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7i (kri^ 1hdi^ 


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B. M. S. 






^vjrROCO,— ; 


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The Tulu language, one of tlie Dravidian family, is spoken 
only by half a million of people, inhabiting the central part of 
South-Canara. Until recently there was no literature in this 
language, except some legends written on palm-leaves in the 
Malayalam character, in the possession of Brahman families. 
It was only after the arrival of the Basel Missionaries in this 
district (1834) that some books were written and printed in 
the Basel Mission Press, the most important being a translation 
of the New Testament, which was completed in 1847, and 
of which a new typographical edition was issued in 1859. 
Other publications intended for the use of the church and 
schools followed in course of time, and in 1872 Eev. J. Brigel 
compiled a Tulu Grammar, which we recommend to those 
interested in that language. For writing, a modification of the 
Malayalam alphabet was in vogue till the Basel Mission Press 
employed Canarese characters in printing. 

2. The compilation of a vocabulary was commenced some 
30 years ago. The Rev. G. Kammerer, who died in 1858, left a 
manuscript containing about 2000 words. The author took this 
vocabulary in hand and continued adding to it from all avail- 
able sources, without in the leapt contemplating the printing 
of the same. In ^1883, however, the question of printing a 
Tulu Dictionary was first mooted, and further steps having been 
taken in the matter, the Government of Madras was pleased to 
defray the cost of its publication. 


3. A Transliteration in Latin characters of every word will, 
especially for beginners, facilitate the use of the book. The 
appended list (p. viii.) will show the rules according to which the 
transliteration has been made. 

4. Special attention should be paid to words sounding 
alike, viz : 

^S, palli, a lizard. s5^ palli, a mosque. 

Cf?? ane, an anna. ^^ ane, an elephant. 

^J^j^ muttu, a pearl. ^i^o:^ muddu, a kiss. 

^a^ madipu, a fold. ■doas^ madipu, a con-sultation. 

5. Although it is customary in Dravidian Dictionaries to 
give the crude form of the Verb, it was thought better to give 
first the Infinitive form, as the conjugation of the verb is depen- 
dent on the ending of the Infinitive. The Eoot, however, is given 
after the transliteration. The three terminations of the Infinitive 
are as follows: 

1. en)^ uni, as §o5 +cro^ = §jrfo^ voduni, to read; 

2. 4^ puni, ^ ^f + ^^ =-^^^^ malpuni, to do; 

3. h^ pini, „ ^ +b^ =^j!>h^ tiipini, to see. 

As the formation of the Causative form is sometimes rather 
intricate and the meaning is often different from that attached 
to the root, it has been thought best to introduce the causative 
form as a seperate word. 

6. As to the Adjectives, only the simple ones have been 
especially mentioned; all others which are either Adjective- 
Participles, or Nouns converted into Adjectives either by different 
terminations, as the Dative, Locative and Genitive, or by adding 
Adjective-Participles. (^^ itti, ca)s^ uppu, ^^>^ ayi, elc), have been 
omitted, as the student can easily convert any Noun into an 
Adjective whenever required. 

7. In a similiar manner it ought to be stated that all pro- 
per Adverbs have been specially pointed out; those, however, 
which are either Datives or Locatives or Nouns with Verbal 
Participles (CfSS ad^) have been omitted for the above reason. 


8. The Tulu language does not possess many words with 
abstract meanings. The Gerund of every verb may, however, 
be used in this sense, for instance, Sjji^o?^^ wodunavu reading, ^j^h 
^4 tupinavu observation. Besides this there are some other deriv- 
ations, as ^?a^ vodige of ^^^C)^ voduni, ^^'^ heccige of ^d^^ 
heccuni, ^^A^^ jappel^ of s^^^^^ jappuni, ac^6 dinjel^ of aosr^o^ 
dinjuni, ^^^ tarte of ^t^o^ taruni, ^ooir murte of ^ojs-do^ muruni, 
elc. Such abstract words, if not found in this Dictionary, can 
easily be formed by means of the Infinitive. 

9. The meanings of many words might have been consider- 
ably increased, but for the sake of brevity we have, (especially 
in the case of words derived from Sanskrit), given only the most 
usual ones. 

10. It should be taken into consideration that not only the 
different castes of the Tulu speaking people have their own 
peculiarities of expression and pronunciation, e.g. for "wed- 
ding" Brahmans say ^e^or® kalyana, Pariahs say eoci^jd badatana, 
and other caste people say ^5^o madi^me, but that there are also 
three local distinctions of dialect, viz., a southern, a northern 
and an eastern one, in which similar peculiarities exist; for 
instance : 

S. ^^l^ podepini, ^ 

7^^ sadi, • 

^^^ tude, 

^j^t^ tupini, ^ 

N. ^^^h^ podepini, o 

o^a tadi, o 

7io^ sude, 

7ij?>h^. supini, w 

E. 4^4^ pudepuni, _o 

^^^ hadi, c3 

^^ hude, 


^j^tc^ hupini,^ 

11. As to the adoption of Sanskrit, words besides those in 
common use with the people in connection with their worship, 
a number of words have been received which are current among 
Tulu Brahmans only,, though not all ; and there are also some 
words which owe their introduction to Christianity. The Tulu 
people also use a number of words which were originally Cana- 
rese, Malayalam and Hindustani; of these only the most com- 
mon ones have been introduced here. 

12. The names of about 600 Plants will be found in this 
collection. About half are taken from "Five Hundred Indian 


Plants" by C. Stolz, and the others have been obtained in other 
ways, careful investigation being required in some cases. 

13. A Supplement of about 200 new words is appended. 

14. For List of Abbreviations see the following page. 

15. In the preparation of this Dictionary the following 
works have been consulted: Canarese Dictionary by W. Reeve, 
Malayalam Dictionary by Dr. H. Gundert, and Sanskrit Dictionary 
by Dr. Th. Benfey. 

16. In conclusion the author desires to record the great 
obligations he is under, to the Munshis Messrs. Madhvaraya of 
Caup, Sitarama of Mulki, Sarvottama Pei of Mangalore, and 
Catechist Israel Aarons for the assistance given him, and 
among some others, he is also indebted to the corrector of 
the Mission Press, Mr. Sivarau, who has been of very great 
service to him in carrying the work through the press. He 
nevertheless regrets certain errors which have crept into the 
work, and for which he craves the forbearance of the critic. 
These have been noted in the Errata. 

Mangalore, October 1886. A» 3/« 






= literally. 





= locative. 





= masculine. 





= negative. 



word peculiar to Tulu 

n. or 

72^^/. = neuter. 



= numeral. 





= opposite. 





= perfect tense. 

c. d. 


cum dative. 


= participle. 



confer, compare. 

p. or p 

ers. = person. 





= plural. 

C. V. 


causative verb. 


= postposition. 





= potential. 





= preposition. 



d. V. = defective verb. 


= pronoun. 



for example. 


= proverb. 





= past tense. 





= Roman Catholic 





= substantive. 

f. t. 


future tense. 


= Sanskrit. 





= singular. 





= slang word. 




V. a. 

= verb active. 




V. n. 

= verb neuter. 




V. refl 

- verb reflexive. 





= vulgar word. 


a. Vowels. 

e3 a as h, in about. 
tj a „ a „ far. 
^ i „ i „ him. 
■d? i „ i „ police. 
eAj u „ u „ full. 
5AJ3 u ^ u „ rule. 
g)dj r\ji, vocalised r. 
(S)dJ3 ru «^^ ^.y^^j 

^ e <2J 

e m met. 

„ h (final) as z, „ mat. 

^j e (3:j 

e „ gi-ey. 

^ ei, ai, oi „ 

ei „ height. 

Eo (wo) „ 

„ not. 

2o (wo) „ 

„ note. 

O ou, au „ 

ou „ house. 

o = n before 
n „ 

n « 

=3^ ka <2^ 

SJ kha „ 

'^ ^a „ 

^ gha „ 

23 na „ 

2^ ca „ 

^ cha 

^ ja „ 

d^ jha 

'20 na „ 

ej ta the 

ii tha 

xi da the 

z^ dha 

rs na the 

^ ta the 

c3 tha 

^, so, A, ^, 83. 
2i, efJ, &f, OulO, csp. 

y, -d, T^, t;^, r©. 
^? ^, ^. V, ?^- 

^ (Jialfu) as e ^'/^ the French ^q, 


o=in before A r, ^, ^' 

m „ odo, -d, <*^, ^, ^, ?:i, :d, 3o. 
g=h, vocalised. 

c. Consonants. 

ka in kalendar. 
ka aspirated, 
ga in gander, 
ga aspirated, 
ng in singing, 
ch „ chapter. 
ca aspirated. 
Ja in jam. 
ja aspirated, 
nya in bunyan. 
cerebral ta. 

ta aspirated, 
cerebral da. 

da aspirated, 
cerebral na. 
dental ta. 

ta aspirated. 

cj da the dental da. 

qj dha da aspirated. 

■^ na the dental na. 

sj pa as pa in parrot. 

^ pha „ pa aspirated. 

ba i7t bat. 

ba aspirated. 

ma in mad. 

ya V yam. 





20 ba 

?^ bha 

SjO ma 

ojo ya 

d ra 

^ la 

zi va 

^ sa 

^ sa 

^ sa 

a^ ha 

« i-ag. 

„ lap. 

„ van. 

„ sham. 

„ marshal. 

„ sat 



"^ la the cerebral 1. 

^ ksha ^^ ksha in Lakshmi. 




^ a, The first letter of the al- 
phabet; 2. an interjection of 
surprise; 3. when prefixed to 
nouns derived from Sanskrit 
beginning- with a consonant, 
it denotes negation, as ?j^o 
truth, e9?j^_^ untruth; before 
a vowel 55 becomes ©f3«, as 
^o^ end, ^^o^ endless. 

^ ^0=^ anka, ^/Fight, war, battle, 
combat; ^2. cock-fight; 3. a 
mark, sign. — crooSo a combat- 
ant, wrestler. —z6 eoD^odjsS a 
field or place for cock-fighting. 
— ^s^o^ to fight, to wrestle. 

>/ao=CTr9 ankana, i'.^'The space bet- 
ween two cross beams or pil- 
lars (supporting a roof) ; 2. a 
quadrate, square; 3. a small 
room, compartment, —^itrioo^ 
to upset. 
eo^^ol}^^ ankayana, s. A temple 
feast; see o-cxjoj^. 

55 0^^ ankita, s. A mark; adj. 
marked, —zj^rio^ to affix one's 
signature to any writing; 2. to 
dedicate a work; 3. to put a 

^ox^odjSo^o ankudonku,^. Crook- 
edness; ^^^ bent, crooked. 

^0=^02^ ankusa, s. A goad, hook 
used to drive an elephant with. 

^0^^^ ankipuni (©o^), v. a. To 
cipher, count, reckon (in 

Q3o=^anke, s. A numerical figure. 

S5o=ijs^s3d sjod ankoleda mara, 
s. Alangium decapetalum 
si^oTf ang^, 5-. Greediness, eager- 
ness. — 20oc^?), —^^^ to be 
greedy, covetous; cf.^o^t^^. 

53071^ rj2)5^^ angyisavuni (?5o7^?k)), 
v. a. To reproach, despise; 2. 
to disregard; 3. to arraign; 

also 590?s?d^4oi, SoOA^?dD^o). 

^oTi f-ng-a 

eort anga 

^oTi ang-a, ^. A liixib, iRember:, 
2. the body. ^oXo-Rj^^o the 
members of the body. 

esoJix^dra angalcarana, s. The in- 
struments of action, as ^c^ 
mind, ^^^ speech, s^odo body. 

e5or(^d^jS angajameri, s. The hair 
of the body. 

eorit3^a ang-ajari, s. A name of 
^^, the foe of Cupid. 

e^orieE angaje, s. The god of love, 
m)-^: 2. a son; 3. desire. 
v/55o?ia angadi, ^. A shop, stall. 
— OToSo, — A^^ a shopkeeper. 

e5or(rs angana, ^. The space 
around a temple or demon- 
shrine; 2. a courtyard, the 
space in front of a house. 

eorl3^sJ angatapa, s. Heat of the 
body; 2. fatigue. 

e5or(d?2angadane, i-. Thirst, -^js 
t^F^ to give to drink. — tjE^f^ 
to drink. 

^orld angade, ^. The name of a 
celebrated monkey, the son 
of :3;)e5. 

e5o?is:!o=s^ angapanki^, s. The hair 
about the privities, 7'lo\ 

e5orioJ&^=a angaparikshe, s. Anato- 

e^ori^^ angapuje, ^. Worship- 
ping the different members of 
an idol. 

^crt^,Cj=^Dl angapradakshane, s. 
Rolling the body after the car 
of an idol or round a temple, 
as a penance or in fulfilment 
oi' ii vow; see ^ci^?5. 

•^c/r'ii^^^D^angabssar^,^. Fatigue. 

^orid^ angarakshe, s. Personal 
protection, preservation, safe- 

e5or(d^=a angareke, s. A coat, 
jacket, vesture. 

^oiidJ^^^Zo angaroma, s. The hair 
of the body. 
/e5or(s>.^^, ^o7ioi>t> angalappu, 
angalapa, s. Covetousness, in- 
ordinate desire, eagerness of 
gain. -^S^r'i to be of inordi- 
nate desire; 2. to endeavour, 
try. — crooSo a covetous person. 

^oiizj^ angavastra, s. An upper 
garment, a towel. 

^or{i>^ angasikshe, s. Penance; 
2. mortification of the body in 

^oTiSj2^ angasuci s. Ceremonial 
purity; 2. a thrashing, beat- 

^oiiT^oTi angasanga, s. Sexual in- 

e5ori?TOq^r^ angasadhane, s. Gym- 
nastics, bodily exercise. 

^oTik^ angasiddhi, s. Prosperity. 

. ^or(?;)JS^angasutra,^. The pulse; 
2. a kind of girdle; see ^^^ 

^oii^ angase, s. A particular 
kind of building, the front 
part of which is used as a 
shop and the back part as a 
private dwelling; 2. a towel, 

WoTii^gjfticS^^ angasonne, s. A sign 

^ori anga 

^o2S anna 

made with the finger, head, 

eye, etc. 
eori3oo?o, s. Corpo- 
ral punishment. ^•^^\^^ to 

wound, punish. 
^oriSo^^ angahina, adj. Maimed. 
53on=CT^do angakshema, s. Bodily 

^on^ori anganga, adj. All, of 

every kind; see ©cS3o83. 
>/^on^D^ angariji, s. The sole of 

the foot. 
S3orv'3d angara, s. Tuesday. 
e3on^d^ angaraka, s. A black 

stroke put on the forehead. 
s3on"5d=^ angaraka, s. The planet 

Mars. e9oAsT^^s;)T^ Tuesday. 

2. Tuesday. 
V^oA^^J^ angavuni, 6-. 7'. {of ^o 

Ao^), To yawn, gape, open (as 

the mouth). 
55oh angi, s. A long gown, or 

7^oA^^ angidpini (ssoTn^), z'. z^. 

To be greedy, covetous; see 

under ^oK. 
J^or\z^^ angipuni (ssoTs), -?'. ^. To 

wish, be greedy of. 
^oTs'^DZ^^ angisavuni (©cTv^Jd), 

7J. a. To reproach ; see ©oK?3s 

S5or\^=aDdangIkara, J. Reception, 
admission; 2. acceptation.— "^ 
•^0^^, esoTNe^&i^^ to accept, re- 

^s3oT\^t)% angirasa, s. The name 
of a Hindoo saint. 

53orioy, ^orlo^ anguta, angushta, 
s. The thumb; 2. the great 
toe; also ^r^o7^:^\i. 
/e5orio^ anguni (5f)cK), v. n. To 
open; 2. to be seized with 
a fit of yawning; as sososo s5o 
AooT^o the mouth opens; 3. to 

^orio^ angula, s. An inch; 2. a 
finger, the thumb, great toe; 
3. the name of a saint. 

piorlorj;^^^ angustani, s. A thim- 

s5o7^5-), ^of\^ angela, angela, s. 
A native inch equal to about 
\\ of the English inch; see 

y^of\6 angele, s. A greedy per- 
son, glutton. 
>43ori^ angel, s. The palm of the 
hand, —aoc a the cavity of the 
hand. — 15?=^ the lines on the 
palm of the hand; see ^^tS?^. 
—■^ooc-Ri^ :^^o^^ to lick the palm 
and back of the hand;y^. to 
be greedy. 

^o/iJS^5j-5or\ angopanga (e^oX- 
£ro3rf-s9cA), s. The members of 

the body. 

^of\S:^^ angostra (&9oa-^^), s. 
An upper garment, a towel. 

^o2Go2c;, e5c25o2S^J?)^j annanna, 
annannolu, ^. All the limbs; 
see ^oT^oA. 

^o72£2 annana, see sjcXr®. 

^ozsraoo ^ annanyuni (e5c83P5«), v.a. 
To be greedy of, to covet ; c/. 


^ob^ ant\ji 

^o2C-^,annele, see ^o-Re. 
Js5os^ anca, cidv. So, thus, like, 
after that way or manner; 
2. int. yea, even so. esosioel 
there, that side, a little fur- 
ther on. ©ctj^o-rf if it be so, 
however. S5otJDO30f25 , s9otJD 

d-£?o5a^;Di5^T5Ti) for that rea- 
son, on that account, there- 
fore. ^o2^^ such. 

i$5o2^d ancade, adv. So, just so. 

-I eo£^^, eozl^ ancane, ancene, adv. 
Just so, even so. — -do^o^^ to 
do so, to do in like manner. 

J^o'^Zt^ ancal, s. The post, tapal. 
— ^'oiiio-^ a post-horse. — crooSo 
a postman. 

^^oz^ anci, (2^^'. Thither, that 
side; 2. beyond. e9o&7ci sd^ 
the other part. efcelK ?jorfo^ 
to die, expire, decease, ^o 
^o-d here and there, hither 
and thither, to and fro. 
eo2^7^, eoz§=^ ancige ancike, see 

Je5c2^ne)o3o ancidaye, ^. A post- 

Jeo2;^0c^ ancuni (©otF), v. a. To 
lurk, as td'& tjh.^ ssodooT^o the 
cat lies in wait for the bird ; 
V. 71. to be importunate. 
WotiN anjana, see ^o<^^. 

t5ot;ic35)c3^^ anjanadevi, s. The 
wife of sroodoo (the god of 
wind) and mother of sojio^oo;^, 

the famous monkey general; 
2. the black goddess. 
e^oe^jG^^j?)^^ anjalijiminiji, ^. A 
kind of fish. 

v/^otofi, ?3oSoi^ anjige, anjike, ^. 
Fear, alarm, fright; 2. shy- 
ness, —"sii^o^^i to fear, be afraid 
of, be alarmed, be frightened; 
2. to be shy. -odoSo a coward^ 
timid person. 

>/eot3aJjo^, ^o2;jo?^ anjiyuni, an- 
juni (©o^, S9oaio), v. n. To 
fear. ©os^octooSo a coward, 
timid person. 
^oZaJSd anjura, ^. A fig. — ^o5r 
a ripe fig. — -^o-d the glome- 
rous fig tree. 
?3o^d anjele, s. A timid fel- 
^0^"^ annana s. A coUyrium or 
ointment applied to the eyes 
(^see ^^^R) ; 2. particular ap- 
plications, as lampblack, anti- 
mony etc. ; 3. a kind of medi- 
cine for the eyes; also e9o 
di^. — c^?r^ antimony. —7^^, 
—trooSo necromancer, conjurer, 
soothsayer, also ^oaif^crooSo^ 
~z>T>Ti>o^ to put a sharp medi- 
cine or collyrium into the 
eyes; 2. to conjure. 

s/^ob^ant^, J. Gum, paste, resin; 
2. adhesion. -3i;^^ to come 
in contact with, to touch; 
2. to follow, pursue ; 3. to 
stick, adhere to. — srorfo^ to 
gum, paste. cpc&roJbs) to be- 
come adhesive. 

^ot^ ant^ 

eo^ anta 

y-eo^sd^^ ant^pattu, adj. Adhe- 
sive, attractive. 

^-eo^o^ antuni, z'.n. To adhere, 
stick; z'. a. to paste; 2. to 

-J^oi^ andi^, ^. The buttocks ; e5o 
Sh SjooB ^o?6 a stool to sit 
upon. ©oSd^r a small under 
t5od anda, s. An egg, that which 
is oval shaped, —d^s^ the 
oviparous class, as bird, fish 

'^odT^f andas^, s. A kind of fish; 
del. sooi^cJ- 

J^^o^andi, ^. A germ of mangoes 
eic. — eoj^-do^ fruits to put 
forth; also s^oso ^yo^?). 

>yt5oaf^^D% ?5o>^^r^D^ andinariji, 
andipunar^, ^. The name of a 
tree, Carallia ifitege^'rima. 

J:e3ocl ande, s. The vessel of a 
toddy-drawer for putting tod- 
dy in; 2. a vessel made of 
hollow bamboo or nut-shell. 

N^eocJg^sJ^ annavuni (e5o?5^), -z'. <35. 
To raise or lift up the head 
or face; 2. to peep. 
■^or3o=5^oSo annukayi, s. Cocoa- 
nut and plantains offered to 
an idol; see 5oor^3j?jDO50. — =^J3 
br^, — ■rfo'^o^^ to offer cocoa- 
nuts and plantains. 

>/t3ocl anne, ^. An elder brother; 
2. a maternal uncle; 3. an 
elderly man. 
95o'i> anta, s. End, finale. 
53o;^8=5^dcs antahkarana, ^. The 

internal sense; 2. the heart, 
the mind; 3. y^". mercy; also 

^o;^8^d antahpura, -s". A seraglio, 
the queen's apartment. 

e>o^€antake,^.Yama,the Indian 

eoaC3^c^ antadi^r^, s. A clue, 
hint, inkling (as of a secret). 

^o^sjo^ antapanta, s. Competi- 
tion, vying; 2. prowess. 

^oad antara, s. Intermediate 
space, interval; 2. difference, 
disparity; 3. rank. -^oB^f, 
_^o£^f, —^o^jso^o the inter- 
mediate posts of a roof. 

eo^dori antaranga, ^, The mind, 
heart; 2. a secret; 3. secrecy; 
hi loc. secretly. 

^o:^dr(ori antaragange, s. Pis Ha 
sir alio sa\ cf. ^iei:DW, 

^o;^D'3osd ant ar antara, s. Dis- 
tinction of rank. 

rata, antrata, antarashtra, s. 
Mid-space, mid-air, included 
space, interval; ©oi^ud&SjstSos?, 
lit. 'he is in the atmosphere', 
used for one who has died 
and has no rest; l.fg. he is 
in a dilemma^ he is not 

^osO^^, ?5o^S;^o^, 55o;^0ojjo^, 
antaripuni, antarisuni, antari- 
yuni (©o;^&), V. n. To end; 
2. to die; 3. to differ. 

?3o^cSr?2 antardese, s. The un- 
known fate. 

^os anta 

^0^ anna 

^o^ziJ^FU^ antarmadi^, s. An 

under roof. 
^o^cdjF antarya ^. The inner 

part; 2. the heart, mind. 
e5o;^;^orcr3 antarsunna, s. The 

beam on the walls. 
J^o:^or1 antuga, s. Total. 

>i e^o^?;^ antastiji, ^. -^An upper 
store or roopi; 2. a secret. 

e5oso antya, s. End, completion; 
<2^//". last, final, ultimate. — tfse; 
the time of death. 

^ouf andu, d. v. Yes, yea. ^^Ti^ 
4^o) to be true. ~~^h^ to be 
brought up; 2. to be verified, 
proved. — efoso true. — eyoso 
sj^ei:^ a true word: s9oc3Da3o 
sjDaT?j^Aj xion^orfo <^3§ ///. there 
is no gainsaying the truth. 
^■rfj^o^^ to prove, improve. 
^cn^isitso? isittrue? also 
calling attention. 

eoC3^od andijinda (condl.form of 
65^^), adv. Namely, that is 
to say. 

e5ourc3' andi^d^ {past part, of 
es^?) used as) conj. {lit. Hav- 
ing said,) that, so^r ©oSS 
3io^ he said that he would 

-/^od anda, i". Form, shape; 2. 
beauty, elegance, handsome- 
ness, symmetry; 3. purport. 
adj. beautiful, pretty; — ;^t?, 
a handsome man. —i^^h^ to 
decay, wane. 

Je3oci2^od andacanda, adj. Very 
handsome, very pleasant. 

^odri, ^od^ andage, andake, s. 
A blind man, a man of defec- 
tive vision; 2. a cripple. 

^odrs andana, s. A kind of pa- 

eodo3j andaye, ^^^ ©ocrooSo. 

53od?^o, andasya, ^^^ e9o:3e^. 

^od?j andassa, ^. Darkness, 
blackness. — &;)K a very dark 
pl^e. —-^-^"^ hell of dark- 

^oC3"e) anda, ^<^'^ under e9o!S 

s5ot3Dtiio, 53oC3«)2o andaju, andaji, 
s. Estimate. — -rfo^o^oi to make 
an estimate. 

S3oCJ30Sj andayi, .s"<?^ under e£)o5. 

^on-^oSj andaye (e5c5-e?o3o), s. A 
consenter, one who consents: 
2./. /. ^ e9oa;)L^^, of. tender 

^oa^?3DD*^ andipunar, see ©c^ 

^oc3, ^oc5^ ande, ande, ////. of 
entreaty, addressing, calling 

eodes^, t'ode^o andesa, andesa, s. 
Doubt, hesitation; 2. shy- 

eoqi^'^u andhakara, ^. Darkness. 

y oqiri andhage (55c:;i^), s. A blind 
man; J<?^ csocSt^. 

?3o9'3dcJi)rc^ andhadarbar^, ^. A 
blind government; 2. tyran- 
ny. _c!3o3o a tyrant, mis- 

e3oN anna, ^. Food, 6'j-/. cooked 
rice. — cro?^ a gift of food. 

°5oc^ anna 

^o^o amma 

^0?^^ annadi, s. A homeless per- 
son, pauper; 2. a simpleton; 

eo^^ ampuni, see 590200^. 

^^o2J, ^oea^, ^o23j3 amba, amba, 

». ambo, ^. Bellowing, lowing 
2. a cry, noise, -sjdt^o^ to bel- 
low, low (like a calf). 
>A3oeo^, e3o20[| ambate, ambade, s. 
The wild mango, hogplum. 
^T^o-d, a hogplum-tree, Spon- 
dias mangi/era. 
^owd ambara, s. The sky; 2. 
cloth, apparel; Tj?fD^o20-d a 
purple cloth. e9o 201:1) oeoTj a 
name of ^^. 
/^oeod^ ambarappu, ^. Hurry, 
confusion, perplexity. — asoSo 
a perplexed man. esoeob^ ^e 
1:^, ?f)odDS_ to become per- 

^o^JS, ^o^3^D ambari, ambari, 
s. An elephant's saddle, how- 

^cZOG^ ambal^, s. Tipsiness, 
drunkenness; 2. drowsiness: 
^^rf ©oa:)<§Ssio(:f (I c^r he) told 
(it) in drowsiness of sleep. 

e5o2o^ ambala, see ^o^^. 

^oz^^zf ambakil^, s. A kind of 
verandah; 2. an outer gate 
07' door. 
>/^o2^ ambi, i". Cow-dung. 

V^o2^r\tt)d ambigare, j. A boat- 
man; Cf. e902007^T5. 

J^QT^A ambige, s. A hunter; ^^^ 

>^o2^o ambila, .s-. The place a- 
round or in front of a tem- 
ple; 2. a verandah around a 

^o2oo ambu, i". Water. 
v43oeoo ambu, i". An arrow. —7^^ 
a hunter. 

^ozoori ambuge, s. The flower of 
Arum colocQsia\ cf. ^^4, 

^o2oo^ ambuni (®o) B., 7/.^. To 
do, make; c/. ^04^, ^05^^, 

/^o20j© ambuli, J. A kind of pap 
or gruel of ragi or rice. 
53023 ambe,^. A goddess, s^^^r^; 
^jjs^od a dumb goddess; c/. 


^eoaS^^D^ ambekar^, ^. Walking 
(^r crawling on hands andfeet. 
—^zzio^, ~^7i4^ to crawl. 

55oe3s^ ambepu, «y. Mango blos- 

'^o25e-> ambela, see ^o2^<^. 

(■^o2o^ ambe, ^-^^ 55020. 

^o2^J^^ ambodi, s. A kind of 
dance or mock-fight among 
the Pariahs. 

S3o23jscI ambode, s. A kind of 
fried cake. 

55o23j?)^^ambottu, >y. Arrogance, 
pride; also ^o-^^^^. —ijs^gds 
4o) to be arrogant. 
•i 550^0 amma, ^. A lady; ^jsSodoo 
^0 Kali. 

^os:^osjdo5o ammapaddeyi, s. eu- 
phem.for Small-pox. 
v/^o^jo^Jo ammayya, int. of sor- 
row or pain. 

55os3o amme 


^ri aga 

y ^osSo amme, ^. A father; ^?e;^c 
^, ^Qodoo^o an elder uncle; 
Srf no^ a younger uncle 
(father's, not mother's bro- 
ther); SDc^oddj^ lit. nou- 
rishing father, foster father, 
adoptive father ; pi. e9o-rfj5)TSo^; 
hon. pi. e5o^o5. 

^o^S$ii>^ amottu, see esodjsi^o^. 

^02^ amsa, ^. Part, share, por- 
tion. — tSo^o^?) to divide, ap- 

^o?oamsa,^. A goose, swan; also 

eo?oS3c)rf, amsapada, s. A caret, 
asterisk; 2. a prop; 9^. ^o?j 

v/?58, 55^ ah, aha, ^W. Ah! eh! 

^=^d, 555='i)d, akara, akara, adv. 
There, yonder, far ; also ^^^. 

^=g^o^ akaliji, see ^^^^. 

e^s'^V?^ akasmika, adj. Accident- 
al, sudden, unexpected. 

•J23xf5)d akara, s. The letter «>; c/. 

t5^c)^ akala, ^<^'. Untimely, un- 
seasonable, —^"dr® premature 

^^^^F akirti, s. Infamy, dis- 

e^x^^ akr^tya, s. Iniquity; adj. 
wicked, bad. 

^T?^D, akeri, s. End; tn dat. or 
loc. at or about the end, final- 
ly; also es-^^^e. 
J ^=3^,, ^J=^, akka, akk^, J. An elder 
sister; 2. an elderly woman. 

J^=a,=a-, ^=^J3,s^o akkakka, akkolu, 
s. Part; adv, asunder. — Qe 
Ib^ to put asunder, divide. 

e5 =5,0:^00 akkayya, ^. An affection- 
ate mode of addressing an 
elderly woman. 

e=^D^ akkar\^, s. An atom ; also 


c Gi o (2. 

^oM o3o I shall not touch a 


bit of you. 
^=^^"r akkarva, s. The last words 

of a dying person. 
^=^G^ akkal^, s. Sense, intellect, 
understanding; reflection. — "^ 
Wo a to be out of wits. 

^^•§\ akki, s. Rice, corn, ^/^^^ 
d??2/jy in compos.^ e.g. c^c^e^^^, 
a coarse kind of rice; oSoeCJ^ 
cardamom ; see ^5. 
^^^=3^ akkika, s. A kind of pre- 
cious stone, sardius. 
55^0, c^o^) akkuduni (^^^e^)> ^'- ^- 
To hang, suspend. 

4^5:^0 akrama, s. Irregularity, 
abnormity, confusion, ^tj^^ 
S irregularly, disorderly, es 
=^T^:!e)a2o wrong. 
^rirJ^ aganita, ^^//'. Countless, 

V^ri^o agatya, 5. Need, necessity, 
want ; adj. urgent, important. 

7^r(53=)4c^ agapauni, c.v. {of ^7^ 
^?)), To send away, cause to 

V^nsSc^ agapuni («?7^), 7-. ;?. To 
remove, depart. 7-. a. to sepa- 
rate; 2. extend. 

^ri aga 

^ij agra 

i7ii>^^ agapeli^, s. Separation; 
2. despatch. 

)Azi:) ag^ama, adj. Fixed, immov- 

)7i^, ^Tiv^ agar^, agal^, sJa 
fort ditch, trench, moat; 2. 
wall; £A)4^rf ef)A5 a saltpan. —^ 
Tio^oi to dig a trench. 

irldorioq^ agarugandha, s. Red 
sandal wood, Aqidlaria ag al- 
io chum. 
>/e3r1?5^£)0^ agasenari^i, ^. The lin- 

plant; 2. flax. 
7^ri?ododagasemara,i'. The name 
of a tree, Agati grandijlord. 

^r1^ o agastya, s. The name of 
a Hindu saint; 2. necessity, 

het. ©A^n. 

^T\D-i agata, <«^'. Not danger- 

^T\i)T^ agadha, s. An abyss, adj. 
bottomless, deep; 2. very dif- 

^n^ agini, see s97n^. 
J^f^o^ agili^, s. A kind of tree; 
■^5S9?N^ Agallochum. 

^riosl agude, ^. A furnace, fire 
for warming. 

^f\:i'6:i aguru, see ©a 5. 
V?5r(odj^ aguruni (®ao5), ^. ^. 
To totter, stagger. 

^f\^^ agelij^, s. A kind of demon 
worship with food etc. —^o^^ 
worship of demons and ser- 
pents with food-offering. — ^o 
eSe; ^j^hF^ to give such offer- 
ings to demons, elc. 

557^0^-, ^7^^-, ^7io^-7io4 ageli^-, 

agela-, agali^-gandha, s. Aloes; 

see esX'doAoz;^. 

^*^f{v agela, s. Breadth; adj. 


^f\^dd) ageludda, ^.Length and 

>K37^J5C), ^Aj^^ agoli, agoli, ^. A 

large vessel. 
^AJ^^zi^ agocara,^^". Invisible; 
2. incomprehensible. 
y^rv agga s. Cheapness. €57^5 

cheaply. ^-^ oso mean. 
y^Ti^DT^f, $3A^ ?j^ aggalasi^, aggijL- 
syi, adj. Cheap. F^^^- 

^T\ aggi^^y. Hunger; 2. fire; ^^/. 
vy^nojjo^, e5rij^^ aggiyuni, ag- 
yuni (®^), v.a. To chew, bite. 
^^f> agge, ^. The shoot of a 
s3n-3^, ^r^^c^, ^f\^^^ agnana, 
agyana, agyena, s. Ignorance; 
del. «53d;) ^. 
^r\ agni, ^. Fire. . 

/^ri agra, ^. Front, top ;v2. a sore- 
mouth, aphthae, the thrush; 

^odjsS? ©AJ, ^S ©AJ, =^j3fe3 e£)Aj, 

^D ^Xj, ?i^r e9Aj, varieties of 
soremouth. — £3e& a kind of 
root for soremouth. 

^ri^rirlo agraganye,^. The chief; 
2. one who is regardless of 

y ri ?J5)6 agrasale, s. A dining hall; 
2. a cooking place in temples. 

^rl^agraste,^. A headman, pre- 
sident, manager. 

5571^ a^ra 


^td aja 

en^d, ^rij55^dagrara,agrahara, 

s. A Brahmin village. 
^^ agha, s. Sin; 2. passion. 

?5^JS^d aghora, ^4/. Terrible, 
fierce, dreadful. 

^dc2;^s; acancala/^^'. Firm, fixed, 
decided. —^^ firmness, deci- 

^'d6 acara, adj. Immovable; 
2. inanimate. 

^d^ acala, s. A mountain; ^^'. 

552:§J?)^(^n acodya, ^(^'. Curious, 

^z^ acca, <2^". Pure, unmixed, 
genuine; cf. ^^^ei^. 

^e:^ d accade, s. A peculiar kind 
of cloth to put on; 2. a wrap- 
per; c/. 7i^^. 

^z^ Co, accada, i\ A red mark 

put on the forehead; 2. a 

mixture of raw rice and red 

powder; also ^tx^- 

>/^^j acci, s.y/A form, model; 

J2. a weaver's reed. — sjd^o?) 

to print, to coin. — 3i ^o-d a 

n/ model made of wood; Van 


^2^=CTk5^. accikatt^, s. Conveni- 
ence, fitness. /3;^*. neat, com- 
pact commodious. 

ezS 23^;accibella,^. Country sugar, 
jaggory made of sugarcane. 

etio ajam, s. The process of di- 
gestion or consumption; also 
^di.0. —^t^ to be digested; 
to be exhausted. 

S5iio^ ajanta, <^^//'. Many, all: © 

aio^ ai?j ojsT^ooc^o plenty people 

come together. 
^2;ioi ajante, ^. An attendant. 
^^>i^^o^aJak^l^,^. Yawning, gap- 
ing. — <^SL^ to yawn, gape. 
^e^^'soSo ajakayi, s, Cocoanut. 

—rf^r^ to break cocoanuts 

(in a kind of play). 
J^ti'i ajake, j". Idleness. — rf sj^o 

^ idle talk. — tooSo a babbler. 
^eji=^G^ ajakel^, s. Relapse. 
?5ti=^J5^e;o, ajakolu, ^. The rope 

or cane for putting clothes 

^n^ ajane, s. The noise of a thief, 

goblin, e/c. 
^2si^, ^^d^o^ ajapu, ajabi^, a^'. 

Strange, wonderful. 
V^ici^^ ajapuni (553^), 7'. a. To 

select, choose. 
^'i^^^ ajappu, s. Selection. S5ai 

^zi selected. 
^Zi^^T^ ajamas^, s. Estimate; 

2. deliberation; 3. trace, 

^Zi^ov ajamila, see ^z^s^^. 
^ti^o^op ajameisuni, v. a. To 

deliberate, trace; 2. to esti 

e5tiD^, e52^o^r ajar^, ajarya, adj. 

Imperishable, not decaying. 
J^tid ajara s. A kind of moss; 

cf. zi^i^'S,. 
?32^0* ajaly, s, A portion, part. 

— crocSj a customer. 
^t^Oob ajalipi, s. Fate. 

^23-3 aja 


eej, atti 

ee^^rli ajagrate, s. Carelessness. 
^23^00^ ajamila, s. The name 

of a fabulous Brahmin. 
^23^do ajame, s. A barber ; del. 

eto^ ajike, ^^'^ «5&??. 
^^2=^c>^ ajikeli^, ^^^ ©s^t?^. 

S3to5^o;3^ ajikurve, ^. A sower's 
basket; also sj^s'o-do^. 

e2or!023 ajiguji, s. A crushing. 
n/^^EoSj, e3t3^ ajipa, ajippa, nupz. 
Sixty; ^/i-^ eyeSz). 

etosSo, ^d ajime, ajme, s, A 
crook. — ^ ^^ a grinding- 
stone (for medicine eic). 

^2^u^ ajir^, s. A blue oyster. 
— t^^ an unfortunate hand. «52S 
&n^ ^2or very hard iron. 

^2o2;^c3»)D^, §523^D^ ajildaryi, aji- 
leri^, s. A title, honorific ap- 
pellation of a master or mana- 
ger (particularly applied to 
a headman of the Bants). 

^zs^rsF, ^"^^if ajirna, ajirte, s. 
vb^ aj e, i'.^The foot-print ; 2yfoot- 
step, track, trace; 3. a row; 
4. the cloth tied over a cradle; 
also ^^, ^^. — ^wo,^ to make 
a row. — ^j5ee;o, see essy^js? 
£;o. -sof, a rope for putting 
clothes on. 
-^^Co a]ji, ^. A grandmother. ^"^4 
a tale, idle story. 

^Zo e3^ aj7itti^, s. A kind of dough 
made of rice. 
^^'^ ajje, s. A grandfather. 

^23e)r^ ajnana, i". Ignorance. 

S5E^'3^ ajnani, ^. An ignorant 

^y ata, s. Obstinacy; del. soy. 
—sDoSo, —■^y?>b an obstinate 
^ej€jsLis3 atakotale, s. Constant 
^55^=^, ^y^s^J ataka, atakavu, i". 
Obstacle, hindrance. —tS^vo^^. 
esw^sa3o?jj?i to hinder, stop. 
53^^11 atamata, s. Deception, 
J^kJDu atara, adj. Wide spread, 
as the branches of a tree. 
S5LJJSd atura, s. Poly car paea 
corymbosa, also sj^:2^oo<^o^. 
^^y. atta, s. An upper loft, gar- 
ret, upper room; 2. ceiling. 
^y,cl attane, ^. A household; 
2. household things ; 3. admi- 
nistration. >-e)-dA?6 articles to 
be cooked, -^jse^?? household 
i^y.^o attalu, s. An upstair- 
^y,^^?j, e5^e),?o attahasa, attasa, 

eo eo * * 

s. Shouting, laughter; 2. 

pomp, ostentation; 3. delay. 
^■sSo^o^^ to shout, laugh aloud; 
to parade, ostentate. 
55^e),^^attali;i, s. A good labourer; 
2. a messenger sent after an- 

y^li. atti, s. A pile, heap of rice. 

V^eia^ attil^, s. Cooking; 2. 
meal, —^^^a a cook. 

53^0, attu 


e5^ adi 

Jeziz^P adapuni (S5t^), z'. a 
plough; c/. c^^a. 

'^e5^^^3, adabe, s. An adulteress; 
fl;^". bastard, illegitimately 
born; del. soiisS. -~K s^&o.etooSo 
a bastard, an illegitimate 
person, vlg-. 


A^d=&S ^d^&ddik}}, adaka, ^. Hin- ji^c^c^o^ adaruni (P^^), v. n. To 

derance; also^^^. 
y/^d'a, ^cl, ^j^^ =5^23-5) n^ adaka, 

adka, ad^kajag^, s. An unclean 

place; 2. a burying place. 

— 5sS a wild unclean place. 
J^d'^zj^d adakabare, s. A kind of 

fruit, Cucumis pubescens. 
?5d5^o2L);^o^ adakayisuni, i', a. 

To hinder. 

Je5J^=3^o^, adakuni (ft5rf^), v. a. To ^es^ adi, ^. Bottom, base; 2. foot; 

throw, cast out; 2. to dis- 
charge, fire, as tsa esrf^o^ to 
fire a gun; also esclg'o^. 

i^ziff adag^, s. A ship; 9^. scz^K, 

^c^e3c)3 adajati, i-. An out-caste; 
2. a mongrel; adj. mixed. 

J^d^, ^d£2 adana, addana, s. A 
^d^HDO'td adanagayi, see ^^o 

^d^D^ adanadi, see ©ojs^a. 
^^dsj adapa, j»\ A barber^s dres- 
sing case; 2. a bundle; ^/^^ 

>^etJo^^ attuni {^^^), i'. a. To put; 
^ ^?^€5)Uj^^ to discharge urine, 

v^^ atte, ^.-'The sole of a shoe; 
y N^. support, stand; 3. knot; ^0 

^ iiHi'' ^^i^ ^^^ upper loft for 
storing rice; ^J,^^ a knot or 
ring of a rattan. —siiB bent 
legs, bandy legs. — ^osoS ^0 
«o^^, --slicig g'o'^o,^ to sit down 
on cross legs. 
^^j^o, attemi s. The eighth lu- 
narday; ^^jse^oe^a^o the birth- 
day of ^M^; ^^/. eps^^o. 
^^,5jOo^, attemutte, i". Arms and 
legs; —^'i-6^oS hands and legs 
are broken. 

V ?3^j^ri attolige, s. A loft sup- 
ported on posts, temporary 
gallery. . 

«r^C5^^^ad^pini(e5S),7,'.;2.4ocook.'^^^^^^' adamin^, s. A kind of 
^oTi^o e5t^^ to marry a man. '^' 

J^don^(^ a^angayi, ^. A kind of ^/ ^^^. adary, s. A thin branch. 


twig; 2>'copse. 

^zi^ adavi, ^. A forest, jungle. 

y^ds^, 53:394 adavu, adavu, s. A 
mortgage, pledge; 2. the 
thing mortgaged. — =#jabr?), 
-sjDTio^ to pawn, pledge, mort- 
^C3D03o?oO^ adayisuni, see ^ri^ 

jTTOT^a the foot-sole, foot-step, 
esa^'ci^ eojsTJo^to fall one upon 
the other. 

e^ adi 


^d ade 


J^^ adi, adj. Cooked, dressed, 
prepared. — ^^*^ prepared 
food; a meal ready to be served. 

^^o=5^d adinkara, ^?. A large ves- 
sel; also ®^^^- 
N/^^=^E0J5do adikebaru, s. A kind 
of creeper, Pothas sca^idens; 
also ©^reOjaT^o. 
/'23^=3^^, adikei, ^"."'The palm of the 
hand. ^adj. Defeated, van- 
quished. —^3h^, — sojs-dor'i to lie 
underneath; to be overturn- 
ed, defeated. 

t3^r(o^^ adiganti^, s. The bind- 
ing in the middle of a sack 
converting it into a "bissac"; 
the lower part of a "bissac" 
or sack tied in the middle. 
2. the lower joints of a reed 
or cane. 

■^^i\^^^ adi^ulu, s^^k cook. 2. a 
4'^^f\ adige, ^. ^Cooking, distil- 
ling. 2. emulsion or confec- 
tion prepared from medicinal 
herbs. -^^^ a cook. 

^^2;^d=G^ adicarak^, s. Ballast. 

^^^^c^ adiniri;, s. Water at the 
bottom of something, stand- 
ing water. 2.stored-up-water 
for irrigation of low^er lying 
fields, —"^k^^^ to store up 
water in a field after the 2nd 
or 3rd crop until rainfall. 

^^sj^ic^ adipattuni, v, a. To 

singe, burn. 
^^titi^\ adipareli^, s. A spurious 


e5^^^z:^o^ adipaduni, i\ a. To 
stack corn in a straw- [or 
bamboo-mat-) granary in a 
yard. 2. proceed, 
vfe^o^ adipu, i". Sweeping. ~tod3j, 
— ?:^o3o a male sweeper. —-^^ 
a female sweeper. 
Vs5<^^^) adipuni (^^), i\ a. To 

e^^JJ5dJ^ adiburuni, v. n. To 

^^^rfjocS^^ adimudelijL, s. Capital 
for trading. 2. resources. 

^5^do^23* adi.m3lu, s. Overturn- 
ing. — e??,^, — eojsTJo^ to be 
overturned. — s:^:So^ to upset, 
turn over. 

?3^?oo^?^DdJ5Fj adisudisamana, s. 
Dressed food. 
-^53:^Jo^oo adumbu, s. The creeper 

Ipomoea maritima. 
vls3cl,e^n^ ade, adegu, ^^/t-. There. 
©tS^? {ei/iph.) just there, to 
that very place. rXo^. 

^rlorio^ adenguni, see ©if 4^, ^3o 

^cl=a adeka, <3;^//". Narrow, close. 
2. small, short, brief. 

ed=aj^ adekuni, see esrs^o^. 
ie5:l^ adepu, s. The act of shut- 
ting, closing, finishing. — ^^ 
c^o^ to shut, close. 
-•^cloj)^, ed^J^ adepuni, adevuni 
(e9c§), 7'. ??. m'To shut, close. 

v/ roost, perch: t^jse^ ©i§ 
ocsjooc^o the fowl perches. ^36 «9 
iS^^ to cost : C3D^ ?£)cf 4 ? what's 
the price? also ©i^S -^^h^ to 
be shut up, closed. 


^d ade 


^d adda 

^dnf adesi^, adj. Faded, waned, 
drooping (?r hanging down (as 
one's head). 
J^j|^=^ adeke, s. Obstacle, hin- 
derance. 2. shelter. 

^d^A adege, adv. For nothing, 
to no purpose. 2. without any- 
thing more, barely, merely; 
also ^:^7(. 

v/^ d ^ 4 c^ 5 ^ ^ ° ^^^ c^ ade vuni, ade- 

yuni (?5^e), z'. n. To hide, 

be concealed. 
^d. adka, see^^Ti^. 
>^^zip adkala, s. A cooking shed. 

2. an oven. 
\^d adda, 3". A rafter. 
■^^d adda, ^. Obstacle, hinderance. 

adj. Horizontal, intervening. 

adv. Across, athwart, —^h^, 

^TS^ E^o^to come across, hinder. 

:L=^UJ^?i to dam up, shut in; 

to hinder, interrupt, prevent; 

to block up a path or entrance; 

to screen. — 7\e2io^ to cross 

with lines, underline — ^e3^^ 

to oppose, stop, hinder, -ti? 

h^ to place across, —eo^r^ 

to oppose, confront, interrupt. 

— eoji-do^ to prostrate, bow 

down (a kind of salutation). 

— lij^j^?) to hinder, oppose, 
ec^o^addantra, ^. The torments 

supposed to be caused by a 


o3ri=5^, ^d, addaka, adka, see ^ri^- 

ui -a * * 

^d =er^, addakatte, s. A dam. 

er^^^^ol^rlod addakattimut- 

tiganda, s. A female's head- 
ornament. 2. the head-gear of 
a devil-dancer. 
^d'^i^^ addakatteri, s. A betel- 
uut-cutter or cracker; also 

e5c^=CT?jZjj addakasabu, ^. An im- 
proper or unnatural profes- 
sion, adj. Unusual, contrary. 
l^d'^DD^ addakar^, s. The bent 
knee, as — sjdS^s'os^^o^^ to squat. 
2. a crooked leg. —zizzio^ to 
interfere with. 

^3d v^^o^ addakil^, s. A bolt, lock, 
tenon, linch-pin. 

^d "ix addakei, s. The arm in a 
posture of defence. 

^d "^Sv^^^ addakol^, s. A cross- 

^dr\odi addagandha, s. A hori- 
zontal mark on the forehead 
made with sandal paste by 
certain caste people. 

^dr\^kf, ^df\6 addaglt^, adda- 
gere, s. An intersected line, 
a line across another. 
J^i^rie; addagela, s. Breadth, 
width, diameter. 

e^rie;' addagellu, s. A lateral 

e3driJS^ci addagode, s. A parti- 
tion wall. 

^d^DOi:) addaghaya, s. An un- 
timely or accidental death. 
^:i ;;i:^o3jarfj B^o^^ to be caught 
suddenly, to be in danger 
of life ; to be very afraid. 

^d adda 


?3l3S adda 

^dzs^=^ addacauka, s. A box 
in which the linga is kept. 
^^dz^ addacci (^ri>-^^\ s. An 

^c^ts^sl addajati, see ^ridi^B. 

>/e5^r3 addana, s. A shield. 
esr^rJ, ^^zi£iA addani, addanige, 
s. A bench. 

y^zi fl addane, ^^^ e5rf r®. 
c^ • • • ^ 

e5C^ ^6 addatare, s. An ill-formed 


ec^ iJ5s3, ec^ iJS^v^ addatole, ad- 
datol^, ^. A transverse beam, 

^d do^A addadandige, s, A kind 
of an open palankin carried 

^3zidod addadande, s. A hand- 
cuff. 2. a partition wall, 
parajjet, dam. 

ed d^X addadabbe, s. The bam- 
boo pole with which anything 
is carried across the shoulder. 

^d c3c)^o5j addanalayi, s. A stam- 
mering tongue. 2. lying, 

^d ?^P£Jaddanita, adv. Broadwise. 

^^sjoi, ^dt>o-^^ addapante, ad- 
dapankti, s. A line crossing 
another. —^oo^o^^ to sit at 
meals apart from others (in 
a siderow). 

^d^Di6 addapatera, s. Inter- 
rupting one in speaking. 2. 
contradicting, gainsaying. 
^z:t>4tjo^ to interrupt, gain- 

er^^dc^ addapudari^, ^. A nick- 

^^^d addapude, s. A load 
carried on a pole by two or 
more persons. 2. a load car- 
ried on the shoulder. 

^dz^6 addabare, see ^zi^-Rs^^-d. 

^d e3^© addabeli, s. A hedge or 
fence across a path. 

^d doc^ addamara,^. A cross-bar. 

^d s^jsrir addamarga, s. A cross- 
way, by-path. 2. a false way. 

^d ^^^^ addamudi, s. A female's 
tuft of hair fixed on the side 
of the head. 

?5dd, ^d6 addara, addare, s. 
Tetanus; also —^j^^7\. 

^d€), ^d^ addali, addali, s. A 
pole placed across. 

^d z^'u.z^^ addavakkelu, s. A new 
or temporary tenant or' 

^d^^ioT^ addaserangu, s. The 
upper end of a woman's cloth 
drawn over the right shoulder. 

^d7^^ addasadi, i-. A by-path, 

^di^DD^ addasll^, s. A trans- 
verse row orlme. 2. repeated 
interruptions, interference. 

^^d^fi addalige, see e5rff^7^. 

^ZB-^d^T^ addaduni (^^^S)^ "^'-n. 
To walk to and fro, to parade. 

v'?5cs^a^ addadiddi, adj. Awk- 

a> a, 

ward, clumsy. 2. topsy-turvy. 
^u-^h^ addapini, see ©^ 


esa addi 16 

-I^^Q> addi, s. Obstacle, stoppage. 
2. opposition, -■s^o'k^o^^ to hin- 
der, prevent, oppose, stop. 
^^d ©33)^ addelipuni (^^«5), v. a. 

To put out, drive out. 
^Ti o d addyara, s. An earthen jar 
or vessel. ^v^t^ otj a water 
%'Ca (> addye, s. A cake, pudding. 

^rs^ anya 


^J^a adnadi (ef':l-?:D2^), <2^;. 
TO • • • ^ e. ^ ^ 

Indifferent, middling. 2. vul- 
gar, low. 3. wild; cf. ^o^^. 
55^^, ec^..^^adpini,adpuni(e5S), 

e^^^^ adpillu, 5". A kitchen. 
^^Ij^^^rao^, ^slj^or^j^^^^ a- 
dyonuni, adyondupopini, v. n. 
To leave a place at once. 

J er^B* anaka, .?. Narrowness, 
closeness. ^^/. Narrow, small. 

J ers^^ora^anakasanaka,^^'. Quar- 
55C9o3) anapu, s. Need, want. 
2. urgency, necessity. 3. hin- 
derance, obstacle. 4. harm. 

VersD^ anar^, s. Moss, lichen, 
mouldiness, the green stuff on 
stagnant water ; cf. ojd^^. —tj 
^^ to become mossy, slimy. 

•^ ^t^7^ anasi^, s. A handle, hilt. 
^t^D^:i anavuta, see ^^■^^. 

>/ e?^^^, efossj^) anavuni, anna- 
vuni(e5rro), V. n. To look up, 
lift up the face, gaze. 

J^ti ani, .?. "A kind of mask or 
appendage worn by a devil- 
dancer. ^2. a peacock's tail 

when spread. 3. a small fly. 
— ^Uj^^, —sj^rSo^, ^a?L^^ to put 
on a mask efc. 
erJi anita, adj. Elastic; alsa 

"3^6 anile, see e?^e3. 

Jerid^-soSo anilekayi, s. The 

gall-nut, ink-nut. 
Jer^idsjjd anilemara, s. The ink^ 
nut-tree, Teri?iinalia cliebula^ 
^rsj anu,^. An atom, any thing 

extremely small, dust, 
^raoo^anupu, see ©r®^^. 
^rsozS anube, adj. Soft. 
ys3rl ane, ^V^^*. Oh! hey. 
53 cl ane, i-.-The forehead, see '^^. 
2. steepness. 3. a very steep 
foot-path. —so3^^^ to ascend 
a steep path. 
^fl ane, see e5r5. 

?3fl=5'^^ anekall^, s. A certain 
stone in a temple-Jard dedi- 
cated to the tutelar demons 
of a temple. 

^^ anepuni (e5B), v. a. To 
press, push, strike against,, 
come in contact. 

espfzjdsS anebaravu, s. Fate, 

destiny. 2. appointed lot;. 

see Soj?20"d4. 

i^r^s^, ef!5^sS an]avu, anjavu, 

s. A man, male; also e?Fcc3jsp4(. 

?5r?,e:* ankili;, ^. A very narrow 
door, a wicket. 2. a lodge. 
— p£i«jZS a strait passage. 
Jer?o anya, s. The prow of a 

^5:^ ata 



^ atri 

e^o^ atantra, adj. Unstable, 
infirm, weak, helpless. 

S5aoi, atantre, s. A dependent, 
helpless person. 

533 ati, pref. Over, beyond, ex- 
ceeding, much etc. 

S5vl^s^o atikrama, s. Transgres- 
sion, infringement. — a^o3o a 
transgressor. — -do^o^^, esS^ 
^-^^^i to transgress, encroach, 

a 3 5) atithi, ^. A guest. 

€53q^^atithya,^^^ e?^^^. 

e5vB^>o:^o atipriya, adj. Much 

a 30=^ atirikta, adj. Excessive, 

sSvBsioJo atisaya, ^. Pre-eminence. 
n1 2. abundance. S.-Vwonder, 

?5vB?^^c^ atisari^, ^. Diarrhoea, 

^hT^-^zf atisvadi^, s. A good 

e;^j^, eao^ atula, atula, s. 
Sesatnicm orientale. adj. un- 
equalled, incomparable. 

553^, attijL, def. V. Not, not so; 
negation of quality; cf. <^33. 
— ^^^> to deny, contradict. 
—=5^613^ to abnegate, ^"^ji if 
not, else, or. 

'^tsP% attantra, s. Absence of 
mind, carelessness; cf.^^o^j. 

■^^oa attandi, part, {of ©go) 
Not right, unseemly. — =??e;^ 
an improper act, a wicked 

ea^^oiiS attande, conj. [part, of 

©5^) But, besides, except, 

without, unless. 
^£^D^, 55^ d attar\i, attara, s. 

A kind of mat made of split 

e^^dj attaru, s. Otto or essence 

of roses etc. 2. perfume. 
^i^j ^^^ attala, attala, s. A 

kind of cake for the Sama- 

radhane feast. 
N/s3^?ds^od attasamara, s. The 

fig tree, Ficus religiosa. €5^ 

?js; ^^a platform built round 

the foot of a sacred fig tree; 

also ^t\^. 

533^3 atta, inter rog. of e?^. 
es^j^D^' attar^, ^^^ ®i^- 
^S33jj?^ attige, s. An elder bro- 
ther's wife. 
- eslg atte, s. A mother-in-law. 2. 

an aunt. 
^£oo^ atyanta, <2^'. Excessive, 

extreme, exceeding. 
^t^'^ atyartha, adj. Excessive. 
^^n ^ atyalpa, adj. Very small, 

e3£o^^o atyavasya, «^'. Very 

^3'e)c5i atyase, ^. Greediness, 

covetousness. 2. lust. 
^^On^^o atyuttama, adj. Most 

excellent, best. 
&5l^ atye, ^^^ es^- 
^3^, e^j^jo^ atri, atrimuni, s. 

One of the seven sages, father 

of Candra. 

^^ atru 


^2±)^ adpu 

^^S3c)C9, e5:^S3^?^ atruvana, 

atruvana, ^. Insincerity. 2. 

?3l 7^ atresa, s. A kind of sweeten- 

ed rice-cake. 
e t^?^ atresa, .9. The 9th lunar 

mansion, {/r. ^^e^). 2. a kind 

of rain in August. 
eqJs^F, ^^z^FVd atharva, athar- 

vana, s. The fourth Veda. 
^D'D* aduru, s. A split, crack, 

es3'D*3iu5^D^ adT^ri^padyiri^, ^.The 

line of cleavage of a rock or 

other formation, which can be 

separated into slabs or scales 
^ or flakes, n/2. shaking and 

quaking. -^'^^ to go to 

pieces, be shattered, bruised, 

split, clc. -20oc^a to crack. 
J^z:fD'^kJ> adijrata, s. Shaking, 

-J^tf^D^^ ad^ravuni, ^. -^^ {o/^B 

■do^), To shake, agitate. 
iecs^dj^) ad^runi (^S5), v.7t. To 

tremble, quake, 
eciri adaga, adz'. Then, at that 

time; c/. es^iX, ^t>X. 
- eddj^ adaruni, see ©S-do?). 

Jed^F^ adarpuni (©ci^), v. a. To 
cause to tremble. 2. to admon- 
ish, rebuke, reprove. 
e5rfs3<^2JCjO^ adal^badal^, s. Ex- 
change. -■rf:>^o^^ to exchange. 

Jesao^, e3Cj*D* adir^, ad^r^, s. 
A limit. 2. a boundary wall, 

>/^djdoc^ aduruni, see «5Sdo?i. 

^dxC^ adr^da s. Uncertainty, adj. 
Unstable, uncertain; bet.^^^- 

k5t:^^o adrijisya, adj. Invisible. 
Je5C^^ adr^shta, s. Fortune, fate. 
/^c3 ade, s. An inner room. 2. a 
small room. 

^d-S- adeki, 5. Kight of manage- 
ment of family-property ; also 
C:?!3e£i. — crooSo an heir, the 
head of a family elc. '-^^^^ 
the management or adminis- 
tration of the family-property 
to extend. 

ec30, e3djs€) adeli, adoli, s. A 
kind of chisel. 

ej5^0, s3dJ3eS adeli, adoli, s. 
Half an anna; £3jss?^z^ half 
a rupee, an eight anna piece. 

^cSe^S e3c3c=CT adekiji, adeka, see 

^j3^2^ adeca, see e?£ed, 55:2^. 
ei3j?)^r(^, ^[^^ri3adogati,adho- 

gati, s. Perdition. 
^dJS^dooiD adomukhi, s. Down- 
ward tendency. 2. the name 
of a female Bhiita. 
Mz!i-^ addana, ^. Weakness. 2. 
sickness. 3. affliction; 9^. epcg, 
j;^, ef)5T)^?i. — cTOoSo a weak <?r 
distressed man. 
Je5rf€s3)ci, ^c3j|0^c^ addalipuni, 
addolipuni (55^:^^"^ ^-%-)^ ^'- ^• 
To rebuke. 2. to" frighten. 
3. to command. 
^t^^ adpuni (^^), ^'. n. To go 
to stool, rig. 

^d>\ adbhu 


e3c5"5) ana 

55do,^ adbhuta, s. A phenomenon, 
miracle, wonder, adj. Wonder- 
ful, surprising. 

^a , adri s. A hill. 2. a tree. 

ad^^ adruni, ^^^ esSi^o^i. 

ed^?dadvana,^^^ «5:^?^. 
JeSii^ advana, :f^^ ©^^^J^. 

ad^^^ adveita, ^. The Vedanta sa- 
stra or the doctrinal system of 
Sankaracarya which regards 
the Supreme Spirit and the 
human spirit as one. 

aqSdo adhama, adj. Low, mean, 
vile. ©4^^ a low c/' vile person. 

^qi'-d adhika, adj. Much, great, 

e^p^^d adhikara, s. Authority, 
power. — ^ a head official; 
a governor; a man of power. 

e^r!^ adhipati, s. A ruler, lord, 

a^^^ adhlna, s. Possession, con- 
trol, adj. Dependent on. — ^ 
dependence, subjection. 

a^^^ adhlne, s. An adherent, 
a dependent. 

e^ojjp adheirya, ^. Discour- 
agement, timidity, cowardice. 

eq^oO^Or^ adhyayana, s. Study. 
2. the reading of sacred 

edo^^ adhyakshe, s. A superin- 
tendent, overseer. 2. a bishop, 

aqje)o oJo adhyaya, ^. Chapter, sec- 
tion; C/. ?iop. 

4^9^?^ adhvana,^. Labour. 

methodical effort, adj. Tired. 
2. weak. 3. wrong, spoilt. -c3d 
oSo a hard-working man. 

S3^o^ ananta, ^^'. Endless, infi- 
nite. ~^^ infinity. — ^odj^ 
Vishnu, as reclining on the 
coils of the king of serpents 
(asin Trivandrum). ©^cithe 
Infinite, God. 

a^o^d anantara, ^^^y.Afterwards. 

a^^ anapu, see ©c^4 

^^u^ anar^, see ©r®5. 

^^ri^F 'dmYgysi,adj. Very costly, 
priceless; /r. ^^^of. 

a^q^^ anartha, s. Bad fortune, 
calamity, disaster. 

e^^^, ^^^^ anavata, anavuta, s. 
Iniquity, transgression. — csd 
oSo a transgressor. 

e3c5'3ti5^d anacara, s. Violation of 
religious rules or practices. 
2. misconduct, transgression. 

^■^^ anatha, adj. Forlorn, help- 
less, destitute. ^^^4 one 
who is unprotected, helpless, 
an orphan. ^^^^ a widow, 
poor woman. 

a^^a SinMi,adj. Without begin- 
ning, everlasting, eternal. 

e5?3"S45^d anadhara, s. Without 
basis or support, want of 
protection, adj. Helpless, un- 

a^'sdOvB anamati, s. Deposit, any- 
thing entrusted. 2. all, the 
whole. 3. keeping in sus- 
pense; c/. e9^j5)?i^o. 

^^ ani 


e^rTOo anya 

?3^53 anile, i". Bud, sprout, germ. 
2. soft timber. — rfbodoj^ to 
bud, germinate. ^^^^6 a 
sprout from a seed. 

e^S3"^danivara,^. Trouble, hard- 
ship. 2. starvation. 

^^^ anishta, s. Something un- 
l^leasant. 2. adversity. 3. 

e^)C3 aniti, s. Injustice, wrong. 

afl> anu, pre/. After, like, under, 
along cU. 

^^o'aDv, anukala, see ©^oaj^. 

^^^i'uS)'^ anukula, s. Agreement. 
2. convenience. 3. help, aid. 
adj. Convenient, helpful. ~zy 
^^ to be convenient. — -^o^o^?) 
to make convenient, arrange. 

^?oO^;jor5=^ anukramanike, s. 
Arrangement, order. 2. an 
index, table of contents. 

iSri^ii 3o anuo^raha, s. Favour, 
regard, mercy, grace. 

^^:)^^ anutana, s. Opportunity, 
fitness, -^js^^ to watch for 
an opportunity. 

^c^oDn anudiua, cidz>. Daily. 

^?li3J=5^rf anupakara, s. Unkind- 
ness, disfavour. 

e^)J^4^ 3.nupatya, s. Indigence, 
necessity, need, want of maans. 
2. inconvenience. 

t5cdj2^d anubhava, s. Enjoyment, 
suffering 2. experience. 

€5r^oi:;iOQ3;c^, anubhavipuni, 7k a. 
To enjoy. 2. to experience. 

e?)jc^JS^r; anubhoofa, s. Enjoy- 

^nO^JvB anumati, s. Consent, 

^fdj^j^^ anumana, s. Doubt, sus- 
picion, conjecture, surmise. 
2. fear, ^^j^o^^ to doubt, sus- 

53cdjDc)ri anuraga, s. Love, regard, 

55?^jdJlsJ anurupa, s. Likeness, 

^^jd^sj anulepa, s. Anointing, 

^o^jdoS)i^anuvandige, 5-. Consent. 

^^jS3-3d anuvara, see ©^^s^-d. 

^?iO?u^d anusara, s. Imitation, 

following. —eyS according to. 

J^?oxi^, S5f2^^ anepini, anepuni 

(©^), V. a. To touch. 2. to 

hug, embrace. 

^N^c^ anevuni, see ^^^^. 

S5n^^ anska, adj. Much, many, 
J^^^^anpini (e^^j, v. a. To say, 
speak; of. ^o^^. rsj^^ etc. 

^^. anya, see esr®^. 

^^c; anya, adj. Foreign, diffe- 
rent, strange. 

^-^^^h anyajati, s. A different 
class or caste. — crooSo a per- 
son of a different caste or 
creed, a stranger. 

e5Noc3^2i anyadesa, s. A foreign 

55?^ 2p^5§ anyabhashe, s. A foreign 

e5?^.^;jjN^anyamanya, sec ^t^^^^t^- 

e^oOJj anyaya, s. Injustice, 

e5c5J?^^ anyo 


e^^ api 

wrong, iniquity, adj. Unjust, 
unreasonable. — crooSo an un- 
just person. 

es^JJo^F^-^ any6nya,-y. Communion, 
fellowship, friendship. 

^^j apa, pre/, denoting inferio- 
rity, privation, separation, 
contrariety eU\; also e?^- 

^sj^e)d apakara, s. An unkind- 
ness, ill-turn, injury. 2. ma- 
lice, hatred. 

esj^^3r apakirti, s. Reproach, 
disgrace, infamy. 

e^ri apaga, adv. Then; also 

^3iea^d apacara,^. Impoliteness, 
insult. 2. fault. 

^t>tiOi) apajaya, s. Defeat, over- 
throw, loss. 

S5sicj apaddha,^-. Alie; ^^^^20^^. 

^^^o-^fi apanambige, s. Unbe- 
lief, distrust. 2. disbelief. 

^jj^j^c^ apamana, s. Disrespect. 
2. disgrace, --s^o^o^^ to dis- 

^3jd apara, ^^^y. Other, opposite, 
latter. — -^oSo funeral rites. 

esJD^o^, esJD^3o^ aparanna, 
apardhana, s. Afternoon. 

^t^UDZ^ aparadha, s. Offence, 
guilt. 2. a punishment, fine. 
— T^jsLr^ to pay a fine. —^00 
S3;)4r'i, _^t)t:^o^ to accuse of a 
crime, to condemn. —-^^^^^ 
to commit an offence, to 
transgress; to fine. 

^t.Q:::)3 aparimita, adj. Un- 
measured, boundless, infinite. 

e53JdJ3sJ, ^^sj aparupa, apru- 
pa, adj. Rare, uncommon. 2. 
scarce. ad7'. Seldom, rarely. 

e33iS3'sc5 apavada, s. Censure, 
blame. 2. a false accusation. 
3. exception (to a rule). 

^jtj^i apavitra, adj. Unclean^ 

e^sisi^o^ apasakuna, s. A bad 

^sJ2)2o apasabda, s. Ungram- 
matical language, a vulgar 
expression . 2 . bad pronuncia- 

^trJD-^ apasaksi, s. False wit- 
ness, perjury. 2. a false wit- 

^t>7i d apasvara, s. A discordant 
sound, hoarse voice. 

^sj;=j-?,d apasmara, s. Convul- 
sions, epilepsy. 

esJsdO^^) apaharipuni (ss^^S), 
T. a. To take by violence, to 
usurp, plunder, rob, extort. 

^s^oo^d apahara, s. Usurpation, 

^ta^-^-^r. apahasya, s. Derision, 

^50^^ apatra, «^'. Unworthy, 
undeserving, unfit. ®^i) an 
unworthy person. 

e5^^o:^j apaya, s. Danger, peril. 
2. misfortune, calamity. 

^5jDd apara, adj. Boundless, 

^^^doo aplmu, see 55^?^o. 

^^^o* apili^, ^. An appeal. 

e^ apu 



^^^0 aputu,^^". Quite, entire, 

^Z^^F apurva, adj. Unprece- 
dented, uncommon. 
^^e^^ apekshe, s. Wish, desire. 
2. expectation, hope. — 1:50^0^^, 
ef)^?-S;^^^ to desire, wish, re- 
^4'^^C) apoli, s. Euin, waste. 
J^s:^ appa, t'nl. of surprise: c:^^ 
essi^whatmayitbe! 2. a mode 
of calling a mother. 
-/€5sj appa, an affix of respect 
added to proper names of 
men, as ^'^^^'^■> ^'^^-, 20:^^, 
^l>oc"rf^, e/c. 
V ^t> appa, ^. A kind of cake 
fried or baked. 
e5^o3^o3j, es^oi appantaye, 
appante, s. An honest, respect- 
able man, a good man. 
^^o-Sri appantige, s. Honesty, 
fidelity, chastity, 
^^z:>.-d appada, see ®^^- 
vj^sicl appane, s. Command, or- 
der. 2. permission, leave. —^^^ 
hr^ to command, give order, 
permit. — r3^js^r©o^ to take 
J^z"j 5315, appappi, t'nL of sur- 
prise, sorrow. [cake. 

s/^^^ appala, s. A very thin round 

J e53^^^c^ appalipuni (s^^*^), ^'. a. 
To strike anything with the 
open hand, to squash. 

J e^o^jo^ appiyuni (s??^), 7'. a. To 
embrace, clasp; ^/^d? ^'^^ 

J53^^=CT^, ^35^^ appukei, appei, s. 
Folding the arms on the 
breast. ~3j^ ^, _^j»wo^?) to 

_^ to 

cross or fold the arms on 

the breast. 
n/^s5 appe, ^.-'Mother. 2/an affix 

of respect added to proper 

names of men (as ^7(f^ 

ek.)- c/.^^. 
e^^, ^^^^^ appo, appode, s. 

A cake made for the per^ 

formance of funeral rites. 
^^"o^^ aprakasa, Absence of 

light, darkness. 2. obscurity, 

3. secrecy. 
eslsSo^oSj aprameye, s. God, the 

^goSjs^tiF^ apraydjana, s. Use^ 

lessness, unserviceableness. 
^^^2oriaprojige, J". A bad man, 

^^^djo, e5a,j^^ aphimu, aphini, 
s. Opium. 

^20 aba, tnL of astonishment. 

^eocs^abadijL, s. Iloof; also ^-dsoS. 
_?yD5croo3j a person with a cleft 
foot (a kind of deformity). 
y^z^d abade, s. A kind of bean, 

e32od abaddha, adj. False, incor- 
rect, wrong. —zj^!§-d a false 
word, —■^^'•^ji,^ false news 
or rumours. 

^5200 abara,i'. The stern of a ship. 
>/e5to6 abar^, j. A common coun- 
try bean, Lablab vulgaris. 

?52j^ abala, adj. Weak, impotent, 

^20^3 abale, ^. A weak or impo- 
tent man. 

^e^) abi 


55 tp abhi 

^z^o^r^ abindige, s. Perplexity. 

2. obstinacy. 
e^^^j-^T^ abiUse, see ^2?^x)A. 

a^oodo aburu, s. Character, res- 
pectability, keen feeling of 
honour; ef. e9^^o-dj, e?aDOTJo. 
— c3do5j a respectable man. 
^^4^^ to dishonour, rebuke. 
^:^ ©eioTJj crooSoK why are you 
so overbearing? 25?e£)20o-do dis- 
respect, dishonour. 

i3Zdo6jij^d aburoni, s. A kind of 
fish. 2. see efdj^j?^?. 

s^e5^^, ^23oJoj^ abepuni, abeyu- 
ni (^22), z'. a. To beat or 
pound rice; also^^^zi^?^. ^ 
d05o e55, e)£5£^ 595 rice well 
cleared of its husk. 

ee3^?j^ab3si^, ml. Lift up ! pull! 
an intimation that anything 
is ready to be lifted up, e.g", 
a basket or a bucket from a 
well elc. 

^20,, ^w^zo,, e323js,^abba,abbabba, 
abbo, t'nt expressing wonder 
or grief. • 

^2o^j^C3i?)d7^abbagedarage, 5*. The 
proper names of female 
demon twins. 
^O2o^d, ^eo^dclabbara, abbarane, s. 
Boast, ostentation. 2. sound, 
noise, cry. ~-^d^\^, — "^^^ii 
^, ©s^s^?i to cry aloud, 
make noise; to frighten; to 

^zxOA (^) abbalige (pu), s. A 
kind of flower. 

N/bzi abbe, s. An elderly woman, 
^Ei^?^ abbesa, s. Study, prac- 
tice, exercise. 2. familiarity ; 

e^eSj^^r^ di abroni dei, s. A kind 
of shrub, Grewia microcos ; 
also e520o-!5j3er5. 

es^oioabhaya,^. Security. 2. pro- 
mise of protection or pardon. 
3. confidence. 

S52p^s^ abhava, s. Non-existence. 

2. annihilation. 3. a negative 


J^z^DTs) abhasa, adj. Worthless, 

vulgar. 2. corrupt; /r. ^z^tj. 

^tpt^rf abbijana, s. A family, race. 

^p^ abhina, s. Mimicry. 2. ges- 
ture; also ef)£p^odo. 

e"^)^ abhine, s. A mimic. 

^tpsq^ojo abhipraya, s. Design, 
intention. 2. wish. 3. opinion. 

^^sjjs^ abhimana, s. A keen 
feeling of honour, pride. 2. 
regard, affection. 

etpO£)^abhilashe,^. Desire, wish, 

^tpd\a abhivri^ddhi, s. Increase, 
prosperity. 2. progress, thriv- 
ing, improvement. 

e^^^^ abhisheka, s. Sprinkling 
with water. 2. consecration 
by pouring oil, ghee elc. 3. 
unction. Ti&ra^Ep^?^', UD3iD£p4o^ 
the coronation of a king ; Xo 
•doe9cps^et5^ the ordination of a 
priest. -T^o^o^^ to anoint, 
ordain, install. 

^zid abhu 


edox amr^x 

e52jJjdo abhuru, see eseDo-do. 

e32;^oo^d abhyantara, s. An inter- 
val. 2. delay, vexation. 3. 
obstacle. 4. offence, scandal. 
— t?Ej?)tobe an impediment, to 
be delayed, —^^j^hr^, —^^^^ 
to binder, object, offend, vex. 

e52p^^?o abhyasa, see ^d^^Ti. 

^^0=^ amake, s. A tendril; 2. a 
>/ e^or?, ^sjj^, amani, amani, s. 

A nipple ; -^Iso w^^i. 
v'e^s^j^^ amapuni,^. ^. To quiet, 
press down; see ©^035^). 

e3^0D* amar^, 

Twin. 2. 

double. — 23s«3'5^o twin cbildren. 

e^jjd amara, V7<//'. Immortal, s, 
A deity. 2. an immortal. — ^^ 
immortality. — e^js?^ heaven. 

^5Jod=^J5^55 amarakosa, ^. The 
name of a Sanskrit dictionary 
of synonyms. 
-^^s^jD"?)^^^ amaravuni (s9doD;)), 
z'.a. To push forward. ^2. to 
hold fast. 

555^00?^ amarige, s. A heap; also 
oSo^jDt^. — itdtSo^ to heap up. 

e3ooOoi3!)aamariyadi, s. Disres- 
pect, incivility, dishonour. 
adj. Disrespectful. 

as^jOoJoj^, ^rfjdjo^ amariyuni, 
amaryuni («?s^j^), t'.w. To ag- 
gress. 2. to cleave to. 
J ^^^iC:^^ amaruni (^■^^),v.?i. To 
become quiet, calm. 7'. a. To 
settle, seize, touch, hold. 

e5S^o6 amare, s. A ditcli, canal. 
— seL^o to make a ditch, dike. 

53do^r amarta, see e?^^^. 

e5do?^■^^s3)^) amarsavuni (©^ 
?feF), ^. ^. To frighten. 

^zScikT^, ^zi:)rj^Ft) amarsila, 
amarsala, s. Brimstone. 

^dj23^ amaliji, s. Intoxication, 
drunkenness, giddiness. — =#j3? 
■5, — odoSj a drunkard, -^tj^^, 
— o3o?-do^ to be intoxicated. 
— -rfj^o^?) to intoxicate. 

^5^j?:oC^ amasani, see ^^oorir3. 
7?3sJo?^d amasara, s. Necessity. 
2. urgency. 3. hurry e/. ^^ 
Ti-d. _^^o^^ to hasten, be in 
a hurry. 

^;^Je)N3^ amanati^, s. Deposit. 
2. suspension. — -rfj^o^r:) to sus- 

e3SJJe)Drl amarige, s. x\ trunk. 
^^^jscij^ amaruni (^^j^S), 7.'. a. 
■^To suit, fit. ^2. to embrace, 
hold. V3. a plant to twine. 

e^J5)r3, ^dJ9S3^?o amase, ama- 
vase, ^. The day of the new 

eDo^ amita,rt;^'. Iitimeasurable, 
boundless, infinite. 

e^^j^N amine, s. A sheriff's 
officer; see ^^i^t, 

es^jo^r^ amusani, 5. Pride, arro- 
gance, insolence, haughtiness. 
— ifjse3i^4^ to show pride. —'^^ 
^^t^ to be proud. 

esioJSe;^ amulya, adj. Costly, 

^Jzixi amr^ta, adj. Immortal, s. 
Nectar, ambrosia. 2. different 

s3j ame 


eu ara 

fluids as water, milk, palm- 
wine etc. — 3X)a3j a custard- 
apple. —'^s6 Anona squamo- 
sa^ the custard apple tree, 
_20j?;do Cocculus cordifoUus^ 
the heart-leaved moon-creeper 
—•^4-^ the mythical churning 
of the sea for nectar. ~-^^o 
sweet words or speech. — ^^, 
ef)s^j^g immortality; cf. 59do-d^9,. 

>/^do ame, s. Ceremonial impurity 
or defilement in case of 

^^t5do^^, esJ03^3J^^ amepuni, 

amatijipattuni (es^), v. a. To 

press, hold in the arms, hug. 

^sSo^c^o amedhya, ^^. Faeces, 

^sSJS^ri amoga, adj. Precious, 

excellent. 2. fruitful. 
^^^o=a^oSo amcikayi, see esdo^^ 

-v^sio, amma,J. Alady. 2. mother. 

^. gen. of °^^^^' 
tssjoj,?^ ammuni (^^^^), 'V-a- To 

swallow, devour. 
^^0, amme, see ^o-Bo. 
^do?^ amsani, ^^^ s9^oj?jf^. 

^0^0 aya, see S9o3oo. 2. good luck. 
3. a tax. 

^oJOc^ ayana, ^. Going. 2. a path. 
3. a half year, that is the 
course of the sun northward 
and southward — from solstice 
to solstice — each of six 

^o5ooC3«) ayinda, adv. Hereafter, 
in future. 

^o5jrio^o ayigulu, see sdXo^j. 

eo5os ayita, s. Readiness. 2. 
decoration; also sd;^. —-^^\^ 
to dress. — e?L^^ to be dressed, 

550^0^^ ayinij, see so^. 

^O5jeoo ayibu, see SDeio. 

^o5j^2o ayivaji, see sd^^. 

^o:^jo^ ayukta, ^i^//'. Improper, 

^oJoo^ ayuta, ^22/;;^. Ten thou- 
sand, a myriad. 

^oS-Q^rir. ayog-ya, adj. Unfit, un- 
worthy disreputable. —^ un- 
fitness, unworthiness, disre- 

e5o3j9^q5o ayodhya, s. The capital 
of Rama, the modern Oude. 

^oJOo ayya, see ©^So^. 

550Jjo^ ayyappa, ^*/2/. of pain. 

^oJOo^ ayyala, ^. Five seers. 

>/eo3oQ ayye, ^. A priest, minister, 
teacher, master. Voc.^^xion sir. 
Plur. esoSoo^ gods, Brahmins; 
an afiix of respect added to 
proper names; see 55^. 
^ofooD^ ayyer^, sez sd^5. 
53o3onO* ayyelu, s. Five pairs of 
oxen or buffaloes. 

'y55o3jSo^ ayyo, ^>2^. of grief. Oh,* 
ah, alas, woe. When feeling 
annoyed, dear me^/^sodonoS^o? 
hit. of grief, pain. 

^S5d ara, s. A file. — ^ ^^0 the 
teeth of a file. -ijdtI:^ to file, 
rasp. Xocc^TJ a round file. 

^d ara 


^D ara 

^do=5c)Sj^ arankavuni, see esejo 

V erfoeJj^ arantuni (5£)tjoI3), z^. a. To 
grope for, grasp. 2. to seek, 
look for. 

vyedo^s3 arantele, ^. A greedy 
person, a miser. 

J^6oid arantade, ^. A royal re- 
sidence; c/. 651^^0^. 

s/s3do^o^arantuni(s5TJo^),?:'. :?^. To 
feel, grope. 2. to grasp at. 
^dozoo^ arambuni (€9tjo^), v. a. 
To touch. 2. to climb, creep 
up (plants); also ^T^oozdo^. 
e5d^^ arak^, s. Arrack, country 
spirit ; c/. Xo X ?iTJ, ud^. 

J^d^^ arakiji, ^. Gum-lac, sealing- 
wax ; ^^— , ^jaoeoo— stick-lac ; 
^5— black sealing-wax; ^o^— 
red sealing-wax; ^■sS— seed- 
lac; 83^- shell-lac. -a?b^, 
—zj^Tio^ to seal, fasten with 
^^i'S^ arak^, ^. A fine, white 
cloth ; also ?3^^ ^xi^. 

^d=5^l^^'' arak^teliji, ^. A large 

black scorpion, scolopendra. 
^^i'ao^ arakali^, see ©^r^. 

>/^d'aarake, adj. Half filled (^//>. 
(^Z' ^>^^ full). 

.^ds5^, e3dsjj arakh\jL, arakhu, s. 
Essence or spirit distilled 
from any thing; c/. ©"d^. 
e5dr(r? aragani, j. Kitchen fur- 

ied^^£^ aragini, s.A talking par- 

J rot.^. a neat or tidy woman. 

^dh^?^^ aragls^, adv. However, 
at any rate; tn connection 
with neg. verbs by no means, 
never; Q'oSo ©-dTx^oJ ^o^oSo he 
will never do it. 

yidrlo aragu, see esTj^. 

6d?ioou^d aragundara, s. Ruin; 
also A0oz3^co(d. 

ib5€^:,'^ aratuni (spt^O), 7'. t^.^To 

7 scramble, fumble.^, to make 
a grating noise. 3.^0 inter- 
rupt, blab; also^^^r^. 

J^deS arate, s. Prate, blabbing, 
tattle; also ^^^63. 
^6dd^ araduni (^^r^S), ^. a. To 

/ gather up, to grasp. A. to rub. 
53dd=S"i)05jaradekayi, sec ^^^^oso. 

>/^:i^ arane, s. The green lizard, 
Lacerta interpunctuala^ said 
to be poisonous; 59-ds5 ;^E£^o-rf 
^"dr© if a lizard bites death 
(is certain), —soja^do a kind of 
creeper used in medicine. 
— ^je)^ a kind of fish. 
^dr?o aranya, s. A wilderness, 

forest. ^^'. Wild. 
e5d3 arati, ^. Anger, passion; 

ybdi, 55dc3 arate, arade, ^. Heat, 
burning. 2. impetuosity. — t^ 
e3 burning heat; epT^^oii fe^d 
^^^F^ to burn very much or 

§3dd^, 55dc3«)55 aradala, aradale, 
s. Yellow arsenic or yellow or- 
piment. -"^^ yellow ochre. 

^dcSc^ araderu, J. />/. A class of 

^:i ara 


S3D^ ara 

Mohammedan merchants. 2. 

policemen, peons; also "^tj^B. 
^d^-^D aranari, see esiSfroa, 

Jed^, ^6t>z^^ arapu, arapeli^, ^. 

^d^^§ arapucce, 3". The shoe- 
flower; see cro?j^. 

-/ed^Q^arapuni (S5^), ^'.?2. To cool, 
become calm ; £3ei e5TJs^^ to 
become cool. 

^d35 arape, j. A crack, split; 
c/. ^a^. 

^d2od 3^^) arabara tinpini, v. a. 
To eat greedily, devour. 
v/^d23^o5o, s3d^2)^ arabayi, arabei, 
s. Violent clamour, crying 
aloud, lamentation. — t^jsS^r?), 
^^fj-e^^Jtocry out vehemently, 
to bawl out, lament. —^ ^£j 
a braying brawler, z'l^. 

^dt^) arabi, ^. An Arab. 

^dzoo arabu, s. Covetousness, 
desire, eagerness for gain. 

^d2o)^ arabei, see ©T5d^. 

^d^jouao^aramadal^, see s9t5^c^6. 
>/^d^^ aramane, s. A palace, 
royal residence. 

^^^^ aralu, ^. Drizzling rain. 
-8!)?3io^ to drizzle. 
~^^^^o£^ aralunl, s. The black 

J^6^jP aralunl (^i^^), z'. n. To 
open, expand. 2. to bloom, 

^d53j?;^$5 aralole, s. A tender 
palm-leaf. 2. a kind of ear- 

-'^dd arava, ^. Tamil, -ejro^. the 

Tamil language, — rS?^ the 

Tamil country. 
eddoeif^, e5dd!3?^ aravantige, 

aravatige, s. A shed where 

water is served gratuitously 

to travellers. 
^ds^s:^or? aravamani, ^. A kind of 

edS3Dro aravlsi, see ^S^^. 
53dsJ aravu, ^. Width, breadth. 

adj. Wide, open. 
e5ds^^aravuni(®^),'6'.^. To heap 

^^k^'^d^, ^dro^sjoood arasina- 

kutta, arasinamunda, ^. The 

v^sdi^o arasu, ^. Aking, monarch. 

-tJ'oo a royal family. —^^ 

royalty, kingship. —t^o-R a 

king's son, royal prince. 
^^^o'^j^ arasukutta, s. A kind 

of dropsy. 
^d?oo^jO arasukuri, s. A car- 
buncle; also eOcSoAe;, z^7\o-ci<sj. 
•^^d?2 arase, see ^^Tio. 
e^d^o^ araluni, see ©dc/o^. 
^c^te=5* arajaka, ^^'. Kingless. 

s. Anarchy, confusion. 
$SD^e^ arabi, adj. Broad, large, 

extensive. — ^^ a very large 

^©■^Oo ar ami, <3;<^'. Unlawful. 2. 

vicious, restive, /. i. a horse; 

also ^x:i)^o. 
530^53) aravu, see ss^d^. 
^DD^^ aravuni (^^), 7.'.^. To 

gather. 2. to embrace, clasp 


^D^ ara 


^::^ am 

in the arms. ^^S t>^^ to 

embrace or receive with open 

J^Uz)V^ aral^ (eprS-e??"), s. A person 

doing half a clay's work. 2. 

half a day's wages. 
^0 ari, s. An enemy. 
y^O ari, 6\vtlice freed from husk. 

Some of the principal kinds 

of rice are : ©oaoci ©a, esaS^i 

S^e^^OS^b, !J>)SFrf5, =^j3^=^cd&, AOC^ 

&»&, £5j3^0^ ©5, d^^D, ^?Ji^n5, 

any small grain, /. /. t^^^^. 
3. the testicles. 

e5S=^ej> arikala, s. A place for 
husking rice; also eo-ds^o. 
J 550=^ arike, ^.^ Consent. 2. con- 
fession. 3. request, ^li^^o^^ 
to reveal, confess; to inform, 
represent; to request. 

eDA^-/ ariglsijL, see £9tj?\5c3. 

^D^J5^°^ arijola, s. Indian corn, 
Sorghum saccharatum. 

^OvB ariti, see ^h'^. 

^bci^ aridala, see «5drf«<. 
v/e50c^c^aripuni (55&), v,a. To sift. 

2. to strain, filter. 
>/e5D35 aripe, J. A sieve, colander, 
strainer ; "^^"^ a leak (in an 
earthen vessel). 

e50odj ariya, sec «5oc!or. 

S3DoJJo^ ariyantra,. .y^^ es^odoo 



^Oodsio^ ariyuni, ^^^ e£)odoor^. 

Ve5&S3^c^ arivana, ^. A metal dish ; 

also Sc&^ror®. 
eD^ arive, ^^6' «^^r. 
^05S^. arishta, s. Misfortune, 

misery. adj. Unfortunate ; 

^0^, arishte, ^. An unfortunate 

man, a poor man, a person 

in distress. 
sfodj aru, s. Brim, edge, margin, 

border. ^i^^^J^ to reach the 

shore, to land; to get oat of a 

difficulty, to be successful; 

of. ©-doAO. 

^dooeoj^ arumbuni, see £9do80o?>w 

•]^t:ii\:> arugu, s. Verge, brink, 
border, margin; of. esdo. 
edo2^ aruci, .y. Want of appetite* 

e5djr3 aruna, adj. Purple-colour- 
ed, s. The name of the rising 
N^rfo^ arupu, see esdo^. 

53dj20jd arubuda, see s£)20ord. 

^djSjjoeS, arumutte, s. The gills 
of a fish. 

^do;l)oSo3jsdj^ arumuriyoduni 
(e5do^ix)&oSjs5), V. n. To weep 
with loud lamentation and 
Je5djd aruve, s. The mouth of 
a river, a seaport; also ©v^o^. 
— d COTES' a bar, the entrance 
to a harbour. 

^dosS aruve, see s?^r. 

y^do3oJ aruhu, ^. Knowledge. 2. 
understanding, perception. 

^do aru 


^6 are 

Jedo'^jdorfo^j arulumarulu, adj. 
Foolish, simple, childish. 

edJ33d, ^6j^^ arupa, arupu, adj. 
Formless, invisible. 2. de- 
formed, ugly. 
>/t56 are, s. Half, a moiety; <^. 
e9t^r. -eyfhalfa man's height. 
Jt56o2;^j^ arencuni (©t5o2^), ^.^. 
To rub off, peel, skin. 

^6o22D^^ arenjavuni, cv. {of 
©^osio^), To cause to deny. 
2. to hide away. 

^doz^o^ arenjuni (e5x5o^), v. a. 
To deny, gainsay. 2. to 
conceal; cf. ^6oddo^. 

e6oe£s3 arenjele, i". A denier, 

'e36o^d arentele, see ^tjo^6. 
e6^r5§^ arekannu, s. A half sight, 

an imperfect glance. 2. squint 

eyes. 3. eyes partly closed. 
^d^'srJ arekani, s. The hundred 

and twenty-eighth part of any 

S56=a'30Sj arekayi, adj. Half ripe; 

also ^?j7\^03o. [part. 

^6vDO^ arekal^, s. The eighth 
y^^'i areke, see ^tj^. 
^d^^JsdoO^ arekodyel^, s. Half 

salted or insufficiently season- 
ed dish. 
■esdriob^ areganti^, s. A loose knot ; 

2. half a load, a small bundle. 
■^6ri'^^ aregala, J. The hot season, 

adei^ arecatte, adj. Half dead. 

2. reduced, thin, lean. 

^dzi^ arecappe, adj. Tasteless, 

^6t3s)vS arejati, adj\ Half-caste, 

mongrel, mixed. 
eds^j^sj arejiva, s. lit. Half the 

life; the state of being half 

-/s36do^ areduni (S5^S), v. a. To 

spoil, corrupt, mar, taint. 

2. to destroy, ruin. 
^6(^^ aredala, see &T5a^. 

^d^aiS arenari, s. A person 
dressed partly as a male and 
partly as a female. 

^6^d2;^o5j arenalayi, s. A stam- 
mering tongue. 

^6^6^° arenirel^, s. A slight 
shadow. 2. an imperfect 

^6^^^^ arepalu, s. Half a share, 
half part ; — 7nst5 a partner 
or shareholder entitled to half 
a share. 

^6^D^ arepavu, s. One half of 
a quarter, one-eighth of a 
/^6^D^^ arepavuni, e. v. {of 
55^^^), To cause to grind. 
2. to cause to submit; to sub- 
-/^d^^), ^6^^ arepini, arepuni 
(sf)^), V. a. To pulverize by 
pounding or grinding. Ifg- 
to oppress. ^^^ ^^ , ^^^ ^^ 
a grinding stone. 
^^6^, ^dsSo^ arepu, arepeli^, ^. 
The act of grinding. 2. that 

^6 are 


^liF arga 

which is ground for condi- 

e620ot3 arebanji, h'L Half the 
stomach, adj. Half fed, not 
satisfied, deficiently fed. 

^6z^odi arebanda, adj. Half cook- 

e5623c)o5o arebayi, see ©x^ecroaso. 

^61^6^ arebirel^^i, h'L Half a 

finger (measure), s. About 

half an inch. 
e6e3i^ arebei, s. Twice thrashed 

^dsjoc^o^ aremadaly, s. A leaf 

of a palmyra. 2. one half of 

a cocoa-palm-leaf. 



aremanas^, Itf. Half 

mindedness. s. Indecision. 

2. reluctance. 
^6zS:>^^F aremarl^,^. Craziness, 

weakness of intellect, adj. 

Half mad. 
^6sJv?S3J^ aremapalai s. A small 

wild fruit, Randia longi- 

e^ddooo^ aremunde, s. A widow, 

whose head has not been 

e6;Sv)05o arejneyi, adj. Reduced 

in body, lean, thin. 2. half 

inclined, half minded. 
.e^ds'c)^ arevasi, s. A half part, 

a moiety. 
e6oi3'5^ areyal, s. An honorary 

name given to a section of the 

Bant caste. 
4 e^DJjo^i, ^dsjc^ areyuni, arevuni, 

see ^h^. 

7^=^rarka, s. The sun. 2/si crys- 
tal. 3. a shrub, called also 
the yakkamale (o:5o^^^:5ie3). 

^^Foco arkanji, ^. Swill, dish- 
water, the washings of rice 
elc. — ^^ different kinds of 
leaves chopped and mixed 
with straw and boiled in a 
swill for feeding cattle with. 

^"^F^ arkatl, see ^^fB. 

^"^Fd arkade, s. Sunset. 
/^=5^FsSo arkame, s. ^''A strong de- 
y sire, eagerness. v2. indigestion, 

^^r=^F arkarkaj^^^v. By degrees. 
~S^^ to eat repeatedly. 2. 
to gulp down. 
Je3^F23^, ^=3'fs?^ arkal\i, arkalix, 
s. A knot, tie. — sjd^^ to tie, 
make a knot, —^^r^ to loosen 
a knot, to untie. 

^^F^^, ^=§FO^ arkil^ji, arkel^, ^. 
A handful. 200^ ^^f6 d^ 
=#jsar give (me) a handful of 
J^=s^jF^ arkuni (ss^f), v. n. To 
become less. 2. to be humbl- 
ed, depressed. 

^T?F arke, see es'd^. 
-les^FZOJSdj arkeburu, see ©^^ 

^rlFob* arg^antiji, s. Determina- 
tion, resolution. 2. obstinacy; 
3. malice. — odoSj an obsti- 
nate man. —^^0^?) to per- 
severe in obstinacy. 

e^riFo^argapte, s. A resolute or 
obstinate person. 

e3hr ar^i 


^i^F arbi 

y^hrC)odoo^, «5hre;j^?^ argiliyuni, 

^, argilyuni (e9T\re3, ©7\r6), v. n. 

To loathe, be disgusted, ©"^r 

^5 ^^^ to eat with aversion. 

^W^TT^^ ar^isTj, see s9d?\eoJ. 
v/^rijrs3 argule, s. Loathsome- 
ness. 2. disgust, aversion. 

^f\7- arge, ^^^ ^5/^. 

^d'd'F^ arcake, s. A worshipper. 
2. a priest. 

^dr^ arcane, s. Worship, ado- 

Q52^r^^) arcipuni, zk a. To wor- 
ship. V. n. To officiate as a 

^EuParJi,^. Petition, representa- 
tion ; complaint. — totS a peti- 
tioner. — ^jsS^F^ to present a 
petition ; 59^r ^jsScrf ^oeSr 
^^Oj when the petition is 
presented it will be favour- 
ably considered. 

^E3r^ arjita, see efsBr;^. 

^^djr^ arjune, s. The third son 
of Panclu (so^ocli). 
J^\^^7'^ artuni, see efj^jwo^. 
s5C^or^ arduni, ^^^ ©tiJt^o^. 
^^r arta, see ^4^. 
s/evBr arti, s. An amusement, 
sport, fun. 2. novelty, curios- 
ity. 3. fondness. — c3do3o a 
merry man, a person given 
to pleasure. —ij&zm)^^ to 
please, amuse; to fondle. 
V^vBf arti, i". The wild fig tree, 
Ficus racemosa. — 3>)O30 an 
unripe wild fig. 

>^^q^r artha, s. Gain, wealth, 
riches, ^^/. money. 2. mean- 
ing. — ^f^^ to explain, inter- 

^dr^ ardala, see ©^rf^. 

^rs'SFodo ardaya, i". Half the gain. 

^^^^tT^ arduni (^Sr), v. a. To 
wash <?/- bleacli clothes. 

^qSr ardha, ^. Half, a moiety; 

^/. ^^- [tion. 

^z^7o^ ardhaSsa, s. A half por- 

e^oiFra, 55n^c^ arnana, arnana, s. 
A male Pariah (also^oziF^^y 

easJFC^ arpada, s. Small-pox; 
also — T§jseA. —a ^6 a pock- 
mark. ^<^ ^rz^ a kind of 
small-pox which leaves scars 
or marks. 

^sJFcl arpane, s. An offering. 
_^o^«x?i to offer. 
v'fesj^Fy arpata, s. Lamentation. 

^hF^ arpita, adj. Presented, 

offered. [cry. 

y^ooF^ arpini (®^), ^'. :?2. To weep, 

^^F^^), s5^F?jo^arpipuni, arpi- 

suni (©^F, es^Ffj), z/. ^. To 

dedicate, offer. 

Ve^F^ arpuni (^^), v. a. To 

efface, waste, obliterate; of, 

v^35F$3arpeie, i". A fretful person. 
2. one easily moved to tears. 
S5s2^FrO arpesi, ^^^ ©d^?-^. 
^z:^v^ arbata, ^^^ e?^FW. 
^e3s)F0Sj arbayi, see ©t^ej^oso. 
J^'CjF arbi, i-XWater collected in 
an elevated place. 2. drizzl- 

55 2^0 r arbu 


530^ aliji 

ing rain. vC-S-e^o^ water to 
fall in broken streams over 
a small height. —Seo^^ water 
to run out, to fall in broken 

^2oor arbu, s. Stinginess, ava- 
rice. — ^oyo^^ to covet, desire, 
long. — croo3o a greedy man. 

^ZddF^, ^z:>dFdi arbuta, arbuda, 
see s£)c^o^. 

ewj^^d arbuda, ?^2^//^. Ten crores, 
100 millions. 

^2oord6js^r\ arbudaroga, s. Dif- 
ferent swellings, especially 

^s^jo rd armbude, s. A skull-cap 
made of the spathe or cap- 
sular bark of the areca palm 
and worn by a class of Pariahs 
(called ■^d:RTjy^. 

^OJor arya, ^. A small earthen 
vessel ; c&)oi!rfodor an oil-pot. 

e50JjF^ aryana, see ^o^r®. 

^odooF^ aryuni (^^), v. n. To 
-1 ooze, drip. 2rto flow, run, as 
water; also ^Dojjj^. 

^o^F^oo^F arl^marliji, see ^t^o^o 

e5^F aria, s. Half a seer. 
J e3^JF^ arluni (©^r), 7,-. n. To 

burn, blaze. 2. to smart; 

ef ojo ^jse^? efxs^oFo-rf:) h't his face 

is burning, t. e. he is very 

?553j?)^Fe> arlole, s. A kind of fish. 
^^Fi^, ^zjFd arvatte, arvade, s. 

A man's sister's son. 2. a 


/93^F arve, s. A cloth; an old 
rag. ^ocyj!i^^r a piece of 

°3dr arve, see ^-doS, ©^o^. 

^?oFo:l arsande, s. Eejection; 
disrespect; making light of. 

S3?oFO±), 53?^i•■t)Fojo arsaya, arsaya, 
s. A certain festivity ^?' cere- 
mony. :^cT^;^roc5o the ceremony 
of leaping over burning coals, 
performed by devil-dancers 
or dasaiyas (cDxiodon). 

55?o'3F5j^ arsavuni, see ^t^f^^. 

S5?o^Fs3 arseve, see es^jrxso. 

v^a^o^JOd, ^o^o^OJcl al^mbuda, 
ali^mbude, s. The castor-oil 
plant. -o-jj^^oeoozS a smaller 
kind, called Ricuius commu- 

/as;^o23 alijimbe, J. Suffering. 2. 
550^0 23^4 c^ al^mbevuni, ^<?^ ^^o 

^o^Oi^zi alijimbliava, s. Satisfac- 
tion, contentment. 2. experi- 
ence, knowledge; see e5?^o^^. 

^o^oS^^Oo^^ al^mbbavipuni {^ 
6o8^,S)), V. n. To feel satisfied, 
content. 2. to experience, en- 
joy, suffer, to be vexed. 

^^^^^ al^k^, see e?^^. 

^^^T^ ali^g^, see epcjFv. 

^^^f\ al^ge, ^. A kind of drum. 

eo^Q^)^ al^ipucce, j. A pole- 

^a^l3 ali^be, ^^ Frail, fragile. 

2. weak, puny, thin. 

^v ala 



/^^o=5^ alanki^, s/An armadillo. 
2. a kind of fish. 

^^o^^ alank^, s. The dried 
oil-plant oi Sesamum Indtcum 
or jinjili seed. 

S5s;o^0^^ alankaripuni (5£)e;o^a), 
v.a. To adorn, decorate. 

S5e;o^^d alankara, s. Ornament, 
decoration. 2. beauty. — a^^. 
v'e3^ou^s^^ alankavuni, c. 7). {of 
efxyo^o^), To cause to shake, 
to shake. 2. to perturb, con- 
>/^oo=s'o^, ^^;orio^ alankuni, alan- 
guni (e5<s;o^, ssaoK), ^. ^.V To 
shake, agitate, wave, move. 
2. to strike or knock against, 
trip up. v.n:f^Q agitated. 
^e;c^ ?)eS agitated water. 

^e;or1 alanga, s. A rampart. 

^s^oeJo^ alantuni, see ssuJoyo^. 

53^o200l^ alambuda, ^6'^ e5^o^Doc^. 
>/>/53s;o2oo^ alambuni (£5e;o^), z'. a. 

-^-'To wash. '^ shake, be agi- 
tated as water; see <^ooz:xi^. 

e5^o2^d alambhava, see ^602^-^. 

^^^ alaka, s. The town of Ku- 
bera, the god of wealth. — £? 
^^oi to become wealthy. 
v/'^sjA^, 55^r\o alag^, alagu, s. 
Tremulousness or quivering 
of the voice in singing. — ^^^ 
a tremulous voice. 
>/■ ^3^j7i^^ alaguni (^^K), v. n. To 
shake; of. ^<^o^o^. 

^vA alage, see ^^-R. 

^v^d^ alacuni {^^'^), v. n. To 

move, shake; c/. ^^760^. 
v%s;23^^^) alajavuni, c. v. {of 
e5£J3io^), To shake; see e9s33dD 
/^^z^o^ alajuni, see ^<2J7id^. 
?3^3JoSo alapayi, ^. Hiring cattle 
for milking. —-R^o^ to take 
milch cattle on hire. — =^jabr^ 
to hire out milch cattle. 
?35i;^^ alapuni see «9«^^, <y^?). 
^^^0 alama, ^^^ «5ej^. 
v/^^;s^oj^ alamuni (s9s^So), ^. a. 

To mix with the hand. 
s/^s;do^ alaruni, ^^^ s9ii£Jo^. 
/s3^53 alavu, Steel, -s^ a&3^ a 

bar of steel. 

^^e;5j^ alavuni (^^), v. a/ To 

mix. ^. to temper. 3. to make 

even, to level. 

53^ ?v.^ alasi^, adf Old, worn out. 

2. bad. 3. mixed; also ^e^co. 

55^?^j^^o^^ alas^ball^, ^. A thick 

rope, cable; see ^^^^.■ 
^o7i alasa, ^^^ e?£;?i^. 

e5^?oO*^, S3^^?^ alasali^, alasige, 
J. Fatigue, weariness. 2. vexa- 
-(/^^7<>:>^ alasuni (^(^c3), v. /yTo 
agitate, shake, -j. n/To be 
fatigued, vexed. ^2. to suffer 
griping pain; oSoo^ eoo^ sfxs; 
T^oQ-rfj I have a stomach-ache. 

^e;=^r9 alakshana, ^^^ ©de;^r®. 

53 e;^ 0, y^=^ alakshya, alakshe, 


s. Disregard, negligence, in- 



^'S ale 

^^D all, M. Behold, lo, there 

it is; see oDC^. 
S5SJ^^^ alakiji, s. Destruction, 

ruin; see soe;^^. ^-^^^^i to 

ruin, spoil, destroy. — c^S 

^-^e^^^ to go to ruin. 
ee^e)^, ^■O'scj^ alata, alad^ji, s. A 

thick coir-rope, cable; also 

^0^2:), ^o^oSj alabi, alayi, ^. 
The annual Moharam festival 
of the Mohammedans. —^^ 
t^ to close the festival with 

^s^^o^jo^ alayuni (©«^) z'. a. To 
take away. 

e3^^^^) alavuni, ^6'^ ^^^^- 

530^ aliki, tz^'. Inferior, low, 
mean ; het. ^^^- --si^^o^^ to 
depreciate, disparage, de- 
grade. — 3j^^^ a word of con- 
tempt. — 3i?^ low people. 

eOT^ alige, see ^^A 

^ef\ alige, see ©§,. 
J^©^^ alipuni, see ess?^?^. 
J^Os^jdS ^©sJJSD^ alimar^, ali- 
mar^, s. The tree called Me- 
JeOccbo^ aliyuni {p^). v.n'/lo 
^ dissolve, decay .-/2. to perish, 
die, become extinct ; also e5e5 

J e©5j alivu, ^. Extinction, ruin. 
Je^oo?io?jalunguni (e5<yooK), •j/. w. 
To be soft, as a ripe fruit, 
^^jotojc^alumbuda, see ss^ozootS. 
>/ e5?;oo^JOcialuInbuni,5^^««3o^:o^. 

^^^:il\::>'^ aluguni(^sJoK), 7'.;^. To 

move; see ^^c^o^. 
^/§3wo2Jor( alubanga, ^. Vexation, 

J^6 ale, ^. Butter-milk; see^^^. 

—^^€4^ to churn butter-milk. 
^6,^6^Bi[e,a\e,tnt. Behold, lo! 

e353o23alenji, s. Grease <?;- oil ek. 
swimming on the surface of 
water, —t^^-^^ greasy sub- 
stances to stick to something. 

e5s3o^^Oc^ alenjuni (®«5o2f), z'.?i. 
To turn, sji^oso— to hesitate 
in speaking. 2. to deny; see 

v/^s3z3^5J)^ alejavuni c. v. (of ^^ 

aio^),>/ro cause to shake, to 

^ shake. ^. to cause to mingle. 

-/?3e3^iJr^, ^dtiio ^ alejuni, alejjuni 

(S5e3^), v.n.^0 be agitated, 

disturbed. 2. to be turbid. 

y^Ao mix, mingle. ■ 4. to be 

53d53«)05j alepayi, see s^OTioso. 

J^^^DZ})^ alepavuni, c. v. { 0/ ^ 
^^^)^ To cause to tire, to fa- 

VessS^^ alepuni (^«5), t-. a. To 
oppress. i'.7til:Q be fatigued; 

S3s3siJ5cialeinani,^. A European. 

2. a German. 

;/^do:Jjo^, ^dJsJ)^ aleyuni, alevuni 

(sf)e3), T'. ^^0 wander, roam. 

^2. to be weary. 3. to bethink 

oneself. e£)«35 ^a>h^ to stare; 

S3s3^ ale 


■'^ ava 

^53^^, ?355^SJ aleki, alekha, s. An 
unwritten or blank leaf. 2. a 
blank book of palm leaves. 

^53^4c^ alevuni (©^3?), v.n. To 
bethink oneself; ^-^^^ ^6^^. 
-j^^^y alk^, ^. Timidity, adj. 


Timid, frightened; ^^/^^^ c^^^. 
_80j3-do^ to shudder. 

^0, alki, see eseS^, ^e5j. 
^^^q,^ alkuni (®^^), '^. /2. To be 
afraid. 2. to start, shudder, 
tremble. ^6^E soja-do^, _^e 
h^ to be startled. 

^^^ ^^ algavuni ^. '^. (o/^<^jo:>), 
To cause to shake; c/.^^ows^^. 

^v:>^ alguni, see ese^oAO^. 
y^s3=5^o5j aldekayi, s. The gall- 
nut, ink-nut, Terminalia che- 
hula, €9^^o^ a good black 

^eA alpa, adj. Little, small, 
trifling. 2. mean, low. — sooa 
of limited understanding ; of. 

53®x^?j^ alplsiji, see «9^5^. 
?32;oe§ alpucce, see ^^^sS . 
^^ alpe, s. An unimportant 

^de^ alpesi, ^. A covetous man, 

miser. <a;^'. Low, mean, stingy. 
■^e),oA^ albangi^, see e9(s;o80oA. 
-^^s3. albe, ^(^. Thin, weak, lean. 

2. good for nothing. 
^^^ alma, s. Breed, offspring ; 

o3oi|^ ©e;^ a good breed. 
53TOr^ almana, see ©j^o^ji)^. 
e23,, e5s3js, alme, almo, s. A 

salutation given to Brahmins 
or Jains by inferiors. 
^do^ almer^, i". An almeira, 


a wardrobe. 

^23^=5^^ allukaddi, ^. A tooth- 
er cs 

v/^ejo20, allambra, ^. Agitation, 

CO >._-' 

^o^ alia, s. The Mohammedan 
appellation of the Supreme 
Being. 2. int. of surprise. 

v^e5a-^5^c^ allavuni (s5£^o^), z'. ^. To 
mix; cf. ^^^^. 

/^©, ^Qf\ alii, al%e, ^. The 
w-ater-lily; <2/^^ ®^^ ^• 
2. the flower of Nelumbium 
speciosum; also sd^t5. 
ee;J5 do alludu, <^^'. Perishable, 

4^^ alle, i". The side, groin, hip. 


—7^^ a lateral branch. 

^d ava, pref. implying dimi- 
nution, privation. 

^^ ava, int. Behold, lo ; see^"^- 

e5sJ^D^avakasa, ^. Opportunity, 
leisure; cf. t^s^^^^. 
7^;^ricaavagada, s. Calamity, evil, 
mischief. 2. disorder, con- 
fusion. 3. difficulty, danger. 

^s^Fiora avaguna, s. An evil dis- 
position, a vice. 2. the state 
of growing worse. 

^sJ2§ avaje, ^. Sound, noise. 
^^^^ avade,^. A kind of country 
beans; also e?^cf. 

^ds^i:^ avatara, s. Descent, in- 
carnation. 3^3^ ^aDTJ the ten 

incarnations of Vishnu (<SmO ). 

53 s^ ava 


^^ avu 

ijsr®o^, ef)d^&^?i to become in- 

esJ4 ava tie, ^<?^ s£)^?3 . 

^d:^c^ avatsara, ^6'^: ©sSotjt^. 

S5SJ9 avadhi, j. A limit, term, 
period, fixed time. 

^ziz^S)i avadhute, s. One who 
has abandoned his family 
and all earthly desires. ©^ 
z^ji^ ^je)Ar the manner of lead- 
ing a life of austerity. r-Zi. 

e35J?^o"t^=^avanainbike, see s5^?^o2!) 

e5SJaJ:^o avapatya, s. Violation of 
a prescribed diet. adj. Con- 
trary to diet. 

esddoa avamata, s. Heterodoxy. 

^dsjjs^ avamana, see ©^^j?)^. 

^sJo3j5^ri avayoga, ^. A bad 
omen, a portent. 
/?5dd avare, see e^eod 

^^^avali^, a;^'. Best, first rate. 
—^Ti the best kind. 

^d^c20(^ avalambane, adj. De- 
pending on. s. Protection, 
an asylum. 

S5d^=3^r3 avalakshana, s. An in- 
^. . . ' 

auspicious sign. 2. ugliness. 

e^d avale, j. A rift, cleft, adj. 
Hollow, not solid. 

e55J2i^Oc^ avasakuna, see epsii^^oji. 

ed2;o avasya, ^. Need, neces- 
sity, adj. Necessary, urgent, 
requisite. — crooS unnecessary. 

555^:^3^ avasatya, s. A lie, false- 
J^ziM avasara, see ^^t^. 

^zS^jD^^ ^d?u^o^j avasana, ava- 
saya, 5". End, conclusion, ter- 
mination. 2. death. 
7e5drje)d avasara, see ^-^t^- 

^d^, ^s^?o avaste, avasthe, s. 
State, condition. 2. circum- 
stances, situation. 3. diffi- 

(i5SJ5) ava, tnf. Lo! behold ; see es^. 

^zzDo:i6 avantara, adj. Interme- 
diate, included. 2. calamitous. 
s. Straits. 2. alarm, confu- 
sion. 3. public calamity. 4. 
foreign invasion. 

^zZe)Zao avacya, adj. Not fit to be 
spoken. 2. obscene. 

e5S3^^, ^^-^^ri avalte, avaltige, 
j-. Charge, care; commission, 
conferred trust ; safe keeping. 
— ^^j^^ to give in charge, to 
entrust another; also soroe? . 

^^c-3Dd avicara, s. Want of en- 
quiry. 2. indiscretion, rash- 
ness. 3. negligence. 

e3^c^^0Jj avidheya, adj. Disobe- 
dient. — ®^ disobedience. 

S3^s3^=^ aviveka, s. Indiscretion. 
2. imprudence, folly. 

^^3^^?oavisvasa, ^. Distrust, un- 
belief, unfaithfulness. 

^^^i)k avisvasi, s. An unbe- 

^e55Jj avu, pron. dem. It, that, 
that thing. — 55£^o5 besides 
that. ®4»? is it that? o^, 
^5^? {emph.) just that, even 
that, the very thing. 

S5^ avu 37 

y^^Q^o'^ avunkuni (254'oF), 7'. a. 
To crop. 2. to snatch, ^3. to 
press down : "j^ B^^j-^^ s9 
^o'^ozij oj^e; press it down as 
mucli as you can. 

e^o^oavuntu, s. Pride, haughti- 
ness, arrogance. 

^Sjoeio^ avuntuni (s^^cO), 7'. n. 
To be proud. 
y^z^cz^"^ avumpuni (^^-), "'• ^^0 
press. 2. to mumble. 

e5j^^?o avukasa, ^^^ "s^^j^^. 

^^i>^ avutana, s. A feast, enter- 
tainment, dinner; also gj^r®. 
— -^^o^ck^^ to give an entertain- 
ment. — oddSo a guest. 

^z^^i:^ avushadha, see ^A^. 
n/555S^^ avulu, adv. There. 2. 
beyond; also So^o. ^^^4^0 
here and there, e)^^? (emp/i.) 
just there, even there, in that 
very place. 

^jSjoOJj avyaya, s. An indecli- 
nable word, gram. 

^4^ avval, ^^^ ®^^- 

^^^ asakta, rt;^'. Weak, feeble. 
2. sick. 

^"i)^ asakti, s. Weakness, in- 

t52^^ asakte, s. A weak or sick 

^^^0 asakya, rt;^'. Impracti- 
cable, impossible. 

^5^^ asana, s. Eating. 2. food. 
©sr^^D^r maintenance, subsi- 
stence; — ^jsLr^to give main- 
tenance, to feed. 


e32^D^ci, 532^0? Sasarlra, asarlri,^^. 
Incorporeal. — ^^o a voice 
from heaven, an oracle. 

^2;ot^, esiod asuci, asuddha, ^^*. 

Impure, 'unclean, polluted. 

—^t^ to become unclean. 

— ^^ uncleanness, pollution. 
es^jS^ asubha, adj. Inauspici- 
ous, evil. .s-. Unluckiness, 

^^dorl asemane, ^. k seat for 

the bride. 
e^JS^=a asoka, s. Freedom from 

grief. 2. the name of a king. 
a^JS^# (siod) asoke (mara), s. 

The tree Uvaria longifolia. 

—'^t' a grove of such trees. 
^^j^o^, e53"Ss53^asrabu, asrap^, see 



^^e^, e^e^, aslesha, aslesi, 

CO ' ro^ ' ' ' 

see e?€??x. 

^^ asva, s. A horse. 

^4^-,^^^ ^^^ asvattha-, asva- 
ta mara, see 25^ ?i ^t^. 

^^Atjh asvapati, s. The king of 
horses. 2. a dynasty at Delhi. 

^2^ s5j^q^ asvamedha, ^. The cere- 
mony of sacrificing a horse. 


e5^,, ^5^,^ ashta, ashtaka, adj. 

^3i=g^^ ashtakashta, s. Eight 
sources of troubles to which 

ashtakashta, s. 
;s of troi 
man is liable. 

s^^^ori ashtakanga, s. A board 
or cloth having eight rows 
of squares eight in each row : 
a chess-board. 

S5ss[, ashta 



^^,r(ij, ^3S[,a?iti ashta^aTa, 
ashtadig^g-aja, ^. The eight ele- 
phants which, according to 
the Hindu Sastras, are sup- 
posed to support the earth. 

iiS^A ashtage, ^. An offering for 

the dead. 

e5^,3c)'^ashtatala, s. A mode or 
eo * ' ^ 

measure in music. 

^s^;£)^^ ashtadikkiji, s. The eight 
points of the compass; also 
Sf)i:i^jse3. e5s^Q^(2;^5 the guar- 
dians of the eight points of 
the compass. 

^s^.dj^P ashtadravya, i". An offer- 
ing of eight ingredients. 

^3^,5ilo, ashtapatti, s. An octa- 

^^sja ashtapadi, s. A verse with 
eight feet. 

^•Si.tooqS ashtabandha, s. A kind 
of mortar composed of eight 

^^.^a)rio ashtabhagya, s. The 
eight requisites to the regal 
state, z'iz. "c^a;^^ territory, ^o 
z3D"d treasure, ^oE forces, c?e3 
elephant, ^ocIdtS horse, ^^j 
ketasol, t^^^ fly-brush, ^^c^ 

S53^,2jjspri ashtabhoga, ^. The 

eo • 

eight sources of enjoyment, 
m'z. "^^ habitation, 55D<^7^bed, 
"^ciokid raiment, n^oso jewels, 
djszSti wife, i^ flower, Xoqi per- 
fumes, eo^^^^o betel-leaf 
and arccanut. 

S5^do ashtama, n?^m. adj. The 


^s^.^jSr^a ashtamasiddhi, see ^ 
eJ ^ 9 • 

^^ ^j ashtami, see ©a^. 
eJ • ' " 

^^.^S) ashtasiddhi, ^. The eight 

eo 9 

miraculous attainments. 

^5sr3,Oc3^N ashtavidhana, s. The 
eight kinds of devotion. 

^oSD,=CT 05::oo:^,ashtaksharimaiitra, 

^. The eight mystical letters 

• used in incantations : §j "^ ^jse 

^s| )^oJ^r ashteisvarya, ^^^ e?:^ 

ei^oSJo asankhya, adj. Innume- 

?5?;lor\vB asangati, s. An adverse 
circumstance, an accident. 

^?^od2^r asandarbha, ^. Unsea- 
sonableness, inconvenience. 
adj. Unconnected, irrelevant ; 

e5roo2-oq^ asambandha, ^. Discon-' 
nection, incoherence, adj. Dis- 
connected, incoherent. 2. ab- 

^;^o3oo asanhya, adj. Disgusting, 
loathsome, s. Molestation, 
intolerable vexations. 2. dis- 
gust, aversion. ~^ht^ to be 
disgusted with. 

e5?o^ asakta, see spe^^. 
J^rid asadde, s. Disdain, con- 
tempt, scorn. 2. negligence, 
carelessness. — ^^^ the state 



^^3^ asti 

of being scornful or careless. 
—Tk>^^^ to despise, neglect. 

^i^^n asatya, ^^//. Untrue, false. 
s. Falsehood. 

53?%;^ SLSSiMhsL, adj. False. 2. un- 

^^odo asadya, see ^t^dz^^. 

^?oSjo, ^?^-:dJ^N asama, asamana, 
s. Inequality, adj. Unequal, 
dissimilar, unlike. 2. odd, 
diverse. 3. incomparable. 

e?^sdj^9^N asamadhana, s. Un- 
settled state, restlessness, un- 
easiness, disquietude. 2. dis- 
satisfaction, peacelessness. 
3. dissension, quarrel. 

^?jo3o asaye, see ^^^Sd. 

e?ooioo asayya, see 59?io^^. 

^j<>xf asaryi, see e??i5. 

^?d55or asarjne, s. Management 
of a household. 

^7i^^ asali^, ^. Root, origin. 2. 
capital, stock (in trade). 3. 
prime cost. 4. an original, a 
fair copy. 

^7^^ asale, adj. First-class, su- 
perior. 2. fine, thin, neat. 

$5?j^ asale, s. A split. -200^^ 
to split, crack. [light. 

^7i6^o^6 asalemasale, s. Twi- 

?3?o3o^?^, ^?o5:.o^j?^ asahipuni, 
asahyisuni (s5?jco, -2co), -z/. n. To 
loathe, feel disgust at; e/, ^ 

^rTsq^o asadhy a, <7^'. Impracti- 
cable, unattainable, s. Im- 

^T^D^d-^ asamya, see ^Ti-^o. 
^rj'5>d asara, adj. Sapless, taste- 
less. 2. worthless; also ^Td^^Ti, 
e^d asiddha, ad/. Not achieved 

or effected. 2. unprepared, 

not ready. 3. undecided. 4. 


ei^iod asura, adj. Giant-like, 
gigantic. 2. cruel. — ^'^.Q a 
cruel deed , diabolical action 
or work. 

^?ojD asuri, s. A giantess, the 
wife of a giant. 

^ ?s)j do ?ood J asurusuru, s. A deep 

^7<)^6 asure, ^. A giant. 

^;^JSo:^j asuj^a, ^. Envy, jealousy, 

^?;jjsd asura, adj. Yellow. 2. un- 
alloyed, as gold. 

^?oJSD asuri, ^^/;". Extra, mis- 
cellaneous. — =5£^r extra ex- 

^^j;)6 asure, ^. Daily expendi- 
ture; sundry expenses; also 


e5?35Jo?l asemane, see ®^^??. 

^?^s> asaukhya, s. Uneasiness, 
unhappiness, ill-health. 

e^, e5^sjJi)Fd asta, astamana, ^. 

55 ^D^, ^5^^ astari^, astri, ^. The 
lining of a garment. 

^^ asti, ^. A bone. -&"rf hectic 

^k^zji)^ astivara, s. A founda- 


"^•7^^ astu 

— c 


)^ ali 

^4^)) ^^^c^sjo astu, astunama, 
s. Consent, agreement. 

53^ aste, adv. Slowly, ^eoo^?) 
to breathe heavily ; 3ef. ^f^^ . 

^ro d asthira, adj. Unsteady, 
transient, fleeting. 

^^ea^, 05 ^NJ^^^ asrab^, asrapu, 
adj. Noble. 

^^"^d asrabide (^?io-d 8!)?3d), (///. 
a monstrous seed.) .y. Any 
grain eU-., the cultivation of 
which exhausts the soil. 2. 
a wicked person. 

^^e3 asrabe, s. A nobleman, 
good man. 

53^ asre, s. A destroyer; ^. 

53?^, ?o asvastha, j. Sickness, ill- 
ness. «^'. Unwell, sick. 

^So, ^sd3o aba, ahaha, t'nL of 
surprise. Ah! aha! 
v/^3co^&s3)^ abankaripuni (es^o^ 
5), ^'.72. To be proud, arrogant, 
J ?3a6o=5c)d abankara, s. Self-con- 
sciousness. 2. egotism, pride, 
self-conceit, haughtiness. — cro 
o5o a proud, self-conceited 
or insolent man. 

^^o^^=CT ahannlka, see ^g^^. 

^3oo2p3^ ahambbava, s. Self- 

^3oo:^j3 abammati, s. Self-con- 
ceited ness, a vain mind. 

'j2o ahi, s. A snake. 

^2o^ abita, «^//'. Disagreeable, 
unsalutary. s. Harm, wrong. 

532cJ3^Da)ij aboratre, s. A day 
and a night lasting from sun- 
rise to sunrise. 
^53^ ala, s. Measure, capacity. 
>A3^o'a^ alankiji, s. An ant-eater. 
^^0=52)5^^ alankavuni, see 59eJo?ro 

^^o=5^0c^ alankuni, see S5(2;o^o^. 

n{s3^o^o^ alantuni (S5s;^o0), v. n. 
To shake. 2. to move. 

v^^=a alaka, s. A large basket 
for measuring rice etc. 

yf^^'^, ^3^1 alake, alate, s. Mea- 
surement. — -rfj^Ok^ to mea- 
sure, mete; e/. e?^^, ^s^;^. 

vfev^^^ alapuni (^'^), z'. ^. Ta 
53^0^0 alya, ^^^ esodor. 

>/^°^^^ alavuni (^^), r. //. To mix. 
^Vii ala, ^^^ e5£;D. 
esv^^S alavu, ^6-^ ^c^^. 

jb^^^f. alikatt^, s. Ruin. 

v^^^^, alipuni (55«9), 7'. ;2. To 
perish, die. 2. to be destroyed, 
be ruined; also es^cS ^^h^. 

-V^«^oi) aliya, ^. A son-in-law, 
nephew; — as a rule a man's 
sister's son marries the daugh- 
ter of his mother's brother. 
deL w^^£p. -Tio^^ the law 
of inheritance in the female 
line. According to this law 
the family property descends 
not from a man to his son, 
but from a woman to her 

^^ ali 


^■^ aksi 

V55^odoo^d aliyantara, s. Ruin, 

y^^oJoo^ aliyuni, ^^^ ?5^^^. 
^^^t'u^ aluku, 5. Modesty, bash- 
^^osds? aluvali, ^. A daughter's 

^^js3 aluve, i". An instalment. 
2. a term of payment ; c/. =5^0^, 

>/^^os5 aluve, ^^ The mouth of 
a river, a harbour. — ;dsO30-d 
^^ a custom-house; ^^^ esx^o^. 
>j 93^ ale, ^^^ ^«5. 

e^ot3 alenji, s. A kind of weed 
growing on the surface of 
stagnant Avater. 

^^2dj ?i alejjuni, see ^^di^^. 

e^5j^o5j alepayi, see ^^t>o3j, 

^^4)P alevuni (s?^), v. n. To I 
muse, to be absent-minded or 
abstracted. e5s?5 ^jsb^ to 
look bewildered, perplexed; 

-i^^o.^ alkuni, see ©e^j^^. 
^'^s?^ altii, adv. Thence; also 

J S3^ alta (£'en. of the adv. s9^^j), 

adj. Of that place. 
n/ 'e^ alpa, adv. There, in that 

place. ^"^^ here and there. 

^^. alya, see ©odor. 

^|,, ^^f\ alii, allige, ^^-^ «5^. 

53^, alle, i"^^ ®^. 

^^" aksha, ^. The eye. 2. a 
mark on dice. 3. a die. 4. 
a wheel. — e^ed, — ^jei^, —-§^0:50, 
— <s^Q gambling, playing with 

S5=3^o;^0 akshantari, ^. A gift of 
yellow rice. 

^=0^:^, e=CTj aksha ta, akshate, s. 
Raw rice mixed with kuiiku- 
ma {i. e. turmeric powder) 
and used for religious pur- 
poses. t1)03^^^ rice over 
which incantations have been 

^=ctCj akshada, s. A red mark 
put on the forehead after 
dinner, chiefly by Brahmins. 

e=3^c3e)^j, ^j^CTS^j^d akshadama, 
akshamale, ^. A rosary or string 
of beads, especially of the 
seeds of Elaeocarpus^ used in 

53=5* oJo akshaya, adj. Imperish- 
able, immortal. — 3:^^ a brass 
vessel for receiving alms. s. 
The last year of the Hindu 

S3^ d akshara, {lit. undecaying). 
s. A letter. ~-^7^^ {lit. a gar- 
land of letters) the alphabet. 

^^ t)^i, aksharaTna, s. A scholar. 

e^ akshi, ^. The eye. 2. suc- 
cess, prosperity. — sic^^S mov- 
ing of the eyes. ~M^ a scor- 

^ a 


tj^D aka 


^ a, The second letter of the 
-icr a, dem. p7' on. -^Thsit; e? ^of that 
side or party; e? ^Ti-^js>^ that 
man. e? e?, e?odji) each, every, 
respective. — ^orfor each work. 

2. when added to two or more 
consecutive words, the mean- 
ing is disjunctive: either-or, 
whether— or; as ^^02253^ e?ojo 
?^ whether this or that man ? 

3. it is an affix of interroga- 
tion, which changes accord- 
ing to phonetic rules into 
oJ^, oi:ra; as s9o5 yes: ©ccro is 
it? 20^ you came: 20^ 7^ did 
you come? =^ thou, you: ^ocJjs 
is it you? 

JeJo^OOjjj^ankariyuni, see ss^o^ 

J tJo^^d ankara, ^^^ ef)^o?js-d. 

^0^^ ankita, see ^o-&^. 

.\^o'§ anke, s. Force, pressure, 
compulsion. 2. authority, 
power, control. 3. support. 
— ^j^-<j^^ to force, compel, to 
obtain by coaxing. — ctoo3o a 
strong, powerful man. 

tyoA^C^ anofirasa, s. The sixth 
year in the Hindu cycle of | 
^oz^ and^, see ^h^. I 

^od^ ^o:i^D anda, andala, see 1 

tf03o, tJo:^ antara, antra, ^. The 
bowels, entrails. —20;)?^ swell- 
ing of the scrotum or testicles. 
~^7)c6o^ flatulence; hernia. 

Wo^oJjF antarya, s. The mind; 

see e9o^ocior. 2. sentiment, 

■ opinion ; c/. ©osx^ca. 
Woa andi, s. Caution. 2. bail, 

a security. —eJ'aso^oSj one 

who stands security, becomes 

s:Jo^S3-3o;Jjj andravayu, see e?G^ 

J^oio^' ambal^, s. A water-lily 
which opens after sunset. 
^o^iy^^ ambala, see ^0206. 
^cZfi ainbige, see s^osoot^. 
tJozojD, «o2jp ambura, ambra, 

Jyo^3 ambe, «^:'. There, on that 
side. 2. after, prep. Beyond. 

tJoeSOag)^) amberipuni (2;?odb), 
V. n. To be drowsy or sleepy. 
2. to dream. 3. to be con- 

tJosJjSjd amavade, see 55odjsd 

e^o2o^ amhika, see esg^^. 

5:j^d akara, j^^ ®^^- 

tJ^asJr, tJ^^F akarsa, akarsha, s. 

Attraction, drawing towards 

each other. — ^^ the power 

of attraction. 
tJS^j akara, s. Form, shape. 

2. the letter €?. 

t?=a3 aka 


^ti aja 

^=5D^, ^JW^^ akasa, akasa, s. The 
atmosphere, sky. 

e^d akire, s. A nettle-plant, 
Urtica heterophylla. 
JtJ=aJ^o akulu, dem. pron. {pi. of 
e?o3j or e?f), They. 2. // ^'^ 
affixed to adjectives^ partici- 
ples and nouns to convert 
them into personal nouns ^ as 
oSocf o^?:d^o^o good people, ^ja^ 
fsss^o^o those that see, eSesScro 
^o^j working people etc. 

t?=5^x3 akri^ti, ^. Form, shape. 

tJ=aO. 5:5^ akeri, akri, see ^^ip. 

^szD3 akhata, s. An artificial 

^£^^, yaSiD akheiryi, akheiri, s. 
The end, termination, adj. 
Final, last. <^i7'. Finally, at 
last ; see e9^e5. 

tJSJ^, e:?^^ ^kliy^'^ akhye, s. A 
name. 2. the subject of a 
sentence, gram. 

^^^o^ akhyata, ^. The predi- 
cate, gram. 

en^ a^^, (^^'^- fire). ^. Steam. 
— <^^:^to be consumed, to come 
to an end. —^^ a;)^, see ^7\7^t^. 
e?7^.|^?l3 a steamer. 

eri^o agama, s. Arrival. 2. a 
work on Hindu ritual etc. 3. 
augment, gram. 

tjrido^ agamana, ^. Advent, ar- 

^j\t, t?nc)d agara, %ara, s. A 
habitation, house. 

t^rid agara, ^^^ 59a 5. 

tJri agne, see e?^. 

: ^^f\ ^ojj agneya, <2^//. South-east. 
I t?n agra, ^^^ ^aotj. 

5^2^ do N acamane, ^. The cere- 
mony of sipping a few drops 
of water and repeating the 
twenty-four names of Vishnu 
{^^^^ before performing any 
religious ceremony. 

y^^dfl acarane, s. Usage, esta- 
blished custom. 2. obser- 
vance. 3. performance of re- 
ligious ceremonies. 4. a cere- 
mony, rite. 

tJZ^a^^ acaripuni (eydb), 7;. a. To 
observe, practise, perform. 

e:52^-sd acara, s. Usage, custom. 
2. conduct, -^^^cro tJDTJ tradi- 
tional observance. 

tJZ5e)d^ acarane, see ^-d-^i^. 
4tJ£5^a acari, s. A smith or car- 
penter. — sojs-dj a kind of 

wea^d, tJL3^o3or acare, acarye, s. 
I A spiritual guide, a priest. 
L,t?z^ aJa, An oath, a curse. 2. 
swearing, ^ts^j^-r^ to swear. 
—sik):!)^) to imprecate, curse. 
_Laoc5oo^ to deliver from an 
oath, to revoke a curse- 
J^^i?S ajane, ^22^^^^. cidj. Sixth. 

e:J2;iD* ajar, ^. Presence; bet. S3^ 
&&. — e?b^ to be present. 
—do^Ovoi to produce (a wit- 
ness etc:). -3i;)^ra^ bail, secu- 
rity for the appearance of 
another before a court of 
justice. — ^^ ^ muster-roll. 

^Zi aja 


^m^ an^ 

^n^ ajala, s. Six seers. 
sJ^'^D^^ ajavuni, c.z'. (6/" eya^o^), 

To dry or drain. 
J tJSo aji, 7121712. Six. 
Jyz^c^.^ ajiduni (ef^S), 7-. «;. To 

expose clothes elc. for drying. 
y^JZoSJ ajipa, see ©^^3. 

>/e5e3odoo^, tJ2;io^>ajiyuni,ajuni(^^, 
ej^j, 7.'.7z. To dry up, drain off; 
as, Aj^03i ^;o5 a^oS the well is 
dry; e?^5 ^e-^ to be dried 
up. ^^^ dried, freed from 
moisture or sap. o*aioa un- 
dried, wet; eya^oa ^ooyj a 
wet cloth. 
tJ^ aje, ^^^ ^3^- 
tJ^JS^o ajolu, ?22/?;2. ^^z'. Six 

tJ^ alne, ^. Command, order. 
2, permission. 3. a judicial 
sentence, doom. 

J^Zd ajpa, ?2?^;;2. Sixty; ^^^ «£)3Szi. 

>/t5^ ata, J. Amusement, sport, 
game. 2. a play; — tooSo an 
actor; a gambler. — sroy, 
^sros^o dancing and playing 
with music. 3. wheTi formlTtg 
the latter part of co7npo2uids 
it signifies continuity ; as, €5 
s^^ru crying or weeping long. 
5^evDU lamentation. 

Jtjlio©^, e^ejc^ atanky, atanka, 
^. Hinderance, obstacle. 

' tjlj ati, ^. The fourth solar 
month. —^ ^fo^ profound 
darkness. -3ioS a kind of 

ycs^ ady., see 5oi>S. 

e:?3so2jd adambara, i". Pride. 2. 

pomp, show. 
W3^s3j3^^ ademode, see e?z§. 

^tJ^^dJS^cs^ adalod^ji, s. The Mala- 
bar-nut-tree, Justicia adha- 

i tJ^^J, t?d^ adallte, adalte, i". 
Administration, management. 
2. governing. — ;^jab^ to man- 
age. — ^j8?:?:so3j an admini- 
strator, manager. 

>^e:JC5D4^ adavuni, ^. ^. {of^-^^), 
To agitate. 2. to shake. 
tJ^?^ adige,^. Abelch; bet. ei»s^. 

tJ(^ri adio^e, adv. In vain, for 
nothing; see e5tf?^. 

VtJdo^ aduni (^S), '6'. z^. To move, 
wave, swing, vibrate. 2. to 
shake, totter, v. a. To move, 
rock. 2. to shake. Different 
playful and regular move- 
ments are expressed by add- 
ing it to verbs; as., ^esscl:^ 
to be swinging. ^'^^^ to be 
moving to and fro, etc. 

J^d ade, s. A coward. 
^d?^ adeg^, see «)c§, «)tSK. 
^dA adege, see ^^-R. 

J ^d^ adele, s. An unsteady man. 
2. a vagabond. 

>J^d^^^ adevuni (^^e), z'.7i. To 
be moving, undulating, vibrat- 
ing. c?:S?4?^^ constant mo- 
tion, oscillation or vibration. 

-i«P5* any, adj. Male. — eroe? a 
male child, a boy. -^jtj a maL 

tJ^D^ anu 


^^ adi 

tree. s. A boy, youngster. 
efr® <^6^ the bridegroom's 

^m^ii^ ani^^adi, s. The lower 
half of a cocoanut-shell. 
JtJp5^2§J5^sJ an^jovu, s. A male, 
man; also s9p9 4'. 

t?co^^ii an^peja, s. A male varie- 
ty of the wild jack-tree. 

yra ana, s. The entrance to a 
harbour. — 7\* croo^o^, eyrl/sAO 
^qh^ to stand ^?' wade in 
shoal-water for fishing. 
/yr^ ani, s. A peg, nail. 2. a 
wedge. 3. a screw. 

tJrS=3^2:^ anikallijL, ^. The key- 
stone of an arch. 

^cl ana, s. An anna. 
JtJrl ana, ^. An oath. 
^^=^v^ anekall^, ^. A hail-stone. 


J^^ at^, tndef. jziim. adj. So 
much. — 3i^ so many people. 
^^^OF so much time, so long. 
2. as much as: f^S^^§ ^jaar 
give all you have. ^Memph. 
so much only : — odj?)^ ^^^ 
I say only so much. e:?i?3s, 
^^ijse is it only so much? 

'^^ ef^js? is it only so much 

that you give? ^^^ for so 

tJ^^^ori, ?:J3ft)^ori ati^nange, ata- 

nenge, see e?ii^o^. 
'J 3 ati, see e?L^. 
s^vlq^o atithya, s. Hospitality. 

— s5o^o^^ to entertain a guest. 

j£?^od atura, ^. Eagerness, haste. 
^is^ atak^, ^^^ ^^. 

tJi^^o?^ atanange, ^^?:'. Till, as 
long as. 

^:^, , tji atma, atma, s. Breath, 
life. 2. the soul, spirit/ -S^a 
c^^, the Holv GHost, Chr. 
33^53^^ a sinner, -^^^of^ a 
virtuous or fortirMte'^^an. 
e?^8p^ spirit ual-iiVin4«daess, 
Chr. 3. self, chi ^^^' iv c^mp: 
e?;|_^ ^5^ suicide. .3 self- 


^Ui^ ad^, see e?b^. 

tJdd adara, see ^^rfx^. ,,,. ;, . 

tJddfl adarane, ^. Respect,- re- 
gard for. 2. protecti*ri:;:sup- 
port. 3. comfort, c(i»ii!sola.- 
tion. "• 

SidDsg^ adaripuni (^- ?. 

To honor. 2. to si|,ppDrt, 
assist. 3. to console, coQifort. 
cyrfbi^jrooSo a supporter;, 
who comforts. 

tfui^o^j adaya,^. Gain, proEf, in- 
come, behoof. — ^^ .profit 
and loss. — "^e^ receipts and 
disbursements; management. 
—•^^ ^jsLfTOoSo a book-keeper. 

5:^23-5) d adara, see epqs^-d. 

sua adi, ^. Beginning, origin. 
adj. First, primary ; pre-emi- 
nent; e.g. ^asDT^P® the origi- 
nal cause. 2.zvhsn the latter 
part of a compound it means: 
and others, et cetera, as ^^ 
7\;>'^^:i beasts etc. 

tJ^ adi 



ti^^ adika, see e?c^ajj. 

t^a^o Mitya, s. The sun. -^tj 

^doo^^ aduppuni (ef5-tro5|^^), 
^'. 72. To have become, to be 
tllfellllll^^^j^^A as or when 

tJC^^^^^V. The sixth lunar 
bet. ^^jF, 
haripuni, see ^^^^^. 

eS^CJ^&dHara, s. Support, prop. 

S8..%;J'a%is, foundation. — ^^ a 

title-deed. 2. a security-bond. 

2^ a rich man. 

?^) adhina, s. Authority, con-©j,«vc2- dependence; of. ©oe^ 

-^J^J^.i^randa, i". Joy, happiness, 

tfF^K anag-a, ^^^ ^^^>. 
^r^^F')lnarta, ^^^ e5?^qiJ^. 

lis, adv. Then, at that time. 
-^^o^ from that time, 
e then, ^"rfooy^ till then. 
2, affixed to verbs it signifies'. 
:he time, as t^^h-^^ at the 
le of going, 
^Jj5doij* anikorant^, s. A 
large kernel. 
y t?^^^ anipuni (^^i), 7'. rt;. ^/To 

make lean. 2. to lull. 
i t?c2 ane, j. An elephant. —^5 a 
thick forest inhabited by ele- 
phants. — ^js^ an elephant- 
shed. —^3^4^ an elephant 
keeper. — ^6^c5 a chain for 
fastening an elephant. — :too 
r^^ the trunk of an elephant. 

^:^of\ aneng^e, see e?a;^. 

^^p^^^ anekall^, see e?s?3^^. 

^c^^"3G* anekar^, s. The Cochin- 
leg, elephantiasis. 

t??S=^do, s:?^=^6 anekedu, anekere, 
s. A large tank. 

y^SrieS, e^rlor^o anegajji, ane- 
guddu, s. A troublesome kind 
of scab, mange. 

ei^^JS^^?od aneiiolisara, s, A 
kind of aloes. 

tJF^^tdo^^ anetajankiji, s. Cassia 

^"^i^^iS^ aneduji, s. A large 

?:??3n^AS3* anenegiliji, s. Pedaliiim 
inter ex, a larger variety of 

tJfSso'sdo^ anepaduni (^fSsj^S), 
^. ^. To lull (a baby). 

eiJfSer^^o* anebakil^, s. The en- 
trance gate of a palace. 2. 
a city-gate. 3. any large 

e^c^dooe^e:* anemarijal^, s. Cur- 
cuma zedoaria. 

yjS^j^^^ anemlni^, s. A whah 
also S^oo7\^. 

ei(5sjojor{j anemungu, s. Calo- 

snnthes inJica. 
^^"i^ anhika, s. Daily ceremo- 

?^3J apa, s. A kind of rice-cako. 

tJ3Jr( apaga, '7^/7'. Then, at that 
time. — ?2? that very moment, 
instantly. ^7:7^^7\ now and 
then , occasionally ; gradually- 




^h api 

«3J3^ Ipatti^, s. Mishap. 2. 
trouble, calamity, distress. 
3. danger, evil. — ^s^ a time 
of trouble. 
^h^^ apinavu, see e?Lfj. 
J^h^ apini (^), ^'. n. The copu- 
la : to be that, to become that. 
£5j3s?^?3 ^4c7io it becomes white. 
2. to have origin, grow,. rz^^'^iO 
=3^o^o^ ^^^czio mangoes grow on 
the tree. 3. to happen, occur : 
^ 7ic7(i> §j<^o e?c5 where did 
this happen? 4. to fit, suit: 
^ e5o?\ oSoc^ e?4o"rfo this coat 
fits me. 5. to be possible : 
c3^ft5 ^^ozio it can be lifted. 
6. to be related to: e?o3o o3oc^ 
^07^0 e?^c^j he is my younger 
brother. // zs used as an 
auxiliary verb^ e. g. ^^ S 
ci'cS it is done, ajtd serves 
also loform compound verbs : 
cnjozro^^ to come into exis- 
tence, ©oES ^h^ to be true, to 
be proved, elc. 

•i^oS, p. t. ^rd p. sing. neut. 
It is done, finished. 

^^■>f. t. yd p. sing, neut. It 
may be or may happen : 20o<^ 
cSoi|^ t?4 the crop is likely to 
turn out good. 2. when used 
absolutely as a reply, it is 
equivalent to "yes"; ^-^e^ST? 
GJ'^s? will you go? ^^ yes. 

The negative forms of these 
tenses are: pres. t. ^s^'S.. p. t. 
e?O3023, per/, t. e?a^, fut. t, 
<i?^c5 it may, can, shall ^z will 

not be — denoting moral and 
physical impossibility. ?5'^c5 
added to inf. marks empJi. 
prohibition^ as ^SoSotS e?^o5 
thou shalt not kill, inter. ^ 
^ccro can or may it not be? 

e?^S imp. Zrd. p. Let it 
be, {neg. 2nd p. e?^rS be 
not); ©"s^S when repeated after 
nouns etc. means either — or, 
as '^od ef^S G?o3o ei'dS either 
this or that man. 

0*^0, cofid. It should or would 
be. // is much used as a 
polite form of request, ts-^ 
^oiS e?^ please go away. ^' 
cd3 s:)g^o-rf £?^j I should like 
him to come. 

^h, adj. part. pres. /., ^oso, 
p. t. ^^, perf. t. ^h 7io7(B a 
practicable thing; ^osj or 
e?a ^ej?j a finished work. Tk> 
5^0 e?Q3o married. sjDis;303o 
2j5js,3o a divided land. e?a3o, 
e??j a;A^;^ affixed to nouns 
and certain verbal forms^ 
they convert them into adfec- 
tives, as ?i^3^ ^o^ £2?e3 an 
easy work; sSjseoSDOSj ^^d^jsjiJ 
the requisite things. The per- 
sonal nou7is formed of the 
above, are: e?bf3Dc3j, e?^jTOo3o 
which are similarly foined 
to .y., adf. etc. 

e?^oD, neg. adf. part. That 
which should not be, un- 
becoming. 2. impracticable. 
3. improper, wicked. 

^h api 


to 0^0 aya 

e? 5, ^er. (or adi\ part. Hav- 
ing become, being. 2. when 
affixed to s. or adj. it con- 
verts them into adv.^ as ^zj^ 
wrongly, ^);^ ocijsS certainly. 
3. affixed to datives and infi- 
7titives it means iov^m behalf 
of, on account of, as so^^S on 
that account, ^^ok^^^S in 
order to make. 4. affixed to 
pron. it means of one's own 
accord, as efr^D^ ^^jsSdSoS he 
gave of his own accord (with- 
out being requested). zSTio^ 
neg. having not become, be- 
ing not. 

^^>X When it happens, hap- 
pened or will happen. — ^? 
just when it happens eto. 

^^o7( Till it happens. 

z^oTi. eo7zd.^ 'Z^cTiojT)^ cmph. If 
it becomes, if it be, although 
it be, ©osjDcT^ if it be so. 
2. asaeonj. but, yet, though; 
at least, even. 

e?4/se3, pot. It can or may be. 

^^ti^ It must be or become. 
2. to be related to. ef^^^^oD^ 
ey^sciohow is he related to you? 
oSoc^ =^^^ ey^J'T^o he is my 
uncle. "i^^^ciS^ what ought 
to happen, what is necessary. 

Ci-Lji^, ^oso;^^, ^a^J4, ver1}al 
nouns. That which happens, 
etc. 2. that which is fit, 
possible, practicable. 
?^o3)oricS^ apungene, see ^3iX. 
ty 0^)53^ apule, see ey^i«3e. 

-l^ti ape, ^^z'. Yonder, opposite. 
©•^^f^^ vonder house, si'^^rro 
o3o one from the other side. "^^ 
sj^jJ yonder or the other side. 


^=u apekshe, see €5^?^. 

f J to ^$3^ apole, adv. Just then ; of. 
j £?3:iA, ^os;ij^?TO^'sde just when 
j doing. 

^ to^ apta, adj. Dear, attached. 
2. trustworthy, confidential. 

to^ apte, s. An intimate friend. 
ef^a4^5 friends and acquaint- 

to^^doo aphimu, >y^^ es^e^d^o. 

to23e)do abadu, ^^'. Populous, 
inhabited. 2. cultivated. 3. 
thriving. —•^'^^^^ to popu- 
late; to cultivate; to improve. 

toWe)^ abala, ^^^Z. Young. 

toZooOo aburu, ^<?^ essoo^o. 

toS^dcQ abharana, ^\ Ornament, 

tos^ocs^, tos:jOdo amadu, amadu, .y. 
Import, [opp. export). 2. in- 

tos2o?;)or^ amarsuni, see e9^?ior^. 

todowii amavade, see s£)od;3zS. 

tosjj amla, s. Acidity. 2. tama- 
rind. 3. vinegar, adj. Sour, 
acid; vlg. cj-oaDoTJ. 

toO^ aya, ^. A nurse. 

toodo aya, .y. Gain; see ©oio. 

toois) aya, s. A foundation, base. 
—sjdi^j^) to lay a foundation. 
JtoO^j aya, ^.Measure, proportion. 
_5yj.?) to regulate or fix the 
limits. — ^^^?i to measure. 

?ojo Sya 


y:^ ara 

katti^, s. Fixing the limits of 
a field elc. 2. regulation, 
arrangement. ad/. Choice, 
excellent. —3^ ^^^ a well 
executed work. — ^ ^^ select 
people. —^ sj^^iJ a choice ex- 
pression, excellent speech. 

tJO^j^ayatta, s. Docility, tract- 
VwoJja^ ayatta, .^. Preparation, 
readiness; also ©030;^. 

tjodj^ ayana, .s". A festival in con- 
nexion with a temple. 

t50i32) ay a, see ey. 

tjoi:-?);^^ ayavuni (^odj?)), 7-.^. 
To dig a foundation. 
yt>o;S3^4c^ ayavuni (^ocij^), '^'. a. 
To winnow. 

'c5o:i3^?;) ayasa, s. Fatigue, weari- 
ness. 2. indisposition. 3. 
trouble, vexation. 

tJOSo ayi, see ^l^^- 

tJOSo^ ayita, see efocJo^. 

tyo5jcJ ayida, ^^'^ ^aioo^^. 

tJ053^5j ayinavu, ^^^ a*L^^. 

tJOSoJj ayisa, ^^^ eyorfjo^^^. 

tfOJ.o ayu, see ^ca^T^^. 

tJOoooqi ayudha, s. A weapon, in- 
/eiOooo^ ayuni (^ocio*i. r-. «. To 
select, choose. 2. to gather, 
pick up; c/. ^d^r^^. 

tJOJoo^ ayuni (e?ocio«j, 

7'. «.■ 


ford, cross, go over. 7'. 7Z. To 
blow ; v"s"9 ejodojcoj the wind 

blows; 6/. SoDCrfOOr). 

^D:io:)C3^roJj ayurdaya, ^. Term 
or period of life. 

t?oJoj2or^ ayurbala, s. Strength 
according to age. 2. a good 

tJOJoo^o ayushya, ^. Age, dura- 
tion of life, term of life. 
>/t?o3j aye, profi. He. e?ocije)oSo 
every one, each (man). 2. 
zV /.y joined to participles 
etc. to form personal nouns^ 
as ^o'^o^^rooSo one who does, 
^^?:dcSo one who did, ^o^o 
Df3soSo one who did not do ; 
cf. e?5. 

5^o3j6 ayere, adv. On that side, 
beyond (opp. =^o3jt5 on this 
side). ^^^^ i^'o^jT? on that side 
of the river. <i?o3oT5A ^to^^ to 
cross a river. 

sec ^odo. 

-^tJD^ ar^, ^/<:v//. pron. { 
^rd p. of e?o5o ^r e?f), They, 
/. ^. that person. ^-Qd^ emph. 
himself, none but he. 2. it is 
Jointed to participles to form 
personal nouns., as ^^h-^i>^ 
one who goes, ^eosj^s one 
who went, ^ie^o&^5 one who 
did not go. 
^d ara, A termination occur- 
ring in some nouns and 
meaning \\om.Q, place or loca- 
lity, as z^^zs^T^ lodging; e5?5 

eiOJo^ ayya, 

names of villages. 

^6o d.rain 


^6s,^ aro 

^6o2^ arambha, ^. Commence- 
ment, beginning. — ^o^o^^ to 
make a beginning, to begin. 

^^op^l^ arambhipuni (e?^oc^), 
7\a. To begin. 

ed?^ arage, see ^■^'d-R; cf. ^^-doao, 

tJdeJ, ^^d arata, arada, s. The 
concluding part of a temple 
feast, including bathing the 

tJdrao aranya, ^^^ ©^ro^. 

^0^ arati, s. Wave-offering, con- 
sisting in waving lamps elc. 
2. the lamp for wave-offering. 
—^jsh^^. — oSo^j ^ to offer, wave 
frankincense eU. z^JssjDBr a 
censer. oSoo^sBr a lamp with 
one wick. 'Z?Tji>^& a metal 


plate for wave-offering. 

^6h arati, ^^(^ <^^?^- 

^oz^'^6 arabhara, s. Responsibi- 
lity, care. 

^de^jp arabhya, .v. Beginning, com- 
mencement. e5j?)e?f3-rf^o from 
the beginning of the world. 
^^0^0 ^o^?3^ ^Tj?pn since you 
began doing; cf. ^tjo2^. 

tJ0;3e)u aravara,^. An usufructu- 
ary mortgage. —t>^ a deed of 
such mortgage. 

eu^kJ arata, s. Tottering, shak- 
ing; c/. eydy. 

eJDeJCS'^^'^ew^ arad^popini, 7'. «. 
To walk arm in arm or hand 
in hand. 

SJO^qScS aradhane, s. Worship, 
adoration, prayer. — tio^o^r^ 
sec acsp^^. 

^UD^z^^ aradhipuni (^od^), z>. a. 

To worship, adore. 
^DD^^ aravuni, see o^^^. 

tJDri arige, s. A belch. —z:>:»^^^ 

to belch; c/. e?^:^. 
euDcS aride, see e?^r. 
5:JDo:^o ariya, /^^. Stop! hold! 
siOo3j ariye, ^^^ e?o3or. 

JsidocI arune, ^. Contentment, 

^uo^:) aruni (^^). 7-. /2. ''To grow 

; cool, cold or dry, 2. lo be cool, 
^dry. iTto distend, grow stout: 
80O25 ^do^ the belly to distend 
tJdJS^ ariidha, cidj. Ascended, 
mounted, s. Ascending, climb- 
^6 are, see aoSo-d. 
tj6d^ arede, ^^^ eyo. 

J si6c-^, ^?^x^ arekti, areike, s. Pro- 
tection, care of, nursing, nou- 
rishing. — ^^j^^ to protect, 
nurse, nourish. 

J^6^y^ areisuni (^%^), "<'. a. To 
expect, wait for, look for. 2. 
to desire, wish ; hct. sodtJj^;^^. 

Js?dJ?)S?^OJ5)c5* arolijimini^, s. A 
kind of fish. 

e^dJS^jsJjd arolumara, ^. A kind 
of tree. 
J^tiSi^f^ arogane, s. A meal, re- 
past. — ^J^3^?i to take a meal. 

tydJJ^/'o arogya, s. Health, 
strength. 2, comfort, happi- 

^CJz:^ aro 


Si© ali 

t^cjj^^sj, eidJS^sJcl aropa, aropane, 
s. Imputation, accusation. 
2. a false charge. 

^6J^^h7id'^ aropisuni (e^^jse^oj), 
z>. a. To impute, accuse 
unjustly, charge with. 

t?6j5^3or9 arohana, s. Ascending, 
climbing, mounting, as^s-d^se^ 
r© -^z^F Ascension day, Chr. 

y6J3^^ aroli, s. The last leaf of 
a cocoa-palm-branch. 

tJ^r arka, s. A bow. 2. an arch. 
/tJ^jr^ arkuni ('^^^), r.;^. To 
cry out, shout. 

^7^7^ arjita, adj. Acquired, ac- 
cumulated, inherited, as hs^ 
25f^ patrimonial. 73T)^'S,f^ self- 
acquired. — si5^ inherited 
wealth or property. 

eiJvBr arti, s. Pain, distress, adj. 
Afflicted, distressed, sorrow- 

tjir arte, s. One who is afflicted. 

^zfF'^ih'^ ard^popini, see e? 

tJ&rardre, s. The sixth lunar 
mansion, a arionis^ when it 
rains heavily. 
^/tsioreJ, ^ejjreJ, 2:?e^r^ arbata, 
arbhata, arbhate, s. Fearful 
noise, uproar. 2. a joyful cry, 
triumph. — ^o^^o^^ to roar, 
shout, triumph. 

eiJOJOF arya, adj. Noble, respecta- 
ble, belonging to the Aryans. 
^^i^F^^F the country bet- 
ween the Himalaya and 
Vindhya mountains. 

tJOJoroSodj aryayeru, s. A cas- 
trated buffalo. 

tJo3or arye, s. An Aryan. 2. a 
man of the Arya caste. 

tJ^rd arvade, see e^^rd 

tj53'3rO arvara, see ^^^-d. 
^/e:J?o■^^^^ arsavuni (t??:i)F), ^/. ^. 
To despise, defy, set at naught. 
2. to disparage. ey;d^r5 s^s^tjo^ 
to talk disparagingly or defi- 

J^v ala, s. The silk-cotton tree, 
Salmalia Malabarica ; ^/^t? 
-rf^i^. _rf sjBr silk cotton. 

tJ^ori?^ alangane, s. The act of 

tJ^ozo alamba,^?. Seizing. 2. kill- 
ing. 3. a violent death. 

y^^ alade, s. A kind of de- 
mon's shrine. 

^^ti 20 o* alada ballu, see esefeS. 

tJ^o;io alaya, s. An abode, house. 
2. any superior edifice, ^o&rocj 
ocio the body. :2esse;aio a 
temple; a church, C^r. 

t?^>ru^ alas^, see ©e^S. 

t^^;^^ alasya, s. Weariness. 2. 
idleness, laziness, sloth. 

tJS;"5)3^ alati^, J^^ e5e;D5. 

tJO^si^ alEpane, s. Humming 
a tune. 

tJO^^^oo^ alapisuni {p^-^h^^ 
V. n. To hum a tune, to sing. 

^u^-^^ alas^, ^^^ ©£;^5. 
VtJO ali, ^. Breath, life, strength. 
— 20£i^^ to pant, be fatigued, 
tired, —z^^ S^eo-rfo the breath 

^e ali 52 

is gone, or exhausted. t^oS si- 
visual strength. 
JtJ^^o^, eOsJon^r alikallu, ali- 

parnd^^i, s. Hailstone. 
• e«3 ale, s. A press, mill, as /^o 
z^oF^— a sugarcane mill, —zi^i 
Tk)^ a mill to work. 
Je5d?^J^) aleisuni (^^j^c^), 'u. n. To 
listen to, to hear attentively. 
t?s5js^=5^al5ka, s. Seeing, a view. 
2. light. 3. panegyric. efe3j3e 
^0 an object of sight. 
^tiShi'd'^ alocane, s. Reflection, 
investigation, thought. — "d^^o^ 
^ to consider, reflect on. — r; 
r^?i to advise, to give one's 
tJdoS, ydo:5, ^^-a^ avandi, 
avande, avadij, see ^h^. 
n/^JSJcI avade, s. A kind of bean, 

> asj^ avade, see ^h^, 
^^:i avara, postp. On account 
of. SDoT-^^-d on that account. 

croo^ij? ^T^ on this account. 


tyds^FfS avartane, ^. Revolution. 
2. repetition, -^o^o^a to re- 

t^sjo^ aval^, ^^^ 59^ €. 
J^^^ avaly, ^. Yawning. ^^^rs^zS 
Sir'i to yawn, gape. 

^Zj^n avasya, see ^^^o. 

tJSjj avu, see ^h^. 

tJSj^ avusa, see ^oSx>7i^. 
Je^s3 ave, ^. A potter's kiln, an 
oven. — :2j^?i, — ai:^?) to open 
a kiln. — ^r^ clay. 

^5 asca 


ty^a avedi, s. A burnt offering; 
c/. e?3coB. -=#jse:r^ to offer 
a sacrifice. 

t?s3^s* avesa, s. Possession by 
spirits, demoniacal posses- 
sion. —<^h^ to be possessed 
with a devil, be in a frenzy. 

^^"^do avodu, see ^h^. 

^3zi, asada, see ^^^r^. 

^^'i)=d\3 asakr^ta, adj. Avari- 
cious, covetous, greedy. 

tysDs:^Js)D asamari, s. A covetous 

^hf\ asige, see e?^^, s^j^t^. 

^bzj)^ asipuni (^^), 7j. a. To 
wish, desire. 

tJ^^s^re^^, tj^^^^rrf aslrvacana, 
asirvada, s. Benediction, bles- 
sing, —^jsl)?-^, see <y^erfr 

tJ^^^ra^^ asirvadipuni («'2'?^f 
a), ^/. «. To bless, confer a 

^i ase, ^. Desire, longing, wish. 
2. expectation, prospect, hope, 
—ns:^ a covetous man. — ^^ 
o) to have a wish. ~^r^o^^ to be 
disappointed, tohave lost hope, 
to despair of. — 5^e3L^, _ eoo^X^ 
to give up hope, to abandon a 
wish. — 5g6ro 4'?> to hold out 


hope. — -^s^j^ri to wish, covet, 
t52io:5or ascarya, s. Wonder, sur- 
prise, —^h^ to wonder, be 
surprised. — TitSo::;)^^ to asto- 
nish, surprise, —-dj^^^^ to 
make wonders, perform a mi- 

^S, asra 



racle. — rfs:^^^, —pdoXB a won- 
derful or remarkable thing or 

tJ^,^o asrama, s. A hermitage. 2. 
one of the four stages of 
Brahminical life, e.^- s^'^^^ 
5 a bachelor, student; ^^^ 
a householder; ^^7i\-^^ an 
anchorite; ?i?roo^ an ascetic. 

tJsJ.oJo asraya, ^. Support, re- 
fuge. 2. protection, reliance. 
3. dependence. — =^j3^r?> to 
give protection, patronise. 
—^Tk)^ to seek shelter. — "s^^j 
•^Os^oi to depend upon. 

tJJoSo^^ asrayipuni (ey^oso), 
z'. «:. To seek shelter. 

tj^ i asrite, ^. A dependant, 

£5^^^ aslesha, s. The ninth 


lunar mansion ; also ^^ e^. 

tsh^u asvlja,^. The seventh lunar 
'month (September-October). 

^^zi, tJoSD^ ashada, ashadha, 
s. The fourth lunar month 
JtSr^ asi^, s. A weaver's warp 
before starching. 2. a web, 
texture; c/. sodojs^oj- — ^oeo, 
_^ij the rake of a weaver's 

tJ?v*o5D^* asijpas^, ^. Proximity, 
vicinity, environs, neighbour- 
hood. ad7j. Round about. 

^7<>Ys> asakta, adj. Attached, de- 
voted. 2. zealous, active. 

e??o^ asakti, s. Diligence, de- 
votion, attachment. 

^7<>^ asana, s. A stool, seat. 4 
■^j^FTi^ the judgment seat, ^o 
^^7i^ a throne. 2. the anus. 
—^05. _Aoc^^j«)e3 an anal fis- 
>v^'tJ?jD^ asari^, ^. Tbirst. 2. that 
which slakes thirst. — ^js^f^j 
to give to drink. 

^7i6 asara, ^. Refuge, support. 
2. protection, patronage; c/. 

^?os5or asarme, s. Management 
of a family, care of a house- 

t5ro"3C^ asida, ^^^ ef^cJi^. 

e5?3c)^o asami, ^. A person, an 
individual. 2. a customer. 3. 
a debtor. 

eijro?^ asige, s. A mattress, bed; 

y?slj asu, ^^^ ^oJ. 

^^ ase, ^^^ ^^. 

tJrj^d askara, s. Protection, 
shelter, countenance. 
-J^r^ asti, s. Property, wealth, 
estate. — tooSo, —-do^ a man 
of property. 

ty?o aste, ad^'. Gently, slowly. 

tJ?je)?^ asthEna, s. xA.n assembly. 
2.' a hall of audience. 

e^^o vl aspatri, ^. An hospital. 

e:j;^j d aspada, s. Place to stand 
on, basis, support. 2. pro- 
tection, refuge, shelter. 3. 
means; o3jg^ nDe;s ^^^ ^^ 
I have no means of livelihood. 

e??j^ ?j^ aspas^, ^i^^ e:?c05::;)co. 

tj^ asra, 


'^oh ingi 

y?o,fl dsranne, s. A kind of 

t??ocJ asvada, s. Ability, power; 

faculty. 2. estate, property; 

wealth, riches; see ^^'^^ 
t?3oo=5c)d ahankara, ^^^ ©soo^-d. 
ejSo"^ aha, ^/2//'. of joy or sorrow. 
tJ3oc)d ahara, s. Food, provision, 

WSo5)SD ahaha, Mj. Alas, ha! 

tJ3oJ^ ahuta, adj. Offered as an 

oblation in fire. 
^SojsB ahuti, s. A sacrifice. 

v/ t?^ al^, s. A person. 2. a la- 
bourer, hired person. 3. a 
messenger. 2oe;p^? a strong 
man; a chieftain. 

Jt>^^ al^, pers. pron. fern. smg. 

J^^ ala, ^. Depth. ^^■. Deep, pro- 

tJ^e) ala, adj. Ruined, waste; 

bet. SoDW. 

tJS? all, .y^t e?e3. 
v/ei°^^ alike, i. Reign, government. 
t?^^ alita, see ^a"^^. 

VtJ^^o^ aluni {P"^^), ^'.^. To rule, 
govern, reign. e?^o?:so3o a gov- 
ernor. ef^jfTO? a governess. 

/t?^oO^, to^=^ aluvike, alvike, .y. 
^^jd! aluve, s. A family-name of 
some Bants. 

Ve:J°4^ almage, s. A servant. 
si^^^sj akshepa, ^. Objection. 
2. blame, censure. 

'3 i, The third letter of the 
alphabet. In MSS. it is very 
often written os):>. Words not 
found under this letter should 
be sought for under o^o. 

'Sio^ inka, adj. Base, inferior, 

'Sio-S- inki, see ^^oTn. 

'SioA*^ iflSrV> ^^^ '^oK. 

'S^ort:* ing^ada, J. Separation, dis- 
tinction, adj. Distinct, se- 
parate; also <^o7\i^o7\Ti^ aoXrf. 


_^^j^^, c^oiK^^^ to divide, 

separate. -es'L^^ to be divided, 

separated, as brothers etc. 

'-.SortSexS^ ingalika, see ^otxC^i^. 

^qT\d^'^ ingavuni, c.v. {of ^o 
Xo^) To cause to dry. 

ro^oh ingi, adj. Crooked. 2. false, 
spurious, as a coin. 

'^oT\€>^'6 ingilika, s. Vermilion. 

'aoA^ ingita, s. A hint, shrug, 
gesture. 2. a secret, secret 
thought. 3. intent, purpose. 

'aofio ingVL 


's.ozS imbe 

'Sorioi^o^ inguduni {^o7(oS)^z'.n. 

To stoop. 
/'Bof\^^ inguni (^2^), 't'. ^2. -^0 

absorb, as water, to dry. 2. to 

sink in, as eyes from disease ; 

also f^"K5 ^elb^. 
'^ogj^zS ingreji, .?. English. 2. a 

church. —20:^^ the English 

writing or language. 
Jr^o'^ inca, adv. Thus, so, in this 

manner; ~^^ «5oEi not this 

but that way. -a^o^ such 

and such a man.^^'^oe;^^, anph. 

just so. f^o8aS^ such, of this 

kind or sort. 
J ^02^ inci, ad^.'. Here, in this 

place. — aaoSj a man of this 

place, or of this age. 
>/ ^0^1 J?)r!o incogu, <a^^7'. Lately, 

'^ozsdoSj injayi, ^^*. Small, little. 

'^oZoi^s^ injini^, •^- An engine, 

^oi^^'^ iijil^j •^- The New Testa- 
ment, as styled by Mussul- 
J^oz:,^ indi^, see CAJorfo. 

^oC3^, '^^oCj indyi, in da, see ^o5. 

vl'So^'?) indi, t'ntj. used to call 

attention. Behold, look, take 

notice, observe. 2. there, 

take this. ^o^ please see, 

come, or take. 

'aoa indi, s. Oil-cake; bet. s^oS. 

>I ^Qdoindu,^6'y;/./»r^;2. This, f^o^e 

emph. this alone; see eroorfj. 

"Siodj^s^^ indrajala, j. Decep- 

tion, conjuring. 2. enchant- 
ment. 3- artifice, stratagem; 

Cf. SD0^3dD£^. 

'SiodSosO indrajitu, ^. A son of 

"^oJ^tjJ^ indraprasta, s. Delhi. 

'aog20a)s3 indrabale, s, A kind of 

'Sioa.oJo indriya, i". An organ of 
sense. 2. male power, semen 
virile. 3. sensual desires or 
appetites. ^ogSooajocio the five 

'Siod, indre, ^. The chief of the 
secondary divinities, supposed 
to preside over the elements, 
to be the giver of rain, and 
the guardian of the east (in 
Sanskrit Indra). 

'^ogj, '^od^^ indre, indrye, s. 
A Jain priest. 
s/aofS inne, see ^e3. 

J'oio^ impu, s. Agreeableness, 

delightfulness, pleasantness. 

'S^oeos^, 'aoZTs^ imbali^, imbali^, 

see f^od. 
'S^o^o^ imbale, s. A stout silver 
or gold bracelet. 

7'3lo^0J imbu, .y. Place, room, space. 
2. refuge, shelter. 3. opportu- 
nity, adj. Broad, wide. 

J^o25 imbe, dem. pron. m. This 
man. 4<^32of, ^oeosf, nsjodjs^o 
this woman ; plur.^'^o^o this 
person, used honor i/ically^ 
as a polite form of the sing-, 
m. or f.\ cf. ^?5, ^j3?^o. 

'Sio23j5) imbo 


'sit?^ ija 

J'^oeSJS^'^j imbolu, see ^otZ. 
*3ioSjjC^ immada, The heel. 

'Stc^j^, 'ao^^oari immadi, ijnma- 
dige, adj. Double, two-fold; 
also ^z^rTh. 

'Siosj.osj, 'So^JS^fl immukha, 
immone, adj. Double faced. 

<^=^d ikara, adv. Hither, fhis 

-^^ ikk^, see f^^r. 

'^'o^^ ikk^di, 5. Fiction, inven- 
J^'^jkz^ ikkatt^, /^'/. two bands, s. 
Narrowness, difficulty, strait- 
ness, poverty, -t??:^ to be 
confined, pent up. 2. to be 
in troubles. "^^^^S ^^.'?ir©o^, 
_a:)jsTio^ to encounter diffi- 
culties, to be in straits, adj. 
Narrow, strait. 

^T^^ ikkadi, see 2o3^^a. 

'B'^j^ ikkade, s. Both sides. 

^=CT,?^ ikkalpa, see ^^<^. 

*Bt^^ ikkale, see f^^0j<9. 
N/^=g^^^ ikkavuni, 7.'. <i;. To ex- 
tinguish, put out, as fire. <^?n)j 
5 ^e^^) to be extinguished. 
J'SiT5^j,^ikkuiii('^^^), r.a. To put, 

serve up, as food. 
-J^^o,^, '^^x^ ikkuli, ikkule, s. 
A pair of pincers or tongs. 

'S^^D ikkeri, s. The residence 
of the late Lingait kings of 
Bednore. —spdxJ^^, _?:jo;do?^ 
the kingdom of these rulers. 
— =^;»?cjj a measure of two feet 

and seven inches long. — -rf^Fs 
a gold pagoda worth thirteen 
gold fanams or four rupees. 
ro,'§ ^ ikkei, s. Both hands. 2. 

an ambidexter. 
'a-S- ikdi, see So^J^a. 
-^r^^ ig^ti, see odoj-^. 
'^ric^ igada, ^. Difference, mis- 
understanding; also ^Ac^. 
-/'S?idj^ igaruni, ^"^^ ^Ao-do?). 

'Sin'sa igadi, see ocsjjt^q. 
>/^r(jdj iguru, s. A bud, germ 

^r tender shoot. 
^/'Si/iodo^ iguruni (^a^^), v. n. 
To bud, germinate or shoot 
J'Sirlo ^igguni('^^), '^'.:?2. To draw^ 
'azia ^ iccadi, adj. Double, two- 



'S2>&Nr iccirna, s. Wonder. 

^'Si , '■as! icce, icche, s. Wish, 
desire. ' 2. appetite. 3. relish, 
delight. f^5^jj?io?3a-d according 
to one's desire or wish, as one 
pleases, ^^s^^, f^sS j^^io^ to 
wish, long for. 
J ^Stti ija, ^. Trouble. 2. importu- 
nity. —'Sji>hr?^ to trouble, im- 
portune; cf. Sos^. 

'at3c5D*^ ijar^, ^. Trousers. 

daye, ijarudare, s. An abkari 
(liquor) contractor. 2. a man 
wearing trousers. 
'Sit3c)0ri ijarige, s. An abkari 

-at^i iji 


"D^.t ita 

^.t^d ijide,^. Aw impotent man. 
^^^^ ijinu, s. Cinnamon. -^ 
■rfoTJ the cinnamon tree. — ^ 
oSor? cinnamon oil; (^/^-^ aseD ^. 
y^az^ ijji, d. V, the neg. ^ woiso, 
Negation of existence; not 
to exist, not to be- It is re- 
gularly conjugated only in 
the present and perfect tenses, 
through all persons. eooeSe/D- 
not even one. otx^s- there 
is nothing. o3jo^ t^^^ ^^^ 
I have no money. ^^^ siroeS'^j 
CA)cr5^? f^35 have you any chil- 
dren? no. Interr. '^'^ is 
there not? Emph. ^|? ^|, 
■ not in the least, not at all. 
Used as a disjunctive con- 
junction: f^^l^ if not, or; 
either — or. f^^oo not exist- 
ing, absent. <^^o^ without; 

'f' ^\' 
-J'^b^, itti^, s. Flour. 

^H itta, see f^^,- 

V'StU.d, ^Uv5 ittare, ittire, s. A 
eo so , 

mortice, cavity cut into a 

piece of timber to receive the 

end of a beam or plank. 2. a 

stone placed under a beam. 

'Sli^itti, s. The jaw; cf. ^i|. 
7-31 el ri ittige, s. A brick. 
n/'S^IoJ^ ittide, s. Narrowness. 

'2^13, a ittiri, ^. A nightingale. 

'■a^o^j, '^^^dj itteyi, ittevu, s. 
A kind of medicinal plant. 

'Scs^-S-Jl idi^lvidka, «^//'. Half 
ground, coarse, rough. 

I 'SiCS^^^o idi^pulu, see ^Tlio2Coe)o. 
ij'sc^ ida, J^^ ^^• 
j-^3^=s^|5D idakatteri, ^t^^~'^^^£o^- 
>/'St^ idi, adj. Entire, whole. —"^^ 
the whole day. 
'B^doj^ idimudi, s. A stout 
person, rt;^'. Pinioned. — ^ 
WJ^oi to bind fast, pinion. 
^ac^ooiJJSJ'oidumbulu, s. {in wrest- 
ling) The act of seizing each 
other tightly with both hands. 
>/sicl ide, .y.vPlace, room, space. 
^ 2. an abode. v8. interval, space 
between. ^'4. interval of time, 
n/ occasion, v^. a split, chasm. 

—zooiiod incessantly. 
4^-&, '■adn" ide,idegi;L, adv. Here, 
hither, so far. --^oou^ hither- 
to, so long; so far, thus far; 
'^d^^t^ idekaji, s. A bracelet 
with an indented brass rim. 
^■^\ idekei, s. Aid, help. 2. half 
grown corn (^z§#03o). 
y^dsd idetara, «^//. Middling, 
2. inferior. -^ ^^ a middle 
sized tree. 
^■^■^-h^ idenali, ^. The inner part 
of a temple. 2. the three cir- 
cuits of a temple. 
'Sid^^^ idtapidta, s. Experience. 
T^a^ ^ idpini(^S), v. a. To place, 

put down. 
^'^acl ine, see ^^. 
^^iG^D^ itabar^, s. Confidence, 
lieve, trust 

-Q?L^f), _^j<0j^o) to be- 

^^ ita 


r9^z\ ibbi 

'Si^e3e)0 itabari, ^. A confident, 

trustworthy person. 
-J '^sD^ itar^, see '^;fo^' 
'SvBoo^?^ itihasa, s. History, tra- 
ditional accounts of former 

'^£^od ittanda, s. Both parties 

or sides. 
'S^^^. ittatti^, s. Both sides or 

places. 2. both banks of a 

river, eU. 
..'a^u^, '^lo^, '^^dj ittar^, itta- 

ra, ittaru, oJv. Enough; c/. 

^^ itti, ^^6' ero^^. 

'uvl ^ ittille, i". A written report. 
—•sij^j^^i to report in writing. 

'alg^c^r ittirna, s. Sickness, 
-i 'a|sj itte, ad'j. Now, at present. 
•i —t^ emph. just now, this mo- 
ment, immediately. — s^^ of 
the present time. — Sj^ now 
for once, for the present. 
— 3uo^, e3;s^ SooaS (///.) now 
one and afterwards another, 
a proverbial expression for 
fickleness or duplicity, "to 
blow hot and cold". 
X'^t^ itte, sec caj^s^^- 

^t^7 ityartha, s. Decision, de- 
termination, settlement. — ^^ 
"G^o^^ to decide, determine, 

':D.3D^a ityadi, These and others, 
et cetera. 

'^cS^joU idamutta, adv. Till 

'Si a iddi, see <^^." 

'S f^ ina, ^^^ ^^• 

•^^i inate, ^^^ ^?^^. 

''5F^^ inapu, s. Evil disposition. 

2. defeat, discomfiture. 
'oifSDrfj* inlmi^, ^. A gift, present. 

— ^jabr^ to give a present ^r 

V'Si^inij^^z'. To-day. — ^uptot'?- 

for this day. -S from this day. 
-/'^fS ine, s. A couple, pair. 2. a 

companion, mate. — t5'L?i to 

be a match. 2. to pair [obsc.) 
'^^3^0^ inkar^, s. Abnegation. 

—^■^0^^ to abnegate. 2. to re- 
v/*^^^ inpini (^co), z/. ^. To say, 

tell. 2. to speak; also^r^^^. 
•cJSJD^a iparita? see ^s^o?^. 
'Si^^ ipuni, see a\)^s>. 
'S.s^^s ippadita, s. lit. Double 

stripes; a wale, the mark of 

a rod or whip on animal flesh. 
'DSJ =3= ippaksha, s. Both parties 

or sides. 
'^h O ippili, s. Long pepper, 

Piper lo7igum\ also ^^«5. 
J'Si^ ^ ippuni (^), 7'. ^/. To be, 

exist; rt/j"^ cms^N^^. 
'Sio^ © ippuli, J'^<? '^'^^• 
yW^ ippe, J. The olive fruit. 

—•^Ti the olive tree. 
'3itJJ?3 ibiiti, s. Sacred ashes 

with which a Sivite besmears 

his forehead. 
'3 2u^ij23* ibbirely, ^. Two fingers 




"^.^F irkei 

united by a membrane (web- 
V'azoo.c^j, ibbudlu, s. A kind of 
'oi:do ima, s. Snow; bef. oo^o. 
'^^io^ imini, see &3^j^. 
y^^o ime, ^. An eye-lash; rt;/^^ 

vZ-acdjCo^, '^Ooj^^ iyaruni, iya- 

g vuni (^ocioS, rgoiijS), ^. ^'. To 

P be sufficient ; pres. or fut, yd 

/£^rj. 72. os^ojoTJo, f^ozso^, it will be 

enough or sufficient; also ^ 

oijn^- ^oio 20Do5j-i5 f^ocso^) he is 

likely to come; past. f^od:rao5, 

f^oijs^DcS it is enough; neg. 

os^odocQ, f^orfodccS it is not 

enough or sufficient. 

'aoSod iyere, ^. This side (of a 

'ao3o^ iyye, d.7'. Yes; ^. esoS. 
J^Q^s?nTio iyyodu, aJz', This year. 
>/ ^D^ iri^, a prefix SLgni/ytngT^o, 
double, both, ^.^;cr. rs^aor a two- 
fold, f^2croro2j double edged, 
f^^orosj both sides ; in some 
cases the 5 assimilates to the 
consonant foil ozinng^ e.g.'^ti. 
t3^, os^^o^a etc. 

'^D^rja)^;* irijLSil^,^'. A remittance 

to the treasury. 
'Sdozj^irambala, J. Twenty seers. 

'Sida^:^^ irakasy, s. Sulphate of 
V<3 iri, s. Abatement of intoxi- 

y^OodjOc^ iriyuni (^5), t'. //.^To 
fall, drop, as fruits, leaves 
etc. f^&S f^^l^^ to miscarry. 
^v.a. To rub ^r squeeze bet- 
ween the hands, to knead ; see 

'SS?jc)^* irisal^, see ^5?5^^. 
'adozoo irubu, see c'X)2cor. 

'^jo.Bri iruvantige, 


Arabian jessamine. 
^dJsSo^ iruveri^, see ^^^fB. 

>/'s6 ire, s. A leaf (of a plant). 
a:^^::^ a plantain-leaf, ^o^t? 
a betel leaf. ^-^S tobacco. 


'^d^S?,ire'Aalli, s. A kind of milk- 
hedge-plant, Euphorbia ni- 

^tt\^ iregili, s. A kind of parrot. 

'S^6^c;^)4^S irebavoli, ^. A bat. 
-^'^6^^ irel^, see ^tj6.. 4. shadow. 
also ^^"S. 

'sdJS^^o irolu, see ^^Sjaf. 
>/s=5*r irk^, s. The night. —1^7(6 
day and night. 

'^^Fro^ irkannu, s. Inability to 
see by night, night-blindness. 

'^'5'z)F^^ irkavuni, c. v. (6/ ^a'or 

^' o5),To make less. 2yto extin- 
guish. 3. to stop, disturb, ^js— 
to extinguish or put out 

'^=5'jr^ irkuni (^^^), ^. n. To 

abate, lessen, be reduced. 2. 

^.- to be disturbed. ^^, to be 

quenched; also ^^^^5 ^'Setr'i. 

'^"^^ irkei, J. Both hands, -^js 

"B.OiF irda 


"a^or irme 

yj:2o ??jaLF^ to give a blow 
with both hands spread out. 
'^CJF irda, see ^-dji^^z^. 

'^^"SFooSj irnalayi, s. Double 

^i^dfO irnali, s. A double pulse. 

2. a carpenter's boring tool. 

— -^jsoX a swelling of the throat. 

J '^^Jh^ c^:i irmdn, mi??i. Two hun- 

^I'ed. [thread. 

'oi^oQrs^u irnulu, .y. A double 

^srlr^ irpakki, i". A bat. 

^9,t,Fzi=§ irpadake, adj. Ripe and 

^t>p^ irpadi, s. Double ration. 

'BSJr^, '^as^F^ irpale, irpale, s. 
A kind of net. 2. a double leaf. 
— rf ;:;^ a mat. 

''B^Fd irpude, s. Both sides, 

^^f6 irpude, s. A double load. 

^^F irpe, ^. A kind of fish. 
j'Si'^F-ioF irportu, ^. A whole day 
(forenoon and afternoon), 
twice a day. — rf £5ee3 a whole 
day's labour; cf. Zj^if^of. 
J'BZjf^ irbadi, adj. Double, two- 

'D.ZjFzj'^ irbalappu, s. A double 
growtli. 2. a twist. 3. tight- 

'a^OF0^;^ irbalipuni (f^^reD). 
7', r/. To tie a cloth round 
the waist, to gird (the loins). 
2. to fasten a thatclic<l roof 
witli doal)i(i ro])('s over it, 

'J i. ^ o , ': I. F :,' irbale, irba je, -v . 

A double l.r:ic.']"t. 2. double 

transverse laths or slips of 
bamboos, palms eU. 
'azjF^xi^^irbalyuni (^sor^"),?'. ;/. 

To be benumbed. 
'awi5F05j irbdyi, s. A double edge. 
—rf ^^5 a double edged sword. 
~zi ^^^6 a snake, serpent, 
'awoF irbu, see ax>2:)0F. 
J'^zoJFOoJoo^ irbuliyuni (<^2oor^j, 
7.'.n. To curdle, be decom- 
posed, as milk eie. 
'^^oForl irmande, s. Two vessels 
placed on the same hearth. 
2. a large forehead 3. a very 
large vessel. 
'^sJoFi^^^ irmadike, adj. Double, 

two fold ; see ^^^^^'^^ <^2ora. 

'Si^o^fSirmane, s. Horripilation. 

2. rising up, as of corn shoots, 

j ^adJFo^F irmarli^, s. Fickle- 

I mindedness, unsteadiness, 2. 

! 'B^.f6f irmarle, s. A fickle- 
minded man. 2. an idiot. 

'adJSF^F irmirpu, 

- - ^ 



A kind of 

I fish. 

I 'a^ooFfl,'3SjOOF^irmuiie,irmune, 

' ,s\ A double edge cr point. 

-i ^cij^4 a double pointed 

style used for writing on 

palmyra l(\M\-es. 

'j-:t-.~^ irmena, ser ns^r^f. 

Ojj, ':.^^r inneyi, irmei, a. 

Doth sides. ', 

(lilVercnt <"'l()u 
on <';icli ^i<le. 

a cloth of 

r.r lextui-e 

"S^^^^F irmo 


'^^, ishia 

'S^sSj^^fdI irmone, see f^o^ooso. 
•J^^^F, ^v'F irl^, irliji, ^. Dusk, 

darkness, night. 
<BOF irla, s. Two seers. ^eJrD 

two seers of rice. 
J^ziF irva, mim. Twenty. ~^ 

"^ziFod irvande, see ^^Fo-d, 
"asjr^ irvala, see ^^f. 
'SkSj'SFd irv4ra, adv. A second 

time, twice. 
n/ ^dro^ irveri^, (personal form 

of the numeral ^S). Two 

-j^sS^FO irveri, s, A medicinal 

plant, Andropogon muri- 

^S^Fod irvonde, s. Two kudtas 

or eight fluid ounces. 
^"^F^^ irvolu, see f^^js<s*o. 

d'^-^F'^:^ irvolu, ^^z'. Two times, 
twice; of. ^s3T)r-d. 

^?:e)5^c* irsali^i, see ^-^^• 

'S.^D-S-, '^o^^ ilaki, ilake, s. {in 
official language) A depart- 
ment, a branch-office. adj. 
Belonging or attached to a 

"^^ifih ilaci, s. A female's cloth. 

^S3e)3 ilati, see ^e^sorfoS. 

'S^^-?)^}^ ilal^, s. A large torch, 

y*3,© ill, ^^^ •s?^. 

^'S^Ocdio^ iliyuni, v.n. To fall, 
tumble, come down. 

'^^ii lie, ^. ^A hair. 2. a fibre 
3. a fold, plait. "s^v^eS— three- 
fold. o3oe§_ how many fold; 
of Soe3. 

^s3 ile, ^^'^ ^^• 

'aoo,^) ilkuni, i"^^ ovxyo,^. 
v^e^* illu, .y. A house, dwelling. 
2. a family. ^e^S, '^e;^^^ at 
home, in the house. <^«5^iSK 
#e^?i to go home. — cd^^os^^j 
the inmates of a house. — ^^^ 
o) to build a house. 

'Si.^zoJSCio illaburu, s. A kind of 
creeper used in thatching 
roofs and plaiting baskets and 
small boxes. 

"^^J^rf illas^, see ^e^^^j. 

'^sS ille, sec cod . 

CO '^ 

'^sSi. ishta, adj. Acceptable, 
agreeable, pleasant, wished, 
cherished, beloved. ^M^^bo) 
to be loved, cherished. -^ 
oc^oF a desired-for event; an 
object which pleases one. — s^^ 
friends. -^o3o a dearly be- 
loved friend. -t^ja^aiji sa- 
voury food, a favourite dish. 
^.Wish, desire. 2. friendship, 
familiarity, love. —^'^\^^ to 
break off friendship. —"^ 
"^^v^ to make friendship, to 
love, like. <^m, "^^^ ?roodoK zl)j32S 

o ei — w 

^i) {f'^ov^ three blows to him 
who makes love, and three 
measures of ghee to him 
who causes discord. 

^^ ishta 


'^^ ili 

0315^.20 S ishtasiddhi, s. Attain- 
ment or fulfilment of one's 


ship, familiarity. 

^3Si?).C3"5)rf ishtacara, s. Friend- 


'ci.^^,?^^^, ishtanishta, adj. Liked 

so ^ eo 
and disliked. 2, good and 


'B.^dA ishtanna, see f^^ s^jaeSd?^. 

ti < ' . 

^ass«) ^> i ishtanpitve, s. Simple 


^3Tc),c^r ishtartha, s. The object 
of desire. 2. the highest good. 

•a^, ishte, s. A friend, compa- 
nion. ~^M, friend and foe. 
5§p5a7^5 relatives and friends. 
^''a-/, 'SA) is^, isi, m/y. express- 
ing disgust. 
-l^Tfo^ isvl\;i, ^. Whistling, -s:;) 
Tk)^ to whistle. 

.^7^ isa, ^^^ ^M- 

'a?otOT^oo* isabakuli^, s. The seed 
of Plantago Ispaghula. 

'aT^dojoAO, -a^j^jooh isamungi- 
11, isamungli, s. Crinum de- 

'a?;>dZo^D^' isaraber^, s. The root 
of the plant Aristolochia 

'a,;c6 isare, sec ^i>^. 

'a.X^, 'a-i isavi, isvi, ^. The 
Christian era. 

^=j^d, 'a.ojejds^isara, isarat^, s. 

A sign, hint. 
'a?^, ^;5^^ ise, isenv, «^^'- Now; 

at once; cf. '^^^^ 
'a,?^ , 'a^vi^x^o iskru, iskuru, ^. 

A screw, 
'a 5e02»)o ^* istambuli^, ^. A Turkish 

gold coin worth about Rs. 2 

As. 8. 
'a^l^^d istara, ^^^ ^i^s^^j. 

^?o^^D*, '^2^3030^ istyari^, isti- 
har^, ^. A notice. — ?ro^ a 
notification ; an advertise- 

"tKk istri, s. A smoothing iron. 
—■^^\^^ — sDc^j^ to iron wash- 
ed clothes. 

'^'r^^\:f, '^^^^' isp%,ispet^,^. 
Playing cards. 

^Tf A^ isl^gidi, s. A kind of 


'a^o iss6, ^^^ ^i" 
'a^d iha, i". The present state. 
—■ts6 this world and that to 

V'a^es-SD^ ilijar^j -i^^- A slope, slop- 
ing ground. 2. slipperiness. 

J'a^oioo^, iliyuni (^^), -r/.w. To 
slip out or down, to slide; 
also f^^SigpeSb^. 

^ 1 


^o;jj iya 


The fourth letter of the 
alphabet. In MSS. it is often 
written osus. 

ifpron. 2nd per s, sing. Thou ; 
emph. =^o3j? even thou. 

i, de?n. pron. This or these; 
as ^ e?F9 this boy, =^ ^"^ 
these people. 

•^on*cs-25^c^ ino^udavuni, c.v. (of 
^oAc^o^) To cause to stoop. 
■dson^do^, -d^orlodj^) ingijiduiii, 
inguduni, see '^oisCiTi^^. 
4^oihZi^ incili^, see =^el^. 
4^qz^ ind^, J. The sago-palm, 
Caryota urens. 
•^oEo^ imbala, ^. A kind of leech. 

J-^oz3 imbe, adv. This side, here; 

of. ^f D^^. 

■d^^cl ikkane, s. An arrow. 

J'-^^^o^ icili^, ^. The wild date. 

— ^Tj the wild date-tree, 

Phoenix syheslris. 
J -^2:^0^, -^2^0^ icuni, ljuni (^sS", 

^2^), ^. ^. To swim. 
•^^3^ ity, 5. Manure, fertilizer 

(of land). 2. fat, sap. — stotId^ 

to manure. 
Nr(^l3 iti, 5". A lance, spear. 
J^T^ idi^L, ^. A pledge, pawn. 2 . an 

equivalent. — croo^^ to stand 

security, —^ja^f^^i to deposit 

a pledge, to pawn. — e?b^ to 

be equal, to match, pair; s:j^ 

^Xo ^zssL^o) to be liable to 

^T^f\, ^i%f\ id^ge, idege, «^7\ 

In vain; cf. ^^^. 
■^^ idi, see f^a. 
^d, -d^cln* Ida, ideg^, see ^^, 

■^cl ine, J". A lute, a fretted 
musical instrument of the 
guitar kind; also ^^^, 2)es?. 
"1^^ iti^, ^W(^. ^2/;;2. So much, 
so many; emph. ^i? just so 
much, only so much. ^^B 
pi. so many (people), ^^ 
i^o-R, ^3D^o^ SO far, as far as 
this, up to this. =^§ ^^r, 
^is^jjUj so far, so long. =^ 
^?3s is this all ? ^sdS being 
so; nevertheless. <^3^§ (^ 
^-eyg) so and so much or 
so and so many; with neg. 
it denotes unlimitedness: not 
a little, inexpressible. 

■^c5?2or^, -^c^sjojyidanenge, ida- 
mutta, see ^§^0^, '^sijjSot: 
under =^^. 
V-d?^^ ipini (^^), ^'. «. To shoot 

(an arrow). 
^^ti ipe, ^^^^. This side, -rf s^?^ 
people on this side or part. 
— Q^^ this side. 

■^20J33 ibuti, see ^^si>^. 

-^ojosj iyavu, ^(^^ f^oJo^. 


•d50i3e) iya 


ewoc^o undu 

iyyandii, see fgodocS under ^, 

■^o:33e)Sj^ iyavuni, see osjodoT^o^. 

^o3j6 lyere, sec ^oSot?. 
J-^D* iru, /<?rj. pro7t. {pi. of"^)^ 
You, 2^^-^^ Jionorifically in 
addressing a person. 

•^dori^ irangade, s. Separation. 

•^c!c9 irana, s. A small drum. 
'!4-d^0olo irinti, ^. A cricket. 

-d?do^) iruni (^S), z'. «. & n. To 
rub off, be worn out. ^&S 
^e^^ to undergo wear and 
tear, wear off, be reduced 
to powder. 2. to pick up. 

■d?do^, irulli: see ^e"rfo^. 
■^dJSS'^ iroli;, ^. The tender 

fruit of the palmyra tree. 
■^sjra irpadi, ^^^ ^-t^r-h. 
■ds^ ise, s. A lord, master. 
■d?4^isvara, 3". The eleventh year 

of the Hindu cycle. 
•d?4^23^D^ isvarabsr^, see ^t^ 

■d?^6 isvare, s. The Supreme 
Being. 2. a name of Siva. 

■^T^^n^ isatugyi, Wz'. Instantly, 
this moment. 

■^?do^ is^ni (^!^), e-. <?. To 


•n^ u, The fifth letter of the 

alphabet. In MSS. it is often 

written 4- 
ef\)o=5^ unka, s. Dirtiness, filthi- 

iiess; c/. ^o^. 
nAtooA^ ungila, s. A ring. -85^56" 

the ring-finger. 7iji>^t)oo7\(sj a 

plain ring. 
enjor(o£j, ?A)or(j5^ ung:uta, ungu- 

shta, s. The great toe. -eSx?^ 

the thumb. 
VOorloOj VLUgVLTVL, see <^oz:)o-o:> and 

erooZ^ unci, see eAOoel 

vuoGt)^2o^, undddibatte, s. A 
lazy fellow given to gluttony. 


"j^oz^h^, m)oJ3Ddo3^^^ undapi- 
ni, undaduppuni, see ^ork>. 

eroo^, eA}o^2^^b^ undi, undicit^, 
J. A bill of exchange; deL 

?roow^ri undige, s. A sheaf of straw. 

^o^o3o undiye, see cadoiS, cA)ci5g. 
J^j\)oZ^j undu, ^.7'. There is, or 
exists. 2. ^« answer to crooks;), 
croozSja? is there? and other 
questions: there is, yes. 3 . with 
the dative case it expresses 
possession, '^o^ CA^or^ I have. 
CfOozjcSb^ to come into exis- 
tence, to spring up, arise; 
CA)ozjDO50?i4 that which has- 

eADodo undu 


occurred, what is really a 
fact, what exists, croozs^rfos^ 
o) to exist. —•^'^^?^ to create, 
produce; to invent. — -d^^cro 
o3o the Creator. 

ioi:^o°^ori unduluga, s. A kind 
of fried cake. 
jAiod unde, s. A ball, globe. 
2. a ball-shaped confection. 
od, vood^ unde, undye s. A 
sheaf of straw ; cf. CA)f|^^. 
)ozid ri undluga, see av>ozl)<s<oX. 
'^tA)o3"S5j^ untavuni, c. v. (of ca)o 
i^o^) To cause to stand up. 
2. to detain, stop. sip©^— 
to allow further time to a 
debtor to pay his debt. 
7^o^o^ untuni {^oU)^ v. n. To 
stand. 2. to remain, stay. 3. 
to stop, cease. 
>/tADoCJo undu, pers. pro7i. neut. 
This, it. croorf^od besides this, 
moreover. ^//croorS^^j^j these. 
^0?^^ unnata, adj. High, lofty, 
tall, supreme. 
-/m)o2oo7^, ?njo20J2;§ , pA^ozSumbu^e, 
umbucce, umbe, s. The white 
flowered thorn-apple. Datura 
alba; also eSjs^o — ; ^^\— or 
^5— D.fastuosa; see ooo-^^. 
'^J"0o2oo"^ umbuca, ^. A kind of 

^o2ood umbuda, :?. A kind of 

-SA)oEOJzl umbude, adj. Globular 
and small, s. Chewed betel. 
^ozood;:;^ umbudepakki, s. A 
kind of bird; cf. ca)o80ot^. 

ervjozoodo umburu, s. A kind of 
small leech; also =^oai^. 

^'^J0^3 umbe, ^^^ £A)o^Do;^. 
v^eA)oe3jS^ umboli, ^. A freehold, 
land granted without rent. 
2. any present, donation; gra- 
tuitous service. 

STOods), ^Ajo^js^i^ umma, ummap- 
pa, int. (when startled)^ mean- 
ing Who knows? 2. 1 do not 
VVuoOo ummi, see oo^. 

vuo^oofi ummu^e, see ^oz:)o-R. 
-^Voosjoo^ ummuta, s. The purple 
thorn-apple, Daturafastuosa 
which is said to cause mania. 
see a\)o2^c>7(. 

eADosdojdo ummuru, see ctoosootjo. 

^OodoF'D urndula, see croo-rfos^^oX. 
J^odF urnde, s. A lump. 2. a 

eniodrzoJSdo urndeburu, ^. The 
smooth-leaved heart-pea, the 
creeper Cardiospennum ha 
y^o^ro*^ urndel^, adj. Round, 
circular. — 3jDodo?j small rice 
pastry balls baked or boiled 
with sugar and milk or 
cocoanut juice. 

eA)oc^o 7J\ urndluga, see ^oxk^^^-K. 

CO • . v^ 

y^AD^so^, ?AD^^o* ukal^, ukkal^, 
s. Vomiting. 2. an emetic. 
— SijejDZOo cholera. 
eAj=a>^, 5AJ^o,d ukkada, ukkuda, 

4 s. A small boat. ^2. a look- 
out place between the bounds 
of two towns. 

^=5^, ukka 



^s\)Z^ uja 

>/sro=5e),5Sc^ ukkavuni, see cross r^^. 

^ 5A)^ ukki, s. Steam ; c/ ^^^, ^sS. 

^vu^o,^ ukkuni (^^^j), i^>n. To 
boil, bubble up. 2. to run 
over in boiling. 3. to swell 
up, spring up; c/.^ ^"^c^r^. 

JeAjrio* ugar^, adj. Brackish; also 


^f^HD^ ug^adi, see odooT^a. 

/en^A^Q^ ugipuni (w^), t'.;2. To 
spit out. 
^riodi^ 7^ ug-uraddige, s. A neck- 
lace with chasings or engra- 
vings like finger nails. 
/*Airiodj uguru, s. A nail, claw. 
~?jj^^ a whitlow. — ^^ tepid, 
erorljjjo^jjsdo uguruburu, s. The 

creeper Daemia cxtensa. 
enirt ugga, ^. Over-boiled rice; 

cf. 3^Xf. 
-%\)h uggi,^. A handle. 2.ahook. 
— ?rUj^^ to fasten a hook ; also 

A A . 

Jyerorio^ ugguni (^^), ^.n^To 
stammer. "^2. to spurt. ?5£^ 
5— blood to flow by spurts. 
n/ ^smA o* uggel^, ^. A well. 

erori ugra, «^'. Angry, vehement, 
passionate. 2. cruel, s. Wrath, 
rage. cfOT^h^ to be angry. 

wrg^ra, ^rra^r?7^ ugrana, ugra- 
nige, ^. A storeroom. — crooSo; 
see c/U7\2)r3. cSXco— a granary. 

»A)rra,?? ugrani, s. A storekeeper, 
steward. 2. a village peon 
under a Potail. 

^^ ugre, ^. A passionate man. 

^e^^sJvB ucapati, s. Dealings on 

v. n. To exceed the bounds of 
propriety either in word or 

^mht> ucita, adj. Proper, sui- 
table, fit. s. A gift. a\)8J3;)5 
freely, gratis. 

eAJS^^s'zi uccakacca, s. Quarrel, 
fiorht. 2. ^^d? 00)81 ^y,. 

eA)e^ ^y, uccakitta, see ^4 ^"i- 

^s:^ ojo uccaya, ^^^ av);^^^. 

^z:^ Q^:^ uccaripuni (eA);-i 5), ^;.^. 
To utter, pronounce. 

^roz^^^ uccalu, see crotys ^. 

erui5-5)ei?S uccdtane, «y. Exorcising 
evil spirits. 

eA)25i?) ojj, uccaya, ^^'^ caj^^so. 

^oe^^d, ^'^u^5e)dfl, uccara, ucca- 

rane, ^. Pronunciation. 
SA)e5e) ^^ uccal^, J. A hammer. 
?A)&5c) ^ uccava, ^^^ a\)^so. 
SA^e^ ucci, ^. A snake. 2. a worm. 

—TjQ&dn a kind of fish. 
eru2>^=5'H uccikatta, s. A loose 

knot. 2. spots on the skin 

of serpents. 
eru2;^j uccu, s. A snake, serpent; 

c/. cf\f)iio. 
>m)i;i uja,^\ A fountain, spring. 

—7j^ ^orf a marshy field ; see 

OX) 22. 

^'XiZdd ujade, s. A deserted per- 


^2^ uja 


^rJ uni 

en)Z;icl ujade, s. Light, splendour. 

-_e?-!j^ to become light. 
^JX)'i^^ ujadu, ^. Ruin, -z^h^ 

to be ruined. 
^23^, ^e:323"e) ujila, ujila, adj. 

White. — eip© white colour. 
^^ uje, ^^^ ^^' y~^^2si^ to 

ooze, percolate, trickle. 2. to 

become swampy. 
?AJ2^ ^0 ujjatu, ^. Force, violence. 

— ^o^Ov^^ to force. 
y/^2^D^^ uJJ%j -y- A swing. 2. A 

-^^tij^ Uj7uiii (^^), ^. ^. To 

rub; c/. w:ioF^. 
v/^A}2§ D^, ^2£ ^D^ Ujjeru, ujjeriji, .y. 

A pestle. 
eroe3^o5j?;jj^, °o^)to4;i utayisu- 

ni, utavuni (w&sosj^, CA)&ra), 

T. a. To raise, lift up; cf. 

^vi^^dcl utarane, s. Forgery, 

^^^ uttu, see ^oyo^. [^.i^thing. 
^eJj?Aejc2 uttutane, s. Food and 
^eSjss? uttoli, see ^ossja^. 
^Uac^od udadhara, ^. A gold or 

silver girdle; ^to ?3do^^-^. 
^iiaOfi, ^C3^a/i udarig-e, udari^e, 
. .y. A kind of cake. 
J^s^Ti^^ , ^'\}cs'9^^ udal^, udaly, s. 

The belly, stomach. -3id 

hectic fever. 
t"\-;3c)05j?^o^, ^(3^?;;j^udayisuiii, 

udasuni (trozs^oso^, emasoJ), 7/. «. 

To deny, contradict. 2. to 


SA)^ udi, ^^^ ^^. 

pAj^T^d udiffere, s. A gift, sog^e 
* &j 

030 SjosS— e?E3<2;s 2jo^— (J)rov.) 

a betelnut may be a present 
as much as an elephant. 
y^T^zi:^ udu, s. An iguana. 
erudo udu, s. A star. 2. water. 
^eA}dj=5^o uduku, ^. A kind of 
small drum. 
eA^s^ori uduge, see ^oTio-R. 
^d^A6 udugere, see wa/^T?. 
?A)do9e)d ududhara, see erozitpsTj. 
^do3J.I udupati, ^. The moon. 
ven^digO^ udetteli^,^. Bruise. <^^*. 

v%v>cl^^, ?A)cl4^ udepuni, ude- 
vuni (^^), V. a. and /2. To 
break, split, as pottery etc, 
N^A)^ uddi, s. Any pile of three, 
with one on the top, as marbles, 
seeds etc. —t^^h^ to set thus 
in piles of four each. 
?A)r^o zi ?S udduddane, adv. In 
rapid succession, one after 
another, over and over again. 
— ^fj^^ to speak hastily. — 20 
hr^ to come or follow in close 
tf\.zi^T5 udsure, s. A honorary 

gift; C/. CADSy^d 

^^£^ti unape,^^*. Little recover- 
y\jr30^ unar^, see ©r®^. 
v'^rs)?^* unasyi, .y. A meal, dinner, 
boiled rice and curry; also 
v/^r^oJ, ^P9c3. [young. 

^AirJd unile, adj. Small, short. 

^!\i^:i unu 


enirf uda 

Aroraj^^, ^'*vjr?^^ unupini, unpini 
(cmf^), V. a. To take one's meal, 
to dine, eat rice, (in oppo- 
sition to a slight repast of 
fruits, cakes e^c). 
4 trorl,^^ unkel^, s. The time of 

evening. 2. the night-meal, 
s/^eroc^o unpu, s. Boiled rice, solid 
food; alsc ^o^. 

W3^D^ utarij, s. An antidote. 

eA}^^ uttana, see £A)g^fj. 

^j^ sjo uttama, adj. Best, chief, 
superior. 2. excellent, virtu- 
ous. CA)^ -^o an excellent man. 
eA)^^jse^^o the very best; God. 
—^•doTi, the first person, gram. 

tA)^ d uttara, ^. The north. 2. 
an answer. 3. (in law) a de- 
fence, adj. (Left), northern; 
subsequent, later. — -S^oSo 
funeral ceremonies. — ss^a a 
surety, bondsman. 
7-ero^Ofl uttarane, ^. The shrub 
Achyranthes aspera. 

tro^D^p^^D uttaradhikari, s. A 
successor, heir. 

y\)^Dsodjra uttarayana, s. The 
sun's course to the north of 
the equator. 

^AD^DDoS'Sc:^ uttarEshada, s. The 
twenty-first lunar mansion. 

tA)^Ori uttarige, s. An upper 
^^' outer garment. 2. a towel. 

tro^ 6 uttare,^. The twelfth lunar 
mansion, the tail of Leo. 

-eru^^c^, *jo 3^^ cI'S', uttana, utta- 
vali, s. Haste, rashness, 

ero3^d uttara, see eroqro?^. 

eAi3^?d uttasa, s. Zeal, perse- 
verance. 2. a rash, ^^ stre- 
nuous exertion. 
>/en)^o„4 uttutti, ^. The dried 
date fruit; also ^to^tj^coo. 

ero^_jjj^o uttuma, ^^^ en^^irfj. 

eros^F^ utthana, s. Rising. 2. re- 

?A)|^3g utpatti, s. Birth, origin- 
2. produce, profit. 

ero|^^ utpanna, s. Birth. ^^'. 
Produced, born. 

eA)^ ^ utsava, ^. A festival, pub- 
lie rejoicing. "d^j^e^d the 
procession of an idol on a 
car. — ^jjs^F a moveable idol 
generally taken abroad du- 
ring a procession. 

^^ 3o, ^3«),36 utsaha, utsaha, ^. 
Festivity, joy, rejoicing 2. j 
energy, strenuous exertion; s 
it is often interchanged with 

mj^^jjri) utrani, see cA^_^^f?. 
^q3»)D* uthary, s. A free gift, 
a freehold. 
J sajCj^s' udaka, ^. Water. 
V^do^j udaya, j. The rising 
of the sun, moon, or other 
heavenly bodies, crorfodo^e;. 
the dawn. 
eA)dc^ udara, ^. The belly. 2. the 
core of any thing. —^^^^^ 
feeding the belly. -^jae3 colic. 
J SAidoj^ udaruni, see crodox^j^. 
sAiCidjr udarme, see ca)^tj. 


voCj uda 


vusSx;^^ udyo 

-^ m)do^ udali^, s. The white ant. 

^do*^o2^ udali^punca, s. A 
white-ant-hill. 2. (med.) a 
cancer ; pins 6'r pinlike holes 
on the sole of the foot 
-•/pAiC^d udale, s. Saliva, spittle. 

?Aj23"J)^ udatta, adj. Liberal. 2. 
lofty. 3. high, as a note in 
music, s. The acute accent, 

min^o^ udari^, j. The credit sy- 
stem, lending. 

ero^-sd udara, adj. Liberal, 
generous. -^^, — ^^ liberality. 

^C3^dcl, ^C3"3clr udarane, uda- 
rne, ^^<? crocD^iifS. 

VUG'S 23^ udali^, ^^^ crorf6. 

eAJ£3S?^, eA)Cj-3^^?i udasa, udasina, 
^^■. Unconcerned, neutral. 
s. Neglect, indifference. — crooSo 
a careless man. 

eAiC3S3odcl udaharane, s. An 
answer. 2. an example, il- 
^vuD udi, see crorfodo. 

>/?A)a33^5Sc^ udipavuni, ^. v. {of 

ca)qL^^) To beget. 
v/ema^^, udipini, ^^^ eroaodoo^. 

^roa^j udime, s. Merchandise, 

eAjaoJoeS^^^ udiyabenpini, v.n. 
To become rich. 
^/en^aoJoo^ udiyuni (we^), 7;. «. To 
rise, as the sun. 2. to be 
v/^cjo^ udupu, s. The act of 
coming into existence. 

eA)doD20v.'^do uduriburu, s. The 

creepers Asparagus sarmen- 

tosus^ and Asparagus race- 

Ven^dodj^ uduruni, v. n. To fall, 

drop off. 2. to hang down. 
>/?A)d ude, ^. A sheath. r ^^^^ 
enicSD'5)r1 uderaga, J. A morning 
•s/^d^sjc^ udsvuni (^^S?), v. a. To 

throw out. ^'. n. The hands to 

shake, as in sickness. 
^cSjs udo, intj. A formula 

used in presenting offerings 

to a goddess. 
Vsrucj udda, J. Length. 2. distance. 

adj. Long. — jsixs^dosoctooSo a 

prattler, braggart, bully. 
^d^s^oc^ o uddakuddya, adj. {lit. 

long and short) Middle sized. 

2. separate. 3. distinct, adv. 


srudO uddari, see ca)to5. 

?A)C3i5d uddara, see wiro-d, 

en^dj s5o uddume, .r^^^ ca)q^o. 

eAJCS?^ d uddhara, ^. Deliverance. 
2. protection. 3. prosperity. 

^^t^ to obtain deliverance; 
to become rich. — ^o<^o^^ 
to protect, support, —^j^hv^ 
to deliver the spirit of a de- 
ceased person from the power 
of a demon by propitiating it. 

SAD^o^oZ^r^ udyarcane, s. The 
biennial ceremony of washing 
an idol. 

^t^^s^^^t\ udyoga, s. Exertion, 
J industry. J2. business, occu- 

voSj udri 


enisj upa 

pation, employment. — ^ a 
public servant. 

y\)^ udri, s. A braid of false 
^b\Qt.. udri, s. A match, pair. 
-ttdtS an equal. 

srog^r^j^ozl udrigonde, s. A hair- 
ornament. [SOjSTiO. 

?roe>,2JJ?)C^o udriburu, ^^^ cn^dib 

•■s\.c!i:),T^ udruni, see crorfo-do^. 

^"^A^r^ udreka, s. Excess, super- 
abundance, adj. Excessive. 
=??j«)e^e^?^ outburst of wrath. 
^^j»e^o^ excessive lust. 

eAjq3"3dDl udharane, ^^^ croa^^x^??. 

en^r^sS unape, ^^^ cror®^. 

eru^^ unile see cn^rfd 

eA)?d,^ unnata, see ^o^^. 

^A)3i upa, A Saiiskrit prefix im- 
plying direction. 2. vicinity. 
3. inferiority. 

^s^tj^"^ upakathe, s. An episode. 

^A)3i=g'dr3 upakarana, s. An ap- 
pendage. 2. means, materials. 
3. an instrument, tool. 4. 
vessels used in worshipping 
an idol. 

SA)3J5-9C^, vo?j=SrN3 upakara, upa- 
kri^ti, s. A service, favour, 
kindness, benefit. cadzJ^s 
a benefactor. 

y^i^j'e^,do upakrama, s. Taking in 
hand, setting about. 

«A)sin2,dj upagrama, s. Suburb. 

ero3J2;^Cjfl, ws^tScXJ upacarane, 
upacara,^. Politeness, courtesy. 
^j\jt/ upajadra, sec crurJrfj. 

^sJd^sJ upadesa, j. Instruction, 
teaching. 2. initiation into 
the mysteries of religion. 

"Jusjd^^ upadesi, s. A teacher. 
2. a catechist, C^>^;'. 

en:;c;dj, ?nj53e)^, en^ss^a upadra, 
upatra, upadi, ^. Calamity, ad- 
versity, trouble, affliction; of. 

m)3JF^ol)^ upanayana, s. The 
ceremony of investing a Brah- 
man boy with the sacred 

^3isJd upapada, s. The modern 
grammatical term for article, 
also any subordinate word 

, in a sentence. 

"s^-C^Sh^x^'^ upabodhake, s. An 
assistant teacher. 2. a deacon. 
Chr. [division. 

en^sjsp^ri upabhaga, s. A sub- 

^5Js5o upame, s. Resemblance. 

2. comparison. 3. simile, 

^j\)3Jo3j?^r\ upayoga, s. Appli- 
cation, use. 2. advantage, 

pA}3JDe)r( uparaga, s. An eclipse. 

eA)3JD'e)^ uparali, see ctod^o. 

SAisJD upari, adv. Above, over, 
after; also ca)20&. 

cADSisSjr uparme, see ca)^57^. 

yv)3JS3-);^ upavasa, see cajsa)?^- 

eA)3J2J^o^ upasamana, J. Put- 
ting to rest. 2. alleviation. 

3. calmness, rest. —^^^ to 
be alleviated, assuaged. — ^o 
^o^^) to appease, pacify. 

t'^^r. upa 


eruz3 ube 

^A^rl^ri?- upasarg-a, -y. A gram- 
matical term for preposition, 
e.^. ©si, ifoij etc. 

«A)3J;o upastha, s. Tiie parts of 
generation of either sex. 

y\)3J3oa upahati, s. Mischief, 
trouble. 2. calamity; cf.^:> 

'ii^^ijof\ uplnga, s. An appendix 
to 55)OA. 2. a subordinate 
scientific treatise, of which 
there are twelve according to 
the Hindu sastras. 

5A}>je)^SjOF upakarma, s. The 
annual festival of purifica- 
tion among the Brahmans 
between July and August 
when their sacred threads 
are renewed. 

?A)Sjc)a upadi, see cA)2jrfj. 

SAjSj^oJoupaya, s. An expedient, 
device, scheme. 2. means. 
3. stratagem. [s:;);^. 

^wS3"S^ upasa, s. Fasting; also 

en)s5^=^ upekshe, s. Disregard. 
2. want of appetite. 3. reluc- 

^^C3^ uppad^, see oosj^S. 

^T^tij^ uppadi^ imper. of ero^?). 
Jero^Ori upparige, s. The upper 

story of a house. 
^^3J.^ uppala, s. Macaranga 

>^'?Aj^Ci7^ uppalige, .y. A kind of 

tree, see ^s^t\^. 
^^T^Zy^X^ uppadi^, s. Pickles. 
-/ ^TJST^ 0^ uppariji, ^^<? CA)20?). 

n/^ajTj) uppu, s. Salt. £A)4^^ brack- 
ish. — oieS salt water. ®^— 
refined salt. ^a— small 
grained salt. ^^^%; ^^^ 
salt, Bombay salt. •doGf^oi|^ 
earth salt. 

-/^ro^c^uppuda, ^. Salted fish; of. 

J^s^^^ uppuni (^^), ^V. <'. To 
be, exist. 2. to abide, live in. 

3. to help, support, protect. 

4. c. dat. pers. to have, pos- 
sess; ^Z^^* ^3|^?), {past <^^etc.) 

^^_^dJ^ uppuruni (cro^-do), v.7t. 
To faint, stagger. 
v/eA)3j^^doc^ upperuni(^"«^^s^),z'. n. 
Cattle to copulate. 
^o5c),© uprali, ^. Spite. 
noyance. — ^o^^?) to despise, 
deride; to annoy. 
^ ^SKiUTf, ''S^z^Tf ubarix, ubaryi, s. 
,>^Brackishness. adj:{B.\g\i. 2. 
turbid. <2;^/r'.yAbove. — ^e^salt 
water. —^^ brackish, or 
barren soil. — ^j^to^^^ fish 
to ascend a river with the 
tide. — ■sio-'sO the stench of 
(stagnant) sea-water. 
^i^^A ubalige, s. A kind of tree- 
J^roi^ ube, s. Steam. — ^ sroi^o^ 
to bleach clothes. 2. to drive 
out any vermin by smoke. 
3. to ripen fruits by artificial 
heat ; also ^^^ 
QTOiS, ero;^- ube, ubbe, see ^s|^. 
J5A)E3dj^ uberuni (^^B)^ v.n. 
To become thick. 

en;) 2J, ubba 


eroQ uri 

^2A^d, SAi23-^o* ubbara, ubbaryi, 

see cro2oS. 

/tAiUd ubbara, adj. High. 2. 

swollen. 3. turbid, adv. Aloft, 
J ^f)^ziK ubbasa, see ^s^^?^. 
y "JV)2^ ubbi, 5-. Saliva, spittle. 

— ^ie^ viscid spittle. ~oc5oo^4 

a spittoon ; [^e^si^. 

s/ enjt^r^ ubbina,^". A spittoon; ^/.y^ 
y€A)to^aJoj^ ubbiyuni (^23^), v.n. 

To spit. 
Venjzjo^^, ^ei^doc^ ubbuni, ubbe- 

runi (^ai^, '^^^^)j ^'- ^^- To 

swell. 2. to be elated with 

joy or puffed up with pride. 
yerud;^ ubbesa, s. Difficulty of 

breathing, gasping. 2. asthma. 

— 20^r^ togasp, be breathless; 

to suffer from asthma; also 

eniZosTsId ublapatera, s. Stam- 
mering, lisping. 
^23 uble, s. A stammerer. 


eroE^cx^j ubhaya, adj. Both, two. 
—^5. ~^5 both parties. -^ 
on both sides or places, 
^erodo^ umani, see ess^orS. 

>/ tfoOj umi, i". The husk or chaff 

of paddy. 
^eru^o* umili^, .y. A mosquito, 

gnat, -a ^'oowo a musquito- 

er\)^ ume, j. The wife of Siva; 

also sj^^rS. 

vusSjen*, vo^Soea umed^, umedi, 
.y. Liking, inclination. 2. ex- 
pectation, prospect. 

2A);3j^cra6 umedvare,^. A volun- 
teer, candidate. 2. a copyist. 
eA)sJo, umma, see croc-sl:. 

^oSj=a* uyik^, s. Crying like a 

monkey. ^^^^^ 

^o^o^o^ uyiluni, see ^pj)dio^, iSoi 

^O^j^oSj uyivuyi, interj. sig- 
nifying alarm. 
>/erooi:"3p o^ uyyal|;i see ^'^€. 

/sAid ura, s. Ploughing, tillage. 
-201^0 a ploughman's stick. 
^■^^0^^ to plough and level 
a field a second time; to 
make a field to hold or re- 
tain water. 

vSAjdo^ ural^, s. A ploughman's 
^z* herdman's song. — sj^ti^o^ 
to sing whilst ploughing; 
also zs^€. 
emO uri, s. A kind of very small 

Y^O uri, .y. Blaze, flame. 2. heat. 
3. acute pain. 4. wrath. — 7\c|^ 
burning itch. ~3:^e3 burn- 
ing heat. — ■s^j?)& a furious 
person, —^js^ urine morbidly 
heated. — 20.^uo^to speak an- 
grily ; to take revenge. 

^Ori^ urig^ejje, s. Small bells 
strung on a rope and tied 
round the neck of a he-buffalo, 
y ea)0^^ uripuni (^&), v. a. To 
sound, play upon. 3^3^^©- 
to sound a trumpet. 
VtAiOoJo.^ uriyuni (caj^), ^'.w. To 
burn, blaze. 2. to feel a 
burning sensation, as from 

^fKi^io uru 


SAiCcF lima 

fever or itch; to feel acute 
pain. 3. to feel anguish. 4. 
to be wrath. 20c32_ (/?/. the 
belly to burn), to be hungry; 
to feel anguish, to be envi- 
ous. ^^^~ {lit, the body to 
burn) ; to be feverish ; to be 
provoked, be angry. £A)aS 
well-heated, pure, as silver. 
^do uru, s. Tediousness. adj. 
Idle, --^h^ to be idle, to feel 
reluctant. ~-^:i^\^^ to pro- 
crastinate, put off. 

urundulu, adj. Round. 
en)doolio2^o2l uruntucande, s. A 
kind of drum. 
\/^djorlE0J5djurundeburu, s. The 
smooth-leaved heart-pea, Car- 
diospermum Halicabahum. 
enidooEoo^ urumbuni (CA)doo^), 

v.a. To bore; also -^c^-^^^t^. 
^dodj^ uruduni, see a^:^F^. 
V^djzoo urubu, see CA)8!)r. 
^/v^Ddo4'^^^ uruvolu, see croSj^, cro 

y^6 ure, ^. A deer. 

v/^6oJ?i urepuni (^^), z'.a. To 

try metals by a touch-stone. 
^6^"^ urevuni(e^0T5), z'. n. To be 

penetrated 07' incrusted, as 

with salt; also zsQ^t^, 
y/''S^67i^'^ uresunl (cajtS^), 7'. a. To 

rub. 2. to polish. S. see ^-84^. 
Tj6si uro, mfj. Alas. — 33^3^^? 

alas, what a pity! — rfrfj.a^o 

have pity on me. 

-i^s^6J^, v\::>6S)^^ uro, urolu, s. A 

bar across a passage. 
>/5rj^"3r do ^ urkaruni ( wsdf^) , z'. if2. 

To bubble up, as boiling 

\/^r\:)=5^F^^ urkavuni, c. 7\ {of en) 

^«^F^))^/^o cause to run over. 

2. to put out. 

•ru-S-r urki, s. The shrub Sida 
/^^ro^ urkil^, .y.^The prickly- 
y heat. ^2. a kind of shrub. 

3. a rough basket. 

./^^or urku, ^. An amulet. --^rS 
a necklace composed of small 
glass beads with a big gold 
bead in the middle. 

vVU^s'oFcl urkune, s. The act of 
bubbling up. 

v4Ai=s^or?i urkuni (^^f), v. n. To 
rise; ^.^cro^o^^. 

>/^rior^ urguni, v. n. To curdle. 
2. to ferment. T<j..wvo^ 

V^AiS^oFc^ urcuni, ^'. /^. To go 
to stool, 7'/y'.v/£ro£T^rw loose- 
ness of bowels. en^eSraio a 
filthy woman. c'V)£Sre3 a filthy 
?A3e3r urti, see cro^. 

-/«AiCia)Fl5 urdata, ^. Wrestling, 
combat, struggle. 
^CS'SFS^^ urdavuni, e. v. (of ca) 
^JF^) To set persons against 
each other, to stir up fighting. 

>^?AiC^jr^urduni, v.n. To wrestle, 
combat, struggle. 
yx>raF urna, A round shaped 


eroc^F urni 

erocSr urni, ^. A bulb, protuber- 
ance. — 3^yj^^ to clot, curdle. 
vu3r urti, see £A)5^ in ooDodJo^. 

^^s^^F urdi, s. Increase, prosper- 

s/^C^^urdu, ^. The kidney-bean, 
Phaseoliis mungo. 

J^ti^F^ urduni (CA)5r), v. a. To 
rub, file. 2. to polish. 

^eroo^)^^^ urpuni (2A)!3r), 7'. a. To 
blow a wind-instrument; cf. 

n/ ^sSro^ urpeli^, s. Slight boil- 
ing. — 29& rice obtained from 
boiled paddy and differing 
from the unboiled (= ^ji>^o4y 

J^r^i^F, 5A)2JOF urbi, urbu, s. In- 
crease, as of any disease or 
trouble. -ii&ocJoo^ (///. to per- 
ceive trouble), to discern, d? 
e3si— pressure of work. 

\/w2jjr©o^jo^ urbuliyuni, see <^ 

^cdojF^ uryuni, see £A)5odoo^. 

^oSjFurye,^. A red kind of fowl. 

^0F urli, s. A brass vessel for 
preparing curries in. 
Jw\3SJ0F urlu, s. A noose, snare. 
_Xo S?rOj^ to be entrapped in 
a snare. — oe^?) to lay a 
snare. — sroili^ito put a noose 
round the neck; to hang. — ss 
:5j*r©j^ to hang oneself. 

^^r urle, s. A kind of cake. 
J eru^Ff^ urvane, s. An instrument 
for destroying nits. 

•»/o^F urve, fidj. Unripe. 


eros-^ usva 

5A)^ ula, J^^ c't)wa3j. 
STO© uli, ^. Nought, nothing. 
— s;)cl)^ to annul; j-^:^ also 

eniSi^o^^ ulikuttu, s. A small 

5A}©o;Jjo^ uliyuni (^'^),7.\a.-^To 
sf instigate, induce, v. nyTo 
sruci;j=5^o uluku, see ^^0^. 
5Aj^0£Jj ulutu, see ooi^ooO. 2. 
fraud, cheating. 
>/^053 ule, s/A furnace. J2. a deer; 

. c/. CAil5. 

eA)s3sJ^ ulevuni (^s^), ^'. ?^. To 

(^osSjs^ ulo, ^^^ ero^jB?. 

^'V)0^ Ulk^, ^^^ CA)S;^Oj. 

^o^S5D^ ulkapata, s. The fall- 
ing of meteors, which is con- 
sidered a bad sign. 2. an 
v'y^:^J, ulku, i-^^: cfo^^^. 

erue;., en^©, ulta, ulti, adj. Con- 
tradictory, opposite, counter. 
2. upset ; -•sios;<o^?i to take off, \ 
upset, y?^. to lie. 

5AJO"e)o3j, *j\-Oe)€) uUaye, uUaldi 
^6'^ cro va oSo. 

ero£3e) ;dullasa,^. Exultation, hap- 
piness. ~^h^ to be cheerful. 
adj. Joyous, blithe. 
>^ero© uUi, see cro^ . 

^Sc)?o usv4sa,J^. Breathing out, 
a sigh; t/. ^^7i. 

eA}ssrs usha 


^K>^S).^ Ullo 

^SSt)D^ ushari^, adj. Alert, sharp; 

«nj3^ ushna, «^*. Hot, warm. s. 

Heat, warmth. 
"SOT^, eru^^ us\^, ussane, s. A 

deep sigh. 
tro?^D^ usar^, see ^s^^S. 

v*ru?uOdo, ?Ai?ooe;j usuru, usulu, ^. 
Breath. 2. life, -^wo^?) to 
hokl the breath. ~-^^t^ to 
die; gases to escape, as from 
a corked bottle. — 20ocl:lb^ to 
breathe, respire. 

?A)?do^ usulti, ^. Collusion, con- 

efu?:;'^;^ usvasa, ^^^ eroa^j^^j. 

V eno^ ula, Inside, inner part ; c/. 
Cfoo. _^^ the palm of the 
hand. -=^^ ^^Ov^^ to take in, 
to have a secret. — Xoyo^ a 
latent secret, hidden mystery. 
— ero^ a bend ; the curve of an 
arch. --•^7\f6 inside. ~-^^o 
ti6 the inner square of a 
house. —;^a a by-path. —^-doK 
the lower part of a female's 

>iw^05j, pA)^«)OSoulayi, ulayi,^^^'. 
In, into. Some declensions 
are formed of this adverb j 
as, -cs e£):3 a back or inner 

room. efO<^a3o5 from within. 

cro<s^^^«a3o, cAD<s«030Tl3 «s^a3o se- 

cretly, privately. 
■yv\j^z^ ulavu, ^. ^One's secret. 

2. design. .3. inclination. 
ea)^?jo2d ulasanci, ^. Intrigue, 

conspiracy, secret design; 

collusion, fraud. 
y^A}^ uli, s. A chisel. 

SAi^v'OoO, ero^^ojj uliya, ulliya, 
J. A small river-island or 
^^ ule, see ctot?, oxid 
SAi^JS^ ulo, ^Wy. Alas! 
>/enj^ uiki, ^. Remnant, rest, 
y^^o, ulku, s. A sprain, or cramp. 
VsAi^o, ^ ulkuni (cro^o^), v.n. To be 
sprained, <?;' cramped; also 

wg, ?A)^ ulla, ulle, see vos^^. 

iiXi^d ullade, s. A fisherman. 

y\)V|^oSj ullaye, ^. A master, 
lord (fern. cro«y^^«^). 

s/en)^ ulli, s. A generic name for 
garlic. ^e-do«9, onions, ^^^'^^^'^^ 
SAi^JS.eO ullori, .y. A memo, of a 
receipt given to a tenant for 
part-payment of rent. 

5AJ5 U 


^MSdj uru 

erj3 u, The sixth letter of the 
alphabet. In MSS. it is often 
written ^. 

eAJ5o2^, enjs 02:^0 unci, uncu, adj. 
Superior, costly, fine. 

eA;5o^4^^ untavuni,^. -t^. (^eA;)o 
yo^) To lift up. 2. to cause 
a person to get up or leave 
his seat. 3- to insult, des- 
pise; cf. ero&D03o?jo^. 

eru^oejj^ untuni (2a;)oO), tj. n. To 
J get up,^press. 
J?A;5odo^ unduni (2a;)ocS), z'. a. 
To press down. zpj)ouiozio sj 
i^jj^oi to hold firmly. 

?ru3o2*:o umbu, ^^^ ^jaoeoo. 

eAiSoeS umbe, ^. A hole. 

>/sAJ3t^o^ujuni(eA;5^), 7'. n. To ooze; 

also ^s\^'&^ if^^h^. 
/erusej uta, s. Food, meal. 
,y?AJ5ij uti, s. A spring, fountain. 

?AJ3eJ03iz5i)d utupacara, >s". Hospi- 
tality and civility. 
?nj?)^3 ute, see ^j&^, 
v/ «ru3C3^^^ udavuni, c. v. (^/CAorij 
^) To fix. 2. to put in order. t> 
^^~ to fix the boards of a 
enp.^^s:* udili^, s. A kind of broom 
Vw\j3;:^o^ uduni (capS), v.aJHo 
J plough; c/J^:i>Ti^?i, J 2. to fix. 
erusrs una, see en/)?^. 
enj3^ uta, 5^. A weight, burden. 


2. a staff. — tfjseSJo a weighing 

y\jsd, 5nj?)C3^ uda, uda, «^'. Sky- 
v/SAJSrfj udu, J". A prop. — t^js^ra 
to prop. — =#>;?)?e;o a pole used as 
a prop. 

5AJ3Coo5^^jO udukameli, ^. A 
malignant kind of jaundice 
from which particularly child- 
ren suffer. 
^/^-acJo^ uduni (eA;)S), v. a. To 
blow, as a pipe. 2. to swell. 
CADdd a piper. 

erusc^jzo^ tidubatti, ^. An aro- 
matic pastille. 

ea©?^ iina, ^. Defect, maim. — cro 
o3o, CAP^ a cripple. 

?A;5d ura, «^*. Local. — e^^a a 
public ofiice. — ^^ci^ local cus- 
tom. — ?^^ gossip. 

y\J3dri urane, ^^^ C'\)T:^f?. 

eAJ5Di)53c^ uravuni, e.v. {of enprb 
^)) To plant, fix firmly. 

eru3 Dodo's o3o uriyaye, s. A stran- 
ger; also ^S\S)^o:£.^. 

Vsrosdj uru, i\ A town. 2. a vil- 
lage. 3. one's native place. 
— oDoSo a countryman. — "dooD 
townsfolk. — o3^f5 country 
sesamum. eA;)TJjs-v^oXo from vil- 
lage to village; of, eAr)d. 
5ru3doo2j^ urumbali, i". A village 

erusdo uru 


2)do r^ 

eru9do^JS^s;o urukolu, s. A walk- 
ing stick. 

v^njsdo^ uruni (eAjo5), z'. a. To set 
firmly. 2. to plant in the 
ground as a seed ^r shrub, 
e^c. 3. to gain power. ^5— 
to plant one's foot, d?^— to 
be established firmly, to take 
root; to grow. 

v/ «aj?)6j5s;^o urolu, s. A cross bar 
at the entrance of a garden 
etc.; cf. £roT5js?. 
?pj3CJo urya, ^^^ CA/^cxjor. 

^AJ^^oF^ urjita, ^^'. Confirmed, 

?AJ5^ r urdhva, «^". Aloft, on 

high. — A^ ethereal course, 

heavenly bliss. 
SAJ^oJoF urya, adj. Strange; cf. 

eaQ?;)o^ usante, s. A large bug. 

Si^J^;:l) usu, s. A fart. 

V^'3?^c^ usuni (CAHoj), z\n. To 
ooze; cf. ^s\S)^^^ to break wind 
downwards. Tig. 

v^ru5;^o^ uselu, «^'. Oozing. 2. 
filthy. 3 . breaking wind down- 
wards, vlg. eAD;6e3 a man 
who frequently breaks wind 

eAJ33o, SAja^j^ uhe, uhane, s. 
Supposition, conjecture. 

f7 SAJ?)°^?i uliga, .y. Service.' 2. work. 
I — csoSo a servant, labourer. 
-^'s^o^?) to serve, work. 

>/ eAJ3^cdoo^ uliyuni (ean^), 7-. n. 
To ooze; 6/. ov)3do^. 2. the 
bowels to evacuate frequent- 
ly; also aTJ)^5^?L>^. 


3x1) ru, The seventh letter of the 
alphabet, but seldom used in 
Tulu. It is commonly pro- 


nounced like "^o or a, which 
see for words beginning with 

oC) ye 




»:) ye, The eighth letter of the 
alphabet. In MSS. it is often 
written o3o. 

o:)o=5^ yenk^ji, see odjs^. 

oOo's'ov'^o yenkulu, pers, pro. We. 
This word which is the plural 
of cx^ra^ signifies only the per- 
sons addressing, and should 
be distinguished from ^^ 
which always includes both 
the persons addressing and 
J«Oo2^ yenca, adv. How? -e^s, odo 
e^so-rfe^D however, anyhow, by 
all means. 
cOoS^ yenci, see <or5 . 
J <0o2^ yenci, intg. pro. What sort 
of? -?^, -?^4, -£^?^^ what sort 
of thing? -?roo3o, -a^ETOoSo 
what sort of man? 
o^o23d^ yenjir^, ^. A kind of tree. 
J«Oo^ yent^, ^.Boasting, pride. 
2. craftiness, cunning. -sijseaiD 
4^5 to show pride, be cunning. 
~^^^^^ to boast, prattle, 
, play tricks. -odoSo a crafty 

^0^ yente, s. A clod of earth. 

2. an unburnt brick; ^. ^oa. 
J<OorJr^ yennige, ^. Calculation, 

Vo^orso^ yennuni (^ofi^, 2:'. a. To 
count. 2. to think, presume. 

3. to expect. 


7«5^orl yenne, s. Oil. — rf 7^r® an 
oil mill, -^a^o^ to rub with 
^;' apply oil. ©5^- distilled 
oil. ^^^Ji- cinnamon oil. .M 
^oui-., oDi^o?6 gingely oil. Xo 
qiss— sandalwood oil. ^d^osj 
!^ cocoanut oil. ^ozro^c^- 
lamp-oil. ^A^^j- olive oil. 
3rfT5^^ castor oil. 4«of5rf-_ the 
oil of the nuts of Rottleria 
tinctoria. -doo^^Sc?? kerosene 
oil. ^obT^st-champaka oil ^/^. 

«Oofl=a^^, ojorl=#o^ yennekappu, 
yennekempu, <3:^'. Dark red. 

.OocIeocj^ yennebadane, s. A spe- 
cies of brinjals. 

o:)oJ yentra, see ojjo^. 
Jo:)ocl)^^ yendruni (odoSj), 7;.^. To 
say fully; cf. ^^k^. 

oOo?^^ yennavu, pro. Mine; <;/; 

o:)o?l)Qi yennuni, see oDoreo^. 
cOosJ yempa, see odp©^. 

JcCJodo^o yemmalu, j. A woman. 

^jse^ii- an angry woman. 
o:)o^o yemme, ^tr so^^ 2. 5-^^ oo^r- 
o^o^oei^c^ yemmettuni (.oo^oO^), 

7'. ?2. To turn back. 2. to yield. 

3. to abate, as sickness ; cf. 


o:)^o23o» yekambel^, see o^^^^eS. 

o^=^d, &:)=J yekare, yekre, s. An 

cO^ yekk^, adj. Nearly dead. 

v/o:)uS?^5S yekki^sakki^, adv. Con- 
fusedly, indiscriminately. —^ 
^oi to become confused. —33^0 
^ooi to reproach unjustly. — "si^ 
's^^^) to be perverse. 
-..."^.jekksi, see ^^. 2. the ace. 

Voj^.o yekkam, ^. The unit of 

numeration, first place in 

n/o=^2^^ yekkacakka, see o^^^:^^^. 
^%P>^ yekkadu, adv. Then . od^tjzI 

already. ajo<g^ a little while 

<o=^^ yekkadi, s. A kind of game 

with cowries, arranged on a 

board. — y^jaaoo^o) to play such 

a game. 
J^^.d yekkade, s. Hiccough. 2. 

gasping, -^owo^^ to hiccough ; 

to gasp; cf.^-^^^^. 
O^c^^S yekkanale, adj. Lean, 

thin. s. A glutton, greedy 

man; 2. ^^^ <o3^^e3. 
v^'^^jod, cO^^sjj^d, oO=^s3j yekka- 

male, yekkamale, yekkame, s. 

The swallow wort, Caloiropis 

gig ant ea. 
^0=^53 yekkale, s. A cockroach; 

o", / 

a/^^ °^^^<2;j; cf. oD^^jS, oD^^frod. 

v/tO^oj^^ yekkalyuni (°2^^^), ^. ^. 
To stretch the body, or stoop 
down in order to catch or 
pick up anything. 2. to 
spring or jump up. 

J^^?^=^ yekkasakka, sec o^^^^j^^^- 
o:)=a'S)^^ yekkavuni, c. v. [of o^^o^ 
^) To reach, cause to touch. 


cot2 ye]i 

yojs^ 0=^ yeccarike, s 

>» 0^=5^0, ^ yekkuni (o^^^), v. a. To 
touch. '^. to gin. v. n. To ebb, 
decline. ^^- to be within 
reach of the hand. 2§?^1- to 
be on the point of death. 
3jSr— to gin cotton, z^o'^^— 
to be hungry. 

0^)=^ yekke, s. The shrub 
Aristolochia Indica. 
J^A yegge, s. A branch, bough. 

ojA o* yeggel^, s. A small branch. 
— ^z:^^ a small piece of wood. 

o02^o^ yecipu, ^(?^ od^s^. 

o:)2^ yecca, .y<?^ ^g^. 

ness. 2. care, caution. 3. 
warning. ~<^h^ to be awake. 
— =?fjsLr^ to warn, put on 
guard, -aeb^ to take pre- 
caution, —-sio^^^ to remind. 
_S ov)^^ to be on guard, be 

<»:i2^0^^, .os^Oroo^ yeccaripuni, 

2/3- 2^ 

yeccarisuni (o^^^), ^'. a. To 
admonish. 2. to caution, warn 
c^^j yecci, s. Body. — S sj^^c^Jc^ to 


put on clothes. — K €lzji)Zid^ 
to assult; j^^ soei. 
^'i^A yeccige, see ^^-R. 

tor '^ 

o:)2;l yecce, ^^^ ^^i.- 

2X3- _ T 

o:>i;jdJS^ yejamane, ^(?^ odj&^j?)??. 

ojZo^ yejipu, ^. Endeavour, at- 
tempt. — ^js-^F^ to caution, 
betray. — ^j^o^^ to try 
through others. 



^d ysdde 

^u, ^s3 yeJja, ye]]i, s. A liole. 
2. a loophole. 3. the eye of 
a needle. 

o:)e3 , ^e! yejj i, ye.jje, see 55^ 


^|, yejnya, 

J o:)^=^o^ yettakutta, ^. Quarrel- 
ling and fighting. 
o:)^|,^^ yettavuni, cv. (o/ <^^^ 
^) To bend, cause to stoop. 
"W) J oli, yetti, s. A prawn. 

o:ie3,2oe%o^ yettiballyar^, ^. A 

small kind of shark. 

^U.-^d^^, ^l3,?;jod yettisutta, 

yettisudda, s. The sword-fish. 

^^^cJ yefctuni (»^^), ^'. «. To 

stitch, as leaves. 2. to cause 

^\ mischief, s/to box the ear. 

/ ' z'.n/To stumble, bow down; 

•^be hit. <ol3,5^.eL?) to bend 


as a tree laden with 

<j^s3 yettele, ^. 
VtOd yeda, see coozi. 
y«jdo=5^ yedank^, 

A mischief- 

adz'. J On the 
v/ left side. 7— sj^iii an offensive 
^zio'ujp yedankuni (.j'rfc^), 7-. ^. 
v/ -ATo kick. 2. to hit. 3. to dis- 
regard; see rio^o^. 

J^zi^^, '.jzio^j^id^ yedapuni, ye- 

duturuni, see--^'^^. 
J ^zizSb'^., ^dzSb\ yedavatty, ye- 

devatti^, crJj',/ Middling, in- 
J different. 2/dull, stupid. 3. 

rough, rugged. — =^<sj?i an in- 
different work; an objection- 
able act. —^-d-^j?}^ a stupid 
fellow. — ;tsa a rugged path. 

o:)doo2oo6 yedumbure, s. A doll. 
-4:)Z^j^^ yedupuni, see o^-rfo^^. 

oCicI yede, see f^iS. 

a:)rldb^. yededett^, see <o-rfo^. 

o:id^D£2(i^ yedenanya, s. Paper- 
money. — odoSj a stupid fel- 
low, a man temporarily en- 

(Orl^^;^ yedenali, s. An inner 
wall round a temple. 

cOddoo^ yedemudi, ^^^ <^i5^:>o5. 
i<OJ^ yedde, ^\ Goodness, adj. 
Good, excellent, superior, 
fair, fine. 2. happy. 3. pros- 
perous. —d^B a superior 
caste, fine breed. — a?i a 
festive day, holiday. — ^ 
^r. —-rfoo^j^r, —•^e's^o an 
auspicious occasion. — -si^j^ea 
black pepper. adv. Well, 
very well, —^h^ to improve 
in health; to prosper, be 
happy. — e?d5 may you, 
(he efc.) be happy. -^jsSbrs), 
-Tio^^^ to do good, to bless 
with prosperity. -S^^ (lif. 
to eat good), to enjoy hap- 
piness as the fruit of one's 
good deeds. — sjo^do^ to speak 
favourably, fluently, or at 
length; to speak or argue 
ably; to chatter, ~^^ good- 
ness. '^'^ o3 of good sort. <ozS 

^d\ yedpu 81 ^^* yed 

?2e good, empk. °^^??^ copi- 
ously, abundantly, heartily: 

^(O^do^ yettaruni (o^^^), ^'. a. 
To ascend, climb. 

immoderately, severely, vio- yo:)3^^,o:)3^^^yettaduiii,yet- 

Vojdo ^ yedpuni (»S), z\ a. To 

thump, strike with the fist. 

2. to pound in a mortar. 
U^z^^'^z, yeni^ma, mem. Eight. 
Joir9 yena s. A corpse. — •;ix)cz§ 

a good for nothing, 7'lg. 
v/cOrJ^, oOeI, ^A^ yenike, yene, 

yenke, s. Calculation, count- 
ing; estimation. 
lOcle:^ yenel^, adj. Pertaining to 

the first crop. —z:^o^ the first 

^^^ yenci, s. A ladder. 


JoCicI yenne, see <oo?6. 
VtOC^^ yenpa num. Eighty. 
^o:)r3, yenma, ^^^ odFs^. 
s/tOct yenme, ^. The gingely-oil 
seed, Sesamum orientate . — rf 
oDoe! gingely-oil. 
o:)S"9 yeta, see o^qro. 

o:)S^2i) yetasti, rt;^//*. Exact,, cor- 
rect. <2:<^z'. Exactly, correctly; 
bet. ojozp.^ S. 

cOi yete, see od^. 

o:)3^,r!a, o:)3^?icl yettijigadi, yet- 
ti^gade, s. Scheme, device. 
— -^"^o^^ to scheme, devise. 

ojs^^n^ yetti^taggi^, adj. Un- 
even, rugged. 

O^^ yettana, see ^^^ 

oj^d yettara, adj. High, lofty. 


s. Height. 

tavuni, c. v. (of ^^^^^ To 
reach, deliver. 2. to gulp, 
swallow water etc, eagerly, 
or in large draughts- 
/^hj\ yettig^e, s. A collection. 

y o:)4i)C^ yettuni (»^5o), ' '. a. To 
raise a subscription or tax. 

(O^^s^^ yettuvali, s. The act of 
raising a subscription or tax. 

(O:^ yetna, s. Essay, endeavour, 
effort, exertion; bet. odos?;^. 

o:)3^rO yetvasi, s. Difference, dis- 
agreement, variance; bet. ^o 

o:)q3'5)yetha, adv. As, according to. 
^^'. Proper, usual. — ^^xjas 
usual. —-^i^TiF the usual 
course or way ; <5^/. ai:qro. 

oiqs^q^r yethartha, j<:^^ odoqroqir. 

o:)^ yethe, s. Pain, smart, grief. 

cOCp^^ , o^)^^^ yethecca, yethe 
shta, see ^^r^, ^^4^.A^ 

^:)Cj^^yedijLpu, ^. Beginning. — ci 
a^;^r the first shower of rain. 
VoOcs^D*, cododj yedaryi, yeduru, s. 
The front, that which is op- 
posite. 2. presence. — s^^Othe 
counterpart of a deed. — ?ioa, 
oD:i3^ora a conditional deed 
of sale. — tSjs^cii half boiled 
rice. —-^"^ the counterpart 
of a lease. — sssa an opposite 
party, opponent. —zsht:i to 
meet, come face to face. ~^^o 

o^a yedi 


ojd yera 

^0^ to stand in front, to op- 
pose; to rebel, —eroo^^^^ to 
set up or instigate a person 
against another. ~-^t^:>^ to 
speak to one's face; to contra- 
dict, oppose. — 20js-do?) to come 
in sight, be seen; to be over- 
taken. odS^SSK face to face. 
— S before, in presence of. 

,>ja yedi, see Sj^. 
^oj^o^ yedinke, s. A wing. 

toDoJOcS yediyane, see <oj3^. 

cOC^j^JSrao^ yedukonuni (-^^-^ 
^J3^), z'. a. To advance. 2. to 
meet, go to meet. 

ojdoDDyyedurata,^. Antagonism. 

cjCjOD"?)^ yedurali, .s*. An anta- 
JcJcS yede, s. The heart, chest, 
bosom. — ^^ ^^0.^ to harden 

po oJ 

one's heart. — ^^jsL^r^ to take 
courage. — Aooa;^ courage, 

o:)C5 r?!ri yeddanige, see odj3 . 

cJCoOczS yeddumbe, s. A kind of 

cjCjj^ yeddupu, s. An ambus- 
cade, lying in wait. — sjsc^o^ 
to lie in ambush. 
4 '^jCJ^^c^ yeddyuni {-^^^^ 'v.a. To 

• fan. 
^ ojc3 , o:)c3fl, o:)c5 o^ yedde, yed- 
dene, yeddyana, s. A fan. 

«0C3\ yedriji, see <oS5, oorfo-do. 
JoicSjs^'^ yedroli, s. Tlie creeper 
Jasminitin angustijolium. 

^i^s^'^ yedroli, see odS5^^. 

o^r^, o^r^ yena, yenna, ^^^ odj?)^. 
oC^Eoo^oi yebulante, ^^'. Half- 
-A boiled. >i2. half-witted, silly. 
^z^^^ yebbavu, see ^S3|^4- 
o:)s3o yeme, see odo^o. 
cOdoD=^, oi^^jrir yemarike, yemar- 
ge, s. Storing. — a?L^^ to keep 
or store. 
yo:)02)J3Jo^ yeyipanji, s. A porcu- 
pine; 6^. ^oo^j r;o^. 
-/(^oJoog^ yeyyuni (.ooso), ^'. ^. To 

shoot an arrow. 
^M'^^ yeraka, adj. Molten, cast, 
as metal. — rf ^e;?i, ^-^^^o^ 
'^<sj7i molten or casting work. 
—^d^4^ to pour melted metal 
into a mould. 
c^dA^ yerag^, s. Fitness. 

Jcodrio^ yeraguni (°^^^), 7.'. 72.^To 
melt. 2. to agree with the 
^^^ri^p yeraguni (°2"^^), z/. «. and 
n. To bow, prostrate, do obei- 
sance. 2. to fall upon, seize. 
3. to alight. 

<^dG^ yerad\i,^/?/^^.Two; c/. tjS. 

o:)d2a^o5j yerabayi, s. A kind of 

<>:^6^, ^Z"^ yerala, yerala, ^^^ ^e 

Jo:id5S yeravu, .y.^he act of lend- 
ing or borrowing anything, 
for temporary use. 2. dif- 
ference, distinction. — rf ^7( 
SL borrowed ornament. ~f\ 
'^jso'rfo zcihF^i to borrow. 

i »:)d^yerale, s. An antelope, deer. 

o:)D yeri 


oid yele 

/ajO yeri, s. The glare or heat of 
fire. —^^3"^ a very hot wind, 
sultry wind. — rfsS?-^), —53^ 
?ro^ to glare, be affected 
with the heat of fire; cf. So5. 

o^jDOJjo^ yeriyante, s. A kind of 

ojOo:5too3j yriyaye, see So&odjeioSo. 

<^005J34c^ yeriyavuni, <;. 7/. (0/ od 
Qodoj^) To burn, blaze. 

v/cOOoJoj^ yeriyuni (o^^), t'.^z. To 
glare. 2. to be hot. 

/^dj yeru, ^yA buffalo. A.b. 
moth, worm. — e?L^to be de- 
cayed with worms. — 20?3r^ to 
come into manhood. 
o:)do3«)D, ^dj3^^ yerutari, yeru- 
tali, ^. A kind of palm tree. 
oi) 6 23^020 yerebayi, see oo-deoDOso. 
a^odrd yerndale, s. A green 

v/oi^^r yerkij, j. Rising ^r ac- 
cumulation, as of water, etc- 
2. severity, adj. Exceeding. 
—^^0^^ to be in dans^er. 

'>^=ar yerka, ^.'Fulness. 2. proxi- 
mity. (^^'.-^^Full; near. 

>/o:)^e)r5S^ yerkavuni, <;. •z.'. (^ o^ 
'SoF^) To tuck up, as clothes, 
when wading a river cU. 2. 
to hold back, as milk by a 
cow efc. 

^o:)=s^jf^ yerkuni {'^^^), z'.n. To 
puff up, swell. 2, to rise or 
collect, as w^ater in a place. 

J 3.^'to be full of milk, as the 
breast or udder. eocs5— the 
belly to be distended. 

•^o:)^r, ^"^FO^ yerke, yerkel^, s. 
Rising; c/. <o^f, oD^r. 
oOrirsS, o:)r^JSrfl,oO?^J5r55yergale, 
yergone, yerg^ole, s. A dull man 
like a buffalo, a simpleton; 
a glutton, vlg. 
r^-^F yerta, see ^^^'. 
v<oir yerte, s. The flood tide; <;/". 

7o:)3Jr yerpa, ^. Seventy. 
:^t>F^ yerpene, s. A hairpin- 
adj. Old. 
>/ttJ^^^) yerpuni ('^^), I'-d- To 

lift up. 
'4:) dor yerme, s. A she-buffalo. 
— ;^T?ja«9 a kind of bush. — ssd 
i3j3^o a calf. — 2oe;soS a kind 
of fish. 
o:)^^ yelakki, see ^^h^. 
f^^t^. cOe;^ yelatra, yelastra, s. 
A handkerchief. 
^^Ui) yela, ^/2/y. of surprise. 
y^O yell, ^. A rat. — sj^sgj^p© rat's 
bane, arsenic. 
o^O'i^ yelikebi, s. The herb 
Evolvulus emerginatus. 
>i<O0^^ yelipuni, see ^^^^^. 
-i o;)©o;JOJ^ yeliyuni, v.n. To melt, 
as any soft substance, butter, 
etc.\ also-' aoj^. 
o:)0?oD yeliseri, ^. A shark; also 

•^oO^o yelu,«r.Abone. -^0^ a pain 
in the bones. — ^j&^, — ^jszS a 
skeleton. ~80e3 ajoint of the 

/o:>d yele, ^. A leaf. 

ojd yele 


^■^ yeka 


^doS'ST^yelenage, s. A small but 
dangerous insect found on 
betel leaves. 
^^Z yc^^, see o^^J^. 
^ziJ?^ yelkode, see .cc^j^jsif. 
J^i^o ^ yelpuni, v. a. To melt, as 

lead, butter, ek. 
^^'DczB yellanji, adv. The day 
after tomorrow. 
ojoos^o yellamma, s. A name of 
Vo^®, cO-^^ yelli, yellya, adj. 
Little, small, short. 2. in- 
ferior, mean. — S, —^^jitxio 
from infancy. — "^^ ^^o^^ 
to extol and disparage any- 
thing alternately. 
J o:)S$ yelle, adv. Tomorrow. 

oje) ooel yellyanne, s. A junior 

elder brother. 

J o:)^^ ^c3j yellyaye, ^. 'A youth ; 

i2. a junior, minor. ( 3. a short 

man. oSoe;^ o4 a small thing. 

r^^o2a yevanca, see ^-^ozi. 

^ziT^ yevane, see d^-^^. 
JcO^o^^ yesal^, s. The petal of a 
flower, leaf. —^^ Garcina cam - 
bogia. ^-R-^d— a tobacco leaf. 

o:)?oo ^ yessuni, see <o;go^^. 

'^^^:^, o:)^ yelat^, yele, «^'. 

Tender, green, not fully 

grown. —^^B the water of 

a tender cocoanut. 
si^^ yelpa, num. Seventy. — ?Se 


oj-Sr yekshi, see cdo-|^. 

^ ye, The ninth letter of the 
alphabet. In MSS. it is often 
written o3oe. 

^ ts affixed to the zvords «5o5 
and 59 i when addressing: 
^r asking honorifically a 
single person; as, esocS? T^D^o-^e 
Rama! ^o6^ !£jae^o^e 
boys! children! ef)o£i£^e is i 
it not so? // is also affixed 
to nouns, pro7touns, and 
adverbs by way of emphasis. 
t^ziy^^:^:^^ man only. ^o3o? 
you alctne. ^^ncSj? even to day. 


^=3^ yeka, num. One, single. 2. 
solitary. 3. combined, united. 
— ^s^^the accurate adjustment 
of song and instrumental 
music. ~2*^ unity, unanim- 
ity. —T^ii^ singular number, 
gram. — ^osr of one colour 
or caste. — ?3 a solitary man : 
a bachelor. ~;5t:dS jointly, 
unanimously; coUusively. 

^'^cio yekadam, adv. At once; 

^^^DJo^yekanayaka, s. A medi- 
cal plant. 



^D^ yera 

^^=c^^e)odo€ yekanayake, s. A 

^=gc) yeka, see ^^. -i:)^, ^^d^ 
abruptly, suddenly ; without 
permission. 2. unreasonably, 
unjustly. -^i-do^ to re- 
proach unjustly. 

^^^oh yekangi, s. A solitary 
life. -^S alone. 

^=g^oa yekanta, ^. Solitude. 2. 
secrecy, ^i//*. Solitary, seclud- 
ed; secret. io^o;ijs-rfo in se- 
clusion, secretly. 

^=5c)d^ yekadasi, ^. The eleventh 
day of either fortnight in 
the lunar month, on which 
Hindus fast. 

^^^^, ^i)^^ yekini, yekhini, s. 
Honesty, uprightness. 2. chas- 

^'§J^^'^ yekoci, adz'. Alone. 

^z^^ yecane, see oSja^gi^. 

^2^0^, ^2^0 o^ yeccuni, yeccyuni 
(^^), z>. n. To reflect, muse. 

^^ yetii, s. A kind of gambling 
in which a piece of coin is 
tossed up and a wager laid 
as to which side it will fall. 
— :^js20j^^to gamble in this way. 
^t^-a' yed^, 6-. A goat. ^^^^^ 

^:3i)s3J5)^cl yedamode,^. A stupid 
-/^^ yedi, s. A coward ; of. ^?a. 

ts^ yede, s. A blockhead. 
J^rJyenl,^. A ladder; cf. oSo?^. 
-1^3^ yet^, intg. pro. How much ? 
how many? aiK^^x) for any 
amount, on any account. ^M^ 

how much each ? io^jse how- 
ever much, how much ! — ?jSr 
how often? 
^;^o yetu, s. Annoyance (from 

goblins); cf. ^e^. 
t^i'^^^:^'^ yetonuni, see ^^^. 
V^iJS^o yetolu, intg. How often ? 

^^^ yeniji, see odj?)^. 
•J^^yeni,<^a^^'. When? — Ke;;), _ ;i?^ 
K(*;3, a^e^KejD always, for ever. 
■i ^3J, ^^ yepa, yepo, fl;^2:^.When ? 

— <s^ always, ever. 
J iD^^ yepuni (^^), 7'. a. To catch, 
as a ball. 2. to take, lift or 
toss up a child in the arms. 
^^^0 yepoli^, see ^t.. 

^^00=^, ^dorlr yemarike, yema- 
rge, see os-doa^. 

>/^SjO yeme, s. A turtle. 

^^D^ yer^, intg. pro. Who ? — e/s, 
iDT3Do-rfe;o whoever, whoso- 
ever, any one. i^TJ^ who is 
that? »t3 ef)^v^o, io^^i^'s'o at 
whose house? '^■Qt^^ for 
whom? for whose sake? iooo 
£35 (a5 ^odb) who knows? 
^D* yeri^, see ^e^- 

i:)D^33^D^ yeri^per^, s. Difference, 
distinction. 2. perversion, 
distortion. 3. reproach. 

>;^dcl yerane, intg. Who? 

-^^u«)^^ yeravuni, ^.7.-. (^iOTJo^) 
To raise, lift up. 2. to in- 
crease, enhance; promote. 
3. to load; embark. 4. to pet 
and spoil. ^^^— , ^oaK— to flat- 
ter; to pet and spoil a child, 


^^ yeri 


^A^ eige 

servant, eJc. 83e5_ to raise 
the price; to out-bid. -dyd— 
to set up a tree. ?>=?? 



enhance punishment. ;^c20^_ 
to promote, increase one's 
pay. rfs^j^^- to load a cart 
or vessel with goods. 
j^^ ^0 yeri, ^.-^A kind of fish. 2^abed 
for planting vegetables eU. 
J ijrfo^ yeruni (io5), v. a. To ascend, 
climb, mount. 7j.n. To rise. 

2. to be increased, be aug- 
mented. 3. to be accumu- 

^ir yerte, see <o^r. 

^Oi)5^^ yerlaki, s. A part of a 
boxing match. 
^' ^r^rsj^ yersavuni (^?:)^F), z'. ^. 
.y^^ iooD4^. > beat, strike. 

3. to eat up. 
^^^ yel^, see af. 

J ^^iS-, yelakki, ^. Cardamoms. 
J i:)^?! yelanna, 5. Weariness. -^ 
^^ to become weary. 

^^^z^ yelami^, s. An auction, 

public sale. — sjdzI)^, — -rfo^j. 

oJ to sell by auction. 
.I^o^^^ yelavuni, c. v. {of aejo^j 

To cause to melt. 
. ^^0^ yeluni {^^), v.n. To melt, 

as lead, butter elc. 
J^sjoz^ yevanca, adv. However, 

at any rate. 
^S3€)C^ yevara, see. ^o^5o;)tj. 

^sSd^dyevudeppude,^. Doubt, 

perplexity, adj. Doubtful. 
^s^d yevura, see ■^^. 
^7i yesa, see 'S>^A' 
^kf\ yesige, see 33e^^, ^^^7(. 

J^V^ yel^, num. Seven. -^»^c3 
^^ri yelige, s. Increase, growth. 
2. prosperity. 3improvement; 
cf. 5oe^^. 
^ ^^ yelpa, see ^^^. 

^\ yelya, see -^e^^. 
-^^^D^ yelveri^, s. Seven persons. 


^ ei, The tenth letter of the 
alphabet. Also written esoso. 

SDod einda, ^^2^. Hereafter. 

SDogje^Ds;, 53ogpi3^© eindrajala, 
eindrajali, ^(f^ f^orfj., ^^odj-. 

25^* eiky, /r^. (dat. of es4) For 
^r to it. emph. — :5 to ^r for 
it only. SDtTO is it for it? sdo;> 
5 owing to it, therefore. 


'so=3^o^o eikulu, pro. 7teut. They. 
sos'o eikya, J. Unity, harmony. 

2. diligent application to any 

pursuit or occupation. 3. 

spiritual communion. 
SDrisi^o, z:i\^^:i eigalu, eigulu, s. 

A schoolmaster. 
SOT^D* eiger^, sec ^^7(5. 
soT^^ra eigena, s. Five spans. 

so^^ e% 


SD^) 6isra 

^b^ eit\},firo. Qoc. of^^) In it. 

;oc3e)s5d eiddavara, «^z'. Owing 
to it, therefore. 

so^ eita, see ^os>ot. 

sd;^ eita, /z-^. {gen. of e?;^), Its, 
of it. 

53Sc)d, ^3-s,d eitara, eitvara, s. 

S33^^ eitala, ^. A kind of medi- 
cinal plant used for castrated 

^3D^ eitali, see sd^sd^. 

soCj ayida, see efodoozjj. 
^ so^^ ein^, num. Five. sd^?3 fifth. 
>/ Z^'^S^T^:^ einudu, num. Five hun- 
^SD^^ eipuni (S3), ^'. ^. To tread. 

S02J0 eibu, j. A flaw, defect. 

S35l)J353 eimule, s. Obliquity, ir- 
regularity, as in the founda- 
tion of a house. 

sooSj, sooSoo eiye, eiyye, see esoSo^^. 

oDoSj?), soo3j5o eiyo, eiyyo intj. 
Alas! 2. no, not. t^^"^ 3ir®4 
croozfjse have you got money ? 
sdoSjs no. 

S3o5j5 eiyo, ^^^ s^^. 

V. ;3o3joD* eiyerv^j ^^^- Five per- 
;oo3joO^ eiyyel^, see ^^^^. 
SDo3j5n^ eiyyo, ^Wy. 0! woe! 
^0*3-5^ eir^tali, ^. A kind of 

necklace worn by a virgin or 

sodrl, S0D"3rJ eirane, eirani, s. 

A new ornamented earthen 

vessel used by Lingaits during 

nuptial ceremonies. 
soD^c^a)0 eiranali, see sd^sd^. 

soDc)?^, SOD"?)^^ eirana, eiran^, s. 
Weariness, affliction; bet. ^l 

^OD^^s eiravata, s. The elephant 

of Indra, regent of the eastern 

z:)^:)^ eiruni (soS), v.a. To wait, 

stay, stop. |-er. 

sd6js^o eirolu, s. A kind of creep- 
so Ga)^, ^^DK^ eilata, eilasy, j. 

Sport. 2. childishness; also 

SD©?o^ eilisi^, s. Incivility, impo- 
liteness; c/. ^CqJ. 
sos3ai eilesi, see ^^fjb. 
vSDd eiva, num. Fifty. -^ the 

sosjto, sosSto eivaji, eiveji s. 
Money, wealth, property. 
v'SosSo^ eiver^, see sdo3o^5. 

^^zji)7^ eisabasi^, t'nlj. Bravo! 
well done! r^g 

so^^^^ eisvarya, s. Wealth, rich- 
SD?j^ eisi^, Mj. Ha! alas! 
S3?:o eisa, see ^c^oo^c. 

5D^ eisra, ^. Wealth. 2. cheer- 
fulness; c/. SD'^^orfor. 

tj wo 


^ooa wondi 

Zo WO, The eleventh letter of the 
alphabet. In MSS. it is often 
written ^. 

2,jo^^ wouk^, ad/. Thin. 

^gc^ wonka, s. Crookedness. 2. 
-i -^a hole (of rats, snakes efc.) 
adj. Crooked, curved. 

i^QT^f^ wonkade, s. Vomitting. 
-5^W3^^, -z:>h7^ to feel an in- 
clination to vomit. 

2«o-S- wonki, see ^o-S-. 

£oo?^^do^ wongeruni, see ^o-Rtjo^. 

z^o'^'i woncake, s. A deceiver, 
cheat; c/. Tioti^. 

^oo^^^, £ooe:^d^ woncane, wonca- 
Ime, s. Deceit, fraud, delusion; 
also ^o2ij5. -T^^o^^ to cheat, 

tooe^ wonci, ad?'. Whence? 
where? — c/s anywhere. — eo^ 
whence do you come? 

2oo2^^^ woncipuni (SjoeI), v. a. 
To deceive; del. zic^is^^. 

ytion^, Zoo'S,^ wonjane, wonjene, 

num. First; c/. Sjo^. 
/ 2«ot3 wonji, num. One (mas. So&, 
/em.^^^Br). ^^L^ to be united 

or reconciled, -^e'^ perhaps. 

8jo^j3C35 each, one by one. 

Zjo^iT>^j^o^ some, certain. Zjo 

2zT)^jio:S, t^^jitiio on a certain 

Jegoei wonta, s. The hip, waist, 

loins; c/.-^t^c}^. 


-^2«oli wonti, adj. Alone, single, 
separated. ^~7( a single man. 
JtioU wonti, s. An ear-ring. 

eoo^ wonte, s. A camel, drome- 

Zjozi wonda, s. A public tank. 
2. a hole, pit. 

twod wonde, i"^^ ^jsoif. 

Zjo^r\D6 wontagare, s. A strong 
man. 2. a clever man. 
J 2*30 3 wonti, s. Turn, time. 
/zjo^fi wontige, s. Contribution, 
_»D^j^^ to collect contribu- 
tions. — ^jsE:roi, — Sj3?^0oi to 

7&oo^o wontu, s. A turn, time. 
^^r'. Once. 

t«oi wonte, ^. A little, a bit, 
smallness. ^^'. Little, few, 
small, trifling; also 2oozi. —d^^ 
a few persons. —^^ a few 
days. ~^^F a little time. 
Zjoiji)0^ very little. 

2*30 C^=^ wondake, ^. Urine. -^ 
^o^oi to piss, make water. 

Zjor^^ wondane, see ^od^. 

2ood0?^, EoadJSs^ wondalige, 
wondolme, s. Congruity. 

EuocrasJ^ wondavuni, c.7', [ofZiO 
c^^) To gather, collect, join ; 
to heap up. 
s/t«o&=^, Eooari wondike, wondige, 
s. Joining, uniting, coales- 
cence; Cf. «3ojsOD^. 

ZiO^ wondi 


Zjii wogga 

£ooa^^ wondipuni, see ^oa^^. 

\/2uodj^ wonduni (Sjo5), z/. ^. ^ n. 
To gather, accumulate. 
E^iod wonde, see 2oo^. 
SoodJS^o^ wondoluve, s. Rela- 
^oo^o wonnu, s. Gold. 
^oo?5 wonne, ^^^ ^jso^. 

Zoosoj wombu, ^^'. Becoming, 

elegant, graceful. 
EootJO^ wombuni (Sjo^), 7/. ;?. 

To be suitable, to agree with. 
ZiO'd^ womma, inlj. of surprise. 

Eoorfooiu, 2oos^ojr( wommukha, 
wommug-a, s. One direction. 
adv. In one direction. — <^^^, 
—^j^Tio^ to assemble for a 
certain purpose. 
toosjoo^ wommuta, ^^z'. All a- 
round; ^. £A)oeoo:^. 

V^oo^j womme, ^^'z/. Once. 2. 
together; c/. 2o-6j?>^^. -^^ 
oneness, unity. — -rfo^o^^ to 
gather, collect, heap up. 
2*so^jyo,^ womettuni (ajo^oO^)^ 
V. n. To be gathered. 

v/^oos3o^sS^ wommevuni (ajo-^oe), 
v,n. To be united, to be as- 

Jeoo^s^of wornku, s. A lane, foot- 
path; also Zjho^. 

2^orlr wornde,^. A quarter seer; 
also ^5' oil; cf. ??jsozf. 

4too2or wormba, 7??/^. Nine. — ^ 
the ninth. 
^vjoeooFo^ wormbuni, see -^oz^^f^. 

>/ Eo=^ wokka, 

^J^e3^)3^ wokalati^, i'^^ ^^e;®. 
^•3-^d wokile, ^^^ ^^e^. 

^. The hip, waist. 

^•^j^^^ a string or thin girdle 

round the waist. 

^t^^j wokkatt^, s. Concord, 

£0=0,^0^ ?iwokkattuni(aj^^^), v.n. 

To be in concord. 
Jao=^C9, 2o=^rl wokkana, wokkane, 

s. A heading, title, address. 

2. style, composition; bet. "^ 

^^fS. ^3:Drfo^ to sign. 
Eo^^oSo wokkayi, s. A single hand. 
720=^0,^ wokkuni (^^e)' ^'- ^- To 

v/2o=^a'^wokkeliii,^. A tenant. -^ 

^^i to occupy, reside. — si^r^o^ 

to be tenanted as a house, 

place or garden. 
^zA,^> wokkelme, s. One of a 

cultivating class called the 

Bants, a Bant; fern. 



.J E«r(^ wogati^, ^. A riddle, an 
enigma. 2. mystic language, 
cant. — ^ sj^ii"^ an ambiguous 

>/2«riD^ wogar^, s. Brackishness. 
adj. Salty, brackish. 

^2or(c^o^ wogaruni {z^'f^^),v.n. To 
become salty or brackish. 
2«ri b^ wogg:at^, see 'i^'^3. 


2ori ^A^ woggattuni, see zfh^^i^j^. 

JzoT^d woggada, s. Oneness, con- 
cord. -0"^)^, see Sjad a:^. 

2«r( wogga 


Zid woda 

i&grldfl woggsiime, s. Seasoning. 

—sjscI)?) to season. 
JeoAe)oo^ woggapini (^ts^), ^'. n. 

To become one, be united. 
^l^oh woggi, ^. A handle, hook; 
c/. cro?\ . — zi2;s03j a piece of 
plank suspended on both ends, 
for keeping things. — e?lb^ to 
be of one mind, -^w^^ to 
lay wait. 
Zjiid 0^ wogg^undi, s. Depth. 
2«2^c^ wocana, see ^si?^. 
4^*^^3^^^ wocipuni (^e^), ^'. a. To 
wipe off, rub out, efface. 
2. to clean. 
^'^ Q> woccadi, adj. Single. 
li^ wocci, s. A small whetting 
board: /^to ajsi ^??. —rJe^soso 


a board for sharpening knives, 

chisels elc. 
Z^2^ oJoj^ wocciyuni (^^), ^. ^. 

To deliver, give in charge; 

also Sj^S tfjsL^F^); ^. Sj^cxjoo^. 
^ t^z^o^ woccuni (^^), '^'. a.ssee 

a^ea^?). ~'2. to whet, sharpen 
y (a knife). ^3. to row (a boat). 

woja, wojaya, wojaye, woja, 
wojedi, s. Deduction, subtrac- 
tion, remission. —^ntTk>?i to 
deduct, remit. 

2o2^i^, 2«td^ wojany, wo'ane, s. A 
load, weight, burden. 

ENjtod, 2^2^ wjira, wojra, s. A 
diamond; deL ^^. 

^o^o^6 wojire, ^. A vizier. 

tobc)oao^o;:i wotayisuni (Sj&rooao 

0^), z>. a. To gather. 2. to 

change money, cash a cheque 

or note. 
2oe3e)C^ wotara, ^. The enclosure 

of a house. 2. vicinity. 
toU, e*ie3,^ wotta, wottavu s. 

Discount, agio. 2. premium. 

•djss:Da3orf— discount of a rupee. 
^o^ wotta, ^. The chin. 
20^,0 wottam, ^. Money, cash. 
E«b"3,d,'Eo^D,6 wottara, wottare, 

<2^(^'. On the whole; c/. SjWo^. 
2*jl3,r^ wottige, see SjWo^ao. 

-^2«yo. wottu, s. Total. 2. amount, 
sum. 3. the whole. ~7(dBJ( 
the whole contract. — tto?) the 
whole. ~^% ^^ aggregate 
account, sum total, —■^'^■y^^ 
to add, collect, heap, sum 
up. SjUOjAO together, with, 
along with ; on the whole. 

is^yo,^ wottuni ('^o^^, v. a/ To 
press. ^2. to heap, pile up. 
Zj^, wotte, s. The lip, mouth. 

n/^w^, wotte, s. A fissure, hole. 
2. a potsherd. ^^'. Broken, 
toC3^ls3»' wod^tely, .y^^ CA)zf£^^. 

^ '^oC^ woda, /^.y//. With. 

.eoC^o2o^=^, SoC^oOJ^ri wodambadi- 
ke, wodambadige, s. Agree- 
ment, consent, contract, cove- 
nant. 2. a treaty. 

Jtidoz:)^^^ wodambadipuni (a^rfo 
80^), 7'. ^z. To consent, agree, 
concur. 2. to be pleased. 

ZjU woda 


uz^ wodda 

y/zjii'5^ wodaki^, s. Bruise, frac- 
ture. 2. a leak. -sj^osocreoSo a 
prater, tell-tale. 
tid'uO wodakari, see aj^^^rfs. 

J uzi^^ wodatana, see 2o-d^ci. 

^tid^ wodati, 3-. A mistress. 

Vio^le:* wodatel^, s. Breaking. 
adj. Broken; c/. ^^^6. 

s/ £oS^o3o wodaye, s. A proprietor, 
master, lord. 
z^tiiu^ wodar^, s. An additional 
rafter or prop, used for sup- 
porting a roof; also 2oz6B. 

v^gd^^ wodali^i, see ctot^^. 

slaves 53 wodave, s. Property in 
general. 2. an ornament, 

agoo^ wodi, s. A border. 2. di- 
vision, plot or range of rice- 
fields. -^Wo^^ to put borders 
in a field. 

Jzj^ wodi, ^. a bubo. — Si5|^^ _ ?3X 
4^, — (ys'Oj^ a bubo to break 

-/zo^^^ wodipuni, see a^zS^^. 

^/^o^oiojN wodiyuni (SoS), z'. /^./To 
break. 2. to stoop, bend, as 
a branch laden with fruits. 

. Zi^o^ wodili^, see ^Ti:>. 
to^^ wodive, see Zjii^, 

7t«do, 2odo wodu, woddu, s. Igua- 
na. — j^j&odoo^, ^^^Xo ^ an 


iguana to get into a house; 
(y%*.) to have a bad omen. 
>/t«doo'^e3^, ^ouoo^5:3<^ wodunkely, 
wodungeli^ ^. ^The end. 2. 
boundary, limit. 

JtiZhoA^^^ wodungeluni (2orioo-R 
^), 2/. n. To cease to bear 
loc^oozoo wodumbu, .?• Stupidity. 
2. uselessness. adj. Stupid: 
2*jdoo20oe;o wodumbulu, see "^ozkio 

800 ejo. 
E^r^Oog^ wodupuni (^^), ^. ^. To 
Jzod, Zjd^d wode, wodetaddye» 
s. A kind of cake. 
ijd wode, adv. Where? whither? 
-^ow^ how far? how long? 
2o-dh whereto? 
^Zjdi^ wodetana, s. Proprietor- 
ship, mastery. 
tocl^do^ wodetaruni (eozf^S), t'. n. 
To suffer from the pain of a 
boil ek. 
^Zj'd'^P wodepuni (^^), ^. a. To 

break or break open. 
>/^^J(:lo^oo^ wodeyuni {^^), v. ?i. To 

V2«rlo3o wodeye, see z^ricS^. 
Zod^U^. wodewottu, s. A whole 



JtjZi, wodka, s. End, termination. 

y 2. bruise. <2^'. Broken. — crooSo 

the last man. -Sji^^^s, Sji^c^S 

inferior rice imported from 

the Ghats, broken rice. 

^,t^.do^ wodkel^,^. Finishing, end. 

, Zjzi wodda, adj. Flowing, -^e& 
flowing water. 

eorF5)d;^woddavuni, c.v. (o/2oTii 
^) To turn, stretch, cast, set. 


92 2oSD„ wotta 

J o^^S— to turn flowing water 

J into a field eU.J^l— to hold 

or stretch out the hand. 

80e3_ to cast a net. eA)-doe'o— 

to set up a snare. ( 

^oCS■^s^ woddali^, s. A stalwart 

or well formed man. 
Zo^ woddi, see ca)^ . 
JiZiZi^ woddu, ^."^ Stubble, sfi.see 

J ^oC^j ^ wodduni (^^), 7^. aJ^Q 
hold 6"^ stretch out, as the 
J hand. 7.'. ;^riTo flow, run. 
J Zozl wodde, ^. Multiplication 


2*jrlJS^^r\woddolaga, s. A royal 
assembly, darbar. 

2«^ wodta, ^. A stroke, beating. 
2. gain, emolument. 

^oCl wodte, s. A kind of fish. 

2^.>^e3* wodtel^, ^^^ a^i^i^. 

wG^s;Jj^ wodpavuni, <:. 7'. (^/ Sj 
^0^^) To cause to pluck, 
bend, sink in. 2. to lessen, 
J diminish. > drain. o)e5— 
to drain a rice-field after 
sowing or before reaping. 
4. to change, as money. 
n/ toC^J^ wodpu, ^. Plucking. • 
yeoC^j^^ wodpuni (SoS), -jy. «.^>To 
pluck. ^2. to lessen, decrease. 
Je^clc^, 2«(3^nr3 wodyane,wodyana, 
J. A belt or girdle, made 
of gold etc. and generally 
worn by a devil-dancer. 

Sot^o^oh^ wodyungila, ^. A ring 

with engraving 

worn by 

Eodjn ^ wodyuni, see ^JT^o^^. 

^^oD3*or\G^ won^ngeliji, adj. Dry, 
withered; lean, thin; also^^ 

^c^r^=3^b^., 2*jr9=3^^ wonakatt\^, wo- 

nakatte, adj.^Dried. 2. stiff. 

^. faded, emaciated; c/. s^ps 

VaoCS^^o^ wonakel^, ^.-^ Dryness. 

e^rasS wonape, adj. Bitter, astrin- 
• e*jr3D^ wonar^, see ^^B. 
yaors)?^^ wonas^, see CA)r®oJ. 
2ofl wone, s. Bail, security. 
-5i)o3o a bail, bondsman. 

Zo^ wotta, ^^^ CAD;^. 

wottatt^, 5". One side, 

Ls) to keep aside. 
Jzj^oi^, &o3^ojo wottaya, wotta- 
ya, s. Force, compulsion. 
2. persuasion, coaxing; also 
^ss^odo. —-s^js^o^^ to force; to 

Zji^6 wottare, see ^^-8. 

z^^iS wottare, s. Extremity, 
corner. 2. order, arrange- 
ment. — aeSboi to keep in a 
corner, put in order- —if^h^ 
to move aside — tJo^j^^ to 

2o^ ^ d wottakshara, s. An under 

2o3;5pr3 wottana, s. One place, 
or side. 
Jao3^5S^ wottavuni, ^. z'. (o/2^^2d 

adv. Aside, in a corner 

ti^^ wotti 


Zo^D^ woppa 

o)) To cause to press. 2. to 
be impressed or sealed. 

s/Zo^ wotti, s. A pawn, pledge. 
_ae^^^ to pawn. 

^tj^^ wottu, ^. The mark of 
aspiration under a letter; 
a kerned letter. ^2. closeness, 
thickness. -Q^E:^ to place 
closely, fix firmly; to foment. 


')P^c^ or zj^S-dov^ to 

reproach or abuse indirectly. 
2o ^^ ^^ , Zo iJ^ ^0^ wottu ttu, wot- 

tottu, ad7'. Very closely. 
jSoSb^^ wottuni, 7'. a. To press. 

2. shampoo. 3. to seal, stamp. 

V. n. To be close, or thick set. 
y^ui wotte, adj. Single, solitary. 

to|^ wotte, see 2oB^. 
vAjigSS wottele, s. An oppressor. 
ojdn^ wodag^, s. Haste, speed. 

—Tio^'^^ to make haste, to 

^^todrra;^^, wodagavuni, c. v. {of 

2jrfA0^) To procure, supply. 

2. to prepare. 3. to assist; 

also Zj-^T^E'^JdhF ^. 

^^todrio?^ wodaguni (z^^K)^ v. n^To 
be opportune, or ready. V2. 
to prosper. 

Eodc^ wodari^, see zs^^. 

toD wodi,^. Phlegm, phlegmatic 
humour. -5i3o^?i phlegm to 
gather in the throat, tobreathe 
hard; to become hoarse. — ^ 
e34^ phlegm to rattle. 

^^iC3ojoo^ wodeyuni, see ero^^^. 

2odca^^^woddadpavuni, c.v.{of 
8ucro 5^^) To oppress, molest. 

2o(:3i)ei woddata, s. Hardship, 
difficulty, misfortune. 2. suf- 
fering from any disease. 

eoC3^3^j?o, eoC3^C3^^^ woddaduni, 
woddadi^puni (^^^), ^'. '^- To 
be in distress, strive with 
difficulties. 2. to be pro- 
strated from illness. 

tiUD^)'^ woddavuni, see Zjcut)^^. 

^odo ?i wodduni, see 2^cd^^. 
Jzjd wodde,^. Wetness, moisture. 
adj. Wet; ^/. ^|. ^>^. oi, 

^g^ wona, see -^^. 

Zj^t> wonape, see a^r©^. 
7eocjD* wonaryi, ^. An art, skill, 
cunning. 2. means, device, 
attempt. — tooSo a contriver, 
schemer; also ^oo^5. 

&oc5c)o^d wonantara, see Ti^- 

z^t>A, Zj^, Eo^r^ wopage, woppa, 
woppage, adz'. Jointly, in 
company with. adj. (2^^) 
Joint; accessary; neighbour- 
ing. Sj^craoSo a companion, 
attendant. So^ ;^&3^?3^o3o born 
of the same parents, a brother. 

^^JSJOD wopala, see 2o^^<sjd. 
y^o^od woppanda, s. An agree- 
ment, contract. 2. an alli- 
ance, treaty. 
^iSl?od woppasale, s. Flattery. 
N/toS5^^4c^, ^o^oJJ^sS^ woppavuni, 
woppiyavuni, c. v. {of '^^^^ 
•^To cause to consent or agree. 

2. to persuade, prevail upon. 

3. to level. so-cOT^^ ^c"rf a level- 
led field. 

z^h^ woppi 94 tod wora 

Jzoh.A woppige, s. Consent, as- 
sent, agreement; compliance. 
y tcoj^ojjo^, 2oaj^o5jsr?o^ woppi- 
yuni, woppiyonuni (2^^), v. a 
To admit, acknowledge; to ac- 
quiesce in. v.n. To agree to, 
assent, consent. 2. to comply 
with. 3. to be fit, suitable. 
4. to resemble. 
Jio^^ woppu, s. Signature, -j:^ 
^0^ to sign. 
1^'^ii^'^ wopportu, see z^^t^^^f. 

Js^i^o^T^, tu2J oeSwobbantige, wo- 

bbante, s, A single man. ad'v. 


lo^o, womma, intj. of surprise. 

Lo^vj,3 wommuta, see z^ci^t. 

J J2. harmony, unanimity. Z.see 

2*js5j, womme, see a^o^. 
2«oJo^ woyana, see ^oc^o^. 
VtoOdje;o^ woyaluni (200^06), v, n. 
To reel, stagger. 
CoOSj woyi, ^^^ ^So. 2. a pole, 

EoOS.^ woyite, see a^ca. 
2o05j?o woyina, i"^^ ^odj?:^. 

-ytoO^oe:^ woyil^, .?. The force or 
velocity of a stream etc. 

EoO^o^^a^ woyisili^, j^^ z^h^. 

^o05J?J0Qi, tuO^j^gJSrso^ woyisuni, 
woyisonuni, see ^^:do^. 

toOJJo woyya, ^Wy. A sound ut- 
tered by labourers by way 
of encouragement when draw- 
ing anything very ponderous. 
— sjDTl)^ to utter this sound. 

EoOJjo^j^woyyaluni,^6'6: Socdooo?). 

e-jO^JDo^ woyyana, ^^^ ^odoj^. 

Jio0^"9od woyyara, ^. Coquetry, 
affectation, foppery. — ^^"Ov^, 
eoodj?)o&4^ to be affected or 
^Ik>^ WOT}}, num. One, single, 
solitary, esp. m cpds^ as 
— 5ra« one eye etc. 
z^T^ woru, see Zx6^- 
4 loO wora, cidv. Once, at once. 
— So"d each time, now and then. 
eoOoe3^, todoajj woranti^, woran- 
tu, .y. Hatred, ill-will. 2. re- 
SodckJo^worantuni (Sj^cO), v.n. 

To hate. 2. to retaliate. 
2/od=a woraka, s. Gold leaf; gilt. 
2.050^ j^ woyipane, s. A kind of V'i^^^ woraka, J. A watery place. 

wooden comb to pick lice with; 

also CAD'd^. 
VIv.o5jSj^^^ woyipavuni, ^. 7'. {of 

2o03jj5)^) To cause to draw or 

JtwO^.o^^woyipuni, v. a. To draw, 

pull, drag. 
toOSj^JS^woyimale, ^. Feigning, 

pretence; insinuation. 

x/lodn* woragi^, s. A cuchion to 
lean the back upon. — ^orf a 
wooden seat with a back. 

N^drij^) woraguni (So-d^), r. n. To 
lean the l);u'k against or upon 
anything, to recline. 

^/todlij^ woratuni {}^'^), '. //• To 
wrangle. 2. to importunate. 
3. to haggle; cf. c^rfouj^. 

1^6 wora 


Sod wore 

£cd:^ worada, s. A collection, 
subscription ; c/. ZjoB-R. 

z^C£^^ woraui^L, s. A pagoda, coin 
of four Rupees. — 20or© gold 
below the highest touch. ^ 
^^e5— a coin of the value of 
13 gold fanams. 

tsiC^, Z0DD3 worata, worata, s. 
Urgency, necessity; pressure. 
2. an urgent demand; im- 
portunity. — 8ael3 a notice of 
demand for collection of rent. 
—•^^^^ to demand, impor- 
tune, urge. ^j^^Tio— a peremp- 
tory demand. 

2odl worate, s. The name of a 

female demon. 
^todcj-seJ woradata, s. Mutual 
wrangling, disputation, or 
^i^OcTOCao?^ woradaduni (^s^^^), 
z'.n. To wrangle, contend, 

toda woradi, see ^sr. 

toddj^ woraduni, see Zjz^^f^. 

tNjd^^ worani^, see 2oTi^. 

todzSo^ worabel^, s. Rice once 

cleared of its husk only, 
yiido* worali^, ^.^'A large mortar. 
^ 2 /see 2^-^f. 

/sod^B worale, s. A termite, white 

tsjd?u6, Eod;d<^worasare, worasale, 
s. A kind of sham-fight in 
connection with a temple- 
festival, —"^l^oi, _s:n)cSo^ to 
play this sham-fight. 

tod^ woraha, see Zjt^tt. 

J Eod%"^ woral^, s. The plough- 
man's song. —trob4^, _ 2oO30 
^^i, — 3j^t1)^ to sing such a 

SoD^ci*, EoD'Sl^ worady, worada, 

see So'dc^. 

s^jD^eo* worani^, see aj:^5i. 
JEoD wori, adj. Single, solitary. 
£oO=^ worike, see SoS;^. 

>/to050-s^^, £o?3-sr5S^ woripavuni, 
worpavuni, c. v. (of SoD^^i)^To 
spare. 2. to protect. 3. to 
assist, help. 

xi'toO^^, 2*jD0Jjj^ woripuni, wori- 
yuni (2^^), v. n. To remain, be 
left. 2. to survive. 

^''soOsS, ioC35o^ woripe, woripeli^, 
^\ Remnant, adj. Remaining. 

YtoOoSo, 2oa3.r woriye,worye,//^. 
A single ^r solitary man. 
e^nph. — ^, — :2 alone, singly. 
Vtodo woru, 3". Features, form, 
mark, shape. — s^ax^j^, — ^§j 
4'2et^?) to be changed, as one's 
features, —t^^^^ to recognise, 

lodod woruva, see ajsir. 

todoSTsd woruvara, adv. Once. 
>/to6 wore, s. A scabbard, sheath. 

1060=5^0^ worenkuni (2ot5c^), 7/. «. 
To roll on the ground, in the 
dust or mire; also "^o^Octi. 

i^t^^ worekalli^, s. A touch- 
stone; also 0^013^6, 

e*j6^j?)6 worekore, i". Oblitera- 

Eod wore 


ZjZi:)F wordu 

tjd'^o^ wore^uni, see Sjt^aos). 
2*i33g)^ worepuni, see eroi?^^. 
2*i6s52;^ worepel^, see Zi^-t>6. 
Ij6^^ worevuni (2ot5), v. a. To 
rub, wipe, cause to corrode. 

2. to tease, trouble ; c/. £A)t5^^. 
2odJoJ^) woresuni (^^oJ), v.n. To 

dimiuish, wear off. 2. to glide. 

3. to fail. 7>.a. To rub, wipe. 
Lo^FoDs^ workannvL, s. A single 


2«=3^r^ workadi, ^^■. One sided. 
2. partially developed. — eSe"^ 
a drooping (?;' languid person. 
_t?^o^^ to cut or pare on one 
side of any thing. — rleoor^ to 
develop gradually, as a creep- 
er or the kernel of a tender 
cocoanut. —ssudosj one half 
of a cocoanut. 

2o^rcl workade, s. A stick in 
the manure. 

^o=5c)rD^ workaryi, ^. A single 
leg. — S eroo^^ to stand on 
one leg. 

toxS^oroaS v\^orkumbe, adv. Alone. 

2Aj=^r^ workenni, s. One of the 
cheeks or temples. —=5^0^ 

^o?1^ worga, s. A class, commu- 
nity; a tribe. 2. a proprie- 
tary land. 3. {pi ere.) the 
ledger (book). 4. transfer, 
shift. — ^^, — cTOoSo, _nDT5 a 
proprietor, landlord, -'^h^ 
to be transferred; also ^Xr. 

^ohrsjc^ worgipuni {^'^^), t'. dz. 
To arrange or classify ac- 

counts in the ledger; also 

2or1or^ worguni (2oKr), v, n. To 
agree (any food) with one's 
stomach. 2. to have a relish 
for a particular dish. 3. to 
agree with a proposition. 

torirsS, ^mAj^f'^ worgele, worgole, 
s.A man who can relish or 
digest anything. 

e^jT^JS^fD worgori, s. The first of 
a breed of fowls. 

tot^F worja, see ^3^r. 

e^iZoF^^ worjipuni, see ^^r^^. 

EoraF worna, ^^^ ^^f. 

Eoi^F worta. see Sj-d^. 
J^^jvlF worti, pron. A single 

^oiF worte, see 2^-^^- 2. see So£^. 

t^diF worda, adj. Bent, crooked, 
tortuous, uneven. — ^jat)^ to 
cast a side-glance, to leer; to 
squint. —zji>Ti:)^ to place 
crookedly. — ^©^o^ to talk 
evasively — eojs-do?) to fall 
obliquely; also -^p^^. 

2*jdFori^^ wordang^el^j^^y. Crook- 
ed, curved; inclined, bent. 

Zj1Z?)F^^ wordavuni, c. t. {of Sj 
nior^) To incline, slope, form 
with a slope. 
Jto^F wordi, s. Report, news, 
intimation. -=#ja2^F^, irfjo&:Oj 
ii^i to report, intimate; also 

toCijF^ worduni (^^^^ "''- ^^- "^^ 
bend, bow. 2. to lean on one 

todr worde 


z^^ wola 

todr©^ wordely, aJj. Bent, ob- 
lique, .s". A bend, crook. 

t^cSr^ wordele, s. A capricious 

e^c^F worna, ^. Shape; see ^rer. 
Sj^rrf e3^^^ as before. 

tordrrl wornaga, adv. Formerly, 
once upon a time. 

toc5"sr© wornali,.y. A single pulse 
or artery. 2. tbe uvula. 3. 
a swelling in one of the ker- 
nels of the throat ; c/. ^^i>f€. 

SoSJFsS worpale, s. A lean, thin 
man. 2. a single leaf. 3. a 
mat made of single palmyra 
leaves. 4. a small mat for 
one person; c/. ajzors?. 

^ocg)^^l worpude, s. Torment, 
trouble. 2. one side. 

ZjZ^-d worpude, s. A single load. 

Eo^r worpe, see 2ot>-^. 
vyto^r;^or, ^o^r<^^ worportu, 
worpoltu, s. Half a day. — rf 
£S?e3 half a day's labour; 
work that can be finished 
within half a day. 

ZjZ^f^ worbadi, adj. Single. 
—=^00^ a garment, a small 
piece of cloth, adv. Whole, 
all over, entire. 

coSord, EoZjr^ worbale, worbale, 
^. A single slip of a bamboo. 
2. a bangle. 

tjZoora worbuddhi, s. Union, 

LoZooF^ worbule, s. A single crop, 
tosp^rri worbhao^a, ^. A single 

part, portion or division. 

ZjZi':iF worma, s. A vital organ 
or member; also ^^r. 2. 
a secret. — - secret; pricking; 
vital. —^ 3=DA a vital part. — c; 
s:^®^ a secret that will affect 
a person. 

to^OFu wormara, s. The trunk of 
a tree lopped of its branches. 

tosSoF, Lodora^ worme, worme- 
la, adv. Throughout, every- 
where, all over. 

ZoOSdF worya, s. Remainder. 
_=^orfjr conclusion. — ?io=^y 
dangerous sickness. 

toe^^worla, s. A seer, a measure 
equal to eighty tolas. -ecraS 
a seer of paddy. — eroSasoSj 
(ItL a man worth a seer of 
paddy), a worthless man. 

2*j^>0F^ worluni, see 2^:ioF^. 
y/'ojziF worva, ^.tjrookedness.] adj. 
Oblique, slope; c/. ^^. -^"^o 
^vi to stand crookedly. — s:^^ 
■rfooi to talk evasively. 

Eo^TSFd worvara, see Sj-dosro-d. 

Zor^F worsa, ^. A year; also'^^F. 
VLe:^or\j^ woli^nguni (Sj^oK), t'. ;z. 
To move in a circle or to 
and fro. 

lo^orlj^ wolanguiii(^2;oK),^'. 7^. 
To incline, lean. 
s/2*3^od^, ^0^0^53 wolandala, wo- 

landale, s. Swoon, fainting. 
^Zj^o^, z^v^^ wolampu, wolap^, 

V si Cleanliness, purity. v2. af- 
fectation in Avalking. 

y/z,^z^'^ wolapuni (a^o), v. a. To 
love. 2. to fondle. 

2o^ wola 


ZjT^ wosa 

2«o?:jje>o2)j wolamayi, s. Pasture. 
— s;):!)^ to tie cattle for graz- 
ing; also Cf0^-^j^03x 
J t^i^sSo, 2«i;o^j wolame, wolume, 
s. Affection, love, kindness. 

2«^rj* wo\a,S]^f adj. Putrid, stink- 
ing, dirty, unclean; also^^o^- 

loSJS wola, Mj. Behold! lo! 

'oo0 oli, An affix to 7.'erbs mean- 
ing can, e.g. ^o^j|^e3 can 
make, or can be made; ^e 
4»«5 can go; ^e^SjsO can read, 
etc. (ppp. to 200^ cannot). 
J Zd€> woli, ^. A cadjan leaf used 
to write upon. — ^ ^oi^o^ a 
basket made of cadjan leaves. 
>/^o©^ wolipu, s. The skin. 2. 
the skin of a snake. 3. shape. 
—7^5^^ to cast off the skin, as 
a snake. 

2o0^^ wolipuni (aje3), V. n. To 
be possessed with a demon. 

toOs2 wolipe, ^. Gratuitous sup- 
plies to persons of distinction. 

4 2. a present, gift. —€ji>hF?i to 
give a present; <2/.y^ eroeS^. 

i^©sJod wolimade, ^. A place 
where devil-dancers are paint- 
V ZgOol)0^ woliyuni (2^«5), 7'. n. To 
favour, be kind, as superiors 
to inferiors. 

e^^jorlj^ wolunguni, see ajeJoXos). 

'6o'i wole, ;^/. o/ 2je^3. 

tg'i^Sj) woleppu, J^^ «3^. 

^o^ wolpa, ^^^ ^^«^- 
J 2«^:^ wolpe, J. Purity; c/. ajfi^o^. 
2. ^^£' 8oe5;3. 

e^d wolbe, 5". A kind of paddy- 
^od wolme, see Sjc^o^o. 

JioorsT^ wollanige, s. A cloth 
'^ . , ... 
covering the privities. 

uoD7;f wollas^, see ^^7i. 

J^o0 woUi, s. The sheet, t.e. a 

broad piece of cloth, used 

for covering the body in bed. 

2. a laced cloth for wearing; 

also 2o6 . 

en , 

Jiod , Eo^ wolle, wolle, ^.-^A water- 
snake. 2. see 2o€^. 

^os3=^J?)^ woUekodi, s. A medi- 
cinal plant Memecylon am- 

Eo53 wolve,.y. Resemblance, simi- 

SajS^) wovu, intg. pron. Which V 
what? s^^e^ whatever, any- 

2«^^j wovulu, see h^^. 

2o2J wosa, s. Charge, possession. 
2. subjection; also ^^. -e?b^ 
to pass into possession, to 
submit; to be facinated, 
charmed. — -si^s^^j^^ to take 
charge of; to subject, subdue; 
to gain over, enchant, charm, 

lo^e^^, ^o^^©, ^0^^© wosil^, wo- 
sili, woseli, s. Bias, partiality; 
also ^^ee3. -^s;<o^» to be par- 
J W7iif\, 1^^^:^, io?oo3o wosage, wo- 
6aya,wosaye, s. News. 2. Wv 
ceremony of sending a mes- 
senger to a girl's husband 

EwX wosa 


Lo^ wonte 

or parents, with the news 
of her attaining puberty. —^ 
T^s^i^j^ to send such a message. 
X?io^ wosari^, s. A spring, foun- 
tain. ^^— a fountain-head. 
t>o^~ an oozing ^r trickling 
spring. 4^— a lateral spring. 
>/to?jdo^ wosaruni (^?^^), '^'. n. To 
ooze, leak. 
E*,ro^e3^ wosili^, see Sj^?^. 
£o?uJ3oo wosulu, s. Collection or 
recovery of any dues; also 
•^7ijse;o. —-rfo^o^S) to collect, 
^'Ui^ wola, ^^y Inner, internal. 
^2. secret, private; also ^'^• 
— ^j^ intermeddling ; collu- 
sion, conspiracy, 
to^rr^^^ wolagapini(2o^A^), v.n. 
To submit, obey. 2. to adhere, 
as to a party. 
^/^g^rtoyo. wolaguttu, s. A secret, 
00^2^0^ wolacil^, s. A grove, 

under-wood; a fenced wood 
near a house; also <^^€. 

Eo^do^j, wolamattu, s. The in- 
ternal measurement of a given 
area, or of a hollow thing. 

^o^^3^)rl^ wolamarga, ^. A by- 
path, footpath; also cto^^^toXf. 
■v/e«^^^ e«^^4 wolavu, wolavu, 
.y.^Curve, bend; inclination. 
y 2. the mind,v^ecret thought. 

E^^sjoooao^ wolamundil^, s. The 
inner courtyard of a house. 

^o^;^o^^, eo«;^?^o2;^o wolasanci, wo- 
lasancu, s. Collusion, conspi- 
racy, plot. 

^o^?oJ^^, wolasutra, s. The inner 
frame of a door or window. 
Vlg^ well, s. Light, splendour. 
>/eo«?o^?j wolepuni (sj^), 7-. ^. To 

toS?^^ wolevuni, see CA)e3^^. 

e«<^, 2*.^, Eo^_j^, eo< wolty, 
wolta, woltu, wolpa, see ^s;^o. 

2o^>=^JS^ wollekodi, see a^^^jsCi. 

to wo, The twelfth letter of the 

alphabet. In MSS. it is often 

written 43?- 
tj wo, intj. 0! oh! as^ So dd^js 

Rama! §o S9s^ mother! 
-J loo=5^d wonkade, .f. An effort to 

vomit, retching. 2. heav- 


ing of the belly, -^s'ouo^?) to 


To listen. 2. to overhear, 

taoei wonti, see z^o^. 
^/ioo^ wonte, s, A kind of large 


£oo^ wonte 


2. a pipe made of 

do wodya 

thin reed, 
loo^ wonte, see §oy. 

JLo^^^ wontepuli, ^. The sour 
fruit of Gar cilia cambogia\ 
also »D?if ;^^, 0^rss^. 
iao^o wondu, {ahbr. of §j^oo-rfo) 
Where is it? 
ViiO»l wonti, J-. A blood-sucker, 
salamander. —3^0^ a swell- 
ing of the face. — ^Ji)^ a 
kind of fish. 
JL.=5^^, tj^j^ wokali, wokuli, j. 
Crimsoned turmeric water. 
— 2i*y squirting this red li- 
quid upon passers by etc, at 
the conclusion of an impor- 
tant temple festival or of a 
marriage; also ^Tjzi. 
J tj^aJ? C9o^ wokonuni (Sj^jsf^), ^. ^. 

To answer to a call. 
Jto^G^JSrso^ wononuni, ^^^ ^oi^e^o^. 
ij2d woci, s. A pair, couple. 

— sjdtSo^ to pair, couple. 
tit=j, tjti^ w5ja, wojVsa, s. Light, 
splendour. 2. strength. 3. 
bravery, valour. 
tatsiD wojja, Mj. Hailing, calling 
out to a person at a distance. 
hiZdj wojju, s. A tie, knot. — s^ 
^oi to tie. 
>/ tiij wota, s. Running, race. 2. 
the current of a stream, sail- 
ing of a vessel. 
-i tosS^s? wotepuli, see £joB^^. 

Jtid woda, s. A boat, wherry. 
-cjsiib a boatman. -3i sod a 

net for throwing from a boat. 
-■s^j^oso a boat-shaped wooden 

VtodO wodari, s.'A potter. 2. a 
term of reproach implying 
want of sense. — ^(yri, _e5??3 
the potter's work; a clumsy 
^r ill-executed work. 
tj^^g^^^, wodikattu, s. A religious 
or social association of mem- 
bers of the same caste at 
board, festival, marriage elc; 

Cf. ^JSt^JAO,. 

4'^^^^ , Ij^o wodil^, wodu, s. A 

potsherd. 2. a tile. 
n/LiJ^j^ woduni (§jS), ?:^. ?^. To 

run. deS"^ roots to spread 

in every direction, 
^d wode, see Zi&. 

titi, tidri^ wode, wodegy, adv. 

Where? cf. h^^. 
L^oSo wodreyi, ahbr. of Sjt^^ 

JL>r5 woni, s. A lane, alley. 
Lcl wone, see enn.^. 

tjfl£3i)o3jwonedaye, ^. Anareca- 

nut planter. 2. the name of 

a caste. 3. a lame man. 
>* LctssJ^ wodavuni, c. v. (of h:i:>^) 

To cause to read, to teach 

how to read. 
Jl^a?^, lado wodige, wodu, s. 

Reading, perusal. 
Jtido^ woduni (^S), v. a. To 

read, peruse. 

read over to another. 
t>dc wodya, sec ^^^. 

§jcStS ^fjv^i to 

ti^e) wona 


tos5 Woie 

L^rado wonama, s. The first 
letters with which a Hindu 
commences his studies, mean- 
ing 'I make obeisance to the 
Infinite'. 2. an alphabet. 
tjSJ?j"353 wopasale, see zji^^ie. 
Jlo^^D^ wopadi, adv. Like, ac- 
cording to. 
Jlo^ wopu, s. Polish. ~^ ^o3j>n 
a fine kind of sand used for 
polishing jewellery, —^jdhr^, 
—zj^iTid^ to polish. 
L^j^-soSo wopedaye, fro. What 
man? tnlj. An expression of 
iitSa^ wobel^, s. The song of 
women sung while transplant- 
ing rice-plants. 
>/^loSJo woma, s. The seed of bishop's 
weed, common caraway, 5/- 
son amomum^ Ptychotis ajo- 
wan. 2. any small seed. 
L^o woma, see ^js?^o. 
J'tiSJo^ womana, adj. Darling, 
dear. s. Fondness, tender- 
-^ijOSj woyi, intj. A polite form of 
&3 used in hailing, or in ans- 
wering the call of a superior 
person. §jodj3 sir! 
v/'iiOaj=^^ woyikkane, s. A quill 
of a porcupine. 
iiOJOo woyya, see SooiJoo. 
iaU^y worata, see so.'seiu^y. 
taO wori, s. A kind of whisky. 
V^tiO?^ worige, ^. Grumblingfhowl. 
v/ 2.tallness, height. 
ijQo3o^^ , hjo'^^c^ woriyilly, wo- 

rill^, .y. A hut. 2. a house 

with quarrelling inhabitans. 

LDojoo^ woriyuni (^5), v. n. 

To grumble; see z^t>^^. 
iodo^ woruni (2j^), i\ n. To 
prate, babble; to wrangle. 
iij6 wore, adj. Crooked; bent. 
i ^6#J3^d worekore, adj. Oblique, 
uneven, irregular. 
136^53^, L6js4^ worsvuni, wo- 
rovuni (Sj^, ^"^js), ^'.t/. To be 
grumbling; to quarrel conti- 
LdOc^^) woryuni, see Sjoodoo^. 
JL^ri wolaga, s. A royal assem- 
bly, durbar. 
N/lo^ri wolaga, s. A band of mu- 
sicians. — nsoSo a musician. 
—-^^Zs^t^ to play upon musical 
>/L^o5o wolayi, s. Menial service 
of Pariahs. — cjdoSo a menial 
7L3^o5:)^^) wolayipuni (Sjsjoso), 
V. a. To serve. 2. to do ho- 
i^age. [ever. 

tiSJSOSo wolayi, adv. Always, 
L)C) woli, s. A festival in honor 

of cupid; het. ^.^?^. 
ti©r^ wolige, ^^^ ^J3ee3>^- 
LQoJj, woliya, .y. A furrow, 
trench in the earth made by 
a spade or pickaxe. —7^^^ 
to make a trench, 
tj^o wolu, adv. As, like. s. 
Likeness, resemblance, 
-/to^ wole, s. A metallic ear-ring. 
2. a palmyra leaf rolled up 

'6o^ W018' 


?3^o a^lu 

and put info the hole of a 
female's ear. 3. a letter or 
epistle inscribed on a palmyra 
leaf. — TTOT? the carrier of such 
a message. — sSe^jaggorymade 
of palm juice. 

tidri woleg-a, see SooX. 
J ios3?ij^ woleguni (SjeSK), z'. nJTo 
sit in state.) 2. to lean, recline. 
3. to tremble as a demon- 

L)«3s:5or3on^ wolemanang^, s. A 
kind of fish. 

iiV^ wolya, see Sje3a^o. 

L^ wovu, mf£^. Which ? what ? 
tj^JS)^ woho, t'nlj. Oh! oh! 

ti^n^ woligi;i, adj. Flexible, pli- 
i^^A wolige, see ^jse^^?. 

^ii'^^i wolu, adz'. Where? -e;^, 2j 
^j?>?^oe;3, Sjeipso'rfe'D anywhere, 
everywhere. Sof^. 2j'^j^, Sj 
^io^o ^herefrom? whence? 
2^^ of what place? ^jSo^ 
where? whither? in what 
place? whereabout? 

ij^ wole, see §je3. 

^ au, The thirteenth letter of 
the alphabet. 
^^l!oT^o^ aunkuni (^c^), ^'. <3!. To 
press down. 

?ooUj auntu, ^. Arrogance, in- 
solence, pride. 

^o^Q^ aumpuni (^o), "c'.a. To 
chew, mumble, bite softly. 

O^j autu, J. End, termination. 
~^h^ to be finished. 

^d aude, ^. Dolichos cat Jang ; 

O^ auta, s. The letter S? in 
combination with a conso- 
nant, as in ?f3. —"^jdhr^ to 
combine it so. 


!3sra, O^^ autana, autana, j. A 
grand dinner. — rfos^o.^ to 
give such a dinner. 

!3ne)0jjF audarya- see erocroxj. 

Oa audi, s. sec es^q^. 

?3'dj^^ audrelia, see a\)^e3'. 

?3'd aura, z^^^". Light, not heavy; 

cf. soXo-d. 
2o2^^o^ ausaknna, ^t^t^ ssn^s^o^. 
!52^d, 23^qj, !35S[a, ^sij^ausada, 

aushadha, aushadhi, ausudhi, s. 

Medicine. 2. a drug. 
^■^ ausa, see eyod^sx^. 
53s;^o a^Iu, ^<?^ ©4^0. 

^ ka 


=3^ct& kanci 


=3^ ka, The fourteenth letter of 
the alphabet. 

=co=3^Cc) kankana, s, A bracelet. 
2. a sacred string tied round 
the right wrist of a bride- 
groom or the left of a bride. 

^o^CQ=5«)C kankanakhara, ^. Bo- 
rax used in soldering metal. 

^o=^r5, ^o=5'fl kankani, kankane, 
s. A bracelet of gold or shell- 
lac, with prickly chasings. 
—20^ a shell-lac bracelet of 
similar form covered with 
Dutch metal. 

T^o't^^ kankane, adi\ On the face, 

TS^c^aS^ kankappe, 5-. A small ham- 
mer, especially used by gold- 

^o^c^^ kankabhatte s. The as- 
sumed name of Dharmaraja 
while residing in disguise 
with Virataraja. 

'^o=aOo5^, =s^o^Dcdjo^ kaiikari- 
puni, kankariyuni (3^c^&), v. n. 
To hawk,, force up phlegm 
with a noise ; to clear the 
throat; to hem. 

^o-S-rJ kankini, see ^o^r5. 

=3*o=aJ^, =s^o=ctJ5^^, kankushta, 
kankoshta, s. A kind of fra- 
grant drug, used as a cos- 

"^0=5^0^ kankula, s. The armpit. 

^OT? kanke, see ^^o^^^ 


J^on^ kangi^, s. The areca-nut 
^ortra kangana, see =^cs3r©. 

=^oriG^, ^on^o^ kangal\^, kanga- 
lij, adj. Destitute, poor. 2. 
weak. 3. inferior. — «fi po- 
verty, weakness, —^h^io be 
poor; to become weak, or 

=3^oho^ ^ohe), =5^or\j^, =aor1o^ 
kangiliji, kangila, kangula, kan- 
gula, s. A kind of dancing 
among pariahs at a particu- 
lar season. 2. a song sung 
at the time. 

=3^or(oD kanguri, s. Enchased tin 
foils used in decoration. 

'^osars, =5*023^ e; kannana, kannila, 
s. A small plate, -sie^oso a 
flat earthen plate. — ^^^^ a 
hollow plate. 

=CToe^o, =5*02^^, =3*ot5'so kancala, 
kancala, kancala, s. The bitter 
gourd, Momordica charantia. 

=3*02^ kanci, o. The town of Con- 
4^Qih kanci, .s-. Gong-metal, bell- 
metal. —"^^-^ a vase. — ^^^o 
wo^ metallic utensilsof a de- 
mon shrine. — Ssie? a lamp- 
post with circular tiers of 
lamps, — 2Js3i^ a vessel made 
of that metal. 

=5'oe^5'sdja>T5- kancikamakshi, ^. 
The name of a goddess at 

=ac2^ karici 


=CTcCEi) kanda 

^^o^5=a^o5j, ^oz^^^ kancikayi, 
kancipuli, 5". A kind of bitter 
orange used in medicine. 
"^01^^1)6 kancikare, s. A kind of 
J=ao2/5n^6 kancigare, s. A worker 
in bell-metal, brazier. 
^o2/&e^, ^0^^^ kancini, kancini, s. 

A dancing-girl. 
'ao'^D^ kancil\i, s. A vow made 
to a demon. 
J=CTO^ao kancu, see ^cel. 
^^otikanja,^. Alotus. 2.see'^oddn. 

=3^02^0/^ kanjalige, s. A kind of 

-^ ^oZo kanji, ^.-^A calf. 2. the 
pestle of a grinding stone. 
3. a sheaf of hay. 

=^oe£jS^j kanjolu, s. A kind of 

'^otdo kanjya, s. A bag or metallic 
vessel in which pilgrims put 
their offerings. 2. a wicker- 
work used for storing rice 

^0^ kanta, see ^cii. 

=5^0^ ^s^oeJ^ kanta, kantaka, s. 

Danger, peril. 
T^o^j^ kantavu, s. An iron style 

used for writing upon palm 

^oIj kanti, see ??o&. 

TS'oljt^DSjfikantiyavuni, c. v. {of 
^oy >:ioor''j) To stir up a quarrel. 

=Soe3oJoo^, roL'Oo ^kantiyunijkan- 
tyuni (^-^'), ■.'. //. To (juarrcl, 
fi.^lit. -.okz-ii^ a (quarrel. 

-^^z'i^Zi^ kantel^, s. The neck, 
throat. -s3, —^ ^zi swearing 
by the neck. 

=^0^0^ kantyele, ^. A quarrel- 
some man. 

^odkantha, s. The neck, throat. 
— ^^rer© up to the neck ; swear- 
ing by the neck. — -rfjsd an 
ornament worn round the 

=aou^2^dra kanthabharana, ^. A 
kind of necklace. 

=^oQ«)^ C kanthakshara, s. A gut- 
tural letter. 

^oS, =aoS?^d kanthi, kanthisara, 
s. A necklace of gold beads 
worn by males. 

=j^o©d'3o3j kanthiraye, ^. The 
name of a certain king. ~^-u^ 
f^ a gold coin issued by him. 
y^ocs^, =aoG^a kandi^, kandi^di, 
adj. Stolen, —^^tj stealing; 
adultery. ^'cS^ft^s^ a woman 
who has become pregnant by 
adultery, 7-/^. 

=3*0^3^^ kandi;iji, see ^Sc^. 

=5^od kanda, s. A field. 

"^ozi kanda, see sooi^. 

=5^odr?, ^o:^flokandanl,kandauye, 
J. A husband. 

^oc^fl kandane, see s^ori^. 

'^odh^ kandapini, r?/V;r. o/ ^jso 

vou^z^^. kandabatte, adj. Con- 
fused, out of order. 2. un- 

rcas()Hal>!<\ inij)!'!)]) t. '7?'. 
Coiifii^f(il\ . at raiulmn : ini- 

■oUD kanda 


=5^0 f©*' kann^L 

properly. ~i>o7(c>^^ to roam 
about. — s:^i-do^ to prate, 
prattle; to abuse; to speak 
^oCiiDS^^ kandavuni, see "^jioTio 

J^oQ> kandi, s. A hole, opening. 
2. a window; c/. soa^. 
^c^^ kandita, see soo^^. 
^o^s^jd kandimara, ^. The trunk 
of a tree cut down for sawing. 
J'^odj kandu, s. A thief. 2. a 
knave, rogue. 
^odoii kanduga, see soo-rfoX. 
=CTodo^ kanduni (^^5), 7\ a. To 
^ take. 2.4o steal. 
/=5'ozi kande, ^.^A bulbous root. 
2. the stomach. 3. bottom. 
— ^-do^ (^///. the stomach to 
evacuate), to be hard pres- 
sed, bothered; to be done 
up. — 3jdtjo^, to suffer from 
colic. — "sSoA-do^ to grow or 
appear above the surface of 
earth, as the trunk of a cocoa- 
nut tree eU. 
^s^od^oei, kandekutti, s. A dwarf. 


"do-dnD^ kandegare, see ^ozio. 
v/=CTorlDoioo^ kanderiyuni (^c^&), 

v. a. To make a cut. 
>/=CTocla^ kandelyi, adjy Thievish, 

stealing. ^^^ thievishness, 

theft. ^^ozf«3 a male thief, ^o 
"^"d^:) a female thief. 
N/^oJij?)r50^karidonuiii, 7/. re/, {lit. 

to take for oneself) To steal, 


V=3^aD3^ kaun^, s. The eye; the 
sight, vision. 2. the nipple of a 
breast, pap ^/^. 3. a rent, tear. 
4. the eye of a needle. 5. the 
star in a peacock's feather. 
-rf ©cS out of sight. -^ ^'^^ 
the eye-lashes. — c^ ^jt:^j80o, 
—T^ t5^ the eyelids. — rf =^js)&, 
—rf ^iu^ the outer corner of 
the eye. — ^ ^4i^' — ^ "^^^ ^^^ 
eye-ball. —^"^^ a speck in the 
eye. —^ ^'S a film on the eye. 
— ^^or the rheum of the eyes. 

the pupil of the eye. -rf ^o^o 
V the eye-brows. -^—^^^ tears. 
_^eSc35^?i to shed tears. -sS?^ 
sore eyes. — "^^^ liberality, 
prodigality; eagerness. — "^^^ 
d 6 Si man given to winking. 
—^j;>o^ a beck, wink. — ^^^^ 
an estimate made by looking 
at a thing, a rough calcula- 
tion. Sjt5_ a squint, leering. 
t^j-doc^o— a blind eye. eSe^^— a 
sickness in which the eye- 
lashes fall off. -£A)i?S #?L^. 
— ^zsdS 4'?eE3^ to become blind. 
_8j^o^^ to wink. — 2o3^ S ^js 
^r^ to instigate, encourage 
by winking. — ^w^^^^ to blind- 
fold, deceive. -^*^4^ to stare 
vacantly, be puzzled, -^s^ja 
-do^, _^j«!0^o^, — ^js^eScxJoo^ to 
doze, be sleepy. —3^4^^, — eoo 
c^o.^, _eDoe;34^ to open the 
eyes. — s^dtjj^ to swoon. — '^^ 
eSs^^ to stare. 

^om^ kann^ 


=acdo kandu 

=5*ot^o2od kann^mberu, s. Talk- 
ing in sleep. 

=5^0^"^=^^. kann^katt^, s. Blind- 
folding, deception. 2. jug- 
glery, conjuration. -crooSo a 

=^ovd kanna, see ^o?:^. 

=c^or3oeoCo^ kannambaruni (^cr^so 
2^^, 7^. /2. To talk in sleep. 
\=^or3^ kannadi, see ^o^:^. 

^CTorsi^ocJoo^, ^orss^Ooc^ kannadi- 
yuni, kannadyuni ('^o^E'^^ z',n. 
To be confused, perplexed. 

^aorssjjso^ kannamaly, s. The 
morbid secretions of the eye. 

^oc^c)6 kannare, adv. With one's 
own eyes. 2. clearly, dis- 
tinctly. — ^jsL^^ to see for 
oneself; to see clearly. 
i T^c£^ kanni, ^.^ibre. 2. gummy 
exudation from the outer 
fibrous covering of a cocoa- 
nut. — -^"d Caryota urens. 

^orc)oe^3 kannuccu, s. A kind of 
insect, infesting the eyes. 

^o'ocIjs^Zo kannoji, see s'o^jse^. 

^03^ kant^, s. An instalment 
^r stipulated period of pay- 
ment. — Jj^j a written con- 
tract to fulfill an obligation 
by instalments, -^^o^?) to 
agree to pay a debt by in- 
stalments; to fix, settle. 
4 ^o3*, ^0^ kant^, kanta, s. Depth. 
2. a precipice, steepness, adj. 
Deep. 2. precipitous, adv. 
Deeply. 2. precipitously. — ^ 

h^ io fathom the depth of 
water. ~^^h^ to plant deeply. 
—•^ri^^, —^0?^^. see "^o^^ ^'n^h^. 

J^o^fSkantane,^^'. Inclined, bent 
downward. — =^jsWo^ a spade 
the edge of which is inclined 
inward, —^^h^ to walk with 
downcast eyes. 
^o^'s^S^ kantavuni, c.v. {of'^o 
^0^) To cause to fall or sink. 
2. to prick. 3. to offend. 
=5^0 ^0 kantu, see ^o§. 

J=^o:^j^ kantuni (^o§), v. n.^To 
sink, go down. 2."^ set, as the 
sun eU. 3. to be pricked, 
as with a thorn, razor e^c. 
4. to take to heart. 5. to be 

J=s^oi^^ kantel^, Si Sinking. 

i =5*0^3^ kandiji, adj. Dull, faded. 
2. inferior. —^^^ inferior 
silver. ~^^h^ to fade; to be- 
come pale. 

>/=^o23^^, Tg'oC^o'kandvLkajkandaka, 
s. A ditch, trench. 

J'oodiO'C} kandambi, i\ The excre- 
ment of a new-born child, 
calf eU. 

J^oC3^oJo kandaya, s. A space ot 
four months. 2. assessment, 
=5^oC3^5J^i kandavuni, c. v. (of ^c 
c^^) To render dim or dull. 
2. to deteriorate the actual 
state or quality of a thing. 
=5^odo kandu, see ^o5. 

-i^odo^ kanduni (s^o5), v. n. To 
fade, wither; to be wan. 2. to 

=3^0(5 kande 


=3^0^00 kammu 

become dim or dull. 3. to be 
vexed, annoyed. 
J^oiSo^ kandel^, s. A pitcher, 
large pot. — 3io^:rea a drun- 

^S^odo^zoj^cjj kandeluburu, s. A 
kind of creeper. 

^odiSf^ kandodi, s. An adder, 
viper. —?ic^j;5 wicked people. 
2^^,— a broad hooded snake. 
s'3c^j_ a grey coloured snake. 
oie^— a water-snake. ^e3_ a 
yellow spotted snake. — sojai^j 
a kind of creeper. 

=3^0?^ kanna, s, A hole. — ts'o^^^ 
to bore a hole. 
J=So^zi kannada, s. The Canarese 
language. ^^^ Of or belong- 
ing to Canarese or Canara. 
'i'^o^ri^ kannadaka, s. A pair of 

spectacles, an eye-glass. 
J'^o?:*^ kannadi, s. Glass. 2. a 
mirror. 3. a pair of eye- 
glasses. —^^ a network for 
suspending earthen vessels. 
-20S? a glass bangle. 

=3*oF^^aJjo^kannadeyuni, r.n. To 
suffer from morbid secretion 
of the sore eyes. 

^o?^dD^ kannader^, s. A class of 
Canarese speaking Sudras. ^o 
^"d a man of this class. 

=^0^ kanni, see ^ori. 

'^Q^'8 kannike, see "^^o. 

=3^oc5js^w kann5ji, s. A class of 
professional thieves from the 
ghauts. 2. a rogue. 

=5*0 3i kampa, see 7\ot>. 

^ozi kampa, s. Agitation, tre- 
mor. 2. hesitation. 3. terror. 
2^si>— an earthquake. TrSep^)— 
diffidence in public speaking. 
^o3jdS 80oa^^ to frighten ; a 
fish to draw away the fishing 
tackle, when it has caught 
the bait. 

=S^o^oJjo^ kampiyuni (^ol3), z',7i. 
To tremble, quake, as with 
fear. v.n. To make a notch. 
^=3^oeo, =3*02^ kamba, kambha, see 

=ao20C3^, ^023-323% ^oe3e)o5' kam- 
bad^, kambady, kambap^, see 

^j'aot:} kambi .y.~^The borders of a 
cloth. ^'^'2. a flat bar of iron. 
^3. a wire. — :3^^, ^^ezl:^ to 
run away. 
/=3^o2oo^, =5^0200^ kambula, kam- 
bula, s. A bullock race in a 
^o23z5 kambecci, s. A steel plate 
with holes for drawing wires. 
=3^oi3oor kamberlu, j. Demons 
worshipped by pariahs, —^sd 
Wo a hut of such a demon. 
7=5^ot3JS^ kaiuboli, s. A blanket. 
— 5S& a species of hairy cater- 

/=^o^j kamma, ^. A pillar, post. 
=^osJJ«)6 kammare, ^. A black- 
smith, [fective. 
J^o^j kammi, adj. Deficient, de- 
^o^oj-S-os:jojkammukiinmu, tntj. 
Disturbance caused by talk- 

=7odo kamme 


^2^ kaca 

. N/=acd:)co, =3^0^^?^ kammena, kam- 
yana, see =^S)Ooj^. 
y=^o^r karnka, s. The state of 
being to burnt cr singed. — ^js 
t^r^ to fry, roast. 
X^zi'u-^j karnkallu, s. Gravel, 
hard sand. 
V ^c^i:r;:io^ karnkldyni (^ctn^r^, 

r'. ^. To burn. 
V=3'ot5"3r^^ karncavuni, ^. :'. (^. 
^os^jr^) To cause to burn 
to cinders. 
j^s^c^aor^ karncuni (^ctio^), r. «. 
To be burned to cinders. 
=coeJr karnta, s. Obstinacy; ha- 
tred, grudge, -tj^^^ to be 
obstinate; to have a grudge. 
^ob?5^^^) karntavuni, c.v. (of 
^cUjr^j To blacken, scorch. 
^oejjr^ karntuni (s'oOr), v. n. 
To fade, become pale;Ao be 
^cdr karnde, s. The shrub 
Sphaeranthus hirtus. —^9^ 
^ the tree Carissa carajidas. 
^c3Jr-S\ karmpakki, i^. A kind 
of small bird frequenting a 
sugarcane plantation, [cane. 
Vi^otojF karmbu, s. The sugar- 
=5^oUjr2^ karmbuda, see ^o^ooeoozi. 
>y=5ro20jr^ karmbuni (s^c^r), 7'. /7. 

To mutter. 
J'SrozSr^j karmbelu, J. A stingy 
^o?g kainse, 5-. Krushna's uncle. 
^=2^, =3'?f3, kakka, kakka, s. Sedi- 
ment. a:;s:sa9ou5_ putrescence 
of sardines. 

>/=a5j).y kakkata, s. Constant 
=3^5^-t:.^"5).6 kakkabikkare, s. 

Alarm, fright, adj. Crooked. 
=cts^ 6 kakkare, see ^jss'^t?. 
V^^^sJ^ kakkavuni, ^. 


^) To cause to vomit. 
^'d'^x;^ kakkuni (-^a), ^'. a. & ;/. 
' To vomit. ^M~ to emit poison, 

as a serpent. 
j =3^=5^0,:^* kakkus^, ^. x\ privy. 
I — ^^o^r^ to go to stool. 
I-^'^ kakke, s. A crow, raven . 
I — ^J8°5 a black kind of fowl. 
j . -^^roso a kind of black 
; shelled oyster. 
^i=5^^ kakke, s. Cassia fistula. 


^^ its tree. 

kakkendelyi, s. The 
shrub CanthiiimparTifloruvi ; 

I Citrullus colocynthis. 

' =CT^j?,p=5^ 3t)?;j kakkokasastra, 

' A treatise on women. 

; =5^2Gre kanana, see ^cssf^s. 

J=a2S^2;ff kacakaca, intj. A sound 
produced, as when kneading 
any glutinous substance. — ^j» 

. ^r^ to tread or knead any- 

{ thing to a jelly. 

P =^2^=^ kacakka, s. A sound pro- 
duced by a stone falling in 

1\ 'S'z^^z^, ^2^^02/1 kacapici, kaciku- 

I ci, 5.-€onfusion, disorder. ^ 2. 

j reducing anything to a jelly. 

I adj. Gummy, sticky. 3. zig- 

; zag; difficult to decipher or 

^2^ kaci 


=5d liaja 

=3^2;^^ kacita, see so^7^. 
'^s^JSd kacura, see "^^^ "rf. 
^2^J96 kacure, s. A clever man. 
^eS^O kac9ri, ^. A public office. 

3sejj3^— the Tahsildar's office. 

So3dja5— the Collector's office. 
^2^=^^ kaccakadi, ^. A tortoise 

^z^'d kaccade, ^. An outcast. 
^i5e) kacca, (^^'. Green, unripe; 

raw. 2. silly, indiscreet. 

3. base, low. 
s/^ii^ y kaccata, s. Quarrelling, 

fighting; dispute. 
i^t5c)do^ kaccaduni, ^'. ^. To 

^^Z3^5j^ kaccavuni, ^. v. {o/^^^ 


^)) To join fast. 
=5^2^ kacci, ^^^ ^2^J5 . 
=3'z& kacci, s. A notch, incision. 


— s:^rfo?) to make a notch. 
T^2^ =ac^ kaccikada, ^^^ ^^ ^^. 



^2;^ C3^o3o kaccidaye, ^. A native 
of Cutch. 

v/=5^2;^j^ kaccuni (^^), -t^. ^2/ To 
be joined fast. v. a1 To bite. 

Jus^jsd kaccura, ^. A fragrant 
root of the Zedoary Zeriim- 
het or Curcuma Zerumbet; 
Kcempferia galanga. • 

/=^2;§ kacce, s. The end (^r hem of 
a lower garment gathered up 
behind and tucked into the 
waist-band. — =5^yo^?i to fasten 
the under cloth behind; any 
fluid to run down the rim 

while tilting ; to turn the tail 

between legs, as a dog. 
=5^esiob*, ^i^oh kajanti^, kajanti, 

see ^?iolj. 
=^tio^ocj^^o kaj ammad^me, J. The 

tonsure of a child. 
^2^5^ kajakiji, s. An oyster or 

cockle shell. 2. a cocoanut 

shell. =^J3e£Jo- the shell of a 

black oyster. 
^S^ii^odod kajakuruve, s. A kind 

of basket. 
=^2^=^ kajake, adj. Variegated 

with white and black. — ^^jseQ 

a white fowl streaked with 

=^2d^ kajane, s. The green stuff 

floating on stagnant water. 
=^2;idOc^ kajaruni, see ^sStjj^. 
N/=5^2d53), =5^23^ s^ kajavu, kajavu, ^. 

Rubbish, sweepings. 2. see 

=3^2?e)c3 kajane, see a^SiD^. 
7=5^23^ kajlpu, ^. Curry. 
4 =5*20^^ kajili^, ^^^ ^■<2^. 
^2£ kaje, ^. A kind of grass 
growing on brackish soil. 
>/ ^. an acid substance accu- 
mulated on the teeth by 
chewing betel leaves. 
=^^ kaJe, adj. Dark-red, reddish. 
— 59S an inferior kind of rice. 
N%2B^^ kajepuni (^^), v. a. To 
chew. 2. to husk with the 
teeth or beak. 
=3^2£do^ kajeruni (^^^), v. a. To 
waste, as time. 2. to lose, as 

=5^2£ kaje 


^e:^ katty. 

sleep. 3. to delay, put off, as 
work or labour. 
4^'iiZ>^ kajely, s. The after-birth, 
'^'S>^1^^ kajelpuni (^^^), see 

^23^3^ kajjati^, s. North-west 

=^23^cdj kajjaya, s. A cake made 
of rice, jaggory and ghee. 
Tjoii— a sweet preparation 
consisting of dhoU, gingely 
seed, jaggory, cocoanut, and 

^Z^ kajji, see X^. 

'^tiS) ^ kajjura, see X^5. 


=5^^ kajje, s. Business, work. 

^2£do^ kajjeruni (^|^), '^^. n. 
To be interrupted, procrasti- 
•J=CTb^=s^je3^ katijikuty, ^. The noise 
produced in biting or chewing 
any hard substance. 2. un- 
easiness in the bowels. 

=5e3*sjjr/j, katymasty, see aIj^o^. 

^ei^ei katakata, s. Babbling, 
chattering. — ssi'do^ to chat- 
ter; to speak harshly. ~^€) 
4^ to laugh noisily. 

^eJi^^ katakkane, «^^. Readily,' 
suddenly, at once. — 3jfd^^ 
to speak harshly. 

TS'ei^S katale, s. The shopkeeper's 
open box for putting in cash. 

=ae3D^jii katakuti, s. Confusion, 
disorder, disturbance. —7i^ 
^:5i>?i lumber, things lying in 

confusion. — ctdoS^doSo a quiet 

=3'ba)0 katari, see ^^^. 
=5^be)5S katavu, s. Reaping. 
=5*^^ kataksha, s. A glance, 

side-look. 2. mercy, favour. 

—^J9^di7)^j^ to show mercy. 

_De^^ to regard with favour. 
"^U^ katina, see ^sr®. 

=5ei^ej katipiti, s. Wrangling. 
2. disagreement, misunder- 
standing. —2^hF^ misunder- 
standing to arise. — -rfo^Ov^ 
to wrangle ; to haggle in mak- 
ing a bargain; to disturb, 
as by babbling. 

^^od, =3^yjsd, =CT^J5^d katura, 
katura, katora, adj. Harsh, 
severe, cruel; cf. ^sr®. 

=3^li6j3^5QrJ katkarohini, s. Black 
hellebore, Helleborus niger. 
-i^k^. katt\ji, s, A band, hoop. 
2. a tie, bandage. 3. a bundle, 
packet. 4. an order, com- 
mand; a regulation. 5. a 
bond. -^^'^ a law, institute, 
usage, routine. — =^jse5 fixed 
hire. —'h^T?^ to loosen a tie. 
— T^^oito unfasten; to cancel 
a rule. —■^'^^^^ to make 
a resolution, or rule; to ex- 

^g^^'s'o^o kattykamma, s. A fixed 

=2rl3^.=a::^ katti^kada, sec ^rris'^. 

'^^.=5'^ kattykadi, ^. Determin- 
ation, settlement. 

^b^ kattu 


=CT^, katte 

tk^r^d katti^kade, s. A final 
arrangement or resolution. 
— ^ finally, at last, on the ex- 
treme point. 
' =^^^,=5^^ katt^kathe, s. A fable, 
novel, romance. 

^b^,^oo^j, katti^inuttu, see ^t^o 

£0 vO 

^b« s3^ katt^lme, see ^^^^- 

so '^ 

^bf,S3-3rj^ katt^vas^, ^. A rough 

kind of cloth. 2. a piece of 

cloth to wrap up clothes eU. 

>/^£J, katta, s. A dam. 2. ^^^ ^^,. 

TS^y katta, see ^m^. 
v/=g^Ur3 kattana, ^. An embank- 
ment. 2. any earth- or stone- 
work. ^3. a building. 

^eJ,r32^^d;3 kattanaciravu, s. A 
bag with divisions; ^/^£? Xy^o 

^eJ.^rJ kattapuni, ^. An em- 
bankment between rice-fields 
or across a water-course. 

-J'^'ddi kattalme, s. A building. 

'/^g'ej,^ kattale, s. Custom, prac- 

20 • • • 

tice. 2. an order. 3. a rule, 

=^e3^,=3^oe3. kattakutti, ^^^ ^6to^o&2. 

eo eo 

J=s^e3^,r^ kattani, ^. A necklace of 


five or seven strings of gold 
beads, each having a gold coin 
in the middle. 
V=s^b|,^^kattavuni, c.-z'. {of. ^wo^ 
^)) To cause to bind or tie. 

2. to have a house etc. built. 

3. to supply. 5^:5— to supply 
with vegetables. 

=g^b|,^^ kattavuni (^^), ^'. «. 
To winnow. 
^i^ViX\ kattige, s. Fuel, firewood. 


=^^0. kattu, see ^^ • 

20 ■ ' " 

=?^bo.^„d kattuttara, ^. Adjust- 

20 — 

ment, settlement. 2. order 
command. 3. the pacification 
of a devil. 
-^^eJo.^ kattuni (^^), ^. a. To 
bind, tie, fasten, secure. 2. to 
build, construct. 3. to set, 
as jewels. 4. to amass, as 
wealth. 5. to deposit, as money. 
V6. to pay government dues. 
?7ll5 '^ji>hF^ {lit. to tie and 
give) to erect for another, 
as f^^ ^0.5 =^j3br^ to build 
a house for another; =^^^I3^S 
"^j^hF^ to submit voluntarily ; 
cTOoodo '^^^^ T^js^F^ to refer a 
dispute for arbitration ; 2?>jsso 
^13,5 T?jsbr^ to lease out a 


land. ^I3^S a^L^^ to store, 
amass; to forbear, as from 
showing one's pride. ^^^ 
zjDZio^ to confine. ^13.S ojD<i'do^ 
to argue closely a point in 
dispute, to contest. 
=s^Lb,;i)jyo, kattumuttu, see ^tSo 

eJ 20 


=^^ katte, s. A raised seat of 

20 ' ' 

earth or stone. 2. an altar. 3. 
an office, w 33^6"— a post-of- 
fice, ^js*^^— an embankment 
round the tulasi plant. ?ioo 
"Sd— a custom-house. — ^^o^^> 
to suffer loss, be ruined. 


=5*^^ katte 



^zi kada 

'^^^ kattevu, s. A flea. 
=^^Arao^ kattonuni, v. refl. (of 

^wo^^) To bind for oneself. 2. 

to supply oneself. CDsi— to 

commit sin. 
=^^, T^^, katle, katle, see ^«."^. 
■^©■©O kathari, ^. A dagger. 

TS'Sra kathina, ^?^'. Hard, harsh, 
severe, difficult. — ji-d^je)^ a 
cruel man. — sjui-d a severe 
expression. ~-Qs^^t\ a serious 
disease. — c^^odo a hard 

^^JS^d kathora, adj. Severe, hor- 

^cs*oZ§^^ kad^nciliji, see ^^^. 

^cs^oZu, =sc3^oe§oSj kad^nji, ka- 
d^njeyi, see 7\^-R. 
'/'^^S^osoo kadT^mbu, s. A kind of 
=5^G^o23d kad^mbele, ^. A miser, 
-J=^C5^^ kad^^ta, ^. A cut, incision. 
2oc^e s'S^jsAO =5^^ he cut it at 
one stroke. 2. ^^r? ^rf^. 
'?^G^;^d kadi^tale, j^^' s'Stj??. 
=aC3<^C3^ kadyd^, ^^^^ sS. 
-1=3^C2<^^^ kad^puni, j^^^ xsTi^^^. 

^zs^^j kad^ma, ^^^ s^r^do. 
>y ^c^z^^sSj kadyiine, ^. Prid'), vanity. 
2. ostentation, vaunting. 
'^cs'^isS, ^J2^-Fjii6 Lad^£ale,kadyi- 
sale, s. A di^vil-dancer's 
=3^Cs^^N kadi^stana, ^'^ XSco^^f. 
-J^ci kada, ^. A loan, debt. — ^js 
^""«'to lend, —s^sjc'i to borrow. 

J T^cioCJkadanda,^. Grinding. -?r^ 
a grinding stone, ^^o^ a 
grinding pestle. 

"^doi^^^ kadambal^, s. The space 
behind the hearth. 

i^doi:)^ kadambale, s. A kind of 
poisonous snake; also ^s'T^^od 

=^2^=3^^. kadakatt^, s. Monetary 
transactions, lending and bor- 

i^zi^zi kadakda, see TdiXri. 
-i'^zir^ kadag^a, s. A bracelet. 
-I'S^c^^ kadata, s.^A cloth covered 
with a composition of char- 
coal and gum, and used in- 
stead of a slate for writing. 

J 2. the skin. 

=^(:^dj kadadu, see ^S. 
J'^ziti kadapa, s. Distance. 2, 
about half a mile. 

J'S^dsra^c^ kadapavuni, c,7'. (of "6 
^4^i) To cause to pass. 2. 
to help one to ford a river. 

I'^Ti'^ kadapu, s. A ferry. —'^%^ 
a stone placed across a stream 
for crossing over. — crooSo a 
"^Ti"^ kadapu, s. A rheumatism 
of the joints. 

^'^zi'^Ti:^'^ kadapuduni, c, v. (of ^ 
ci^s^) To despatch, forward, 
send away, dismiss. ?rTi^Tl3 
??jsSbr^ to accompany one for 
a short distance out of civil- 
ity ; to follow the remains of 
deceased relatives to their 
last resting place. 

vd kada 


=5^do kadu 

J-^d^p kadapuni (^^), ^'. a. To 
cross, ford, pass. v. n. To 
elapse. 2. to surpass. 

i =j^^s2^ kadapelu, ^. That which 
can be crossed over. 
■^zit>o-d kadapyade, see '^^^^' 

J'^dzio kadama, s. A stag, elk. 

i ^c^^o kadame, s. Deficiency, de- 
fect. 2. remnant, adj. Less, 
deficient; remaining. ^^— 
difference, about. ~^h^ to 
become less, be diminished. 
—•rfo<^Ov^?i to lessen, reduce; to 

7=3^!^ 05 J kadayi, s. A boiler of 
^d^ kadara, s. The companions 
of a bride, bridesmaids. —=3^ 
yo.^ to choose a bridesmaid. 
— crot a bridesmaid. — rf ^5 
oci:rad a gift of four rupees to a 
=^c^do^ kadaruni (^^^), ^. /2. To 
croak; to caw. 

>/^do^ kadal^, s. The sea, ocean. 
— ^^^, _9s^ the sea-gull. — ?^ 
(sjzo^d the bone of a cuttle- 
fish. —?^o-5 the foaming surges 
of the sea. — ^o^S a sea-hog, 
dolphin. — S3De3 a kind of fish. 
— "rfos a sea-snake. — -sj?)^ a 

J =^2^53 kadale, ^. Bengal gram, GV^;* 
arietinum. ^e^— the ground- 
nut, Arachis hypogacB. 

^ ^ziz^ kadavu, s/X turning-lathe. 
2. a wooden shoe. 3. a silver 
anklet. — s:^:lo^ to turn in a 

lathe; to wear anklets, or 

wooden shoes. 
^d?^ kadasijL, see Xt^c3. 
^C3^^^ kadakadi, ^^■. Resolute, 

decided, strict, exact. 
v/=^C5^o5o kadayi, ^^^ =3^1^030. 
=3^^i)d kadara, ^ee ^Ti-d. 
"uz^^ kadavu, see s'c^^. 
=3^^ kadi, s. An opening, pas- 
7 sage. -^. a small fragment, 

bit. 3. a small passage. — ^ 

w^?) to block up an opening. 
^^ kadi, s. Broken rice; adj. 

=5^(^a kadita, see ^S^. 
=CT<^z5^^ kadicil^, ^^^ ^§r^' 
=^^do kadime, ^^^ ??Ti^o. 
=5'<^o;Jj kadiya, see ^Qodo, 
>/=5^ao;Joj^kadiyuni (^^), T'. ?/:^o be 

cut in two. 2. to break down. 

3. to give way, as a dam. 

4. to dissolve, as friendship. 
=^^0^, =s^^0^^kadirij, kadiratana, 

see ^t^^B. 

V=3^^S3^r9 kadivana, s. The bridle 
of a horse. 

s/^^^D^ kadlrijL, adj. First-born. 
—^^ primogeniture. — trooSo 
the first-born son. 
=a^^D^ kadir^, s. The plant Si'da 

■^"^do kadu, ^. Pungency; seve- 
rity. 2. excess; extremity. 
adj. Pungent. 2. extreme, ex- 
cessive. 3. severe. — ^s'e;^?), 
— c^T^j?) to poison the fish. 
—^^^ excessive trouble. -"^^^ 

^^0 kadu 


=5d kade 

very bitter. — ^^jsesj excessive 
passion or anger. — ^oTs a 
very liberal man. —zj^h a 
great sinner. — 2>^ excessive 

^d^ic^^D^ kadumbarijt, s. Drowsi- 
ness, dreaminess. — 3j^<f-do^ 
to talk in sleep; cf. tJ^f^oso-d. 

=5^^:^0023 kadumbe, see ^ri-^o. 

is'djsj, =3^do3^ kadupa, kadupu, 

see ^^. 
J'S'c^osoo kadubu, s. A kind of 

^djdooyj, kadumuttu, s. The 

extreme point. 2. severity, 

sharpness, adj. Extreme. 2. 

severe. — rf de?? travail. 
=^3^053c)02)o kaduvayi, s. A kind of 

si =^dod kaduve, j. A hero. 2. a 

courageous man. 3. a clever 

^c^o^?^ kadustana, see /(E^^^. 
J^d kade, s. Verge, edge, margin. 

2. end, extremity or point. 

3. place, side, direction, adj. 
Last, final, ultimate. 2. low, 
mean, -^fsoso the fruit of the 
last crop. -?R)ej (/^V. last time), 
end, death; evil; distress. 
— =#j»ciTOo<S without head or 
tail; forlorn 67^ destitute; stu- 
pid, absurd, senseless. -3» 

\ o3o a retainer, adherent. — a^ 
the last day; the day of judg- 
ment. ~^-dTi7^^ a low, mean, 
or stupid man. -?3j»eU a 
side-glance, leer, -scrooso the 

corners of lips, —^j^^of dis- 
qualification. ~7ioE the hip, 
waist, csp. of cattle. -=^j3c1:^ 
to come to an end. — ^js^^ to 
witness the end or destruction 
of anything. — ^jaefcD^^ to 
threaten with evil. — eojs-do^ 
to avoid, escape; to recover; 
to get through a task. • — eSja? 
^^^ to pare or lop the top. 
— ■rfj^o^^ to. conclude, bring to 
an end. ^-s^js-do^ (a woman) 
to commit adultery, odsc. 
— "s^joyo^^, — 43orfo^ to come to 
a conclusion or decision. 
^^edo^ to finish, terminate. 
'^'d¥ finally, at last, ^if^ a? 
^^i to keep aside, ^zf^ ^^^n 
o) to gather together in one 
place. ^<5^ €?do^ to be an 
adherent of. ^rzl^cl^ ulti- 
mately, finally, at the end. 
^^e the very last, final. e?_ 
that side. =^^?- this side. ^"^ 
osjzi- inside. ^c^O30rf_ outside. 
J'^do'^Jd'^ kadencuni (^^zfotoT), 7-. a. 
To knead. 

^d^s^cro* kadekanni^, i". The outer 
corner or angle of the eye. 
2. a side-fflance, leer. —5 
^t:^ to look askance; not to 
be well disposed. 

'^d'^b^, kadekatt^, s. Tlie settle- 
ment of a dispute. 2. a double 
cross-beam. 3. a wooden 
square in front of an upper 
story, supported on posts. 

=^d=SDU' kadekar^, s. The heel. 

=^d kade 



=^clr\oO kadeguri, s. A pit used by 
the rope-pullers when work- 
ing a country water-lift. 

'S^d^^o^ kadeccuni, see "^-do^io^i. 
^=^d^% kadepini (^^), i'. a. To 
bite, champ, gnaw, grind. 
tfsaso— to chew the cud. ^jse?- 
to gnash the teeth. =5^cSb^€ 
a grinding stone. 

=5*20202:^, =5^cl20^f^ kadeballi^, kade- 
ballu, ^. The ropes with which 
a water-lift is worked. 
/=5^cloioo^), =5^^155^ kadeyuni, kade- 
vuni (^^)^ V. a.-^To stir up, 
turn. >/2. see ^ifL^^. 

'S'ddo^ kaderuni, ^^t? ^Ti-6^^. 

^d?o kadesa, i". Delay. 

=3^d^'c)4c^ kadesavuni, <;. '^'. (^s' 
tS?io^) To delay, detain, stop. 

=c^d?oo?^ kadesuni (^i^^co), 2/. :?2. To 
be late, to delay, tarry, linger. 

=3^j|) kadei, see ^c^oso. 

=ac^ kadga, s. A sword. 
/'^g^^o^ kadcil^, s. A turning 
lathe. —sjDil)^ to turn in a 
lathe. — oDoSo a turner. 
J=5^^ kaddi, s. The fibre ^r vein 
of a leaf. 2. a very small 
stick. — ef)d^, ^^^ sp-d^. 

^c^ o kaddya, s. A pitcher, water- 
>/=3*c^ (d kaddyana, s. A bridle, 
reins, bit. 

=3*^3 d 23^ 0^0 kadtaleUayi, ^. A 
quarrelsome person. 

^^a* kadtel^, ^. That which is 

^^?-)j kadtelu, s. A prattling 

'=aC5^ kaddiji, s. Severity, rigour, 
harshness. 2. the strength of 
wine etc.; also —7^0^. adj. 
Severe, harsh. 2. strong. 
— sroiTJ a harsh word, ^^h^ 
to be severe, strong. —"^^ 
'^Ov^i to make strong. 
J=3^C3^y kddata, s. Cutting. 2. 

=CT(:^,3„ kadpatti, s. A bill-hook. 
V=CTdo kadpu, ^^'. Excessive, be- 
yond limit, etc, — ^"^^ an 
oversweet confection. — srood 
a very harsh word. —^07^5 
gold containing a larger pro- 
portion of alloy than usual; 

J =s^dj^^ kadpuni (^S) , v. a. To cut ; 
to fell down. ^Ti.^6 a stone 

oJ 00 

cut from a quarry. 
^c^, kadma, >y^^ ^c^^o. 
^d, =CTd kadle, kadle, see ^^^. ■ 

=^^3 kana, s. A square piece. 
■d^^_ the piece of cloth from 
which a female's bodice is 

=3^C9 kana, see ^^^ 

=3*r3 kana, 7'. a. (imperat. of =^jso 
nh^) Bring. 

=5^^0200^^ kanambaruni, see po 
-i=3^r3S* kanak^^, s. Fuel, firewood. 
.* ^r^ti kanaja, ^. A granary, barn. 

'^^^tid kanapade, s. A kind of 

=u£^ kana 


■i. katte 

tree, having poisonous milky 

^s^rssilci kanapane, s. A stupid 

^g^rssidjkanaparvL, s. A jaw-tooth, 

^ras^e^oSj kanapalayi, s. A plank 

for the driver to stand upon 

in buffalo race. 
^C9aj^ kanapini, see =Sji>orih^. 
-i^^^t) kanape, adj. Bitter, astrin- 
=^£^'3 kanale, see ^J3r©«3. 
J=3^rJ kani, s. A ditch, trench. 

s{=^d^^ kanipuni (^^), ^'. n.^iTo 
be hardened by burning, as 
an earthen vessel. ! 2. to be 
afflicted. -sSoFi^co- to be depres- 
sed, dispirited; the heart to 
be hardened. 
I =3^rJdo kanime, s. A defile or pass 

between two mountains. 
'S'cJoSj kaniye, s. An astrologer. 

^ =CTr?)s3 kanile, s. A tender bamboo 

«/ ^fl kane, s. A slender bamboo 
=5*fl kane, s. A blight incidental 
to rice crops. =^o3j^— a blight- 
ed ear of corn. 

>/'5f| kane, s. The quill of a por- 
cupine, —tjo'^ a porcupine. 

'S'florv^, ^s'floA kaneng^, kanengi, 
see ^6cK. 

=3'fl^^ kanepuni (^f?), ?'. «. To 
have an acrid or astringent 
taste. 2. to rot. 

=^fl5odj kaneparu, see ^r©zJdj. 
=3^cl32 kanepe, ^^^ '^c©^. 
=s^clo^j^ kaneyuni, ^^^ ^^^4^^• 
=^dId^ kaner^, .y. Astringency. 
v/t^eIo^ kanely, s. The thick end 

of grass or straw. 2. a small 

branch of a tree. 

"^^^^ kanevuni, see ^f^^^. 

=3'clJ3oo^ kanopini, ^^^ ^jsoiib?). 

=3^fij5€ kanole, see ^J3pse5. 

J=aco^ kannii, see ^oFs. 
CO • 
=or3 =ab^, kannakattu, i"^^ tfofii^'O . 

=5^ra^^D' kannaniry, ^^^ 5^ofi^§5 

under ^o^. 
^f|j?. ^to kannoji, ^^^ ^o?2j3e22. 
=^i kate, see ^^. 
J=3'|j, katta, s. The coir ^r fibres 
of the cocoanut, used to make 
ropes with. 
J =3*^0 kattari, see ^s^^^o. 
J=CT|j,DC)do.^, =a^^>Oo^kattaliyuni, 
kattalyuni(5^f^^),r.:?^. To set, 
as the sun; to get dark. 2. 
to droop, as one's spirits. 
J=3^^53 kattale, s. Darkness. ^&-, 
^A ^e3 pitch dark. ^^^^^ the 
=g!|^55 kattavu, ^^^ ^i,- 
=3^|j,V*' kattal^, s^ Cash, ready 
money, vlg, 
J=a|j,katti, s. A knife; also ^£^. 
-l=3=i katte, ^. An ass. 2. a silly 
>/ creature. ^^?s'Je3^ a hayeaa. 
-^^|j,& katteri, J. Scissors, shears. 
2. an betel-nut cracker. 3, a 
rat-trap; also .oe^-. 



=3^:3^. kadr^ 


J^|^Do;^oj?j, =5^4>do^ katteriyuni, 
katteruni {^fB)^v.a. To shear, 
cut with scissors. 

tS's^c^, =3^3^Fjkatrana,katrana,^. 
A composition of chunam 
and other ingredients used 
for flooring. 

=acp, =5qi^ kathe, kathana, s. A 
story, narrative, narration, 
history. 2. a fable, tale. tntj. 
Ah! c33^_ wonderful! ^qro 
^?ioA narration of a story. 
s'qro-dx! a delightful or pleasant 
story. ^qro:^oX)^ a collection 
of stories ; a compendium 
of history. 

=^23*055 kadi;impe, see ^rfc;3. 

=^23^=0^2;^ kad^k^l^, s. A vital 

part of the body, as the heart. 

2. the side. ["taff. 

n/=c^C3^0^ kadyir^, ^. A spindle, dis- 

=^dos3 kadampe, ^. The decayed 
part of timber- 2. a chip, 

=c^do?od kadamsara, s. A per- 
fumed braid made of the 
"kedagi" flower. 

'SdF^ kadana, s. War, battle. 

=ad^ kadane, j. A swivel-gun. 
— 80oc^^ to fire a swivel-gun. 
4i^ViQ\ TS'ddo kadar^, kadaru, see 

=5^d^Ooi kadaluni, .y^^ ^de;j^. 
4^CJs3 kadale, ^. A rag. adj\ Rag- 
ged, tattered. 
J=3^a=^ kadike, ^. The Huriallee 
grass, Cynodon Dactylon. 2. 
the name of a village. 

y=5a# kadike, s. A granary. 2. a 
depository for the receipt of 
=^a^ kadine, see ^c^jS. 
V=g^a^ kadipu, .r^^ =5^2^-^. 
^aDog^i kadipuni, .y^^ =5:3^^. 
=aa^o kadime, see soe^o. 
N/=5^aoJo kadiya, «^^'. Strongly, 
well, -^owo^ to squeeze well. 
-^=3^£)D^ kadiri^, ^-.-^An ear of corn. 
^ 2. .y^^-^^SS. 

=s^a^^o kadima, «^'. Of long 
standing, veteran, experi- 

=s^e)^dj kadime, s. A veteran, an 
experienced man, a servant 
of long standing. 

=3^do kadu, s. Grit. 
J =^dj^ kadupu, see ^rfo^. 

J=aj3 kade, ^. Catamanial dis- 

J=s^d^^, =5^dojjo^, =5^c54^ kade- 
puni, kadeyuni, kadevuni (^^3), 
V. a. & ^. To disjoin. 2. to 
pull out, strip off. 
=5^diG^ kadeli^, adj. Loose, 
^d^o^ kadeluni (^^^), r. ^. To 
become loose, slack. 2. to 
shatter, tatter. 
=^Cj^^© kadoli, s. A species of 
plantain, Musa sapientum. 
y=aCjO. kadpu, ^. Stealing, theft. 
/g'do kadpu, .y. An ear of ripened 
corn. — c5oA0^ an ear of corn 
to bend from its weight. 
J^cj^ kadru, see ^55. 

=5*^^ kadro 


"ut,^ kappa 

^dJ^.^Ci kadrolu, ^. A kind of 
edible grass. 
-1^^ kana, ^. A dream, —^-dj^s^ 
a vision ; chimera, fancy. — ^ 
^^ {lit. dream and mind); 
sleep or wakefulness, used 
negatively — =5'W0j^, c. dat. 
—■^h?i to dream. [so-do^i. 

'^cdoejdb^ kanambaruni, see ^or®o 

=5=?^^ kanaka, s. Gold. ^f^so^T^e^ 
showing honour or devotion 
by pouring gold coins on 
the head. -e:^j?>r®F gold dust. 

^-^fj kanape, see ^r®^. 

^=^^=5^^ kanikara, s. Pity, compas- 
sion. — ■rfo^o^^ to pity, have 

7=^c^o^^^, ^c^ojoo^ kanipuni, kani- 
yuni, see '^^^^. 

y^c^sJOJSD kanimuri, s. The smell 

of smoke. 

^^d kanile, see ^f^e3. 

=g^^^ kanishta, adj. Small, little. 

2. young. 3. base, inferior, 

low. — ^ lowest. "^t^A, a 


^fS kane, see ^s?. 

=5?553^4c^ kanepavuni, c. v. {of ^ 
^^^) To afflict, cause trouble. 
2. to harden, as the heart, 
v'^f^?^^ kanepuni (^?^, v.n. To 
be afflicted, troubled. 2- to 
be hardened; see ^rf^^. 

•g'j^D* kaner]^, see ^«3^. 
^^ti^"^ kanevuni (^J5), 7r n. The 
skin to be discolored by a blow. 

"jSTt. kanna, see ^osJ. 

J^fd,d kannada, see '^o^ri. 
l^^fi kannadi, see "^o^^. 

=3^^ kanni, see ?rcr5. 

^^^ kanya, s. A virgin, young 
girl; also ^^o, ^^>;^^, s^?^o^o 
^80. 2. the sign Virgo in 
the zodiac; the sixth solar 
month. -3^ virginity. —^ 
59^^ an offering to the dead. 
—rf =^030 the first crop. —^ 
t>^5 a kind of grass. — sOs© 
•do, —deS the country sarsa- 
parilla, Heynidesmus indicus, 
^?roocs;i giving a girl in mar- 

=3^3:; kapa, see ^^. 

=^3i£3 kapata, J. Fraud, deceit; 

hypocrisy. —7^^, — crooSo, _ ^, 

- =5^zj&3 a hypocrite, dissembler. 

— ^?M the guise of hypocrisy. 

=^sjcl kapade, ^. A gluttonous 
woman. 2. cloth. 

^sj^, =aS3^^ kapala, kapala, s. 
The scull. 2. the temples. 

=^53c)b* kapat^, s. An almirah. 

^55^X0 kapayi, s. A greedy 
woman. 2. middling, as liquor. 

=?^aj kapi, 3-. A monkey, ape. 
_s5?7^ a monkey's trick; teas- 
ing. — ^u^^i to mimic, ape. 
J'g'^ kapi, s. A pulley. 

=g^^^ kapila, s. A tawny colour. 
adj. Tawny. >-^i^?), 3^^c3 the 
founder of the Sankhya philo- 

^sj)^ kapura, see "6^7^. .^ 

.. i^r^ kappa, j. Tribute, an offer- 


=3^3:5 kappa 


ts'eo kaba 

7=3^^0^ kappanda, s. A sling. -^^ 

a sling stone- 
=3^.^^, ^^(S, =3*^(1 kappada, kap- 

padi, kappade, s, A dirty, 

tattered cloth. 
=3^sj (^ kappade, j. A snipe; cf. 

jV^^ kappade, ^^'. Dirty. -t?oowo, 

=5'^o^ kappariji, s. A portion of 
a large earthen pot, potsherd. 
—^^4) a fiat kind of cake, or 
_t5js&3^ a kind of bread, baked 
in such a potsherd. 
J^'^^if kappar^, adz'. On the face. 
— 20j5-do^ to fall on the face. 
=3'^D*2^ogOjjkappar^suttu, s. Gal- 
vanised iron, zinc. 
=3^^^do^^ kapparant^, s. A fabu- 
^ lous beast. 2ya glutton. 3. a 
rake, debauchee. 
^^do^ kapparante, ^. A tad- 
n/=5^5j,o^ kappal^, ^. A ship. -^fjaeO 
a game cock. — ^e^j^b a kind 
of cumin seed, Nigella sativa. 
— SJero^4^, — iOTJo^ to go on 
board a ship. 
iJ 'S'^ kappu, s. Blackness, dark- 
ness. adj. Black, dark. — -^jae 
s§ a dark ^r dejected face. 
— sjDtl:^ to conjure or divine by 
putting a black application 
on the palm ; cf.^'t. 
=ao5) ijs^^j, ^z^iiS^^^h kapputo- 
laci, kapputolasi, s. A kind 
of mint shrub, 'Holy basil,' 
Ocimuni sanctum. 

V^S'd) ^ kappuni (^^), "0. a. To eat 

-^=5*^ kappe, A frog, -^o?^ large 
eyes. si-Sv— , r;^)_ a green 
frog. —^0^, — "^js^A a disease 
of cattle, dogs, etc, — "do&s a 
=3^^?oo4^ kaprasuttu, see s'^S 

=3^^ kapha, ^. Phlegm. — ^wj^^ 
phlegm to accumulate in the 
throat. —"S^^o) to expectorate. 

=^w^2;^ kabi^ca, s. A short jacket. 

y=3'20 kaba, s. The space between 
the fingers; cf. ^s3. _^^ a 
bifurcated branch. 

=3^200^5 kabandha, s. A headless 
trunk. 2. water. 

=^EOc^ kabandhe, ^. The name 
of a giant. 2. a short-necked 
man. 3. the moon's ascend- 
ing node. 

=3^20=^^ kabakei, see under ^so. 

J^xM kabata, see ^^a. v'^soa a 
dissembling woman. 
=3'3v:c5^C3e)D^ kabadyidar^, tntj. Be 
careful! ?r8o5c3D&^ care, cau- 
tion; control. 
^Eos^ kabat^, ^. Drill, military 

>/=3^E0D« kabari^, j^.^A forked or 

lateral branch. '-''2. a forked 

stick. 3. a report. 4. news. 

^adj. Forked. _ aDoScrooSj a 

heedless t'r negligent man. 

-^=a2oO kabari, ^. Tufted hair of 

=^3^3 kaba 


^d kara 

=3^2J«)e3^ kabaty, see ^sroO. 

^2:)do^ kabiduni (^sSS), ^. ^. To 
strain, as the gruel of boil- 
ed rice. 
y^2:)0JJ0^ kabiyuni (^83), ^. a. To 
besiege, surround, overwhelm. 
2. to overspread, as clouds; 
also 'S'i^^:^^. 

'^t^^T^ui)'^, "^tj^t kabir^dase, 
kabire, s. A celebrated Hindu 
saint, once a Mussulman. 

=3^2000^, =5^20J5o*, =3^2005© kabul^, 
kabul^, kabuli, s. Agreement, 

=3*200 d kabule, adj. Tawny, of a 
yellowish dark colour. ~^t^ 
to get ripe, as the gingely oil- 
seed, s. A tawny coloured 
^ ^e3 kabe, s. A forked stick, adj. 
Cloven, forked. -^^ the cleft 
between the thumb and the 
forefinger. — ^js?£;o a post 
forked at the top. — ^cg a 
kind of fork-shaped grass. 

=3*233^ kabett^, adj. Tawny, of 
a yellowish colour. 

=3'23s|^kabetti, J. A tawny colour- 
ed cow. 

=^20 kabca, see =3r^£i. 

V=^2i, =5iJo kabbe, kabya, adv. 

Topsyturvy, upside-down. 

— D^rli?) to overturn. — 20ja:ij^) 

to capsize, upset. 
^s^jQ^ kamala, s. The lotus, 

Nymphea nelumba. 
's^^?;* kamasT^, ^^^^ X;:l>oi. 

=5'dj?^;3j^6 kamastare, ^. A sea- 
custom superintendent. 

=a5jJSc^^, ^d3«)?^j kamany, kama- 
nu, s. An arch, vault. 

=^sij^OoO kamayi, ^. Gain, income. 

^Ooli kamiti, s. A committee, 

=3^^. kamma, see ^odo. 
-1=50j, kammi, see^oSi:>, ^xi^o. 

^=5^0,?^, =3*^00 ?^ kammena, kamyana, 
s. Smell, odour, scent, fra- 
grance, savour. 
-i^oJo kaya, s. Depth, as of water 
elc. 2. swamp, adj. Deep : 
also ^odoAoca. 

=3*oJj kaya, see ^odo. 

=^oJo^ kayappa, adr. Entirely, 
wholly, all over. 2. well. 
—zi^^ to plough well. — ^-esio^ 
to anoint (^r besmear the whole 
body. — -^jstS^^ to mix. 

=aoJj^ kayame, 3-. A kind of 
rice; c/. e)&. 

^oj.o^ kayali^, ^^t- ssodo^. 

=3^oajQg) kayipu, ^^^ ^5^254- 
7=3^05: c3 kayipe, see ^^^. 

=3*05:0^ kayil^, see ^^^. 

=3*0^^53 kayile, ^^^ ^osjd 
-i=CT3 kara, J. An earthen vessel. 
30o^cJ_ the stomach. —^^^ 
cooking utensils. J 

=3^ kara, s. Pollution from death. * 

=5=^ kara, s. The hand. 2. the 
trunk of an elephant. 3. a 
spark, ray of light, as a^- 
the sun. 

=^d kara 


=CTd kara 

^doeio^ karantuni, see ^'cyor^. 
I 's'dorl, ^s^dodo^ karande, karande- 

llji, see s'oclr. 
/=^do53 karampe, ^. A wound. 2. 

=^dos3o^ karampeli^, ^^'. Perfo- 
rated, bored ; having notches. 
■( s. The scar of a wound. 

=5^ do 200 karambu, see ^czoor. 

=5 do 200^ karambuni (^^o^^), ^r. a. 
To prune, cut off, as super- 
fluous branches of a tree; to 
clear away, as bush, ek.\ cf. 


g^do25^^ karambeli;, s. A kind 
pi of coppice. 
=^d=CT karaka, see ^^f. 

^^t'^t karakara, s. The noise 
made in chewing, sawing, or 
'5d=5'D, =ad^6 karakari, karakare, 
s. Annoyance, trouble. 2. 
grief, sorrow, distress. 
'^tj\K^ karagasij, see Xz^r^. 

s/=^dn^^2^ kara^avuni, c. v. {of 
^T^Xo^) To melt, liquefy. 2. 
to affect the mind, make a 
person's heart melt. 3. to 
afflict, cause sorrow. 

' ^tT\:>'^ karaguni, v. n. To melt, 
dissolve, liquefy. 2. to be- 
come thin or lean; to waste. 
3. to become affected, soften- 
ed ; to relent, melt with pity ; 
also ^dKS^'seE:^. 
^s^dto^DOSo karajikayi, s. A kind 
of fruit-shaped cake. 

j=CTd^ karadu, s. Wastage, loss, 
wear. adj. Rough, coarse ; 
worn out. — 3>) X^ waste paper. 
^^3j,^ a rough copy. ~-^h^ 
to be worn out. — tSo^j^c^ to 
waste, spoil. 

>y=^d^ karadi, s. A bear, -^ooso 
sso3o a hairy man. 
=3^d^7^ karadige, ^. A small box, 

^=^dc^j karadu, see ^d5. 
=^dra karana, s. An organ of 
sense. 2. cause, instrument 
or means' of action. — ©)Cx:5o the 
three means of action, name- 
ly, ^j?2.^o^^^cdo the mindj 
speech and body. 
=3^dr?^, ^drJ^^ karanike, kara- 
nike, see ^rfrt?. 

/=3^do3^, karatala, ^/Cadjan. 2. 
a mode of beating time with 
the hands ; also ^/^^, ^^^^. 
-§oe3 cadjan leaf. 

v/=ad^^ karapuni, ^'. ^. To repulse, 
drive. 2. to urge. 3. to clear, 
remove. -/4. to digest. 5. to 
waste. 6. to cause abortion; 

cf. =aTi7v)4'o^- 

=3^d^ karape, s. A notch or in- 

^d^e;j karapelu, ^. A trouble- 
some or mischievous woman. 

=ads3s3 karapele, s. A trouble- 
some or mischievous man. 

=3^d20?^ karabasi^, see ^s:^r^. 

=CTdoJo karaya, see =0^050^0. 
^"^ti) karale, s. A swelling. 
^.^d^ karavi, ^. A mould. 



^0 kari 

^"^d^^ karavuni (=5"^), v. n. ^To 

be dissolved, melted. > 

be digested. 3. to miscarry. 

"^^dd karave, s. Phlegm. -=^jse^ 

pulmonary phthisis. 
^'^ds?^ karal^, see ^^r. 
^d^ karale, see. =^^^^3. 
=5*05)^ karadi, s. A class of Mah- 

ratta Brahmins. 
=^Dc)r?'^ karanike, see ^rfrt?. 
=^D■^^3^ karabiji, «^'. Filthy, dirty, 

unclean, bad. 
=g^Dc)dos*, ^D"5)SJ0vl, karamatij, 
karamati, ^. A miracle, won- 
der. 2. the power of doing 
wonders, etc. 
•s/=S^Dc)OJj karaya, s. Phlegm. 

=g^DDD*, ^D"5)do karar^, kararu, ^. 
An agreement, contract. — ^o 
s;<oi^oi to make a contract. 

=^D"3^^ karavali, s. The sea- 
coast, coastline. 

=^De)Sj)c^ karavuni, ^^6 =5^"d4^. 

=^DD^ karalu, adj. Frightful, 
terrible. — -^jse?? a frightful 
-^'S'D kari, s. Chimney soot. 2. 
charcoal, or any thing burnt, 
as the fibrous covering of a 
cocoanut, straw etc. adj. see 

=^0 kari, s. An elephant. 
v/^D kari, j. A bar with which a 
door etc. is fastened. 2. a 
pole fastened to a load, by 
which it is carried on the 

=3^0 kari, s. Castration. — srotSo^ 
to castrate. 

=5*0 0^^ karinki;i, s. Sediment. 

=aOo2;^j^) karincuni, see "^odor^. 

=3'De;o^Dri karijirige, s. Black 
cummin seed, Nigella sativa. 

=S^D^Skarinelli, s. Country goose- 
h^=aD^^ karipuni (^5), ^'. a. To 
deduct, subtract. 2. to spend. 
3. to remove. 
■^^Ds3, =aDs5o^ karipe, karipel^, s. 
That which is deducted; 

=3^0"^:)^ 13 karibiti, s. The real 

=5D^3e53, =^SOJoE3e^ karibevu, 
kariyabevu, s. Bergera koe- 
nigii^ called the curry-leaf 
tree, the leaves of which are 
used for seasoning. 
V^^OsJod karimara, ^. Blackwood. 
J'^OoSj kariya, adj. Black. 

'^OOJj kariya, s. A ferry. 

=5^&o;JjiJ?)^ea kariyatolaci, see'^^ 

=3^DaJod:) kariyadu, s. A black 

=^0Cujc3 kariyade, ^. A black man. 
=^Ool)?5-^ kariyanekki, s. The 

three leaved chaste tree, Vttex 

trifolia. 2. the plant Genda- 

russa vulgaris. 
'aOOJodor? kariyamani, s. Black 

'^Dojosjojdo^ kariyamudyala, ^. 

An aromatic plant, Andro- 

^t) kari 


^a'^F karka 

pogon Jwaranctisa, with 
fragrant roots. 
^^OoJoo^ kariyuni {^^), v. :?2/To 
elapse, expire, pass as time. 
aux. V. To be able, or pos- 
sible. ^Oo;joo:i ;^oaB an un- 
avoidable business. "S^SS ^^h 
^ to die ; to drop down ; to be 
over. o3oo^ ^e"s^o:5 ^borfocS I 
must go by all means. 

=g^a^a karidi, s. Price, value. 
—•d3s;^o^^ to settle the price; 
to purchase. 
-'■^do karu, ^.-K^ulture. 2. seeh^dc^. 

=CTdooeoj^ karumbuui, see ^-dXc)?). 

=3*dj=aOo2oos^ karukumbuda, ^^^ ^ 

^^'6:i^^T5^ karukuru, ^. The noise 
made in chewing any brittle 

=^doriJS^oe3okarugoiitu, ^. Boiled 
and dried areca-nut. 

"^dora karuna, ^. Mercy, pity, 
kindness. — -rfo^j^^ to show 

=^do^ karupu, see ^^r. 

=5^dJ2Jj^ karubuni, see ^T^Xo^i. 

=3*^0^0 karulu, ^^^ ^^?^- 

=3^8 kare, ^^^ s^t?. 
^=^6 kare, ^. The seashore, coast- 
line. 2. the bank of a river. 

3. land, as opposed to water. 

4. border, edge. 5. the co- 
loured border of a cloth. 
—yrd^ land-wind. — ;roa by 
land. — 3jrfo ^, _4Qodj^ to 
touch or reach the land; see 


_30j3"do^. — SjtSo^ to sail'near 
the shore. — ^Uo^^i tolfasten'a 
selvage; the horizon to be- 
come cloudy. ~tj^2J^ to sail 
towards the land, -eojst^o^ to 
escape to the shore ; to escape 
from danger; to recover from 

s/=a6 kare, s. The pole to which 
a bucket is attached in a 
country water-lift. 

J =^6 kare, s. A parish, a social 
or caste jurisdictional divi- 

karempe, see ^tjo^. 

=a6^^ karepini see ^T5odoo^. 
-4=s^dog)^ karepuni (^"^j, -t^. a^. To 
make a notch ^r incision. 

=a6doa karemedi, s. The sides 
of a border in a rice-field. 
y^^dojoo^, =5*6^^ kareyuni, kare- 
vuni (^^), ^'. 72. To crow. 

^ds3^ karel^, ^. The mark left 
on the skin by wearing any 
thing tightly. 

^6^0^ kareluni (^^^), -v.a. To 
leave a mark on the skin, as 
by dressing tightly etc. 

=^6js^o karolu, see 5d-5js<5;<o. 

=g^dJ5«^j karolu, fl. of ^^. 
J^^^r kark^, ^. A very tender 
cocoanut. 2. its tender shell. 

^CT^^Togs? karki^puli, ^. Garcina 

=a^r karka, ^^'^'. At once; sud- 
denly. 2. sharply, violently. 
_^2io^^ to bite sharply -20o^ 
^^ to grow ^r ripen fast. 

^=5^r karka 


^t^T kartr^ 

'S'^fU karkata, s. A crab. 2. the 
Cancer in the zodiac, ^^r&i 
a female crab. 

'^=s^r^doj^o, karkademullu, s. A 
kind of thorn. 

=a=ar^53 karkattale, see s^Xrj^d 

=c*=3'r6 karkare, see s^n^^b. 

=G=cr2;, =a=ar;^ karkasa, karkasa, 
adj. Violent, harsh, unkind. 
2. cruel, hard. 3. intangi- 
ble. 4. miserly. —^?^ cruelty; 
hardness; unkindness; in- 
tangibility ; avarice, niggard- 
liness. '^^F^ a violent or 
wicked woman, ^^r^ a vio- 
lent or wicked man. 

^=5c)r^=a karkataka, see ^s'rw. 

^=3^orc2JO^ karkumbuda, s. A 
pumpkin. 2. an ash-gourd. 

^f\Fozi^^6, "^r^Ft^^ karganda- 
kattale, karkattale, see ^Xr^d 

=criro5o kargayi, see aafo^o. 
-'^g^n-^rsj^ kargavuni, ^^^ =^'^ad4o). 

/^Af, =ar(ora kargi, karg-udi, ^. 

A very black woman. 
sJ'oTioFd kargude, s. A very black 

J ^?^JS^r^ kargota, s. Hardness. 
2. hard-hearted ness. adj. 
Hard, hard-hearted. 
^f^JS^rliri kargotige, s. A hard- 
hearted man. 
'u^F karci, s. Expenditure, 
expenses. ^^^- household 
expenses. ^-s^Xofj, _33^j^^, 
— 20js"dor^ to cost. — oii^Jv^ to 

«i=^e§ro^ karcily, see ^g^-^- 

=^23^rvB karjati, s. A black spe- 
cies. 2. the class of pariahs. 

=aZ3^r0 karjali, ^. The tree Leu- 
cas indtca^ Phlomis tndica. 

=az;is£rd karjura, see a^t^. 

^zs^r, =5^do^ kard^, kardu, ^^^ 

=3^r3r karna, ^^^ ^?^f^- 

=^r^r=5^0£g karnakutta, ^«y. Head- 
long, topsy-turvy, s. A sum- 
-^^co-3r^=CT karnataka, see ^o'^ri. 

=^D3e)Fe3z^\ karnatige, ^^<^ ^c^dzf. 

=^r?r=^ karnlke, ^y. The sheraste- 
dar, chief ministerial officer 
of a collector. 2. a secretary. 

=3^clr karne, s. A half-brother of 
the Pandu princes. 2. a hard 
man. -^^^ the story of 
Kama's exploits as given in 
the Mahabharata. 

^s^rsjio^^ kart^pattuni (^§f 
t,E ), v. a. To set-off. 2. to 
deduct. 3. to exclude. 4. to 
give up hope. 

=^sr04o3j3^ri kartariprayoga, s. 
Active voice, gram. 

=3^^rd kartave, s. An agent, 
maker. 2. God, lord. 3. a 
master, owner. 4. an author; 

of. ^^^F. 

^^■hFtif\ "it^F^fs, kartadige, 
kartuttige, s. Ownership, pro- 
prietorship. 2. dominion, 

^tsV kartr^, s. The nominative 
of a verb, gram. 2. sec »^f^. 

=^ij^r karto 


"av kala 

^IjSraT^ kartodige, see "^^f^-R. 

J=uz:fF kardi^, adj. Black. — eSjaejj 

black and white. 2. see ^S . 


=u^F karna, ^. The ear. —"^oozio) 
an ear-ring worn by a woman. 

^^r karna, s, A black paste 
composed of dross of iron, 
kernel of wild liquorice and 
boiled rice, applied on the 
right side leather of a finger- 

=CT^rsJsdr karnaparva, see ^s'^r. 

=^^DF^ karnalu, see 7\^f6. 

=3'^^=^kariiike, ^tJi; =5^rfrt?. 

=^^f6v^ karnirelijL, s. A dark 

J =5^^r karpu, s. A pit, hole, ditch. 
2. a pit for catching wild 
=3^^rd, ^s^rd karpura, karpura, 
s. Camphor. 2. the thick 
leaved lavender. — sojs-dj Lev- 
endula carnosa. "d?::— crude 
=^s2ra% =as5F^o karpel]j, karpelu, 
see ^TJ^e^o. 

^^20F karba, ^. Iron. —^ XreoJ 
an iron link. 
'=6i^FK\^^j:i^FTf karbas^, karba- 
s^, s. An ox of superior breed 
from the up-country. —^^ 
a ghaut cow. 

/^zojrd, =ae3jS)r|^ karbule, kar- 
bolle, s. A fowl having white 
plumage with black spots. 

'^sl)F karma, s. An action in 
general. 2. a religious cere- 
mony. 3. the objective case, 

gram. 4. fate; misfortune. 
5. sin, transgression. — aS 
the condition induced by one's 
deeds. ^^rr?^o3js?A the pas- 
sive voice, gram, ^d^e^ 
transgression. ~y^ the fruit 
of human actions. =5^^ro^, 
=^^je)Fosfd funeral rites. "S^^^rar 
^^■5 a performer of funeral 
rites. ^<sor^ ^s'^ft^ a sinner. 
^^oerc^cdo the organ of ac- 
tion, as the hand, foot, etc. 

=^s3orrl karmane, see ?ra5^?6 
U7ider ^^. 

^■^F-6 karmara, see ^a^^. 
s/=^dorD^ karmaru, s. A superior 
kind of firewood, Vatica lacct- 

=^^oorrie/ karmugaliji, see ?ra5 
^ooA^ under ^&- 

T^s^jorc^ karmuda, ^^6- =5^^ofc20o:^. 

^dJorO karmuli, ^\ Thatched 
grass taken from a roof. 

=^odjr karya, s. A ferry. 

s. The liver, as of a fowl. 

=ao;iooF^ karyuni, see ^bocioo^. 

-i=S'o^F karl^, s. The bowels. 
2. the liver. 

'^^'C^F^tj'^ karl^kappade, s. The 

intestines, entrails. 

=CT^F karle, ^6^^ ^i^«3. 

J'^ZZDFZ^^ karvavuni (=5^s3df), -t/.^. 

To burn the downs of a fowl 

by holding it over the fire. 

J=uZ) kala, s. A square. 2. a bed 

^o kala 


■6 kale 

of flowers, elc. 3. a place 

where pariahs assemble. -^ 

^^^ to make a flowerbed; a 

group of pariahs to sit in a 

^^;o kalam, ^. A reed-pen. 2. 

a paragraph. -sroS detailed, 

item by item. 
^=3^^o=s*, =3^e;o^o^ kalank^, kalan- 

kuni, see ^^o^. 
=ae;o3-i)^, =ae;oc3-Sc^ kalamtani, 

kalamdani, 5-. An inkstand. 2. 

a small box. 
^^0"^ kalambi, see ^eSosS. 
J=5'^o^J0Qi kalambuni, z'. n. To 

quarrel, fight. 
=CTe;^ kalaka, ^^^ ^^^• 

^e;=s^o2ooe; kalakambula, .y. A 

drenched miry floor. 
J'u^'^^ kalakala, s. A confused 

noise, hum. 
j ^^=ao kalakala, adv. Brightly. 

— ^czio^ to shine brightly. 
\/Tioui)Z^^ kaladavuni, c. v. (of^^ 

rio^) To mix. 2. to knead. 
J^t>zid'^ kaladuni (^^^), v.n. To 

be mixed. 2. to be kneaded. 
J'uv^p kalapuni (^e^), ^. ^. To 

mingle. 2. to knead. ^otL- 

to plough a watered field. 
J "^^^ kalappu, adj. Mixed. 2. 

-^=3^^250=^ kalaberake, .y. Admix- 
ture, compound. 
J 'd(DZj:f kalami^, s. Grafting -■si^ 

^ii^ to graft. 
'uv^:f, =g^Q->doo kalamv, kalamu, 

see '^^o. 

=as;dj kalame, s. A kind of rice. 
^e;o5o kalayi, see t5^oi>03o. 
=a^^ kalavu, see ^^4- 

^^5^, =3*Oa) kalasa, kalasa, s. A 
pitcher, 2. a vase, goblet. 3. 
aspire, —^v:)^^ purification by 
pouring water, -'^^h^ to set 
up a spire. 

=5*^;^ kalase, s. A grain measure 
equal to ten, twelve, four- 
teen, fifteen, or sixteen seers. 

=CT^3okalalia, ^. Quarrel, dispute. 

'uO-s^ kalapa, s. A family trial, 
distress, or dispute. 2. an 
ornament, zone. — ^o^o^^ to 
quarrel; to make confusion. 

=5^575)050 kalayi, s. Tinning. -adt5 
a person who tins vessels, tin- 
ker. — =#js^r^, —sj^iI:^ to tin. 

T?Oc)Sj kalavu, see ^^4- 

'^ODh kalasi, s. A sailor, lascar. 

=^a^rj^ kalas^, s. Conclusion, 
end. 2. consumption, exhaus- 
tion. —Zfh^ to be finished, 
or consumed. — -rfos^^j^S) to 
complete; to empty. 

"^^j^k kalasi, see s'g;sS. 
J^e'O kali, ^. Toddy; liquor. 

=^0, xS'Oodoori kali, kaliyuga, s. 

The fourth or iron age of the 

world; the age of vice. 
=^0=^ kalike, s. Dissimulation, 

-Ig'd kale, .J. A scar. 2. a mark. 

blemish, stain. 
=3*^0?!^, =s*dor\kalengiji,kalengi,J. 

Rust, verdigris 

=^6 kale 


^djs,^ kalpo 

^^601^ kalembi, s. A chest, cof- 
fer. ~^id^^ —cro^, see ^eJoc^c'^i. 

=^^02^) kalembi, i". The hindmost 
sail of a boat. 

=CT53=ac)dc9 kalekarana, ^. A bad 

^s3=s=^^r=^kalekarnika, see ^r^r??. 

'■^^6h^, =s^d^^ kalepini, kalepuni 

(g'eS), z'. ^./To strip off, remove. 

^"^2. to subtract, deduct. 

^d^c^ kalevuni peS), v. n.^To 

be stripped.'^, to be deducted. 

y ^tx kalka, ^.^Decoction, infusion 

of any drug. 2. sediment. 

=3*^6 kalkare, i". x\ place abound- 

mg m latrite stone. 
=CT0) kalki, i-. The tenth or last 
incarnation of Vishnu, ex- 
pected to put an end to the 
kali or iron age; also — ©^ 

"a^j,^, ^g'^Oycl kalkutti, kalkude, 
^\ The name of a demon. 
^"G^x^ kalkuni (^^^j), '^. n. To 
cry, as a demon or one pos- 
sessed with an evil spirit. 
=5^53, kalke, see ^e5^. 
/^dJS. d kalkore, s. A kind of fish. 


^£) ^:>zS^o^ kalgi rumalyi, ^. A 
yellow handkerchief with 
black spots. 

=aa;^sJod kaltamara, s. A wild 
kind of lotus growing on stony 

=S^^ kalte, s. Morning, the day- 
break; c/.WQo-d. —dj^cxjon morn- 
ing and evening. 

=^s^ \^^ kalteia^u, adv. {lit. for the 
mouth of toddy). Something 
given as a relish when sip- 
ping toddy. 

^a^jCJ^ kalnari^, s. A medicinal 

=CT^kalpa, s. A period of time. 
2. a sacrerd work, one of the 
six Vedangas. 3. resolve, 
purpose. 4. artifice, trickery, 

=aej|^o?i kalpande, see s'fy^sS. 

=3^^3^kalpada, ^. A fluid measure 
equal to twelve seers. 

=3^sjkcl kalpane, s. A stone quarry. 

=^^.^ kalpane, ^. Fiction, fable. 
2. invention, fabrication. 3. 
producing, forming. —-6:^^:^^^ 
to invent, fabricate, contrive ; 
to produce, form; to esta- 

=^^do=^, =s^ej\dx=a kalparuksha, 
kalpavriiksha, s. The tree of 
Indra's paradise said to yield 
whatever is desired. 

^a|^o^, kalpanta, s. The end of 
the world. 

=2ra^o^d kalpantara, s. Another 
period of time, eternity. 
n/^s^s^i^sSc^ kalpavuni, c i). {of ^ 
<^o^oi) To teach, instruct. 2. to 
instigate; also ^e^^^S^jsEir^. 

^©^?;jjc^ kalpisuni (^«^oJ), v. a. 
To invent, fabricate. 
J'x^^^p kalpuni (^^), v. a. To 
learn, study. 

=5^5303 ^^ kalpokta, adv. Accord- 
ing to religious directions. 

^<o, kalma 


v£) kalli 

=3^?;,^ kalmadi, s. A kind of fish. 


=^e;,dkalmada, ^. Bitumen, gran- 
ulated gypsum from Arabia. 

■•5^^),^ kalmasha, s. Corrosion. 
2. impurity. 3. sin. 4. the 
matter of a sore. 

iS^^Q kalya, see ^bodo. 

=3'e)co^ kalyante, ^^^ ^<2^o&3. 

"S^oiSoC^ kalyana, s. Happiness, 
prosperity, good fortune. 2. 

"ctO^o rJ kalyani, s. The name of a 
tune. 2. the name of a female. 

^^o,e3, kalrutti, .9,?^ ^e^o-doil 
J =3^^;* kalli^, s. A stone. — ^ ca^^ a 
chisel. — 3^5^020, —3 ^o^ a stone 
pillar. -^y^?s, _rf ^^ a stone 
embankment or seat. — ^Wo. 
c3^d3j a mason. — sjssgi a stone 
put across a stream to pass 
over. — ^ 3jejD03j a slate. —Tio"^ 
a stone bridge. ~^^ a Jaina 
shrine. — sSdo a kind of bow 
for discharging stones. — ^o 
"cJoso a stone trough, —"^zix^ 
to break stones. — ^^ ^) to 
chip stones. — ^^js^ag)^ a stone 
to grow hard. —^, 3^e^ stony, 
made of stones, 's's^w play- 
ing with stones. 

Tg^o^J^ kall^tetti, .?. A rotten 

=3^^* eo^ri kallijLbagre, s. A kind of 
tree, the wood of which is 
used as timber. 

"ai^^zzi.d kallubire, s. A kind of 
plantain tree. 

^s'cJ^doo^o, kall^mull^, s. {lit. 
stones and thorns). The mill- 
cog. 2. the indented surface 
of a mill-stone. 3. a rugged 

^2;^;^=CT)d kallusakkare, ^. Sugar- 

=5^0^ ?oJ?)ol3 kall^siinti, s. Wild 
ginger, Zingiber zerumbet. 

=d^ kalla, ^. A kind of oyster. 

—too its shell ; cf, "^6 . 
' y CO 

'avo'uO kallankalli, s. A kind 

of bag. 
=3^e;ofi)^ kallangei, s. A kind of 

small fish. 
^oo^, =CTS>>^ kallante, kallate, s. 

The Indian nightshade, Sola- 

num Indicum. 
"^^i^t^ kallabiru, see under 


^€ . 
=3*^050 kallayi, ^^^ ^2,°^i>- 
^e^dr( kallaraga, .y. Asphalt. 


=3^^j3jrd kallarpada, ^. Small-pox 
attacking a person a second 

^^^r kallarpe, s. A kind of 


sieve to remove small stones 
from earth. 
^a-3^ kallale, s. A class of 
pariahs. 2. their headman. 
i^s'C) kalli, ^."^A bag of net-work, 

CO J . 1 

made of ropes. 2. a wicker- 
work. 3. the pods of cannabis. 
4. see '^\' 

^^\ kallitti, see ^^3 . 

=^0 6j?)V^o kallirolu, s. A hard 
grown palmyra fruit. 

^'oo kallu 


^7:j^ kasu 

=5^0 oj) kalluppu, s. Kock-salt, 

CO o-^ 

the Bombay salt. 

=i^^o do kalluru, ^. A kind of fish. 

^^odo^'^ kalluruna, adj. Imma- 
ture, half-ripe or half deve- 

=5'^o doei kalluruti, s. The name 
of a female Bhuta. 

=^^odj^ kalluruni (^^^^), '^. 'Z^- 
A stone to press or hurt the 
sole of the foot in walking. 

^s3 kalle, s. The straw covering 
of a bundle of rice; also 

=5^53 vl kalletti, s. A bag with 

divisions within. 
"^dJ^^o kallottu, s. A foot-sore 

caused by a stone. 
=^dJ5 ^^ kallola, ^. A large wave 

or billow. 
'az^'d, =^^2i kavaca, kavace, s. 

Armour, a coat of mail. 2. a 

jacket, short coat. 
^sj^ kavate, see ^^^s. 

x/^da, =ad^ri, =3^^^ kavadi, kava- 
dige, kavade, ^. A small shell, 
cowrie. —s3sq calculation with 
cowries. —>^j3 200^0) to play with 

/^dfl kavane, ^. A sling. -=5^^ 
a sling-stone. 
^z:)^^ kavati^, see ^sroi. 
^zt^ kavana, s. Poetry, verse. 
2. invention, fabrication. —t^S 
a poet. — ^wo^^, ^■rfo^o^^ to 
compose verses ; to caricature, 
—sj^^^o^ to exaggerate, invent. 

=3*d^?H kavalige, see tj'^^^. 
=5^-33^ kavat-^, s. Drill, military 

=aO, =^^^6 kavi, kavisvare, s. 

A poet. 
=3^^!, =^^^ kavite, kavitva, s. 

Poetry, 'a poem, verse. 
>i=^4o^'^» ^d,^?o kavundrasa, 

kavudrasa, ^. A cancer on the 

^^•sojj, =^ss:c)o;^o kasaya, kashaya, 

s. A decoction, extract. — "s^o 

■^^^ to extract, 6*^ prepare a 

=5*^ kasi, s. Graft, grafting. — ^ 

Sr^o^oi to graft. 
"dhhh, =^2!j=5^J2;o, =3^;^Oao?;jj kasi- ■ 

pisi, kasukusu, kasukusu, adv. 

In bated breath, in a whisper. 

— sjDi-do^ to whisper. 
=^^^a, =3^5^::) kasidi,kasibi,^. Em- 
broidery, ornamental needle 

=a2^oSj kasyapa, s. The name of 

deified sage. 
=a^, kashta, s. Trouble, hard- 

ship. 2. labour, toil. — ^se; a 

time of difficulty. ~=^u?)L^^ 

to give trouble, -^ilocijor'i to 

be afflicted, to suffer. —200 

a^^, _■^^o^^^ to work hard, 

take pains. 
=0^1^,0^, kashtishta, s. Enmity 

and friendship; love and 

=s^Ai^=a?^^=^ kasijikas^ka, .y. A sound 

produced when anything is 




=3^^' kala 

^?D^Sc)05o, =^?o^n-3oSo kasi^kayi, 

kasugayi, $ee ^sfe^oso. 
"^T^^TT kas^rijL, see ^?i5. 
J "aii kasa, ddj. Brackish. av)s^c^— 

anything over salted. 
V =s^?o kasa, s. Sweepings, rubbish. 
=3^?^o^* kasanti^, s. Rancidity. 
^ J 2. sediment. I <2^'. Rancid. 
"uT^^-^ kasakase, s. Poppy seed 
of Papaz'er so^nniferum. 
>J =5^^=^ kasakka, adv. Forcibly, 
hardly; deeply. — ts'o^^ to 
prick forcibly, as a thorn. 
—ij£\^ to speak so as to affect 
another's interest, to betray. 
=^?^)^J, =^?;j23 kasaba, kasabe, s. 
The chief station of a district. 
"6^^}^ kasabisi, see a ^83^. 
"^7^1::,:^ kasabu, s. Profession, 

trade, business. 
=a?u^J553^ kasain%, see "^t^^^. 
^ '^T^h^ kasar^, s. Remainder. 2. 

profit. ^3. sediment. 
>^ "^T^xf, =a?^0?^ kasari^, kasarige, s. 
JDross of smelted iron. 2, 
fissure, flaw, holes. 3. a 
particle, —dj3s;^^o?i to remove 
the fissures of any metallic 
i^rT^'^k kasakasi, s. Haggling. 
=CTj;ra"JD^ kasabisi, see "^^h^. 
=^?7S0Jj kasaya, see ^^odo. 

o3j kasSyi, kasayigare, kasayi- 

daye, s. A butcher. 
^s^A} kasi, see ^^. r^Sea. 

=^A}^a, "S^i^jse) kasidi, kasudi, j^<? 

,y. The strings or tiei 
of a jacket. — ^jseoo a whip 
_^wo^^ to fasten the strings 
of a jacket. 
^=3^rj"3)OSo kaskayi, adj. Half ripe. 

T^?o^ kasti^i, s. Force, pressure. 
adj. Violent, severe. 2. dan- 
gerous. — ?ic^y dangerous 
sickness. --^^^^^ to press, 
force; also ^^o . 

=^?dv^D kasturi, ^. Musk. -^ a 
species of jessamine. -s^ooDi 
s;^— Curcuma zedoaria \ cf.^"^ 
^o&f. — ^o^A a musk deer. 
^U— musk-mallow, Hehicus 

=^rj£)^o^ kasmalii, ^^'. Unclean, 
filthy, loose. —"^^ a nasty 

^So^ kahale, ,y. A bugle. ^^^- 
a large bugle. 

=^^ kala, see ^^. 
-^=^^os^kalankiji,^. A spot, blemish. 
^2. turbidness, muddiness. 
3. mistake. 4. suspicion. —^^S 
turbid water, --s^jsco^ a sus- 
picious mind, -'ts'^c^^?) to 
render turbid. ^=5^s;*c^j^ to be 
J^^=^^, =s^^3i^ kalakala, kalapala, 
s. A confused sort of noise 
produced as when wading 
through water, or shaking a 
whole cocoanut. 

^^=^^ kalakala, see ^o^c^. 

^^^^ kalapuni, see ^ej^?). 

,T^^^:i kalame, see ^e;^o. 

=u^ kala 


'5'SoUD kanda 

'' =5^^sj^ kalavala, s. Anxiety, al- 
arm. 2. anguish, sorrow. 
—^h^ to be anxious, agitated, 
or confused. 
/^^^ kalavu, s. Theft, robbery. 
=^'-^^ kalase, see "^^A 
^^ kali, see =^e3. 
v^ojoo^ kaliyuni, see ^bocioo^. 
/^^o kalu, adj. False, untrue, 
not reliable, s. Fraud ; cheat- 
ing. 2. trick. 3. a lie, false- 
hood. — sJD^Ti a falsehood. 
—;d3-§j^ perjury, false evidence- 
_^r^^ to tell lies. 
^^0^ kaluve, see ^^^ 
=5^^ kale, see ^e3. 
v^on^ kalengi^, see ^6oK. 
=d^h^ kalepini, see ^eh^. 
^=CT^oJjj^, ^^^^ kaleyuni, kale- 
vuni (^^j, ^'. ff:^o lapse, pass, 
as time. "'^2. to be exhausted, 
spent, as money. ^3. to be- 
come loose, as the bands of 
a box, eU.'^ cf. ^bodoo^. 
=a^o,^ kalkuni, see ^ao^^. 
>/^^ kalve, s. A thief, robber. 
/=^'^ kalla, ^^WDeceitful, dis- 
honest, unfair. 2. under, sub- 
ordinate; additional. ^."^Dis- 
honesty. 2. stealing ; cf. ^"^o. 
— ^J3e5 the swelling gums in 
teething. — ^<2;^ an addition- 
al piece of split bamboo. 
—■^y?>S an under roof. 
J^ =5*^oe3, T^goei?^ kallanti, kallanti- 
ge, s. Dishonesty. 2. false- 

-^=u§ kalli, s. 'The milk-hedge. 
Euphorbia ; the prickly-pear, 
Opuntia dillenii. 2. the fruc- 
tification of the hemp plant 
or Cannabis sativa. ^^"5— , 
=^ja?S— , ^zf— , ^00^0— are its 
varieties; cf. ^^. 

=^^?^ kallige, ^. A very tender 

^^ kalle, see ^^^. 

^^ kalle, ^. >^A kind of grass. 
2. see ^^. 

=g^-S- kakshi, ^. Objection or reply 
in argument. 2. wrangling, 
arguing. 3. one party as op- 
posed to another ; also ~7\d-5. 
^^— an opposite party. 
J=5e)o^0odoo^ kankariyuni, 'v. n. 
To hawk, force up phlegm 
with a noise; to hem. 
J=sdqt^ kangri;, s. A dark-blue 
cloth worn by lower classes 
of people, or used for bed- 
ding, eU. 

=a^or(j^ kang^uni (^c^), z/. n. 
To be dejected. 2. to become 

"SDoZa"^ kancana, s. Gold. 2. 
money ; also ^sotj^r©, sdcs^dj:^. 

=c?'3ozd kanci, see ^oel. 

^^0^, ^-30^0 kante, kantya, s. 
A large basket. 

'S-z)oZ^ kanda, s. A section, divi- 
sion of a book. 

=5-5)odsJ, "oDoziz^^ kandava, kan- 
da vana, s. Indra's garden. 
^■socs^o^j kandayi, s. A kind of 

ioDo^ kandi 


^sej kata 

^■soa^^ kandil^, s. A kind of 
tree; c/. JTOoa^. 

=uDo'd kande, adz>. Early in the 
morning, s. Morning. 
„ ^^o^oSo kandeyi, see ^sois^oao. 
Ji =5^o(io^ kandeliji, s. A kind of 
tree, growing near salt water. 

^"30^^ kantane, s. A pot. 

■g-sovBkanti, s. Effulgence, splen- 
dour, lustre. 2. beauty, love- 

^"Soi kante, s. A wife. 2. a 
beloved female. 

=5"c)o5JD^ kamparu, s. A carcass. 
2. a nasty man (7'/^.) <^^'. 
Nasty ; filthy. 2. pot-bellied. 

^i;oc:'JS(^£> kambodi, ^. The name 
of a tune. 

'SDo'i kankshe, s. Wish, desire. 
2. passion, appetite. 
J =0^=5^, ^"S^g^o kak^, kaku, adj. 
Bad, corrupt. — ^?^ disso- 
lute, vicious. — #e=?^5 wicked 
-I ^"5)^ kaka, ^^^ ^^^j- 

=ae)^ev^ kakaballi, ^. The creeper 
Negretia gigantea, 
J^D^22 kakaji, ^^^^ ©sX^. 

^■g-S- kaki, ^^'. Black, dark. 

§'s=c7j^ kakula, ^. Rashness. 

=a5)=^?oJSo5^ kakesoppu, J. The me- 
dicinal plant Phylanlhus 
multiflorus\ also "^"^^f^-ht^^ 
J^e)rit3 kagaji, s. Paper. 2. a 
letter. -20t51^ to write or 
address a letter, '^t— stamp- 

^£)r\ kagi, s. A brown colour. 

J ^c)e5^ , ^"5)2^ kaci^, kaci, ^. Catechu , 
Acacia catechu. 2. the sedi- 
ment of boiled areca-nut. 

^D2^^© iacikalli, s. A money 
bag of net-work. 

^^e^=CT0c2cod kacikumbuda, ^. k 
small species of ash-gourd. 

=5='S23 kaji, i". A Mohammedan 
judge or priest. 

=5^e3 kaji, s, A glass bangle worn 
round the wrist; also -20^. 
— ^of^ cat-eyed, blue-eyed. 

^5D2^o kaju, s. A brown-coloured 
dog with black stripes. 
i^-s^"' kati^, ^^■. Wild, rude. 
— ^^fo the wild peepul tree, 
Urostigma arnottianuin. — ^o 
sie; the fruit of the creeper 
Momordica dioica. — ^o a 


rough stone. — ^doso a wild or 
jungle fruit. -=^?f3 a bulbous 
root of Dracontinin polyphyl- 
lum. —T<^%^ a bull-bison. 
— ^o-d a bottle gourd, Lagcna. 
ria 'vulgaris. — ^?4 ^viUl coc- 
co, Colocasia nyuipJucfolia. 
_N^re;o the tree Tunicra 
uhiiifolia. —t.^o7\ wild green- 
gram, PhascoliLS rosfratiis. 
--4-R-3 wild tobacco, Lobelia 
'iiicotliiiiacfoU'i. — 203-5 a wild 
plantain tree. — ■^otj a wild 
tree. — cSotjj. ^^6' ?f3^i 
Ju"5)ykata,^. Trouble, annoyance, 
vexation. 2. danger; ah 

^zli^. ^'3 K e^W .z:>z:^ ssy tlK 

eat's play is the death of mice. 

^■sy kata 


=51)3 kiti 

^s^ei kata, s. A pyre, pile, -a^-s 
■^0^ to prepare a funeral pile. 
^•5)e3ori katanne, s. A fowler's 
idol, consisting of some white- 
washed stones decorated with 
flowers. —f\ :sl>^o^oi to make an 
offering to it. 
^c)8J^oao katakayi, s. Mutiny, 
rebellion. 2. pillage, plunder. 
J^^y€, ^^13^, =ae)e3ri katake, 
katike, katige, s. A trouble- 
some fellow. 
J'uMSf katartl, s. The wild fig- 
tree, Baiihinia tomentosa. 
J ^o^D^^^ katale, s, A rude man. 
4 ^Dli kati, s. A bison. 
^Dei^D^ katir^, s. A kind of tree. 
^^^0^ katuni, see ^Tl)g^. 
y Sc)^ kate ^. A wild untamed 
-^c)^dj kateru, see ^e3. 
>/5e)CS^ kadiji, ^. A jungle, forest. 
adj. Wild, rude; cf. ^sO. 
—3^^ forest and river-bank. 
— ^t5j3^o, ^^T?the plant Todda- 
lia aculeata. — -^el wild fire. 


—^s^ob a jungle sheep. — ^J30=5^r5a 
lower class of people speaking 
the Konkani language. — =^j3?& 
a jungle fowl. -&d^ a wild 
class or tribe. — ^dra^ a 
rustic or rude man. — o)e5 
rain-water rushing through 
a jungle and washing down 
all the rubbish in its course. 
— ^js^o {lit. a jungle-uncle), 
a tiger. — "s^^a a wild beast. 

^T^^oeoo-rf the angular-leaved 

physic-nut, Jatropha curcas. 

J'^ifd kada, (idj. Wild, untamed. 

^a);^"i)=5^^ kadakadi, see ^zss^a. 

r?)C5a)c^ kadane, s, A wild ele- 

=a"3^=as?^ kadikalu, J. A kind of 

=&^^#JSd/i kadikorage, ^. A man 
of the Koragar caste living 
in jungles. 
J=5c5^7^ kadige s. A collyrium of 
lamp-black and oil. — ec^^^rS 
a collyrium box. 

=ae)^c3c)o5o kadinaye, see 'G^^'^Ji>Ti^. 

^e)C^j^ kadulli, ^. The Indian 
squill, Scilla Indica. 
>l=SD'd kade, s. A quail, Tetras 

V'osdop^ kadyuni (^S), ^', ^. To 
trouble, torment, importun- 
ate; ^^^6'^7^^-Ori. 

^«)!^?725j^,,^^ra?j-3^^ kani^sa- 

vuni, kanisavuni (^r5;da), v. a. 

To show, represent, mention. 

=g^r3^0r kanapurli, .y. The bird 


J=5"i)rJ kani, ^. The fraction one- 

s/'^asr^^^, =5"3rs7^kanike,kanige, ^. A 
money offering; a present to 
a superior. -=?f-«^r^, _ q^I:^, 
— sjdiId^ to make an offering. 
=5-c)rl klDe, s. A kind of fish. 
— ^51)5 long-legged. — ^5odcSo 
a long legged man. 
Tf^^ kati, see ^^^, 


=ac)isj3 kato 


^^^j kami 

J?f«)iJ3r30^ katonuni, rcfl. v, (of 

^4^) To wait; to expect. 
J=5e)Cj^y kadata, j. A fight, war, 

J^5)C3Ddj^ kadaduni (^croS), z\ n. 
To fight. 
=^a kadi, see ^aS. 
=ae)a kadi, see ^i^a. 
J'a^doci kaduni (^S), -^r. n. To 
quarrel, fight, wrestle. 
^5)^ kana, ^. A rookery. 

>/ 'SDc^, =5«)c^?^ iJ.ana, kanana, ^. A 
forest, jungle, wood. 
^s^^^Or kanapurli, see 3=dp® 

^"^^' [lation. 

^^^J3cS^ kanunu, s. Arule, regu- 

^e)^ kane, see ^j3, ^od^. 

>/^^S3e)e3 kapata, s. The act of 

watching; guard. 
J=5e)55"e)C^o^ kapaduni (?5X)3:^S), z;. <3;. 
To protect, preserve. 
^^^ kapi, ^. Coffee. 

J =54)^ kapu, ^. Protecting 2. watch- 
ing, tending. 3. brooding; 
hatching. 4. a scarecrow. 
_?^ ^o^j^^ to brood; to hatch. 
—ti%h^ to set up some thing in 
a field or garden, to avert 
the effects of evil eyes; to set 
up a scarecrow. 

J ^e)^^ kapuni (?R>), v, a. To 
watch, guard. 2. to keep, 
preserve, protect. 3. to wait. 

J ^e)33s3 kapele, s. A watchman. 

J'S^Q^ kappu, sec 's^^, 
^^•sdj kama, s. Desire, wish. 
2. lust, passion. 

J'5c)djorraoSj kamangayi, s. A 
wild species of green gram, 
Phaseolus rostratus. 

^«)s^=5^, ^«)Sj.=5d kamaka, kama- 
ka, adv. Positively certainly. ^ 

=5=«)^^^j^0kamakasturi,5. Sweet- 
Basil, Ociuium Basilicu7n. 

^rssJjnaJO, kamagari, s. Work ; 
also 3=3^j5dD, 5s^?^. 

=5^s:^os^# ^^ 6, kamacakresvare, see 

^«)SJjd kamade, i". A liberal man. 

^S'^sjo^^^o kamadhenu, s. The 
cow of Indra's paradise, said 
to give whatever is wished. 

=5^dos5^^ kamapale, s. A name 
of Balarama, the elder broth- 
er of Krishna. 

^^sJoO kamali, see ^^oe5. 

=5"sdoD^Dd kamavikara, s. Lust, 
inordinate affection. 

=SD^j5)^kamate, ^. A man of the 
mercantile class. 2. a nig- 
gardly or cunning man. 

^D^jsiod kamatura, s. Lust, 
inordinate affection, adj. Libi- 

'S^slraD kamari, s. Siva the 
enemy of Cupid. 

=ffc)dJ5)q5r kamartha, ^^^ TjD^ragqir. 

^c)ds:«)^ kamakshi, j. A goddess. 

=5c)^j kami, .y. A debauchee. 

^^OoSaiqir kamitartha, ^. The 

object of desire. 
^e)0o^ kamini, s. A pretty 

Tffe)^oC> kamili, ^^^ to^oO. 




§do3j kaye 

t5"5)^o?;jo^ kamisuni (^-^oj), v. a. 
To covet ; to wish. 

'os^jo^a kamuka, adj. Lustful, 
libidinous. w^tSoo'S a libidi- 
nous man. 

=ac)^j kame, s. Cupid. 
' ^"SsSo© kameli, s. A kind of 
jaundice, ov^rfo— a dropsical 
kind of jaundice. ^^— a sali- 
vary kind of jaundice. &^"do 
^— jaundice with scab. 

=5tt)^0'. kamya, adj. Desirable, 

=a'c)^J5oq^5^ kamyartha, s. The 
object of desire. 

=^oJo kaya, ^. The body. -^4^ 
bodily exertion. — Xoca the 
heart. —^^ stoutness. -^4^ 
^i to commit suiside. -eooa^ 
^ to lay down the body, to 

^2)odjo, ^DOuo^>3^ kayam, kayamu, 
s. Permanency, settled state. 
adj'. Fixed, confirmed, per- 
manent. — ^ej?j permanent 
employment, --si^^o^^ to con- 
firm, settle, establish. 

^iDOJj^'o kayame, see ^ocio^. 

=a"90JOD^ ta-yar^, see ^o3o5. 
/=g^oJo^% =aD0J09^, kayalij, kaya- 
lu, s. A folded tender leaf of 
plants or trees. ^. season- 
ing. — <^"5 a tender leaf; c/. 

^^o^od kayale, ^^^ ^oaod. 
^=a^o;JG^^^ kaj^avuni, c.z'. (o/ ^^ 
ajoo^) To have anything warm- 
ed, burned, boiled. 

v^DOSo kayi, s. An unripe fruit 
of any kind. 2. a cocoanut. 
3. the seed. -S5^?j, ^=?^zl>80o a 
kind of cake. — ^s^czf vegeta- 
bles and roots; pulse. — ^sBs^i 
vegetables in general. — 4'^e'^^ 
a kind of cake, —^"dh^^ —^ 
z§ocioor'i to chew the cud. — ^? 
t^ to over-boil; to get loose. 
=5-5)0^0 d, ^-so^jd kayida, kayide, ^. 
Rule, regulation. 2. custom. 

V^'SoSo^^ kayipuni, c. v. {of ^ 
o^oo^) To make hot, warm, as 
water. 2. to fry, broil. 
=5e)050o5^ kayipuni, i"^^ ^^sd)^- 

v/=gtt)05os3 kayile, j. Sickness. 
=5^0^^a kayilita, adj. Infertile. 

v^ojoo^ kayuni (^fsoso), 7;. t^.^To 

^ burn, to be hot. 2/ to get 
ripe. 3. "to be feverish. 4. 
to^ become angry. 5. to be 
tight, or fast; see s^^ososq^. 
AoO— a knot to be tight or 
fast. ^j3C20o_ the sun to be 
very hot. oi?5^— water to boil. 
's;^o'&— to be very hungry. "^ 
oso— to be feverish or hot. t5j3 
^,— bread to bake. 

«i^"5)o3oD^ kayer^, ^. Strychnia, 
JSiUX iio7mca. also ^^oaj. 
— ^-d the nux vomica tree. 
— rf 80ou^?i7^ Loranthiis lonice- 
^"SoSoD^^^ kayer^puli, ^. A kind 
of sour-leafed tree. 

J^a)o3jo^ kayel^, s. The state of 
being green or unripe. y2. 
seasoning, -eyb^ to become 

'o'SoSjs^ kayo 


=aDt kara 

green or fresh . —^jsI^f?) to 
=5e)o3JS)^cl kayode, s. A kind of 

J^d:^ karij, s. The leg. 2. the 
foot. -^ ^c^D knuckle. — rf 
83^^ the toe. ~j^^^ going 
or walking on foot. — #^ 
the ancle. ©?^c^— the stalk 
of cocco, Artcm colocasia. 
~-s^o?S a footstool. — av)T^o^ to 
tread or fix the foot. — ^js^r^ 
to run away, —di^fd:)^ to slip 
the foot, lose balance; to be 
reduced in one's circum- 
stances. —^oz§ the thigh, -e^s 
t:^ to place the foot, -^e^o^ 
to stretch the leg. —t>^^ to 
prostrate, do obeisance. 

J'gBD^ kari^, adj. Black, dark. 
~^:>o'd lightning issuing from 
black clouds. — -^oX^ black 
clouds. ~-^e^ see 'uzw^f^. 
=5e)D^=^J5c5 kar^kune, s. A clerk, 


an 6, s. An 

establishment. 2. a work- 
shop. 3. management. 
^■30^ ^od karutude, s. The thigh. 

'5^0^20-5)0^, =5"^c^^3^o^ kari^bary, 

karijiber^, see "s^zz^f^. 
J=ffc)dkara,^. Tasting or smelling 

hot; also a^^. adj. Hot, sharp, 

pungent, sia^— alum. 
^ffDd kara, ^. A prison, jail. 
^fc)d kara, ^ termination affixed 

to a letter^ as esc^o the letter 

55, etc. 

^e)dori karan^a, ^. A cutaneous 
disease which renders the 
skin black. —i^^Tj to suffer 
from such a disease. 

=S=c)doe:o karanji, s. An artificial 
fountain, a kind of siphon; 
an underground channel. 

=g^doli karanta, see ^i^^ooy. 

^"Sdod karanda, adv. Excessive- 
ly, exceedingly, very. -??^^ 
very bitter. 

=5^c^o2:l karande, see "^ot^f. 

=ff^d=3^ karaka, s. An agent. 2. act- 
ing, doing, gram. 3. a tax. 
—'^jdhF^ to pay a tax. 
-/^^d^of^^ karakann^, s. The 
ankle. — ^owo^^ to thump the 
ankle, as a punishment. — ■s:5oo 
w, ^o^d ^ to dress down to the 
ankles, /. ^. completely; to be 

^•sd=ad, ^D-sdrlc^ri karakada, ka- 

ragadaga, ^. A kind of anklet. 

•i=5^d=5^o5j karakayi, see ^t5^oso. 

=5e)d=^oo£j, =CTc)d=s^o^, =5Ddriooy 
karakunta, karakutta, kara- 
gunta, s. A disease of cattle, 
called Epyzootic aphthae. 

xJ^sdrio^ karaganti^, s. The ankle. 
2. a corn on the toe. —^"^4 
^ to fracture the ankle. 
>/=5c)d^ karadi, s. A footstep. 2. the 
sole of the foot. 

=5c)dr3 karana, s. Reason, purpose, 
motive. 2. cause, as opposed 
to effect, 

^Ddra^ karanika, s. A miracle. 
2. supernatural power, adj. 

=3=-3d kara 


=o"3^ kala 

Miraculous, supernatural. — ^ 
"doA a prophet. 

^•5d2Jc)D^ karabar^^, see ts^erorS. 

^^d^ karave, s. One belonging 
to the class of the Konkani 
speaking fishermen. 

^■S0c)to karaji, s. A low class of 

^e)DD^?^ karadige, see ^us5. 
N/^tt)Q^sJ)^ karavuni, c.z>. (^/ ^t^o 
^)) To cause to vomit. 

^dD kari,^ termination affixed 
to nouns to signify one^s 
profession'^ as, ^"szb a beg- 

=Sc)D kari, s. A nest. 2. a black 

-/ bull, ox. ^(^'. Black, dark. 

— ^£g a black cow. ^^— a 

raven-nest. — tj^wo^^ to build 

a nest. 

>/^c)do^ karuni (^^), ^. <^. To 

'^=a'9rfo^ karuppu, ^. A strong '^j^- 
black sort of salt. 

^■sdo23e)D^ karubari^, see ^arorS. 

=5e)dJ5do^ karuruni, ^£?^ ^^. 
-1 =51)6 kare, i"^^ a^"^. 
-i'5c)6 kare, ^. A kind of neck-lace 
or collar. h^SzjL- a brass col- 
lar worn by pariah women. 
n/^'36=5"305o karekayi, ^. A dried 
date fruit. —^ ^oa rotten 
or shrivelled date fruits. —^ 
'^^'d a date tree. 

=ae)dJ3^o karolu, s. A kind of 
wild Cacinia Indica. 

^•srfc; karya, see ^odo^. 

^■s=^ro karkala, s. The town 
of Karkal. 
^=5"3=3=c)r^ karkala, s. Cloudy or 
rainy weather. 
^e)/ir^d karg^attale, ^. Thick 

^■3C?F=^ karnike, ^^^ ^rfr^. 
=a^,Br karti, ^. The third solar 
month. 2. the sign of Gemini 
in the zodiac. — ^ eoo^ the 
first crop. -^-3:5 the worship 
of an idol, consisting of 
waving of lamps in fulfilment 
of a vow. 
^'5c)vBr=a kartika, s. The eighth 
lunar month. 
=ac)iFO*', =a^lr^^ kartelu, kar- 
tell, see 53 Br. 
=s=^3Jrc^o karpanya, s. Trouble, 
vexation; importunity, dun- 
ning, —scio^^ to trouble, dun. 
=S="3e3e)rD^ karbar\i, s. Rule, man- 
agement, superintendence ; 
control, ^fsarors a manager, 
</=5c)Sjoorr\o^ karmugal^, ^. A dark 

v/^'SodoF karya, ^. Work, busi- 
ness, affair. 2. a ceremony. 
3. cause, motive. 4. effect. 
^e)dF karve, ^^^ ^^^• 
V^-32;^ kal^, ^. A quarter, the 
fourth part of a unit, adj. 
j^a'se; kala, s. Time, tense of the 
verb. 2. season. — 3^^) a 
diviner, seer; an astrologer. 
— ei^ the revolution <9r circle 

^■3^ kala 


^D^ kavi 

of time. -jSjses:^ the vicis- 
situde of the times, evil days ; 
misfortune. —^tS^^ the right 
man in the right place, a man 
whose life opens a new epoch 
in human affairs, -e^erf the 
vicissitude of time; change of 
seasons. —Tjct;^ the conjunc- 
tion of two periods of time, 
as morning, noon, evening. 
— ^-rfc®, whiling away time, 
procrastination. — ^?^ liveli- 
hood, maintenance. — =5^^lb^, 
—^34^^ to while away the time; 
to procrastinate; to live 
wretchedly. — 8oE:r^ the end 
to approach, to die. 
=5"3^ kala, adj. Black, dark. 

=5='soor^, =a's^or1kalang^,kalano^a, 
^. A lever. —.Sjsyo^ to lift with 
a lever. 

=5c)^r(3 kalagati, ^. The pro- 
gress or condition of time. 

?rc)^e2^07^, ^-s^zS^cJra kalajiri- 
ge, kalajirdari, s. Black cum- 
min seed, Vcrnonia anthel- 

=ffc)^^0 kalapilli, s. A silver 
ornament worn on the toes. 

=ffe)u2^)C)^ kalabheirave, s. One 
of the sons of Siva. 

=5fe)^^orl=^ kalaminike, s. A kind 
of medicine. 

=5=tt)e;dodj, ^«)e;e)o^'^ kalarudre, 
kalantake, s. Siva the de- 

^e)^3ddrakalaharana, s. Whiling 
away time. 

=a£)^=^^3:! kalakshepa, s. Passing 

or whiling away time. 2. 

maintenance, support. 
^"S^'so^dkalantara,^. The course 

or lapse of time. 
Tj'sa^d?) kalavadhi, s. The end 

of a year, season or period 

of time. 
^e)© kali, see sj^€>. 

w^OAj^Zd^ kaligobbu, s. A kind 
of game. 2. playing for no- 
i =ac)£'s3 kalive, s. A channel for 
irrigation. 2. a canal. 
=s=e)^o kalu, see 's^'^o. 
=&-5)53 kale, see ^od 
•5=4)53 kale s. A black man. 2. a 

black dog, eU. 
=5D^J^^2^^ kalocita, adj. Oppor- 
tune, well timed ; according 
to the times. 
=s=e)s^o^, ^^Sj^ kavante, kavate, 
s. The tree Zanthoxylo7i 
^c)s^oc3 kavande, s. A master, 
lord, proprietor, owner. 
s/=g^^^ kavadi, s. A split bamboo 
with ropes suspending from 
each end, for carrying bur- 
dens across the shoulders. 
J=ffc)SJo^kavalyi,^. Guard, custody, 
watch; protection. — crooSo a 
guard, watchman. — a^b^ to 
place a guard, --rfos^^o^^ to 
mount guard. 
J=5"e)SJ^ kavali, see ^^t. 
''xfe)Cj kavi, s. Red ochre; also 

! =5c>5j kavu 

i^=Si)5S ^^vu, ^yHeat, warmth. 
2. the rind or scraping of 
vegetables, etc. —^STi^^ to 
scrape away the skin of vege- 
tables, eU. 

^"SD^ liave, adj. Red. — ^ ^ocuo 
the red garb of an ascetic. 
^a'sdddod kaveramara, see ^eoSoS 

=5'5d^D kaveri, s. The river 
Kaveri. 2. a female's name. 
_;^c^3)oa a festival in honor 
of that river held on the 1st 
day of the 7th solar month. 
i=S=^s^O kavoli, s. A frying pan. 

^^sJo kavya, s. Poetry. 2. a 
poetical work; cf. ^^?^. ■^■^y?>6 
a garland of poetry, poetical 

=5Db kasi, s. Benares. adj. 
White. -^A^ a white paper. 

— ^^a, see 5D^a. — AOdje)S?, —A 

oSjas? a Benares priest; an 
oppressor. -^Sjse^ the Indian 
corn. — rfriF a strong, white 
cloth. ~2^J\^-d^ the Ganges 
water; also —B^^f. 

=5"3^dJ5^rl kasirog-a, s. Lunacy. 

^^4^D^ kasmiriji, ^. The province 
of Cashmere. 2. a superior 
kind of woollen cloth. 

"SD^oti kasyapa, s. A sage of 
that name. 

=5B^^o5o kashayi, s. The red 

garb of an ascetic. 
1=5^ rU^ kasi^, ^. A cash, an old 
copper coin worth half a 
pie. ^S- the fraction of a 


=5-^^ kali 

cash. ?ra7ds5j a destitute ^r 
worthless man. [sion. 

=SD7<tQ=i kasarike, s. Selfconfes- 

^"SaJ^ kasa, adj. Own. —■^^■R^o 
one's own younger brother. 

=aDk kasi, ^^6^ ^^• 

^■3?orl kasige, adj. Private, per- 
sonal. —s3£o^ private accounts. 

=a^r03-)^ kasitali, s. The mar- 
riage badge worn round the 
neck of a woman. 

=5="S2oS^ kahala, adj. Black, dark. 
—Ti^F a kind of very poisonous 

=5e):^^ kahale, see 'S^^. 

=5=2)So"9^j?;^d7^ kahalorage, see ^s 

J'SDV^ kSkl^jS. A grain, as of rice, 

^^^ kala, adj. Black, dark. 
— di^o a wild cat. — oSjtjo a 
black buffalo, —u^ij a very 
dark night. 

"SD^on^ kalangi^, see ^^^oK. 

=5=e)^=^JS^. kalakotte, adv. Ex- 
tremely; very. —^^^ extreme- 
ly bitter. 
J^^^ri kalaga, i*. War, fight, 

=a"S^2j^Dri kalajirige, see ^(i'^?&^. 

=5=^^sJo> kalamma, -S'. A name of 
Kali. 2. a female's name. 

=a^^ kali, s.. Blackness. 2. the 
goddess Kali. 3. a black cow. 

=a^^o?i kalinga, s. A bird. 2. a 
snake. 3. an elephant. — cto 
y^, — 7:j^- a black serpent. 

^D^ri kaliga, i"^^^ ^s^a. 

tSc)^ kali 


■^2^ kici 

^^^3^^ kalitakshi, s. The fifty- 
second year of the Hiildu 

=s="3^c32)?5 kalidase, s. A celebrat- 
ed ancient poet. 

=5=^^^cdo kaliya, see ^^jse^^J^- 

^c)^o kalu, s. A black dog. 2. a 
man's name. <2^". Black. 

^=DS? kale, .y. Death. [serpent. 

s^^JSf dri kalorage, i". A black 

■S-o=CT?^ kinkana, .y^^ *r®jp®. 

■S-o^d kinkare, .y. A man-servant, 
slave. ^o'^-d^^ servitude, 

:S-o^?ikinkiiii, adj. Trickish. -^ja 
800^, >-3rfo a trick; trickery. 
— 851^ a kind of medicine, see 

■^0^0^ kinkuni, see -^^o^v^. 
•^oriod kingude, see ^oaoz§. 

■^o2^^zf kincanil^, s. A red 

■S-od kinde, .r^^ ^o^. 
•S-or?)iS-^ kinnikitti, s. Sounding, 

as a broken bell. 
•&o^(d kintana, s. Canvas. 2. 

linen. — ^s'ocWj packing cloth. 
■§-o:^s:^, -S-o^s-) kintali^, kintala, s. 

The beam of a pair of scales ; 

also 2io^6. 
nZ-S-o^O kinnari, s. A lute, fiddle. 

—■a;>7(, —^20 the tune of a lute. 

— eoD&Tio^ to play upon a lute. 
V-S-o^ kinni, adj. Small, little, 

young, s. The young of an 

animal. 2.smallness. ^jseS^i— 

a chicken. -t:^<v7>09:> uvula, 

200Q narrow-minded- 

; senselessness. ~Tk)6 

old and voune:. — ^j^e?? 

epiglottis; a disease under 
the tongue, called frog. — ^ 
"5^ a small corn ; the Ricinus 
seed. ~83fo a kind of rice. 
_8!it5^ the little finger ; cf. ^r®^ 


young. — -Sjse?? a 
dejected face. ~aeL>^, —si^Tli^ 
to bring forth, yean, as sheep. 
■S-oo^do^ kimpurushe, s. A fabu- 
lous bird with a human face. 
iS-osJJ3^ kimmat^, s. Value, price. 

— ^s'wo^^ to fix the value. 
■S-o^ra^^ kirmpil^, see rrhF<6. 

7 ■§• oeo r do^ kirmbaruni, ^^^ ■S-os^'^?^^ 

J-§-o23«)r^ kirmbata, s. An itching 
sensation. 2. scratching. 

i-S-o2^r23^ kirmbil^, s. The ear- 
wax. — ;^uo^A an ear-pick. 

■'■^oT^Fo^ kirmbill^, see -^hF^. 

-^■S-o2oor^ kirmbuni (-CTo^r), v. n. 
To itch. V. a. To rub, scratch. 

J-S-oeSrsj^ kirmbel^, s. Itching. 
2. scratching. — ^e4 a kind 
of nettlish Cocco, Colocasia 

-i-S-ri kigga, adj. Little, small. 

J^'ihrs'^ kicikici, .y.-'Chirping. 2. 
prattling. ( adj. Bruised, jel- 
lied. — iijs^r^ to tread to a 
jelly, -^o^j^^ to chirp; to 
^2^^, ^"3:^ kicidi, kicedi, s. 
Boiled rice mixed with split 
pulse and jaggory. -80or©::i 
^e^ a female's brown coloured 


r2^ kici 



•&^^^ kicita, see -S-^. 

^2^ ^ kiccadi, see ^'^th. 

f^S, -^z^o, ^25 kiccijkiccujkicce, 
1. Fire. 2. envy. 3. indiges- 
tion, disorder of the stomach. 
^ri— a jungle fire, ^.-s^— 
envy, hatred. 

•^e^^, -o-elJSui kiccidi, kiccodi, 

■S-2i © kicceli, ^. A musk-rat. 

^t^^S -^es^F-^ kij anij, kijanu, s. A 
kind of fish. -^^0 its spawn. 

^ti^j^ kijaluni", see X^e^o^. 

^23^s3^ kijikitti, s. A boy's toy; 
a rattle. 

■&23^23 kijibiji, ^^^ Xs^sSaS. 

•^^^0^ kijeluni, ^^^ X^ejo^. 

■S-ea'^ kituka, see ^c^^. 

■S-b^-S^^ kitukitij, J. Annoyance, 
disturbance, teasing. —7^^ a 
tormentor, —t?^^ to be vexed. 
—Tio'^Os^^ to vex, disturb. 

•6-e3 kiti, ^^^ ^^• 
^■§■13^ kitiki, j". A window. 

•^13^13 kitikiti, ^. Ticking, as a 
watch; a small sound pro- 
duced by tapping on a flat 
substance. 2. giggling, titter- 
ing. ~^<zj^^ to titter. 
y kitta, ^.>*Sediment of boiled 
areca-nut. 2. scoria; dross 
of smelted iron] '^3. proximity. 
adj. Near. — s:!)"^^ to repair 
or cement an earthen or stone 
vessel with the powdered 
"^■^^ kidi, ^.--'A spark. 2. a small 


precious stone. ~^h^ to 
become enraged. — s^D-do^, — -d 
wo^^, ^t:d^^ sparks to fly. 

v/-S-r$ kini, s. Wit, keenness, cun- 
ning. — :;^j320o^oi to play tricks. 
_:fj5&-s4c'i to show^ one's cun- 

^r$^c^ kinikini,^. The tinkling of 
small bells ; a clinking sound. 

vi-S-cJo^ kinili^, s. The noise made 
by the fall of a small bell, elc, 

^^r3,rD kinkana, adj\ Little. -83 
■8€ the little finger. 
■S-r^o,^ kinkuni, see ■^^^^^. 

7-&r9^^ kinnal^, ^. A brass cup. 
■^3s)20^ kitabiji, s. A book. 2. 

the Koran. 
■S-3^ kitt^, see ^^. 

>/-§-3^ kitty, ^. Lightning, -f^a^^ 
lightning to flash. 
■S-^O, ^^^, ^i kittali, kittili, 
kitle, s. An orange. 

V-S-^^^ kittuni (^5^), 7,'. t^. To 
flutter; to be in agitation. 
•&C3^o^ra kidynkana, see -S-o©-?^. 

7-S-a^ogj kidumbre, ^. A brass 
ear-ring; also tfciocsSj. 

kidukiliji, kidi^kely, kidki^li^, 
kidkeli^, s. The armpit. 2. 
tickling. — eyL^ to be ticklish. 

~zjT)Zi^^ to tickle. 
7^cjo^ood kidambure, ^^^ -S-SosSj. 

^a kidi, see ^sj. 
>y-§-d kide, s. A cow-pen, stall. 
— N^ a manger; e/. zSlij^. 
xr^^^^Xj kinijkuni, see -^^o^^ 

•§■^5^ kin^ 


■&=5<^r kirki;L 

v/^c^^D^, -^T^zf, -^ng^ kin^^r^j ki- 
nar^, kinali^, s. A bit, trifle. 
■^^d6 kinare, s. Margin, bank, 

shore. 2. border, edge. 
^c^^c^ kinikini, see ^rS^f^. 
J-^^^ kinkana, see ^e^^r®. 
J-^c^o,?^ kinkuni (^^a), v. 
^^^ kinnari, see ^o^^. 

■c-^^kinni, see -S-oa. 


^ ^^^4 

kinyappe, ^. A mother's 

younger sister. 
J ^?^os5o, kinyamme, s. A father's 

younger brother. 
7 ^?^o sj kinyavu, ^. The young of 

an animal. 2. a little thing; 

kipaya, kipayat^, kiphayiti, s. 

Profit, gain, advantage. 
^iAO^ kippil^, see ^hF6. 
•S-^^ kippu, see ^4^^oo^. 

kippe, s. A pile, heap. 
-s:^t1)^ to heap up. 
i3-sJo,3* kimmati^, see ^o^§; 
■S-ccIjocI kiyude, see -^^zf. 
iS^D^oEoo^ kir^mbuni, ^^<? -S^o 20or^. 
i^D^cs*^ kir^di^, ^^^ -S-S?"- 
•o-u^i'i^* kir^bill^, ^^^ -S-Sbr^. 
■&uo2/a kiranci, j. Mire, mud. adj. 

Miry, dirty, foul. 
lo-c^c? kiraua, ^. A ray or beam 

of light. 
-J -S-OrJ kirani, ^. A kind of itch ; 

also ^lirf, TOjrf. 


•^■SrD, ^Co kiri, kiru, adj. Small, 
little, young. 2. low, mean. 

■§•0^^^., ■S-O^s'Lb.^ kirikattyi, ki- 
rikattuni, ^^^ -^eS^uo^, under 

■S-D-^0 kirikiri, ^. Disturbance, 

J annoyance. -^. creaking, as 

shoes, etc\ of. ^tj^&. -si^^do^ 

to prattle, ^"^"s^o^^ to disturb. 

y^S-Dh, -S-O?^ kirigi, kirige, ^. The 

garment worn by a girl; also 

■S-DA, ^Ori klrigi, kirige, s. An- 
noyance. -^0^0^^ to annoy. 

^DC3^ kirid^, ^^^ ^^r. 

i3-D0JJ53^ kiriyat^, ^. Chirayit 
gentian, Ophelia chirata. 

■S-DoSokiriye, J. Exorcising; char- 
ming a demon. 
>/-S-Go3o kiriye,^. A junior, younger 

•S-D^y kirita, s. A crown, diadem. 
■5-&e£js!pziB a king. 

•8- do kirn, j^<^ ^&. 

J^6 kire, ^^^ ^^. 

■S-doH* kirengijL, see ^t5o?\. 

■^6ozSkireiici,i'<?^ -SrTjoel. 

■&6ozoo^ kirencuni, ^^^ ^T?o£io?). 

J-&d^o^ kirejuni (^^^), 7'.«. To 
cut, as straw, grass-stumps 
etc. 2. to scrape or clear, as 
the ground. 
■S-d^^, ^dsg)^, ^dsS^ kirepini, 
kirepuni, kirevuni, ^^^6' ^^3^^. 

■S-Cc)lkirate,^. A hunter, fowler; 7^^r kirk^, ^. A 

a forester. 



■S-=ctf kirka 


■^^2^ kice 

•S-^r^^, •^^T<^ kirkal^, kirkala, 
s. Annoyance, trouble, teas- 
ing. 2. a grain. 
^ri?^o kirgatti, s. A small knife. 

2. a short sword. 
^rlops^ kirgulla, ^. A small 
kind of brinjal. 
f-^^F^j kirtara, s. An inferior 

sort or kind. 
/trZj^F kirdiji, ^^■. Inferior, not 

' -^-^ro^ ■S-2:)rG^ kirpilij, kirbill^, 
.$-. A hut, small temporary 
•S-0^^5r3« kiryati^L, see -S-Qodj^g. 

■S-?3r kirse, ^^^ ^^^• 
/iS-a^ozoo, -S-o^Eoo, -S-^odoo kilum- 

bu, kilyibu, kilumu, see -^eSos!). 
>/-S-^ kila, ^.-^The belly. 2. a bag. 

_C5o3dD4^ to fill or feed the 

i-S-e;-^-^ kilakila, s. Chirping. 

2. screeching, adv. Heartily. 

—ji€>4^ to laugh heartily. 
/^©oeoo, -^^0200 kilimbu, kilubu, 

see -S-eSos!). 
J-S-0^0 kilikili, ^^^ -^ej^^^. 
•S-s3o23 kilenji, ^. A fly. 

/■S-s3ot^, -ors^osoo kilembi, kilembu, 

s. Rust, verdigris, corrosion. 

•S-qSo^Q kilembiri, s. Cream. 

2. scum. — ^yo,^), —^^ a 

ei — o 

froth to form. 
^/^ 63=3*0^ kilekuni (-^s^^), ^. ^. 
-/ To draw out, pull. ^2. to 
irritate, jDrovoke; to stir, 

■§•53^^ kilepuni, see ^«3^^. 

'^^3^^, -^6^.^^ kilevuni, kile- 
vuni (^«3, -S-eSe), z-. ;/. To 
whistle. 2. to resound. 

■^dro kilesi, see ^^^. 
V-ff^o. kilbu, ^^^ -^eSoe!). 

■a-s3 kille, ^. A fort. -^-^ the 
commander of a fort. 

■S-SjzI, ^s^d kivade, kivude, s. 
A deaf man. ^^rio deaf. 
J-S-^-S-^ kisikisi, J. A titter, laugh. 
^ -S-rj^, -S-rO kis\i, kisi, ^."^Grinning. 
2. a fragment. 3. trouble. 
4. hinderance. — ■^^» — 2:ro-3r 
a very small balance. — eotoso 
a grinning face. — 23?5 a trifle. 
_3j-5yoc^ to give trouble; to 
haggle. — ^wo^^ to hinder. 
^■^7^"^ kisyika, s. Tittering or 
grinning. — ^ ^^^^ to grin, 

■^1^ kise, s. The pocket of a 

•a 7^^, -0-^ kistijL, kiste, s. A fixed 
period for payment of reve- 
nue. 2. an instalment. 

xr^h^ kilipili, s. The sound of 

■^^z^'i kicake, ^. The name of an 
ancient king. 

■S-^2^e3^4'50 kicabavoli, s. A fly- 
ing fox. 
>/■§■ ^2:^0 ^^2^0, -^^z^o^^b^ kicukicu, 
kicukiti^, s. The squeaking of 
rats, eU. 
^'•^^e^jQ^ kicuni (^e^), v. n. To 

•S-^sl kice, see -B-esi^. . 

^^zB kiji 


=^00^0 kunku 

■S-^z3 kiJi, s. White lead. 

i-^^ej kita, s. An insect in general. 

2. a worm. 3. see ^w^. 
>/-S-eei=^, -S-^^?^ kitake, kitage, s. 

A base o?' rude fellow. 
y -S-^cs^ kidi^, adj. Inferior. 

J ^^^% -S-^^ kidu, kidi, s. A worm, 
insect. — efb^, — eojs-do^ to de- 
cay; to become useless. 

J-&^3^ kit^, s. A part, bit; a 
-a-eaj^ kituni (^e'^), 7a n. To 

spirt, sprit; to sprinkle. 
■§-^cJo^ kiduni (^?S), ^'. ^. To 
importunate; to dun, tease. 

J -^e^ kipu, s. A bunch. 

^^T^o^ kibillu, see -^h-^. 

^ J J 

^J-^^^ kir^, ^. "A split, rift; a 

\/-S-^D^ kir^, adj. Ancient, old; 
■Se^K ■Bo^6K 80oa a lesson for 
the past and future. 
•S-^D kiri, s. Continuance, inces- 
sancy. — ^s'wj^^ to continue, go 
on without ceasing. -^iS^20?jr 
incessant rain. 
>/^-S-edOc^ klruni (^e^), v. a. To 
scratch ;'' to split ; also 'h^'^o^. 
^^6 kire, see ■§•?&. 
v/^^6JS)%^kirottuiii (■^^S.^^). v. a. 

To roar, as an elephant. 
J-Sr^;^FfS kirtane, s. Praise; a 
psalm, hymn. — -si) ^-^o^^ to sing 
praises of God. 
■S-^vSr kirti, s. Faiiio, riMiown, 

J ^^^ kil^, s. A joint, hinge, peg. 
2. a wooden fastening. — s::^ 
Tid^ to fasten as a door; also 

x7^^c^oZ^ kilumbu, see ^6o€). 

■S-^o^c^sJd kilijLdavade, s. The 
lower jaw. 

■S-^0 kill, J. A lock. -^^ the 
key of a lock. 
-/■^^d^o^ kilmelij, adj. Evil and 
good. 2. inferior and supe- 
rior, adv. Upside-down. 
J^^Z^ kivu, s. Pus, matter of a 

■S-^?oo^ kisuni, see •&?^^. 

A-S-^?oO§ kisuli, s. A carpenter's 

J-h^^ kil^, ^^'. Base, low, mean. 

-eff", -o-e^f an inferior. 

—SdD^ a low class or caste. 

— ^c^ baseness, meanness. — s:^ 

^^ a vulgar expression. — 20os 

a mean disposition. — ^e^. 

see ^ee3^?^. 
-i^^^, -^^^0 kill;, kilu, ^^^ -S-e^- 

=3^j ku, ^^^■. /^^/. Bad, low, 
small ; as — s^e^ vulgar people. 
— orfAi-a^ low tricks, etc. 

=5^00 ^0^0 kunkuma, s. A crim- 
soned powder of turmeric, 
used by married women for 
making a mark on their fore- 
heads. -=#?:^5 see ^^T^-i. 
vi=5^oo=CTjdo kunkuru, s. Going on 
Ihiiuls and legs, as an infant; 
also TLtecS'vjuo. — "^^ a toad. 
_s:;)Tio^ to stagger, reel. 

=5^00=^ kunke 


^00 do kundu 

»/^oo=^ kunke, sec ^.^o#. 
•i ^ooe^ kunca, s. A tassel, flybrush. 
^oo2^ kunci, s. A kind of chil- 
dren's hood reaching down 
to the calves of the legs. 
=^oo£:§ kunce, s. A weaver's stay, 
^oot^ kunja, s. A heap, accu- 
mulation, hoard; assemblage. 
"CTOots^c^ kunjariji, s. A small 
jungle. 2. the name of a 
=^OoZo kunji, see Xjso^. 
^ooeofir kunjirga, see s^oosd^S. 
«i ^Oo'^ kunna, ^. Genitals, idg. 

^jo^ kunta, i\ A peg, post. 2. 
^ the stocks, '^dj. Lame, crip- 
pled; blunt. ~^^f)€ a crip- 
ple's tricks. — 'sdS a lame 
leg. -t'^h^ to place or fix 
a post. — sj7)T^o^ to set up a 

tS^oosJc^ kuntani, s. Vexation. 
2. dissoluteness; cf. ^oy^r^. 
-adt5 a debauchee. 

tS^ooI]^^, =5^00^'^^, =CTOoto^ kun- 

tali^, kuntal\i, kuntala, s. The 

tree Goniphia angustifolia. 

— zjoSf its fruit. 

v^'^oo^sj^ kuntavuni, ^^^ ^js?o 

N/=^ooe3 kunti, ^. A female dwarf. 
(2^'.^Short ;■ worn out, wasted; 
blunt, dull. — -sSoj^^ a worn 
out broom. — 20js-do^ to become 
blunt, etc. 

V^ooeJo kuntu, ^. Cloth. 2. gar- 
ment, dress. ~^^^^^ to dress. 

clothe. —^'5:34^ to cover with 
clothes, put on clothes. 
-/^ooyo^i kuntuni, see ?^-^?oyo^. 

^=5^00^ kunte, s. A dwarf, short 


J=5^oo^ kunte, s. The web beam 
of a loom. — rf ^J3 fire set up 
to warm the bleached thread. 
— AjsT^o^ to set a post or peg. 
©c^_ the cross-beam of a 
J'l^^od kunda, s. A pit, especially 
of sacrificial fire. 
=3^ood^ kundala, s. A kind of 

ear-ring; also aoct^c;. 
=5^003^0 kundali, s. A kind of 

=5^00^, =aOo^?^ kundi, kundige, s. 

A strong trough. 
=^oocle/ kundeliji, see xs'jsocf^. 
U'S^oodI kunne, ^. The penis. 

=3^00^ e; kuntala, s. A curl, ringlet. 
2. the hair. 3. a drinking cup. 

=ctOo>B kunti, s. The mother of 
the Pandu princes. 

=5^0023*" kundi^, see "^oouk). 
4=s^ooCJ kunda, s. A pillar, post. 
^^rf— a stone pillar. — ^y^^i 
to build a pillar. 
>/=^0odr9 kundana, s. Pure gold. 

^ooC3"s^^ kundavuni, ^. v. (o/^oo 
^^) To reduce. 2. to boil 
down. 3. to repress, humble. 
N^oodo kundu, s. Deficiency, 
defect, fault. 2. want. 3. loss. 
—crooSo a helper; a compan- 
ion, comrade. — Xo to make 


=3^00^0 kundu 


^o=aj, kukku 

up a deficiency, —^l want 

of money or means. 
J'S'oo;:^^ kundu, s. A child of Pa- 

rialis. -^^T^or^ to bear, bring 

forth, as Pariahs. 
J^oodJ^) kunduni ("^ooE), v.n. To 

decrease, abate, be reduced. 

2. to fade, wither. 3. to be 

boiled down. 
J=3^oodo^ kundeli^, s. Deficiency, 

as in the measurement of 

grain, etc. 
=5^00 gj kundri, s. A small craft 

or vessel from the Maldive 
J islands. J adj. Little, small, 

short. ~^^\^ -a3De3 a puny 

babv, bantlinff. — ^js^,, — ^^t:^ 

coo a small kind of cocoanut, 

imported from the Maldive 

=^oodjj=^J5^^ kundrukote, s. An 

old fort at Mercara. 
=5^oosia, =aOo53Dg^ kumpari, kum- 

padri, ^. A god-father. 
^-oog)^ kumpuni, ^^^ ^^o^^. 
=3*0032 kumpe, ^^^ =^o^. 
=5*0020 kumba, see g'oosj^. 

J ^oozo^^d, =ctoo2o6 kumbakare, 
kumbare, ^^-^ ^ocktot?. 
^oozoi:^. kumbatt^, ^^^ ^oosoo. 
=5*0020^0^ kumbaruni (^^ooeoS), 
7'. «. To quake, tremble. 
^ ?5*oo2osj kumba va, s. A pumpkin 
<?;' gourd. 
'aroo2o?3' kumbasiji, ^^6^ ^ooeoj. 
•I'Brooej^d kumbare, s. A potter; 

^^'^:iotj kumbi, J.-^A mirage, n/2. 
the penis. 3. an elephant. 

Vi^ooEookumbu, i". E-ottenness. adj. 
Rotten, carious, decayed. — ^o 
^ a rotten tree, —^^h^ to rot. 

y^jo2ooc^ kumbuda, A pumpkin or 
gourd, Cucurbita agenaria. 
^5^— an ash-gourd. ^0— , 
£2j3r®o- a small kind of ash- 
gourd. £5e;_, j-^^ t^csooi?. 
— ^jsoaoL^^, -sS^or^ to boast, 
vaunt, z'lg. 

=s*Oo23jsyo, kumbottu, see '^■^0?;^:^. 
6J •• ' 

=5*oo2^ kumbha, ^. The eleventh 

solar month (Febr.-March). 

2. a pot, an earthen vessel. 
. — ^?6r- the name of a giant, 

Havana's younger brother. 

— "^^ the sign Aquarius. 
xS^jocp, =3*ooc^?o ^ kumbha, kumbha- 

sthala, s. The frontal globe 

of an elephant's head. 
=5-0'ro5^, =CTjo<Do#kummak^, ku- 

mmike, sec ^0^^. 
-^=5*ooo:iJi)0^okummaya, see ^o^:ii)a5o. 
^ooZoFO^ kunrjilu, ^6'^ 5o-^f^. 
^00 ^or^ kurntuni (^ooOf), z/. n. 

To shrivel, shrink. 
^ooCJoF kurndu, see t^jaouior. 

^S'oodjsr^ kurndodi, s. A kind 
of fish. 

^Oo?oO kumsu, see Ao5o?ij. 
J =3*0=5*0, kukku, s.^k mango. 2. the 
mourning feast of the Pariahs. 
— cJ ;i)-d a mango tree. —^ 
^iooc^ a young mango. — ^ cro 
;^S, -3lD^5 mango pickle. 

_=^j5oz^o^'?o?:^ Pariahs to at- 
tend a funeral ceremony. 
^ 'u^'^o.O kukkuli, s. Pecking. 
V) =0^0=3*0, ©ojoo^ kukkuliyuni (^o^Oj 

e3), r. ^. To peck. 
^=^o=^kukke, s. A basket, -^o 

"cJo^ a small basket. 
^^f^^Tid^ kugguni (^^^), ^'. ?2. To 
be humbled, depressed. 2. to 
sink; see ^o?jOj^. 

^oeij=3^o2;ao kucukucu, s. A whis- 
per. ~zj7>S-do^ to whisper. 

=^wS§ kuce, see ^o^. 

=5*oe§J?)^cio kucodya, ^. Ridicule, 
derision, mockery. 
J=^o?^^' kuccati^, s. Shortness, 
smallness. adj. Short, little. 

=^je^rJr^, ^oz^^, =5^0:515 ej kucca- 
nige, kuccane, kuccata, ^. Re- 
probation, taunt, upbraiding. 

^o^S• kucci, s. The cropped hair 
-/ of the head. 2.>'the stump 

>/ of a shrub. -'3. a tassel. ^^/;". 
Small, short. — tjdS a copse, 
brushwood. — ^oS grass- 
stump, stubble. — ^l)o<s^j^ a 
thicket of thorns. — 7\e;do^, 
—7^4^?) to shave the head. 
-«5_ a kind of fish. ^B— an 
addition made to the tuft of 
hair on the crown of the head. 

=^02d s3 kuccile, s. A taunter. 

=^02^0 ^ kuccuni, see =5^0^ r®o^. 

•c^02§ro0^, =a02§j?)r3o?o kuccenuni, 
kucconuni (^-^fi, ^odjd f^), 7/. 
?'^. To blame, censure, re- 

147 ^osd kutta 

^:>'^^ kuccena, see ^og^rfy^. 

=aoti kuja, rt-^'. Earth-born. .y. 

A tree. 2. the planet Mars. 

—sroi^ Tuesday. 
^s'jZJioei kujanti, see =g'jsaicif. 
^otiQ^ kujar^, s. The stench of 

urine; any bad smell. 
J'^^ti^^ kujal^, s. The hair of 

the head. 
=s^j2ii^o^ kujaluni, see ??-^;5co^. 

J =5otoo20o, =5^otdjoWJ kujimbu, ku- 
jfumbu, s. A chip, fragment. 
=5^wb2)05j kutayi, ^^^ ^-^uoso. 
=aoli kuti, s. A hut. 

=5*013^ kutini, s. A deceitful 

"aM^ kutila, s. Trick, imposture, 

deception. 2. hypocrisy. 3. 

crookedness. — toc5o, s'o&^eS a 

cheat, imposter. 
J^s^oeJooeo kutumba, s. A family; 

a household. 
^'^j£JOGt:)r^ kutumbige, ^. A house- 
holder, family-man. 
TS'oLio^ao kutuku, ^. The game of 

hide and seek. 2. a female's 

=5'oy^^o^j kutukutu, s. The 

rumbling of the bowels. 2. 

grinding the teeth. 
=?^oi]. kutta, ^^^ t^jsu,. 

=3^o£j,c^^ kuttani^, ^. A kind of 
-^o-rf a field over- 

grown with 
barren field. 



^j^ra kuttana, see ^0^ rS??. 

so ■ ' ' "^ 


=5^0 eJ, kutta 


=5^jrs kuna 

=aw^7^.^ kuttasi^, see ^o^. 
JTS'olJ.kuttiji". A stake, peg, stump. 

— ?fj3?£;o a short stick. — ^fj^^s^o 

^j330o^^ to play at throwing 

a stick. 
=3*0 e3©^ kuttilu, see ^oi!(2;. . 
>/=g^oyj, kuttu, s. A blow given 

with the fist. 
J ^o^j,^ kuttuni (^^^), '^. ^. To 

thump, give a blow, strike 

with the fist. 2. to crash, 

pound, bruise. 
-^^j^ kutte, ^. Decay, rottenness. 

—5^0 a borer, that destroys 

trees, —tj^^^ to decay. — ^e 

to) to be ruined, done up, 

,1=2^0^0^ kutru, s. Cooing, -^rf 

a spotted dove. — siJDi^o^tocoo. 
^od kuda, <^^7.'. Again. ~^^ 

once more. — s^ot^ again and 

again, repeatedly. 
• =3*0:3 023 kudanji, see ^jszfo^. 

=^0^^^ kudapuni, see ^jsi^^^. 
>/=^jC3D kudari, s. An axe. ^^j^— a 

T^o^^JS^s;^ kudikolii, ^^^ ^o&3^ 

^jse^j, tinder ^oe,! . 


>; =So^2lo^ kudicel^^L, ^-^^ ^0^^. 
>/ ^j^^ld kudicele, see ^o^ e5. 


J ^CiZi^i kudyi, ^. VHoL-se-gram, 
Dolichos uniflorus. 2. the 
testicles of dogs, cats, etc, 3. 
the fresh scars of small-pox. 
-zi;;^^ to feed (cattle) with 
gram; to cuff, ^ave blows. 
-ti'^^iT^^ lit, gram to scatter; 
small-pox to brciik out. 

^odooEj kudumbe, s. A jungle 
man. 2. a Konkani speaking 
Roman Catholic. 

=3^0:^0 ^s3 kudutale, see ^o^d 

=3^02:^0^, kudupu, s, A strainer, 

made of wicker-work. 
^oz^o^^ kudupuni, ^^^ ^ot^^. 

=^odosi) kuduma, ^. A ferry. 

-i J 2. ^^^ ^oyjo20. 
=5^0^ J do kudume, see ^oiliod. 

J'S'ocI kude, s, A rat's hole. 
=5^0^ oto kudenji, see ^jsz§o^. 

^=^oz:loZo^jd kudenjimara, s. The 
tree of oval-leaved rosebay, 
Wrightia antidysenterica, 

J =3*0^, =3*ori kudki, kudke, s. A 
small earthen vessel. — rfo^^r 
a kind of firework. 

^=3*0^0 ^ kudcuni (^^l^)^ '^'. ^. To 
drink excessively. 2. to swal- 
low liquor. 

-^=3*0:1 23^ kudceliji, ^. Drunkenness. 

^=a0^d kudcele, ^. A drunkard. 

=3^oc^„d kudtale, s. The re- 
gistered right of paying land 

=3^0^, =aod kudpa, kudpe, see 

=3^oc^ 'ff^ kudpal^, J. A woman 

with uncombed hair. 2. the 

name of a female demon. 

J'S^occO ^ kudpuni (^^S), i\ n. To 

' shiver, as from ague. v. a. To 

dust, shake off as the dust of 

a cloth, etc. 

=3^or9e3, =3'jc?s3 kunal^, kunile, see 

=3^03^ kutti^ 


^oa kudi 

=3^ J 3^0 kutt^ri, see ^o^5. 
- 3^0^ kutta, s. Sickness. «5-d^ 

c:^— jaundice, ^e^— dropsy. 
/=s'o^.ej, kuttata, ^. Pain, as in 
suppuration of a boil. 
=5^0 4 y,, =5^0 ^„q^ kuttatta, kut- 

tyatta, s, A granary, store. 
'S'oIq^ kuttani, ^. A superior 

kind of silk cloth. 
^ja^jf^ kuttane, adv. Headlong. 
T^o|^0 kuttari, see "^^^^^ 

v/^s'ol^do^ kuttaruni (^^i,^' ^'•^• 
To feel a biting or itching 
sensation. 2. to ache. 
^j^^o kuttalu, see ^^^. 
"S^o^^o^ kuttaluni, see =#-9o^e;j^^. 
=5*0^^ kuttale, .s-. A sickly man. 
>/5^03^y kuttata, see ^o^y. 
=3*0;^ D kuttari, see ^0;^ &. 

v/^S^j^jj kutti, .y. A liquid measure, 

^ as of oil etc. 

'v/f^OvB^ kutti, .y. The trunk or 
stump of a tree. —wi^Af. fees 
levied for permission to fell 
trees on government land. 
— ^jseCJo a perpendicular post 
supporting a roof. ~^'& pro- 
pitiation of demons, sup- 
posed to haunt a newly con- 
structed roof. — ^^odoo?) a 
race or family to be extinct. 
— A^F^ to dig up the stump 
of a tree. ^'^c>Fh a post 
planted in the water for 
supporting anything. 
^Ov|^^^ kuttipuli, J-. Tamarind. 

J'uo^^ kuttiri, s. A civet cat. 
"^/^ao^i, kuttu, s.'/k prick, punc- 
ture; very small hole. 2. a 
fomentation or poultice. 3. 
a basket-maker's knife; also 
^0;^ ^.^oe;o. —=??jsLr^ to foment. 
—oj^T^j^) to prick, make a hole. 
— 80js-do^ to become a hole. 
/=5^o^_jj,^ kuttuni pjf^), T'. ^. To 

bore, pierce. 
/ =0^030^0 kutturi, s. A weel for 
catching fish with. 2.abasket- 
shaped cage for fowls. 

"^o^^^o^, =3^0^^ kutturuni, ku- 
truni, see ^oj^s^?^. 

'^^i^^ kutteli;, s. A kind of 
brush used by toddy-drawers. 

'^oiJ?^ ^ kuttodi, s. A cobra ema- 
ciated by devouring another 
species of snake called 

^oIjSjjO^j kuttyolu, see ^oS^ 
^.«?e^-, under ^0^ . 

=3^odo^ kudante, see =^j?>^o&. 

=3^0 dcS^ kudadiji, see =^jsrfS. 

-^^ocjfl, =3^0 d^ kudane, kudane, s. 

The fruit of Solanum puhes- 

v=3'o£> kudi, s. Term, turn. adj. 

Fixed, settled. — Qs?j^ to fix 

a time. 
=3^0 £) kudi, ^^^ ^jsa. 
-^^ja^^Q^ kudikar^, ^. Tiptoe. 
V^o£>^, kudike, A jackal, fox. 
-f'TS^oa^^, =5^jac^oo^ kudipuni, ku- 

diyuni (^^-j, z/. n. To repent, 


=(^oa kudi 


=3*023^ kube 

-/=CTja^^sJ^ kudipevuni (^oa^c), 
V. a. To be desiring, wishing. 
2. to be anxious. 

A^s^oc^jozoo kudumbu, see ^jsrfooaoo. 

>/=aodoo2Jo^j kudumbulu, ^. A 
'^^Z^^'i kuduke, see ^oa^. 
=^odjr; kudupa, ^^^ sojc^sj. 
J=^0(^j3g)^ kudupuni (^^S), ^.^. 
To cut; to reap. 
^ocJosS kudupe, s. A small kind 
of earthen vessel for boiling 
rice. 2. {fig-) the belly. 
=3^odjs3j kudume, s. The side d?r 
cross roof of a house. 
J=5'oc^do kuduru, s. A sand bank. 

2. a small island. 
J^ocjjdoc^ kuduruni (^orfoS), ^'. ;z. 

To recover from sickness. 
J '^ocjjd kudure, s. ^A horse. 2. 
kJ xfthe lock of a gun. -t^t?, 
^c5so3o a horsekeeper ; a rider. 
-^e^ a saddle. — rf 3ddi& the 
mane of a horse. — <ysodJ a 
stable. — pdssD riding. — ^o 
^ Tjo^^ —,303;) 4^ to mount a 
horse, to ride. 
J "^od kude, s. A piece of wood. 
'S'oci kudke, ^^^ ^oar?. 
'^jcjo kuddu, see so^rfo . 
'Srodjsc^o^i kuddonuni, ^^^ ?ro^o^. 
^jcSjsC) kuddoli, ^^^ Xc^dsdC). 

J'S^odo, =5^0 do kuddya, kudya, ^. 
Shortness, adj. Short, small, 
dwarfish. — crooSo a dwarf, 
short man. 

=3*0^, kudpe, see ^orfo^. 

^oC33^?i^ kudrasij, s. A square 

^Of^d kunale, ^^^ ^J30®e3. 

=ao^'5)ozl kupande, s. Concealing 
one's nature, acts, elc; hy- 
pocrisy. —zj^Stj^c^ to talk like 
a virtuous man ; to impose 

=5^osj3od, =5'o53-5)ogj kupande, ku- 
pandre, see ^'os^eT?. 

=3^0 ^^0, =3^0 ^^j kupulu, kupulu, 
^. The crow-pheasant, -^o 
^ red eyes. — 20r© reddish 
colour. — ^of^ a mole-hill. 

=3^os3^od kupendre, see s^oeSe-d. 
V'S'oSj^^o kuppasa, ^. A petty coat, 


j=^olj kuppi, ^. Glass-ware. 2. 
china-wares. 3.apial,bottle. 
7=^0^ kuppe, see Xo^. 

=5^j^je;^, =a0Z3c)O^ kubal^, kubaly, 

s, A pinnacle, the top of a 

=3^o&jj2^ kubuja, ^dj. Dwarfish; 

=3'o^jo^S kubuje, s. A female 


=^j2ooa kubuddhi,^. Foolishness; 
folly. [tree. 

=^023 kub^, ^. The top of a palm 

'^jZw^dsi)^ kuberamara, s. The 
mahogany tree. 

=3^0 23^ d kubere, ^. The Indian 
Pluto and god of wealth, pre- 
siding over the north quarter. 
2. a rich man. 

=3^j&j kubja 


=5 J do kuru 

'^^iij kubJa, see ^02003^. 

^osjoocl kumande, ^^^ ^os::^oi3. 

^^0^0=5^, ^o^j-S-, =^o^oo-S-, ^0^00 
=^j, ^odoj=a kumaki^, kumiki, 
kumuki, kumuku, kumuke, s. 
Aid, assistance. — 3iSA unas- 
sessed land for the use of 

^o^jjiod^ kumandra, see ^0^ 

l^o^J5)OJj kumaya, ^. Chunam, 
lime. 2. mortar. C" ■^•^>^~^) 
^os^j?)D, =g^odJSsBr kumari, .ku- 
marti, s. A girl. 2. a virgin. 
3. a daughter. 

^^^orfori kuranga, s. A musk-deer. 
V&. a monkey. 

^s'odo^ kurant^,* i'^^ ^.?)-doE 
y ^odo^jQ^ kurantuni, ^^^ =5^01^0000^. 
^s'od 0^0^ kurantuni, see ^;sdo;^o^. 

=5^odog=^e;^ kurandrakall^, s. A 
kind of very hard stone. 

=3^0 do 2^)1^^ kurambilu, ^. A kind 
of grass growing in fields. 

=aodozoo kurambu, see ^^.^tiJoeoo. 

'd^^'s^ v.u^=CT^ kuraky, kurakiji, 

s. Food, sustenance. 
=^jd^,=3'jD^^ kuradi, kuradi, see 

=^jd:l kurade, see ^o-do^. 
^OD^N^ kuran\i, ^. The Koran. 

^os^j^a kumare, ^. A boy. 2. a j/^^q kurl, s. A sheep. -ai?^ 

foolish people. -^ -S-^,;^ a lamb. 
— T5jae^ wool. 


^o^oo?j".:)23^ kumusal^, s. Consul- 
tation. 2. conspiracy, plot. 
/=^^^^i^^ kumetel^, s. Putrid 

meat or fish. 

/^s'odos^^ kumevuni (^0^), v.n. 

To decay, putrify, as meat, etc. 

i =3^0^00^, ^^osjj^D^kumer^ijkumer^, 

^. A waste land cleared for 


'^o^^^:^^ kumeru, s. The south 

^oo5os;^5^^ kuyilavuni, see ^ja 

=?^oojoo^ kuyukti, ^. Craft, cun- 
/^ool>J5DO^ kuyuluni (^oodoo^), 
s'. 71. To inflame, as the eyes, 
or a boil. 
=CTjd kura, see ^js'do^oo. 

V^jD kuri, s. A boil. cro.3o_ a 

small boil. 
I ^jD23c)S^ kurijat\i, see "^o-dodiT)^. 
\ =^oO?i^D^ kurinir^, s. A mixture 

of lime and turmeric water. 
^/=3'0DS5c^,^^^^--'c^^uripuni, kuri- 

yuni (^«^^), z'. n. To decay, 

rot, putrify. 
-^i^^it^ kuru, adj. Little, small. 

s/'S^jdJoeJo kuruntu, s. A small 
bundle, as of rice etc. 2. a 
lump, as of tamarind etc. J%. 

v/=^odoolb^ kuruntuni (s'o^ooO), 
V. n. To contract, shrivel, 
shrink in. 

-J=3^odoo2t;o^ kurumbil^, ^.-C!urled 
hair. 2. see ^o"do8!)^. 

=aodo kuru 


=s^j^^r kurna 

xs^odo^oe^ ?2, =CTjdo^je& kurukuc- 
cane, kurukucci, s. Grumbling, 
^odo^ff kuruci, see "^ct^ir. 
^odot3D3^ kurujatu, s. A moiclore. 
J^od02;o kuruji, see 7(0^^. 
^ =^jdod kuruda, adj. Blind. -^?i 
'g'jdoGDOSj kurudayi,^^^^^^^^->. 
y ^s'odor^j kurudu, rt;^//'. Blind. 
^s'odjdosjoofo^ kurudumannii, ^^^ 

"^^^odd^CiQ kurudumari, see ^0 

V ^s'jdjcl, ^odol kurude, kurute, s. 
A blind man. 
^odozo^-S-o^ kurubakil^, s. A 

postern, backdoor. 
=3^0 do 200 kurubu, s. The eyebrow. 
J'S'jCozS kurube, s. A shepherd. 
A's'odod kurule, ^^^ ^odr. 
'S'odjsS kuruve, see "^oSf. 
=5^odj?j^o^ kurusal^, s. Servitude, 

slavery, bondage. 
'^d^j^j:>, =^o:5JS^ kurupa,kurupu, 
s. Deformit}^, ugliness, adj. 
Deformed,, ugly, ^s^o'djs^ an 
ugly man. 
J'd^^ kure, s. Filth, dirt. 2. 
swamp, pool. -^^ stinginess 
in trifles. — ^^ decayed skin. 
— ^e^ a poor life, half-alive. 
— -rfoofi filthy soil. 
J'^odob^, ^od^^ kurepini, kure- 
puni (^^^), V. a. To bore, 
scrape, excavate, drill. 2. 
5^^ ^js-^Sb^. 

k=ao6odoj^, =cto6;3^> kureyuni, ku- 

revuni (^^■^), ^'. :?2. To be worn 

out, washed away. ^. to decay, 


-^=3^062;^ kurel^, ^. The nape of 

the neck. 
-/=s*o^a)r^^ kurkavuni, c.v. {of 
^o^o-c^). To shake, agitate. 
2. to wash well, as clothes. 
^^s'o^re;^ kurkil^, s. A kind of 
=3^o=^^r^ kurkuni (^^^^), v. n. To 

shake, as a tree ^/^. 
=^0=3^0 5^ do kurkuru, adv. Slowly. 

_^02io^^ to shut slowly. 
'^^t'^'p kurke, sec aj^^f. 
=3^020^ kurni, ^i?^ ^o^r. 
=aoz§F kurci, 6\ A chair, seat. 
^=3^oz&r kurci, ^. A kind of fish. 
=3^o23"3F3^ kurjatiji, see ^^-^odiT)^. 

=5^oc3«)ro5o kurdayi, s. A large 
black beetle that destroys 
the core of palm-trees. 

=3'o^FEOJ?)do, =3^odor kurdibiiru, 
kurdu, s. A kind of creeper. 
V =3^0:^0 r kurdu, sec "^o-dctzio. 

=^o:^or5Joof^ kurdumannijL, s. Soil 
or earth impregnated with 
the poison of kurduraari. 

^oC^jFsl)0 kurdumari, s. A kind 
of poisonous vermin. 
J'S^dF kurde, see '^oTio'd. 

J=3^oJr, =3^oiro^ kurte, kurtel^, s. 

Dirt, filthiness. adj. Dirty. 

J=^oi'^s3 kurtele, s. A filthy man. 

^0(3e)r?o* kurnasiji, s. Snoring. 

^^^F kurni 


=^05/ kusa 

=^o^r kurni, ^. A sore in the eye- 
lid. — ^of^ sore eyes. 
=^J3^r kurpu, s. Manure, fer- 
tiliser. -Ti^o^^ to be fer- 
/=^o^r kurpu, ^."Sharpness, as 
of a cutting instrument. 2. 
dissection, -aeb^ to dissect. 
=^J2:)FO* kurbili^, see ^o-doos!)^. 
' =^j20or kurbu, see ^s^jt^osoo. 
=^jo:;ojr^ kuryuni, see ^oaodoo^. 
/=g^co^F kurlu, ^.^Contraction, 
shrinking in. 2. parching, 
'g^O'i^rD, =^0^0 F kurlari, kurlu, s. 

Parched rice. 
J^Ci^^F^ kurluni (?ro^F), 7;. ^. 
To be contracted, to shrivel, 
shrink in, as from cold; also 

-i^^o^F kurle, s. A tender plantain 
tree. 2. a young pig. 3. the 
fresh shoots of grains elc. 

=^j53F5:!oc3^r kurlemardi^, s. A 
kind of bitter medicinal root. 

^oS3^Fo5o kurvayi, see "^ozszfosj. 
/^s'osjf kurve, s. ^A basket. 2. 
distension. sooaS "^o^f ^yo,^ 
the belly to distend. 

"^^t^fqC^ kursandi, s. A kind of 
sesamum imported from the 
ghauts. — oDOj? sesamum oil. 

=g^o?oFrJ kursani, see t5^oTjo?is^. 

=^j;Cjf kursu, ^. A cross. 2. ^^^ 

=3^0^ kula, ^. Family, race, tribe. 
— c2e^5 a family god. — z^^^or, 
^oe/se^DTJ duties and customs 

pertaining to a family or 
caste, -^oi one who belongs 
to a good family. — ^W-^?) a 
caste ^r family to be degen- 
erated or ruined. 

^o^j kula, see ^0^. 

=aOe; kula, ^. A sweet preparation 
consisting of cocoanut juice, 
jaggory, ripe plantains, and 
cardamoms; also ^0^. 

V=^o^, =^0^^ kula, kulavu, s. A 
kind of creeper. 
=^o^oeo kulanji, see ^060^. 
=3^0 ^0^0 kulayi, s. A kind of cap. 

=5'os:i)o^02^ kulankusa, adj. De- 
tailed. 2. whole, adz'. In 
detail. 2. wholly. 

=aOOe)?i^ kulasi^, ^. Discharge, 
acquittance, letting go. 

=aO©s5, =^0^0^ kulipe, kulupe, 

see ^os?^. 

=5^o0?c^ kulina, <^^^'. Noble, honor- 
able. ^oOejS a nobleman. 
V^aod kule, ^. A ghost, apparition. 
—33-d continual fever. 

=5^053o2o kulenji, s. A plot of field. 

=5^0 q3 kulpe, see =5^0 eD^. 

=3^jSJe) kuUa, ^^^ a^oe;^. 

CO '^ 

=3*02:^ sj^ kullavuni, see ^ow^^^i. 
v/=5'u€7^ kullige, ^. The buttocks. 

=3*0 sj^ kuvaka, see ^0^^. 
4=3^0^3 kuve, <s". A mast; also ^0^ 

J=3*os3 kuve, ^^^ ^J3^. 
=3^0^ kusa, s. The holy grass. 
Poa cynosuroides ; also ^^f. 

tS^osJ kusa 


=5^0^ kuli 

^0^^ kusala, s. Cleverness, skil- 
fulness. 2. welfare, happi- 
ness, adj. Clever, expert, 
able. -2^^^ keen wit, quick 

=CT03«)O^, kusal^, s. Merriment, 
pleasure, frolic. — ■5js?a vene- 
real disease. — ^^o^^ to be 
merry, to lead a debaucher- 
ous life. 

iB'o^kusi, J. Joy, pleasure; hila- 
rity. 2. will. 3. agreement. 
oi?i~ as you like, as you 

xS^j^oJ)^, =5^o^oioo^ kusipuni, ku- 
siyuni (^^^), ^. n. To contract, 
shrink in. 

^0^ kushi, see ^o^. 

=g^j^, kushta, see =??j3si.. 

"^0^ kusa, see ^o^. 
-/=t^.;^s3 kusave, s. A potter. 

=cto?s-$)g^ kusali^, ^^^ ^0^;)^. 

=^o^c5^, =3*0 'j^ kusini^i, kusini, ^. 

A kitchen. 
^j^^^ kusipuni, 5^^ ^o^;^^. 
=^jA:D kusiri, ^^^6^ ^o^. 

=s^o?^jo23 kusumbe, ^. The safflow- 
er. —0^056 safflower oil. — soor© 
a deep red colour. 

^g'j^^o^j^ kusukuni, see ^o?io^^. 

J'5'o?oo^o?oo kusukusu, see Xo?ij 

=^o?oJtO kusubi, s. The safflower. 

^CToXjEt^o kusuma, s. Tlie filament 

of a flower. 2. the pollen of 

a flower. 
\ iSo^CiD kusuri, s. Any thing given 

to boot, when a person buys 
commodities. 2. see ^o^. _=^js 
liF^ to give something into 
the bargain. 

"d^Tiozio kusuru, s. A bit, trifling. 
adj. Little, few. 

=g*j;^odo^ kusuruni (^o?jo&), ?;. n. 
To shiver. 2. to shrink in, be 

=^o?jo^o kusulu, s. The small 
bead of a nose ornament. 

=^j;^o^ =^o?3^^^ kuseli^, kusel^, 
^. Ingenuity, cunningness, 
a sly artifice. 2. wittiness, 
—•^^^^ to play tricks. 

=5^o::!o,^ kuskuni (^^oJj), t;. 72. To 
shrink, give way, sink in. 2. 
to sprain. 

=?^OrOjjkusti, ^.Gymnastics, wrest- 
ling. —7^200^^, —•^•^0^^ to 

^'^dk. kusri, .s-.^he pulp or soft 
i part of a fruit. 2:^see ^o^5. 
=3^036^ kuhaka, adj. Fraudulent, 
deceitful. ^o^^ a cheat, 
J =5*0^ kula, s. A tank or pond. 
=3^0^=5* kulak|^, ^6'6' =^js^^. 
=s'j^'^sJJS)od^ kulamandra, j. Dried 
juice of mangoes or jackfruit. 
'3'js;^S3c)D^ kulavary, s. Details. 
2. item by item. 3. a list of 
creditors, debtors, elc. 
=^o^sS kulavu, see ^oe;^. 
"^^tM kulige, see 7<o^7(. 
J=groS?s5)^ kulipuni (=5^«:>^), z'.a. To 
sting, as an ant. 

^j^ kuli 


^J^^ kudi 

=5^os?s5 kulipe, s. The large black- 

■=CTjs;^jo^o^ kulunkuni (s^o^oo^), 
7'. a. To wet, moisten. 

=3^o^o=5^o^j kulukulu, see Xo^oao^o. 

=3^0 ^OoS kulupu, s. A piece of 
black stone elc, with a device 
^^^ inscription on it to be used 
as a seal. 

^o^vj^ kulupu, see ^o^^. 

^j^^j^^D^ kuluvar^, i^^f ^o^^&. 

=s^0TO4c^5 =a^<53"5^^ kullavuni, 
kullapavuni, c. i'. {j?/ ^o^o^^) 
To make sit, to employ. 

^o%^A^ kulluni (^^^J, '6'.^. To 
sit, sit down. 2. to lodge, 

=g^j3 ku, .y. Response, responding 
to a call. 2. alarm. — s^t^o^ 
to respond to a call; to give 

=ctJ?o=^ kunke, .?. Shortness of 

=S^J3o=^ kunke, s. The mock tri- 
bute given in a kind of game. 

=CTJ5oid kunja, see =5^0 oa^. 

=5^JSoz3 kunji, .y^'^ XjaoaS. 

=3^JSo2£a^ kunjeliji, ^. A kind of 
weel for catching fish. 

^S^JSo^o^ kuntuni, sec ^jsWj^. 

=aJ?)o:l23^, =3^JSozlj5^j kundel^, 
kundolu, .y. A wasp, h^— a 
large yellow wasp. 

,=^JSo^o^, =s^j3o5j)c^ kuntuni, kiim- 
puni (^u-sog, ^j3o), ^;. a. To 
peck, strike with the beak. 2. 
to prick a hole. 3. to put out. 

=^JS^ kuke, ^5^ ^J3o^. 

J^^j^r^-:^ kug^u, s. A cry, excla- 
mation, outcry. 

Vt^JSrlo^ kuguni (^j^^), t/. 72. To 

cry out. • 

=5^X2;^ kuci, s. A small goglet, 

filled with water and placed 

in a demon-shrine. 

=?^JS^ kuje, s. An earthen goglet. 

>/=CTJSy kuta, s. An assembly, 
meeting. 2. mixture, amal- 
gamation. — ^jst^o^ to as- 
semble; to conspire. 
=ao5)eio5o kutayi, s. Storing rice, 
granary etc. — sjsc^o^ to store 
=5^j?;£Jo kutu, s. The inner roof 

>/ of a house. 2>the hip. -si? 
L^^, -sjDc^j^ to place the roof 
on the wall, —itt-dj^ to con- 
struct a roof. 

J'^J^'t^d^ kutuni (^jaO), z'. ^/.' To 
sharpen.'^2. to mix, mingle, ^js 
Oa, ^jauoa sharpened; mixed, 
^J365€, =5^js&5ja^ sharpening ; 

y^s^JSL^ kuda, (^^7'. With, along 
with, together with. 
=^j?):o3J?5 kudapane, s. A small 
country water-lift. 

y^J5C5e)Si?i, ^.'?)^?j^33c^ kudavuni, 
kudisavuni, ^."6'. (^'/"'s^jsc^o^) To 
join, connect, unite. 2. to 
collect, gather. 3. to amass, 
store. 4. to mix; also ^jitz^S 

->^JS^rikudige,.y. Joining; union. 
2. collection. 3. assemblage. 

^j-^^ kudi 


'^J^O kuli 

gathering. 4. storing. 5. 

nI^J5^?;-o?j kudisuni (^jsl^oj), v. a. 
To add, sum up. 

=3^j?c^o kudu, see Ajsiio. 

^jsdj=^^, =5^J3dorieaf kudukatt^, 
kudugatti^, s. The association 
6?r union of the members 
of the same caste or family. 
J =S^JS^j^ kuduni (^jsS), 7.'. a. To 
join, unite. 2, to cohabit, 
copulate. 3. to embrace, 
adopt. V. 71. To meet, as- 
semble, gather; also ^js^S eo 
SiF^. 2. to be mixed, mingled. 
^.c.dat. Can, to be able, be 
possible. "^^U^-^^ that which is 
practicable <?r possible. ^j3c^o5 
cannot, <3;j od?5S ^jst^oS I can- 
not, it is impossible for me. 
?rjscioa impracticable, impos- 
sible. ^j3(^oQ^4 an impos- 
sibility. "^^T^o^ not being 
able, or practicable, ^js^q, 
?rjacliD, ^jsa^ joint, attached; 
assembled ; as^ ^v^a 3dji the 
assembled people, ^js^ cTOoSj 
a partner; an adherent, ^ja 
a^cTO?^ a concubine, ^jszfjse is 
it possible, can I? etc. 
=5JSrJ kuni, see sojs^. 

=3^J3c^o kunu, s. Pudenda, Puden- 
dum rnulicbre, 

f^j^:i^ kutale, see '^o^e. 
J^jsa kudi, s. The anus; poste- 
riors. 2. viembrc muliebre. 

^JSri kuni, see sojs^. 

'^S^zi^h' kumaki, see ^o^j^. 
=CTJ5oaj^j^ kuyiluni, ^^^ ^.^jOcxira 

>/=^j?>doF^a^ kurangel^, ^. Drow- 
siness, sleepiness, —^-^^i^^, 
^ji-do-R6 a drowsy man; a 
^J^Doz:;^;^ kurambilu, s. A kind 

of medicinal plant. 
'S'JSD kuri, s. A kind of weel for 
catching fish. ~ti^h^ to set 
it; 7%-. to ensnare a person. 

he will not get into one or 
the other kind of weel ; what- 
ever you do, you will not 
catch him. 

«/=ctjsCo kuru, s. Boiled rice; 7'/^. 
— ?fso3j5 rice and curry. 
=g^j?)do kuru, s. The dusty sub- 
stance contained in the fibrous 
covering of a cocoa-nut. -soo 
<3|^4^> to remove it. 

>/^J30o^ kuruni (^js^), 7'. ^^.^To 
be drowsy, sleepy. 2. to 

J^J$>66 kurele, s. A sleepy fellow. 

2. a sluggard. 
^jsjp kurte, see =#is-d^. 

J=aJ3c3'sroSj kurnayi, .y. A fierce j 


=^J3sJor kurma, s. A turtle, 

tortoise. — 2f)^3;)-d Vishnu's 

second incarnation, as a 

turtle. p^^^ 

^Je)2;o^o2{ kulankusa, ^^^ ^s^oe^o 

J^JSC) kuli, J. Plire. — nsoSb a 

hireling, labourer. 

=3^J30 kuli 


'^ozi kenda 

^j^O kuli, s. A tooth, -^e^ 
tootli-ache. -t^i^cdoo^ to gnasli 
the teeth. '^%- swelling of 
the gums in teething. 
^jsCio;j3D^^, =^J3o^^^c^ kuliya- 
vuni, kulyavuni p.?e3od5«), ^ja 
e;so), 7'. <^. To make faces, 
mock, mimic. 
^=aJ^^^ kulu, see ^jstjo. 

=u'JS?;Oo^ kulyuni, see ^oodooe;o^. 
J'S'JSsS kuve, ^. Arrowroot, Cur- 
cuma angustifolia; also ^^ 

-i =5^J3s3 kuve, ^. A mast; also ^o^- 
=^J3s3^^ kuveka, see ^o^s*. 
^JS?oogp kusambri, ^. A kind of 
condiment made of minced 
and fried i^ulse or other vege- 
'S'JSoo^ kuhaka, see t^^^^. 
>/=^JS^ kula, see sojss;^. 
=^J3^ kuli, ^^^ ^JseS- 
=3^05^07^ kulinge, ^. An irregular 
■^=^J3^o kulu, ^^^ ^^^>^- 
<:i kriita, <3:^'. Done, made. s. 
Improvement; repairs; addi- 
tion. —-^^Ov^^i to improve, 
as land etc. 
^s^gti i krutajnate, s. Gratitude. 
^x^o^orl, =5r^3i)OJoor\ krijitayuga, 
krijtayuga, s. The primeval 
golden age of the Hindus. 
=^\3^q^r krutartha, adj. Success- 
ful, fortunate, happy. 
=5'^^B kruti, s. Verification; 
literary composition. 


^.^^ kr^tike, s. The Pleiades. 
^^^^0, =a^^s^o kruttima, krix- 
trima, s. A trick, artifice, 
deception. 2. sorcery, witch- 
craft, adj. Fraudulent. 
=g^v^« kr^tya, s. An action, act. 
2. duty, conduct. 3. any 
thing proper to be done. 

kriipe, s. Grace, mercy, 
compassion, favour, ^s^so^^, 
=^33d?>)a::^ ///. the ocean of 
mercy; the all-merciful God. 
=^x^ kr^mi, see -^j^- 
^x ^, =?^^ krushi, krushe, s. Agri- 
culture, husbandry. 
=^N^, ^N^ krushna, krushne, s. 
Krishna, the eighth incarna- 
tion of Vishnu, adj. Black. 
— ^^ the dark lunar fort- 
night. — ■^'>)^ a buck antelope. 
^TiTiF a kind of black-serpent. 
7=^0 kem, ken, abdrev. 0/^04 red. 
=^orioD3^ kengann^, see =^ec^o^. 
'ioTidd kengude, s. An obstinate 
or refractory person, block- 
head. 2. one who has no 
feelings, a cruel man. 
=^02^, =^02^ kenca, kenci, adj. Red. 
2. fair. -^^^^ red whiskers. 
-^wo^^ to get red, become red. 
=^otido^ kenjaruni, see ^^e;o?). 
^oti kenja, see ^od. 
J^o^^^ kenjelu, s. The udder. 
=^o^J5)^^ kenjola, s. A red kind 

of great millet. 
"ioni kenda, see ^ori. 


=^oC3«) kenda 


=id kedda 

^ocjssjd kendavare, see ^o^^. 

A"^o^), =^o?2 kenni, kenne, j. The 

=^oSJ^. kempatt^, j. Reddish- 
ness. ^^*. Reddish. 

^oscIOkempalli,^. The red kind of 
water-lily, Nymphaea rubra. 
\ =#0^ kempu, s. Redness. 2. a 
ruby. 3. chalcedony. — ^of^ 
red eyes; glaring eyes. — ^oo 
20oc^ squash-gourd, Cucurbita 
maxima. — eS^ a reddish scurf 
generally affecting new-born 
infants. — ^^ the red wool or 
hair of animals. — ^^ a red 
kind of the vegetable Amaran- 
tus oleraceus. — 20;de3 the red 
spinage, Basella rubra, —so 
r©^ red colour. —-^oU red 
soil. — ^«j?)?s3 a fair complex- 
ion. —•Ss^9iT\ scurf. — -rfos^^Ov^ 
to make r^d. — t^yo^^j to turn 

=^c20jcl kembude, s. A kind of 
J ^05^0 kemma, ^^^ =^5^^^- 

^os^rl kemmade, s. Dust. 2. dirt. 
3. a kind of red insect; a 
glow-worm. 4. canker. — "^e 
Si?) to corrode; to infest. 

^^os^o^sxri kemmamrviga, s. A 
kind of deer. 

'S'odoD'SO^ kemmaral^, J. A ruby. 
2. a kind of red flower. 

■uo^Je)?? kemmis^, J. Red whis- 
•^^odro^ kerndel^^, s. The udder. 

V=^^, ^-^o^ kekki, kekkil^ji, s. 
The neck, throat, —-d aj& the 
pit of the throat ; also #t?^ 

^^-^ ^^4- -^^ ^^'^- the neck 
and ear; a complete set of 
jewelry. -^oow^ up to the 
neck or brim. —^ ^oo^j the 
nape of the neck. — ^oc^jsq^ 
to cut the throat; to de- 

=^t;3C!o^, '^td^o^ kejaruni, keja- 

luni, see XiSejo^, •K'&^:>^. 
=^^^0 ^ kejelpuni, see Xdao^^. 
^tt kejja, ^^£^ 5^%. 

to ^ 

J^eJ. ketta, <3'^". Bad, base, vile. 
— Xor© a bad disposition, de- 
praved nature. —2^% a base 
kind. -^N wickedness. -^^ 
^^ bad conduct, -si^i^ bad 
language. -u^oxa a bad 

•^^xi., =^d=5^ keda, kedak^, sec 

i^Tk^ kedake, ^. An oppressor. 

;J=^2^r(j^ kedaguni (^^^), v.irlllo 
fall (^r slip down. v. a.J To 
ruin, spoil; to deflour. 2. to 
remain, be left; also ^t^eojs 

=^do kedu, s. A mole, wart. 

J'^c^j^o keduku, .y. Nuisance, 
damage, loss. 
^d7<, keddasa, ^. A kind of throe 
days* festival among the Tulu 
people about February or 
March, when they go on hunt- 
ing excursions, and eat fried 

#r9 kena 



grains. — ^ ^J^^ a strong wind 

blowing during that time. 
/^r3=^o^,=5r?o,^ kenakuni, kenkuni 

(^r©^, ^^^), V. a. To provoke, 

irritate. 2. to kindle- 
\/^rJkeni, ^. Stratagem. 
#|^do^, ^l^dog^, =^3^do^ ket- 

taruni, kettaryuni, kettaruni 

(^^5, ^^^5), ^'. ^. To feel 

pain in tlie belly. 
'i'^hJK kettige, s. ^Carving, en- 
, graving, chasing. \ 2/setting, 

as jewels. ~^^^ a carved 

stone. — =^2J?j carved work. 
>/€4),^ kettuni (^J,), v. ^.>/To 

carve, chisel, engrave, chase. 
/ 2. to dig slightly. [-^3. to set, 

as jewels. 
=^1^ kette, s. The bark of a tree. 
^ 2. a piece, slice, chip. 
^'§z:fo^, =^do=^ kedunke, kedanke, 

s. The tip of a bird's wing. 

2. a thin layer. 
'€u^=5^o^ kedukuli^, see ^^^6, 
v/^ddo^ kedaruni (^^^), v.n/To 

break out, burst forth, j 2. to 

be excited, irritated. 
^=^a kadi, s. A feather. 
v=aj:$o kedu, s. An artificial tank, 

pool, pond. 
^/€^SJ^^^OQi kedonuni (^As^), z/.^. 

To lie down, rest. 
J^^'^dp kenakuni, see ^f©^05). 
^=1^ kenni, see ^c^. 
--=#^cl keppade, 5'. Swelling of 

the cheeks. ^c^_ swelling of 

the temples and cheeks. 

^'iti.^^ keppatana, s. Deafness. 

=^^?or kepparse, see ^^. 

"ih keppi, s. A deaf woman. 
2. a silly woman. 

=^Q§ keppu, s. Deafness. — "^o^ 
deafness and old age ; dotage. 
— =^Uo^ to behave like a deaf 

i^ti keppe, s. A deaf man. 

#sS keppe, s. The cheek. 2. the 
temples. —f\ s^^o^ to slap 
on the cheek. —di^Tio^^ to 
dislocate the cheek-bone. 

.'^t:) kebi, s. The ear. -«)c§^ 
deafening. — ^oi^o^ pain in the 
ear. -^o5 a boil in the ear. 
—=^4^ a deafening noise. — ^^ 
A an ear-pick. — sIjsi^ half 
deaf. — ^ 2jo^!, _?^4 a male's 
large ear-ring. — ^ ^o^ the 
drum or tympanum of the 
ear. — ^ ^j^zic-R sl male's 
ear-ring. — 20js-do the rim of 
the ear. -^ ^k^yd:i a male's 
common ear-ring. —2ozs^ 4^ 
to give ear, listen. — -^Sceoor^ 
the ear to itch; to hear with 
displeasure. —=5^0^^ to bore 
the ear. — ^er®o^ to hear, 
.listen. — T^jsbr^ to attend, 
give ear. — ^jssIjf =^$r©o^ to 
listen attentively; to over- 
hear. — ^5o7v)^^, — E:5o6ro4oi 
to twist the ear. —t^-ut^r^ 
to turn the ear; to refuse; 

to be fickle. ^^. t?83 ^dd7>'1 
o en 

{lit. have you no ears ?) don't 
you hear? 


=^200 kebu 


"§6 kele 

4=^200^5 kebure, s. A deaf man. 
2. an inattentive fellow. 
=^2o,ejf. kebbattu, see 7(%^^' 
■^L^.eJj^ kebbattuni, see ^so^w^^- 
..=^200, kebbu, see ^ty 
J^SjO, kemma, see ^o^. 
n/=^oSo keyi, ^. The standing <9r 
growing crop in a field, -t^js 
osoL^ to reap the crop, -ci^r 
oi to thrash, 
-l^do^o^ kerantuni, see ^^oeio^. 

'^to kerana, ^^^ Xj^r®. 
vy^dr?, =^u^rJ kerani, kerani, ^. 
Warts. 2. a kind of scab; 

^ds^o kerama, see ^^o. 
^•^6 kere, s. An artificial tank. 
— ^j?>o20o the sluice of a tank. 
— ae^ the illumination of a 
tank. -^^ the adoration of 
a tank with pomp. 
J'^doA^ kerengu, ^. A sweet po- 
tato, the root Dioscorea a- 
"^tofih kererici, see ■o-'do8a. 
V «^6oe;^0Qi kerencuni {^-^o^^), v,a. 
/To scratch the ground, as a 
fowl. 2. to wipe off, as water 
from the ground. 3. to 
crush down a clod of earth. 
■^6^0 kerekiri, sec -^t,-^-^. 
■^StiO^ kerejuni, sec -a^sio^. 
J'§6^^ kerepuni (-^). ^. a. To 
scrape, remove, clear away. 
2. to polish. 
'^6fj kerep^, s. Simplicity. 2. a 
-^ simpleton. 3.^a prattler. 

J=^e^r kerci, s. A knot. -s:^Tli^ 
to tie two cocoanuts toge- 

■€sJr kerpa, s. A slope, adj. 

=^S5e)r^^ kerpavuni, ^. v. (of ^ 
^r^) To cause to kill. 

' "ihF^DQ^d kerpinaye, s. A mur- 
derer, killer. 

^"ihF^ kerpini(^^), "V-a. To kill, 
murder, slay. 

■^'i^F kerpu, s. A kind of ladder. 
— Deb^ to place a ladder. 

-=^^rdj^ kerpuduni (^^rS), ^. 
^. To cause to lean against; 
to place against. 

J^^r^ kerpuni C^^), '^. ^. To 
prop, support. 
=^s5r kerpe, s. A clod of earth. 
^\^~ clods turned up when 
ploughing after the second 
crop, -z^j^-do^ to be cloddy. 
-i=^2Jor kerbu, see ^^r. 
'^s^oro^ kermal^, s. A Pariah 
7=^^, "i^^ kela, kelavu, ;//^/;/. 
Some, few, several. -3^?^ a 
few people. 
=§^7^ kelasa, s. Business, work. 
2. employment. 3. affair, mat- 
ter. 4. advantage. ^<^;6jsao 
80TJc5 it is of no use or ad- 
vantage. ^U,— a had act 6*^ 
affair. ^^— handiwork. 
'^^^ kelasi, ^^'6^ ^e^^;. 
3^^oc3 kelenji, ^6^' ^e3o2S. 
=^53owo kelembu, ^^6' -^eSoe!). 

"§6 kele 


=^^^^ keni 

^/=^d^o^ kelekuni, see ^e3^j^. 
^^s333)^ kelepuni (^^), v.n.^'To 
crow, as a cock. v. a. To 
^deoo kelebu, i-^^ ^eSoeS. 
€d5S^ kelevuni {^^). v. n. The 
ears to tingle. 
-i#'dro, =#s3?5 kelesi, kelese, s, A 

i:-^^ kellu, ^.'''Brink, edge. 2. 
J vicinity.' 73. a splinter. 
=^e;o r\odj kelluffuru, ^. A toe nail, 
—sio^ a wmtlow. — ?jo^ Sisgi^?) 
a whitlow to rise. 
^^d, =1^^ kevade, kevude, see 

v^?^D^ kesar^, ^. Mud, mire. 2. 

=^;^D^^e:^ kesar^kalli^, s. A foun- 
dation stone. -sjDc^o^ to lay 
a foundation. 

^?ido^ kesaruni (^;^S), 7,'. n. To 
be inflamed, as the eyes. 

^?udjr kesarme, ^. The remain- 
ing symptoms of a sickness, 
before complete recovery. 

=^^o=aof53^ kenkannu, s. Sore eyes, 

=^^o=^or33J-^ kenkannapakki, s. 
The black Indian cuckoo. 

=^^0=^00^00^ kenkariyuni, see ^o 

'^^o^/^o^, =^^0^^.07 kenkrakal- 

O oo 


1^, kenkraliji s. A kind of red 
=^^=a keka, ^. Taking and giving 
goods on credit. — crooSo a 

customer. -doX^ a shop 
supplying goods on credit. 

-^'=^^€ keke, ^. A shout of joy. 
2. a loud laughter, -sjst^o^ 
to shout joyfully; to laugh 

i^^^x^ kedi^, s. Mischief, evil. 
2. danger, disaster. 3. loss. 
4. perdition; alsa"^^'^. — ^dsj 
evil times. — e?b^ evil or 
• danger to happen, -^o^o^^ 
to do mischief. — eo^ocioo^ to 
wish evil. 

J'i^ziA, =^e^or^ kedage, kedinge, 
J. A mischiefmaker. 2. an 
instigator. o)t5_ a bad ^z* 
mischievous neighbour. 

J'§^£^^^ kenuni (^?i^), t^'. ;2. To 
hear, be attentive to. 2. to 
obey. 3. to ask, inquire, re- 
quest. =^ee^o^o3o a hearer; 
an inquirer. 
■^^s^, =^e^o kstu, ketu, s. The 
dragon's tail or descending 
node, reckoned by Hindus 
as the ninth planet. 2. a 
standard, flag. 
=^^i kete, s. A glutton. 

^'i^z^ kedijL, i'. Mud, soft clay. 

■/=^^cio5o, =^^C3^o5o kedayi, kedayi, 
.y. The flower of the tree 
Pandanus odoratissimus ; 
also^'^^'&y ^o-R^h^~ a gold 
head ornament. 

=^^rfD^^JS^^ kedarumin^, s. A 
kind of fish. 

=^^^^0^ keniru, ^. The serous 
matter of a boil. 

^^cS kene 


'^^ kei 

J=^^^ kene, s. A kind of yam, 
Arum campanulatu7n. "5i)o 
'^\— Dracontium polyphtl- 
J=§^^^ kepale, see ^^^^. 
^<lh^^^ kepijin^, s. A red ant. 
=^^3g kepu, s. The cap of a 
musket, eU. 
-i^^^e;, =a^^^^ kepula, kepula, ^. 
The shrub Ixora coccinea. 
— ^ its flower. 
=^^23j?;C9o kebonya, ^. Hot ashes. 

=^^do kema, ^. A blow, hit, box. 
2. meal, food. 

^^oSj keyi, ^^^ ^oso. 

«^ed^ kerala, ^. The province of 
J^^D keri, J. A street, lane. 

-i'^^^ kere, s. A kind of harmless 

J "^^ds^D^ kerekari^, .y. A scaly- 
skinned leg. 

=^^d20J3do kereburu, s. A kind of 
i ^?6;5o^oao keremeyi, s, A scaly 

=^^s3f kerle, .y. A sound, noise. 
2. the mid-rib of a sago palm- 
leaf; cf. ^?3ie3. ^?5 iei- a 
kind of scoop for irrigating 
a field. 
J^^S3^ kely, s. The abode of a 

^^^7i2o kevaji, j. A kind of fish. 

^^d^ kevala, adj. Entire, sole, 
absolute, excessive, adv. Very 
much, entirely — ssSb a great 

sinner -t^e^ great friendship 

— 3:)!^^ a very poor man. 
J=^^sJ kevu, ^. Boat-hire. -^ 

Sj^ a hired boat. -crooSo a 

=^^2^ kesa, s. The hair of the 

=^^2Jd kesara, ^. A filament. 2. 

pollen. 3. the tree Mesua 
=^^2JSj kesave, s. Vishnu, one 

who is worshipped. 2. a 

man's name. 
^^?i^ kes^, s. A male's superior 

upper garment, made of red 

"i^ti^ kesari, s. A lion. 2. the 

filaments of a flower, ^oo^o 

^i>- Spanish saffron. 35:^_ 

the filaments of the lotus. 
^^?os3or kesarme, see ^T^^r. 
M^ kei, ^. The hand. 2. a sleeve. 

3. thehandle of an instrument. 

4. a branch t?^ leaf of a plan- 
tain tree. 5. the arm of a 
river, elc. 6. a key. 7. a lot 
of fiv^e, as nuts, sheaves of 
hay, ek.; cf. =3^030. .-©^^r a 
handful; willingly, liberally. 
— to5 the hands and legs. 
— ^^the hand proper, consist- 
ing of the palm and fingers, 
united by the wrist to tli 
arm. —^^i^a. the knuckles of 


the hand. — osj^, see ^^Xor©. 
—3^5 as long as the hand. -S 
§f^ subject to, dependent on. 
-c^ja-d beyond the reach of 

^y kei 


% ^ei 

the hand, f^^— , Sj^- under- 
hand; collusion. ^od~ the 
arm of a river, rfoao— , rfo 
■^_, n<;^ _, ^si _ the left hand. 
^S— the handle of a plough. 
^^— side by side, closely. 59 
^. 5Stf=f(S f^B ej^e3 a child at- 
tachedto its mother. 2oej_, 20 
oi^ the right hand. 83eAsi- a 
key. ^s^f^— the ornamental top 
of a pillar supporting a roof; a 
roof projecting from the trunk 
of a tree. ^^"^^ the palm of 
the hand, ^ooot^^ the elbow. 
^e^^^rf^r^ ///. to strike the 
hands against the ground ; to 
curse. — ^c20 handful; libe- 
rally. -^ S^jj?) to come to 
hand, be within reach of the 
hand; to be caught. — ^ 2^ 
osoK ^h^ lit. to be service- 
able for the mouth and hand ; 
to succour, help, as a grown 
up son to his parents. — ^ 
sroosoK ^h^ lit. to glance at 
the hand and mouth; to 
covet. — ^wo^^ to cross or 
tie the hands. —^^^t^ to 
expect or seek help ; to watch. 
_=5^jz^j^^, —^s'ozioi^O)^ to shake 
or dust off the hand. — ^jszs^ 
4^^ to join hands, as in 
marriage, ^^jsi^j^ to attain, 
gain; to succeed, prosper. 
-^jsbr^ to shake hands; to 
help, assist. — a^Dus^^ to draw 
the hand back. — a^^-do^ the 
hand to slip; to slip from 

the hand. — ^.^eri^4?>, see — ^js 
131)4^. — ^js^rSoS) to close the 
hands, ^^wo^^ to clap the 
hands; to pat on the back. 
— ^c§4^ to stop the hand. — ^ 
g^5 DeL^^ to misplace, miss; 
to place out of reach, —h 
^^J^ to settle one's hand in 
writing. — ^b^ to feel the 
pulse; to observe the palm 
of the hand, as a palmister. 

^Oo), — ^^Oj^, —dja^o^o^ to wash 
the hand. -ss^jS) to dip ^;' place 
the hand on the head; to 
ordain. ~^^t^ to lift the 
hand; to threaten ; to assault. 
— ?ic^sj^4^ lit. to direct the 
hand; to intermeddle; to 
. manage a business. — ^t^s^^ 
lit. the hand to move; to be 
energetic or able to work; to 
succeed in any undertaking. 
— ^ocro^^ to move the hands, as 
when busy. ^t^oT^^ the hand 
to shake, —^j^^^ to re-marry 
a widow or divorced woman. 
-^^^ to stretch out the hand 
in order to receive; to show 
the hand ; to hold by the hand ; 
to marry; to be blessed with 
prosperity. — sj^i^o^ to put or 
thrust the hand into any 
thing; to undertake; to in- 
terfere; to assault; to take 
liberties, as with a woman. 
— 20£io ^ the hand to get tired. 
— zosj^F^S) to grope; to give a 

^^ ksi 


=^5^ keikra 

second coating of plaster ; to 
give permission to eat. -s^e 
Sio?), — 8!)?4^, — 8!)?7jo^ to move 
orwsiYe the hand; to menace, 
threaten, —z^ori^h^ lit. to let 
go the hand; to give over, 
forsake, desert. — sojs-do^ lit. 
the hand to fall down ; to be 
unable to work; to meddle, 
interfere, take part. —'(^^-^^^ 
to lift the hand for strik- 
ing. -T5o;6e;o^ to prepare 
to fight, --^os^^o^^ to bran- 
dish; to assault; to bargain, 
handsel, —"s^ra-do^ to exchange, 
alter. — ^je)-do^ to trans- 
gress, violate; to menace. 

y v/_^o'haJoo^ to close the hands 
out of respect, to salute. 
-•^iDoyj^^ to touch with the 
hand; the hand to reach. 
— ^sdo ?i to rub the hand. 
^4sTl)o:^(yo^ to ease the hands 
after work. — ^^o^^ to press 
or squeeze the hand, -^sj^ 
4^ to ask permission to eat. 
—^eTJo^ to go into one's 
possession, —ts^^^^ the hand 
to get weary or exhausted. 
— sot>^os) to strike a bargain, 
to make a cheap bargain ; 
to promise, assure. — sojsocl)^ 
to attain, gain. 

^)^l3,o*^ kei-attil^^, s. Cooking 
for oneself. 

^x^^d kei-akshara, s. Hand- 

'=^^p'^ kei-al|ji, sec ??^od:^f. 

=#)^^o2o keikanji, ^. Cattle. 
=a^^e3^. keikatti^, s. A kind of 

"i^d keikada, s. A temporary 

loan, without interest. 
=1)^3'^ keikashta, s. Industry, la- 
bour, handicraft, husbandry. 
=^i=3=^rl)=^ keikanike, s. A present 

given to a superior on the 

occasion of a visit. 
'^)p'z)X^^ keikarii, s. The hands 

and legs. -Ti^^ to embrace 

the hands and feet; to cringe. 
=^)^^od, "i^JoU^, =^)^^0od keikin- 

de, keikuntu, keikunda, s. A 

piece of cloth to handle heated 

vessels with. 
^=aoodo, €)^jodo^keikundu,kei- 

kundeli;, s. Poverty, strait. 
'§)^0(iQ keikudari, s. A hatchet. 
=a^=aocJo keikudya, s. Shortness of 

means. 2. poverty, strait. 
=^v^ keike, sec ^^^. 
"^i^^^ keikelasa, s. Manual 

labour, handicraft. — tooS: a 

manual labourer. 
=^)^^JSr?o^ keikonuni, ^'. re/l. To 

hold. 2. to accept, receive, 

=^^^J3^D keikori, s. A kind of 

round or long scoop for serv- 
ing boiled rice with. 
=^>^J3^2;^ keikoli^, s. A walking 

^)^^JS^^ keikola, s. Handcuifs. 
^)^^oJj keikraya, s. Cash. 2. 

purchasing for cash. 

=^>r( keiga 


=i^t> keipe 

"i^r^okif keiganti^, s. Money in 

hand. 2. a hand-bag; 

=^^^i^(^?^' keigargasu, s. A hand- 

€. A^c^ keigadi, s. A wheel-barrow. 

2. a go-cart. 
=^>rraD=CT keigarike, 3-. Manual 

skill, dexterity; handi-work. 
^^Tiora keiguna, s. The virtue ^r 

efficiency of the hand. 2. 

practice. 3. experience. 
€/(o;^r keigurta, s. A person's 

^)2:ad03^d keicamatkara, s. 

Dexterity, sleight of hand. 

2. manual skill. 
^>e^^«S =^)pD^^^ keicalaki^, kei- 

calakiji, s. Quickness of hand. 
€)^^3CrfD^ keitapaguri^, s. A ges- 
ture made with the hand. 
=a^^s^ keitappu, s. A mistake, 

slip of the hand. 
'i^'d keitale, s. A hand-rope to 

climb a palm tree with. r\)j^ 
'§)idn^ keitadegyi adv. Towards, 
^)^v^ keital\i, adz'. Near, by, 

'i)3'^or\^ keitang^, s. A hand rail 

for supporting when crossing 

a small bridge. 
€>3D°^ keitala, s. A small cym- 
=^)^^ooc^ keitunda, see ^j^-6-od. 

=^^:^o<^D^ keitudaru, s. A hand- 
^ =§^^ keidij, s.^A sword, sabre. 
2. a prison. 3. arresting. 4. 
conclusion, end. ~^t^ to 

conclude, end. — S a?^^ to 
confine, imprison. —•^"■^^^ 
to arrest; to stop, finish, ter- 

'§)d>ozi keidanda, s. An unneces- 
sary loss. 

^ido^ keidande, s. A bracelet. 

"i^pd o keidaddye, s. A kind of 
cake boiled in steam. 

'€xpD6 keidare, s. A marriage 

^)P keidi, s. A prisoner. 

"i^p^^ keidlpa, s. A hand-lamp. 
J^)^dj keidu, see =^^5. 

'i^c^fi keinambige, s. Giving 
or striking the hand in token 
of a promise or assurance- 
-J^^^^Fo keine, A nasty woman, adus, 

=^yS^c^^ keineni^, s. The knot of 
a fishing tackle. 

"i^Si^'d keinota,^. Aim or direc- 
tion of a weapon swung by 
the hand. 

=§)t>^^-i)V^ keipattin%,^. Awife. 

'^)pDU^ keipadi^, s. Gain, ad- 

=^v^ keipu, see ^^^. 

^^d keipude, s. The name of 
a certain class of Pariahs. 

=CT^Qg^o keipulu, s. A rake. 

=^)^^^o keipulu, pi. of ^^^. 
^^■^ keipe, s. Bitterness, adj. 
Bitter. 2. envious. — ^?^ bit- 
terness; envy. — ^t5o a kind 
of fish. — s3302jc5Do3o a miser. 
~-^tS^^^ -a^Toj?) to be very bit- 
ter; to be envious, y?^. 

'§^ keipe 166 

s. Bitterness. 


^'a^^^ keipeliji, 

adj. Bitter. 
^^35e3^^ keiperipuli, s. Bitter 

orange of Atalantia mo7io- 

>i€)^(?r? s^ keipoDjavu, s. A single 

"i^ti^B^ keiphetij, s. A plaint, 

=^)^Eods;^ keibadali^i, s. Exchange. 

2. changing hands. — -^^o^^ 

to exchange; to change hands. 

=^^v2*iD* keibari;, s. A circle. 

=#)iodd) keibaravu, s. Hand-writ- 
er. ^ 

'a^^F:^ keibarkati^, 5". The vir- 
tue or efficacy of the hand. 

^)Eo6=^ keibalike, s. Avarice, 
borrowing readily and re- 
turning tardily. 

=g^^zos? kaibale, s. A bracelet. 

'3^^^T^^2 keibaji, ^.*A small kind 
of chisel. 

%^?D keibitt^i, s. A handful of 
seed sown on the fifteenth of 
Paggu (about the end of April) 
as a beginning of cultivation 

"^iCd^D^ keibirely, s. The finger. 

'i)Zi7^F keibirsiji, s. Sleight of 
hand. 2. quickness of hand. 

=^^)Cv3 keibile, s. Cash price. 

=3^^2^v^^c)o3j keibudtinaye, s. A 
destitute, or unhappy man. 
2. a wicked man. 

ij'iiiui keibedi, s. A pistol; a 

=^)^e3^^ keib3di, s. Handcuffs. 

=^)^cff^' keibevu, s. The neem- 
tree, margosa. 

"u^Do^S keibyara, .s-. Purchasing 
for cash. 

=^SjO keima, s. A small piece. 
— -do^o^^ to chop into small 

"i^^io^^ keimanni;i, s. Fine earth 
used as a rough plaster. 
— ^jsbr^ to plaster with it. 

"i-po^i keimani, s. A hand-bell. 

=^^^02:§ro^ keimarceli^, s. Dome- 
stication, taming, adj. Dome- 
sticated. — s^ ^jseo a tame fowl. 
—■^^^^ to domesticate, tame. 

€^dj^d keimada, s. A funeral 
ceremony. — s^^reii such a 
cermony performed with mag- 

'i^ps^T^/, ^^s^;<i keimasiji, kei- 
masa, s. A slow poison. 

^^;^jjy. keimutta, s. Urgent 

=g'^s3o keime, see ^^e^. 

=^xsSoJo keime tte, s. A kind of 
musical instrument. 

=^\dJ?)^?o keimosa, s. A slip of 
the hand. 

=^50iJ^d keiyara, «^r'. With one's 
own hand; by handfuls; wil- 
lingly; liberally. 

^lOiJS^ keiyali^,^. A dependent, 
an attendant. 

^>Oojc ^^^ keiyyakeiya, ad: 
Hand in liand. 

^ioSjocI keiyyedde, 

s. The virtue 

^^^oSj^^ keiyyo 


^J^o"^ konka 

or efficacy of the hand. 2. 

practice. 3. experience. 
J^^o3j?Q^^^ri, keiyyoppige, s. A 

^^o3J?)o© keiyyoli, s. The mouth 

of a weel. 
#0*, =^)D"33^ keir^, keiratij, s. 

Welfare, health. 2. happiness, 

^^Godjss:' keirumalu, s. A hand- 

-t^^o^^ to attain beatitude. 

^<?^djsoAO ^^^^ to die. 
"^x^s^ keivasa, s. Possession. 2. 

subjection, taming. — e^L^^ to 

submit; to get into possession. 

—•^ct^Os^^ to take possession; 

to subdue. 
'BypiiT^ keivad^, s. Manual skill. 
'^)pDD^ keivari^, s. A pair of 

compasses. — sjdt^o^ to use 


/^p keili^, ^. ^A spoon, ladle. ! 'u^^'^'^^^ keivodaki;, ^. Progress; 

2. the handle of a hoe or axe. 

3. a cluster or bunch of fruits. 
^oritzi—, -sijojs— the handle of 
an axe. sro^— a bunch of 
plantains. — ^jdtI:^ to fix a 
handle; to put forth a cluster 
of fruits, as plantains e^c. 

"i^^^d keilakade, s. The handle 
of a ladle pointed towards its 
end. adj. Very thin, as the 

^^!^:S keilade, s. A kind of cake. 
2. a pigeon hole. 

=^^^Sf, =^i^^^r keilapurli, 
keilapurli, s. A kind of creeper, 
the flowers of which are used 
in curries. 

'6)p'^^6 keilapulire, s. A kind of 
creeper; also ^^So&^^d 

'^^O"3?o keilasa, s. The heaven of 
Siva. — ^c^ a loan irrecover- 
ably lost. 

'u^p'^O keiltari, s. The feminine 
species of palmyra. 

"iypvo keivalya, s. Heaven; 
eternal happiness ; beatitude. 

=5^4'^^?^, %4'5^^ keivoppige, 

keivoppu, see ^i^c^juh^-R. 
"§-36 keisere, s. Arrest, capture. 
€)Xi^ keisatti, s. A round, 

wooden trough with a handle. 
^^6 keisare, s. A Caesar, em- 
=^v=JDo keisala, s. A small or 

temporary loan without a 

pledge. [a wall. 

=^)^?C)J5o£f keisumbe, s. A hole in 
=^^JdJs6 keisure, s. Plundering, 

"a^fij^o^ keisonne,^. A sign made 

with the hand. 
'^)^3oe)^^ keihalita, s. An estimate 

made by the hand, t. e.^ by 

handling a thing. 
^^^ keihidi, s. A vade-mecum. 

2. a warrant for arresting 

a person at once. 
=^j'5)c=CTr3 konkana, s. The Konka- 

na country. 
=CTJ9o=^rJ konkani, ^^ The Konka- 

ni language. 

'^jsotS' konka 




€j3o^?I, =^JSo^flo konkape, kon- f^'^j^o^ kondi, s. wA sting.) ^2. a 

kanye, ^. A Koiikani Brahmin. 

^=^JSo=^ konke, ^. A hook. 2. 
crookedness; ^ ^jst?^. ^^■. 
Crooked, curved, bent; also 
^J3^. —'s'o-rf a crooked field; 
an isolated field. 

J =ij^cT\^ kongi^, s. Irregularity, 
crookedness, adj. Bent, curv- 
ed, arched, irregular. 
=§Ji)or{ konga, s. The declivity of 

( a mountain. 2/a name of the 
Cera or Kerala country. 
=^J3or(D^=tfJ5© kongar^kuli, s. An 
irregular tooth; also =^jaoS25 

^JSoh kongi, ^^^ =^j3?o7\. 

^sJ3o?^o* kongeri^, ^. The lower 
class of Tamulians. 

'^JSoZ^ konci, see "^oozi. 
J^JiioU konta, s. Viciousness. 
2. stupidity. <2^'. Vicious. 2. 
stupid. — ^J3??? a vicious buf- 
falo; a stupid fellow. — stotI:?), 
— sojsi^o^ to be vicious or res- 
tive; to limp, halt. 

^JSo^sJ^ kontavuni, see ^jaeo&js 

^JS)otio kontu, see ^jseowo. 
_l=^Xoc^ konda, s. A pit, hole. 

^.-sii— a fire-pit. 
^vQod^^, =^J3o;::^4c^ kondapini, 

kondavuni, see ^js)OTidz:jhF^. 
•s'JSocs^eJ kondata, s. Praise, 

eulogy, applause. 
^J3ocS2)C^j^) kondaduni (t?jsorn)5), 

z/. «. To praise, applaud, 

glorify, celebrate. 2. to boast. 

hook. "^3. the staple that holds 
the latch of a door, elc. -^4:. the 
clasp of a bracelet; also ^c!i; 

y=^J5odo kondvi, pas I. part (0/^^,2 

-zjDZi^^ to put, lay- 

—zj7)-do^ to run away 

-^'^eL^J to take away, 

convey. -2obr^ to 


'ij^od konde, ^. A liquid mea- 
sure, equal to half a seer, or 
dry measure equal to one- 
fourth or one-sixth of a seer. 
"^ ^2. a hollow piece of a bamboo. 
3. the bush or socket of a 
wheel. -^^ an umbrella with 
a small bamboo handle. 

^^JSodJ^oj^, ^JSc|j5)^^kondopini, 
konopini, see ^jsoil:^?^^. 

=^JSo^ konta, ^. Strength.' 

=^JSo^^ kontala, ^. A large boat. 

=^J3o^^0o^ kontalyuni (t^jso^f). 
z'. n. To burn, ache, pain, 
smart; also =3^jsc^<s'cdoo^. 

^J3o3c)c^ kontana, adj. Bound- 
less, immeasurable. 

€jSo3 konti, s. A kind of fish. 

■^JSo^o kontu, J. The cross-beam 
of a hand-water-lift. 

=^J3oc3 konde, s. A kind of 
-I'^JSod konde, ^- The pudding- 
pipe tree. Cassia fistula. 
J'^JSogj kondra, ^i-^//'. Small, littl 
— "sij^eFasmall garland, rosar^ . 

=^jscsj kompa 


^JS=^ kokka 

JvJlo^, 'iJ^ct kompa, kompe, s. 
A heap. — sjdi^o^ to heap up. 

^jsoso komba, adf. Horned. -^ 
B the pincers of a crab ^/^. 
_i?-rfo&3 a kind of centipede. 
— i?f a scorpion with shears. 
—2^^6 the thumb. — -^oy^eS a 
kind of cap made of the stalk 
of an areca-nut branch. 

=^J3osJO^ komhar^, s. A kind of 
cap worn by Koragars. 

'^JSosodo^ komharuni, see t^ooz:> 
■d^^. [tS6. 

■^JSot^^^JS^^ kombikolijL, see ^jso 

=^wQo?^do^ kombireli^, see ^j3oeD. 

=^siSo"t^s^od kombimara, ^. A mast. 
i=^JSo20J kombu, i'. A horn. 2. a 
musical horn. 3. a tusk. 
4. a branch. 5. spadix, the 
tender flowerbud of a palm- 
tree, prepared for the ex- 
traction of toddy. eA)-5^_ 
the horn of a deer, efrd^—, 

dj22§— , z^6oDe?— , ^jsecf— are va- 
rieties of horned buffaloes. 
3i6 o-^rf- the staff of a palan- 
kin. — crooSo one who blows 
the horn; a proud man. 
— sros^o music with the wind 
instruments. — ?3j3o^ the dis- 
tance of a horn-sound (about 
two miles). — ooss^^ to blow 
a horn. — 20?jr^ the horns to 
appear; to become arrogant. 

"^JSoEw kombe, s. A buck deer. 

=^J3otfo^ kombel^, .r. A horn 
used by a toddy-drawer to 

soften the flowerbud of a co- 

coanut tree in order to squeeze 

out toddy from it. 
#J3oS^0D^ kommari^, see =^jao2o5. 
v/t^jSo^o komme, s. Corpulence, 

fatness, adj. Corpulent, fat. 

— ^j^ajTOoSo a corpulent man; 

an arrogant fellow. - -f^aa:5:>o^ 

to diminish, become thin. — 3i 

^v^ to get fat, become stout. 

~^djs,5 ^t^h^ to become very 

fat, as cattle. 
^^JSohF korngi, s. The branch 

or spatha of a sago-palm. 
>/=^J3oAf-, ^J3or(or-sjOd korngi-, 

korngu-mara, ^. The Indian 

beech tree, Pongamia glabra, 

— rf z^:^-^^ a kind of creeper. 
>/€j9o/ioF korngu, J. A crane, 

=^JSorir kornge, i-^^ ^J3o?\r. 2. a 

white cock. 
=^J3oclr kornde, see ^jstjzI. 
=^J5ocljr korndu, s. The stalk of 

a cocoanut or other palm 

=^J3=^ kokka, ^. The game of 

hide and seek. — seb^ to play 

at such a game. 
=^J3^D^ kokkari^, ^. Koughness. 
#J5=^d, =^J?)=^d, =^JS=CT)d kokkara, 

kokkare, kokkale, adj. Rough. 

adv. On half bended knees. 

_83^^t3 rough and crooked. 

-^0^0^ ?i to sit on half bended 

knees. srooso ?d^^T? "§1 ^jss^^-d 

the words are sweet, but the 

actions rough. 


'^JS^^^ kokka 170 

^jsbi), kotta 

-i =^-Q=5^,CjJ kokkayi, see ^^jse^soso. 

J'ij^^, kokke, s. A hook, clasp; 

c/. =^j?)e5^, — ;^^ii speaking 

crossly. — ^Wo^^ to crouch. 

—E eojsTJo^ to be entangled, get 

into difficulty. 
-\ €ji)=^=aBOS:) kokkekayi, 5-. The 

fruit of the tree Tabernae- 

mo7itana corofiaria. —i 
its tree. 


=^J5^Dodoj^, =^j^=^do^i kokkeri- 

yuni, kokkeruni (=^jst?^5), ^z. ^. 

The hair to bristle or stand 

erect, to horripilate. 
^J3€j5, kokko, s. Boiled rice. 

2. cocoa. 

^j^z^^Jl"^ kocakoca, ^. Lisping. 

—sj^oTJo^ to lisp. 
=aJSz^D^ koccariji, ^. A kind of 

black crab. 

koccippadi^, koccil^, koccel^, s. 

A kind of pickle. 
J €j5^j ^ koccuni (^-^^), 7'. ^. To 

prate, brag. 
^JSS^iolo kojanti, s. The refuse 

or offal of vegetables <?/^., 

from which the juice has been 

^j?;'2aoe3 kojante, s. A thicket of 

thorns. adj. Thorny; im- 
«^JSt^=c^ kojakyi, adj. Over-ripe. 

2. burst, broken. 
J^Ji)W^ kojapu, s. Sour milk, 

J '3'j2ti3g^, =^J32Es3)^, =^J?)^^J^^ 

kojapuni, kojepuni, kojelpuni 

(^.o3i, ^j3cS, ^.5:£^), v, a. To 
spoil. -'2. to break, cut in 

=^JS2^s3jd evjsdokojameda-buru, ^. 
A kind of creeper. 

=^j^Zc:d^ koJanjL, see ^o3d5. 

"ij^idzf kojalu, ^6^^ ^o3i^. 
-i=aJ3i:^^0^, =^J3t3^iJJ^, ^j^zSs^o^ 
kojaluni, kojiluni, kojeluni (^ja 
ai(5", ?^o^^(§, tfu?)>£(5"), 7.'. a. To 
burst, break in pieces. 

^JSeScli kojenti, see t^w^sdo^. 

=^J5^^ kojje, ^. An eunuch. 

.'^JSeJ^a'jsy kotakota, «^'. Defici- 
ent, short, little. ~^o^. small 
quantity of rice or food, -so^ 
?io^ to serve out but little food. 

=^J32J6 kotare, see ^.^^. 

=^j^y^r kotarme, see ^.®w,-^o^. 

^Ji)k^6, =^JS£J^ kotale, kotale, see 

n/=^j?)U. kotta, ^-^ A hut or dwell- 
ing of Koragars. 2. leprosv : 


a leper, a5zcs. 

=ctJsUoe2 kottaiiji, ^.^'^A fruit with- 
out flesh, adj. Emaciated. 

' =^J3y.oS>) kottayi, s:A dried areca- 
uut. 2. contraction, stiffness, 
death, -^wo^^ to contract, 
become stiff', die. 

^JS^d kottar^, see =#j3«j. 

=^J5^Sjor kottarme, s. Steward- 

J=^J3^«),d kottara, s. A palace, 


a store-room. 

#j^bi> kotta 


=^JS^ kodi 

=^J5b«)0 kottari, s, A store- 
keeper, steward. 2. a sub- 
division of the Siidra class. 
=^JSl3.7^ kottige, s. A kind of cake 
boiled in steam. ^^ 

>r=^J5k]o, kottu, 3". /A. spade. 2. a 
cock's comb. '^-3. a peacock's 
tuft. 4. a veil. — sjdt^o^ to 
cover with a veil. 

7=#JS^, kotte, s. The kernel of a 
nut. 2. the testicles. — ^t3o, 


ri to harden, 

_ao35j ^ to 

^^JS^i^ri, kotteagra, see under 

so ^ 


=^JS^5 oj^^cS* kottepijinij, ^. A kind 
of ant. 
>/€j5^,Sjjo^o, kottemullu, s. The 

plant Zizyphus xylopyrus. 
J'ij^Uo kotya, ^. A shed, stall. 
diT)6— a verandah. £5o55_ a 
'^sJSeio'oO kotrinna, ^. A lark. 
J^j^g kotre, i*, A spade. 

=^j^do^vB^ kodankatti, ^. A kind 

of sickle. 
>/=#J3c^oA^ kodangi^, ^^^ ^jsi^o^. 
v/^JSdoT^ kodange, .y. An ear-ring. 
>l=#JSCao?^o kodangye, ^.-'A buffoon, 

jester. 2. .?^^ ^jst^t^ under "^^ 


J =^JSdo23, =^J5)do2^jkodanji,kodan- 
ju, s, A large kind of ape, 
a baboon. e?ei- a devil dancer 
going a-begging in the Tulu 
month of e?&3. 
^JS:^od kodande, s. A kind of fish. 

J=^JSdoc5o^ kodandelijL, s. A snare 
set up for birds. 
^xc^=5^o ^ kodakyana, ^^'. Hot or 
strong to the taste. 

w =^jsdrio kodagu, .?. Coorg. -j^??? 
the province of Coorg. -ep^^ 
the Coorg language. ^"^J^ri-R a 
Coorgman; a turbulent fellow. 
^JSc^scJra, =^JSc:^SJ^, =^JSC^Sj^?^ 
kodapana, kodapana, kodapana, 
.y. A metallic waterpot. 

yj'Sj^zi^DZ^^ kodapavuni, c v. (of 
^jiTi>4^') To ^veld, forge to- 

si^J^d-^^ kodapuni (^^ati), i'. a. 

^' To forge, hammer.''''2. to bite, 

as a serpent, ws. to peck, 

strike with the beak. 

=#.^3a^kodape, s. A kind of bird, 

the hoop. 
=^J5CidooC3s)o3o kodamandaye, s. 
The name of a demon. 

^=^JSdO kodari, see "^orib. 

/=#jsa kodi, .y. Point, end, ex- 
tremity. 2. a sprout. 3. a 
flag, ensign. 4. interdict, 
prohibition. —^'^ a flag -staff. 
~^Tio^ to set up a flag in front 
of a temple as the first cere- 
mony of its car-festival. — ^ 
yo^ci to tie, in the name of a 
demon, a handful of leaves to 
a tree in a forest or planta- 
tion, prohibiting its use until 
their removal. — ai4^^ a flag 
to be lowered as a conclud- 
ing ceremony of a car-festi- 
val. — :2^^ to remove an 


'i.^M kodi 172 

interdict laid on the use of a 
forest, eU. —zj;>rk>?i to deco- 
rate a shed with cloth, efc. 
— ^^ top and bottom ; shelter ; 
progeny, issue. — troo^ issue- 
less- — CTCoSFjDoSo, — ^zfcTOO>§?3D 

oSo a vagabond; an issueless 

J ^JS^og^ kodipuni (^jaS), v. n. 

To bud, germinate. 
7€j3^6 kodire, ^. The top-leaf. 
'^JSdo^j koduku, ^. The hymen. 

adj. Obscene. 
v/€jszI kode, ^. An umbrella. 

-• '^JScloto kodenji, s. The inside 

of the cheeks. 
'^JSdoSo koddeyi, ^. A kind of 

^JSCsoco^, =^J3:^^c3* kodyan^, ko- 

dyan^, s. A small kind of fish. 
=^JS^ p koddye, J. A bull or ox 

with a tuft of white hair on 

the tail. — e5 a cow with such 


a tail. 
-/^JSrs^ konaje, s. A fly infest- 
ing the eyes. 

=§S)sd^ kottu 




konajekallu, ^. A 

large rock near Mudabidri. 

'aJSrSojJi konapini, see ^jso"sl380 
Ibr?) under '^.'^cTio. 

"§^,£26, €j5cIj553 konale, konole, 
s. The weed Papsalum pilo- 
sum. -c^ 83:3 a bad person. 
— rf 3i^^ a kind of bird with a 
very long bill. 

=^JSr?^ koni, .y.^A sting. -eanT^j^ 
to sting, adj. Cunning, de- 

=^J5r^53 konil^, see t^jsc^d 
v/=^JSK)o^) konuni (=^jsfi), t^. w. To 
take, hold, keep, in com- 
pounds with other verbs; as^ 
oDclD- to meet; ^^- to hold, 
keep; ^— to take to heart; 
hTi^- to recognise, discern. 
2. T^jsr^^ (2or©o^) /^ used as 
an auxiliary verb to form 
reflexives ; as^ ^j^^^^^ to be 
careful; <St?j?jr©Or^ to get en- 
tangled; jiTSijsreo^ to walk, 
behave; 23s^-^f^3^^ to prosper, 
do well. Tii^^p3j^ to make 
for one's self. S. /or its past 
part, see ^jscrfo. 

=^j?)fl kone, see ^^jsrS. 

=^Xf|jS^^ konoplni, see =??j^o"rfo 

^jsr? ^) konpini (^js^), ^. ^. To 
4=^j5^c2o3, =^JS^o23o kottambari, 
kottamberi, s. Coriander, Co- 
riandrum sativum; also "^ja 
^ ce!)), ^j8o O20&. _^o&l^, 
— E^42e3 an ear-ornament of 
gold, strung with small corals. 

-''^js^okottala, ^=^-^1,^'' ^^^.S^- 
=^JS^^^^ kottalakatte, s. A 

police station. 
=^J3£j,0rl kottalige, 5. A palm 

branch stripped of its leaves. 
•s^jal^STa^S kottavale, see ^js3Jge5. 

JtIjs;^ ^ kottala, ^. A bastion. 

2. bulwarks. 3. a trough. 

4. a stone pavement. 

=^J3^o kottu, s. A mark showing 

the limit of a liquid measure. 


€jso5j koyi 

'■^'ij^i^ kotte, ^. Trash, dirt. 
'g'JSS^d kotvale, ^. A police of- 
^JSdcli, ^J^cioli?^ kodanti, ko- 
dantige, s. A wooden hammer. 

V =^J9CJC5^ kodad^, s. A chopping- 
'^jsdsSo kodame, s. A blockhead, 

J'iS)^ kodi, ^. Greediness, eager- 
ness. — ^o^^, — aOw-sTJo^ to be 
affected with the evil effects 
of greediness. —7(^^c^ to take 
away the evil effects of greedi- 
ness by charms. — aooS^^ to 

' =^jsa?j^4^ kodipavuni, c. v. {of 
=^js:i^^) To cause to boil. 

J^jsa^^, =^J5S>ol)j^ kodipuni, 
kodiyuni (^js^), v.h. To boil, 

> =^JS)as2o*, ^JSCJjsSe;* kodipel^, 
kodupeli^, ^."^ The act of boil- 
ing. 2. lisping. — 2toS boiled 

J =^JSdaocOokoduinbu,J. Thecymbi- 
form sheath of a bunch of 

J^jsd kodde, s. Stammering. 
2. lisping. — EOTOSocrooSo a 
stammerer; one who lisps. 
=^jsc3 ^^, =^J3doO^ koddeli^, kodye- 
ll^, ^. A highly seasoned soup 
of pulse. 
=^J5^s3, =^JS^53 konale, konile, see 

1=^X^ kone, ^. k point, end, ex- 


J5^ koppa, J. The hut of 
the lowest grade of Pariahs 
called "Marimanseru" ; cf, 

J^^JSsrl^d, =^J33J^S koppara, koppari, 
s. The dried cocoanut kernel. 

J#JS3i Qf\ kopparige, ^.'•A caldron, 
boiler with a wide mouth. 
2. hidden treasure, —^^o^^ 
to discover hidden treasure. 
^JS^^ koppala, s. A cocoanut 
garden. 2. a village of cocoa- 
nut gardens. 

7=^J3^^^^ koppalipuni (^-^^^), 
7'. <2. To gargle, rinse the 

/=^j?)Q§) koppu,^. A female's upper 
earring. — ^ ^oXrsS its screw. 
=^J3^, koppe, ^^^ AoA- 

IvJ^Zj^, =^jS2aO kobari, kobbari, 
see ^js^'cJ. 

=^j?)s5j> komme, ^^^ ^jso^. 

=^JSoio koya, ^^^'. Over, out. 

=^j?)Odo^J30Jo koyakoya, «^^. Ex- 
cessively, exceedingly. -sSX^S) 
to have copious perspiration. 

=^J50Soo^^ koyimpuni, i"^^^ ^"^c^^i. 

=^J3o5oo200?l)t;j koyimbusulu, J. 
A sigh, long breath. — jSs^^, 
_20o5L^ to sigh. 
4=^jso5o^^ koyipini, ^^^ ^^^^^^. 
J=aJS05jG^ koyilijL, ^. Reaping. 2. 
harvest. 3. a small paddy 
field; c/. ^j^€o^. ~7i^^ to 
begin the harvest work. 

=^J5o5o^£j^ koyilatta, s. The jpad- 
dy paid to a reaper as wages. 

=^jXoaj koyi 


€j5d kore 

^JSoS^s^iBj^ koyilatti, s. A scythe 
or sickle. 

J=aJ3o5od koyile, 5. Pudendtmi 
7nidiehre. —zji^ctio:^^ to become 
pubescent, to menstruate. 

-i'^JSOJoOo^ koyyuni, see ^j^^^^. 

€j30iJJo:^o^j koyyusulu, ^^£? ^js 

x/^J3o3joO^ koyyelijL, ^. Harvest. 

=^J3a3j3o^j koyyolu, .s. Bivalve 
shell, Mytilus. 

J =aJ3d kora, adj. Brief, short. 

J =^J3Cioej^ korant^, s. The kernel 
^r stone of a fruit. 2. the 
cashew nut. -^yo .'i the ker- 


nel to be formed in the stone. 
=^jarfo^ korandi, see T?j3-dz§. 

=^J3do^o^ korantuni (t^ja^o^), '6/.<^. 
To pretend to eat, handle food 
reluctantly. 2. to pick, as 
lice from the hair. 

=^J3dos2 korampe, s. A bruise, 
contusion. 2. a welt; c/. "^Tict. 

=aJ3do2od korambara, adv. Abun- 
dantly, plentifully. — eror^^ 
to eat heartily. 

•^JSdo^ korambi, ^. A kind of 

^JSdot::;^^ korambil^, s. A pro- 
tection for a creeper, especi- 
ally for one of a small kind 
of cucumber. 
J *^jac5o:.o korambu, ^.~^A groove 
shaped umbrella, made of the 
leaves of the dammer tree. 
2. a rib. 

'6j^:jo"Ji korambe, s. A swamp. 

=i^M:i^ kora^uni, see ^^Xo^. 
j'^j^^A korage, s. A man of the 
Koragar caste, a tribe that 
feeds on carrion and whose 
women wear leaves. 

i=^JSd2:3, =^j?)C;tc5j koraji, koraju, s. 

A serpent charmer. 
•l=^J3dc3^ korad^, ^.^A log, stump. 
AOij^c^— a X3iece of sandal wood. 
2. see =&jdhFoi. 
=^J3C^ koradi, see ^jscir. 
^J3d:l korade, s. A pollard. 

J=^j?)dvB, "ij^^^i korati, korate, s. 
Defect. 2. want, need; c/. 

=^JSdoi^ korani^, s. A kind of fish. 
J^jsdsj^j korapalu, .y. A Koragar 
woman. 2. a female's name. 
^=^J5d^^ korapuni, .y^^ €ji>-6t^. 

7=#J5cJ32, -uJSdsS^korapejkorapele, 

^. One who snores. 
J'ij^^itiZ)^ korapeli^, s. Snoring. 
v/€j3do^ koraliji, s. An ear of 
corn. ^oj«^ a small or wither- 
ed ear of corn. -^Tiod^^ an 
after-ear of corn. 
=^j3dQ3 korale, see =cf.^ii^. 
=^J9d?doa korasandi, ^^^ ^o^irc^i. 
^=^JS)dv^ koraliji, J^^ =^js-rf6. 
=^J3ds? korale, s. Cold, catarrh; 

J^JSdo koru, J. A bar of metal. 
2;io7^5ji~ a bar of gold. 

=^j3doo?io, ^JSdjori korungu, ko- 

runge, see =^^oXor. 
''■ €js5 kore, <7;/;'. Weak. 2. small. 


rj^d kore 


=§Sj^. koshta 

'§ji6qT\-, =^oQdo25-, "dj^i 


koren^i-, korenji-, koreji-mara, 

see ^j^c^FTiyd. 
v/^jsd^iO^ korejuni (^js^^), 7j. a. 

To make a noise. 
-/^J96^^, =aJ36o2)^ korepini, kore- 

puni (^js^, 7^. ^.^To bark, 
^ roar. ^ 2. to bore; </. ^otSEd^. |7;^j553e3 koleji, ^. A kind of fisb 

=^J56^^ korevuni, see ^otSocSoo^. 
J ^JS^rs;^ korkalij, ^. A kind of 

^JSSoF korji, ^^^ ^-^e^r. 
^JS^F, "^J^^^F kordi, korde, ^. 
A whip, scourge. 
>;^j?sj-sry korpata, ^. Giving, 

>/«aJ5S3-srrf;^ korpavuni, ^. v. {of 
^j?>hF^) To cause to give, to 
give through another. 
>i^^ korpini (^-'s^), t^ a. To 
give, grant, bestow. 2. to 
beat, flog. 
=^j5SJoors^ kormuka, s. Startle, 

sudden alarm. 
'§J^7<iFo^ korsandi, see ^oTiro^. 
'^j^^ kola, see 7(o^. 
=^j?^oe5 kolambe, s. Marshy 

=^J5^=5^ kolak^, see t?js^^. 
J=^J5e;=^ kolake, ^. The third crop 

of rice. 
/"aJS^sSo kolame, s. A very deep 

pit; an abyss, hell. 

v/^^JS^d, =^J3a«)0Sj kolave, kolayi, 

j.\A clasp. 2. the metallic top 

>/ of a cane. sVa hollow tube. 

4^wQ©=^, koiike, s. A clasp, hook 

and eye. —^o:i6 the upper end 
of a female's garment tuck 
up into her necklace. 
J=§J56 kole, s. Murder. 2. see 

=5^od —'i.^-d continual hard- 


ship. [paddy field. 

?j?)^oe3 kolenji, s. A plot of 

#jad kolke, see ^.se?^. 

=aJ3Q3jS,^D kolkori, ^. A long- 
legged fowl. 

=^J30 kolci, ^. Setting on edge. 

'^jsJo^ kolcuni (^-^£.), '^. ^2- 
The teeth to be set on edge. 

=^jsd kolde, see ^jaftr. 

=^J52^^, €J305^d, =^JS^;_jjjd kolta- 

le, koltile, koltule, s. A cross 

beam. 2.'*4 clasp. 
=^J30jfl kolnine, s. A candle made 

of a piece of cloth twisted 

round a stick. 
'^JSe:"?) ^c^kolpavTini, 6'. -6'. {of^:^ 

<^^n) To fasten; to touch. 
=aJ9e;o kolpu, ^. A sprain. 2. 

the cramp. 
/=^J3e;j,^ kolpuni (^s'ja^), ^. ^. To 

stick, cleave, ''come into col- 
lision. V. n. To touch, reach. 
=^jsd kolme, ^. Nicety, delicacy. 

—3 £2?e5 delicate workmanship. 
=^J3e;sdo kollataru, s. A kind of 

small fish. 
^€S)€) kolli, ^. A bay. ''2. a fire- 

brand. — a^^ a firebrand used 

for a light. 
=^j?j^, koshta, s. Leprosy. —^ 

oSo a leper. 

'vJhTi kosa 


=|js^l3 koti 

J ^J^Ti:^ kosari^L, see-^^oT^^. 2. see 

=^JS?jiD,=^JS^,, "ij^T^D,^ kosrakolli, 
kosrali, s. A perverse dis- 
position. 2. tale-bearing. 3. 
an ill-tempered man. 4. a 
J =^JS^o2o kolambe, s. Audrain. 
^ J f2. a bath. adjU Decayed, 
putrid, stinking. 
^J9^=5* kolaki^, s. Nuisance. 
^ ^adj\ Filthy, dirty. 
J=^JS^^kolake, ^^^ ^-32^^. r„^^^^ 
v/^J3°^/i kolaga, s. A measure of 
^JS)^Z§ kolaci, s. Buffoonery; mi- 
micry, jeering. — ^s'yo^ to 
mimic, jest; to play tricks. 
J =^J3vO^ kolaliji, s. A fife. 
#j?)^^ kolala, s. War, battle. 
J'^js^s^ kolave, see ^j^a^. 

^J3^o^ kolpu, see ^fjsejo^. 
J'^JS^J ^ kolpuni, ^^^ =^^e;o^S». 
y^JS^, kolli, J^^ ^J3s3. 
^JS^o=^ konke, i'^^ ^-«o?f. 

'uJt^o'o'^ozi k5nkekanda, .y. An 
uneven field. 
J ^'JS)^or{Qm^ konganu^, s. A squint 
eye; ^. t^jaeoJ- 

=^J?^oA kongi, .y. Ridicule, jest, 
mockery. — ^s'yo^?), —-^o^^x^ to 
make fun, to ridicule. 

'€j^^o'^ konca, s. Extravagance ; 
c/. tf.^?£i. —T^Uj^^ to be ex- 

"^JS^ob* kont^, see ??jj)?oUj. 

^ 'ij^^Gkiof{& kontangely, s. Hob- 
bling, adj. Lame. 

-^=^X'^obDS3)^ kontavuni, c. v. (of 

^jseoyo^) To iialt, hobble. 
>/^«J5^oe3o kontu, ^. An angle, 

corner, crook. 
V=^jj)^oyo^ kontuni {^^^oV:^^ v. 11. 
To halt, limp. 
=^J3^od konde, i^. A stick to which 

fruits etc, are studded. 
^JS^ogj, =aJS^odi kondra, kon- 

dru, s. Boasting. 
^JS^ogj kondri, see ^oooj. 

^.Q^ozood, =^JS^o^Jj^ kombule, 
kombule, <3;^'. Soft, delicate. 

2. young. 

=^J5;^=CT koka, s. The game of liide 
and seek. —^%h^ to play at 
such a game. 
"^^J3e uDOio kokayi, s. A bill, beak. 
— ctodSo a quarrelsome man. 
— trof a quarrelsome woman. 
_sro:ior^ to rub the beak; to 

"iSj^^^ts^ kokileglli, s. A sing- 
ing parrot. 
J=^J5^ris3, '^JS^z^d kogile, kojile, 

s. A cuckou. 
-/=^x^e^, =3'J3^2;§ koca, koce, ^. 
Boasting, siw^^c?-, Ji^^^:!- vain- 

=aJ3^Za koci, ^. A kind of mask. 
— ^e^i maskery. 
put on a mask. 

=CTJSfiJoeo kotanji, s. Sexual in- 
^=^JS^y53 kotale, s. Pain, sick- 
ness. 2. the chicken-pox. 

3. hardship, distress. 
•^js^eJ koti, s. k. crore, ten mil- 

t^wo^^ to 

^j^^ei koti 


"ij^^to koma 

lions. 2. remembrance, re- 
collection. 3. the name of a 
male, -^w^^ by crores. -^ 
t^ to recollect. 

"^JS^eJ koti, s. A store, godown. 
en^s^nj— a salt store. 

€j3ee3o^J katiya, see ^o?)?Wg. 

^JS^yo kotu, .s-. Losing a game, 
z<lo; -^h^i to lose the game. 
-^^o^c^ to defeat. 
/•^J?^^ kote, ^. A fort, fortress. 

"^JS^ei kotya, s. A kind of sail- 
ing vessel, 
w =aJ5^G* kodi^, s. A horn. 2. a 
pod. -^^^ the milk-hedge, 
Euphorbia aniiquormn. 

€x^:^oh kodangi, ^-^^ ^jsr^o;^. 

deoo^ kodadabbu, kodidabbu, 
kodedabbu, s. A demon wor- 
shipped by Pariahs. 

i 'cJS^i^ kodi, (^^■. A lot of twenty, 
a score. 

^/iJS^^ kodi, J". ^Corner. 2. a 
place, quarter, r^^^^^^ fire- 
side, -a^^^ the hind part of 
the fire-place in a bathroom. 

'j=^X^i^o kodu, see =^jse5. 

/^JJ^cl kode, adv. Yesterday. 
-cDoSo an upstart; a young, 
inexperienced man, a griffin. 

^ ^J?^ra kona,i'.^An angle, corner. 
2. j-^^ ^^er®. (Sj- a triangle. 

'f'isj^t^ kone, 3". A room, apart- 
ment. y2. a corner. 
=cJ^^rld^konedappe,i'. A female 

=ctJS^cI^QD"3oSo koneriraye, J. A 
demi-god. [stone. 

^^JS^rs^s:^ konkall^, ^. A corner 

.=^J5^^d kotale, s. A kind of fish- 
ing net. 2. a straight grown 
>^J3^o koti, ^. A monkey, —do^^ 
the pranks of a monkey ; mis- 
chief, -^yo^r^ to be silly, 
J'iJz)^d>ozi kodapda, s. A rope sus- 
pended in schools for punish- 
ing boys. 2. a bow. 

€ji)^d kodle, see ^^?ye5. 


=aJS°^ kona, s. A kind of sweet- 
^J5^f5^Dd^o3j koneriraye, see ^-se 

=ctJS^sj kopa, ^. Anger, wrath. 

^^^^^ to be angry. — e^^^s^?) 

to provoke. 
=^JS^S5c)d kopara, ^. Buffoonery, 

low jesting. 

=ctJ5^^, =^js^^^ kopi, kopishthe, 

s. An angry man. 
=aJS^aj^^ kopin^, ^. A piece of 

cloth to cover the privities. 
=^JS^^ kopu, s. A cup. 

^=^J3^s2 kope, j'. A string of fruits, 
fish, etc. 
=^JS^^o koma, s. A crowd. 

J=^JS^sijl3, ^j?;^^o!3/^ komati, ko- 
matlge, ^.-^A class of mer- 
chants. 2. cunning, craft. 
3. a rogue. — crooSo a rogue, 
crafty fellow. 

J ^Je>^s±)r3 komana, s. A piece of 

"Bj^^^ koma 


^Jl^o kola 

cloth to cover the privities. 
2. the privities. 

"^JS^sl^odo komaya, s. Home-sick- 
ness. 2. attachment. 

'^JaiCdod komare, s. An oracle. 

=^JS^5Jo^ komala, adj\ Tender, 
delicate, young. 2. pleasing. 

=^J5^dod komale, s. A handsome 

"ij^^zScto komu, s. A crowd. 

M'^JS^c^ kora, ^. Measles. 

=^J5^d kora, adj. Rough, not fine. 

2. curved. 3. harsh, jarring. 

—"S^okio unbleached lawn cloth. 

^^^ a curved tusk or fang. 

— ^X a discordant song or 

=^J5^;:^oZo koranji, s. A kind of 

'^JSi^dsJo*! korapanti, s. The fra- 
grant grass, Mollugo cervi- 


=^J3^do5o, '^J5^De)02>o korayi, ko- 
rayi, s. A basin. 2. lameness, 

"^JS^DDS^koravu, ^^'.Lame. -^ 
^ a lame leg. 

=^J5^D^4r^ koravuni (^Jse^D), z'. tz. 
To halt, limp. 
J'uJ^'^0 kori, .y. -A fowl, cock. 
2.'^poultry. 3. a kind of ladle 
for serving rice. — 5980-5 a 
small bean, dolichos. — 's'w,, 
-rf oos' cock-fight. — wdS 
the right foot raised against 
anything. ^^jaW^ a kind 
of medicinal plant, -^c^p© 

an entertainment with fowls. 
_rf -S-^^ a chicken. . -si t^.?;yo^, 
-rf ^ a cock's comb, -rf 
Xjsi^o a poultry-yard. — ^:2^^ 
a kind of preparation of fowl. 
^zoe;D^5 a kind of fish. -53 
^S £A)o^^ to stand on the 
right foot, -^yo^^ to get up 
a cock-fight. — ^e3^^ to crow. 
— Tdc-aodooa to crow fast and 
lustily. ?jd5_ a jungle fowl, 
ai^ocb- a teal. 22e- a short 
legged fowl. 

=^J?)^D^, =^JS;eS?^ korike, korige, 
s. Hope, desire, wish. 

=^J5^dj^ koruni (^js?^), v.a>^o 
desire, hope expect. - 2. ^^^ 

=^J5^6 kore, ^^'. Curved, bent; 

cf. ^^-e. 

■^JS^Zor korji, s. A measure of 
grain, consisting of forty-two 
muras of rice. —"^^^"^ by 

€j3^Lbr kortu, s. A court of 

=^J3^clr korde, ^t'^ ^otc'^r. 

=^Jei^ir korte, ^. Preparing a 
field for sowing; also ^cTiz: 

'=^j?)^o^ kolyi, .y^^ t^jsee;^. 
A '^s/s^s; kola, .9. A devil-dance. -^ 

wo^^ to assume a mask, to act 

a devil-dance. 
'^JS^^'3'<g kolakalli, ^. A kind of 

=^JS)?^o5j kolayi, adv. In lines. 

—DeSb^ to place in lines. 

=cJ^^VD kola 


tf^c^ kounca 

^Ji^ZHiU kolata, s. A game at 
which persous make alternate 
motions and strike mutually 
short sticks in each others' 
hands. —^'!i::aooo^ to play at 
the above game. 

^jj'^s^-ssds-* koMala, s. Pomp, 
display. 2. din of war. 

=^J5^0 koli, see ^v^?&. 2. uproar, 
J'iSj^vo kolu, s. "A stick, staff, 
rod. ^. a sceptre. 3. a mea- 
suring rod about two and 
half English feet. 4. a kind 
of black oyster. i5^7io-, irosi- 

fa king's sceptre. s^D^rf— a 
rod with a handle twisted with 
'^J5(=(yo=5e)6, kolukare, s. A peon 
in general. 2. a peon whose 
duty is to measure salt. 
€j5^^orfs3^ koludalu, s. A kind 

of white ants. 
€j^^s;022^£) kolubeli, s. A fence 
of sticks. 
-J ^^js^Sj kole, adj. Hollow, sunken ; 
cf. ^j?)?*;?, }^jse^. — ^of^ a sunken 
eye, a large eye. 
'€sjZJ'?^ kolkare, see ^j?)e<y«i3>)T?. 
^aj^es^ kolde, ^^^ ^js^r. 
J^Ji^dra kovana, ^^^ =^jse^r©. 
^jj^D kovi, ^. A gun, firelock; 

ro'S^C)^"^^ kovilijkatte, s. A 
mule ; c/. ^^?jtj^^ . 
J^JS^d kove, s. A mould. 2. a 
=^JS^dloSjo kovetemma, ^. Hoop- 

ing cough. 


a disease 

of the bowels of children. 

=i|js ^ddoo^o^ kovemullu, s. Bar- 
leria lorigiflora. 

=^JS^2^, '^JS^d^ kosa, kosha, i". xl 
glossary, vocabulary, diction- 
ary. 2. the scrotum. e5c^_ 
the stomach. 
J =aJ5^?^k6s^, <^^/;'. Oblique, squint. 
— ^c^ a squint eye; ^. ^-?)?o 

^^JSf^oCoS, ^.^;^?oOo£oQ kosamba- 
ri, kosumbari, s. A kind of 
condiment made of pulse. 

=^JS^^ kola, s. The stocks. 2. 
.9^^ ^^ee;. 3. a veil. — rfoz!, 
j^^ ^s^js^rfcrf. ^j^:^— hand-cuffs. 

"^^ '§Si>^'4 oD^O^^, _^?y3jj 


t^^ to put in stocks. 

=^JS(=^ot:) kolambi, ^. A broad 

=^JS^^ koli, ^^^ ^Js^Q. 

'i^^^Ci kolu, ^^^ ^j3ee;o. 

=^JS^^ kole, ^. A kind of cake. 

=^J?)^^oQ koikuri, .?. A kind of 
sheep with fatty posteriors. 
>/=^J5^oo^ koipini, z', a. To cut, reap, 

=cJ?vd3j?^^o koyyolu, s. Chopping. 
— 3i^ a species of the vege- 
table Amaranthus tristis. 
J =^v%o^ koil^, see ^jsoso^, =^^^. 

'^j?))^;^do/T koiserang-^, s. The 
mode of wearing a shawl by 
a bridegroom. 
J'^o'^ kounca, adv. Topsy-turvy, 
upside down. — sjDcIj^ to up- 
set, overturn. 

^■^oe:^ ^ount^ 


^■5, r? krani 

-fe^oSj^, ^o'Jj kounti^, kountu, s. 
Rancidity, adj. Rancid; see 

J^osJj^, ^'^os^j^kountuni, koun- 
duni (^"^oO, ^-^cS), z',7i. To 
become rancid. 

€^0^0 C;^ koundurasa, ^^^ ??^S. 

^"^0^^ koumpuni (^"^o), ^. ^. To 
bury. ^os^ &sK a burial 
ground. "s^o^^cOd a grave- 
digger; a term of reproach. 

^o?;j^^, =5^o?j^rikaumsan^,kau- 
ifisanige, s. The scarf-skin, 

^Ei^c^T^ koucanige, j. A kind of 

=s^yo koutu, see tf^olj. 

^C3^, ^:^a?o koudi^, koudi^rasa, 

s. A cancer on the cheek. 
^^ koudi, J. A cowry. 

^^r^, ^d koudige, koude, s. A 
cowry; Cyprcea moneta. 

'S^^fi, "^d koudige, koude, s. A 
milkman. 2. a man bringing 
contribution for temple feasts. 

^dod;d koudurasa, see 5^S. 

^;^3S0 koumari, see ^o^roO. 

^dsS kourave, s. A descendant 
of Kuru. 

^6 koure, ^. A hailstone. ~^^ 
^0^ to hail. 

=5^0*, ^^0 koul^, koulu, s. A 
special agreement. 2. a docu- 
ment granted by government 
to a cultivator etc. 3. the 
voucher of a vessel. 

€^€) kouli, see ^ti^sS, TOi3ff«5- 

^d koule, see ?rs^. 

=g^^'i; kousala,.?. Happiness, well- 
fare. 2. skilfulness. 

'S^hf\ kousige, s. A name of the 
sage Visvamitra. 

=^;os3q kousalye, s. The mother 
of Rama. 

=a^^, ^"^^ri kouli, koulige, s. A 
drinking vessel. 2. a bundle 
of twenty (9;^ twenty-five, soel 
■^c^ a bundle of about twenty- 
five betel leaves. 
v/^^.^ koulu, J. ^ Odour, scent, 
smell. 2. a kind of perfume, 
v^ 3. stench. J 4/the cheek. 

=o^s?, =5^^o koule, koulye, see^'^. 

^■3o3 kyati, ^^^ sjs^^. 

^^^dri kyadage, see t?eao3o. 

=5^0 o^ kyaiu, ^. Diligence. 2. de- 
votion, attention. 

^ ^0 kratu, ^. A sacrifice, ob- 

=u^^j krama, s. Order, method, 
regularity. — co??i irregular, 
disorderly. — ^sD'd, ^^j5)S re- 
gularly, in order. 

=5^ odo kraya, s. Price, value. — t^tS 
a buyer, purchaser. — 2aeO 
a deed of sale; alsc? —t^^-^^ 
— ^r^rocJj settlement of price. 
— ^^cxi) buying and selling; 
traffic, trade. -^wo^?i, -^v^o^^ 
to fix the price. ^oSjsXo "§& 
^rri to sell. ^oSjsXo l2^^ to 

^■s^r3 krana, ^^^ Xj^^r®. 
.^«),r5 krani, s. The erruptiv 


kind of rickets. 




SJod khande 

-3- v|,s^o krittima, s. A trick, arti- 
fice, deceit. 2. sorcery, 

^ ^0 krimi, s. An insect, worm. 


•^oJo, -S^oSj kriya, kriye, s. An 
act, action. 2. daily religious 
ceremonies. 3. obsequies, fu- 
neral rites. 

-S-.oJJ^sJC^ kriyapada, s. A verb, 

^ 0^ ^ ^ kr iyaphala, ^. A reward, 
as the fruit of one's deeds. 

•S|j0iTsO^^5^r9 kriyaviseshana, s. 
An adverb, gram. 

^X^. ^X& krida, kride, J. Sport, 
play, amusement. 

^\t kruta, see ^^^. 

^o.j^jo krussu, s. A chair; t/. 

=^7;Jo , =^vg^^ krussu, kruje, s. A 

=^J5jd krura, J. Wickedness, 
cruelty, adj. Ferocious, ter- 
rible. ~^Tis -^^ cruelty. 
—zp-di cruel disposition. 

=^^^„ kreiste, ^. A Christian. 

=^j3,^dkrodha,i". Wrath, passion. 

=^J^^q^^ krodhana, J. The fifty- 
ninth year in the Hindu 
cycle of sixty. 

€^^^ krodhi, s. The thirty- 
eighth year in the Hindu 
cycle of sixty. 

=^,02:^ krounca, i". A curlew. 2. 
a mountain in the Himalaya 

=5^0^ klupta, adj. Brief, short. 
2. fixed, determined. 


ju kha, The fifteenth letter 

of the alphabet. 
iDoti khaiija, s. A kind of grass. 
iood khanda, s. A piece, part, 

portion. 2. a continent. 3. a 

chapter. — efb^ to fall into 

pieces. — -^^o^c:) to break into 

iOo3scl khandane, s. Division. 2. 

dissertation. 3. criticism. 

-•rfo^o^^ to divide; to decide, 

settle; to criticise. 
JUozTseo^, khandabatte, see "^oi^ 

w . . . . I 



Sjo^ khandi, s. A weight equal 
to twenty maunds. 2. ^^^ 

7lOoa^ khandita, ^c//'. Strict, se- 
vere. 2. positive, true, certain. 
^^V. Strictly; positively. 

^' SJo^^^o^khandisuni (sooS^, v. a. 
To cut into pieces, to sever. 
2. to refute. 3. to criticise. 
4:^to fix, settle. 
SJoc^ort khanduga, -s*. A measure 
of capacity, containing twen- 
ty kolagas. 
SJocidj^ khanderuni (sooif 5), v. a, 


sjr( kha^a 




To chip, cut away a small 
piece. 2. to square, make 

sjr; khaga, s. A bird. ~^'£ 
Garuda, the king of birds. 

SJ?^J5^^ khagola, s. The cele- 
stial globe. 

SJ'^i khacita, adj. Resolute, po- 
sitive, decided. adv. Reso- 
lutely, determinately, posi- 

SJ'i^D-^t^ khajani^ji, s. A trea- 
surer, cash-keeper. 

SJt^e)^ khajane, s. A treasury. 
2. money. -^^^ a cash chest, 
cash box. 

SJto khajji, see X^. 

SJCS-ssji^ khadakhadi, see ^zsd^C^. 

«L)c^ khadga, s. A sword. 2. the 
horn of a rhinoceros. ^— ^X 
a rhinoceros. 

luao^ khadir^, see ^Si5. 

aj^ khani, ^. A mine. 

SJ2o:3^, su^JD* khabad^, khabar^, 
s. A report, rumour, news, 
message. 2. caution; c/.^^^B. 
— TO^mind! take care! cf.'^'^ 
5cx»5i. —crob, — craB^ respon- 
sibility, control, management. 

sjodo khaya, s. Depth. 

sod khara s. The twenty-fifth 
year in the Hindu cycle of 
sixty. 2. an ass. 

5Ud khara, adj. Sharp, hot, harsh. 

SJdo£5c)^^ kharancavuni, see ^o 

sodo^iori kharancuni, see ^o«ior^. 

SJD5)2o^ kharab^, adj. Bad, filthy, 

SJ 015^0 3 kharamati, see ^::d^5. 

suO^a kharidi, s. Value, price. 
2. cost. -^0^0^^ to settle the 

&j6 khare, <3:^'. True, correct, 
certain. ~ts^^^^^ to prove. 

sut^ijsrd kharjura, see a^S. 

Sje;'3Aa kialasi, see ^e;s^. 

aJOe)?^ khalas^, see ^gjdcj. 

luA) khasi, ^^^ ^^• 

aj?c^ khast^, ^^^ ^^. 

S3D^ khadi, ^. A coarse cloth. 

SJi)^ khane, 5. A house, dwelling. 
2. an office. — -^os^j^s census, 
population, ^ssi- a printing 

SJ9d khara, ^. A pungent or hot 
taste. 2. soda. ^<^'. Hot, 
pungent, -^h^ to burn, feel 

S3e)0 khali, ^^'. Empty, vacant; 
unemployed. 2. vain, use- 
less. -sjD^d vain talk, useless 
words. — f^^^an empty house. 

sjss^od khavande, s. A master, 
owner, proprietor. 

<sae)X khasa, adj. Own, private. 
~7\S, _?\ one's own. —^-R o 
one's own younger brother, 
immediate brother. 

£)?j^, £)2^khisti^, khisti, see ^^. 

SUJcSOw khudupa, s. The princi- 
pal Mohammedan prayer. 

SDod) khuddu, «^'. Own, per- 
sonal, adv. Personally, — i:s23 

^OOD khula 


Tiob^ ganti^ 

one's own consent. — Tios:^^^ 

SOd^DT^ khulasi^, see ^o<s^q^. 

SJOOD khuUa, adj. Open, not 

Sjosras:^ khusalyi, see ^osd^. 

SJO^ khusi, ^^^ ^>^^- 

mon}^ khusti, see ^05^. 

Sjjs;> khuni, s. Murder, man- 

Js^S^^ khula, adj. Bad, mean, 

£^2^6 khscare, s. A demi-god. 
s5eei-d8[56l, s5e2i^D<^ a wandering 
priest, vagabond, vagrant, 

£j5?a khodi, s. Failing, defect, 
fault. 2. a simpleton. <3;<^'. 
Incorrigible, irreclaimable. 

SJSovl khyati, ^. Fame, repu- 


r\ ga, The sixteenth letter of 
the alphabet. 

rl, nD {mas.), rid, r^^ (/em.) 
are affixed to verbs in ad- 
dressing Pariahs.^ as 2^%^, so 
^7^ come (man) ; soe^A*^ come 

riori, riorra, riofi ganga, ganga, 
gange, s. The river Ganges. 
2. a female's name, aot^^^-^ 
Siva, who received the Ganges 
on his head. Xot^o^js)^ pilgrim- 
age to the Ganges. A07^?ds^?i 
bathing in the Ganges water. 

rlorid, rior(?od gangara,gangasara, 
s. Arrack, liquor. 

rio2:^=a^o^ gancakkari^, s. A hoax, 
humbug, ^-si^^o^o), — S sj^t^o^ 
to hoax. -S sojaTJo^ to be 
Jrios^rSfl ganjanige, ^. A frag- 
rant grass. 

rloti^ ganjani, see X^eSaS. 


riotd© ganjali, s. A kind of para- 
-/rioZo ganji, ^. Gruel, rice water. 
2. starch. 3. porridge. 

riozSoS^, rlo^a^sj^ ganjippu, ganji- 
p^, J. A kind of playing cards. 

riotdo^ ganjuppu, s. Purified 
salt, table salt. 

/rio^ gantiji, s- The ankle. 2. 
a knot. 3. a bundle. 4. 
money; riches. — Ao|^asmall 
kind of fruit. -^<^o^, 
_^<^^ a pickpocket. -^t5o?\ 
a variety of syphilis in which 
the joints are affected. -•^:>^ 
a sealed bundle. -'^'^J^ to 
pack; to amass w^ealth. --t\ 
^F^, _20or5jsjD^^ to untie. 
_i§?07io?), —i^ox^^^ to settle a 
debt. ~.zj;>^^ to tie, bind, 
knit. — a:)Jsi^«:)oi to form a knot ; 
to come in contact with; to 
attack, -■^'^o^a to make a 


rioU ganta 


riocj ganda 

marriage alliance, sis!?- a 
fabrication, false story. 
liok^ ganta, see "So^^. 

/rio^^el g'antapucce, s. A male 

cat; also XofeS. 
r(o^c)^jrJ g:antamani, s. A large 

rio^"?)^ gantase, s. Avarice, cove- 

rioeJ ganti, s. A kind of earring. 

7iol3?oo4i gantisuttu, s. A child's 
necklace of beads. 
Jliokjo gantu, s. The knot or joint 
of a reed or cane. 2. i"^^ aoO. 

rioUJSrj^ gantus^, j. Stinking 
produced by breaking wind 

rio^ gante, s. A bell, gong. 3. a 
clock. 4. an hour. 5. see 
AC&3. ^531)^0^ to ring the 
bell, strike the hour. 

rioC3^=ff"i)05j gand^kayi, s. Papaw, 
the fruit of Carica papaya. 

J 2. manliness. 
>^ 7\ozi^ z^^\f\ gand^mr^ga, s. A 

^/riocs^^N gand^stana, s. Man- 
liness, bravery. 

rlodrirs) gandagana, s. A host of 
demons. 2. a band of heroes. 

rioc^eS^dooc^sJ-^ gandaberunda- 
pakki, s. A fabulous bird with 
two heads. 

r(or^doe)e3 gandamal^, s. Scrofu- 
la. 2. ulcers on the neck. 
J T\ozi^(i gandastana, see XoS^^?^. 

liozi'^6 gandakshara, s. An as- 
pirated letter. 

Jriocs^o^c^ gandantara, ^. Danger,^ 

ricCasn^O gandagali, j-. Inter- 
course, intimacy. 2. inter- 
ference. 3. slander, defama- 
tion. 4. a report, ^ctio acz3^ 
7^e5 djsa^ I will have nothing 
to do with him. 

rioj:Sa)rioo^ gandagundi, s. Au^ 
dacity, barefacedness. 
Jrlo^ gandi, s. A hole, opening, 
gap; c/. ^oa. .-^s;<o^^ tO' 
bore a hole. 

rIoSrf gandida, see sooa^. 

rlo^sg^ gandipuni, see soo^Tici^^ 

J ?iodj gandu, rt;^'. Male. 2. brave, 
valiant. 3. large, stout. ~^ 
£,5 large scissors. 

^ r(oc^o?oo gandusu, ^. A husband." 
riorso gannya, ^. Esteem, re- 
gard, attention. 2. estimate. 
adj. Niimerable; honorable. 
-■^^^^ to esteem, regard, 
revere, care for. 
Tio^ gant^, see ^o^. 

riosB, rioi ganti, gante, j. Rags, 
patched clothes. 

riocj, rioq^ ganda, gandha, s. San- 
dal wood, Santalum album. 
2. smell, odour. ^e- a su- 
perior kind of sandal. -si 
*5o{?, — c^ ^^e; sandal oil. -ci 
?r^ a stone for grinding san- 
dal on. —^ ^js^dS a piece 
or log of sandal wood, -si 
83^ a cake of sandal powder. 
— rf djsO^ a sectarian mark of 

rioqj gandha 


riti gaja 

I sandal on the forehead. — 8{ife3 
the distillary of sandal oil. 
—z6 ^JTJ sandal tree, sandal- 
wood. — -^Sopdsd a sandal paste 
prepared with other ingre- 
dients. — e??^ smearing sandal 
on the person. —Tj-d^ spices. 
-^^aio^ to smear sandal on 
the person. 

.ioq^vgandhaka,^. Sulphur,brim- 

rioq^hO ^andhagiri, s. A kind of 
timber tree. 

rioJ^^orJ gandhamunci, s. Cu- 
bebs, Piper cuheba. 

rlor^^dr gandharva, s. A horse. 
2. a musician of the demi- 
gods, having a human face 
and a horse's body. — f^,? a 
handsome woman. 

/ioq^^Uc)^ gandhasale, ^. A su- 
perior kind of table-rice. 
4t\o^ ganna, s. A sugar-cane. 

rlof^^g^i^O gannakatteri, s. A burg- 
lar's instrument; also ^f3\ 
TvJjQ. 2. a deceiver. 

rloc^n gannya, see Acr©o. 

riosj gampa, .?. Mire, mud. adj. 
Muddy, sticky. — ^ci5 a fertile 
paddy-field. -^%^ a large 
tract of fertile land. 

Tio^^d gambhira, adj. Honora- 
ble, revered, venerable. 2. 
deep, profound, -s!^ honora- 
bleness; ]profoundness. — cro 
oSo an honourable man. 
^;rlo^y gammi^, s. A good or bad 


rlodos^ gammati^, s. Merriment. 
2. happiness, -■sli^-'o^oi to be 

ri=^^ gakkane, adv. Quickly. 

i\t\qt^ gaggandha, ^^". Very dark. 

T\i\t)^ r1ri6 gaggara, gaggare, ^. 
A petticoat. 2. a bell-orna- 
ment. 3. a kind of liquor. 

i\i\^ gaggallu, s. A rock. 

ririj d, i\T\:i do gaggura, gagguru, 
s. A kind of curry. 

ririo 00^00^ gagguriyuni (^^^^) 
^. /?. To bark. v. " 

ririos^^ gaggeravuni (t^^^), 
v. a. To frighten, alarm. 
2. to censure, scold. 

r{A^ gaggela, s. Fulmination, 
denouncement; c/. Arf^e*. 
JriA^:^'^ gaggelyuni (^^^), ^. ^^' 

^ To roar, cry. I^*. a. To frighten. 

Ti2B , rie^o gacci, gaccu, s. Mortar, 
plaster. 2. a lump. — =5o's<o,?i 
to stick fast. 

liti gaja, ^. An elephant, adj. 
Elephantine. — irfoosS Ganesa, 
with the head of an elephant. 

ritd, ri^ gaJa, gaje, s. A yard 
measure. 2. a ramrod. — ^o 
^ a flag-staff. — ^^'^ a stan- 
dard in purchasing elephants. 
— ^jse(s;o a yard measure. 

ritdob^ gajantu, see ^TioB. 

litdiiti gajagaja s. Jostling, jolt- 
ing. 2. trembling, 
krit^)^ gajani, s. Poor ^r infertile 

riz^ ^aja 


rici^ gadi^ 

ground. -Si^K, ~.2^j5^ an 
infertile land. 
r(:^^?i gajapuni, see a^c^o^^. 
^. T^jo^f ffajal^, «^'. Confused, dis- 
tracted. -^2. filthy, foul. 3. 
rough, not fine. -©5 a foul 
^/' rough sort of rice. ^d^K 
a filthy place. 
ri^xivd^ gajaluni, see^ a^gjo^. 
Tiz^dvo^p g^ajalpuni, see 7(S<^^^. 
7i22i)0^ g^ajalu, adj. Boasting. 
>/7iz^f\ g3i]ige, s. The Molucca 

bean, Guilandina bonduc. 
Vr1e3^^ gajipuni (a35), ij,a. To 
fasten, strengthen. 
r\'!Si'^'^ gajibiji, s. Complication, 
entanglement, confusion, -so 
■^4 bad hand-writing, scrib- 
bling. — ^je)Ar a miry road. 
rleoO^ gajir^, see asStj. 
r(e£ gaje, see xa^. 

rJeE^osJ gajekampa, s. A stick 
for flogging. 

?i^^ g^ajeni, ^^'^ a&;^. 

ri^^^ gajepuni, see a^cjo^^. 

Tizie;:^ ^ajeluni (a^6), 7\ ?2. 
A sore to form or suppurate. 

rls!-;^^ gaIelpuni(X25^), 'v,a. To 
cause a sore to form or sup- 

Itch, scab. — sro 

XS3 r^^ ?3D0rf0K 

^y?i^ gajje, i"^^ ^^. 

riej gata, see spou 

riliriy gatagata, ^. A gurgling 
noise, as produced when 

rieJr? gatani, see ^o«^r^. 

riU gatta, ^^^ ^ow^. 

rlii^e^, nUr^T^, r(Urlgattani,gat- 
tanige, gattane, s. The founda- 
tion of a building. 

^i^^ gattale, ^^^ ^y^^. 
"/riej, gatti, «^". 'Firm, secure. 
Y 2: solid, hard, ^.clever, able, 
strong. -CA)^ a narrow, thick 
chisel. -^o;rf substantial 
work. —2^030 a loud speaker, 
a talkative person. — ^yo^^ 
to coagulate, curdle, freeze. 
-s;^^ to hold fast. --sSo 
«^^^ to make strong, fix firm- 
ly; to bake a kind of cake; 

riei.riej^ gattigatti, s. Clot after 

clot, clod after clod. adj. 

Very cloddy, very hard. 

^ riU r^ gattige, s. A clever man. 

cleverness, ability. 

>r(:3 gaj7i, s. 

^^, see Xasg^. 

a w — " 

^5. '^^ be wlio suffers from 

itcli 110 sliamc. 
t\iIz g'ajjira, .v. The marsh date 
troL'. ^ 7i:lj> its fruits. 




rl^A^^^ gattiyuni, gat- 

tyuni (A&^cdo'>), 7'. ^. To wipe off. 
;e, s. A kind of cake. 
4 42. a clod, lump. 
m, gatle, see ^i'^^. 

•^t\T^Tf gadusu, adj. Powerful, 
stroll--. ;i1)1l'. 2. clever. 3. 
brave, linn, gallant. 1. se- 
vere, strict. —^"^ severity, 

r\do gadan 


ric^o gadu 

I strictness, strength; ability. 
-oDoSo, aS?6 an able or wealthy 

'ridon^ gadang^, s. A godown, 
store-room. 2. a toddy-shop. 

rl:^otod gadambale, s. A poison- 
ous snake. 

rides', rid/i gadaka, gadaga, see 

ric^^ gadakka, adv. Suddenly. 


' ridrizi gadagada, s. A chattering 
noise. — ^c^oaj^ to shiver, 
tremble with cold. 

Jr(c^20^ gadabadi, see Xas^a. 

ridouo, ric3e)o5ogadayi,gadayi,^. A 
long pole with spherical bells, 
shaken in temples; of. aatj. 
2. a hillock, hill. -^^ the 
name of a rocky hill. 

rizirj^ gadas^, s. A heifer, young 

iicsc)3;3^2u gadabaji, s. A rocket. 

2. an independent person. 

3. heedlessness, recklessness, 

>7\^ gadi, i".^An incision, cut. 

2. the half of a cocoanut. 

3. a limit, boundary, frontier. 

4. authority, power. 5. ap- 

^^o^^, ^asoB^ia^ to banish. 
~=ij^hF^ to appoint a head- 
man, -crooyo^ to transgress, 
violate the bounds. —zj^Tk)^ 
to make an incision, mark 
out a tree to be cut down. 
di7)5- a slip. ei^Xra the 
boundary of a land. 

ri^ri gadige, s. A small earthen 
ware, a pot. 

r(^5^^ gadipuni (aS), t', ^. To 
agree, harmonize, be in uni- 
son. 2. to suit, be con- 
venient. 4"^ ^^ ^^ Acix;o5 
a house black with smoke 
wdll not suit, (said of a rest- 
less ^r fickle-minded man). 
^jse^o^A 7x^4^ they do not 
agree together. 
s/n^"^^ gadibidi, s. Bustle con- 
fusion, disorder, tumult, dis- 
turbance, —^^o^^i to bustle; 

to disturb; C/. Ae58!)eD. 

rl^sjj gadima, s. A large piece 
ef any thing. 

r\^Qi^DV^ gadiyal^, s. A watch, 
clock. — croo^ a watch- 


ri^cx^^ gadiyuni, see 7(^4^. 
pointment of a headman or Ur\d:> ^adu, s. A term, fixed 

chieftain. ^Tio-Rlzi- a piece 
of mango-pickles. — ^^ a 
boundary stone, land-mark. 
— ^a, — j^oa nomination and 
appointment of a headman 
with certain privileges in a 
demon shrine. —zjdB banish- 
ment, transportation. — sroS 

time or place. — aiI^ periodi- 
cally, now and then. — ae^^i, 
— sjdt^j^ to fix a time. 

r(djS3^C5^ gaduvad\i, s. Halt, stay. 
— 3iDK a halting place. 

ridj^jjc^ gadustana, s. Bravery, 
manliness. 2. power, strength, 
greatness; cf. Xo'rfjirf 7i. 

Tid gadda 


r\^ gati 

J T\d gadda, s. The chin. 2. the 

beard. — ^^S ^^j^j^d^^ to 

entreat a person by taking 

hold of his beard in token of 


ri^o5j gaddayi, s. Compulsion, 
ca " * . 

force, adj. Compulsory; also 

AZ53 Odd. _rf =^e^?j compulsory 

work. _^y^^ to compel, 


7i^ gaddi, ^^^ =5^^- 
J rid gadde, s.yfk bulbous root. 
2. a lump, clod. — =*yo^^ to 
coagulate, curdle. 

Tiz^^r^ gads^tana, see 7(n^, 

r{t9 gana, ^. A flock, host, multi- 
tude. 2. a retinue, train of 
attendants. 3. a class of 
spirits. 4. a foot of three 
syllables. 5.a number, <2r^*/A. 
6. series of asterisms class- 
ed under three heads, ^^— 
human, "^^^i— infernal, and 
z3e^_ divine. — ^^ Ganesa the 
leader of Siva's retinue, ao 
c^— evil spirits, rfjs^— angels. 
Vr(rao2C"^ ganijini^, s. A tinkling 

r{t^=d6h^ ganakalepini (Ar®?re3), 
?;. n. To be pensive, thought- 
ful and sad. 

r\£7)r\U ganagati, i". Leg orna- 

r1r3?5 ganane, s. Regard, esteem. 
2. calculation. 
vr(rs)?j* ganas^, .y.^The link of a 
chain. 2. a hook. 

zi^D^^ ganaly, see 7(ri6. 

rir?^ ganita, s. Arithmetic, cal- 
culation, adj. Counted, num- 
bered. — s^^ arithmetic. 

rir?^2^ ganipuni, see t^f^^^, XorS 

yr{£^& ganili;, s. Tinkling. -^ 

^^ to tinkle. 
I^rifl gane, ^. A pole, staff. 2. 
an arrow. jSjsosSt?— a tum- 
bler's pole; c/"^^. 

ri^^^, Tic^^i ganesa, ganese, s. 
The chief of demi-gods and 
remover of obstacles. He is 
invoked at the commence- 
ment of auspicious cere- 
monies; also Af^^S. 

rirso ganya, see 7(0^^. 

ris^ gat^, s. Fatigue, weari- 
ness, trouble. £5c5 dc5 a§ 
e?o3o he is done up by work- 
ing continuously. 

ri;^ gata, adj. Past, gone, ante- 
cedent, —^h^ to expire. 
^^tL- suicide, extinction of 
life. Tk>^ji)^— intention, wish, 

r(3 gati, s. Destiny, fate, fortune, 
condition. 2. protection, sup- 
port. 3. means, resources, 
income. 4. motion, course. 
~^e^ means and family. 
— >^jse^crooS?roc&> a poor, help- 
less man. ^^j^^— a down- 
ward course; perdition, e^n 
T^^r— an upward or heaven- 
ward course; salvation, ^roe;-- 
the progress of time. Xj^— 
the motion of planets, their 

fii^ gatu 


ri^o gama 

influence on the human desti- 
ny, zio^— a bad condition; 
future misery. c?^^— fate, 
destiny. -^^o>^^ to help, 
show means ; to make funeral 
ceremonies. «oc^ io5_. who 
will protect or save me ? odc^ 
cdn— what support have I? 
what is to become of me? 
oDo^ 7\B> f^3§ I have no means 
or support. 

ri^o gatu, see Xi. 

ric5 gada, see Xd 

ridrid gadagada, ^. A crackl- 
ing noise. — 5£)2;jr?) to burn 
or blaze with a cracklinoj 



'/^r^dc^ gadary, i"."^ lump. 2Tan 
object of love. 
rla^^ gadipuni, see t^d^?). 
riu)0=CTO^, rido, ^gadukuni, gadkuni 

(X5), z^. /2. To lap, jolt, 
rid gade ^. A weapon; a club, 
f^ rid ^ gddala, s. Confusion, dis- 
^^^urbance, noise. — ■^^o^?) to 
^^■aake noise, to reprove, re- 
^^Ruke; to exhibit magnificence, 
rid^, n^o^sj gaddavu gaddavu, 

s. An earthen plate. 
r1c3i5 4^ gaddavuni, c.z>. (o/^^^^ 
n) To shake, move, rock. 
Jrl£)fi gaddige, s. A throne, seat 
of honour. 
ridj?) gadduni (aS), v.n. To 
shake, quiver, be agitated. 

rldsjigaddela, see Xrfe;. 

Ti:^^ gaddya, ^. Prose. -^^^ 
prose and verse. 

ric^ gadhe, see Xd 

ri^ gana, see r^^. 

Tii^Diil^ ganagatti, s. A tinkling 
article. 2. anklets and toe- 
ornaments, adj. Powerful. 

r\?l^|jjO gannakatteri, see Tio-^ 

li^^ gapi^, ^. Concealing; sup- 
pression. 2. misappropria- 
tion. — el^ — Sa?s^ silence, 
quietness, --rfo^o^^ to hide; 
to misappropriate. 

nsje;^^ gapalati^, ^. A lie, false- 
hood. 2. shuffling, as cards. 
3. misplacing. 

Tit, ri^, r1^ gape, gappi, gappe, 
^. A lie, falsehood. 2. a hoax, 
humbug, —z^o^s^^^ — sod^o^ to 
tell a lie; to hoax. ^Ti^^^^ 
to hide, conceal, suppress. 

risj gappa, «^". Silent, quiet; 

Jrizortso gabagaba, s. Gulping,, 
swallowing. -B^^ to gulp^ 
swallow up. 
riu gabba, see a^f. 
Vris^oris^jgamagama,^. Fragrance, 
odour; c/. acSo. 
r\^o3^ gamatij, ^^^ Xo^g. 
rlsJjF^ gamana, ^. Going, moving,, 
motion, course. 
'^Ti^^K^ gamasT^, s. Fragrance, 
odour. 2. stink, stench. 

risi) gama 


rid-'S garo 

-/ ri^o?oo^ ^amasuni (a^oj), 7;. n. 

To smell, scent; stink. 
>/ ?id3^o5o?^^ gamayisuni (X^reoso 
oJ), V. n,^o be fragrant, 
odoriferous. 2. to strike, flag. 

ri^oojjo^, rldo^o^, 7\^^^'^ ga- 
meyuni, ^ameluni, gamevuni (a 
^, A^j^, A^o), 7/. :?2. To be 
hot, feel hot, as in a fit of 

rial) gaya, see ^a^o. 

riojj gaya, ^. A place of pilgrim- 
age. -^^B the people of 
Cf^ya — "Sx^i) tli6 sacred 
place at Gaya. 

rio^-s^^ ^ayali^, adj. Prodigal, 
extravagant. — ^?^ prodiga- 
lity. Aodje)«^ an extravagant 
woman. Xcdra^ an extrava- 
gant man. 

rio^s^ g:ayil^, ^^^ ^^j^f. 

'>TiD^, rid, rid rid gar^, gara, gara- 
gara, s. A whirling noise, 
turning with rapidity. —BBo 
Xo^ to turn round with rapid- 
ity, as a top. 
N/rid=^?o garakena, adj. Clean, 

ridriD garagari, see 7\B. 

ridn"s-/ garagasy, see Xadfoj. 
-ridc^ garadi, see ^T^^,-iXT3jsa. 

ridc^ garade, see Xx^ozS. 

ridra garana, see Xj^r®. 

rid^G* garamv, adj. Hot, warm. 
s. Heat, warmth; ^. X^r. 
~7i:>7^'3 spices for curry. 

rid^ garaste, see x^^^. 

riDc)20J garabu, see '^•C7>'5. 
^riO gari, s. A wing, feather. 
riDCio garimi, see X^f. 
-IriO^ogarime, ^y. Severity, strict- 
riDoJoj^ gariyuni (X5), z'. n. To 
break off, give way ; c/. X^r^. 
^iD^^3^ garib^, adj. Poor. X&?s5 
a poor man. 
^lio garu, ^. '^A rafter. -2. a 
; mould; cf. ^x^o. ^ adj. 'Rough. 
ridori garuga, see XXr. 

ridod, ridod garuda, garude, s. 
The son of Kasyapa, having 
a human form, with a bird's 
bill and wings, and described 
to be Vishnu's vehicle. 2. the 
Brahmany kite, eagle; also 
— tj-^^. Xtjot^s^^j^ a wooden 
form of Garuda, used to carry 
an idol in procession, /(-dori 
^08?) a post or pillar in front 
of a temple, with the figure 
of Garuda on its top. X-do 
i^Ti^ a seat of an idol with 
the figure of Garuda — sjsss^ 
a kind of bush, Ophiorrhiza 
mungos. sros^^— a drag to 
catch things under water; an 
outer part of a palm-leaf. 

rido^y. garuputta,^. A crucible. 
J rid gare, s. The shaft of a 
country water-lift; cf. ^"5. 
-^ i&)e^ a broken tile. 

ridoijsy gareyata, s. A kind of 

ri6j3^ garodi, s. The shrine of 

/idj garra 


rlO gsM 

the demons called tSl^^or. 
2. a veranda. S.^sl fencing 
school, gymnasium. — ?^^?S 
gymnastic exercise. 
;^ garrane, see A-dTx-d. 

Mt:^ garka, adv. Suddenly. 

MM^ garga, s. A kind of medi- 
cinal plant, Eclipta erecta. 

f\f\Tod garganda, adj. Profound, 
2. thick. -^i«3 thick dark- 

r(rtro5o gargayi, adj. Half-ripe, 
half-grown, as an arecanut 

x\T\-^7i^^ gargasi^, s. A saw. —^ 
"^jiiO the teeth of a saw. 

r\tiF^ garjane, s. Roaring, --si) 
'^o^^5 to roar, bellow. 

Tiz^F garji, s. Need, necessity, 
occasion. — rf 4's^or a time of 

rlvlF garti, s. A married woman. 
2. a chaste ^r continent 

r1c3c)f^o^ garnal^, s. A mortar. 

2. a bomb, cannon. 
(t\^f^ garpuni (a5), -z;. a. To 

^rl^ro^ garpeliji, s. Scooping, 

7iz:.F garba, see 7(2^f. 

nc^Fu garbija, s. A melon, the 
fruit of Cucumis ?nelo. 

f\'i^F garbha, s. The womb, ute- 
rus. 2. pregnancy. 3. embryo. 
_^e3, _?j.^e; disorder in the 
w^omb; colic. ~^h^, ^ca)o 
^^> to be conceived. — a^^^ 

to cause abortion. —t^^^h^ 
to miscarry, as^-sfao s^ao^, 
_3i^^ to be afraid ; to touch 
the vitals. 

l\^F7i):i^ garbhasuti, s. A web 
of cloth woven with red and 
black thread. — "do^js^ a 
turban of this kind. — ^^^5 
a female's garment of this 

rl^rr? garbhini, s. A pregnant 

r(sJor?3D^ garmasale, see under 

j^t^^iF, risjojr garmi, garmu, s. 
Heat, burning, warmth; zeal. 

riojjor^ garyuni, see A&orfoo^. 

t\^f garva, s. Pride, arrogance. 
-oDoSo a proud or arrogant 
man. —-^^^^^^ to be proud, 
haughty. — ^w^^i to subdue 
one's pride with effort. 

j\^F^ t\^f-^ garvi, garvishte, s. 
A proud man. 
irio^rioo^ gal^gul^, s. A rumb- 
ling in the stomach. 
>/ri^ri ^ galagala, s. A noise caused 

by bracelets. 
Jrl^soo galabu, s. Tumult, con- 
fusion, noise. 

r(^dj?^ galamena, see a 6^?^. 

r(^?;ioQi galasuni (a^^), i'. a. To 
use, employ. 

f\ODrf galasu, s. A tumbler. 2. 
a swinging glass lamp. 

r(€)2^, r(©^23^ galija, galij^, s. 
Dirt, filth, nuisaijce. — -di^o^ 
c^ to soil, make filthy. 

r(© gali 


rreossi) g^an.ja 

iriO:^© galibili, ^. Disorder, con- 
fusion, tumult; anarchy; cf. 
xaeSa. -^h^ to be confused. 
—■sSo^o^r^ to disturb. 

riOsSj galime, s. Acquirement. 

ri^o=ao, r^^li, r(e;j) galuku, galk^, 
galku, s. A noise produced as 
when sinking or diving. 
Jr(e;Oci galjuni (a|^), v. a. To 
confuse, disturb. 

ri^ galti, s. Error, mistake. 2. 

rlo|^?5*^ galpasi^, see a^oj. 

rie^r^ galmena, s. Freshness, 
briskness, vigour. 

rio^ gall^, see Xe;^. 
-irie; galla, s. The lower part of 
the cheek. — ^Je);6 whiskers 
on the lower part of the 
cheek; also '^^^'^' 

t\^\, r1e;j galla, gallu, s. The 
gallows. Ae3^A0 3:]D7l)^ to 
hang, execute a person. 

r(0 galli, s. A street. 


rid gava, ^. Sense, sensation, 
consciousness. —^^^^ to be 
out of senses, be disturbed. 

r(d^ gavala, s. A handful, mouth- 
ful. 2. a buffalo's horn; 

also ^^e?, ^80^. 

-4ri5J?^rJri gavasanige, s. The case 
^r cover of a fiddle, ^/^. 

JriO gavi, s. A cave, hole, cell. 
risj^ gavudi, j^^ Tt'^a. 
risJcS gavude, ^^^ Tfsd 
risj^silo gavutama, see T^^rfo. 

risj^ gaule, see A^d. 

risJo gavya, ^. The product of a 

cow. adj. Of ^r belonging to 

a cow; 9^. ^osiAdn. 
rl^ gavve, adj. Very tender. 
r1?doe3^ gasant^, see ^?doO. fl 
r(?o/i?o gasagasa, s. Coarseness, 

roughness. ^^'. Coarse, rough. 

adv. Coarsely, roughly. —^ 

TSb^ to grind coarsely. 
j\rij:f gasary, see ^7i5. 
riri gasi, s. The sediment of oil, 

pickles, elc. 
rii^ojoo^ gaseyuni (a^), v. n. 

To rub. 
ri?5^^ gaseni, s. Difficulty, adj. 

Narrow, strait. 
Tin) gasti, s. A patrole. — trooSo 

a patrole, watchman. — *B5o 

AOo) to patrole. 
J ri^n^ galagala, s. A noise, as in 

drinking fast or by shaking 

a cocoanut. 
rt^sSoF^ galamena, see 7^^^- 
j\^ii^'^ galasuni, see Xcy^^. 
T\^f\ galige, ^. A fold, crease, 

wrinkle. 2. ^^^ -^^^-R, _^^^ 

to arrange folds. -lii^o^?) to 

fold, double. 
rl^j, J\'^ gain, gale, ^^^ 7(x^^- 
Mj^ galpasy, s. A halter round 

the neck, a noose. 2. death by 

hanging. 3. a lie, falsehood. 
t\^\ galpu, see x^. 
?Te)ot3-3ganJa, 5. The hemp plant, 

Canitahis saliva^ whose leaves 

and fructification are smoked, 

UDoU ganti 



or ground in water and 
drunk for inebriating pur- 

ne)oe3 ?anti, s. A kind of sweet- 

7T3cC5^, /TSo(^o gandu, gandu, ^. 
A coward. 2. a man without 

'hdoUdi^:^ gandagouji, s. Much 
fuss, much ado. 

A^o^odoo^ gandiyuni, see ^il^gS). 

rrao^S rrao^d, ne)oJgant^,gaii- 
tara, gantra, J. Depth, adj. 

n^oCjiJoSo gandaye, see 7^r®croo5^. 

7Te)oC38)0, nc)oa^gandari, gandini, 
^. A roving woman. 

".Local, country. 
s. A child's petti- 
HDZ^, n-stij gaji, gaju, j. Glass 
ware. 2. China ware. 3. see 

yr5«)^% Ac)l3 gat\ji, gati, adj. Hot, 

>Iadj3^, rrsr^ gadu, gada, j. Tor- 
ment, vexation. 
T\D^ gadi, s. A bandy, cart, 
coach. — 7\D^, — croo3j a coach- 
man, -^wo^^) to harness horses 
<?;' bullocks to a coach, cart 
or bandy. -d^TJo^ to drive 
a cart. 

•^rra^odoo^, nc)doo^ gadiyuni, ga- 
dyuni, see ^^lion^. 

7ic)^oJoj§ gadiyuli, s. A small 

rrarij gagra, 

nDZ^ gadha, adj. Strong, firm. 
2. excessive, much, great. 
— oi^ sound sleep. 
-^e)r3 gana, ^. An oil-mill. 2. a 
sugar-mill. -^ coojI oil ex- 
pressed in a mill. —^ ^j?, — ::5 
A?§ the perpendicular roller 
of a mill. — s^ 2§^^ the ex- 
cavated trunk of a tree, 
used as the body of a mill. 
— crooSo an oilman. — sra^o^ to 
work a mill. 
'/n^rJ?^ ganige, ^. An oil-miller. 

nD£2:>^ ganuni (t^-^), v. n. To 
smoke, burn to cinders, glow ; 
of, A^oe^ooi. 

n^s^, 71-3;^=^, ri-33 gata, gataka, 
gati, see s^y^^- 

rra^=^, UDt^A gatake, gatuge, s. 
A treacherous man. 

rra^ gatra, ^. The body. 2. a 
member or limb. ^<^'. Stout, 

Ae)^^, n^a^ gadini, gadivi, ^^^ 

nc)d, rra^ gade, gadhe, s. A pro- 
verb, adage. 

TTSc^ gana, ^. Psalmody, music. 
—.33^0 the science of psalmody. 

n-3^ gapu, see aseoo. 

r5"S20^ gabadi, ^. A leak, hole in 
a vessel, —zj^zid?^ to repair a 
leak. -ej^Oj?) a vessel to leak. 

n?-e^O, /T3t:)a gabari, gabiri, s. 
Perplexity, confusion, alarm, 
perturbation. —^h?^ to be 
perplexed, alarmed, confused. 
—tSo^^^ to alarm, perplex. 


nD-^ gabi 


A^^ gali 

rraz^ gabi, ^. Darkness, 
rra?:)^, nuz^a gabidi, gabudi, 

Ac) 200, rTc)e3 gabu, gabe, ^. Agita- 
tion, commotion, disturbance, 
ferment. 2. rumour. 7^«Se 
7^800 rumour upon rumour. 
He) A gabri, ^^^ T^eob. 
TTs^c^ gamini, ^. Confluence, 


n-sodo gaya, ^^^ ^^^cdo. |-^.^^^ 

7ia)0ao=^ gajake, ^. A singer, musi- 

nc)OJo»B gayatri, ^. The most 

sacred incantation of the 

Brahmans, namely Sjc ^jss^^or 

^a^^§- [sic; ^. 7^?^. 

n5)OJ0F^ gayana, ^. Singing, mu- 

rrao^ gar^, ^^*. Dry. 2. hot. 
-?ro-rf a dry field, -^h^ to 
be dried, heated. 

T\i)t^, rT2)dc5 garane, garane, ^. 
Whitewashing or painting 
walls, etc. -=^j3^r^, -zjtrk)^, 
-•^o^^^ to whitewash or paint 
them. [^^^ fritter. 

-lne)07^ garige, s. A kind of cake 

n«)Oo^^ garipuni, see t^o^^. 
j rra6 gare, ^. Lime plaster, a 
composition of lime, earth, elc. 

TTsd gare, ^^^ a^x of nouns 
denoting profession, employ- 
ment, etc\ as^ s'ocbTS- a horse- 
keeper. t3T)cV- a backbiter. 
eo^- a seller of bracelets, 
sii^o^- a liar. 

rrsrirod^s^^d, /i«)r(r^d gar- 
gandakattale, gargattale, ^^^ 

nc);^r^, rra^r garsan^, garsi, 
s. A store, provision. 

n^s^^sSo^o^ gali^mel^, ^^^. Head- 
long, topsyturvy. 

rrae) gala, ^^^ ad^s^. 
^nc)0 gali,.y.Awheel. >4. .y^^ as^. 
-i§5oA0^ the wheel to turn 
round. T^ad— a cart wheel. 

n^0^^ galipuni (7^e3), -z^. ^. To 
strain, filter. 

He) 001)0^, rra^OQ^ galiyuni, ga- 
lyuni (7vD«^), ^. ^. To be 
strained, filtered. 

?T3©?oo^ galisuni (A^eSfo), z'. «. 
To separate grain from re- 
fuse by washing. 2. to strain, 

n-5)S^^ gavale, s. Jugglery. -osoSo 
a juggler. — ^^^ conjuration. 

ns)5S gavu, ^. Heat. 2. fomenta- 
tion. 3. glare; cf. ^s-^^. 
Vrras^d gavuda, s. A stage or 

distance of twelve miles. 
1 7Tc)rO gasi, s. Fatigue, exhaustion, 
toil, pain, trouble. 2. the state 
of being emptied. 3. end, 
termination, death. — <^L?) to 
be distressed, wearied ; to be 
confused, dissatisfied, 
/n-s^ gala, s. An angle, fish- 
Jr^^ gali, s. Wind, air. 2. 
breath. -XoG a falsehood. 
— xiu a paper kite. — -rfsir^js?:^. 
— ?ioD an unfounded rumour, 

7vs^ gali 


r\d ffidde 

a false report. -sji^tI:^ to 
fan. -sSeaio^ wind to blow. 
rra^oioo^, n^^og^ galiyuni, ga- 
. lyuni, see T^eSodoo^. 
/ho^, r\od^, r\o-d^ gindi, gindya, 
gindye, s. A goblet, small 
metal vessel. 
/r\o£^o^ ginnali^, s. A goglet, cup 
I of bell-metal. 
ho^ gimpu, see ^^. 
ho^o, ho^oj gimma, gimmu, ^^^ 

nt^D^, nzd D^ gijaru, gijjarij, ^^^ 

nsS^lJ^ gijikitti, see -S-eS^&l^. 
Jhz^AzS gijigiji, ^^y.^^Soft, pul- 
/ pons. j./A chirping noise. 2. 
a rattle, toy. ~^^ the shrub 
Crotoloria verrucosa. 
r\'&'^'& gijibiji, ^^^ X^832a. 
v/ritoO^ gijilix, s. Confusion; also 
?N3Se;Dy. adj. Confused. -^S 
^?t^^ to become confused. 
T\iz gijja, «^^^'. Thick, full. s. A 

heap, mass, crowd. 
ne^^, h^, n^ gitty, gitta, gitti, 
s. Scoria, dross of smelted 
iron. — 3jdt1:^ to repair an 
earthen vessel with its paste ; 

J hei gitta, adj. Proximate, near. 
r\^ gitte, see -h^^ 

nc5"'on^, ncs^^^ gid^ngiji, gidijiki^, 

see t\\ 
hrs^ri, Ac^ri gidijige, gidage, see 

^lC3^^^) gid^puni, ^^^ t<^A^' 
-^Xsd gida, ^. A shrub. -^ixse3^ 

a medicinal drug. 
4T\Ti'^ gidaka, see t^\ 
Jr\^ gidi,^. The falcon <?r hawk; 
an eagle. ~^^ a kind of 
game. — j2?-do^ to play at 
such a game. 5s&— a black 
eagle or hawk, ^cct- a red 
ri^-S", n^=^ gidiki,gidike,^^^^4- 
na^^ gidipuni (^a), ^. ^. To 
make fast. 
Vn^zt)^ gidibidi, s. A small drum 
played by turning it up and 
down in the hand. 
f^^oSzD^^ gidiyavuni, c.v. {of 
Tx^odoo^) To cause to run, to 
drive, race. 
Ts^^^:^'^ gidiyuni (^S), v.n. To 
run. T.Sifjsr®o2oSbF^ to attack, 

Co ' 


T\^ gide, s. A partner in a game. 

2. see 82^. -^^^ to choose 

a partner. 

hci^ gidkijL, ^. A stopper, cork. 

v/ >2. a mouthful, draught. — o)e5 

a mouthful of water. 
- A 4) gidke, ^."A blind ^;' screen, 
made of palm leaves. 2. a rib. 
-ric^ gidda, adj. Small, short. 

— ^^^ smallness. 
./T»^ , nzio giddi, giddu, s. A short 
r\^, nz|d, hcig, nrl^^ gidde, 
giddele, gidye, gidyele, s. A 
dwarf, short man, 


T\zi gidda 

T\zi gidda, s. A kind of tonsure. 
T\d do gidderu, s. A race-buffalo. 
f\dd^ gidpu, J. Thickness, adj. 

Thick, stout. 
Acio gidje, s. A kind of cock. 
J -iadj. Short; c/. ^c§. 
hj:l^do3odo gidyedayeru, see 'h 


^r\£^ g-ini, ^^^ ^N^. 

4 Ar^nrS, hr?G^ ginigini, giniliji, 5-. 

The tinkling sound of a small 


J r\n^^p, nc3^c^o^, nrfodo^, nd^^ 

gidupuni, gidi^runi, giduruni, 
gidruni, see t\4F^. 
r^a^^ gidipuni, see ^as^^. 2. ^^^ 

A Ado^ gidpu, ^. Loosening. 

AC^, Ad^^J giravu, giravu, s. 
Epilepsy ; also 7\T^4"5j3eA. -3j 
^_2g^ to suffer from it. 3Jo^_ 
a kind of epilepsy. 

Ad^^, a^-& giraki, graki, s. 
A customer, purchaser. 

Ac^rl^ giragati, s. Family af- 
fairs. 2. influence of evil stars 
upon one's fortune, fate. 

AD girl, s. A mountain. 

T\t^Jl^^^ girikolu, see 'h'^^^F<sjo. 
Jr\t)r\ girigi, s. A female's under- 
dress of striped cloth. 
^ADnll girigitti, ^.^ child's toy, 
with wheels whirling round 
by means of a string between 
them. 2. a kind of gambling 
by turning round a ball, dot- 
ted with figures, in a plate. 

196 A^ gill 

^ADAOgirigiri,^>^Creaking. adv. 
Quickly, speedily. — §5oaos> 
to turn round with great 
AD£3^^e^^ giridi^popini, see 7. 
4^^. 2. see ?^Oodoo^. 

AOOJoog giriyantra, ^. Ruin. 
ADoiJseJgiriyata, s. Wandering; 


AOo^oo^ giriyuni Cab), 7\7z. To 

J wander, roam. 2.-^to suffer 

from giddiness. ^-5- to be 


ADojjd giriyele, s. A wanderer, 

A=5^r girk^, see 7\6j. 
A^^r^^ girkal^, s. The smallest 
fraction of a coin. [pes. 

A^X^ro^ girkolij, s. A wooden 
JA^r^ girpuni (^&), 7'.^-. To 
loosen, untie, break, pull 
down. ^6~ to pull down a 
house, v. n. To be loose, be 
pulled down, to break. 
A200FC3^D girbudari, s. Fate, 

A 0*02:1 gil^jimbi, see ^q^. 
A©^e3, gilikitti, see -a^^&S,. 
/Ao^, A©^ gilkii, gilki, s. Fear: 

iA'S' gili, s. A parrot; 9^. •^^S. 
— ^js'Oi a kind of mango. — ^ 
sroe5, — 8cro4ffie5 kinds of ear- 
A'^A^ giligih'j ^' A jingling 

A^ri^^ gihgejje, s. A necklace. 

M gili 


rioos^o gumma 

ri^djJS^ao gilimuku, s. A hooked 
nose. 2. an ornamental carv- 
ing on door posts. 
A^s^o^ g'icuni (^e^), ^'. «. To 
draw lines, to rule. 2. to 
scratch over with a pen, 
scrawl, erase; c/. -S^^sio^. 
'/t\^k:^ g"!!!^, J*. A line, stroke, 
mark. ~^Tid^ to draw a line. 

A^:^ gita, ^. A song, hymn. 

>/r\^D% A^do gir^, giru, s. A 

scratch, superficial wound or 

mark, slight incision. 
/a^COq^ giruni (^e^), ^. ^. To 

scratch, wound slightly hy 

the nails, cU. 
n^o^ gili;i, see rr^€. 
rA^?C)0^ gisuni (^ec3), v. a. To 

pare, strip off, shave, scrape. 

^■5— to shave the head, ?^e?i5 

c3Do3o a barber. 
iT\^7i^^ gisuli, ^^^ ^e?^^. 
rioofi gunge, ^. Mould, downy 

substance — si^^ to mould, 

get mouldy. 
rljoSo gunji, .y^^ ajsosB. 

I riooei, riooli, rioo^ gunta, gunti, 
gunte, see a-'soW. 

riooiJ^ guntake, s. A bastard. 

rloo^ gunda, s. The idol's apart- 
ment in a pagoda. 2. a 
closet, small room. 3. a kind 
of cake (^z- pudding boiled over 

riood^ gundala, s. iVn ear-orna- 

rioo^"S)o^'dgunpntara,,y. Sapping 
the foundation, undermining, 

^riooa gundi, s. An abyss, gulf, 
great depth. —^o^todSo one 
with deep or large eyes. 
rioo^T^ gundige, s. The breast, 
heart. 2. bravery, courage. 

Vrioodo gund^i ^' A ball, bullet, 
anything round, adj. Round, 
globular. — "^^ a grinding 
stone, roller. — irSj^sS a pin. 
—■do^o round. -^"^ a necklace 
of large gold beads. —33^'^^ 
guess, surmise. — sj^^?^, —53s 
^0^ to fire with a bullet, 
rijodo^^ gunduli, .s-. A round 

<r(oo^ gunde, ^.-Courage, adj. 

J ^"Round. ^'s^oso the heart. 

^ riooo^ gumpu, adj. Secret, con- 

v/rioo^ gumpu, s. A flock, as- 

'semblage, crowd, multitude, 

heap, ^^jszss^^ to collect. 

~j^ji>Tk)^ to assemble. — Xoo 

s:d5 in crowds, flocks. 

rloo^^ gummu, ^^^ Xoo^jj. 

-^rioo^o gumma, ^^Stench, stink- 
ing. 2. a quick, sharp noise. 
—eyb^ to make a sudden, 
sharp noise; to stink. 
nO os^o gumma, adj. Unequal, 


-^?8 an irregular 

rtoodo^, rioos^o^ gummate gum- 
made, s, A statue of Buddha. 
2. a kind of drum. 

Fioosjoo gummu 


Tidd guda 

rioodoj gummu, s. A noise pro- 
duced, as in firing a gun. 

2. cooing, as a wild dove. 

3. a cuff, blow. 

4 Tioodoj^ gummuni (aooSj), -v.n. 

To blow, cuff. 
J^rloodo gumme, ^-.^An owl. 2isi 
bugbear. -Sj?)^ a kind of 
fish. —AJiido^ to hoot. 7^& 
2^ the nave of a wheel. 
TioodooJoo^ gummeyuni (aoo^o), 

^. ;2. To rise. 
riooi^o gumsu, ^"^^ Ao^oo^b. 
v' rioosSr, rioozSr gurmpe, gurmbe, 
s. A pond, pool, puddle. 
rlooeooF gurmbu, see ?fj3Tjo20o. 
Ti^-^. gukki, see rfo^^. 
rioh o^ guggilu, s. Damp soil. 
Jrlorio gugguri, ^. Soaked grain, 
v/rlorij do gugguru, 5-. A small in- 
sect infesting grain or corn. 
Jrlorlo^ guggula, s. Bdellium, 
a fragrant gum of the tree 
Boswellia glabra, 
'[\yih guci, s. Buttress, stay. 
j\:^'i}i gucci, see ^o|^ . 

rlot^D^rJ, rijtio^^^, rlots^o^, rio 
t3e)d gujarani, gujaran^, gu- 
jar^, gujara, s. The mode of 
passing time. 2. livelihood, 
living, life. -^<^o^^ to live 
according to one's means. 

r(o23, rloziij guji, guju, adj. Short 

J and stout. J 2. whispering, 

speaking in an under tone. 

.-^ooa, --Xoo« a stout dwarf. 

—-^tr^ talking in whispers. 

r(otxJO?io2j;3j gujuguju, s. A boiling 

or bubbling noise. — ^jaasgi^i 

to bubble up. 
x\::i'i, guje, see ao^. 
rio2d^7^ gujjanige, s. A metallic 

oil-pot with a tapering mouth. 
l^::i^^ -^ gujjane, s. Quarreling. 
l\:,i;iX:i gujjari adj. Fruitful. 
jK^it^t gujjare, s. A native of 

t\:;^ guj.ji, see 'K^'S^f. 

M::S^^, t\^i^^^ gujji, guj7u, ^.JA 
pole or post fixed in water. 
J 2. conversing in whisper. — s:^ 
^^ to fix a pole in water. 

" rioto D^ ffWr^j ^^j' Curled. -?ro 
8is^, ~;^i5 curled hair. 

Vrlo^ gujje, ^.^ tender or half- 
ripe jack-fruit. 2. a kind of 
buffalo. —"^^^ a very tender 
jack fruit. a?^)- the fruit 
of Artocarpus incisa^ bread- 
riolJri gutige, s. A kind of drum. 

Yrij^j^CT, r(jyo=s^o gutuka, gutuku, 
s. A single gulp, a draught; 

^rloLlo guttu, s. A secret, mystery. 
2. one's private affairs, adj. 
Secret. — nsoSo a reserved 
man. -3j^^ to find out a 
secret, to trace. -?l>a^^ to 
consult secretly. 

r(o^ gutt^, see ^J'oB^. 

r(ow5 guda, ^. Coarse sugar. 

T\:iTit:^ gudadi, see Xoa^. 


riO(^ guda 


rior3 guna 

rioci^^^ g-udaki^, s. A narcotic 
composition of tobacco and 
other ingredients, used for 
smoking or snuff. 
rloC3e)c^ g^udana, s, A large vessel 
with small mouth; c/. Xo=#r. 
Jjiow^^ gudara, s. A tent, 
yrio^ gudi, ^. A small pagoda or 

7^:i^T\-i)6 gudigare, s. A turner 
and cabinet maker. 
^A:i^r\:i^ gudig-udi, see aot^oaoS. 

dicil^, gudisal^, gudisili^, s. 
A hut, shed. 
rio^a gudidi, see Xoa. 
rio^ro gudisi, see Xoa^. 

^r(odoo200 gudumbu, ^. Gulping. 
2. the noise of anything fal- 
ling into a well eU. 

s/ Xoc^orlo^ gudugudi, s. A hubble- 
bubble, hooka. 

*^rioc^or1odo gudugudu, s.^A rum- 
bling noise, as of thunder. 

2. a noise made in smoking 
tobacco in a hubble-bubble. 

3. a noise made in shaking 
a cocoanut whose kernel has 
dried within. — 3iDo20o, see SdSo 

riodo?:oo gudusu, see aot^o^. 
rlo^ gude, see ^ozf. ^^^ 

rioz3^, rijcl gudk^, gudka, see 

riodo^rtodO) gudkugudku, adv. 
Hastily, hurriedly. 
si rioci gudke, s. A crooked man. 
/ vj 2. a small earthen vessel. 

Jlio^o^ g 

udcilu, see Xoael^. 


rioc^j^oOrl guddumallige, s. A 
short, thick kind of jassamine. 
Vriocl gudde, s. A hill. -<2;do20o a 
kind of mushroom. — .sosd^^^ 
to ascend a hill; to forget 
what is learnt. 

r(ocle3j guddetti, ^. A kind of 
small prawn. 

Tiad^ guddele, s. A cultivator, 

Tiodzi^ guddam^, s. A blow, 
cuff, box. 

Tidzi OD^^ guddalam^, s. An arti- 
fice, expedient, shift. 2. fraud, 
deception. 3. a kind of mint. 

r\:i^ guddi, s. The stopper of a 
small phial. 

ii:iZ^6 gudyale, see Aoi|d 

Ti:^^ gudsi, s. The embodied form 
of letter ^ or ^, as in •3-, ^e- 

rioao^ gudsiliji, see Xoael^. 
-N^rloc^o gudsu, ^."^A kind of broom. 
2. a fetid smell, stench. -aS 
osob^ to stink. 

^. Hitting 

— SiJDc^O^ to 

hit ^/ strike from a distance, 
rioirs guna, s. A quality, pro- 
perty, attribute. 2. temper, 
disposition. 3. excellence, 
merit. 4. moral ^r physical 
improvement, recovery from 
sickness, restoration to health. 
5. use, advantage. — J^jse^good 
and evil. — ^oi an excellent 
man. —^h^ to recover from 

rio2lj?)oo gudsolu, 
from a distance. 

Ti^^ guna 


liodiCi guddu 

sickness; to win, gain. — § 
^0,^ to derive benefit. -tS:>^o^ 
^ to cure a disease; to 
decide in one's favour, 

r{^2^^ gunaka, s. The multiplier, 

T\:}'<f^T\i)t, rioDs-sa?^ gunagare, gu- 
nadige, s. A good or virtuous 
man. —a a virtuous woman. 

?iof?sc)^^d gunakara, s. Multipli- 
cation. — ^o^Ov^^ to multiply. 

r(jr?^ gunita, see 7(^^. 

rijriljsraj^gunitonuni, v. refl. To 
be pondering, thinking. 2. to 
be calculating, reckoning. 

rlor^S^^ gunipuni (^or^), v. a. 
To multiply; to calculate. 
M\^z^^t\SiI^, rior^orloraj gunugu- 
ttu, gunugunu, s. Murmuring, 
muttering, grumbling, 
j riorsjrijeJo.^) guriuguttuni (Af^soAO 
0), V. n. To mutter, murmur, 
grumble ; also Ajr©OAor©o 3j^ 

^^^- [murmurs. gunpanne, ^. One who 

tIjCcJo gunya, ^. The multiplicand. 

rlo^ gutta, -y^^ ao^^, Xo^^. 

r(oagCji)d guttadare, ^^^ ao£^tot5. 

rijSjjOij guttaya, ^. A stipulated 
supply, as of liquor. 

r(o^ gutti, see ^o§^. 
' rljo^ri guttige, s. An ale-house, 
liquor-shop. —crooSo the keep- 
er of an ale-house or liquor- 

r{o^?j"Sc5j guttinaye, s. A Bant. 
2. the holder of a manor or 

landed property with certain 
privileges attached to it. 

r(o^_j^ guttu, s. A manor-house 
with certain privileges at- 
tached to it. 2. a leap, 
jump. 3. a stride. -crooSo, 
see AoB^^soSo, -^^h^ to take 
strides. ^(S^daoo^ to jump. 
J r(o|gC3j)6 guttadare, s. The hold- 
er of a monopoly, a liquor 

rlj^o ^ guttruni, see Xosg^?). 

ilodcl, rijcj^ gudane, gudane, s, 
Solanum pubescens^ a kind 
of thorny shrub used in medi- 
cine. —^030 its fruit. 
Vrlo^)/^ gudige, .y. A club, cudgel. 
-'^\ a blow, hit with a 
cudgel. — s^^j resorting to 
force, transgressing law. 

T\^:^ti'^'^ gudipuni, see ^o^^^). 

rijrfjiijdo gudugudu, see 7(odio 


r»jC^ m^ guddanij, s. A long pole. 

^oo'Oj if lost it will be a stick, 
if gained it will be a mango 
(said of a doubtful enter- 

Jr\:iai guddali, see Ao£j|^e?. 
rioci^ guddaliji, s. A worn out 

rijcj-^eJ, ?ioc3^^L^ guddata, gud- 
dyata, s. Boxing culling, 

^rlodj guddu, A\ A 1)1 ow, ])ox, 
cuff. — ^<^ a stone used by 

riod:) guddu 

L, . „ 


s^Tioui^^ gudduni (ao5), v. a. To 
box, cuff, beat. 

l/riodvP €) guddoli, s. A kind of 
pickaxe. — ^-^oK a kind of 
sweet potatoes. —'t>o'\\ a kind 
of fish. — ^iDT^o^ to burrow, 
dig ; to dig a pit as the first 
ceremony of the Moharam 
festival; to ramp, lea'p and 
frisk about in play. 
riodJS ©^c^ guddolipuni (Ao;3j?^e5), 
"0. a. To dig with a pick-axe. 

>fr{Oc^or(oc^o gunugunu, see Aor^o 



rioO guri 

riodJs)^ gumaste, s, A clerk, 
writer. 2. an assistant. 
Vriosjjorlosjoo gumugumu, s. Noise 
of a multitude, -aojs-do^ to 
box, cuff, beat. 
Jriodookb gumutu, s. Fighting, 
riodjos;o gumulu, s. Fire burn- 
ing in embers, 
riodoo^o^ gumuluni, see A^oodoo^. 
V rlo^ojroo gumusu, s, A stroke, 

cuff, box. —^^hF^^ —oTOZ^O^ 

to strike, box. ^^^ SjoaS ao 
^oo?io=^^ ^j2^r 4.^^ mind, I will 
slap you, if you do not look 
rto?o^, rij^ gupita, gupta, adj. !/;^os:^jo7^o^ gumusuni (Xo^oo^), 

Hidden, concealed, secret 
rio5^ ^ guppuni (ao), t'.^;. To 

ir(v)^ guppe, s. A heap. 
rlot:)^ gubita, see X^b^. 
/rio^,, rioES. gubbi, gubbe^ s:^ A 

stud, ornamental knob. 2. a 
s/ button, ' '^,see 7(^^f. 
r\:t^z^7<id gumi^su, ^^^ ao^otjo. 
f\^^o^ gumate, see aoc-^&s. 
rlo^j^^ gumana, s. Doubt, sus^ 

picion. 2. regard, notice. 

-■rfo^o^^ to suspect; to take 

notice, attend. 
ro^j^?i gumani, adj. Suspicious, 

doubtful. —^^ suspicious 

r1o^3SrOjjf> gumlstige, s. Clerk- 
ship, writer ship. 

V. a. To box, strike. 

k/ziosSo, gumme, see aoo-^o. 

pour, shed, spill; also Xjsdo^, "^ 

^ ' ' ■'• ' ^riOD^o^gurijLmpe,^. A temporary 

reservoir in a dry field for 
the use of crop. 2; a puddle. 
/riod?ioljo^^ guraguttuni, see Xo 


J/iod^ gurane, ^. The snarling of 

a dog. 
YrioD guri, s. A hole, pit. —^^^ 
to dig a hole, a pit or a grave. 
>/ riot) guri, ^. An aim, mark, butt. 
2. liability, responsibility, -e? 
L^oi to be liable. ~4j^h^, _^ 
^0 ^ to aim, mark. 
r(jD=aDd gurikare, see AO^r-§. 
rloDrioo^ gurigumpu, s. Uneven- 

ness, roughness. 
rljOaJ^^^ guriyala, s. A game of 
the Pandu princes. 

riodj gVLTM 


rlotoF gurji 

riodo guru, j. A spiritual pre- 
ceptor, teacher, guide, priest. 

2. the planet Jupiter, Bru- 
haspati. adj. Heavy, weigh- 
ty; venerable. -a\^t>6q^ the 
instruction given by a Guru. 
— ^f^^ a present or gift to 
a Guru. ~dd^ venerable per- 
sons. -^^, ~^^ the position 
of a Guru; respectability, 
dignity; heaviness, gravity. 
-s:3rf the foot of a Guru. 
— 2p^ devotion to him. —■dy:^ 
his house ^r residence, espe- 
cially of a Lingaita priest. 
-o^ heavy and light; great 
and small, -totj Thursday. 
— ;6e^ service due to a Guru. 
-.^^^^^ to get a blessing 
from a Guru. 

rlodoocg, riodoosS gurumpu, gu- 

rumpe, see 7\oo:£,f. 
^ riodooe3 gurumbe, i-. Anything 

Ti^^"^^ guruku, see ao^of. 

rlodo^aooto, rlodoriooeo gurukunji, 
gurugunji, see XoAoro^. 
-. r1odo=s^oeJo,^ gurukuttuni (Xot^o^o 
0^), z;.?2. To snore. 2. to purr. 

3. to coo. 4. phlegm to rattle 
in the throat. 5. to roar. 

rtodo^ guruke, see Xjt^f. 

-^Viodortoeio. guruguttu, s. Snoring. 
2. see AoreoXoUj,. 


/Tiodorlodo guruguru, J. Snoring. 
2. the rattling of phlegm in 
the throat. 
r\^t;i^ guruta, see Tio^r. 

riodo^ gurutva, see under AO"do. 
riodocj guruda, see Xorfor. 

-^riodv)?:) gurubi, s. A sparrow; 9^ 

A02!)r, Aos!),. 

r(odos3c)d guruvara, s. Thursday. 
rlod^^ gurepuni, see ^ot5j^?). 
riod^yo^ guretuni (ao^?!3), ^.«. 
To hit a mark. 
~^?ijdOj=^Js6Q3)^ gurrukorepuni (Xo 
rJoj^jsT?), z'. ;2. To bark, growl. 
2. to snore. 
rio=^rs3^ gurkall^, s. Standing 

steadily or motionless. 
yisuni, gurkaysuni (ao^foso^, 
V. a. To frown, knit the brows. 
~j'2. to grunt, growl. 3. to 
menace, frighten. ■^. to snore 
?ioSe)Fd gurkare, s. Ahead-man, 
foreman, manager, master. 
—a a mistress, matron. 
v/rio=3^or, rio=ajF?1o=CTjr gurku, gur- 
kugurku, s. Koar of a tiger. 
2. grunting of a pig. ^^s^owo^^ 
to roar, as a tiger ; to grunt, 
as a pig. -^^s^^ phlegm to 
rattle in the throat. 
• rio^orllo-c^ gurkuttuni (Xo^ofO), 
?:;.«. Togrunt. 2.^^^: Xo-do^oyo^?). 
Vrto^r gurke, s. A very large 
IrbrioFotS, rioriJS)Foe3 gurgunji, 
gurgonji, s. The seed of the 
country liquorice, Abrus 
JrioSoF gurji, 5. 'A temporary 
halting place for idols, deco- 

r(j;^r gurta 


rici^ guhe 

rated with leaves, flags efc. 
2/a temporary shed covered 
with awning for offering ob- 
lations to the manes of the 
deceased Sudras. \ adj. Fine, 
small, short, little, --^e^r 
offering rice etc, to the manes. 
— ^uo^S) to erect a temporary 
shed decorated with leaves, 
flags etc. 

/riosr gurta, s. A mark, sign, 
token, symbol. 2. acquaint- 
ance, recognition. ~^h^ to 
become acquainted. — >§^Oj^i 
to identify, recognise. — ^jse 
SiD^oi to point out. -Ge^SJ 
to mark. — ^rff^^ to describe. 
— jj!^^ to recognise, —zi^'^^ 
to sign, make a mark. —"^ 
'^x^ to note, mark. 
7iC)di:)F gurdu, s. Sounding lead. 
2. a buoy. 3. a post planted in 
water to mark the spot where 
a net is spread, —zj^rid^ to 
fathom water ; to plant a post 
as a mark. 

Jrioe^r gurbi, s. A sparrow, ©o 
A^-, 20|^03o- the ordinary 
sparrow. ^&— a species of 
sparrow which builds a hang- 
ing nest. 
rioo; gula, 5. Condensation. 2. 
condensed sugar ready for 
putting in forms. 
7i:iOi>t), r\05;-e)2oo gulabi, gulabu, 
s. A rose. — ^?i, — cro^ a 
goglet for sprinkling rose- 
water. —^^5 rose-water. 

rioo-c)do© gulamali, s. A buffoon, 

rioej^sSj gulame, s. A slave, ao 

^JD-^^^ slavery, servitude. 
r1oo^23^ gulali^, s. A crimson 

powder used at the Holi 

festival; also -^a. — eoor® 

crimson colour. 
ri^e gull, .y^^ Ao^. 
^io^oo^oo gulumbu, ^^^ aos^^jo. 
r(j^oi:3* gulkandij, s. Confection 

of roses. 
rloe^, rlj^^s3DOJoo, rio(53^ gulma, 

gulmavayu, gulme, s. A disease 

of mesenteric glands ; a kind 

of colic. 2. .y^^ Ao5o^. 
rioex^ gulmu, ^^^ AO's^oo. 
yrioe; gulla, ^.^A kind of small 

mollusk. 2. ^^6' Ao^^. 
riog guUi, ^^^ ^>^%. 
Jrios^j gullu, s. A great noise, 

shout, uproar. 
Jriod guile, see Xo^. 


iriosSo^ guvelii, s. A well; 9^. eA) 


Vrlor^o gusu, i-.'.A whisper, -ao 
yo^^, _AO?jos:^iT^Ooi to whis- 
per, lisp, talk in a low tone. 

Jrloi^oOj^ gussuni, see Xo^^. 

riv)3o guha, s. A name of Gana- 

rioSoeJc^oS^) guhanipuni (ao^S)), 

TJ. n. To meditate. 
rlo3o guhe, s. A cave, cavern, 

grotto. 2. a den, lair. 
Fioso© guheli, ^^^ Ao^^. 

rid^ grula 


rij5?oj §:usu 

rio^ gula, see ?ro^. 

4 rio^ guli, ^/A pit. 2. loss, ruin. 
3. end, death. -e?E:^ to sink 
in, disappear; to fall into 
ruin ; to die. — ^<s^o. ^ to ruin 
rio^^r^ gulige, s. A pill, globule, 

J bolus. J2. the name of a 
demon. 3. the son of Saturn. 
-zi ^0^^ a fatal hour, in- 
auspicious time; a bad omen. 
9£>o^xj^ a demon haunting the 
rio2;^oo, /io^o=aj, rlo^osj^^ gulum, 
guluku, gulum^, s. A noise 
made by the falling of a 
stone elc. into a well. 2. loss. 
3. cheating, fraud. —i^^^-R a 
cheat, defrauder. — e?L^^ to 
fall into water; to be lost. 
-T^^^^ to defraud. 

Jrlo^orlo^j gulugulu, .s-. A noise 
made, as in filling a pitcher 
with water. 

Jrlj^ gnllsi, s. A kind of round 
brinjal, Solanum Jacquini. 
— zocJeS Solanum fer ox. 

^T\^^^ gull6, s, \ bubble, h. 
blister, pustule, vesicle. 3. 
see Xj£S?. 

JrSjSoTio gungu, s. The cry of an 

«ir(JSo2o gunji, s. The stalk in the 
midst of a jackfruit. 2. the 
germ-matter of a boil. -3X6 
c^ the core of the heart. 

Jr(j5oy, ?ij5oS3?^ gunta, guntige, 
j.A peg, pin, stake. -=??^^to 

make a peg. — s^as^^, _3^aajjo 
^, — dj^yj^^ to drive in a peg. 
i rijsri guge, see aog^. 
-^risjss^OQ^ gucuni, j^<^ aos^^. 
r1JSt3c)5j^ gujavuni, ^. -y. {of a«) 
&(o^) To cause to ooze. 
VriJS^eo^ gujuni (a-^^), v. n. To 
ooze; ^. eru^3^o?). 
riJS^ guje, ^. A goglet made of 

cocoanut shell. 
rijseJ, rijs^ guta, gute, j-^^ ajsow. 
r(sJ5(2e)^* gudak^, ^^^ aozss^. 
Mjsc^o giidu, s. A nest. 2. a co- 
coon. 3. a bird-cage. 4. the 
hollow in a seal for receiving 
a stone, -^yo^^i to build a 
nest. §>7\6Ti- the hollow of 
the chest. 
-/rijsri gude, J. A kind of basket. 

riJScS gude, ^.-^rolapsus of the 
anus. 2. see Xoci^. , 

JrijSoJj gunu, ^. ^A hump. ^2. a 
mushroom. ^Aja^ a hunchback. 
Jr(J5bo guru, s. Asthma. 2. 
cough. -CA)e3^erf asthmatic 
riJ3do^ guruni (ajsS), ^. ^. To 
pile up, as rice, firewood, 
stones, etc.\ also Xjsx^oaeL^^. 
J 2. to stick in, fix. 3>to hoot. 
4. to make a plough froo3j5_ 
to stick the pole of a yoke 
into the ploughshare; to 
make a ploughshare. 
f\'Si)'§F gurke, see Xo?ror. 
rljasSoF gurme, s. A kind of bird. 
■^r(j5?l)^ gusuni, see Xos^sj. 

rlJS^ gule 



TiJ^^ gule, s. People leaving a 
place en masse on account of 
invasion or famine. 

TisSd gri^ha, s. A house, mansion. 
adj. Domestic- -^^^ house- 
hold affairs, -sp^ domestic 
trouble <9/* quarrel. 

7l^3o^0F^, rv^sd;^-^©/^ gruhastali- 
ge, griihastolige, s. Respectabi- 
lity, honesty. — tooS:) a honest, 
upright man. — crof an honest, 
upright woman. 

A^A> gri^haste, s. A house- 
holder, married or family 
man. 2. an honest man. -a 
a respectable woman. 

7^ ge, a particle signifying^ It is 
said, they say etc.; also t^^. 
z^^X 'i^^^-^ it is said that he 
came. 2o^^>^, 20^f^t5 he says 

that he is coming. 

f\At geggara, see 'f^'^^- 
ri^^o^ gejeluni, see Xdoo^i. 
/t^z^^, f1^^ gej7a, gejje, s. A small 
round bell, tinkling orna- 
ment. —"^^-^ -Jo a knife t?r 
sword with the handle orna- 
mented with spherical bells, 
etc. — ^^ small stones, iron- 
^ a stick with 

-;C)ja a 



sif\od genda, s. A live ^r burning 
coal. -e5?irodj a dance upon 
burning coals; also — ;6e^. 

1 f\oti genda, adj. Reddish. —^-5, 
see 'KoTi'^. —-t-^ , ^^^ ^oa. 
T^od^, rioi^^ gendali, gendale, s. 
A reddish coloured cocoanut 
tree. -i5j3oa a kind of red 
eruptions on the skin. 

Jt^oS) gendi, s. A reddish cow. 

^riodo^ genduni, ?7. a. ^"^o win, 
conquer. ^. n. To be hot, to 

J riod gende, ^. A reddish colour- 
ed ox. e93^ro25_ a tawny 
coloured cocoanut. 


bells attached to it. — ^"^i 
a neck ornament of gold 
with chasings. -^^^ the act 
of worshipping gingling bells 
when put on dancing girls for 
the first time. 

f\\}i,, 7le3. getti, gette, s. A lump, 

?^e3,s:joo2ld gettimandele, s. A 

T\zk^ genike, s. Calculation, 
estimation. 2. regard, esteem. 

rirJ^ci genipuni, v. a. To count, 
reckon, number. 

rici gene, s. Coupling; cf. ^t. 
— 7^"5 an associate. 

f\t^^:i'^ gettonuni, see i^A^^. 

f\-^ oT\-^'^'^ gedungavuni, c. v. 
(of -R^oXo^) To get rammed, 
stuffed in. 

r^n^orio^, ria^^gedi^ngunijgedi- 
puiii (^SoK, 7^a),z^.^. To stuff, 
push in, ram. 

rid do ^ gadaruni, see ^a^o?i. 
-''riaodoj^ gediyuni (^^a), -v. n. To 
be rammed, stuffed. 

rio^c^ geppuni (^), v. a. To take, 
receive. 2. to buy, purchase. 

Azx gebba 


rl^D^ ^eri^ 

3. to draw, pull out. 4. to 
steal. 5. to draw back, open. 
6. to dismiss, discharge. 7. 
to dig, excavate. 8. to re- 
move, take away. 9. to ex- 
communicate, interdict. 10. 
to press, express. 1 1. to dis- 
honour; to ruin. SjQoco og;^ _ 

' CO 

to ruin a person. -S-pSS 2^^^ 
4— to draw out the purse 
from the pocket. ^j?>^— to 
knock out a tooth. aoO_ 
to steal a bundle. aoQ— to 
dig a pit. S3^^— to discharge 
from service, s^d^— to excom- 
municate. 4^B~ to take one's 
name; to dishonour one. ero 
■S-^- to open the door, -sioos^^o^^- 
to draw out a thorn, "d^j— to 
express juice. ?3siSj?)^^ to 
purchase articles. ;dsej_ to 

fiz^M^ gebbatti^, s. Confusion, 

^%^li^^ gebbattavuni, c. v. 
{of ^2o^y^^) To perplex, con- 

rizo^yo^^ gebbattuni (^^^o^^), "o^n. 

To be confused, perplexed. 

\f\i.\ gebbu, s. The temples. -Xo 

^jsbr?), _Xo ^e^^^^i, —cii^F^ to 

beat on the temples. 

At^o^o^^ geyipini, see 7(^h?i. 

?^do3 geranti, see t^oB. 

rlci^iDd geracara, see 7^e^"d. , 

At§^ geratte, see X^^^. 

ricJsjO gerama, see t^-^. 

A6^ geravu, see t<^^. 
T^d^ geraste, see a^^^d' 
\/fi6 gere, ^. A line, row. 2. a 

stroke. — sjbc^j ^jseejj a ruler. 

-s:^cli^,— ^^^^ to draw a line, 

to rule. — ^l)0U0jS> to insist. 
rid^^, ridsj^ gerepuni, gerevuni, 

see A)So5^^. 

ri^^c^ gerpuni, z'. a. To raise, 
lift up; del. ^4^^. 

• f\^z^ gelavu, s, Sprightliness, 
liveliness, vivacity, courage. 

•^AOz^'y), ^^i)C^ gelipuni, gelpuni, 
see "Roz^d^. 

-Jf\^jQ^:> gelkayi, s. Victory, win- 
ning, adj. Victorious. 

Jt^^o^ gelpu, s. Victory, gain. 
— ?6j?>(yj^ gain and loss. 
Ad^ gellyi, s. A branch, twig. 
ri^cs* ged^j see ^eS. 

^A^m^, r^^ra gen^, gena, s. A span 
from the tip of the thumb to 
that of the little finger. ~'so::i 
a span long. 

Jri^rS geni, s. Rent, contract. 
s^ojoo— , ■^x^<sJ— a permanent 
lease, perpetual rent. — sleS 
a lease, -as'^, -tooSo a tenant, 
contractor. ts7}^~ tenancy 
at will, annual rent, sssosj 
d- rent for a fixed time. 
— 's'y^^ to fix the amount of 
rent. —K^O,St?js?:r^ to lease 


out. — 4s>^5j6" a tenant. 
A^-^ gena, see s^^. 
J ?^^D^ 05)050, r^e5^c>o^ gerykayi, 

f\tt> gera 


f\^i^ gotte 

gerekayi, s. The marking nut. 
—^ Tisd the tree Semicarpus 

x\^-6 gera, ctdv. Around. — sijTii 
^ to surround. 

f\lt^^ gerja, s. A kind of bird ; 
also — ^-CTj. 
nI?^^© geli,^. Ridicule, jest, mock- 
ery, insult. 

T^^ou^ geindale, ^^^ T^crf^. 
■>/^^^ geipini (^^), -.'. ^. To do, 

fi.eoj gaibu, ^. Missing, disap- 
pearing. 2.3'^^A5e^- 3. .y^^ 
soTDi)^. _e?^^ to disappear. 

7^^D»geiru,«^. Unoccupied, adv. 
Not, without. —5oD&!5 absence. 
_^^3d5 e?^^ to be absent. 

7^^6oJo geireya, .y. Red chalk. 

ri^^* geil^, ^. A bell-sound. 

v/T^JSorl gonga, ^. A large cowrie, 
7^J5orio=3^ gonguka, s. An oil tree. 
2. a bunch. 

-/i^J3c2c, r^JSc^&o^ gonci, goncil\ji, 
^. A bunch, cluster. 

-i ?^J3ot^o gonju, s. A tassel. 
jis^oxi gonda, ^^^ ^jsci^. 
J^j^o^ gondi, ^. A button. 

'Jf\S)o-^ gonde, ^. A cluster, tassel, 
topknot. — cj ai&5^ a fringe 
with tassels. -^ a kind of 
flower resembling the mari- 
gold, eroaail- an ornament 
put in the hair of females. 

^T^JSoeo gontu, s. Knowledge, un- 
derstanding, acquaintance. 

-eflb^ to become acquainted. 
^CA)^^ to know. — ■do'^OK^^ to 
find out, ascertain. oSoc^ 
7<si>oB?§, I do not know. 
rijSod^s^jszS, rlJJodo^^ gonda- 
lapuje, gondlupuje, see -Rj^i^czi^ 

Aj^c25 gombe, s. An image, 

puppet, doll ; also eSjsod. 
fiJiti doF^ gojjaranna, see Tiodi-czF^. 
-iAj?)7:B gojji, ^. Boiled juice or 
pulp of any fruit, mixed with 
cocoanut, salt, chillies elc.^ 
seasoned, and eaten with 
boiled rice to make it savoury. 
T^JS^ gojje, see ^jsf^. 
Aj^'ti gotta, see t^jsW^. • 
7^JSe3-5),;^ gottana, see 7\oyo^. 
T^jsli. gotti, ^. A kind of play. 
VT^JS^a gottu, s. The kernel of 
a nut, as cocoanut, almond, 
castor oil seed elc. 
JAj^d^ godave, s. Interference, 
connection, intercourse, con- 
cern with. 
Jf{J^zi:> go^d\i,adj. Barren, sterile. 
—^?^ barrenness, sterility. 
f\Jz)dd ?3«)0^ goddusaru, s. A kind 
of pepper-water made of tama- 
rind, chillies elc. 
fij^d godde, s. A Pariah. //. 
>^c§ 5, ■Rjss'd OOF the name of a 
sub-division of Pariahs. 
J'rijsra^j^ gonasii, see ap©c3. 
JAj^^o^ gottu, see -^c^. 
JAj^t^ gotte, s. Sweepings, rub- 


7^J3d ffoda 


F^JS^ocJj gondvL 

Aj^)ZSA^z^ godagoda, see ^jsei 

-• r^jJd^^ g:odduni (^S), '^'. (3^. To 
pick or devour, as a fowl. 

JAj^d godde, s- Lisping, stam- 
mering. — easosoCTsoSo a lisper, 

^ AJz)^ gone, s. A bunch of fruits, 
as plaintains, cocoanuts. 
r^J3^ goppu, see ^^jss^. 
Aj^^ goppe, see a 33. 

•JriJSZ^d gobbara, s. Manure, 
sweepings. -s:i)t13^ to manure. 

J ?^J323|i y g-obbata, s. Diversion, 

<f\j^zz-^.^^ gobbavuni, c. v. {of 
y^^eoo^^) To make one play. 

..,f\Shi:.\ gobbu, s. A play, dance, 
game. -&^K a play-ground. 

J 7^J220A ^ gobbuni (^-^"^S^), v. a. To 
play. 2. to trifle with, mock. 

JT^JSm© gobbuli, s. A bubble. 
t\s^''1, gobbe, see eSjsd. 

rixdo^, t\S}-6'^ gorante, gorate 

see -Rj^^tSo^. 

7^J?u^o goraku, see t^js^f. 
/ij?)C!^Ori gorastalige, see /^^^ 

rijsc«)^?> gorijana, ^^^ i^jsoTS.-a^sij^. 
f\Jz)^F gorke, ^. Snoring. 
riJSir gorte, s. The final pre- 
paration of a field for sowing. 

sijoo^ golambude, gollumbude, 
gollumunde, s. The angular 
leaved physic-nut, Jatropha 


^\j\s>^ golle, s. A man of the 
cowherd or milkman caste. 
-a a female of this caste. 
— ^ cowherds. 

f\^^^ golaka, see ^js^a. 

r^js^ go, s. A cow. -^^ a 
block of stone set up by the 
roadside for cattle to rub 
themselves against, —-c^-^ a 
gift of cattle. — -doodo cowdung. 
-tSjosd a spout or fountain, 
made like a cow's head. 
—-^^^4 the sacrifice of a cow. 

7^JS^o=s^o gonku, s. A cashew 
fruit, -s; ^:i-^ the cashew tree, 
Anacardium occidentale. 

f\^^o^^-6^^ riJS^o=^ gonkuru, 
gonkru, s. Rocking, as a child 
does on its legs and hands. 
2. a lullaby used when so 
rocking, adj. Large, great; 

Cf. 7iR)0O-^b. 

v/f^JS^o^o gontu, adj. Dried. —^ 
^050 a cocoanut the kernel 
of which has dried within. 
-4b<^o an unripe dried betel- 
nut, -^wo^o) to get dried. 
T^JS^ccJ^^^, Aj^^otSd^'d gon- 
dalapujcjgondlupuje, J. A speci- 
al worship of Durga in ful- 
filment of a vow, performed 
by decorating her image in- 
doors and by dancing in the 
outer court, with music and 
T^X^oCJj gondu, ^. Gum; the 
gum arable of Acacia arahica. 
— SDT^^ri to gum. 




fiJ^^^ gopu 

riJ5^o?iD^ gompari^, adj. Large, 
great. — ^A. see ^js?c33. —^\ 
a large cocoanut shell. — ^^ 
w^e3 a large kind of cap made 
of the areca leaf-stem. 

jiJS^oiS gompe, s. A toad, pad- 
dock. -^2. see ^jse^. 

Aj^^^£^f gokarna, s. lit. A cow's 
ear. 2. a celebrated place of 
pilgrimage in North Canara. 

riJS^^j goku, see ■Rji>^o=^o. 

riJSp^oQ-) gokula, s. Cattle. 2. a 
station of cowherds. 3. the 
place of Krushna's early life ; 
also ?iorf^?^oe;. _59i5,,3o the 

^ birthday of Krushna. :^jse^o 
^^ Krushna's frolics when 
at Gokula. 

T^JS^s^d, Aj$^2^ii^ gocara, gocara, 
s. Perception, conception, pe- 
netration. 2. an object or 
organ of sense. ~^h^ to be 
visible; to comprehend, un- 

?^JS^2o goji, s. Interference. 2. 
intercourse. 3. confusion. 
—E 4's^L^ to forget. <25>odj j^jse 
^K 5§/Je^c^ have nothing to do 
with him. 

riJS^^o gotu, s. Embroidery; 
lace. — Sio^^ to put on a lace 
border elc. adj. see /^js^cyo. 

f\^%Ti goda, s. A horse ; bet. ^j^ei^. 

mukhe, godamri^ga, s. A dunce, 
fool, simpleton. 
T\:i^^^ godl, ^i^'. Erect, straight, 
direct, -^'s??:^ to go straight. 

T^JSe^oSJS^^ godiyavuni, <:. i\ 
{of 7^?aodJo^) To join, knit 
together. 2. to prepare, get 

j^J^e^o^jj^ godiyuni (^^e^), v. n. 
To join, connect. 
Jf\^^^ gode, .s\ A wall, -t^e^^ 
to raise a wall. 

T^JS^ra gona, ^. A he-buffalo; 
see ^e?5. 
Jf^JS^rJ goni, ^. >/A sackcloth, 
gunny bag. 2. a malignant 
kind of small-pox. — ^^ 
sacking. -^js-rfo^ to fall a 
victim to malignant small- 
pox, ahus. 
N/rij?;(=cl gone, s. '*'A h^-buffalo. 
I.fig. a stupid fellow. 

fi^^-i^ gotra, ^. A family, tribe, 
lineage, a^ ^?^ c3t)cB?:;)o3o a 
destitute man. 

?^J3^:3-sdO godavari, s. A river 
so called. 2. the name of a 
v/t^jS^D, riJ3^5 godi, godhi, s. 
Wheat. ~'^::i^:i^ a kind of 

T^JS^a^ godikke, s. An unmar- 
ried Pariah. 2. a nickname. 

?^J3^CJj^ godudi, s. A quilted 
bed sheet. 

7^J3^o5-3s3 gopale, ^. A herdsman. 
2. Krushna. 3. a beggar. 4. 
the name of a man. 

r^JS^^ gopi, s. A herdswoman. 
2. yellow ochre ; also i^^t'do 

At^js^^ gopu, s. A thin girdle. 

rijs^^ gopu 


riJS^s^ g-osva 

J r^J3^^^ gopuni (-^^y z'. n. To 
hold fast a tree with hands 
or with a rope. 2. to join. 
7^JS^og)d gopura, s. A tower. 

T^JS?^ gope, J. A chief of herds- 

rijses^o gopya, adj. Secret, hid- 
den, preserved. ~-^o7\^ a 
secret. t^^^otId secretly. 

riJS^z^ gobi, .y. A cabhage. 

riJS^sJogoma,^. A peevish woman. 

T^JSe^ooa, riJ5^s3j^5)^ gomanta, 
gomedhika, s. A gem of a 
yellowish <?r tawny colour, 
topaz, onyx. 
AriJS^do^, T^js^d^ gorante, gorate, 
s. The prickly amaranth, 

?^JS>^d^^ gorat^, see ^jsi^oO. 

F^J3^dc3^ gorajina, see ^^Sj^^dd^. 

Mj^^6i^6 gorabale, ^. A large 
hand-net. ^^^^^ 

■^Aj^^66 gorale, s. A small hand- 
F^JS^D"3t;i?^ gorajana, see ^J3?<5j3?3:i^. 
riJS^D gori, j*. A grave. 2. a 
burial ground. 
Jj^JS^do^ goruni (^^^e^), z>. a. To 
dig from, out, oruj), as coals 
eU, 2. to gather, collect, pile 
up. 3. to catch fish by a 
hand-net. 4. to level a 
ploughed field with a plank. 
fiJt)^6 gore, J-^^ ??j3eT5. 
T^JS^do^ gorely, ^6"^ ^(?-dd 
riJS^d^oioj^ goreyuni (7?Js?T5e), 
^'. ^. To drive toi?ether. 

rij^^e^JS^Si^ gorojana, s. Gall of 

cattle, Calculus cysticus. 
f\S}^tT gorte, see ^js^^f. 
r5js^s3r gorle, see -Rj^^-^e. 

Aj^^7:j1)F^^ gorsavuni, 7>.a. To 

r^JS^G^ gol^, (idj. Round. —"^^ 
oi to make round. 

?^JS^e;oc3£)?3^golandasi;,5'. A gun- 

riJ3^e;o2oosl golambude, see -^.j^^o 

i^J3^0 goli, see t^js?^. 

r^j^e^^JS^ golikotte, ^. The 
great great grand-father. 

f\j5^0zi:)ii golimara, see :^e^^Tj. 

J ?^J3^e;o golu, s. Grief, lamenta- 
tion. — S3AJ^, —td^r^ to be 
affected with the evils of 
another's grief. 

F^JSf^joh^ golungila, ^. A plain 
ring, a guard ring. 

r^JS^d gole, see /^^se^. 

f^JS^sj J govate, see :^js?sosjo. 

riJS^dq^r^ govardhana, s. Tlw 
name of a mountain. 

7^JSesjQ3, T^JS^s^Sr^, rlj?^;je)d go- 
vale, govalige, govale, s. A 
herdsman; cf. 7^.s?s:De3, ^js?^. 

T^JS^Ood govinde, ^. A name of 
Vishnu. 2. the name of a 

T^j^^s^ govu, si'e 7^J3?. 

risis^d gove, s. Goa. 

riJS^s-aD, riJ3^5^6 gosvari, go- 
svar6, s. An abstract, sum- 
mary; also Tia^A^. 

ri^?^ goshti 


7^V^ gOU]^ 

fiJ^^h. ^oshti, s. Conversation, 

fiJS^?^S ?^J5^^0 gosi^, gosu, adv. 
Leeward. 2. seaward. — ^ 
yj,^ to shift the sail in order 
to direct the vessel seaward. 
~ii^^, —^qh?i to steer sea- 

rijs^^oosJoaj, Aj^^7<iohf\ gosampa- 
yi, gosampige, s. The flower of 
the wild champaka tree, Plu- 
meria acuminata. 

?^JS^?^-5)05o gosayi, s. A sect of 
Sivites. 2. a religious mendi- 
cant, [^a cow. 

riJS^3o4^ gohatya, s. Killing of 

rijs^^ go la, s. A globe. 

7^J5^7;^=^golalie, s. An illegitimate 
son of a wddow. 

7^X^^D=5^d golakara, adj. Globu- 
lar, spherical. 

T^JS^^^y go lata, see y^jaeejo. 

f\S€^^ goli, s. A marble. 2. a 
ball, bullet. -'^^ gun fire. 
Jj^JS'^^rf^od golidamara, s. The 
large banyan tree, Ficus 

j^JS^^srid golipadpe, ^. A kind of 
potherb, Nyctanthes tristis. 
JtIjs^^o golu, see /^?e;o. 
^f\j^^^ gole, ^. Hollowness. ^(//". 
Hollow, void within, --^i^ 
a hollow tree. 
1 Tf^o^ goundi, s. A female slave, 
maid servant. 

A^oz^o goundu, s. Swelling. — ^ 
y^^ the body to be puffed up. 

Ji^od gounde, see a"^(:§. 
J?1^2o gouji, ^. A noise, tumult, 
uproar. 2. alarm agitation. 
3. magnificence, grandeur. 
-=3=Ji3j^^ to make noise; to 
threaten. — -^j^o^^^i to shout; 
to be magnificent. 
T^zi gouda, s. The district of 
/ Gour.^^7K^:^. 
J 7f^^ goudi, see t^o^. [-f^l^ 

rr*^c^o goudu, adj. Peevish, fret- 
rf^caoeoo/i^^ goudubangaii, s. A 
trick, artifice, stratagem. 2. a 
trickster, cheat. 
J rf^i:! goude, s. The headman of 
a village, ^/^. 2. a man of a 
caste of farmers. 
Tf^z^D^'i gounadike, s. Great- 
n^cl goune, see ^^^. 

rf^asJo, n^;^s3j goutama, gouta- 
me, s. A name of Sakya 
Muni, Buddha; c/. Xoc^a 

Ti^ari goudige, .?. The seat of a 

n'*^0 gouri, s. A name of Parvati. 
2. the name of a w^oman. 
— ^ balsamine. 

n^DoT^^'sra gouripashana, ^. A 
tawny coloured mineral poi- 

rv^d goule, adj. Tender, unripe, 
sapless, as a sugarcane. 
JT^T^dfi gousanige, s. A bag^ 
case, cover. 

rt^s?^n^^ gouli^gouli^, s. Chew- 
ing or eating voraciously, as 
betel leaves ek. 

f^^ ffoula 


nSj^ graste 


n^^, 7l^^^?j^ goula, goulls^, s. 
Digestion, -^h?^ to be di- 
Sjf^^ gouli, s. A kind of lizard. 
—^3^0?^ the chirp of a lizard, 
considered ominous. — s^ 
a treatise on the omens pres 
aged by the chirps eU. of a 

7f^^f\ goulige, s. A milkman. 

T^^O gOUlu, ^^^ Tf^f 7f3f. 

Tfs^ goule, see A^e3. 
He) c^ gnana, see di^^. 
HD ^ gnani, ^^^ s^^- 



Ac) 3J=a gnapaka, ^^^ ^E,^^ 



rloq^ grantha, s. A book, work, 

7iy^€)f\,r{^^j^0f\ grastalige, gra- 
stolige, see X^<^^e7i. 

A^ graha, s. A planet. 2. an 
evil spirit. — ^s^ooz^e; an astrolo- 
gical diagram or table. — ^jsW 
conjunction of planets. -XS, 
~t3^d the motion of the 
planets; their influence on 
the human destiny ; fate, luck. 
—TTO^ the mansions of the 
planets, ci^i- the nine planets 
as enumerated by Hindus; 
vtz^ tjjic^f the sun, dc^ the 
moon, s^oX^ Mars, t^^^ Mer- 

cury, 2^^^^^ Jupiter, ^j5, 
Venus, ^oi Saturn, i:ssoj the 
ascending node, ^^^ the des- 
cending node, sj^e;— convul- 
sion of children. 

rahana, s. Keception, 
acceptance. 2. comprehen- 
sion. 3. an eclipse. — ^s^ the 
occasion of an eclipse. 

rlsdc? grahani, .y. Rickets, a 
wasting disease. 

A^'i grahike, s. Understanding, 

r1j2o^?j, rijco^jj^ grahipuni, gra- 
hisuni (^20), v. n. To under- 
stand, comprehend, perceive. 
2. to consider, ponder. 

T^oh granti, s. Habit, practice. 
2. appetite, longing, eager 

rra^e^sd gracara, see under X)^. 

rra^ra grana, see Aj^r^s. 

rgjC^ grani, see Kj^A. 

rgjdo grama, s. A village, ham- 
let. -^4j^ the custom of a 
village. — ^jaw a village coun- 
cil. — cjsoa^, -^a villager. 
AD)^_g rural, rustic, unpolish- 
ed, inelegant. 

rra^?^ grasa, s. Amouthful of food. 
2. food, subsistence. 

n^j^ graste, see t^^^- 

^- glia 


ttJi^Z ghora 


Tj- gba, the seventeenth letter 
of the alphabet. 

^cy ghanta, see =5^cy^. 

j^j^olo ghanti, see ao^. 

^c^ ghante, ^. An hour. 2. a 
clock; ^^^ Aca 

^0^ ghandi, ^^^ aoS. 

^os^v^*' ghamiz, ^^^ aoSo. 

^^y ghata, s. A large earthen 
water-jar. 2. the body. 

^U=^,^ ghatakkane, see Tiri^^. 

ejj^y?^ ghatane, s. Contact. 2. as- 
semblage, bringing together. 

^ij:^33r ghatasarpe, s. A large 

■^Aj ghatta, s. A ghaut, defile, 

^IJ el ghattane, see ^ue3. 


^11 ghatti, ^^^ A^. 

c^^j)d^ ghadavane, s. Joining, 
uniting. 2. invention, manu- 
facture, coining. 3. fabri- 
cation, concoction. 

•i^ct ghadi, see 7(^. 

^r^^rsghanaghana, s. The sound 
of a ringing bell. 

^-^ ghana, s. Respectability, 
honour, dignity. 2. hardness. 
3. solidity, substance. adj. 
Heavy. 2. noble, great. — s 
greatness, nobility, glory. 
~Ti^.t^ the cube root. 


^^oghama, s. Fragrance, odour. 

^^z5^, ^^:^F gharimi^, gharmi, 
see A,3or. 

^^f\ ghalige, see a^^. 

^De^^ ghatu, see 7^0. 

^e)^, ^^^, pD^r\ ghata, gha- 
taka, ghataga, s. Murder, 
slaughter, killing. 2. trea- 
chery, fraud. ^^— suicide. 
^e-si- destroying life, mur- 
der; suicide. ^s^^Ti— treach- 
ery, breach of trust. «;ije)^^, 
v^^T^ a murderer; an execu- 
tioner; a cheat. 

sd^-sa ghati,^. A matter becoming 
serious. 55§?" e^Br ^j?)o e?cS 
what was meant for a joke, 
has become serious. 

o[?^cj ghada, s. Depth. 

^e)E^D ghabari, see i^z^b. 
^J^sQiio ghaya, s. A wound. 

^d ghara, ^<?^ ad5. 

^/>) ghasi, ^. Fatigue, trouble, 
toil. 2. conclusion, exhaus- 
tion, termination, death. —'^ 
t^ to be troubled, fatigued; 
to die; to conclude, finish. 

^^^ ghali, s. Air, wind, breeze. 

pj^^d ghoda, s. A horse. 

^J5^d ghora, adj. Frightful, 
horrible, dreadful. 

2S na 


2^og^ candra 


2C na, The eighteenth letter of the alphabet. No words begin 
with this letter. 



^c ca, The nineteenth letter of 
the alphabet. 

z^oA^ cmg^, s. Guimbard, Jew's- 

-/ 2ao/i, 2;^ori^, E^oridoofl, s^ori 

5Jjo?^> cans^a, cangane, canga- 
manga, cangeimangei, s. A 
frolic, gambol. 2. hoax, hum- 
bug, deceit. —Tio^\^ to de- 
ceive, impose upon. 

2:^o?Tc)05o cangayi, s. A friend. 2. 

s^orioC) canguli, ^- A preparation 
consisting of jackfruit, jag- 
gory, the juice of cocoanut 
and rice. 

t^gZc camca, s. A spoon. 

z^ozi^ cancala, adj. Fickle, wa- 
vering, unsteady. ~^^, — sg 
fickleness. -^?ioJ fickle 
mindedness. iiczi6 a fickle 

T^ouf cand^, see sScS. 

ei^odcanda, J. Vehemence, fierce- 
ness, obstinacy. 2. offspring. 
3. host, multitude, adj. Vehe- 
ment, fierce, obstinate. 2. 

2^oC3c)C^o^ candaduni, see sSo^ro 

e;^oC3e)s3 candale, s. An outcast. 

Pariah. 2. a wicked man. 

Jt^o^ candi, ^. Wetness, adj. 

Wet, moist, humid. — s^cS 

very wet. — -^^o^^ to wet. 

Zdo^, 2^0^=^ candi, candike, s. A 
name of Parvati. 

E^oc^o candu, see ^oS. 

zio'd cande, s. A kind of drum. 

2^o:l5jOd candemara, ^^^ ^cil. 
ie^od canda, ^. Beauty, elegance. 

z^odrl, 2^ocjo=?^, s^cc^orl candaga, 
canduka, canduga, s. A small 

2^od?^ candana, s. Sandal, San^a- 
lum album. 

2^ogj candra, s. The moon. -^e3 
a digit of the moon. — ^^ 
the colour of the rising moon, 
red. — =??Tir©, _7<)Sdr® an eclipse 
of the moon. _ eSoeo the 
moon's disk. 

s^od^^s* candraka, j. The eye in 
a peacock's tail. 

2^ocS,=5s)o^ candrakanta, ^. A kind 
of gem. 2. alabaster. 

2^0 d; candra 


2^^*' caki^ 

2;^ogj^e)ovl candrakanti, s. The 

moon-flower, Ipomoeagrandi- 

s^od^^EjS^vl candrajoti, s. A blue 

light, a kind of firework. 
E^od^^T^ candranage, s. A ser- 
pent with a crescent-like 

stripe on its head. 
'doz^x^ti candrabare, ^. A red 

kind of plantain tree. 
s^odz^^s^O candrabavali, s. A 

kind of ornament for females. 
2^od,^oo^e; candramandala, s. 

The moon's orb. 2. an idol's 

whirling car. 
s^od^sjod^^ candramadake, s. A 

kind of fish. 
2^od,s^jodo candrajnuru, s. A fe- 

male's ear-ornament in the 

form of a half-moon. 
'doJ^-^0'6 candravamsa, s. The 

lunar race. 
s^on^jOljjqScandrayudha, see 'd'^y 
2^0 q^Q candrari, s. Ketu, the 

ascending node. 
2;^oC3^^3 candravati, ^. The name 

of a city. 2. the name of a 

2^ca^=^ candrike, s. Moonlight. 

2. the covering of a letter 

written on a palm leaf. 3. 

palm leaves rolled and tied 


s^od candre, s. The moon. 

-^2^o?d canna, ^^VBed. 2: hand- 
some, well. 
n/s^oc^cScJOSo cannanayi, ^. A wolf. 

s^oF^^?^ cannalige, s. The red 

2^oo5c)2oJSdo, 2:^o^wj^dj canna- 

buru, canneburu, s, A kind of 

'do'^ canne, ^. A kind of game 

with cowries. — ^?6 a board 

with two rows of seven holes 

for arranging the cowries. 

_:;^j380o^^ to play at such a 

dotj^ campaka, s. The flower of 

Michel ia champaka ; bet. tjo 

2^0^ campe, see eisS^. 

2^0 20, 2;^o2co camba, cambu, s. A 
small water-pot; cf. 2^0200. 
2. a barge, fishing boat. 

2^o23?)d cambare, see do-^i^-^. 

2^o2^r^, 2io2oori cambige cambuge, 
s. A shoe. 2. a bad smell. 

2^023^0 cambeli, s. A cunning 

2^o2uJ3^, 2^o5±)^ cambodi, cam- 
madi, s. A sledge hammer. 
2. skin, leather. 3. a scourge, 

2^oS^Js6 cammare, s. A shoe- 
maker, chuckler; cf. ?i^07^-5. 

.z^o^o cammi, ^.-Dampness, mois- 
ture. 2. a kind of water- 

2:^o2oor carmbu, s. A blossom 
without setting fruit, adj. 

2^o200FQ carmburi, see 2i^±)oro. 

2tf^^ cak^, Ji?^ 2^^^. 

2;^^^20oa caki^bandi, ^^^ &^^0;Sioa. 

2^^ cakiji 


T^k^ catix 

e^=5<^doo^ 2^=^si)0-S-, cakijimuki, 
cakamuki, ^. The steel with 
which fire is struck. — ^^ a 
flint stone. — sod^o^ to strike 
fire with a flint and steel. 

^"^odi cakanda, see si^^orf. 

2:^=^2^=5^ cakacakiji,^^'. Slow. ad-v. 
Shortly, suddenly. 

e^€J5)^^ cakotra, see ^"^^i^- 

2:^=5=*, cakk\^, adj. Hollow, without 
>/ kernel. 2.'4tunted, short, lean. 
^ ^3. flat. — ^^03j a hollow 
cocoanut. — -^ozS a flat head. 
— "dog? a low seat. — "sSjjs^o a 
flat nose; also ?:»o5^jjs^o. 
Vd^cakka, adv. Quickly, at once. 
—^0^0^^ to sit at once, with- 
out observing where. 
/2;^=^orf cakkanda, j.Plausibleness, 
speciousness. adj. Plausible, 
specious. — tooSj a plausible 
man. — s:d^ a plausible 
speech, flattery. — sj^^o^ to 
say what is plausible, to flat- 

t^^^^ cakkatt^, hdj. Low. 

2:^=3^,3^, cakkappa, adv. Down, be- 

z^=^,^:^ cakkamy, see aisoSo. 
e^=^sJoo^ cakkamukki, ^^^ s^^ 

z^^d cakkare, ^. Sugar. 

Z^^. cakki, ^. An ornament worn 
by female children. 

2^=5^05 cakku, see ti^^. 

T^'a^uot^ cakkubandi, s. Boun- 
dary-stones. 2. jurisdiction. 

J 2;^ ^0)0 cakkuli, s. A cake made 
of rice flour, salt eU., and 
fried in oil; also ^o'^c^zi-d o. 

-te^j.0s^od cakkulimara, ^. The 
Manilla tamarind tree, Jn£-a- 
'd'^^jp cakkulli, s. The pum- 
plemose or shaddock, Citrus 

J2;^=^cakke, see ^\. 
'd^^ cakkeliji, s. The bosom. 


z^'o- cakra, s. A quarter rupee. 
2. a wheel, circle. 3. a pot- 
ter's wheel, coach wheel. 4. a 
discus. — aS two equal parts, 
as of a cocoanut. — ^ocl^ a 
kind of small white cloth. 
— e^^r© a wheel shaped fire- 
work. —^3^0 a mendicant's 
drum. -^^ a necklace of 
gold ringlets. 

2^=3^ ^3r cakravarti, ^. An em- 
peror. — ^> an empress. 

2^^ cakri, s. Vishnu. 2. a 
potter. 3. a snake. 

'i^T\^ cagane, see tioii. 
^'dr\':i^ cagule, s. A bug. 
J 2:^2;^ d caccara, ^. Haste, speed, 

2:^25^ =a caccouka, s. A square, 

2^^<^ cat^, tntj. Fie, fie! adj. 
Useless, excessive. 4*^2^^ 
very sour. -^S, .y^^ 3il3x;Q. 
J 2^^^ cat^ka, J. A snapping 
sound, adv. Quickly, briskly. 
-^eL^) to walk briskly. 



2^^ cadi 

''J ^3^ i,^ cati^kkane, adi'. Harshly, 
rudely. — ^f^o) to say rudely. 
s^ej cata, s. Energy, vigour. . 2. 
the germ of a disease, the 
remaining symptoms of a 
disease. — c^s^^^^ to eradicate 
a disease, —^^qh^ to lose 
energy, be tired, weary. 
2;^y=a cataka, s. A summary me- 
thod of offering to the manes 
of departed ancestors. 

^2^y^ catakka, s. A slapping or 
cracking sound; c/. eilH^. 

J2;^l]2;^eJ, ei^sj^ catacata, cata- 
pata, s. Noise produced, as 
in slapping or cracking a 
2^e3r?) catini, s. Grain or fruit 
pounded, made into a thick 
paste with chillies, salt, eU. 
and eaten as a condiment 
with curry ; chatney. 
2;^l3ooe3 catipiti, adv. For noth- 
ing, uselessly. 

^t^li^^ catila, s. A cracking 

Jt^^, catt^, End, dissolution, 
termination, death. 2. ex- 
haustion,^ consumption, ruin, 
demolition, extinction. — =5^^^^^ 
^, _c24^^, —-rfo^o^^ to exhaust, 
spend away, tire. 

J^ei, catta, s. A litter, sort of 
a palanquin. 2. a bier. 3. a 
window frame. — =3^wo^^ to pre- 
pare a bier. 

i ^s^y.c^ cattane, adv. Suddenly; 
c/. 3i%?3. 

s/s^li, catti, s. A broad-mouthed 
spittoon. 2. a chamber pot. 
2^13, Q^ cattini, ^^^ ^^'f^- 

£a^o, cattu, ^. A country pony. 

iS * * _ 
2. see 2^13.. 

42:^^ catte, a;^'. Flat, level, with- 

j out inclination. ^-^^ a flat 

J'^^,nD6 cattegare, s. A native 

who assumes European dress. 

2^e3, 2^13, catni, catni, ^^^ s^^^- 
p3 < • • 

2;^C3*2;^t3^ cadi^cadi^, ^^^. Quickly, 
speedily. — iorfA ^ss^tjo^ to 
mount a ladder quickly. 

2^:3^^, z^zi^ cadi^ta, cadata, see 

z^:i^ cadati, s. Dissimulation. 
2, see Ti^r. 

2^C5^2;^^ cadacadi, see eiwsiy. 
2. 6"^^ EiSs^S. 

2^j^-i)o5j?oo^ cadayisuni (eizs^osooJ), 
^. ^. To increase, raise or bid 
>C higher, as price. ^2. to beat, 
strike, flog. ^js?^— to put 
in stocks. ACA?d-d— to swal- 
low liquor. ^^^- to smoke 

'dz^^ cadavu, s. An ascent, 
uphill. 2. increase, enhance- 
ment. 3. a kind of country 
shoes. — -^^-^^ to raise, en- 
hance, as the price; c/. ?iz^ 

2^C3^5^^ cadavuni, v. a. To as- 
cend, climb. 
2;^cs"5?;jO^ cadasuni, see 2izssoso?i3^. 
2;^^ cadi, s. A notch, indentation. 
M 2.^a whip, stripe. —^4^^, 


s^c^o cadu 


zi^ cani 

— •sii^o^oi to make a notcli. 
—^^=5^0^ to whip. — ^ ^o?6 a 
joining bench, groove-plane, 

S^do cadu, J. The belly. 2. a 
pleasing discourse. 

e^dorij cadugu, adj. Bad, de- 

z^zi:^^ caduta, s. Persistency, 
obstinacy. 2. a bet d?^ wager. 
— S3s^-dj^ to speak persistently, 
to provoke. 

z^d cade, j. A kind of bag. 

tadg cadta, s. Daily <?/ regular 
observance of rites or cus- 
toms; cf. ^oioF. 2. see zixi^^, 
aji— a diary. 
v/s^do cadpu, ^. Leanness, thin- 

zi£7) cana, ^^^ tx^* 
^2^r?)a^ canilyi, ^^^ s^^^. 

^3^6ot\ catijirengi, see ai^^^. 

s^^OD^ catur^, num. Four. — X 
^the four sides or boundaries 
of a land eic. frous. 

s^^od catura, adj. Clever, dexte- 

z^^odori caturanga, s. Chess. 

s^^jdofieoe; caturangabala, s. An 
army consisting of infantry, 
cavalry, elephants and war 

^:^6 cature, see «3^^t5. 

z^i^o^F caturthi, adj. Fourth. 
s. The fourth day of the lunar 
fortnight. ~s?t^^ the dative 
case, gram. 

s^^odr^ caturdasi, s. The four- 

teenth day of the lunar fort- 

z^^os^rnr caturvarga. The four 
objects of pursuit: justice, 
wealth, pleasure, and heaven. 

e^:^jdrr9r caturvarna, s. The 
four castes. 

2^^os3^rd caturveda, s. The 
four Vedas or ancient scrip- 
tures of the Hindus. 

e^^o^-g^cj catushpada, adj. Qua- 
'i2;^c3^D^,e^rfD^,e^cJd cad^r^, cada- 
r^, cadara, s. Dispersion, dis- 
sipation, scattering. ~^h^ 
to be dispersed, scattered. 
—^0^0^^ to disperse, scatter. 

iz^dD^s^j^), ddD^^ cadaravuni, 
cadaripuni, c. v. (of ds^o^) 
To disperse, scatter. 

Js^cJdj^ cadaruni (sirf^), v.n. To 
be scattered, dispersed; also 

z^a cadi, s. Obstinacy, pertina- 
city. — -rfo^J*^?! to be obstinate. 
2ia^_ revenge, retaliation. 
-^dJoJ) cadupu, ^. Skill, ingenu- 
ity, cunning. — ;^j3e&i^4^ to 
play tricks. 
s^dod cadura, see £i^"d, s^i^ojor. 
s^djjS cadure, see &^^t3. 
Jz^d cade, s. Severe fighting. 2. 
destruction of life. 
2^c3c)c^ canani, s. Great harm. 
2. quarrel, riot. 3. desola- 
tion, waste, ruin. 
z^^ cani, see -A?^. ^see 7i^6. 

J'i^^^ canilvi, s. A squirrel. 2. 

s^fl canna 


2^zo caba 

t^^ canna, see ^o^. 
^s^sis^sjcapacapa,^. A noise made 

with the mouth, as a pig in 

'dsti^ capate, see si^. 
"dtjUz^Tf caparas^, see "dz^^^. 

e^sj^, 2^3J^ capala, capala, adj. 
Waving, moving. 2. fickle, 
unsteady. 3. swift, quick. 
—t-^., —^^ fickleness; quick 
perception. ~t>'^-6j^^ a man 
of quick perception or ap- 
prehension. — ^^co fickle- 
mindedness. ^^^ a woman 
with quick and moving eyes. 
2. Laxmi, the goddess of 
wealth. [O5o?i3^. 

d53"So5j?do^ capayisuni, see ^zii> 

2^55e)4> capavu, see ^zit>^. 

'dh capdi, see ei^^a. 

2^sj. cappa, adv. Fast, firmly. 
2. suddenly. —^^^^ to stick 
fast. — so^^ooi to fix firmly. 

e^^ cappa, ^^^ £^33^. 
>/2^^or( cappanga, s. The sappan 

tree, Caesalpinia sappan. 
^'i^tj^ cappatyi, adj. Tasteless, 
insipid. 2. bad, worthless. 

s^sj.^ cappate, s. A worthless 
person, adj. see df^. 

'idti'^. cappatte, s. Cooling. 

2i^cs2)Z§ cappadaci, s. Coaxing, 
flattering. 2. fabrication, in- 

'dti^ cappadi, see si^.a. 

eisj ^ cappanna, adj. Fifty-six. 
—^^^ the fifty-six countries 

enumerated by the Hindu 

z^s^D^ cappari;i, s. A kind of 

dried fish. 
E^^D^ cappar^, adj. Low, cast 

down. —^.^0200 an ornament 

of a devil-dancer. — sojs-do^ 

to be low. 
-/^^^d cappara, ^. A shed, pandal. 

— -doosi a cot with posts and 

curtains. — sj^i^o^i to put up 

a temporary shed. 
V?;*^^^^^ capparipuni (s^^^), "o. 

a. To smack the lips. 
7^ ^53^, ^^^ cappal^, cappali^, 

s. A shoe, sandal. 
/e^^^ cappali, s. Clapping the 


/s^^^^^^ cappalipuni (^^^), ^'. ^. 
' To clap the hands. 
2;^33^,o5o?oO?i cappayisuni, see ^^ 

2^35^5^ CappavU, ^^^ ef^SjD^. 

s^^, e^^ cappi, cappe, i". A 

stamp, seal, mark. 
2^^ ^ cappudi, s. Concealing. 

2. legerdemain, jugglery; also 

-Ae5. 3. the play of 'hide 

and seek'. 
Vs^^ cappe, adj. Tasteless, insi- 
pid, unsavoury. 3. cool, vapid. 

4. trifling, worthless. — &5d5 

quite worthless. 
2^33^?^^ caprasi^, s. A kind of 

drill cloth. 
e^zj^Dd, 2:^2oo=ac)d cabakara, cabu- 

kara, s. Soap; fuller's earth; 

also ?i20o^5, ?fe20j3jdo. 


s^eoo cabu 


•^0 cari 

s^eoos^sdotf cabuki^imara, see ^4^ 

2^2jj=ctO cabuku, s. A whip, -rf 

^■rf a Casuarina tree. 
t^si3^=5=«)c5^cami^kan^, ^^^ aiE:^^. 

2:^sjj^rra6 cam^gare, ^. A shoe- 
maker, chuckler. — "rf ero^ a 
chuckler's awl; (^/^^ ?jSo7\:s-d. 

2^ ^2;^ cam^ca, see "d-^. 

72^s^ol3r^ camatige, s. A sledge 

2:dS^oc^ camada, ^. The skin, 

E^Sjos^d camatkara, ^. Clever- 
ness, dexterity, artifice. 2. 
astonishment, surprise. 3. 
wit, eloquence. 4. anything 
curious, ingenious or ex- 
traordinary; also 'd-^-^^-K. 

t:^do3^7^,cainattige,^. The flower 
of Pyrethrum indicum. 

e^doDsJOxii camarimr^ga, s. The 
yak, or bos-grunniens, 

^^dsJ^^i^ caman^, see s^So^^. 

e^^jo^^ camipuni, see ^^^^. 

s^s^o camca, s. A spoon, ladle. 

z^ojo caya, ^^^ t>,°^^- 

z^oSj cayi, ^^t? ^^-s- 

2^o5os-) cayila, see t^^. 

2^0^0200 car^mbu, see do'i^^c^T. 

'dt cara, adj. Moveable, lo- 
comotive. —3§oo^, eiTO^ move- 
able or personal property, 
Vz^cJs*, z^d'S'o carak^, caraku, s. 
Merchandise, cargo. 2. goods, 
articles; bet. ?:Jd^. 

s^d^g^ caraky,^. Machinery. ->So 
7^f4^ to set a machine in 

'dst'dt caracara, s. A noise made 
in spurting ^r throwing water 
from a pump, ^.see gl&elD. 
— ^e^ an even accumulation 
of water in a field. — sjuirjo^ 
to prattle. 
>/2^dcj carate, s. What is coarse ; 
leavings or stalks. 

2^dra carana, s. The foot. 2. a 
foot in poetry. — ;6e^, see '^^ 

2^ del carane, s. Pasturage, graz- 

'dx^h'^t caracara, adj. Moveable 
and immoveable. — •^7i>^'?<o 

animate or inanimate things; 
the creation, world. 
2^crarOj^ carasti, see under d-d. 
^2)^07^ carige, sik cooking utensil 
of copper or brass. 2. see 

2^Dr^ carige, see 'd:>QAz7. 

2^0^, 2:^0^, 2d dJj carita, caritra, 
caritre, s. A history, story, 
narrative. 2. conduct, be- 

2^Dq3) caripu, s. An offering 
presented to an idol and 
then distributed among the 
people present. 

2;^D^^ caripuni (ei&), v. a. To 
quake, tremble, shudder, shi- 
ver; cf. rft>4^. 

2^0o3)^ caripuni (e^b), ?•. «. To 
move; wander. 

2^,do caru 


2^ej calla 

2^ do, e^dod caru, caruva, s. An 
oblation of rice and other 
ingredients to the gods or 
n/ demons. V2. a small fish. 

2^ do 200 carubu, ^^^ Eicaoor. 

2^6 care, ^. Small shots. 2. the 
head; 3^/. ^"5- 

2^=s^r carka, ^^^. Straightly, 
directly. — "dwo^?) to splash 
off, as mud. 

^■^F carki, see ii^i^. 

2^2^r, 2;^2lr carci, carce, s. Dis- 
pute, wrangling, —■do'^^^ to 
dispute, reason, argue. 

t^ar cardi, s. Vomiting. 

2:^3Jr^, 2;^sJr^^, '^^■?)Fb^ carpa- 
tiji, carpatt^, carp at ^, ^4/'. 

2:^33)^ carpu, ^^^ ^^^. 

•di^F carbi, ^. Fat, grease. 2. 
arrogance, pride, y%-. 

2^sJor carina, s. The skin, hide, 
leather. — s^dt^s^^ to flay, peel, 
skin, bark. 

2;^ door D carmuri, s. Parched rice. 

.2;^odor, 2io3or carya, carye, s. 
Observance of rites or cus- 
toms. 2. conduct, demeanour. 
a?^— a diary, chronicle. 

z^zSf carva, see £i"rfo. 

2^sdrr3 carvana, ^. Chewing betel. 

2:^o^3Jb^ calijipat^, see iiAp- 

2^^ cala, see ^<^- 

^ ^=a^ calaki^, s. Dexterity, parti- 
cularly of the hand or tongue. 
J^^^'^t) calacala, s. A noise in 
wading through water, as 

children make while playing. 

2:^^^ calane, s. Motion, move- 
ment, adj. Wandering, roam- 

2^^3Jb^ calapati^, see £i^0. 

zivzi'o calavala^ s. Alarm, con- 
sternation, agitation. 2. ex- 
haustion, weariness; c/. ^sy80(*;. 

2;^o^sJ^ calapala, s. Agitating 

2^5^-3sdr^ calavani, s. Currency, 
genuineness, as of a coin. 
soooa— drawing a bill of ex- 
change. — ^ ^^^o a current 
coin. --^0^^^ to make pass 
or current. 
/^O call, s. Cold, chilliness, 
shivering, as in ague. adj. 
Cold, chilly; also TiO. -^e^ 
the cold season. —7(^, see ^ 
^ =??. _sjjs«9 cold wind. — si'd 
ague. —=5^0904^ to warm. — ^ 
a3o<ij3r®o?) to be warming one- 
self. ^7j^ ^ to catch cold; 
to be afraid. -ex)c^ 4^?^^ to 
be relieved of cold ; fear to 
Me^^ calipuni {^^), v. a. To 
shake] move. 

2^000, 2^^ calimi, calmi, see 

2;^e> eS. calpatte, see si^. 
>/2cO^ callu, adj. Stupid, dull. 
2. timid, timorous. 3. imbe- 
cile, weak, useless. [bell. 
2^0^ "§■ callyike, s. A kind of small 


'^o calla, s. A noise of a fall 
with force. 

^o calla 


7^^ cala 

eae;oAa)o5o callang^ayi, s. The 
Sepistaii plum, Cordia myxa. 

'd^oii callante, s. A kind of 
>/s^e)r3, ^^r^, s^^^c^ callana, cal- 
lana, callana, ^'."^liort breeches, 
reaching only to the middle 
of the thighs. 2. a mat of 
straw rope. 3. a covering 
for a horse. 
•^2^0-3^^ callapini i^^-, 'v. n. To 
get weak. 2. to become use- 
less. 3. to fail, lose; cf, ei^. 

' ' y no 

2;^a5)ajO callapilli, ^. Confusion, 
disorder. 2. dispersion, scat- 

v^g calli, ^."A chip. 2. a reed. 
S.'d, potsherd. 4.v^a kind of 

J2^e;o^ calluni (£^§,), 'v,n. To 
spill, shed; to disperse. 

>yds3 calle, j. >'A weak 6>r timid 

CO ' 

man. 2. the name of a man. 
2:^53 oj?3 callepille, 5. Youngsters. 

PO PO ^ 

^e^^ where shall I take these 
little ones? 

2;^sJ^ri cavadio^e, see s^^ci^. 

e^s^cl cavane, 5". An instrument 
for drawing wire, pincers, 
tweezers. — S sjsS -Bii^^ to 
draw wire through it. 

s^dd cavara, ^. A fly-brush. 2. 

z^wQD cavala, s. Half a rupee. 
2. the ceremony of tonsure 
of a child, 
at 12] per cent 

eoa interest 

s^D cavi, .y. A disease of newly 

born infants. 
e^s^ceio cavuntu, see si^ow^. 
E^^oeJOo^ cavuntuni, see si^oUo^. 
2^d)=5' cavuka, ^^^^ ^^'^s'- 
2^ ^=3^^ cavuka li, ^^^ ti^?f<^. 

2^53)^=^^, ^^^^^ cavukasa, cavu- 
kasi, ^. Cleverness in dealings, 
marketing with judgment. 
2. leisure, respite; bet. ?33^ 

2^5^-S-, e^^=a cavuki, cavuke, see 

2;^^d cavura, ^^^ ^■^^• 

2^5jD"3r%i^ cavurasij, ^. A square 

e^sgs cavuri, ^^^ ^^'^^ 
J2^^0, 2^s^^ cavuli, cavuli, adj. 
Cold, —o)?^ cold water. —2^0 
as very cold water. 
J^^^, 2^sS°^j cavul^, cavulu, 
adj. Brackish, saline. -£il?:<S)o 
poor or infertile land. —44^- 
nitre ; earth salt. 

2^sJ^^^o3j cavulikayi, s. The ve- 
getable Dolichos fobas for 

2^3oejS E^so-sc^ cahal^, caharyi, ^. 
Expertness, dexterity. 2. 

z^s;^^ calakv, .y^^ eic^^- 

2^^^ calaki, j. A kind of bra- 
celet, made of gold and coral 
Js^'^s^v^ calacala, ^. ^A. bubbling 
noise. j2. glittering. -^>3o 
2iJ?i to glitter, glimmer, shine. 

2^^ cala 


25"33J capa 

2^°t;^^oosjj*, e^^j^ozoo cala turning, 
caltumbu, s. A double cone- 
shaped ear-ornament worn 
by females. 
-/d^ call, see 2ie5. 

c^^i,-^ calli^, ^^^ £i^. 

2;^°^ calla, J^^ E^^ij- 

z^^sjjd oallamara, s. The mon- 
key-fruit tree. 

2^c) ca, s. The tea plant, 77?^^ 

. viridis. 2^ lemon grass, 
Andropogon schoenanthus. 
3. infusion ^;' decoction of 
the leaves of tea or any medi- 
cinal plant. — ^^ the tea 
leaves. -"^^Ov^oi to prepare tea. 

t3c)o^ canti^, see ^^^. 

£5150^ cante, adj. Lame, crippled. 
—535 a lame leg. 

2/3«)or3"5)s3 candale, see aio^s^d 
Jz5£)odo^ canduni (e^soS), v. a. To 
fling ^r dart a spear. 

t52)Oo5c):^0ci campaduni (£^os:d5), 
V. a. To withdraw, get out. 

t5«;o^ campu, s. A knot, as of 
an angling tackle. 

25e)o2jj^ cambuni (^^^so^), z\n. 

To flee, escape, run away. 

^ 2. to close, shut, shrivel, as a 

^ flower. V, «> To lift with a 

t5^^ cakijL, .y. Chalk. 

2-5^=5^^^ cakatt^, ^. A kind of 
bracelet made of coral and 
gold beads. 2. a packet of 
tea. —^ ^Jr5, ^^Fs^^a^Doso a 


bead of such a bracelet. 

^5D=^D, E5b|;j cakari, cakri, 3-. Ser- 
vice, employment. — i3do3j a 
servant. -•;ios;^o^^ to do ser- 
■^ e5i)2^j^ cacuni (^-td^), '^'. a. ^0 
stretch out, hold out. 2. to 
2.3e)^* cat^, s. Exchange, barter ; 
also 1^^. — -^^j^^ to barter, 
tic)^^ cati^, s. Force, current. 

^e^rf— current of water. 
t5-sy^, t5^y=s^doo J cataka, cata- 
kamantra, s. An incantation 
for destroying or subjugating 
a person. 
2^^ 13, e5^^ cati, cate, ^"^^ ^^^. 
J^D^ cadi, ^. Defamation, slan- 
der. 2. talebearing, -tvjt? 
a slanderer, talebearer. — ^ 
Tj^ _s:s;^-d, — ?joa slanderous 



-/ 2^2)^0^00^ cadiyuni (^^a), z/. ^. 
To slander. 

£5^^o^ catappu, see &^^. 

L5c)<B cati, see epS. 

t5e):^od cature, s. A clever, dex- 
terous person. 

t5c)^oojjr caturya, ^. Eloquence. 
2. dexterity. 3. cleverness ; 
also ^^^— ^^'. Skilful, clever. 
— crooSo a dexterous man. 

e5«)^«)oo2)^ canahani, see ii^D^. 

ZSD^ canu, see s^?^. 

e5D?^J5Q;j canulu, ^. A woman's 
neck ornament. 

e5e)sj^e)c5 capakane, see 93^.^3^. 

u^t> capa 


2^d ava 

^e5e)3if§ capaue, ^\ A lever. 2. 
see eps^. 3. ^^^ ;d3 3j^. 

t5c)^?oo^ capisuni ^^^ epb?jo^. 

t5s)^ capu, ^. The cock, as of a 
gun. 2. a piece of a cloth 
or web, containing several 
garments elc. 3. a shop; 
det "3^4. — ^ zJe;Da3j a thin 
metal plate. ^o-Rj^^-^zS-, ^(sj 
^c^ a piece of cloth contain- 
ing several towels or hand- 

Z5«)^ cape, ^. A mat; deL si^. 2. 
see epsS. — Tiejosj a kind of 

t3e)SJo cama, ^^^ ^^. 2. 5^^ a^^^o. 

Z3e)SJod camara, s. A fly-brush 
of the hair of yak or bos 

25^^js=s^d camikara, s. Gold. 

25"5)SJooo^ camundi, ^. A goddess 
so called, a form of Durgi. 
2. the name of a female 

tjs^o came, see ■^^. 

^3^ojJ,^5c)o3Jcaya, caye,^^^ epo3o. 

Z5«)0Sa cayi, j. Ink. 2.^^^ epoSo. 

-i xs^T^ caryi, ^. A kind of pepper- 
water; also*70zB. 
2,je)d cara, ^^^ £^^- 
t5e>d7^ carage, s. A cocoanut. 

i5e)drJ, i5e)dDS carani, caran6, ^. 
Smearing a wall or floor 
with mud, chunam or cow- 

ZJ'SD cari, s. A traveller, sj;)::^- 
a traveller on foot. 

^5■^D^, caritra, see sis^. 

t5c):^o=5=5?S^^6carukanesIre, see ^-^^ 

e5c)6 care, s. Features. 2. food. 
>/' ^3. a cocoanut tree; cf. ss^. 

Z5^S3D?=-^^^5 carkhanesire, s. A 
female's cloth with inter- 
woven flowers. 

i3e)S3e)r^ caivaka, adj. Sceptical. 

2. sophistical. 3. opposed to 
the Hindu scriptures. — -^^ 
scepticism, tjsss^r^ a sceptic; 
a sophist. 

£52)0^ cal^, see s^e5. 2. ^^^ ^ee;. 
— siOD^ behaviour. 

e55)e;ri^r?) calageni, ^. Rent for 
one year. — el^O a written 
agreement for one year's 

z^'D'^'5^ calakiji, ^. Dexterity, 
cleverness. — tooSj a dex- 
terous man. 

t5^£) call, ^. Nature. 2. habit. 

3. conduct. 4. scorn, mockery, 
scofiing. — "rfj^o^^ to mock. 

^5■^0^^) calipuni {^'^^^), ^'. a. To 

mock, ridicule, jest. 
^35)©^d calimara, ^\ The tree 

Ocimum grattssimum. 
^3^)Oo3J caliye, see sseSoSo. 
S5e)0??j* calls V, ^2/;^/. Forty, adj. 

Weak <?r near sighted, s. A 

pair of spectacles. 
t^^, £5^0 calti, caldi, adj. Of 

daily occurrence, j)ractical. 

s. A routine of business. 
255^^ cavadi, s. An open hall, 

or veranda in front of a house. 

^3^d cava 


z^b^ citijL 

2. a public place where busi- 
ness is transacted. 3. a lodg- 
ing place for travellers. 4. 
a demon shrine. 

WD^^ cavala, see iisi^. 

2Jc)^^^ calipuni, see t^^ss^o). 

s^orid cingara, s. Ornament, 
decoration, embellishment; 
beauty; deL "^^ct^t^. 

2^oA0 cingiri, s. A kind of fish. 

v/t&oA =^ cinglike, ^. A large kind 

of ape. r^ ?j^^t5. 

2^02^0?^ =^6 cimcimsakkare, see ^ 

2;&o3^5«),oi cintakrante, s. A 
man overwhelmed with sor- 
row or anxiety. 

2^o3ijs:^oc5 cintamani, s. A fabu- 
lous gem which gratifies its 
possessor's wishes. —5^^^ a 
book on omens, —-^o^ an 
incantation supposed to grati- 
fy one's desires. — -^is^ a kind 
of pill. — odob^ a talisman. 

2^oi cinte, 5". Thought, reflec- 
tion, consideration. 2. dis- 
tress, grief, sorrow. 3. an- 
xiety, care, uneasiness. — <^ 
4^^ to be anxious or sor- 
rowful. -■sSo'^o^^ to reflect ; 
to care. 

^^0^ cindi, s. A rag. 

^aoa^ cindidi, adj. Spotted. 
—■dd-^7^6 a spotted turban of 
black or red colour. 
>/^5c^ cinna, s. Gold. 

z&o'^D^ cinnali, s. An immodest 
or incontinent woman. 

". Little, young, 

^z&o^ cimpu, see>^23^oh. 2. see 

7 el^. Js. a bunch, cluster, sot 

€cS_ a bunch of plantains. 

z&osjj cimma, see ^^. 

2^^^ ciki^, t'nlj. Fie! 

^§S^D^ cikijriji, see 2iK5, ^K5. 

2;^=ad cikara, see 23^^-d, 
^2^^^ cikini, ^^'.^ender, young, 
small, s. A chicken, —^'^^o 
a piece of tender, boiled 
arecanut. — =^j3?5 a young 

z^^i cikitse, ^. The practice of 

2^=5^ cikki^, ^^^ 

J'^'^y cikka, «4/ 
small, short. 
^^^■5)d) cikkani, see siotrerS. 
e^S"s,r3^ cikkasi^, ^. A cash, trifle. 
— rf trifling, worthless. —^ 
20oa a mean disposition. 
V2;&^cikke, s. A dwarf; the name 
of a man. 
e^^j^^^ ciknoli, s. A syringe. 
2^n^i cig-i^te, s. A slit of a leaf, 
^^^.; ^^/. ^^. 
>f2^n^& cigi^ri^, s. A sprout, bud, 

72^n^do^,2;&r!odj^ clgijiruni, cigu- 
runi (Saf\5, elTsoS), -^^ /2. To 
sprout, bud, germinate. 
e^riOrJ^ cigalis^, s. A method of 
treating diseases by oils and 
ointments. 2. see 2^^^- -"^^ 
^^o^o) to treat a patient by 
that method. 
e^^^ citi^, s. The influence of 

T^kif citi^ 


2^^ ^ini 

evil eyes, —^jtrio^ to be af- 
fected by evil eyes. 
^ 2^b^^^, zali^, 2^^ cit^kijjCitiki, 
citka, J.^A snap of the fingers. 
J 2is> pinch, as of snuff. — sroil) 
^ to snap fingers. 
25 li citi, see el^. 
J^2§!32§13 citiciti, ^.'h'he throbbing 
pain of a boil, when suppurat- 
>/ ing or forming. 2.'^a crash- 
ing or crackling noise. 
^2^13. citti, s. A small spot or 
speck, adj. Spotted, speckled. 
2^^ citte, s. The foundation or 
platform of a house. 2. the 
register of a land. 3. a 
rough, daily account. — ?^o20 
6 the registered number of 
a land. 
^2^^ citte, adj. Small, little. 
^^■^Tij?)^ a small man. — =#jse& 
a small cock. 
2-5^, 2^:^, 2^3, '^i cita, cita, citi, 
cite, s. A funeral pile. —w^A^ 
the wood for burning it. 
—^Ti^ the ashes of a funeral 
pile. —B^7i^r?u6 Siva, smeared 
with the ashes of burnt bodies. 
2^3 citi, see ^B. 


2>&3"5,d citkara, s. The whirling 
noise of a war-car. 2. the 
notes of superior birds. 

2-^3^ cittiji, J. A blot or erasure. 
—^"^6 a rough copy, draft. 
—"sSo^o^^ to blot, erase. 

25^ citta, J. Will, desire, wish, 
inclination, disposition, plea- 
sure. -^oD correctness of 

disposition, purity of heart. 
—^^•d as one pleases. 

2^^^ cittira, see el^. 
-I2^;^^€)r citturli, s. An orange. 

2a ^0 citya, see el^. 

2>5^, citra, ^. A picture, painting, 
carving. —7^-5 a painter. ~rf 
:^od a painted picture; ap- 
pearances. -^8i^ a curiosity, 
rarity, wonder, —^zi^-^o^o^^ 
to work wonders; to make 
much of a thing ; to mystify. 

2/&^,^J5)U citrakuta, s. A moun- 
tain so called, to which Rama 
retired in exile. 

2>S^2p«)oiO citrabhanu, ^. Fire. 2. 
the sun. 3. the sixteenth 
year of the Hindu cycle of 

25a,sJjJ3o citramula, s. The lead- 
wort. =j?o5^_ rose-coloured 
lead-wort, Plumbago rosea. 
dja^o^— the Ceylon lead-wort, 
Plumbago zeyla?iica. 

2a252j^=3^^, z&i^ citranakshatra, 
citre, s. The fourteenth lunar 

2532^s3j3r9rOo citrapurnami, s. 
The full moon of the first 
lunar month ^j,^, which is 
observed as a holiday. 
JzS^BogS? citlipuli, s. A kind of 

25gj cidra, ^^^ ep^. 

2^c^C)0^ cinimitti, adj. Trifling. 
-=??o?d trifling work. 

25^^-96, 2^NS3-5)c3r cinivare, cina- 
varde, s. A money-changer, 

2^^. cinna 


2&0 cilia 

jeweller. sloisroar/^ money 
changing, dealing in jewelry. 

2^^ cinna, see zio^. 

^p h^ cinpiti^, see 8lo)^&2^. 

cipuly, cipul^kotte, cipulotte, 
s. The poisonous seed of the 
drug Cocculus suberosus, 
'iht^ d cippale, see ^sid 2. a 
clamp used for torture. 
'i'ihlx^ cippi, s. A cocoanut shell. 
2. an oyster shell. 3. a pearl; 

z^^/i cippig'e, s. A tailor. 

z§^ cippu, s, A crust, scurf, 
Je^m cibbu, ^. White spots on 
the body ; alsa'T^^^. 

z^djej, z^^oli cimati, cimiti, ^. 
Tongs, tweezers, pincers. 

s^^jzd^j cimicimi, adj. Faint. 
— ojDiTj prattle. — £5js^o^ a faint 

2;dSjOo=3^j^ cimukuni (e^^o^), ^. ^. 
/ To press, throng, throb. 2yto 

e^s^joz^sr^oo cimucimu, ^^'. Ner- 
vous, weak. 2. throbbing, 
painful. — £3?^ pain caused 
by a slight wound ; a nervous 
pain; throbbing. 

2a d cira, s. A long time. <3;<^. 
Lasting, durable, firm. ~^<y 
a long time, always, ever. 
_2Se^, 8liio3§5^ long lived; a 
crow; a younger member of 
a family. 

2/&d5j ciravu, ^^^ s^e'^^. 

tS-De)^ ciraki;i, ^. A lamp. 

s^uZ&Ociriciri, s. Gabble, babble. 
2. drizzle. 3. a certain game 
played by boys, tip-cat. -20?:ir 
a drizzling rain. — sj^^tjj^ to 

z&^r cirka, ^^^ <^^^. 

2^=^r cirke, ^^^ ^^i^. 
/e^ir^© cirtepili, s. A leopard. 

2^3Jrd cirpale, see 2^=^e3. 

t&sSr cirve, adj. Tender, green. 

2^53^02^ cili^mbi, s. The fire bowl 

of a hooka. 
2^0*=5^, 2^o^cili;iku, cilki^, s. Lift- 
"^ mg, raising; a push. V2. the 
catch or bolt of a window. 
^o&3^_ a wooden pin used in 
playing at tip-cat. 
^.e^Oot!), 250s3o, e^d cilimbi, ci- 
lime, cilme, ^.^A small tank ;f 
2. see 2i6o^. 
2^0^o^ cililu, see Z5^^6. 
v'e^^osse)^ ciluvana, ^. The odd 
money, over a round sum. 
adj. Little, small, trifling, 
mean, low. 
y^^ cile, s. A fishing rod. 
/ z&e>i^ cilkuni (2^^^), "c^.a. To 
lift up. 2: to flay. 
2^^ cill^, ^.^A small round 

CO , 

piece, a piece for playing at 
draughts. 2.see^^' 
72^^)6 cillare, s. Small money, 
change, trifle. adj. Little, 
trifling. ~^o7(ci, a petty ware- 
shop. —^23f trifling or contin- 
gent expenses. — ^ej?j little 

2^2Jc) cilia 


2&^6 clra 

work. — hdoSj a man of inferior 
mind, a simpleton. — ^^9^ 
mean understanding. 

'^OD, "^6 cilia, cille, see ^e^a. 

t§©,2^^ cilli, cille, s. A leaf 
stitched ^r folded in the form 
of a spoon or funnel. 2. a 
kind of cucumber. — L>e3 
scattered, dispersed; ^. 2ie5 
Le3 . _o3ow^^ to stitch a leaf 
into the form of a spoon. 

2^0^o^ cillil^, s. The screech of 
an eagle. 

t&d^0 cilleli, s. A sharp stick 
to dart a fish with. 
>A§s:^^ cilvana, see 8ae;os3?i. 
J2^C, 2^^e^^ CI, cici, Mj. Fie! 

25^0=3^0, 2^^o^S cinkari, cinkiri, 
.y. The stalk of a cocoanut 
leaf. 2. thin splitters of bam- 
boo used for stitching leaves 
elc. together; also S?c-6-a, 
^eo-S-a. — iej 4 a kind of cake. 


2;^^ot&^o cincin, s. The chirping 
of birds. -i^^4, — ^^^ a 
spongy cake; ^. Eijsoaijso. 
eaeo8aec3i-8-^K ^i)oo?^jscl) ^of^ the 
cincin cake has many (ItL 
300) eyes or holes. 
Z&^oz^o^ cincuni (eleosS"), 2;. «. 
V To chirp. 72. to be scorched, 

N/e^^oLJo^ cintuni, see A;eoUj^. 

s/t&^o^o^ cintuni (e^eog), £;. ;?. To 
burn. 2. to roast as a fruit. 

^^^^^oo!J, 2^^o3^ cimpi, cimpu, s.^ 
bolt, bar, latch. 2. a kind 
of sail. 

2^Z=ud cikade, ^. A kind of 

z^^s'd cikara, adj. Not pungent; 

2>&^=5^0 cikari, see ele^j^s. 
e§^^, 25^13 citi^, citi, s. A note, 
short letter. 2. a bill, bond. 
3. a ticket, label, stamp. 4. 
chintz, coloured cloth. escX 
^^- a shop-bill. Wsj^^- a 
postage stamp. -^^6— a 
transfer deed, a mortgage of 
title-deed, ^ooc^ a bill of 
exchange. ^7i^4^ to paste 
a stamp. — so-^b^ to write a, 

2^^?^ cina, s. The empire of China ; 
also -de^. -^A^ Chinese 
paper. ^nsoSo a Chinese. 
^^^ a kind of medicine. 
—lix^Gzi a kind of pepper. 

2^^^ cini, adj. Chinese. — s'o^^s 
a telescope. — ^i^alum. — eSa 
a blue light. — sro^Sn a 
kind of music, used especially 
among Muhammedans. —Ti'^^-d 
white sugar. 

2d^cS=i?JS^2;o cinekolu, s. A music 
baud of Maplas. 

e^^^i, 2^^o3 cipi, cipu, see ^^oh. 

2^^^ cipu, s. A wedge, wooden 

, peg. x-^. a comb or cluster of 
plantains. 3. ^6'^ 8^504 i.see 

2^^^Je)D cimari, s. A loathsome 

ed^d cira, s. Lead. 2. bark, rind. 

3. a cloth made of bark. 

2^^d cira 


ZiS) CU 

V t^^c^sg ciravu, s. A bag, purse, jyz^orlo^ cuguli, s. The rind of a 

fruit or vegetable. 
2^02^0 =3^,i cuccuku, ^^^ £io^£io^. 
-/2^02^o?i cuccuni (£^^''^), iJ.a/To 
pierce, bore. 2. to bite; c/. 

2^^^r=^ cirnike, ^. Carved or 

chiselled workmanship, -to 

o3o an artist. -20035^4^ to 

carve, chisel. 
2&^^JiiF cirlo, ^. Responding to 

a call in a game. [^^f. 

V t§^o^ cili^,^. A split, splinter; deL 

t^^sSo^ ciler\i, i". Forced converts 
to Mohammedanism. 
yj^d CU, see sija. 

2^00=3* cunka, see ?i3o=2r. 

z^oone)r? cungani, ^. A tobacco- 
pipe. 2. ^^^ siog>)jr5. 
V^^oorij^ cungudi, ^. A trifling 
sum, odds, small coins, 
change. 2. anything of little 
value. — ejDo'd a petty trade. 
—Ti^Q a trifling debt. 

2:^007^ cunge, s. A kind of rice. 
2. awn. 

t^oos^oo cumcum, see zio^2idEo. 

2:^0 ors) cunna, ^^^ ?joor®. 

^i^oocl)^ cunnei, ^. A kind of cloth. 
^ 2. ^ab, scurf. 3. shabbiness. 

2^oo2JF^ cumbana, s. Kissing. 

£;^oo5do cumma, see eioSodoSo. 

Je^ooo^oe^ooo^j cunyicunyi, s. The 
hissing noise of a heated 
metal dipped into water. 

-s^o^s^do^^^ cuki^Lcuky, ^. Chirping 
of birds. 

2:^j=a«)r^, 2:^o=5='3) r? cukani, cukkani, 

— o ' So- 

is^oii cuti, «^'.^ Smart, clever. 

2. sharp, pungent. 

i'ei^oy. cutta, .s". A cheroot, cigar. 
-is^oeJ. cutti, ^.^A span. 2. see 
£ioi!. 3. see ^crjo^o. 
eiog cudra, see ^^. 

s^osj^z^o^^ cum^cum^, s. Pain 
caused by the sting of an 
insect. 2. sleeping of the 
hand or leg; c/. zI^IoeI^oo. 

s^os^oo^, s^odo cumula, cumla, 

' CO ' 


s^ooSoz^oo^o cuyicuyi, i^^^^ eioooso 


e^odo^o curuku, j. Quickness, 
haste, speed. 2. sharpness. 

3. zeal, activity, adj. Quick, 
vigorous, zealous. 2. vivid. 
_3Doa quick understanding, 

Js^odje^o^jj curucuru, s. A hissing 
noise caused by frying, burn- 
ing, eU. 

«/2^o^^ culaka, adj. Light; c/. 

zid^ cuvu, see ^js. 
s^o^ culi, ^^^ ?i^^. 
Vz^of^ culli, s. The plant of Bar- 
leria ohovata. 

also :^^063. 

s. The rudder, helm .of a ship. 
2;^or(j(:l cugude, j. A smart man; w^^js cu, ^. Setting on a dog. 2. 

driving a dog away. 3.^^^ ^j3- 

z^viSo cun 


sl^. c.?tte 

g^JSo cum, ^^<? £ioSj2ioS>3. 

2:^J3a3, 2;^J3eJo cuti, cutu, s. Es- 
caping from the grasp in 
^ wrestling. 2.'4im; device, t^. 
perception. 4. cessation from 
work, leisure. 
J 2;^J5^ cute, see ^^^. 
z^J^d cuda, s. The lock of hair 
left on the head at the time 
of tonsure. Eijsz3i)3^^F the 
ceremony of tonsure. 
4^Jz)d, eijsz^ri cuda, cudaga, s. 
A kind of gold bracelet. 
^^j^csDdor?) cudamani, s. A jewel 
worn in a crest or diadem. 
J e^JS)^ cudi, s. The coil of a rope. 
- 2. a bundle, as of fagots, 

betel leaves efc, also tjjs^. 
J e^jsd) cudu, s. Heat, warmth. 
2. zeal. adj. Hot, warm. 
^Ji}d cude," see ^ij^ri. 
s^jsrJ cuni, s. The front, van. 
2. strength. adj. Former. 
adv. Before. 
2;^J5r3o cunya, see ;^r®o. 

Jz^JSO curi, ^. A knife, small 

S^JSdo curu, s. A piece, bit, 
small fragment. — -rfos^Ov^ to 
pulverise, cut into small 
pieces or bits. -eij^Trob^ to 
break to pieces. 

S^sjsrar curna, J. Powder, dust, 
any pulverised substance, 
medicinal powder. 2. see Tia 

t^JSO culi, see da^e. 

s§o?ir2 cengani, s. A friend. 2. 

J'^ioz^ cend^, ^. A ball. -7^j32oj ^ 

to play with ball. 
'doZ^^j€f\ candijimallige, s. A 

species of clustered jasmine. 
J'^ou^zid^ cendaduni (eSo^s^S), v. 

a. To play with ball. ^2. to 

destroy, ruin. 
felod cende, s. A large drum; a 

kettle-drum. — s2.?)yj ^ to beat 

a drum. 
zSo^sJod cendemara ^. The tree 

Cerbera odollam ; ^/^^ ioiS^-d. 

—rf 8!)'I^ its poisonous seeds. 
s§ozldJO°T? cendemuli, ^^^ ^ozf ?ioo^. 
zSodo^ cendeli^L, ^^^^ iozf^. 
^§oc^^j■i)oSo cennanayi, ^^^ £io^ 

s§oc2 cenne, ^^^ siojS. 

2lo^2jJ3dj cennebuni, ^^^ sio?:^ 

eiozj^ cembate, s. A coppersmith. 
Jz^oEOJ cembu, ^. Brass, latten. 
2. a small copper ^r brass 
pot. -^^^ a coppersmith. 

s§^^ cekky, J^^ £^^^. 

21=^^ cekkat^i, adj. Thin, lean. 
z§=s',^or cekkarme, see S'^.S^f. 
^^. cekki, J^6' ei^^. 
>^2;§^, sSt?, cekki, cekke, i\ A 
chip, split, splinter. 
Zil^j, 200 a cekkubandi, ^^i: £^^0^8000. 

z§=^o^ cekkel^, see eirfj^. 
z§^ cetti, see iik^. 
z§^ cette, ^^^ eia^. 

z§^ cedi 


2i)^53 ceile 

^^ cedi, see 2ia. 
J'Ssfj. ceppe, s.^k splinter, chip, 
slice, paring. 2. disappoint- 
ment, failure. adj. see ei^. 
-^h?^, -80jsT^o?i to fail; to 
rest, lie down. 
-^^Idcs^ ceradi^, s. The ear. — ^5o 
5 beo6JD4^i to twist the ear. 

2§D7^ cerige, .v^^ s^^t^. 

el 6 cere, ^^^ £^^. 

z§z§r cerce, ^^^ sielr. 

'^t^T cerbi, ^^^ s^s^?^. 

zldr cerva, see e^tjo. 

el^^ celave, adj. Damp, moist. 

«/2§oo^=^ celuvike, s. Beauty, 

>/2§e;od celuve, s. A beautiful <?r 

handsome man. 
-i^lcJe^y cellata s. Scattering, dis- 


persing. 2. spilling, shedding. 
J2;§e;o^ celluni (^^fj, ^. a. To 

sprinkle. 2. to spill, shed. 

v. n. To spill, drop, shed. 
eisJOSo celvayi, s. Dyed cotton. 
2id celve, see sSe^o^. 
^§^ ce, see sle. 
z§^^6 cekare, ^^^ ^"^fi. 
e5^^, sl^S cete, cette, see s^e4^. 
s§^^ cedi, ^^^ '^^^. 

^ '^^m^ ceniji, ^."^An awl, chisel.) 
adj. Even, smooth. — s:^?^^ 
to chisel. 
el^^?^ cetana, ^^^ sS^^cj. 
2§^cJ^, 2l^d^ cedana, cedane, see 

2§^a cedi, i". One of the fiftysix 
countries of the Hinduwriters. 
J*^^^ cen^, see eS?^. 
2§^sJorio^ cepangel^, adj. Curv- 
ed, inclined; e/. ^^7io-R6. 
^§^^ cepu, see ie4. 
2le^=^^ celakade, s. The Indian 
turnsole, Tiaridium Indicum, 
Jeil^d cele, ^^^ ^ee3. 
Js§^dJ3 0^ celgondi, ^. The sting 
of a scorpion. 
^§^s3j5o^dod celgondimara, see 

vi'eS^^ cevu, see M^- 

e§^^, ceshte, ^. A grimace, trick, 
gesture. 2. jest, mockery, 
joke. ^o_ ridiculous gri- 
maces. — adt3 one who makes 
grimaces, a jester, mocker, 
wag ; a humorist. — -s^j^j^^ to 
make gestures, to mock; to 
Jel^S^ cel^, see ^^f. -eoXo ?J4 
a kind of sport. 

e§>^ cei, see ei^. 

^§^^c^, A^r^o ceitana, ceitanya, ^. 

Strength, liveliness, vigour, 

animation. 2. life. — nsoSo, 

—•^So^ a vigorous man. —"^oo 

rfooi to lose strength. 
2§^ ^ ceitra, i". The first lunar 

month, corresponding to 

March- April. 
'^^ ceila, see ^^<sj. 
21^0 ceili, see ^^6. 
^§^Q3 ceile, s. A pair of large 



sSjSoli conti 


2§J5^li0 ■ COtu 

s§J3ol3 conti, sec 2^js63^. 

2Sj3o^^ compudi, s. Copper 
powder. 2. verdigris. Z.see 

sIjSoSO^ combate, see sSoeoa 
slj^oEO^G^combattal^, s. Brazen 

pot and plate. 
s§JSo20J combu, see eioeo. 
>/s§J5=^ cokka, cidj. Pure, genuine. 

2. neat. -£5js«^^ pure silver. 
■/2iJ3=^y cokkata, adj. Neat, 

choice, agreeable. eSja^jfeo?^ 

beauty, handsoiheness. 
zIj^^o.^ cokkale, ^^^ ^^a. 2. ^^<? 

^§J3^"3,e3 cokkata, see eSjs^,w. 
z§J5=s^0) cokku, adj. Stupid, silly. 

—£§..3^^ well riped. 
2§J5=^ cokke, J. A stupid man. 
J^IJSrlD^ cogari^, adj. Astringent. 
_e?L^^ to be astringent, to 
have an acrid taste. 
2;§J^^ cotta, s. A Pariah's hut; 
J also ^-i^^y^^ ad j:^ see 2Sj2Bx. 
'^^Vi. cotti, 5-. A woman with a 
maimed hand. 
>/z§J3l]o. cottu, ^^'. Handless, 
maimed or deformed in the 
VsSjs^ cotte, s. A man with a 
maimed hand. [of Pariahs. 
zIjs^, J cottete, s. The headman 

2;§J5r3oA^'so5o conanginayi, s. A 
v/zSjsrJo^, 2SjSflj conink^, conk6, 
J. The scab of itch etc. 

Z§J5^, coppi, s. A cap, hat. 
-'eiJSog coppu, see ^^, ?3ua5^. 

2§J33JF^ corpat^, adj. Loose (?r 

thin, as cowdung etc. 
2§J?)^r corpu, i'^^ siSsS. 
2§JS^F^ corpuni, ^^^ ^js^r^. 

colake, colike, colke, columpe, 

see eSjaeeS. 

2iJ3s3 colle, adj. Halt, crippled. 
—•^A a hyaena. 

djSQo^^^. conkatt^, ^^/. Lank, 
lean, thin. ~^^h^ to become 

s§J3?o=^d conkara, ^^^ eSjaXS. 

2§J3^ 0=5^0 conku, ^^^ ?3j3eo^o. adj.. 
see sSjse^o. 

eiJS^o^o^ conkuni, see M^^. 
Ai^S^^o"^ conci, ^. The beak of a 

/eSjS^oLio contu, see eSjsoUo. 

2§J3^o^ conte, see ;6jaeoB. 

^§J?)^=aO coku, adj. Sapless, un- 
fruitful; exhausted, old. .y. An 
unfruitful or old tree. 

2lJ3^=^J30 cokoli, s. A merry 

sSjs^rio^ cogaru, sec sSjaXS. 

^§J3?ri coge, s. A leaf or branch 
of a palm tree ; bet. tsi>^7(. 

zljs^to cota, adj. Short, small, 
Veisis^lb, s§JS^LJj. cotu, cottu, s. A 
span from the tip of the 
thumb to that of the fore- 

2§JS^a codi 


^5^^ coudi 

2§JS^a=a, ^§JS^do codika, codya, 
s. A curiosity. 2. surprise. 
ad/. Curious, wonderful. — ^ 
h^ to wonder, to be surprised ; 

2lJ3?sJ^. copatt^, J-. A kind of 
pitching or calking a boat. 
—=^jdhF^. —ziiDTh^ to calk a boat 
with a mixture of tallow (eSjs 
ej^) and chalk. 

s§J5^53'5)4c^ copavuni, see i^w^esra 

^iJS^c^ copu, see <^^^. 

sIjs^sS cope, ^. A scrap, scratch. 

2iJ5^o5o coyi, s. Milk. -S^^ to 
suck the breast. 

2tJ3^de3^ corat^, 5^^ sSjs^fIj. 

2§J3^Cr3 corana, ^. A festoon of 
leaves and flowers, hung over 
the door-way or across the 
highway on a joyful or 
triumphant occasion, a tri- 
umphal arch; 5eL ijsj'dr©. —"& 
^o) to put up a festoon. 

2iJ5)^d^^, z§J3^Qcoratana, cori, s. 
Theft, robbery. — -^^o.^ to 
steal, rob. 

2§J5^6 core, s. A thief, robber, 
-^sIjs^O coli, s. Skin, bark, rind. 
—7(^?i to peel, skin, pare off. 

^JS^d cole, see zSjsd^. 

t|js^^d^2^, 2;§J5^s;^Ds)2dn coladesa, 
colarajya, s. The Coromandel 
coast; the ancient kingdom 
on the Kaveri delta. 

25^oeio countu, see sf^owo. 

V'tJ^oeJo^ countuni (ei^oO), z'. a. 
To pinch, nip. 

t5^o^ coundi, ^^^ £3^^ooca. 

t5^=a couka, ^. A square. 2. the 
linga box. adj. Square, -"^o 
?S a square stool, -rf^r a 
square piece of cloth, si- 

25^^ ^f. coukatt]^, s. A door- 

2^^^, tf^=5^r5 coukadi, coukani, 
adj. Quadrangular, s. A quad- 

z^=^7^ coukasa, see ?te^5s^. 

L5^=a^ coukali, <^^'. Square. ^. 
An earring set with four 
pearls. -^?^ a female's gar- 
ment with small square pat- 

^=SDrf, z^vDT^ coukasu, couka- 
sa, see 2i4^soJ. 

tl^-S- couki, s. A railed veranda, 
pial. 2. a watch-house. -ctotS 
a guardsman. 

^fs^o^ coukuli, see ti^3^<9. 

£^=^ couke, ^. A stool, chair. 

t5^^o^ coukkil^, ^. A kind of 
earring; c/. t^s*^. 

2^yo, coutu, .y^^ ;d'?)oyo. 

sJ^G^o^ coudal^, s. A square 

2^Q>f{ coudige, s. A one-stringed 
guitar formed by a small 
barrel, open at one end and 
covered with a skin at the 
other. 2. a peculiar kind of 
neck-ornament. 3. a kind 

tf^^ couta 


^v chala 

of ear-ring. — nsoi) a man 
playing upon such a guitar. 

s^a^o^ coutatuni (^"^^0), z'.a. 
To sing a lullaby. 

tl^vB couti, see zi^^r. 

tj^sjd coupada, ^. A quadruped. 

2. a kind of verse. 
i^6 coura, ^. Shaving; deL 

s^^Ot?, t5^Cj£3^o3j courake,coura- 
daye, s. A barber. 

ef^D couri, s. The tail of the 

yak. 2. a fly-brush. 
2^v coula, J^^ £irfe^. 
2^0 couli, see £i4e5. 
^f3^ coula, adv. At once. -^ 

^eo3j he went at once, —s^^^ 

again and again, one after 

zf5^^«)OSo coulikayi, see ei^^^ 


eJ^^o coulu, J^^ 2i4f. 


^ cha, ^. The twentieth letter of 

the alphabet, 
^orf chanda, see siorf. 
^y^y chatachata, see dwdw. 

q^^2)e; chatala, ^. The noise of 
a slap or lash. — ss^^o^ to 
beat or strike heavily. 

^cs'ssj chadavu, see eiiss^. 

^C5e)§ chadali, s. A stupid fel- 

(^^ chadi, ^^^ £i^. 

^i^ chatra, s. An umbrella; fl:/^6? 
^^. 2. an inn, choultry, r^j^^^ 

^3^0 ^C chatrantara, s. Wander- 

^sgj^sj vB chatradhipati, s. A king, 
sovereign. o3oe??__ an emperor. 

^3j chatri, s. A barber. 2. .r^t- 

qii53e)02>o?oO^ chapayisuni (e^is^oso 
oi), ^. tf. To conceal, secrete. 
2. to deceive, defraud. 


qis3e)53) chapavu, s. Concealment, 
secretion. 2. absconding. 3. 
deceit, fraud, ^^h^ to ab- 
scond. — ■^'^o^^ to conceal. 

^^ chappa, see ei^. 

^^0^ chappanna, ^2^^/^. Fifty- 
six. —^^^ fifty-six countries 
enumerated by Hindu writers. 

^^=^ chappaka, adv. Backwards, 
on the back, -eojs-do^ to fall 

qj^Ori chapparige, see if^D^. 

qJ^OS^c^ chapparipuni, see £i^& 

i^d^d charachara, see tiTisi'd. 

^2j chala, s. Fixed purpose, 
firmness, determined resolu- 
tion. 2. obstinacy. — ^ ^^^ 
exceedingly obstinate. — s:»a a 
resolute or obstinate person. 
—i^i^JcS perseverance in a pur- 

d^ chala 


e^^a chedi 

pose. -^^?i, --^^^oi to be 
obstinate; to persevere. 
^^=5' chalaku, see ?i$j^. 
^^^^ chalachala, s. Glitter; 

^^ chali, see d.^- 
e3^^ chadi, see z^^- 
(33D.B chati, s. The breast, bosom. 
2. courage, bravery. — "^o^ a 
brave man; a bold trader or 
^Ddd chadara, s. A silk garment, 

a shawl. 
e3«)^?^, ^^'r^ chanasi^, chanasi, 
s. Being peculiar or singular 
in what one does; nicety, 
fastidiousness. 2. accuracy, 
(^D^;;!.^ chapisuni {'^^'^^, I'.a. 
To stamp, seal. 2. to print. 
^^^ chapu, see ^^^ 
^^, <^e)53 chapu, chape, s. A 
printing press. 2. a shop. 
^oSo, (^^o3j chayi, chaye, s. 
Shadow, shade. 2. colour, 
tint, dye. ^4^- black colour. 
e^oa chindi, ^^^ ^Q^- 
e^o^ chinna, ^^^ Cut, divided. 

^o-^^o^ broken, fractured, 
as a limb. 
^^ chidra, ^. A hole, vacuity, 
perforation. 2. flaw, defect. 
3. disaster, trouble. 4. sor- 
cery, witchcraft. -C3^o3o a 
sorcerer, wizard; a defective 
man. -^o^o^s^ to assume an 
air; to bewitch, enchant. 
A^- domestic quarrel or 
Vej)^, ep^^^ chi, chichi, Mj. Fie! 
* ^-^iWfie, fie, it is bad. -^^oss^ 

fie, you rogue! 
dorf^ chudra, adj. Small, little. 
2. low, mean. s. Smallness; 
baseness. 2. sorcery, witch- 
craft; bet. =5^0^^. 
dod chudre, ^. A base man. 2. 

a sorcerer. 
^^cj cheda, ^. Loss, ruin. 
^^b, ^^(^cS cheda, chedane, s. 
Cutting, dividing, -^o^^?) to 
cut, divide; to circumcise. 
^a- a part, fragment; circum- 
^^a^^ chedipuni (e^?^), ^'- ^- To 
cut, divide. 2. to circum- 


t^ ja 


tio^ Janti 


n ja, The twenty-first letter of 
the alphabet. 

tio Jam, s. Rust. — t^ja^^^ to 
become rusty. 

tio'xf Jank^, 5^^ ^^^2dc¥. 

^o^c)c^, e^osjSfS jankane, jankha- 
ne, see ^-^^^^. 

tioTi janga, s. Being across, 
transverseness. 2. a ceiling 
of boards ^/^. over a fireplace. 

tiorido jangama,^^'. Locomotive, 
moveable. 2. of or belonging 
to a Lingait priest. — -sl)^ the 
residence of a Lingait priest. 
— ?ise; a debt, which is urgent- 
ly demanded. —-s^Tio^ a move- 
able thing. 

tiorldo Jangame, s. A Lingait. 

tdorisSosi^d jangamemara, see ^^ 

2i3orio^, ticn"3D^, t;jcn«)o^ janga- 
1^, jangarvi, Jangal^, s. A 
wooden platform placed on 
boats. -3i&3^ the rafts of a 
ferry boat to carry large or 
heavy things. — ^#^ a green 
colour, the subacetate of lead. 

taorrao^j Jangayi, see eioADOso. 

tioA Jangi, s. Force, compulsion, 
oppression, --rf^ili^ to force; 
to plunder, pillage; to rebel. 

taoA, ucp Jange, Janghe s. The 
calf of the leg. 2. an old 
man. -Oit-do^ the calf of the 
leg to be disjointed. 

^ioP* Jangli, s. A forest, jungle, 
waste land. adj. Wild. —^^ 
s3 the forest department. 

tdoZC^'SOSj Jannayi, see sicT^oso. 

Uoti6, tiotiti janjara, janjari, s. 
Fetters. -3^^^^^ a bail for 
a prisoner. 

tioti6 janjara, adj. Serial, ordi- 
nal. ~-^o2^B serial numbers. 

2iJo23^y Janjata, s. Trouble, an- 
noyance, grief. 

2;;iot5e)d janjara, see Ticz^xs. 

Sio23'30 janjali, s. A wall-piece 
or long swivel gun. 2. flatter- 
ing, fawning. 

tdot3c)s3 Janjale, ^. A talkative 
man; a boaster. 

tdo^dOo jamjum, s. A sound, utter- 
ance. -?iroo^^ he does not 
say a word. 

Zioz^ jandi^, see rfoS. 

tiod jande, s. Delay. 2. a 
tassel on the tail of a tiger 
in a masquerade. 3. an 
ensign, standard, flag. — "si) 
^o^^i to hinder, stop. rn^of^. 

tiom^tioz^ jann^Jann^, see ^o?^ 

tio^ janta, s. Ivory, the tusk of 
an elephant. 2. see ^o^. 

Zio:ir{ jantaga, s. A halter-band- 

Uo^D^ Jantary, s. A kind of 

tjoo Janti, s. A rafter, a piece 
of timber crossing a rafter. 

2^0^ J Jantu 


teri Jaga 

tdovB Jantri, s. A calender, 
a table of interest. 

tio:^ojantu,i'. A creature, animal. 

2. a worm. 
t;ioljaiite, see aioa. 
tdo^, Jantra, ^^^ odjo^. 


t;io^^6jS^^ janniroli^, see a^oaoo^o 
tio^ janne, ^. A burnt offering. 

tio?isjod tiosSdod Jampamara, 

jampemara, see ^aoj^o. 
t^os53i)^ jampetala, s. A mode of 

beating time in music. 
tioiJ Jamba, see d^o?^. 

4&io2od, 2ao23e)d jambara, jambara, 

s. An affair, business. — crooSo 

a busy man. — Se&?jD4^ to 

finish a business. r^^. 

tdozooDJScS^ Jambukhan]^, ^^^ 8^^^ 

tiosooa^sj jambudvlpa, ^. India. 

bunlrolu, Jambuniroli, s. The 
rose-apple, Syzigium jamho- 
lanu7n. 2. Jambosa malac- 

z^joZoo^jJSD Jambumuri, J. An 
offensive smell. 

tiosoo© Jambuli, .y. A kind of 
basket made of date leaves. 

tdo2^ Jambha, s. Pomp, ostenta- 
tion, display. 2. foppery; 
also aicgpDy. [Indra. 

t^osp^O jambhari, s. k name of 

tdoE^ Jambhe, .s-. A giant. 

tio^o jamma, ^^^ 3^;^^. 

tiosjj^?^ Jammanige, .y. Headman- 
ship among Pariahs. 2. idle 

"^^j^ Jakkini, s 
woman who dies 

2j3os^o^ jammane, s. A demon 
priest. 2. a headman of 

^i^o Jakam, see &iso5o. 

td=^r? Jakani, see s^^^rS. 

2^=aS t^=^, t=j^^ jakk^, jakka, 
jakkadi, «^'. Worthy. 2. 
youthful. 3.^^^ 2i^^. -3i^2>^ 
a youthful man. — ^-S"^ the 
ruddy goose. — sojs-do^, — •s:^j?)-do^ 
to undersell. 

A married 
in her 
husband's lifetime, and causes 
demoniac possession. 

s^^o^jakku, see 3^^^. 

tt^^ij^) jakkuli, see Ei^OjsD. 

ti=^Jakke, s. Vanity, foppishness. 
—oDoSo a fop. — crof^ a coquette. 
—■^€i'§ strut, affectation of 
diginity in walking. — sjd^o 
^) to boast. 

'^%P'^ jakkelyi, ^. The lap ; of. 
■^^6. — ^odoon^ to tarry, 

Zi^ jakri, s. Plenty. 

2^sj^3^ jakhamu, s. A wound. 
—^h^ to be wounded, bruised. 

2^r( jaga, >y^^ ^i/i. 

t^ri, ^r(3^, 2:^/1^^ jaga, jagatti^, 
jagatya, s. The world, uni- 

t^rio^^q^ Jagannatha, s. A cele- 
brated place of pilgrimage. 

t^rioc5"3^ jagannathe, s. The lord 
of the universe. 2. a name of 

uTi jaga 


tid Jade 


tirit^ri jaga, jaga, see o^oXcf^oX. 
Jtiri© jagali, s. An open veranda. 
^tiifi"^, esjris^ej jagala, jagalata, s. 
Quarrel, fight, dispute. — ao 
^ a vixen, shrew. 
tiT^^d jagude, s. An old man. 
Jzi7^-:iV^ Jagul^, see a^A^- 
tifi Jage, s, A sigh, groan, 
ejaculation; c/. ^■^. — ^yo^?) 
to be unable to breathe, 
to breathe hard. ~80o!^^ to 
groan, sigh. 

s. A kind of small 

2. delay, postponement. 

—K s:^il)^ to delay. —^tSj?>^ a 

sluggard, lazy fellow ; also 3^^ . 

t^A^sJ^ jaggavuni, see ^t^^o^. 

-ltif\ jagge, 3"^ Stooping, bending. 

2. see 2i^- 3. see under 3iK. 
Jtiiid^ JaJJuni (^^), ^. a. To 
bruise, squash, crush, pound. 
tib^sjb^ Jat^pat^, adz'. Smartly, 

^^ jagg^, 

promptly, speedily. 
tikj jata, see d^ri. 

tibi)ii^, tibDtiU Jatajata, jata- 
pati, s. Strife. 2. hurry, con- 

^;itos:5oe)orO jatamaffisi, s. The 
Indian spikenard, Nardo- 
stachys jatamansi. 

tsilid Jatile, s. A hermit, ascetic, 

2=J^ J ate, see a;zS. 

z^y, jatka, adj. Soon; cf. Krfj. 

till Jatti, ^. Awaist-band, belt. 
2. a wrestler, boxer. -ws^X 
a boxers' combat. -^ a brave 

man; the tutelar god of 
wrestlers. — "sSoot^o a pair of 

2a^d jathara, ^. The belly, stom- 
ach. 2. womb. adj. Firm, 
hard. si-^ui)?\^ digestive power, 

t^j^ jad^, ^. Origin, root. -a:io 
^i)a the ultimate source. 

'i^Ti jada, ^. Fatigue, weariness. 
2. dullness. ^^". Sick. 2. 
dull, stupid. 3. inanimate. 
4. cold. -?ro<*; cold weather. 
-Aor® sluggish disposition. 
-2;i&^ full of dullness, s^zsd 
^^ a very stupid man. — ^ 
e3^^ to stretch oneself. 

td cSc) oSo ;^o ^ J aday isuni, see s^ a L ^. 

2^^ jadi, see s^a, 2. .y^^ s^^t^. 

^i^^i^ i^xi^ jadita, jadta, s. Ram- 
ming, stufiing, — s:sil:^, ^^^ 

ti^3 jaditi, ^^^ oL\oas. 

Jti^h^, t^a^^, ti^o^jo^ Jadipi- 
ni, jadipuni, Jadiyuni {^^, ^^ 
od:s«), V, a.^o ram, stuff, -^2. 

^ to load, as firearms. \/2. to 
J drive cattle. ^S. to rain in- 
cessantly. aicicS^0TO^4^ to 
drive in, fix. 
tizid jadu, ^. Apathy. 2. fright, 

Jtid Jade, 5. -Matted or clotted 
hair. 2. plaited hair, -^.the 
hood of a serpent. —'^% a 
kind of cactus, — ^ small, 
circular, ornamented, gold 
plates attached in succession 

nd Jade 





on or along with a woman's 
plaited hair. —-Rj^o-d orna- 
mented tassels suspended 
at the end of a woman's 
plaited hair, -^yo^o) to fasten 
braided or matted hair. —^ 
z§ in clots, braids. 
^?i jadepuni, see s^ab^. 

tici jadka, adv. At once. 
'J'^z^ Jadd^, s. Callosity, hard- 
ness, as of the skin of the 
hand. etc. from much use; 
also c^S . ad/, see 35S . 

u^ jaddi, s. Land subject to be 
overflowed by salt water ; bet. 

ti^ Jadti, see tl^oaS. 

tiro^'sdre* janyijana, see Tt\of^:i\o^. 

ti^ jata, ^^^ 2i!i. 

Zii^^ jatana, ^. Carefulness, adj. 

Secure, careful, fast. 
z^3 Jati, see oiioS. 

til Jate, 5-. A pair, couple. 2. a 
set. 3. equality of shape, size, 
etc. adj. Equal. — ast?, —^^oSo 
a companion, colleague. — ^ 
w^c^ to make a pair. 

ti4 jatna, see a^o^^. 

idCJdo^, t;ic5jdo^ Jadaruni, Jadu- 
runi, see sis^xio^. 

tigj Jadra, J. Poverty, want, 
penury, distress. 2. ailment, 
indisposition. adj. Poor, 
indigent, distressed. 2. mean, 
worthless. — crooSo an unfortu- 
nate 6';' worthless man. -sjd 

^d vulgar speech. — ^i^^) to 
be indisposed. 
2^^ jana, ^. Man, individually 
or collectively; people, po- 
pulation, community, —-^y^^ 
persons, both old and young, 
mankind. ^^ ^oc^df sd^ij -ddf^F 
is it the people or festival 
that attracts most? 
tirf^i3e)d janakabare, s. A kind 

of plantain tree. 
ti?^^ janake, s. A progenitor, 

tic^e^^ janajana, s. Every one. 
—oj^^-do^ be talked of by every 
tif^td^a Janajanita, ^^*. Humour- 
ed abroad, generally known. 
Zi-^-^ Janana, s. Birth; cf. ^i^^- 

_^x3r® birth and death. 
t^i^:^^ janani, s. A mother, 
t^c^doti^ janaranjana, s. Popular, 
pleasing to people in general. 
td^"9ori Jananga, ^. A nation, 

body of people ; generation. 
tic5D3JS3"3d Janapavada, s. Public 
censure. 2. disgrace, infamy. 
t^c^^^ janipuni (3^^), v. n. To 

arise; to be born. 
ti^O^ janilyi, see Xrf^. 
ti^ssDd janivara, s. The brahmi- 
nical thread, -s^di^j?) to put 
on the brahminical thread. 
ti^, Janma, s. Birth, nativity, 
state of existence. — ^^r, 
— sDDx; inherent sin. —ti^ a 

tic3"3t janma 


n^) Jami 

ti^Dx>^^ Janmantara, s. Another 
birth. 2. regeneration. 3. 
transmigration. [beget. 

^c^ ^3)^ janmipuni (^^^), v. a. To 

tiSJ Japa, s. Repeating prayers, 
incantations or the names of 
the gods, as an act of adora- 
tion. —^3:j religious devotions. 
—■dji)e3, — ?jTj a rosary. — ^a^^, 
-■^^\^^ to pray, to repeat 
prayers, etc. 

2xj33c)?^^ japasana, see ^?3js?j?^. 

txil^og^, &i^?dOri Japipuni, japisuni, 
(3^^), v.a. To repeat prayers 
etc.^ as an act of adoration. 

E^^CS^sJc^ I^P^ds-vni, cu. {of 2A 
^^?)) To cause to let down, 
to lower, 
v/ 2icg)do^ japuduni, "o. a. (s^^S) 
To let down, lower. 

2^^ Japti, s. Confiscation, se- 
questration. 2. attachment, 
law. -^^o^?> to attach, con- 

tds^or^s;^ jappang^ely, s. Goods etc. 
remaining after selection. 

2^^ jappu, s. Selection, choos- 
ing; Cf. e93d^^. 

^ ti55^^ jappuni (ai), v. a: To open. 
V V2. to descend, come down, 

alight. 3. to select, choose; 

of. cf^a;^^. a33-3-6- to open 

the door. S§r— to descend, 

^tijS^o^ Jappel^, .y. A descent, 

slope. 2, ebb. 

2;iWO*^t3i)^, Z^EOD^drU^, 2^WD^dn^ 

Jabar^^Jasti, jabanidast\i, j abar v- 

dasti, s. Violence, force, ur- 
gency; also 2:?20^-rfos^;^. _-^ 

^^^ to force; to dun, set on. 

t520D^s3joSo jabar^meyi, s. A stout 

body. adj. Stout. 
ti2T32oo Jababu, see dd^^^. 
^tisoo^o Jabulu, adj. Slack. 
tii^ jabti, ^^^ s^^- 

it^it^, tJizoj^ Jabbi, Jabbu, s. An old 
woman, a hag. , 

^ t^m jabbu, ^. Delay. 4^'. Hol- 
low, empty wdthin, not solid. 
2. old, infirm. 

•»tdd jabbe, s. An old man. 

jamyikan^, jamakan^, jamakany, 
s. A carpet. 2. a blanket. 
ti^^^Sj^^o jam^nirolu, see ^o 

2^doi3^ Jaman^, j. A kettle. 

t;3S^j2ooa, tcidJe)2ooa jamabandl, 
jamabandi, s. Settlement of 
the assessments. —■d^<^\^ to 
settle assessments. 

tddjs;^=^j3^ jamalyLkotte, ^. Cro- 
ton seed. 

2si^Ji)=5^e^F, Ead3e)SJ2^rjamakarci, 
jamakharci, s. The receipts 
and disbursements, 

t:i^Je)oas)?oOc^ jamayisuni (3^1:^^090 
oJ), z'. a. To collect. 

tdC)Oo3)c^ Jamipuni (^s:^),v.a. To 
utter incantations, in order 
to gain the favour of an evil 
spirit or demon, or to charm 
it away. 

hZj^ J ami 


ti6 Jara 

td^)o3^^ jamln^, ^. The soil, 
ground, land. — c3dt5 a land- 
holder, zemindar. 

t!isdoo=3^o Jamuku, s. Eashness, in- 
considerateness. 2. pride, 
haughtiness; c/. a^j?^, cIdtId^o. 

ti^oo=CTO^ Jamukuni (ai^5ao^), z'. ^. 
To brandish. 2. to smack. 
3. to frighten, threaten. 

2^ do Jame, ^. A collection, gather- 
ing, assemblage. 2. assess- 
ment. 3. receipts. 4. cogni- 
zance. 5. lurking. 6. over- 


hearing. — ^e^F 


elr. ~^jsb^ to lurk, spy; 
to overhear; to estimate. 
—•^^0^^ to collect, gather, 

tds3oc3'3d Jamedare, s. A native 
military officer. 

tidosg^ Jamepuni (si^o), -j. a. To 
assemble, collect. 2. to rec- 
kon, estimate; to meditate; 
also ai^Szj^o ?). 
vlt^^doD jameri, s. The hair about 
the body. — aoi5 a hairy man. 

2d^J5^do^ Jamniruli, see s^osoo^ie 

^^^^5 jammanj^e, see ^to-^t. 

tdSJoo, Jammu, ^^^ &(o^. 

^oJo jaya, .y. Conquest, victory, 
success, triumph. — s^ocSo hail ! 
vivat! — ^^?i the sound ^r 
shout of victory. — s^eS a war- 
drum. ~^h^ to conquer, 
succeed, gain. 

tdol)o.B jayanti, ^. The public 
rejoicing on the birthday of 

a god. -DD^— the festivity 
of Rama's advent. 
2iOjoOJci jayamini, see t^^^. 

2d odo^o 1, 2^0:^03^0 Jayavante, Ja- 
yasali, s. A conqueror, victor. 

tiO:^j^^do3oo^ Jayavijayeri^, .9. 
The door-keepers of Vishnu's 

2^oi5«)tiOdj jayajaya, s. Victory 
and defeat. 

EdoSo^a?^ jayinadis^e, see t^^K. 

tiO^j^ jayine, see '&^. 

tdoSoc^^, 2xio5o?oo^ Jayipuni, Jayi- 
suni, see '&^^. 

tiQ^:>o^ Jayili^, see ^1^6. 

tdd ^sltbl, s. Fever. a\>Ti6— a 
hectic fever. ax)7i,^ a fever 
from morbid heat in the body. 
Ib^— bilious fever, -^j^^::^ 
small-pox. ^T)^~ rheumatic 
fever, t^c^zjd^— typhus fever. 
?d^— , ,^5^— fever with ague. 
^2^hF^ to be attacked with 
fever. — eooa^^ fever to abate 
or leave. 

2dd jara, s. Old age, decrepitude. 
2. hardness. 

ti^'^od Jarakande, s. Enlarge- 
ment of the spleen, ague- 

tid=^jarakka, see ^^. 

Zi^Zi^ jarajara, see ei^^si^. 

Zi^z^ jaradi^, adj. Vain, unsub- 

2dd3c)D^, ti d 3^0 Jar at ari^, jar ata- 
ri, see a^e;^. 

ti^^ Jarane, see ^^. 


uzi jara 


ti^ Jala 

tdd2oo, UDDZf jarabu, Jarab^, see 

2iD^2oQ Jarabari, s. Tall and 
stout, well-proportioned. 

tsJD^sJodra jaramarana, s. Old age 
and death; death in old age. 

tciCe)?oo^ jarasandhe, s. A king of 
^z^Djari, ^.^A precipice, slope. 

2. gold or silver thread or 
J lace. 3. cuttings. ^. grit, 

granule, v^. sand. — eojsTJo^, 
see ^^4o^. 
JtiD^^ jaripuni (a^S), z^. d2;.^o 
insult, jeer, despise. ) 2. to 
shake, make tremble; cf. rio 

V tiOcdjo^ jariyuni (3^5), z/. ?/.>>To 
fall or slip down. 2. to wear 
away. 3. to shiver, tremble. 
-5 20jsi^o^ to fall off, drop off; 
to be cut away. 
tidJSCJj jaruru, s. Necessity, oc- 
casion, urgency. 2. want. 

3. pressure, adj. Necessary, 
urgent. g^-djsSrf pressing, 
urgent. aiiJjs"do(l) urgently. 

tid jar6, see ard. 
4 tidsS^) Jarepuni, see ^ti^?i. 
J U^]2JX2,,adv. Suddenly, quickly. 
— 3:s-dj^to slide down suddenly. 

2^=3^ jarka, see tis'r. 

tciljSFTSj^ Jartonuni, see '&^j^. 

tacgr Jarpu, see cii^r. 
Jticgr^ Jarpuni, see^^^?^. 2. see 

uz:^F Jfarbu, ^. Oppression, 

undue authority, overbearing 
conduct. -7:d-c5 a tyrant, 
oppressor. — t1) sd^^t^j^ to 
speak in an overbearing tone. 
— T^o ^eb?) to walk with a 
haughty mien. ~-Tid^\^ to 
show undue authority. 

tio^ 023^5^ jali^mbevuni (2^<5o25), 
7A ^. To be born. 2. to be 
TtsJO^tiO* jalijijaliji, ^^/^. Brightly. 
2. see siofgiof. 

ts3s^ Jala, s. Water, --ojezl sport- 
ing in water, ^sro?^ water 
beverage. —odjo^ a water- 
N/2xie-)=5^ jalak\ji, s. Glitter, gleam. 
— ^D^o^ to glitter, gleam. 

n^^ Jalaka, s. Bathing, ablu- 
tion. -^^^^^ to bathe. 
Jti^'SD^'^ jalakavuni, c, v. (of 

&©^o^) To cause to shine. 
Vsi^^j^ jalakuni (s^s)^), v.n. To 

2si^nc)6 Jalag^are, s. A man 
searching for gold in sweep- 
ings, etc. 

2^^2^d, td^txio^j Jalacara, Jala- 
jantu, s. An aquatic animal. 

Zi^^d, ti^3e)d Jala tar a, Jalatara, 
J. Gold or silver thread, ^r 
lace, -rf sis^a a turban with 
gold lace. 

u^zf Jalad|;i, see •^^^. 

t;je;ne)d Jaladare, sec "sa^-r-s^. 

2^^^53e)ad Jalapravaha, s. An 
inundation or stream of 

uzj jala 


esDo-Sr janki 

t3s;gj^ojo jalapralaya, s. The 
deluge; a flood. 

^ee;5^o^ jalamatta, .y. A level; a 
mason's level. 

t^is^^oe;^' jalamalaki^, s. A com- 
plete set of ornairients. 

libilali, jalalibulalj, s. A mas- 
querade at the Moharam. 

z^Oo^^, ^©oJoj?^3alipuni,ialiyu- 
ni, see di^°^4^. 

ti© jaldi, adv. Quickly, speedily, 

Ziv>]2ilm3i.f see a^^^. 2 honour. 
—^^0^ imprisonment for life- 
time. — j2i|^?) to dishonour. 

^^M, jalmatta, see 3ie;^w^. 

z^S^oJJo^, tis|sj)^ Jalmiyuni, jal- 
mevuni (3is5^, aie3j, -j. n. To 
be born, come into existence. 
Jz^i^ Jalla, s. A boatman's pole. 
^ 'i^t) jalli, s/k chaplet of flowers. 
2.''anything dangling or hang- 
^ ing loosely. -^3. boast, brag- 
>/ ging. 4. broken stones. tJ^ocWo 
c^— clothes loosely worn. ^^— 
a chaplet of flowers ; flowers 
dangling down the head, etc. 
_=2^ja2io ^, ~-T^-i.t)^t^ to boast, 
brag. -ais^T^j^ to wear flow- 
ers loosely; to suspend a 
garland of flowers. ~^?e;o^ 
flowers to hang loosely. 
/zd^ojoo^ jalliyuni (s^^), v. n. 
To boast, brag. 

u6 , 2^s3djS53 jalle, Talledolle, 

ro CO CO 

see jSjsd . 
tJi^ rl , ti ^ ^ , ti d ?i J a vane, J avane, 

javanye, s. A youth, young 

javantana, javantana, javandige, 
Javandige, s. Manhood, manli- 
ness, courage, hardiness. 

^^r?), t^-^'^ javandi, javandi, s. 
A young woman. ' 

tds^c^ javana, see ^■^^•^. 
-JtiM javali, see &"^^. 

Zizi^ javale, ^^^ fc"^^. 

tes3e)a javadi, ^. Civet, -ci ^^ 
a civet cat. 

tsiS32)^^, ti^D^ javanu, j avane, ^. 
A peon. 2. a servant, porter. 

tdS32)za^, t;iS3"32Jo javabiji, javabu, 
5. An answer, reply. — ^^js^f^ 
to answer, reply. 

2^zzDzz^Uii)^A, z^s^EOJCjsari java- 
b^darige, Javabudarige, s. Kes- 
ponsibility, accountability, 
liability. 8ist)20ocro-5 a res- 
ponsible man. 

t^s^s? javuli, ^^^ a3'?<9. 

s^dr^JS^^ javegodhi, j-. Barley. 

'd^^ javvana, s. Youth, virility, 
maturity: 5eL cOs^-^^, —^d 
xio^ to fade, get old. 

z^Zj^ javvane, see di^^. 

t^^^ jalaka, see s^e;^. 

Z;i%^Zd^ jalabala, s. A noise made 
by agitating water; bubbling, 
as of boiling water. 

td< jalla, see a^e^. 

Z3i)o-§- janki, s. Prattling, chat- 


t3e)ori janga 


'^^d jSda 

ts^oriei jangati, see 3:dac&3. 
23Dori€) jangali, see 8io7^. 
t3:)o^?d jantana, see di^^^^ under 

23j>c3JD^ jampariji, see tf^ozJS. 

t3c)oE0 jamba (^-^^r. ^a^i)^ ^t))i 
What will you do? what are 
you doing? 

ts^ozosJoi jambavante, s. The 
king of bears. 2. a fat old 
man ; /em. dd^o^^o a fat old 

23e)oZosS jamhave, s. A bear. 2. 
a strong, bold man. 3. a hairy 

23^o"c:)n, 23^os^o^7^ jambige, ja- 
min^ge, s. A flower twig of 
the wild jack. 2. a piece of 
coir rope used for igniting a 
gun, ek. 

t32)oe3 jambe {abbr. of s^D^oeS), 
What is he doing? 

23^o:3o^ jambel^, ^^. Large. 
— ^t3 a large breast. 

t33-S-f^ jakina, ^. Regard of per- 
son. 2. partiality. 3. respect, 
consideration. 4. kindness, 
compassion; bet. cre-Sj^r®o. 


23^^ jakti, see a^^sS^y^x^o. 

23e)n* jagi^, .y. A place, dwelling, 

station. 2. space, room. 3. 

land, ground. 
22c)r(oe3 jagante, s. A circular 

J^rid, t3c)r{dfl jagara, jagaran^, 

s. Waking, watchfulness. 

-sro?i the eleventh day of the 
first half of the lunar month 
Kartika, which is observed 
by the Hindus as a day of 
fasting and wakefulness, -e? 
ci)^^ to be awake. — ^s'o^j ^ 
to keep awake. 
es^hF^s:^ jaginapatte, s. A kind 
of garment worn by females. 
ts^A^D^ Jfi^fflr^j ^' A rent-free 
land, a freehold; cf. CA^otSjs^. 
'S^Dfs J age, see ^K. 
2S'z)7ti jagrate, s. Caution, care- 
fulness, vigilence. 2. dili- 
gence, assiduity. -e?rfo5^^, 
— "rfo^^ to be careful, cau- 
ts-szs*", 23^23 jaj^, jaji, s. A ship. 
Jlt3i)z3 jaji, s. The great flowered 
jasmine, Jasininum grandi- 
florum. — ^^ red chalk. -^ 
jasmine flower. 
J23^23^e)03o jajikayi, s. The nut- 
meg. —-^'^ the nutmeg-tree 
Myristica moschata. 
23c)t2sjs jajipatre, s. Mace. 
2j3G^ jad^, ^. A broom, bisom. 
t3c)J3<^ jad^, see o^jsS. 
t3c)G<^^oC) jadumalli, J. A sweep- 
er. 2. a scavenger. 3. a 
servant in charge of a travel- 
lers' bungalow. 
23c5c^fl jadane, j. Purging, loose- 
ness of bowels. 2. sweeping. 
3. see '^n>^. 
23«)3^u)"5cSo jadadaye, see a^^. 
23e)j^e3)D jadapuri, ^. A spider. 

22-3^ jadi 245 

>/t3e)^ Jadi, s. A large earthen 

JzSeJ^Q^^jadipuni (S:;Da), v. a. To 

shake off. 2. to sweep, clear. 
23^^do53 jadimale, see 3isS^^. 

*it3^d, s^-sdo Jade, Jadye, ^. A 
weaver. 2. a spider. 


oo Jadya, ^. Carelessness, 
negligence. 2. sickness, 

disease. 3. heaviness. 4. 
folly, stupidity. 

ts^r^ jana, s. Skill, wisdom; ^'^ 
&^f^. -t^^skilfulness, ability. 

t3^r3-S- Janaki, see "^-^t^^. 

23"3fo"3a7^ -anadige, s. Cleverness, 

22c)rJ, 23^p| Jani, Jane, j. A wise 

■23D3^ Jat^, see cjsg. 2. i"^^ cro^^. 

23c);^ Jata, ^^'. Born, produced. 
_=5^^F the ceremonies per- 
formed on the birth of a 

.23e)^=s^ Jataka, ^. A horoscope. 
^^~ a horoscope cast up 
without sufficient data, ■si^-d 
r®— a horoscope prognosticat- 
ing one's death. 

tS'SvB Jati, ^. Kind, sort, class, 
tribe, caste. 2. birth. 3. social 
position, status, adj. Pure, 
unadulterated; superior,high- 
bred. -^^- -^^j the rules 
regulating a caste. — =5"^!^ 

t3«5^ Japi 

tual jealousy of castes, -^i^ 

_&^2S the usage and custom 
of a caste. — ^m^^ _€&|^?roo3o 
an outcaste. — "sSo-d teakwood. 
— ^?c3 a man of low caste. 
— €yo^^ to lose caste. -S jS 
4^?) to excommunicate. — ^ ^e 
■oD^^i to admit into a caste. 
— ^-rf order of castes ; accord- 
ing to castes. 

^^3, t3D>l^^o^Jati,Jatikainara, 
see 2ii)2§. 

t3«)3sJ3, Jatipatri, see &;>osj^gj. 

zs^o^s; jatiphala, J^^ siDOSJS7)O30. 

23^ i Jatre, ^. The annual festival 
of a temple; cf. cdje)^. —3^ 
3i-d4 the people attending a 
festival, pilgrims. 

t3^c3% e3i)do Jadu, Jadu, :?. Sor- 
cery, conjuration. — •do^o^^J 
to conjure. 

23 c) a Jadi, see 3iD^. 

-^-^^ jana, ^^^ 2:^^^. 2. see t?^^- 

t3D?^^ Janaki, ^. Sita, daughter 
of Janaka. 

23^^ Jani, see 3^^^. 

23^^^^), e3DF^o^ janipuni, januni, 
see c?Doo)^oi. 

23^^ Jane, ^^^ ^^• 
/ts^oG^sJ^ Japavuni, ^.^'. (^a^D^?)) 
To put down, as a load; to 
unload] lighten. 

23«)SJ^ japaka, see 3^^^^. 

ceremonies peculiar to a caste. J^s^h^^ ^^^c^ Japini, Japuni (&3) 
—^s'ocii-^ a horse of a superior z'. n.^To be unloaded,! li<?ht- 
breed. -^3^?^, -^^"^ the mu- ened. 

23 a) ^ japu 


23c)6 jare 

23c)og japu, s, A kind, sort, form. 
—3^^^ different sorts. 
-1 25c)s5a^ japely, s. Putting down, 
as a load. 2. unloading. 3. 
a stone pillar for placing 
a load temporarily. 4. a 
halting place. 

t32)3Jg japya, s. Delay, loitering. 
adj. Slow, backward, linger- 
ing, loitering. 

t?e)S^ri jamyge, see a^^os!!^. 

23c)sdo Jama, s. A watch <?;' a 
period of three hours. —^ 
^J3e5 a cock crowing at three 
in the morning; c/. 3is^. 

ts^sJocTc)^ Jamadani, s. A knap- 
sack; C/. ^A&D5^. 

ts^^JSoJ*^ jamin^, j. Bail, se- 
curity. -tooSj a surety, se- 

22e)SjOor( Jamuge, see dc^o^H. 

t3e)sSj jame, s. A cunning or 
artful man. ^^■^'^^a-^ s, 
great thief. 

23c)05o=5c)o5o Jayikayi, ^. The nut- 

23e)03o^5)OSo Jayinayi, s. A grey- 

23e)05j3JvBj jayipatri, s. Mace. 

23c)o3j J aye, see crooi>. 

t3a)d, 23^d^ jara, jaratva, s. 
Adultery, incontinence. 

t3c)do7^ jarange, see 2=d5/^ 
Jt3e)dorio* jarangelvi, s. Slip- 
periness, glibness, smooth- 

t3c)dcC3c)o3j Jarandaye, j. The 
name of a demon. 

235)^235)^ jarajata, adj. Illegiti- 
^23"5Dc)5S^ Jaravuni, c. v. (of e^^T^o 
oi) To let slip. 2. to strip 
off, as clothes, etc.\ to bark, 
peel, flay. 3. to lop off, as 
the branches of a tree. 4. to 
steal. -dreS— to remove the 
thatching of a roof. ^^— 
to turn the cheek-bone by a 
slap, eos^^— to leave the door 
ajar. ^ofit_ to throw earth, 
as into a pit, etc. or fill it 
with earth. 
23e)D jari, s. Enforcement, exe- 
cution. — N^s^cli^, ~-^d^\:^ to 
put into operation ; to enforce, 

A23-9Dri Jarige, s. The Mysore gam- 
boge tree, Garcinia pictoria. 
—53)^ its fruit. — ^esS an ugly 

J23e)djF3'5)o3o jarunaye, s. An un- 
steady man, a backslider. 
23e)do^ jaruni (s^^^), v. n. To 
slide, slip down; to move 
further. 2. to be slippery or 
smooth. 3. to tumble, fall 
down. 4. to be dislocated,' 
as a limb. 5. to shrink, hesi- 
tate ; to backslide. 6. to flee, 
run away. 7. to stretch, as 
the lobe of the ear etc. 

423e)do3ia Jarupadi, see "n^t^TTs. 

23e)d Jare, s. An adulterer, 

\'i^i>t'6 Jarele, s. A runaway. 2. 


t3«)riF jarge 


'o2^o jmju 

an unsteady man. 3. a back- 
slider. 4. a coward. 

^^DfiF jarge, see 3dD5^. 

tSDir, t3c)c3r Jarte, jarde, ^. The 
sign Scorpio, tlie eighth Tulu 
Jz^^tiF^ jarpadi, s. Running 
away, decampment, retreat. 
— -siD^o^^ to run away, decamp ; 
to slink, escape. 

23^23^ Jaliji, s. A thrashing floor. 
2. a courtyard. 

z^ ^ Jala, s. A net. 2 . the lattice 
of a window. 3. magic, con- 
juration, illusion. 4. pride. 
r^o-dy- producing, by magic 
art, supernatural appear- 
ances, "^^ecrfj— bringing into 
existence, by sorcery, any 
thing required. 

tSD^D^ jalar^^, s. A fringe, net- 
work. 2. the borders of a 
garment, eU. 

23c)e3"3 Jala, see .croefe. 

t3c)Oe)odj Jalandra, s. Any wood 
work with bored holes. 2. 
an ornament worked into 
small perforations or holes. 

ejs© Jali, see a^d 

23€)0=s'e3. Jalikatta, s. Black 
stripes on the throat of a 

t3e)Ci^^Jalipuni, see 7^^^^^. 

t3e)0s^jd Jalimara, s. The tree 
Ocymum gratissimum. 

e3"3s3 Jale, i". Heat. 2. burning 
sensation. 3. pity, compas- 
sion, sorrow; cf. 3iD^e3. 

23"3d Java, see &s^o. 

ts'sd^o^o^ Javakallu, s. A block of 
stone by the road-side to 
rest a load upon, a porter's 

t3^si=CTodo6Javakudure, ^. A grass- 

23^sj^ Javadi, ^. A kind of verse. 

2. ^^(^ e^^Si. 

Ve3e)d^^o5o Javalanayi, s, A wolf- 
t3-3^«)55c^ Javavuni, see '^■^t^^. 
235)^ri, 23s^r^ Javige, Javuge, ^^^ 

t3e)SS^ Javuni (3il)), ^^^ ^t-^h^. 

t3e)sSs;^ Javel^, ^^^ a^^^^. 

e3"SrOg Jasti, ^. Increase, addition. 
2. injustice, violence. — S i^ifjs^ 
r©o^ to take by force, —z^^ 
■^0^ to speak in a violent 
tone, to abuse. — -rfj^Ov^ to 
force, compel; to increase, 
promote ; to raise, as rent etc. 

23^3oD^Jahiri^, ^. Representation, 
showing, informing, adj. Ob- 
vious, plain, clear. —^h^ 
to become known ; to be clear 
^■rfo^o^^ to explain, inform. 

'i^^ Jal^, see ddi>6. 

t3i)=3'ra Jakshana, see cro^^r©. 

'23o=^ jinke, s. An antelope. 

e^ohO Jingiri, ^^^ ^o-h). 

23o2d Jinja, ^^^ ac3i. 

Zoot3e)S3?^ Jinjavuni, see aoSi^^^. 

tooZo?^ Jinjige, see ^o^-R. 

eoo2^o^ Jinjuni, see aoa^o^. 

23oCJ jinda 


to 6 J ire 

zSocinc)^, e3oani?)c^ jindagani, 
Jindigani, s. Treasure, trea- 
sury, wealth. 

tSoari jindige, s. Property, 
estate, zi-d- moveable pro- 
perty. ^— immoveable pro- 

e3o?S, eSoc^e^d Jinne, Jinnesvare, 
s. The name of a personage 
peculiar to the Jaina sect, 
who is ranked by them as 
superior to the gods of other 
sects. 2. a teacher. 3. a 

tooEoo^ jimbuni, see sdoos^o^. 

ZooeooO, e3o2^ jimbuli, Jimbli, see 

t3o^o jimma, ad-v. Suddenly. 

23o3o jinhe, see 2§% 

t3^D^ Jikir^, ^' Care, anxiety. 

2. interference. 
"ojT^ jiga, ^^^ ^A. 

t3r(22ii, tSrizSn jigajiga, Jigijigi, 
.y. The jingling noise of danc- 

t3ne)0* jigari^, see aioT^S. 

2;j23e) ;o jijnasa, ^. Asking, inquir- 
mg. 2. search, investigation. 

z^U^ Jitti, ,y^^ rf)^^^. 

z3Lio^ jittu, see a^oyj^. 

c^a jitte, s. A lump, unshapen 

^d jidfe, ^^^ 3dz?. 
VzoCS*', t3t^ iidd\ii, Jidda, J. Ranci- 
dity, mustiness. adj. Rancid, 
musty. 2. see oS. _ oSoort 
rancid oil. 

Z^Q, jiddi, ^^'. Back, postern. 

s. A small, raised platform. 

-8cro^^ a back door; a small 

z^d Jidde, s. A kind of mortar. 

2. ^^£^ ^S. 

ef)a^3:^-^ a 

wooden mortar for pounding 

tj^ Jita, «^". Conquered, sub- 
dued, overcome, —zj^'d learn- 
ing a lesson by heart. -^^^ 
a disposition under discipline; 
a firm mind. 

Zol^ogjOSo Jitendriye, ^. One who 
has subdued his passions. 
2. an ascetic. 3. a sage. 

z3|j,=3^^ jittekalli, see '^-&'^^^u7ider 

23c3^ jiddi^, i". Enmity, hatred. 
to^ystuc^^ jiddajiddi^, s. Mutual 

e3do Jiddu, see ^5 . 

Zo^*?^^ to^?D^ jin^s^, jinas^ji, s. 
A thing, article, goods, pro- 

t3^*^?j^c^ jin^sara, s. Variety, 
diversity. adj. Various, di- 
Ae32J^o, euzooe^j, t3:jj^o jfibalu, Ji- 
bulu, jibulu, s. Boiled, tender 
areca nuts. 

z320J^ jibuli, s. A kind of boys' 
game, similar to hopscotch. 

23u jibba, see 2^020^. 

t3Dc)?^3s3 Jirasale, see 33eTi?5se3. 

E3d jire, adj. Little, small. — c3o?3 
light red. 



23 ^5j jiva 

^D^o^ JilijLmbi, see d^o^jd^o. 
^€)^e jilijili, s. Splashing. 
tSsSez:), t3©^ jilebi, Jilbi, s. A kind 
of sweetmeat; also 2§e58!)e3, 

z3^o^, tS^ozoo, e3^o^ jilupu, Jilu- 
bu, Jilpu, s. Locks of hair left 
above the ear as an ornament. 

eSeJ^jilme, see a^oe^jSo. 

2^<DD , tod lilla, Tille, 5'. A district, 

z^^DUf\j^z^\ jillatigobbu, s. A 
kind of game ; c/. Sa©^. 

e3?j) c^ J illy a, s. A curl. -a?L^^ to 
dress the hair in curls; c/. ^'^^^ 

e^So, Jihve, s. The tongue. 

t3^ Ji, <^^'. Small, little, short. 
— =^jseQ a short legged fowl. 
—^■dTSj?)^ a dwarf. —^O3o a 
lapdog ; a small kind of dog. 

2^5^^ jiki;, ^. Creaking, as san- 
dals, shoes, elc. when walking 
in them. —^ ^iookio^ creaking 

to^lJri Jitige, s. A torch, flam- 
beau. — oDoSo a torch-bearer. 

e3^5^ jitij, i". Advantage, gain. 
adj. Profitable, advantageous. 
— e;^o>^ to win, gain. 

^2ec^^ z3^^ jini^, Jini, ^. A saddle. 
-^yj^^, -^DT^o^ to saddle. 

tS^^^ro^ Jin^si^, see sS^oj. 

t3^^ jina, adj. Niggardly, parsi- 
monious, stingy. —^^ parsi- 
mony, stinginess. 

2^^^ jine, s. A miser, niggard. 

eS^oJ^ Jipuni, ^^^ a??:^. 

2:3^0* jirijL, see 2§er©i^. 
JzS^ddD jiradari, s. The seed 
Cummum Cyeninum. 

t3^d?j-8)s3 jirasale, ^. A superior 
kind of rice, a fine table rice. 

'^^^fs jiri^e, ^^^ a§eTJz:^&. ^^'. 
Small, short, --slooel, ^■^>:>:^^ 
a small species of capsicum 
(perhaps bird-pepper) of a 
stronger taste than other sorts. 

'^^t!):^'^ jiruni, see ?n?tjo^. 

23^6 jire, ^. A hero, brave man. 

2o^6^^?3, 23^^e)rd jirevale, jir- 
vale, s. A wasted palm-leaf. 
2. a worn out ear-ornament, 

to^rsF jirna, ^. Digestion, adj. 
Digested. 2. tattered, old, 
worn out ; of. \^^' —'^^ the 
power of digestion. —^h^ 
to be digested; to be worn 
out, reduced. — t^j^ok^^ to 

23^e^r9^d, 23erlJS^FC3^ d jirna- 
dhara, Jirnoddhara, s. ' Repara- 
tion, renovation. 

'S^l'^T Jirne, see 2S?r©r. 

23^drO jirdari, see ^?-dc^&. 

23^ ^F Jirna, see 2§?o3f. 

23^?o^Fd jirsale, see 22e"^?fe«3. 

23^sJ Jiva, s. Life, existence. 
2. vitality, strength. 3. a 
living creature. — ©sda^, 
— ©SaB languor, prostration. 
— j^ AoO dear, fond. — ^?^ 
full of life; fresh. — oso^ 

25^sj jiva 


teoozoo jiiiii^^ 

lifeless. —^ ^^f^ fainting. 
—^^jsfXo at the risk of life. 
-Cfb?) to be quickened, ani- 
mated. — ^^b^, — :^5^?), — jS 
s|v^ to take away life, to 
kill. — "S^^^sreo^, _ tSiijsreo^ to 
commit suicide; to bother 
oneself. ~t>^^ to be animat- 
ed; to spring, sprout. — ^ro-do^ 
to swoon, faint; to be alarm- 
ed, —^"^h^ to die, expire. 
—z:io^^ to die; to endeavour, 
aspire after. — ■?l)'^o^?) to 
revive, renovate, —tf'^o^^ to 
be envious. ^^^^ vital pow- 
ers. 8§e4/sAO 22e^ =^jsEjFoi to 
help at the risk of one's life. 

Zo^s^oi jivante, s. A living man. 

e3^sj^53, zS^sJ^^ jivakale, jiva- 
kale, s. Animation, vitality. 

to animate, ^. e. consecrate 
an idol. 

23^d=ae5oi jivakante, s. A hus- 

eSesJ^-^e; jivakala, s. The life- 
time, existence. 

eSesi^^^, t3es^^e)^?i jiva^hata, 
jivaghataga, s. Danger to life. 
2. murder. 3. treachery, ^e^ 
n^jd^-R a murderer ; a betrayer, 
treacherous man. 

tS^^tio^o jivajantu, s. A living 
creature, animal. 

to^s^cTc)^ jivadana, s. Gift of life. 

Zo^^Cjc)^ jivadase, s. Care for life. 

zS^s^Fj jivana, ^. Subsistence, 

livelihood. 2. life, existence. 
3. means of sustenance. -^^ 
^i to deprive one's means of 
livelihood. —Tid^^^ to live; 
to earn one's livelihood; to 
follow a trade. 

2u^sj^cp jivanathe, s. A hus- 
band. 2. Yama. 

Su^sd^jj^?^ jivamana, s. Duration 
of life, lifetime. 

to^s^Da)^ jivarasi, s. The animal 
kingdom, living creatures. 

^^^T^io'^zi jivasankada, s. Fa- 
tigue, weariness. 2. languor, 
exhaustion, —^h^ to be fa- 
tigued, exhausted. 

2o^drTO^> jivasthana, s. A vital 

2;j^S3^4,J^^^*^^* ^' -^^^ sentient 
soul, spirit. 2. life; c/. s:^r©. 
22?sro^^ man, as a sentient 

23^S3c)a jivadi, s. Living crea- 
tures, animal kingdom. 

23^539^ d jivakshara, s. A vowel. 

2o^D jivi, s. A living creature. 
2. a worm, an insect. 

T^^^i jivita, adj. Living, alive, 

23e^?l)c^ jivisuni (^e^oJ), v. n. 
To live, exist, subsist. 

tS^sJ Jivu, see ce^. 

tijoz^oo jumjum, see a^oSoa^oSo. 
Vtioozjo^^ jumbuni (a^oo-zS), v, n. 
To suck, sip, lick. 

tdjozoo©, Z;joo2oo'^juinbuli,jumbu- 

11, J^^ e!)o80oe5. 

^jodo jumma 


2dJ5)^ judi 

vl tdjodo Jumma, ^. A sudden stun- 
ning or smarting sensation. 

2^oos3o Jumme, s. Custody, 

^dOo05:) Junyi, s. A boiling or 
bubbling noise. 

tio^-3?uOc^ Jukasuni (&(o^oJ), 7;. n. 
To nod, be drowsy, sleepy. 

Zcij=3^o^ jukuti, see oci.30;^. 

2ij=3^j, jukku, ^. A measure of 
seven sticks in a game. 

z;jort juga, s. A pair. 2. twins. 
3. see odjjA. 

t;3ona)D% 2;ion«)0 Jugar^Jugari, ^. 
Gaming, gambling. _ :^ja20o^ 
c3do3j a gamester, gambler. 
_>^j320o^?i to gamble. 
-it^^ViX juttu, ^. A tuft of hair of 
the head, cue; -?ryo^^, _aoO 
sjDc^o^ to tie the hair into a 

2;ijrl Judde, see ^^ . 

tij2o Jubba, s, A short jacket. 

v.^i'i^x jubbu, 5. A spheroid, 


~AtiosJsS^2^o^3^ Jumjum, ^. Numb- 
ness, sleeping of the limb. 
2. a throbbing pain. 3. horri- 
pilation, -©"b^ a limb to be 
benumbed; to be horrified; 
to feel pain, as when a boil 

tij^j?)a jumadi, s. A demon so 

txjodoo^ jumula, see 2^0^^. 
-^ tijs^j, jumma, see 3^00^. 

tiJsSo, Jumme, see ^a^q-^. 

tijsjj Jumla, s. Total, whole. 


JtdOdJorlo^ Jurunguni (a^o-docK), 

v, n. To hesitate, be reluctant. 

t;iodosJs:e)c5 Jurumane, see 3^0*2^0 

2^oo^eoo Julabu, ^. Purging, 
looseness of bowels. 2. a 
purgative. ^e?^^ to purge. 
—t^jsliFoi to administer a pur- 
gative. — j2i3i^^ to take a 
purgative. —^^h?:^ to suffer 
from looseness of bowels. 
cro^^^— vomiting and diar- 
rhoea, cholera. 

tio0^, tij^o^, t^jo^o^Julipe, Ju- 

lupU, JUlpU, ^^^ 2500^. 

tioe^o^o^, tdjejj^Julumiji, julmu, ^. 
Oppression, tyranny, injus- 
tice: also diCiOjCiS^. aiod. _ais^ 
tyrannical procedure, violent 

Julumane, Julman^, Julmane, .y. 

A fine, penalty. -■rfo<^o^?) to 

tiOSTsa juvadi, see 2§?s3sa. 
t;iOST3^ juvali, s. A kind of reed. 
tio^^z^o^^ juli^jul^, s. The noise 

of falling water. 
JtdJ3z3, ^^JSt^j Juji, Juju, ^. Gaming, 

a wager, as with cocoanuts. 

— ^yo^?i to gamble. — 7v)"5 a 

gambler. —^ ^^se^ a fighting 

tiJ5)^, tdJsL^o jutiji, Jutu, s. A lie, 

tiJ3^o3)F^6 judlpugere, s. A kind 

tiJ33 Juti 


^>^^ jeil^ 

of tobacco imported from 

the Ghauts. 
tsJJSvB Juti, s. Shoes. 
2^J3^^ jul^, s. The cover of a 

saddle, horse-cloth. 
tiJSO juli, s. A funnel, pipe, 

spout. — ^ ^^ a distilling pot 

with a pipe. — sSoeoo a pot 

with a spout. 
^o'^^\ ^otooS jeinbilyi, jembuli, 

^023 jembe, adj. Insipid, taste- 
eE=s^ri) jek^ni, see 3i-&jf^. 
d^s;^ jekkeli^, see dd^^6. 
eErt jege, see 2^i<. 

^tH jeg-ge, ^^^ 3^5^. 
^li jetti, ^^^ 3i&o^. 

^^ jedi, s. A speck in the eye; 

bet. ciS. 
^^og^ jedipuni, see d^^h^. 2. 

J sEcl jede, ^^^ s^^. 

2£sS^^, 2£^r^ jeppuni, Jerpuni 
(^), 7/. ;«. To lie down. 2. to 
sleep, rest; also ^i^?^^. 

zE^ jeppe, ^. The last cowrie 
put in an empty hole of a 
playing board (eio^^s?) at 
the end of one's turn. 

^s3j jem^, see ^■^• 

^D' jer^, see ^^B. ^^^^^ 

J^3|, jesht^, s. Misfortune, cala- 

^^o^c)55)c^ jenkavuni, c.v, (o/^^o 
tfo^) To detain, stop. 2. to 
delay, put off. 

^^0=3*0^ jenkuni (fi^o^), v.n. To 
delay, be deferred. 2. to 
hesitate, waver; of. ieo^o^. 

^^0=^ jenke, see ^^o€. 

^^n^ jeg^, see crooSoK. 
^'' zE^^ jedi, s. Glutinous clay, 
chalk, a kind of white earth ; 
also ^eS. 

^^a jedi, tr. past part, of "^^^^ 
or jSs^^. 

zB^sS, ^^200 jepu, jebu, s. A 

^^D^ jeri^, s, A Pariah's child. 

^^0^, 2£e^ jer^j jera, i^. Descent, 
declivity, precipice. 
-^^^g**^"305j jerijkayi, see :R^Bm)O30. 
sE^^jjf jerlu, s. Pariah children. 
V^^sJ jevu, s. A child. 2. a lad, 
youth, ^fi- a male, man. 
^^e— a female, woman. 
^^23^ jel^, see ^^6. 

^^sl jeshta, ^^^ ^''^^q- 
^^sldjqij jeshtamadhu, ^^^ ^^?s^ 

^^^ jeshte, .y^^ ^^^^q- 

d^^'sari jeinadig-e, ^. Abstinence 
from meat and liquor. 

'S,)^ jeine, s. A Jain. 

&3^c^ jeipana, adj. Invulne- 

^^^^, 2S^?jj^jeipuni, jeisuni (^^), 
z'. ^. To conquer, win, be 

^)^0o^ jeimini, s. A sage so called. 

^o^ jeili^, ^. A jail, prison. 

^J?)o€ jonke 


^^JS^do jodu 

>/^J5o=^, e§J5o€e' jonke, jonkel^, 

s. A bunch, cluster. 
^JSosJ^, sSj^o"^^ jompadi, jom- 

pudi, s. A shed, hut. 
2§J3rij joggu, ^^^ 8^^- 
djsrio joggura, (^^'. Overripe. 
2Ejsi jote, ^^^ s^^. 
^js^ Jot^®> /'^'^^ ^- ^ ^^^^^ or 

J'SS)^ jolle, J. Spittle; ^^.'fe*^. 

^J3^o^^ jompudi, see ^osja. 

^J3^=3^o joku, s. Ostentation, dis- 
play; vanity, foppery. 

2£jS^=s^od.3^ jokum^, s. Danger, 
risk. adj. Dangerous. 
>/dJS^'^j^o jokulu, s. Children; 
c/. d;s?4- cS.'se^oTO&^T^ childish- 
>/^J3^=^ joke, i". Care, heed, cau- 
tion; safety, —t^^^^ to take 

^Ji^ii joga, s. Abstraction of 
mind; see oSjs^a. —^h^ to 
be in ecstasy. _ sDlbr^ to 
be seized with demoniac 

2§J3^/1cdj jogamma, s. A female 

eEjS^ri^ jogatte, s. Sitting cross- 
legged, -^'sodoob^ to sit on 

^JS^h ]ogi,s. A religious mendi- 
cant. 2. the name of a caste. 
3. the name of a man; also 

^^j^^r\t>oz^F jogiparndu, s. A 
kind of fruit. 

^s0^r\^?5r Jogipurse, s. The 

name of a demon. rflower. 

^J^^f\Z^ jogipu, s. A kind of 

'Sj^^r\z'M jogimara, s. The por- 

tia tree, Thespasia populnea\ 

also ^^f\ ^^ 7id ^-d. 
■J'Sj^^i^-:> pgu, s. A water-fall, 

catiaracu. fvessel 

^JS^rloc^ Joguni, s. A drinking 
J ^JS^rio^, 'S>J^^r{:i^ Jogula, Joguli, 

s. A lullaby. 
J ds^^Zi^Dzid^ jojapaduni (-s^^S), 

V. a. To sing a lullaby; to lull. 
J^JS^eoO^oo^, ^js^tio^jojiyuni, jo- 

juni (■<S.^e^, 5^?^), z'. n. To 

lull to sleep. 
J^JS^^JS^ jojo, inlj. expressive 

of blessings Be happy, etc. 

It terminates every song of 

certain lullabies. 
^JS^ei Joti, s. A plait. 
^EJS^dcl jodane, s. Joining, unit- 
ing, union, collecting. — ^ 

^\^^ to join; to get ready, 

prepare. [^o^i^. 

^JS^cs^^^ jodapini, see under 
djs^css)^^^ jodavuni, c v. (o/^^ 

aodoo^) To make join, unite. 
^J5)^^ Jodi, see ^€^. 
2£J3^^?^ Jodige, see ^^ri^. 
eBj3^^^^ jodipuni (^jse^i), v. a. 

To join, pair, unite. 
^JS^^oJoo^jodiyuni (^eS), v.n. 

To be joined, united. 
'S>J$i^d:i jodu, ^. A pair, yoke, 

match, couple. 2. a pair of 

sandals. (2;^'. Equal, like. 

_t5;3?-rfo two and two. -t?l^?), 


•^j^^d Todne 


23^ ^ inani 

^^zs^h^ to join, couple, pair. 
—■^s^^o^^ to join, pair, unite. 
2. to assist, countenance, pa- 
tronise, t^^— a pair of gloves. 
s:^^oJ- a pair of slippers. 
■Booso— a pair of stockings. 

^JS^d jodne, see ^j?>^TiA 
-J^Ejs^s^^j^ Jotaduni (^jae^S), 
V. n. To wave, move, oscillate. 

^JS^^ joti, see ^^?S. 

2§J3^vB=S^JS^^o jotikolu, ^. A long 
walking stick. 

2£js^35S[, 2§J5^3;^ jotisha, Jotisa, 
see ^jso^'S?:^. 

dJS^vl^o jotishye, see d©^?^^^. 

2£j5^ J jotra, see d^?^. 

2£js^^r^ Jonage, .y. A wicked per- 
son; a lewd fellow. 

^Jt>^3ia jopadi, see ^o^a. 

J ^J^^3i^, sBj^i^SJ;^^, ^J3^53tt)^ JO- 

pane, jopasana, Jopana, s. Care, 
circumspection. ^^'. Cau- 
tious, careful. — •rfo'i^^o^^ to 
take care of; to keep care- 

^J3^sJJa)6?^d jomalesara, s. A 
kind of gold necklace. 

^J3^o5j joyi, see ^jse?\. 

^j^:^o5o?gjoyise, .$". An astrologer. 

e^js^d Jora, ^^^ ^e^- 

tBjs^do, 2£j5^D"9dQjoru, joravari, 
^. Force, pressure, violence. 
2. importunity. 3. power, 
strength. 4. severity, harsh- 
ness ; also c5j8eS, sSjaeO. _eylb^ 
to become importunate; to 
become powerful, to be af- 

fected with liquor, tobacco, 
etc\ to be harsh. — troj^^ to 
be hard. --rfo^o^^ to force, 

'i^^^ jola, see ^js?^. 

^JS^^oh jolangi, .y^^ n^i^o?\. 

J2§JS^o«)e3 Jolata, s. Oscillation, 
^J3^©, ^JS^©?^ joli, Jolige, ^. A 
small bag for receiving alms. 
2. a piece of cloth suspended 
by a woman down her shoul- 
ders to carry about her baby 
in it. 

^J?)^^o jolu, adj. Soft, moist. 
>y2. pendent, flapping. ~^^ 
a soft or moist kind of jag- 

>/2Bj3^^ jovu, s. a child, baby, 
youth, youngster. 2. a fe- 
male child. —"^^^^^ j£;3e^o«K<o 

J^JS^^ jola, s. The great millet. 
Sorghum vulgare. e5&— a 
small kind of millet, Sorghum 
saccharatupi^ the Chinese su- 
^J5^^ Joli, see osp3jsee3. 
^J?^^, 2£j3^^ri joli, Jolige, see 

Jtj^^ Jouli, s. Cloth. -crooSo a 

cloth merchant, draper. 
yz3^<^joul6, «4/'. Tasteless, insipid. 
t3^ f^ jnana, .y. Knowledge, wis- 
23?)?^ Jnani, s. A wise, learned 


man, a sage. 

t3c)?^o jnanu 


dojJD^o jhama 

22D ^0^ jnanuni, see r?;>^^4^' 
23^ 3J^ Jnapaka, s. Memory, re- 


^0^4 Jyeshtha, s. The third 
lunar month, adj. Best, ex- 


2. elder-born; 9C 

do ^5^ sjjqSo jyeshthamadhu, s. Li- 
quorice root. 

&^4 jyeshthe, s. The eighteenth 
lunar mansion. 2. an elder 
sister. 3. the goddess of 
poverty (^co)-^^^ misfortune. 

'&^^ jyeshthe, s. The elder son 
or brother. 

d^^^^B jyoti, s. Light, lustre. 
2. a star, -^^j astrology. 

dj?o^3^jyotisha, s. The science 
of astronomy ; astrology. 

2£j?o^>B^o jyotishye, ^ An astro- 
nomer, astrologer. 

ujii J vara, see ^Ti. 

tsiD^o^doojD Jvalamukhi, ^. A vol- 

23^ ^3 jvale, s. Flame. 2. heat, 
warmth. 3. inflammation. 


d^ jha. The twenty-second letter 

of the alphabet. 
dpo=aDd jhankara, sec ^.^ec^-d. 
dooodpo jhamjham, see "cb^^^ 

d:^os53a)°^ jhampetala, ^^^ ^o^ 

dp5-305o?;jo^ jhakayisuni (tC\o^ 
cxsjoi), v.n. To bluster, tyran- 

dcpiidc^jri jhagajhaga, s. Brilli- 
ancy. — -^ooEio^ to shine bril- 

d:^r(°^ jhagala, see s^X^. 

jhag'gane, ^^Z^.'. Quickly, 
hastily, —-^oc^o^ to flash. 

d¥>r^N ^ 

as lightning. 

dcpej^sjei Jhatapati, see sd&jD&w. 
dco^sB, d:^^ Jhaditi, jhadti, s. 

Examination, as of accounts. 

2. search, rummage. 


dp^^S^ jhadipuni, see d^^h^. 

Jhanu, jham^jhamu, s. The 

tinkling of ornaments when 
. walking. 

dpsSoO Jhameri, see ^-^oQ. 
d^O jhari, s. A spring. 2. a 

cascade, waterfall. 
T^o^ jhallu, s. Sudden terror. 

2. palpitation. 
6d^DU>^, dc^-9C3B jhadiji, Jhada, s. 

Settlement 6'?' payment in full. 

2. completion, termination. 

—^h^ to be settled or paid 

fully, to be over, finished. 

^^0^0^^ to pay entirely, to 

dc^c^^ jhadane, see dd^riA- 
c^Jc)^j, ^-^zj Jhama, Jhava, see 



^Dv jhala 


y^a) taka 

c^: «) V 0^ , dc^^ o D J lialar^, jhalari, 

6:p^o=5Dd jhenkara, ^. The buz-- 
zing or humming of bees. 

d:pJ?)^osJ^ jhompadi, see daozja. 

'^ ria, The twenty-third letter of 
the alphabet. 
J <^o7^^, '^=sS nann^^i, nakki^, s. 
Crushing, bruising into a 
jelly or mass. ~^h^ to be 
crushed into a mass. — "s^ 
^^^ to crush into a mass. 
"^ix^ii nakkanakka, adv. Quick- 
ly, swiftly; coarsely. 
J 'oO=^^% "oCT^^b^ nakkati^, naga- 
T^dit^jadj. Lean, thin, stunted, 
'Sr^ nappe, see <^^c833«. 2. see 

^c^r^o^ riar^nar^, see zibzib. 
2. see N^c^oTJj. 


'^d'^d, ^=5^F'^^rnaranara,iiar- 
kanarka, ^^■. Slight, little. 
— s3e^ slight pain. 

'SO'^r narke, see ?^^r. 

'^5^^'^^^, '^j?^^'^3^^ navu- 
linapuli, nolinappuli, ad:'. In- 
discriminately. — ^^^ to eat 

'SO^^ nani, ^6?^ s^o). 

'^JSoZGo nonnu, adj. Shrivelled, 

i'^JS^© noli, s. Anything sticky, 
gummy glutinous, viscous. 
2. saliva. —Ti-d Aloe lit or alts, 
—'STfdj^ to vomit phlegm. 


y ta. The twenty-fourth letter 

of the alphabet. 
lJo5*^ejo^^ tankijitank^, s. Pit-a- 

pot, twang, as of a wire, elc. 
Uov£^ tankana, s. Borax. 
UoT5^?TOd tankasale, see Ts^o^steeS. 
Uc^DD^ tankar\j, see ^d^^. 
eJc^g'o tanku, s. The twang of a 



eJorV^ tangly, s. A saddle girth. 

-ieJoSjDs* tantan^, s. A noise made 
in sounding a brass vessel, 
elc, with the knuckles. 2. the 
striking of a clock. 

y«'e)OSo?uj^> takayisuni, see ^v^ 

U^c)D^, y^^S takary, takari, see 

£j=5^ takk^ 


ej^xf^ tikijL 

13=5^, Uvd, takki^, takku, see 

y=^ takke, see ^^^. 
i ^rio^ tagariji, ^. A ram. 

y^ tappa, (^^^. Flatly. —^ 
ziov^ to drop down flatly. — sojs 
1^0^ to fall flatly. 

yssi^o^ tappali^, s. The post. 
2. a relay of bearers, bullocks, 
^^^.; <2;/j-^ w^. — ^^ the post- 
ofiice. -?f;)A^ a letter-paper; 
a post-letter. - ^orfo^ a post- 

eisjo^, e3^ tamate, tamki, ^. A 
tambour. 2. proclamation by 
beat of tomtom. — ^d^o^ to 
proclaim in such a manner. 

i]D'305o?oo^ tarayisuni, see t^^dsoso 

yD-S)53fl taravane, see ^^■^^. 
eJsdfl tavane, see ^^^^' 
y?o, y?o tase, tasse, see ^;6. 
to 0=5^ tanki^, s. The nib of a 

pen. 2. basting down a 

stuffed bed, to make it secure. 

— ^ij^cio^, ~^o;^ s:^c^o^i to nib a 

pen; to baste down a stuffed 

^30^ c^^, ^"so^^ tankan^, tanka- 

ni, see 6ro^f^. 
teo^ tanki, i-. A trough, or 

^"So^^ tankini, see &ro^f^. 
to=g^ takyi, ^^^ 6:3 o^. 

b"5)=s^D5^, ^-stS^c^^ takan^, takanyi, 
.y. A Pegu pony. 

be)^c)b'3^^, ^c)=^J?)^^c)=5^ takata- 

ki^, takotaki^, adj\ Quick, hur- 
ried, hasty. 

^^cl, e3^c^o tane, tanya, see t^tdc^s. 

to^, eje)^^^osS, ^1)35 tapu, ta- 
pupituve, tape, s. Banishment, 
transportation. ~^t^ to be 
punished with transportation. 

too^ tariji, see .^^. 

ejc)d tara, see -^B. 

ba)S^, ^e)53l3^"i)P§^ tavU, tlVU- 

tikanu, see tto4- 
b'S"^ tali, ^. A lie, deceit. 
^■3^^^ talipuni (&ss?), 7,/. a. To 

deceive, cheat; ^. tsDC^^. 
Uo=5^ tinkij, ^. The sound of a 

stringed, musical instrument, 

as a guitar, efc; also &3o-S-rS. 
e32C^^e32S=^ tin^tinij/^. Tinkling. 
13^* tiki^, s. The sound, as of 

a pendulum. ~^t^ to tick. 
li^^roS li^Dr?) tikani;, tikani, 

see 3^^. 
ej^ tikki, ^. Hitting one marble 

with another in a game of 

marbles. -zi^rio^ to hit a 

m tikke, see ^%. 
eieJs^ tittibha, s. A lapwing. 
Ut^M tippane, s. A commentary; 

an explanatory note. 
Ui:}, tibbi, ^^^ ^?4- 


Ue tilli, ^. The spleen, milt; 

13^=0% e3^=^^ til^iij tit^j •^- Mean- 
ing, interpretation, glossary. 
&3e-a-?do^ to translate, inter- 
pret, explain. 

13^^^ tik^ 


DDrD thana 

ii^^* tikyi, see s?^, 

ei^^ tiki, s. A small precious 

object ; a small bell ; cf. •^^. 

— -dorS a gold necklace. 
ii^^ tipu, s. A stitch; ^/^-^ i'esSi 

4'3eD7^. -^ds'o^ to stitch. 

e3^;j tivi, see a? -a. 

ejj^j,yj=s^j,, lio^j,=5* tukkutukku, 
■& ■& a \ 

tuktukyi, adv. Rapidly, quick- 
ly. -e;sAOg^ to dart, flit, fly. 

^o=ar35s3, eSo^"?) »5 tenkasale, tenk- 
_ , a) • ' • 

sale, i"^^ ■^os'^iDe?. 

^^Sjd§'5)v2, eSe^ra tevanati, teva- 
ni, see "^e^^roB. 

J^JSo=3^ tonka, .y. The loins, hip. 

~6^?i, —zj^rid^ to hop, leap 

on one leg. 
63j3^ toppi, s. A cap, hat, or 

helmet. 2. fraud, cheating. 

3. failure, defeat. -i?b^ to 

fail. ~-^^h^ a hat to put on. 

-sroil)^ to cheat. 
-^^JS^Jj tollu, see if.«^o^. 

^JS^=a% ^JS^^s'o tok^, toku, ^. 
Cash, ready money. 2. total, 
aggregate; also feSjseon'o, ^Sjae-S-. 
— 3jr©4 money in cash. — "d.^ 
srooso total rupees. 

^ tha, The twenty-fifth letter 
of the alphabet. 

^0T^rve)s3 thankasale, s. A mint. 

c^^c)05o?^o^ thakayisuni (^wdoso 
cj), ^. ^. To deceive, cheat. 
2. to gain time by false re- 

C^Se)& thakari, adj. Spurious, 
false, counterfeit, —-d:^^:) sl 

^5^0, thakk^, thakku, s. 


Dissimulation, deceit, pre 
tence, hypocrisy, fraud. -^?J 
chicanery; hoaxing. -3if^^ 
to lie; to pretend, -^^o^^ to 
cheat, deceive, defraud. 

C^^ thakke, s. A cheat, dissem- 

c^rio* thagary, see uX5. 


dG^o5o:jo^ tharayisuni (^t^^oso^), 
7y. a. To compose, execute 
any literary work. 2. to fix, 
determine, settle. 

?:^d"ssjcI tharavane, s. Composi- 
tion, combination of the 
parts of any literary work or 
discourse; diction, style. 2. 
settlement, determination. 

dsjfl thavane, s. Simple and 
compound addition. ~^jizs^ 
4^i to add up figures. — sjs 
^oi to write down figures for 

c^ro, c^4 thase, thasse, s. A seal, 
stamp. 2. stamp duty. — w) 
7(^ a stamp paper. 

Uc)r3, u^r^o thana, thSnya, .y. A 
place, station; lodging; a 
garrison, police-station. 

crao^ thar^ 


d€. dakka 

BDD^ thari^j adv. x4t one stroke; 

completely, fully. 
D^^ thavu, s. A place, abode, 

lodging. 2. cause, occasion; 

also Ti;^4S>^Fi. 

S)=$Df^^, S5"3r?! thikaniji, thikani, 
s. Eesort, residence, station. 

2. means, room, opportunity. 
©^5^, S^=CTO thiki;, thlku, ^4/*. 

Proper, fit. 2. exact, complete. 

3. true, —s^ ^r®c3 a sumptuous 

S)^^ thipu, see ^^4- 

S)^^ thivi, ^. Ostentation, dis- 
play. 2. condition, state. 3. 
gait, figure, mien. 

^o^^d, ^^o^siit thenkara, then- 
kara, s. The twang of a bow. 
2. haughtiness, pride. 

^^^ess-)*!, ^^drJ thsvanati, the- 
vani, s. Deposit of cash. 2. 
ready-cash. 3 . keeping money 
in a bank. — :i?b^ to deposit, 
keep money in a bank. 


d da, The twenty-sixth letter of 

the alphabet. 
d da, a conditional particle af- 
fixed to verbs ^ signifying: 

If. e?o3j 80£^c^ if he should 

come. ws^rtSr^ if he does not 

do dam, see t^So. 

Cao^', c«o^, Cao^CTrii danki^, danka, 
dankani, s. A large, double 
drum, ■rfo^aro^ a drummer. 

do^^d daukara, s. The sound of 
a double drum. 

do^ danke, .y^^ ^o^. 

(^o/T^, dorij dangy, dangu, s. 
Surprise, wonder, —^t^ to 
be surprised, stunned, over- 

dorl, do/io danga, dangara, ^^^ 

doridori dangadanga, «^^'. Hasti- 


doHo^ danguni, see rfoAo^ 

Ti6f\ dange, ^^^^ c^ot^. 

dori dangra, i". Proclamation by 

beating of a gong etc. —^^ 

^0?) to proclaim in such a 

' dodfo^ dandany, s. The sound 

of a large^drum or gong, 
do 20 damba, see t^c^. 

doZJd dambara, i". Pomp, gran- 
do2o6 dambare, see ^oso-^. 

doE^ dambha, 3". Ostentation, 

display, -^jssio^^ to boast, 

dozp'sz^^d, ::^o2j3D^j dambhacara, 

dambhata, s. Ostentation, 

empty show. 
d5), d^, dakka, dakke, ^. xA. large 

kind of double drum, shaped 

dc7) dana 


c^ozoj dubdu 

C5 • 

like an hour-glass. —^ soeD 
carrying an idol in proces- 
sion round its temple with 
beating of such a drum. — cro 
o3o a drummer, adv. see rf^^. 

Jdt^dz^ danadana, s. The sound 
of a large bell. 
d^ dappu, s. A small drum 
beaten on one side ; a tabret. 

-Is^ej dabba, s. A noise of any- 
thing falling into water. —^^ 
Tio?i to fall into water with 
a noise. 
zit^. dabba, s. A tin box, as of 

kerosine oil. 
dt). dabbi, s. A small box, chest. 
2. a box kept in temples, for 
receiving offerings. ^5-^ a 
snuff box. 

c^m dabbu, ^. A lie, falsehood, 
^j * 
2. a boast, brag. 3. a half 

anna piece. — t^tS a liar; a 

braggart. — s>)^o?j to tell a 

lie; to brag. 
zi^:^ dam, s. The noise of firing 
J a gun. ^i— 'rfEo the noise of a 

c^sJoD^, :^s^jdo=^, j^s^oOort dama- 

rii, damaruka, damaruga, s. A 

small drum, shaped like an 

Jc5s3J3r^, ^^5^6 damana, damara, 

s. A kettle-drum. 
z^sjj?)^j damami, ^. A hollow 

sound, empty noise. 2. false 

dignity ; ostentation, empty 


c^S3c)05ol dalayite, s. A belted 

d^ij^o^, zi^i)0 davali^, davali, s,\ 
A peon's belt. — 3:]Dtlj3r©o^ ta 
put on a belt. 

ds^^ijo davulu, ^^^ rf^ejo. 

C3e)ot:D=^, Ci"3o"4)r^dambike,dainblii- 
ge, ^. A pedant, one given 
to affectation. 2. a hypocrite. 

Cia)=5^ dak\i, s. Vaccination. — sro 
Tk>^ to vaccinate. 

UDz:^do^T damdum, see 9dSo 

C3e)a^ dali^, ^. A shield. 

W^O^ dalcini, see ^p ?). 

to- _• ^ 

iSe)^ dali, s. An army. 

^o-S- dinki, s. A gymnastic 

^0^0^ dindindi, s. The knoUing 

of a bell. 
^o^si), ^^rio dindima, didima, 

s. A small drum. 
^z^, ^23^^23^ dib, dibdib, s. 

The noise of a violent blow. 
^EOA dibbu, J. A push with the 

^^o^ dil^, adj. Loose, not tight. 

2. free, unrestrained; also ^^ 

e;, :>^^^o: 
do's^ duk, see yo^o^yog'Oj. 
r^orb duggii, .y. Uneasiness. 
djZ^DQ^^iTio^ dubayisuni (^scrooaj 

CO), v.a. To drown 2. to 

cause loss. 3. to deceive, 

t^jajj^:* dubdub, s. The sound 

of a small drum. 

d^iZd^ dubba 


ZpJ5?=3*o dhoku 

rs.zj dubba, see ^20^. 

c^osjoo d^ dumdum, s. The sound 
of a large drum. 2. see ^So. 

do=5oFdo=aor durkudurku, ^. The 
noise of breaking wind down- 

do^fj dennana, see zj^zi^'^. 

d^6 dere, s. A tent, -sijd^o^. 
— ^^^j^ to pitch a tent. 

d^J5)^^ deimanij, ^. Diamond 
in cards. 
J2|j^o=5S ^JS 0=3^0 donki;, donku, s. 
Crookedness. adj\ Crooked, 
curved. 2. perverse, cross. 
— s>)T^o^ to limp, hobble. 

dj^oi^ danka, ^^^ a^o^. 

JrlJSo^o^ donkeliji, ^. Crooked- 
J rlJSofI donne, ^. A cudgel, club. 

^JSo20Da)lJ, dJ^o^3•e)ej dambarata, 

dombata, see <5jso2ot3su. 
dj3o20c)6 dombare, see ^SjscsS. 
-i i|j?)o2^, jIjSoeS dombi, dombe, see 

^lJ5o^3D^ domberi^, ^^^ djsod^. 
^J3os3o* dombeli^, see dj?>ot26. 

■D-' -d- 'I '^ _ 

rrao^, djs rio ^dokka, dokkalu, 

do^galv, doggal^, doggu, see 

A ' A 

djizj^ doppa (-^-2^^), Z'^^/;^. 

With, together with, efodo- 

with him. ?:^T^js)?^a— with 

man; ef. a^^. 
^JS^ doppe, see As^. 
dJS^A dollu, <2^'. Fat, stout, 
J large. 2r void, hollow, s. A 

djs^ dolle, s. A pot-bellied man. 
c|jS^=aO doku, see 4j^^^o. 
dS}^!^ dobi, s. A washerman. 
^JS^O^ dol^, see zf^fyo. 
clj^e^oA dolangi, ^^^ cf^^cTs. 
^dJS^O doli, .y. A dooly or litter. 
c|j?)^e-)a, z^js^^o dolu, dolu, see 

clJe^^^-^ dola, s. The eye. «:^" 

z^^B^ doulat^, see t3^e;§. 
cf^^o doulu, i'. An estimate, 

valuation. 2. appearance; 

mien; air; demeanor. 


Zf> dha, The twenty-seventh letter 

of the alphabet. 
do =5* dhanka, see Tic^. 


2^ ^6 dhere, see 'dfd. 
2pj^^=^j dhoku, s. Injury, defect. 
2. fear, alarm. 

ra na 


;^o^ tandi 

rj) na, s. The twenty-eighth letter 

of the alphabet. 
r^sj d nappada, s. Weariness, ex- 

haustion; harassing. — ^efb^ 
to be done up, harassed. 
ra^ nala, adj. Smooth. 

:i ta, s. The twenty-ninth letter 

of the alphabet. 
-i ^c^ tanka, s. The lungs. 2. the 

liver. 3. see tjo^, --=5^acdoo^, 

—47^^^ to be very much 

^0^ tanki, see ^o-&. 
^on^ tang-iji, see ^oK. 
^oJid tangada, see lioA-d. 
i :^or!^ tangadi, s. A male's 

younger sister; also ■ko7\. 
^oTir^ tangada, adv. Together, 
^orra^ tangali, s. A cool breeze. 
^oT\^rf tangis^, adj. Cold, chill. 

^. A fishing tackle, fishing 

i^orio^ tanguli, see iioiKoc. 

tozz^too'^t^ tannanemannape, s. 
Deception, imposition, pre- 
tence. — "siD^o^^ to impose 
upon; to pretend. 

^Qi& tanci, s. A bag, purse. 

^oti tanja, s. Evening, sunset, 
night, -rf e^*^ the evening 
^i^csoc^ tannana, s. Rice boiled 


in the preceding evening, 
stale food. 

io^DSj^ tantavuni, see ^^o^^^. 

;^ol]o^ tantuni, see ^ou^^. 
J;^o^ tante, s. Annoyance, 
trouble, difficulty. 2. mischief. 
3. interference, meddling, con- 
nection. —7^'5,—£/^& a trouble- 
some, mischievous or obsti- 
nate man. —^w^jB vexation, 
molestation. — ^^, ~7jd^ bad 
goods; rotten things. — ^^Ov 
^> to annoy, trouble. oi^^ 
eyodo ^o^ ^jslS have nothing 
to do with him. 

^oC5^ tand^, s. Whole. 2. see 
rfoS. adj'. Entire, whole. 
•\:iou\ ^ozi tandi^, tauda, .yrMulti- 
tude, crowd, host, army. 2, 
a side, party. 

^ozZD:^oozi:> tandatundu, see ^oTi> 

^oWdrf tandasy, s. A privy on 

the bank of a river. 
^c^ tandi, see tioSi. 
^oQr^ tandige, see ^c^iR. 

:^oc^o tandu 


;^ofS tanne 

;^o2^o^oodotandutundu, see-^^oTki 
!^ooTli. [raw state. 

:^odj^) tandula, s. Rice in a 
J;^ocl tande, ^. A silver anklet. 

^ocl23^, :^ocls3 tandely, tandele, s. 
The captain of a native vessel ; 
a boatman, tinclal. 

icrs tanna, ^^^ ?^cp©. 
V^orsF^, ^ofo^sSors tannana, tanni^i- 

mena, see ^e|_?^- 
^:sors?o^ tannas^, see ^r©cJ. 
>/;^or?) tanni, <3;<5^". Cold; cf. 7io^. 
sj -N/^crfeS cold water. 

^03^, ^0:^0 tant^ji, tantu, s. 
Thread. 2. pulse, vein, nerve. 
®o^ ^J3^ zjocIdot^o only the 
pulse beats. 

^0^ tanti, ^. Wire. 2. the string 
of a musical instrument. — w 
33|^^ the telegraph. 

^oj tantra, s. Craft, cunning, 
device, trick, intrigue, plot. 
2. worship performed by hand 
without formulas. 3. a reli- 
gious treatise on formulas, 
rites, etc. for the worship of 
the deities. 4. the part of the 
Vedas treating of magical and 
mystical formulas. 5. subser- 
vience, service, dependance. 
— t^tS, — croo3o, ^-sixjs^F a crafty 
man. — croS, see ^oSj. —-^^^^ 
to play tricks, to deceive. 

:^o^^ tantrajrie, s. A man of art. 

^ov^, ^Q^'i tantri, tantrike, s. 
One versed in mystical formu- 
las, rites, elc. for the worship 
of the deities. 

^023^ tandiji, see tjoS. 

^oc3^^o^, ;^oC3^doo^ tandi^pudi, 
tandi^mudi, see ^o6j?>^. 
J^odi^ tandana, .y.vAn unmean- 
ing sound, used in humming 
a tune. 2. red sandal ; c/. sio 
^^. adj. Small. 2. deterio- 
rated, reduced, worn out ^ 
t>7\ ^od^ e?oS this ornament 
is worn out. 
7;^odo^ tandel^, s. A cudgel, 
club; also — Aoa?^. 

;^odJ5^ tandodi, s. The handle 
of a plough. 

:^odJ?)^?^ tandolige, s. The white 
dammer tree Valeria Indica. 

^0(d^ tannana, see siocd?^. 

-^Ofds^tannavu,^^^/?. One's own; 
his own. 

V^ocSc)^, :^o^"5ln^ tannate, tanna- 
teg:^, /'?'^/2. For oneself, him- 
self, itself, ad^}. Of one's own 
accord, by itself. — E^c^ijsrso^ 
to walk for oneself, i. e. to act 
as one likes. 
';^o^o3j tannaye, s. One's own 
man; a dependant; a friend, 
:^o^5J3^rJri tannimaniga, s. The 

name of a female demon. 
^0(5 tanne, adv. Near, by, close, 
s. A bystander. — erooj^o^ 
to stand by one. —^fjs-ds^^ 
to vex. _8olbF^ to come to- 

-i^o^^ tannena, adj. Cold, cool. 
;^oc3ajo^ tannepinne, s. The old 
and young. 2. box and dice. 

io?Se tanne 


^o;?o tamme 

:^0r2^cl tannede, see M'^- 
totj^ tampade, s. Two slips of 
a bamboo placed close to 
each other, and tied together. 

J^oo^ tampu, s. Coolness, cold. 
adj. Cool, cold, -^j^s? cool 
breeze. -e?L^ to become 
cool ; to be appeased, pacified. 
-^^0^^ to cool ; to appease, 
^020=5^ tambaky, s. The prince's 
metal, an alloy of certain 
metals, pinchbeck. 2. tobacco 

v/^ozoy, ^o2o^ tambata, tambate, 
A tambourine, war-drum. 2. 
boast, bragging. S.^'^^e^osSjaa. 
_=?^jsE^^ to brag. 

n/;^oEou^ tambada, s. A large drum. 

^otod tambara, s. Coriander. 2. 

see ?jo2J3t^. 

:^o2odc^ tambarande, j. Garlic. 

;^o23^=a^ tambak^, see ^o20^. 
J ^ot^fi tambige, s. A small, round, 
metal vessel. 

^ot^^ tambila, ^. An ordinary 
offering to demons, etc. ^t< 
€— see under ^-R^. ?iDX~an 
offering to serpents. ^^- 
a grand offering to demons. 
_=^jsLr?) to give such offerings. 

;^o200 tambu, ^. A tent. — s:dt1d 
^), —^7)^0^ to pitch a tent ; to 
remain, stay; to delay. -^ 
o3dh?i to halt, stop in a march. 

^02000, ;^o20J?)0 tamburi, tambu- 
ri, s, A five-stringed guitar. 
2. a soldier's drum. 

^oZOO"^ tambuli, ^. A kind of 
chatni or sauce, prepared of 
cocoanut milk, condiments 
efc. with or without greens, 
and eaten with rice. 
J ^oeoos;^o tambulu, s. Tamil. 

;^o2o^D* tamber^, ^. A kind of 
reckoning in the game of 
yekkadi (»2%^). 

^oE3^do^ tamberuni, eee ^odeT^o^. 

:^oe3jS^, tambodi, see ^oeoy. 2. 

see siotSjaS, 
^ozSjs^ tamboli, see ^oz^o^. 
J ^ozio^ tammate, see ^oeoy. 

^odora tammana, s. Hospitality, 
entertainment ; dinner. — rf 
2o^^ a grand wedding dinner. 
— oTOili^ to give a dinner to a 
pregnant women. —-^^x^ 
to give a dinner to a wedding 

sg)^ tammanipuni, tammanyuni, 
tammanipuni (^o-^iorS, ^o-^j^), 
z'. a. To entertain a guest, 
to give a dinner. 
J^o5l)53 tammal^, ^.-'A maternal 
uncle. 2. a father-in-law./ 
3. a kind of tare growing 
among corns etc. ^orl:^^ 
a kind of tare found in 

^osjoori tammuge, see ^o^. 

^osSjcs tammena, see ^e|^^. 

c^osSoog)?^ tammepuni, see ^:Soag^. 

:^odjQ^, ^o^oD tammer\ji, tamme- 
ri, see ^^5. 

^osSo tamme 


^n^ tagga 

;^odj^o^ tammeluni, see ^^o<*;o^. 
/^od^ojj tammeiya, s. An affec- 
tionate form of addressing a 
younger brother. [rice. 

^oSjO tammge, ^. A kind of 
-^;^oL^oF^ tarntuni {^^^r^, v. n. 
To shrivel. 
^=3^sfjj takatti^, .y. A throne. 

J ;^=s^^^, a=5^3j=a takataka, takapaka, 
s. Agility in dancing, etc. 
2. bubbling in boiling, adv. 
Nimbly, briskly. 
/^=^ takka, adj. Fit, suitable, 
proper, deserving, worthy. 
—^^ fitness. —zji)t6 a proper 
word. — ?:j^ajj a good opportu- 
nity, favourable season. ^ 
's^fi suitably, properly, de- 

^=a,od takkanda, see zi^^s^oTi. 

i^,^, ;3=3\b^. takkatu, takkattu, 
adj. As much as is suitable; 
adequate, sufficient. 

^^^ takkadi, s. Large scales. 
—oDoSo one who cheats in 
weighing; a rogue. 

^=^r9, ^=^^ takkana, takkana, s. 
A small spoon. 2. a small 
kind of mat; also ^s^^dzJ^. 

-. <2^> Little. s55odoo?iclK ^^^^r© 
3i;^?3Do3o /iV. one who holds 
a spoon where (anything) 
drops, t. e. one who takes 
advantage of another's weak- 
ness, a stingy man. 

;^=^o5js^ooo7^i^ takkeyimungei, s. 
The upper arm and forearm. 

t'^jpT^ , ^=^^J3/iotakkela^u,tak- 
kelogu, see ^s^^d^Xo utider ^ 

;^=^J5,N takkona, ^^^ ^^^?^3. 
:^^^D^ takrar^, ^. Interference, 
hinderance. 2. dispute, quar- 
:^-S\^D^takrir^, s. Objection, pro- 
test. — S5^r a counter peti- 
tion. — •^j^o^c'i to object, pro- 
test, quarrel. 
;^^.^D* taksiru, ^. An offence, 

crime, fault. 
^i)j\T^^ tagadi^, s. A thin metal 
plate. —'^oT^-i pure gold. 
^ot^s^tL- a gold leaf. 
J ;^ridj tagaru, ^^^ waS. 
>^:^r(do^ tagaruni (^aS), ^'. n. To 
draw near. 
;^?i5^, ^TTsa, ^?is)d, ;^nc)5S 
tagavu, tagadi, tagade, tagavu, 
s. Dunning for payment. 2. 
peremptory demand. 
;^riosSo tagume, see o?^^. 
;^rij53 tagule j. A bug. 
^^f\ tage, s. A female's elder 
■if\-,xf , ar|^6 tageiru, tageire, ^. 
Discharge, dismissal. —-^^^^ 
^ to turn out, dismiss. 
J:^riJ30 tagori, s. The potter's 
^n^ taggu, s. Low ground, a 
dale, valley, descent, decli- 
vity, adj. Low, depressed. 
— ^^ lowliness, humility. 
^n^^^ taggavuni, <;. ^'. {of ^aj^ 


^Ti:^ tSiggvL 


aU tatti 

?i) To lower, humble. 2. to 
diminish, lessen. 3- to level 
-^ ^ris:i p tagguni (^^), ^'. n. To be 
humble, modest. 2. to in- 
cline, lean. 
-i:iA6 taggele, s. A lowly or 
humble man ; also ^'h ajrooSo. 
:i^rU^ tagmal^, s. A female 

slave, maid-servant, 
-^ri, tagme, s. A male slave, 

J ^tio^ tajanki^, s. The plant 
Cassia tora. 
tt^"^ tajapu, s. Notching, inden- 
tation. <3;^*. Indented, notch- 
ed. — sjscl:^ to cut into a 
row of teeth. 
;^2a^c^ tajapuni (^3^), v. a. To 

chop, cut in pieces. 
ii'Sit::^ tajibiji, ^. Endeavour, 
effort, exertion. 2. cogita- 
tion, reflection. — ^s;*^^^ to 
endeavour, try ; to reflect ; to 
get out of a scape by unlaw- 
ful means. 
ikffs tat^ga, s. A ladle. 
^LJ tata, s. A shore, bank. 
i^eJe^ tatak^, ^. A drop. 
\t\!y^s tatakka, see ^«j?3. 
i^eisiU tatapata, s. A slapping 
sound. 2. loquacity. 
J f^ti^ tatappa, adv, JHeavily, 
with a jerk. 2.'4uddenly. 
-aDjsTJo^ to fall heavily or 
J ^^c)c3 tatane, see ^u.c5. 

^e3^23^ :^be)2j, thu^i tatal^, ta- 
tala, tatali, see ^^^^. 

idea's ^ tatavu, s. A lake, pond. 

;^e3^e->tatila, s. A snapping noise. 

%\:f. tattiji, s. A country pony, 
a pack-horse. also — ^osl^(5. 
>/2. the forearm ; (3;to ^j^^^^^. 
adj. Serious, critical. — ^t^4 
much delay. — :^o^c^ a serious 
illness. -siwozSosarf— the stalk 
of screw pine. 

^^d?j^ tatt^vas^, see ^^'^• 

^ej, tatta, see ^w.?3. 

;^U tatta, ^^^ ^^w,- 

so " " 

/^eJ.o^^ tattanky, s. Hinderance, 

7^y,^ tattane, adv. Speedily, 
quickly. 2. suddenly, unex- 
pectedly, without premedita- 
tion, —-^-di^^^ —-^^h^ to go 
quickly or suddenly. — sir^^ 
to say instantly or without 

J;^y^^ tattappa, see ^w^. 

-/i^^l^sj^ tattavuni, c. v. (of ^wo^^) 
To cause to hit, strike. 
^^^J, ^be),?^^ tattasi, tattasu, 

see ^i 


i ;^I3 tatti, s.-' A screen or blind 
made of split bamboos, cadjan 

S palm leaves, etc. •fe. a honey- 
comb. ef)^^-dsi_ a mat made 
of split canes. ^^— a small, 
low kind of wooden trough. 
-s^jrii;^ a wicker strainer, 

sieve. —ti^7^ the wooden 

lid and the strainer of a 

^a tatti 


^d tade 

culinary vessel. — ^wo^?i to 
• put up a screen or blind as 

protection from rain. 
^li.sjooeio, tattimuttu, s. A vessel 
for distilling liquor. -^' 2. 
culinary utensils. 3. house- 
hold stuff. 

a^j, tattu, see ^0^. 

v/;^eio^ri tattuga, ^. A flat kind 

of trough for serving boiled 

■ik^d^p tattuni, see ^a^^rso^. 
;^eio,sJooyo, tattumuttu, ^.Strait, 

dilemma; c/. i^&o^^owo^. 
^^ tatte, ^^'. Empty, void 

within. — ^j'd^ good and bad 

i^JS.rso^ tattonuni v. refl. To 

{of ^w^^^), carry on the 

haunch, as natives do a child. 
ikj^_;^^ tatvasi^, s. Un evenness, 

inequality, variation, as in 

■ix^^t, tad^pe, see ^^^ 
;^C5^iJSr30^ tadi^tonuni, v. refl. (of 

^ci4?^) To quarrel or dispute 

■id tada, see ^ri^j. 
:id tada, s. Wool, fur. 2. skin 

with soft hair. 
^^^=0^ tadaki;, s. Intoxication. 
:izio^ -tadapu, see sil^. 
J^d^j^k^ tadamata, s. Fumbling. 
;^c^do tadame, s. A kind of stile 

or narrow entrance to a 


adoSo tadayi, s. A small earthen 
cup or plate. 

^Uzi tadava, see d-T^^. 

^dz^ tadavu, s. Delay, hinde- 
rance, impediment. 2. a slow- 
coach or dilatory person. 
~^t?i to get late, to be de- 
layed. —tSo^^^ to delay, 

^^ tadi, s. An inferior kind of 

• saddle. -:^i^^ to join imper- 

^^^^ tadipuni (^5), v. a. To 
quarrel, dispute, contend, 
struggle. ?:s^orfj_ to dispute, 
"^^d tade, s. Hinderance, obsta- 
cle. 2. charm for serpents. 
-^Wo^^, -aet^oi to stop the 
motion of a serpent by incan- 
tations; to obstruct, hinder. 
— ^oj^^^ to remove the charm, 
to break a spell, ^sjst^o^ to 
hinder, impede; to charm. 
^^d^D^^ tadepavuni, c.7k (of ^ 
z§^?)) To hinder, impede, ob- 
^'^dh^, azl^^tadepini, tadepuni, 
(^^, z'.a. To hold off; to 
hinder, keep back, prevent, 
stop; to oppose. 
-Z^do^ tadeppu, s. Stoppage, 
resistance. 2. anything put 
up to stop a passage. 

ecloao tadeyi, see arioso. 

J'^zlojjo^, ^d^^ tadeyuni, tade- 
vuni (^^), z'. n. To halt, stop, 
tarry. 2. to bear, endure, 


:id tade 


a a tadi 

suffer. cSd^S ^^ ^zS^iS eoo 

I can bear it no- more. 
J^d^ tadevu, ^. A halt, stopping, 

tarrying. 2. impediment, 

J;^cl4'5raoci tadevonuni, ' {of 

^zfodoo^) To bear, suffer; to be 

i;sdo^ tadpu, s. A foreign cloth. 

— t1)a a kind of loom. 


^(^o^r^ tadpuni, see ^'^^^. 
;^d tadpe, s. A sieve for cleans- 
ing grain, etc. —-^000131)^3 a 
large turban. —■^:^l^ lit. a 
sieve and a brom: a bad 
omen; a cruel woman. 
^c^p, ;^L^ n tadya, taddya, ^. A 
step, stair, ^^f^r^^ the middle 
step, ^^rtz^ the lower step, 
threshold, ^f^^^ ^^ lintel 
of a door. 

■J:i£7)rf tanasu, s. Wetness, damp- 
ness, ad/. Wet. — ^c wet 

JiscS^^ tanipuni (^^f^), v. a. To 
cool, pacify, soothe, comfort. 

^^rJoJoo^i taniyuni (^r^), v.n. To 
become cool, calm. 

-/^c^o^ tanil^, J£?6' t^?)^. 

J^rao tanu, s. Coolness, cold. 2. 
quenching, appeasement. —"^ 
^o^a to cool; appease, as 
hunger, etc. 
^s^^C9tatkshana,<:^^z'. Instantly. 
^;^on tatanga, J. Obstacle, hinder- 
ance, complication, entangle- 

^i^i^ tateilasa, s. A joyous 

^ScKp tatkala, adj. The time 
then or now. 33s^e3jsXo for 
the present, for the time 

^^ tatta, s. A shuffle, artifice; 
2. jesting, joking, a^z/. Shuffl- 
ingly. 2. jestingly. ^zj^S 
■^^^ to speak shufflingly or 

^31^^ tattara, see ^s^^-rf. 

^v|j tatti (past part, of ^55\^), 
adj. Missed, beyond reach, 
failed, -^s^odo, -sjoA^what is 
past; a lost opportunity; a 

^^ tatra, s. An umbrella. 

^;^ tatva, s. Essential nature, 
real nature of the soul. 2. 
the Supreme Being. 3. truth, 
reality, substance. 4. mind, 
intellect. 5. identity. -djseqijS 
instruction in the real nature 
of the Supreme and human 
spirit; cf :^^^. 

i>w$>p tatvadi, s. Mystical theo- 
logy, [want. 

i>3\^ tatvara, s. Destitution. 

;^ 3 e^qJF" tat vartha, s. The essen- 
tial purpose. 

i^dF^o^dtadanantara, ^^z'. After- 
wards, subsequently. 

;^ahra tadigina, s. Beating time 
in dancing to music. 2. in- 
trigue, plot. 3. upsetting, fall. 
—zjiiTki^ to dance ; to be over- 
turned. —^^0^^ to intrigue. 

;^a tadi 


^3J tappa 

^^A tadige, s. The third day 
of the lunar fortnight. 

^n^ tadd^, s. Retch, qualm. 
^^did taddu, s. An eruption or 
swelling, erysipelas. 

^dj^ tadduni (^S), v. n. To 
retch, puke, to be qualmish. 

^^ tana, An affix to form ab- 
stract nouns \ e.g. o3jz| good, 
o3ozf t-^ goodness. 2. genit. of 

Jfd-S-, t'^ti tanaki, tanikhi, ^. 
Examination, investigation, 
^^;^F^r^ tanasiji, see ^r©oJ. 

^Q^ag)^ tanipuni, see ^t^A^. 
W^^oJjo^ taniyuni, see ^r5odoj?i. 
n/^^^j tanu, ^^^^r©o. 2. the body. 

^;^fdo^o^o tanukulu, /r^;?. ^^/2. 
//^^r. of ss^. 

^;^cS tane, ^. Conceiving, breeding, 
as cattle, sheep, etc. — e?b^ 
to be conceived, -ioi^o^, — ao 
siooi to be big with young. 
^^— the incipient stage of 
being with young. 

>/^?SoJoo^ taneyuni (^^), -^'.w. Cat- 
tle or animals to be big with 
tti tapa, see ^^!3. 
.■^tii>-^ tapatapa, s. Palpitation. 

^3Jo^=5S ^3JD-5)^, ^sJcDS* tapa- 
rak^, taparake, taparat^, s. 
Slapping the cheek or temple. 

tti^ tapala, s. A spear, lance. 
J:^3id tapale, s. A large metallic 
cooking vessel, saucepan. 

i>^l^^^ tapasilia, see ^^^?^. 

i^-^Tf tapas\i, ^. Prayer, devo- 
tion, religious austerities. 
^^^ a devotee, ascetic, ^^'^e 
2oej power of devotion. 

^sj-so^ tapal^, ^^^ ^^^• 

tTS^^^ tapavatij, s. Difference, 
discrepancy. 2. cheating, de- 
ceit. 3. prevarication, equi- 
vocation, evasion. 

;^^oJoo^ tapiyuni (^^), v. n. To 
burn, be inflamed, hot. 

;^^e^(^ tapodhane, s. An ascetic. 

■it^^"^-^ taponishtha, s . The prac- 
tice of religious austerities. 

^;^^^o^ tapobala, see under ^^o^. 

^sj tapta, cLctf. Heated, inflam- 
ed, boiling, burnt. 2. affected 
with pain or grief, -^e^ 
heated body. --^^^ mind 
affected with grief. 

^S3^^ tapp^, i>ee ^^. 

^^ tappa, s. Sap; 9^. ^A ?^^- 

^^071-302)0 tappangayi, ^. Scram- 
bling for cocoanuts thrown in- 
to a crowd of people. ~CA)c^jr?i 
to gamble with cocoanuts. 

•itiji-itiTi, ^t^jit.^ tappadatap- 
pada, tappadappa, clcLv. Ucca- 
sionally, now and then, alter- 

;^3J,^d) tappadeppu, s. Conceal- 
ing one's fault. 

^^^;^j^ tappadesuni (^^^c3), 
V. a. To hide, conceal, as one's 
fault. V. n. To escape, evade. 

^3J Ori tapparige, see ^Ap-^- 




^2^ tabbi 

^^^^^ tappalipuni, see ^^^€> 

J ^53^^^ tappavuni, cz'. (o/^4s^ 
») To cause to err, evade. 
2. to extricate, disentangle, 
-^^^ tappu, s. A fault, mistake, 
error. 2. an offence, crime. 
— ;^o2ji)4^ to accuse, charge 
with a fault or crime. ~Tk>^\ 
^ to err ; to commit a crime. 
J ^^ tappu, s. A leaf, foliage. 2. 
vegetables, greens, 
^sg^do^ tappuduni (^4^^), z'. ^, 
To beat the bush in hunting. 
\^:^^^o3S^ tapputippu, see ^^3 eoji. 
J^s^c^ tappuni (^), z'. :?2. To mis- 
take, err, sin. 2. to miss, 
escape, slip. 3. to fail in an 
engagement or promise; also 
^^^qh^. o3o?^^ i^^oSImade 
a mistake; I missed, odc^ ^ 
^oS it slipped from me, or I 
have lost. 
^^Ori tapperige, see i;j^57^. 
v/^^C)oJoo^ tappoliyuni (^^^), 
^. «. To be covered with foli- 
age as a tree, to grow to leaf. 
^h^t^ tapsil^, s. An analysis, 
detail, the particulars of an 
account. ^^ ^^^^ 

^20^ tabaky, s. A salver (?/- plate, 
Ji^zo^'o^ tabakuni (^20^), v,a. To 
desire, wish, covet, v.n. To 
be allured, enticed, tempted. 
Utz^kz^ tabaty, s. Unsavouriness, 
acerbity, -ji^?, to be unsa- 

J^eoljo^ tabatuni (^soO), z'. n^To 
be unpalatable to the taste; 
V -^to remain as after-taste. 
;^20^ tabate,..y. A kind of fish. 
^EJ^ tabate, s. The name of a 
creeper. -T'jdSr the fruit of 
it, (eaten by children). 
;^2o0 tabali, see ^a^e3. 
-Z;^^ tabi, s. Flavour, taste; also 
^83. adj. Savoury, delicious. 
^:i'!^^ tabite, see ^^63. 
Mi:)^^ tabipuni (^83), 'v. a. To 
appease, as the appetite. 2. 
to smack. 3. see ^di^^. 
;^zSs3j tabime, s. A follower. 
;^E0j=3'j tabuku, ^^^ ^a:"^. 
;^Eoo=ajd^od tabukuda-mara, ^"^^ 

;^iooa^ tabudippu, see ^s^.soj 
;^2ooO taburi, .$•. A pot. r . 
^eoodj taburu, .y. A kind of red 
:^2oo0 tabuli, see ^200^ e5. 
;^20053 tabule, see ^Xod 
J^sSog)^ tabepuni (^£5), v.n. To 
long, eagerly desire. 
^sSdo^ taberuni (^£3^), z/. ^. To 

^23^ tabela, s. A stable. 
^2jp tabta, ^c^^ ^5^. 

^2^)0* tabdilyi, j. Change, alter- 
ation, variation. 

i ^A20o. tabbibbu, s. Distraction, 
confusion. 2. variation, dif- 
ference, adj. Irregular. 

. ;^2^o^ tabbil\ji, see ^^^^' 2^ see 




;^d tara 

^i^i,^ tabbila, see ^t2^. 
;s2^0 tabbili, see ^aoj^eS. 

J^^^^ tabbuni (^^), ^'. ^ To 
feel, grope. 

idi^x^z^x tabbudibbu, see ^sS^^oo^- 

^;^EOA0 tabbuli, s. An orphan. 
adj. Low, vulgar. 2. weak, 
infirm. 3. cowardly, timid. 
;^^o tama, s. Darkness. 2. mental 
darkness, ignorance. 3. world- 
ly delusion. 
^sjj=^ tamake, s. Leisure, respite, 
opportunity. J 2. delay, pro- 
crastination. — ^jsbr^, —De^^oi, 
^o:;dt^^ to delay, put off, 

•X^SjO^ tamate, s. A tambour. 
2. a little drum. 
i^^j^ojjj?^ tamaniyuni, ^^^ '^o^o 

^^sjoo^, :^5JoO tamar^, tamara, s. 

;^s^jD^, ^sjjO, ^sJo6 tamarijL, ta- 

mari, tamare, see ^^B. 
^sjj?:/ tamas^, ^^^ ^^. 

^s^j?)sl:^, ^sJj5)5Joo tamam^, ta- 
mamu, s. The whole. ^^'. All. 

:^5j3?)^, :^sJJ5)?o tamase, tamase, s. 
A show, fun, sport, amuse- 
ment. — 7^t5 a pantomime, 
one fond of show or amuse- 
ments; a w^g. — sjt)iTij^ to 
crack j okes, — ■rfj^A^ to make 
fun. |-^^o5. 

•^ ^^JD^ tamir^, ^r-A gimlet. 2. ^^^ 

-iidjo"^*, ;^sl)0^j tamul^, tamulu, 
.y. Tamil. 

^sJoJ5?o^ tamusaki^, ^. A bond. 
^do^^ tamepuni (!^^), v. a. To 

pour, spill. 2. to cast into a 

^^35o^ tamepeli^, s. Effusion, 

i^^oo^j^ tameyuni, see ^^e;j^. 
;^55oD^ tamerijL, ^. One who gives 

a bride away in marriage; a 

;^^oQOJjo^ tamer iyuni (^^5), 

e/. :;2. To extricate, disen- 
tangle, save. 
^s^oOo^ tameruni, see ^d^o^ 

^s3j^o^, ^^0^^ tameluni, tame- 
vuni, 7'. :?2. To overflow, run 
over or out. 2. to menstru- 

^sSjs^ricrs tamoguna, ^. The 
quality of darkness; igno- 
rance; passionate or angry 
disposition; cf. ^^o. 

;^o:^Oo3)c^ tayapuni, see ^3^^^. 

^o3j3D^ tayary, s. Preparation, 
readiness, ad/. Ready. — ^ 
h^ to become ready. — a?b^ 
to keep ready, -^^o^^ to 
prepare, make ready. 

^o5o tayi, see ^l^. 

^oSj^ tayila, see ^j^^. 

^oSoO tayili, see ^^e. 

od tara, ^. Kind, sort, class, 
grade. 2. manner, mode. 3. 
a line, row, range. — ^^ 
variety ; variegation ; gra- 
dation, order, method, ^^.^^o 
^^ a good match. 

16 tara 


:i6 tare 

^do=5*, aC^on^ taranku, tarang^, 
see T^oK. 

^jjolij^ tarantuni, see ^okior^. 

:^d^ tarakii, see ^^^. 

^c3=cc)D tarakari, s. Vegetables 
in general. 

;^d^jsr9j^ tarakonuni (^i^^jsf^), 
7;. ;-^. To receive, accept. 2. 
to hear, listen, mind, 
v/ ^d:3^ taradu, see ^Sr. 

^drs tarana, s. Fording, cross- 
ing, passing over. 

^d^sjJo taratamya, see ^-d^-^o. 

;^d^, taratra, see ^t5^. 

^dog) tarapu, ^. A side, party. 
2. care, custody. adv. To- 
J. ^6"^^ tarapuni (^'^), v, a. To 
rivet, fasten firmly, v. n. To 
be riveted, fixed. 

:^c^^^ tarapoli, see ;^i^^^. 

;^C523^3% ;^d25^v^ tarabety, tara- 
beti, s. Training, education. 
— ^^^^ to train, instruct. 

^dSTS^ taravali, see ;^os^9. 

;^d?o* taras^, see 3^!3. 
>i^d^ tarale, ^. Slander, calum- 
ny. 2. backbiting, tale- 
bearing, -d a^a^ a mischiev- 
ous backbiter, -t^t? a sland- 
erer, talebearer, -zir^^ to 
slander, backbite. 

^De)o^d tarantara, see ^^o^. 

^D'S^C; taratara, s. Variety in 
goods. 2. distinction of rank, 
efc; cf. 3^. 

^Oe)^j'o taraturi, s. Haste, speed. 

^DDZo^, :^Da)d^ tarabali, taravali, 
s. Kind, species; variety, 
diversity, adj. Various, di- 

J^D^^ taripuni (^Q), v. a. To 
lop off, as the superfluous 
branches of a tree; to clear, 
as a jungle. 

-i^DoJjj^) tariyuni (^5), v. n. To 
stay, stop, tarry, delay. 

4i>6^ taru, s. A small kind of fish; 
any little fish. — eoo^r, _20j 
■rfod a swamp with such fishes. 
_20js;^oso a small kind of 
^djozoo tarumbu, ^. A bunch of 

^djrJ taruni, s. A girl, young 
woman. 2. a wife. fman 
^docl tarune, s. A youth, young 
^do^ taruva, ^^^ £^^^. 

^ ^d tare, ^. ^he head, top. 2. the 
hair of the head. 3. gener- 
ation. —5 ^S frpm generation 
to generation. _ Bir?yD5 .sjS^ 
upside down, topsyturvy, head- 
long. — ^r®^ poll-tax. — 5^5 a 
head-load. —2007^^ head-orna- 
ments. —sSefS headache. —^^^'^ 
to behead, decapitate; toinjure, 
ruin. — ^e32j^ to leave the 
head bare. — ^ja^r^ lit. to 
offer the head ; to undertake, 
engage in; to submit; to take 
the risk. --7\5ajjo^, — BcXor^ 
to be giddy, confused; to be 
tipsy ; to become proud. -^ 
s:»tl)c?) to impute, attribute. 

^6 tare 


s'iJ^F tarko 

_3:3cdo?) ///. the head to shake ; 
to be improved in one's cir- 
cumstances; to gain power. 
_20Ai) 4^> to bow the head ; 


to humiliate; to be modest, 
polite. -20A0 ?) the head to be 
bowed down ; to be ashamed ; 
to be humiliated. ~2:>zioF^ to 
comb the hair. — "siioa^^i to 
introvert the tuft-knot. -^ 

\ ^3^4^ to thrive, prosper. —"^ 
c^^^ the head to ache. o3oo^ 
^■8 o£j^ /^V, I have no head; 
I have a severe headache. 

:i6^ taretra, s. A turban, head- 

^6^^o^ tareniri^i, s. Spring or 
fountain on the top of a hill, 
irrigating the land below. 2. 
amniotic fluid or fruitwater. 
— rfDcdoo^ the amnios to burst 
or break. 

i^6o3)cJ tarepuni (^^), v. a. To 
grind, rub. 2. to try, assay 
i>tt^^ tarebile, s. Exorbitant 

^ price, overcharge. 2. the 
price fetched by the first sale 
of goods. 
^ddocd taremande, s. The skull. 
_c^e„?)Fr©Jr'i to quarrel; to break 
one's head over a business. 
^dsJooD taremuri, s. Determina- 
tion, resolution. — rirl ^ to say 
definitely, decisively ; to make 
known one's resolution. 

i;^6oj,o^ tareyuni (^^), v. n. To 
be rubbed off; to abrade; 

wear away, to become thin, 

:^6o^ tarely, adj. Worn out. 
— =5^^„ a blunt or worn out 
-J;^6sJ^ tarevuni, see ^^orfjo^. 

tts^^ taroli, s. A kind of 
creeper ; also ^^^— . 2. the tree 
Rhymchoglossiun obliq.^ the 
leaves of which are used for 
cleansing the head in bathing. 
oSo^r— a larger species of 
the same. 3. a milky plant, 

i>ts^^^ tarolu, s. A kind of tree 
the leaves of which are used 
by toddy-drawers to rub the 
horn of palm trees, djs^o — 
a white species of the same. 

■^tS)^i>t tarotara, see ^■^^. 

^d tarra, see ?i^. 
V;3tS^f tarka, ^. Dispute, discussion, 
reasoning. 2. logic. — crooSo 
a disputant, sophist. — ^^^, 
-3^^. the science of logic. 
-■do^o^^ to dispute, discuss, 

^^r3,, :^=3^ri„ tarka tti, tarka tte, 
s. The curved knife of a toddy- 

J^'s'jsrrso^ tarkonuni (^^^j^^rf^), 
v. a. To hold up in one's arms, 
as a sick person; c/. ^li^jsreo^. 
-/;3=^ji^c3*, 3=^Js^r^o tarkolu, tar- 
kolu, ^.-''A key. 2. a mid- 
wife. 3. assisting a woman in 
labour. — ^o«.^o^^ to assist a 
woman in labour. 

^7^F targa 


^^3 tale 

^r(ro^ targayi, see aafoso, 
'&f{Ji)Fd targode, s. Leanness, 

thinness. 2. a lean man. 
^ZoFdo, ^z^:iF^o tarjime, tarju- 
me, s. Translation, —-^^o.^ 
to translate, interpret. 
-/ 3Z^r tardi^, s. The testicles. 
^sjrrs tarpana, s. Satisfaction. 
2. a religious rite, present- 
ing water to the manes of the 
deceased or to the gods. 
-^jsEir^ to present such water ; 
to satisfy, please. 
<:i^j^rz^p^ ;^^FdOc^ tarpavuni, 
tarpuduni, c. v. (of ^4^^^) To 
cause to bring, send for. 2. 
to get, obtain. 
-^ ;^^r^ tarpuni (^S), v. a. ^To 
^^ rivet, fix firmly. ^ to depress, 
humble, v. n.^^To be riveted. 
2i4o be depressed. 
^sSorrs tarmena, see J^^^^?^. 
^^F tarva, see ^tS,. ^^^^^^ 

.. ;^s3fo^ tarvel^, s. Holding up in 

^^F tarle, see ^^s?. 
j;^^ tala, see-^^'^ & ^rf^. 

^^oioo talambu, s. The sun- 
hemp, Crotalaria juncea. 

^^=^ talake, ^. A slip or lath of 
a bamboo. "^^^ the bone bet- 
ween the wrist and elbow. 

^^rio^ talag:ullfe, see Xja^. 

^^^c^ talapuni {^^), v. n. To 
arrive, reach; cf. ^^^^. 

^e;20j, :s^s3) talabu, talavu, ^. 
Pay, wages. 2. a tribute in 
a game of cards. 

;^^c^ talara, s. A kind of whit- 
low between the toes. 

:^^?oj^) talasuni, see ^^^t^^^^ 
under ^£J;)oj. 

:^o^o^d, :^e;-so^ talantara, ta- 
lantra, s. A generation; an 
age ; cf. ?^ «oto;^. 

'i^ii^ talavu, s. A large tank. 

^^'^Ti^ talasi^, s. Inquiry, search. 

2. procuring, providing —-^ 

^o^^^) to search ; to procure. 

■i;^©^ talipu, ^. Sprinkling. 2. 

see ^€>4. 

i^O^^ talipuni (^eS), v. a. To 

-/^s;o talu, adj. Thrashed, beaten. 

-22j^ thrashed straw. 
^^o=^o3J^^ talukupadika, ^. A 


7^03 tale, ^. A rop, for climbing 
palm trees. ^^- the hand- 
rope, ^3^- the foot rope, 
—■isddo^ the whole apparatus 
of a toddy drawer. 

^^o2oo talembu, i". A pillow. 

;^s3^^D*' taleniry, ^^^ ^^^e5, 

^^tJ^, talepatta, ^9. A head-orna- 
ment of a devil-dancer. 

t^^"^ talepu, s. Interruption, 
4ti>'^'^ talepuni (^«3), v. a. To 
interrupt, hinder, stop, detain, 

^dsJorJ talemani, s. A head 
ornament worn by a devil- 
dancer. —^^^'6::>'^ a tasselled 
headband of a demon-priest. 

^6 tale 


^^ tala 

^d^od talemara, s. The frame 
of a thrashing stool. 

:io,^ talkatti, see ^^fB. 

^^^ talku, s. An ambush. 

;^^j,?i talkuni, ^^^ ^<yo^. 

^^0 ^ talpuni (^^), -t'. ^. To 
drop. 2. to knock, shake off, 
as fruit from a tree. 3. to 
thrash, as paddy, ^e;^^ s^j^oS 
a thrashing ox. 
s/^d?^ talmena, s. Refreshment, 
revival, relief. adj. Cool, 
cold, refreshing, bracing, -o;^^ 
^ a cool breeze. 
i;^^r3 tallana, adj. Wavering, 



^0 talli, ^. A kind of cucumber 
■i ^^0 ^ talluni (^^), ^':^.-^To pene- 
trate, push in, press through. 
2. to hide, conceal. 

^6 talle, see ^%, qi^, ^$,. -^^^ 
^0?) to be proud, arrogant. 

^6 h6 tallepille, see ^o-^ho^. 


;^2;"3D^ talvari^, ^. A scimitar. 
-i^dd tavara, ^. Tin. 
^S3^0uO tavayi, .y. Delay, deten- 
tion. 2. halting in a journey. 
-^^^^ to halt, stop, delay. 
^^- tavu-, see under s^. 
^^0=3^0 tavunku, i". Agitation. 
asji^s'ods^od tavukuda-mara, s. A 
kind of fruit tree. ^4^rf 
^o5r its fruit. 
:^s§(^o tavudu, ^^<? #9rfo. 
i^ ^s^^ tavute, see ^^. 
-^sgdoci tavuruni (^4^), z/. ^. To 

cut away any leaves or brush- 
wood, to clear a bush. 

^?TOd tasara, see ^Ti^-d. 

:ik'!^ tasibi, see ^^. 

^rf_2i ^?^d task^, taskara, s. A 
trick, wile, pretext. 2. a mis- 
take, error. 

:^7ip^ taskari^, s. Theft, robbery; 
also ^Ti^-d^^. 

:i7i6 taskare, s. A thief, robber. 

^?o^, ;^?do5j tast^, tastu, ^. A 
basin, broad mouthed vessel. 

^^^S ^^'^, ^2^^^^, ^2^7H 
tastiki^, tastig^, tastikiji, tas- 
tige, s. A government allow- 
ance for a temple. 

^^, ;^Ao taspi, tasbi, s. The 
rosary of Mohammedans. 

;^3d, ;^^^ taha, taha, ^. Consent, 
agreement. 2. a contract; 
also ^5o^?:3^o. — •;:5o<^o^^ to 
agree; to contract. 

:i^i>^^^ tahasil^, s. Collection 
of revenue. — ctotS the revenue 
officer of a taluk, a tahsildar. 
^so&?e5^ the post of a tahsil- 
J;^^ tala, .y. ^ow ground, base, 
bottom. 2. see ^^. — eAndo^ 
to find out a place for a 
building. -^yo^^ to lay a 
foundation. — ^^oi to lie 
flat on the ground; to be 
in a great calamity; to be 

;^^;^o^, talatantra, s. Ruin, 
desolation, destruction. 

^^ tala 


3"3o^ tante 

-1;^^^^ talatala, s. Glitter, lustre. 
-^o^Jo^ to glitter, flash, 

^^sjej, ;^^3:!l/^ talapata, talapat- 
t^, s. Ruin; c/. ^^^o^. adj. 
Vacant, empty, deserted, 
waste. —sSa^d^^ to devastate, 
J^^si^ talapala, see ei^ei^. 

^^z^^, ;^^s^j^ talabala, talamala, 
s. Alarm, agitation. 2. ex- 
haustion, weariness. 
J ^•^53^)6 talavare, s. A village 

^S'eJo^d talantara, see 76^0^. 

^^e)d talara, s. A sore in the toes. 

^^^^ talipuni, see ^eS^^. 
i^^D' talir^, .y. A sprout, bud, 
shoot. ~tf6 a tender leaf. 

;^^o talu, ^^£? ^'^. 

^^^^ talepuni, ^^^ ^e5^^, ^cj^^. 

;s^o^c^ talpuni, ^^^ ^ejj^^. 

^^j^ talmena, see ^e3^^. 
-1 ^^ talli, i'.- Slander, calumny, 
defamation. 2.-intercourse, 
interference, association. 3. 
see ^^. adj. Slanderous. 
2. anonymous. — «925r an ano- 
nymous petition. 
-i;^^j,?i talluni, see ^oj ^. 

;^|^ talle, ^. A heap. 2. plunder. 
-^^^, 5<?£J ^of3Sbo?3. 

3e)o=3*r3 tankana, ^. Fosterage, 
fostering. — rfo^ a foster 
father. —^A^ a foster mother. 
-3$ cc5oe3 a foster child. 

S'^o^e);^^ tanklvuni, c. v. {of 
©30^0^) To cause to nurse. 
2. to cause to give {said by 

j3e)o=^Jc^ tankuni (3^0^), v. a. To 
take care of, nourish, bring 
up, foster, nurse, feed; shel- 
ter. 2. to give {said by Pa- 

-i3j)o/^tang^, s. A support, prop. 
—€jiihF^, — 3j^t1)^ to prop, sup- 
port, provide with support. 
~t-^F€ supporting by holding 
up in arms. 

'©■sorio^i tanguni {^oK)^ v. a. To 
assist, help. 2. to prop, sup- 
port, sustain. 

'3-5)o7^JS^^^ tangolipuni (s^o?^ 

^9), v.a. To support. 
35)o2CJ^ tannuni, see sdoXj^. 
^■soe^ tanca, see Tifeosi. 
3^ot-5e)5S^ tancavuni, see sso&s 

^35)02:^0^ tancuni, ^^6^ ^cwo^. 

31)0^^ ^J3^o^ tant^mont^, adj. 
Crooked, bent. 2. vain, useless. 
s. Debris, fragments. 

«/3c)o^«)5S^ tantavuni, c. v. {of 
s^owj^) To make touch, to 
bring into collision or con- 
tact. 2. to set one person 
against another. 

J 3e)oUo^ tantuni (s^oCi), v. n. To 
touch, hit, come into collision 
or contact with. 2. to quar- 
rel, fight. 
3Do^ tant^, adj. Lean, thin, 
slender. -^5 lean slender 

3e)od^ tande 


Se):^ tata 

legs. — "^js^oss a cripple, a 
decrepit person. — ^jaoeoo a 
slender horn. 

3i)od^6 tandele, see ^o-d6. 

3^o^ofl tantanne, s. A glutton. 

3-5)0 v^=^ tantrike, ^^^ ^o^J- 

;^a)o2oe3, 3^020^ tambati, tam- 
bate, i"^^ eSoeD&S. 
/ Se)oW3ra tambana, ^. A metallic 
dish ^;' tray. 

3c)oE0J3^ tambula, ^. Betel leaf 
and areca nut, — si^rc® chew- 
ing betel. 

a^otsi tambra, ^. Copper, ady. 
Copper-coloured. — rf slosoj a 
copper-pot. — rf ^a5 a cop- 
per plate. -2^76^, —^oz^-6 calx 
or oxide of copper. 

3c)=^^s^od takatemara, s. The 
tree Morinda citrifolia. 

^-^^"^ takika, ^. True report, 
correct information. 

3e)-S-3^, 3c)i§-33^, 3i)^a taklt^, ta- 

kid^ji, takidi, s. An order, 
command, injunction. — ^ja 
^F^, _^os;<c^^ to order, direct. 
3i)=3*oiJ3^=^o, 3^=5^0 c3j3^ =3^0 takuto- 
ku, takudoku, ^. Responsi- 
bility; risk, liability, adj. 
Responsible; liable. 

J3i5=g*o^ takuni (^^), "o.n. To 
hit, touch; ^. sdao^. 
3^r1 taga, ^^^'. Pointedly, direct- 
ly; explicitly. — x;?^^ to say 
directly, refer pointedly. 

J i^^n-^sg^ tagavuni, c v. {of ^Xo 
oi) To cause to touch, make 

hit. SjSodo^ SjodorK- to set 
one against another. 

\ 3e)7io^ taguni (®^?^), 77. a. To 
touch, hit, come in collision 
or contact with. v. ft. To be 
impressed, sensible. e?odoF; 
2joa?J4 s^KoS he was impress- 
ed by what was said. 

Jsrss^o^ tacuni (^sS"), 'v. n. To 
come in collision. 
^■323^ taja, ^^'. Fresh, new ; ge- 
nuine. 2. fair, correct. ^^roSo 
no fa bene, a postscript. -^S a 
fair copy, -^rfjs^ a genuine 
s-5)e2^^ tajip^, ^^^ Marvellous. 

3^eJo=3^ tatanka, j-. An ear-orna- 

^M^ tataki, ^. A female giant. 
2. a quarrelsome woman. 

3c)e3 tati, j-. Clapping the hands; 
applause, -dj^yj^^ to clap 
the hands; to applaud. 

■m^ tate, s. A kind of fish. 

3"3J^^ tadane, j*. Beating, whip- 
3e)^ tadi, see tj^a. 
''3e)t^o tadu, ^. Goring ; also ssz^^y. 
vs^^^o^ taduni (s^S), z/. ^. To 
gore with the horns ; to butt. 
4^i>d^^ tadel^i, s. The act of 
goring or butting. 
3i)r3 tana, s. A place ; cf. ?33 j^. 

-r^-k, ~T^ ^^zi5 a lampstand. 
3e);^oao, 38)3^030 tatayi, tatayi, 
^. Caraway seed, Curum 
carui\ cf. ^?-ddS. 


3e)3 tati 


3e)d tara 

3e)sB tati, s. A kind of ornament; 

also ssB^rS. 2. see ©s&o. 
3c)^oD taturi, ^. Eloquence, 

ability, cleverness; cf. e^s;^ 

ocioF. 2. love, affection; 9^. 

S3 ;^ odor. 
Js^i tate, ^.^A grand-father. 2. 

3e)|^o±)r, s^l^d^ tatparya, ^. 

Sentiment, opinion, notion. 

2. love, affection. 3. purport, 

meaning. 4. object, intent, 

design, purpose. — xi^^^ to 

tell one's opinion. — ae^o> to 

care, favour. 
3D^?)^ tatsara, s. Slight, dis- 

respect, contempt. 
3i>^ tadi, ^^^ ?fea. [goods. 

3-s^^ tanijL, ^. A web of piece- 
Js?)^^ tln^,pron. Self, one's self. 
3^?^ tana, ^^^ ^^• 
3-5^=§ tanike, ^^^ ^^=^. 
3^3j tapa, s. Heat, burning. 

2. fever, inflammation. 3. an- 
guish, distress. 
3D^t, 3D3Jo,oJotapatra,tapatra- 

ya, s. Grief, distress, trial, 

^-^h tapi, s. A trowel. 
3^^^^ tapipuni (s^^), ^. «. To 

burn. 2. ^^^ ;ds b^?). 
3^3$ tapu, J. A watchman's 

stand in a field. 2. an ambush. 
arc)WJ^o tabulu, ^. A tinsel, brass 

leaf. 2. the cuts, as of a 

precious stone. 
2r320J?)^o tabutu, s. The cage 

made of paper and tinsel by 

Mussalmans at the Moharam. 
3c)Sotabe, s. Control. 2. charge, 

care. S)?j s^eSS cro'^^ he is in 

your charge. 
3c)sdo=5"£)OSo tamakayi, see ^^^. 
Se)dor5 tamani, see ^e3^f^. 
3Ddoo5o tamayi, see ^^oso. 
J3e)^od tamare, jt. The lotus 

flower, NymphcBa pubescens ; 

also sd^jt549. ~^t^ the seed 

of a lotus. — sioS the stalk 
of a lotus. 
3e)^o66J3^r{ tamareroga, ^. A 

wasting disease of children. 

2. green sickness. 

S'sdo?^ tamasa, s. Laziness, in- 
dolence. 2. delay, procrasti- 
nation. 3. anger, passion. 
-oDoSo, sD^oAj a sluggard; a 
passionate man. 

S"?)^^ tamisra, ^. Great dark- 
ness. — ^f>^ the dark half of 
the lunar month. 

3"3^j tam^, see 7^-^- 

3^doD^ tameryi, see ^^B. 

3i)^x tamra, see gsoeO). 
J 3c) 030 tayi, s. Mother. 

3^o5or(o2l tayigande, s. A rogue, 
cheat, scoundrel, odsc. 

35)03oz3^D* tayiber^, ^. The prin- 
cipal root of a tree, taproot. 

3^0^ tar^, s. A rivulet. 2. tar. 
J3c)d tara, s. A star. 2: two pie. 

3. crossing, passing over. 
3c)0r3 tarana, s. The eighteenth 

year of the Hindu cycle. 2. 

3^d tara 


3'z>^'i) tala 

the act of crossing. 3. perse- 
cution. 4. a raft, float. 
3Dd^^o^ taratamya, s. Rank, 
state, condition. 2. distinc- 
tion, discrimination. 
1 3c)D«)03o tarayi, s. A cocoanut. 
—d> Shy, _rf eoo-dozl the shell of 
a cocoanut. -do^d^ a large 
cocoanut. ^jae^)- a small hard 
cocoanut. ^^4^- a cocoanut 
of the (Laccadive) isles, -^o 
zS_, ^^^ :^orf^. _=3'Wo^^ to play 
with cocoanuts by knocking 
one against the other, the 
person who breaks the co- 
coanut of the other gains it. 
3DTJz)^^ taravuni, c.v. (o/^^^^) 
To drive in. 2. to immerse. 
J 3e)D tari, s. The palmyra, Bo- 
rassus flabelliformis, — ^oz§ 
the bulb of a fragrant grass, 
Cyperus rotundus. —"^ ^^ 
palmyra toddy. -^ ^02§s5 a 
vessel for palm-wine. — aosSf 
a kind of sparrow, building 
its pendent nest on a palm 
tree, -^^o^ a kind of grass, 
Cyperus hexastachyus. —t^o^F 
the fruit of the palmyra tree. 
—rf de; jaggory made from 
palm juice, —-^"d^ a poison- 
ous snake. — ^ ^:Sjsa the 
midrib of a palm-leaf. 
3c)0r$ tarini, s. A goddess pe- 
culiar to the Jains. 
3^0^^, 3^a^=3^o tariki^, tariku, 
^. A date, day of the month. 
35)D^o3) taripu, s. Praise, com- 

mendation. 2. novelty, rarity. 
_-^3<^o.?i to commend, praise. 
3«)dorao tarunyav^. Youth, man- 
J3e)c5o^ taruni (^^), i'. n. To 
sink in, plunge. ^B— feet to 
sink, as in mire. 
/3c)do^J3D^ tarumar^, s. Con- 
fusion, disorder. ~^h^ to 
become confused. 
JV^d tare, ^. The cocoanut palm, 
Cocos nucifera. ao2§ _ a short 
cocoanut palm. aS?— , a?;^cd- a 
species from the (Laccadive) 
isles, bearing small cocoa- 
nuts, "rfo^— a species, bear- 
ing large cocoanuts. —^ ^ja 
^„^>^ the stalk or midrib of a 
cocoanut leaf. 
3^6js^ taroli, see ^js^. 
3e)=^rcl tarkane, s. Substantia- 
tion, proof, demonstration. 
2. apparition. — ^jsLr^, —-^ 
•^Ov^ to substantiate. 
-^^xsT^ tarkike, s. A sophist, 
Vs'S'^JSr^ tarkoli^, see si^jsr^. 
^•ssJsrarD^ tarmar^, ^^^ ^ijotSjsiS. 
3^^ tala, ^. The metallic lid of 
a cooking utensil. "^^Jsee ^'^. 
3c)e;oriatalangadi, 5-. The \^ooden 
peg by which a water-lift is 
fastened to the stem. 
3^^s^o talavya, s. A palatal 

letter, gram. 
3^o^c=^ talanke, s. A name of 


3^€ tali 


^oAS) tingo 

J 3ft)© ta'i, s^The marriage badge, 
worn by a female. 2. a metal 
tumbler or small pot. 3. a 
kind of grass, -^yj^^ to tie 
the marriage badge to the 
neck. -^^ a kind of climb- 
ing shrub. 
3i)0o3j taliye, see ^^^. 

3^0^sjjj talimu, s. Gymnastics, 

athletic exercise. — t^jszoo^^ to 

practise gymnastics. 
31)^0 talu, s. The throat. 2. the 

Sc)e;o=5^o taluku, s. The division 

of a district. 
s/ 3e)^o^ taluni (^^), t'. /2. To fall 

off, drop down; c/. ^^o^. 
Sc)d tale, ^^^ ^^e3o. 
3e)^o^^ talpuni, see ^e;o^^. 

S'se^^joc^o talyatundu, s. A 
special cloth worn only by 

SD^^si^ talyapatt^, s. A cob- 

3i)^^^0 talyapuri, ^. A spider. 
s/^^6^ talye, s. A weaver. 2. a 

3^sje3 tavaji, ^. A metallic tube 
for keeping an amulet, money, 

3z)^6 tavare, see 3»^^. 2. see 


3e)S2) tavu, 5. A sheet' of paper. 
J 2. death; c/. t^^. 3. place, 
3c)3i tasha, s. A kind of drum. 
3£)r5* tasiji, s. An hour. 
3c)?aO^ tasayi, ^^^ sssaoso. 

3e)?oo3o tasaye, ^^6' rro^joSo. 

3^a)eo"3d tasildare, i"^^ ^so^?^ 

isD'^ under ^so^e^. 
3D?o tase, i"^^ ®s^. 
3e);^0o tasemi, ^^^ to?3<so. 
3e)So taha, ^^^ ^3o. 
J 3D^ tala, .y.^A cymbal. 2. tune, 
beating time in music, -"^e^ 
music and play. -^sSjaWo^^ to 
beat time. 
■i-iae)^ tali, see^^^. 2^ see sae. 
-A3?)^j^ taluni (s^f), ?:/.«. To 
bear, endure, suffer, forbear, 
have patience. 
Jge)^ tale, see sd^. 
43e)s?, talme, ^. Patience, forbear- 
ance. 2. endurance. 
3o-S- tinki, ^^^ ^oTn. 

30-S-D, vBo^D tinkiri, tinkeri, .y. 
A very small piece or strip 
of anything, adj. Thin, fine, 

3o=^ tinke, ^^^ ^^f. 

vlo^ tinkri, ^^^ Seo-^b. 

»Sor(Q3)D tingapuri, s. A larva, 

sSo/iWejd tingabare, see -iOoXero-^, 

^oM tingara, s. Ornament, de- 
coration. 2. see hoX-d. 

3oA tingi, ^. Poison. -"^^4^ 
lit. to mix poison; to foment 
a quarrel. — stotI)^ to poison; 
to taint. 

3oriJScl tingode, s. The first 
day of a solar month, which 
is considered unlucky. 

SoASi ting-o 


3^-3, tikka 

J aoT^JS^o tingolu, s. The moon. 
2. a month. ^Sao April. ^^^^ 
May. m)^^6 June. ^^ July. 
?3j3?r© August. ^^0 or v^^fq 
September. ^jso^6 or ^^ 
October. &ii)^r November. 
33u3j2f December. 403ooi6 
January. ^j?)O30 February. 
T^t\ March. —A"^ a kind of 


large worm, —si eSja-^o^ moon- 
light, moon-shine, -rf ?:io2os;^ 
monthly pay <?;' salary. 

3or3 tinna, .y. Repetition. 

^lodd tindada, ^. A rag. 

^^qT^\^ tindruni (^o^))' ^- ^- "^^ 
eat all, guzzle; 9^. S^^. 

3o2*i^ timbat^, ^4/'. Worthless. 

3o2o^, timbatte, ^. A vagabond, 

worthless man. 
3 020 6 timbare, see iosoT?. 
3oeoo^o timbulu, ^- A thimble. 
>/3o22^ timbele, ^. A glutton. 
3oA^rz3^ tirng^di^, ^^^/ /^^/. 

[of ^oAOF^j Having turned. 

^^z^. Again, once more. — ^e 

S^^ to return, go back, go 

again. —"i^hF^ to come again ; 

to return from a walk, -eo^-do^ 

to be upset, overturned; to 

rebel, revolt. 
^3or(Ffl tirngane, s. A pivot, 

hinge, swivel. 2. a screw. 
J^orlr^ooorir tirngamurnga, adv. 

topsy-turvy, pell-mell. 
-l3on«)rl^ tirngata, s. Excursion, 

walk, roaming. 2. turning, 


^vIo/Tsr;^^ tirngavuni, c. v. (of 
^OAOF^) To turn, whirl, make 
return. 2. to change, convert, 
gain over, -^^j^o^^— to break 
a promise; to deny. ■s:5o^oJ— 
to change the mind, ^tx^ 
to gain over a witness. 

3or1orc5'5)o3j, 3orir^ tirngunaye, 
tirngele, s. A rover, vagabond. 
2. a backslider, unsteady man. 

^vIorloF^ tirnguni (^of.F'^^ v. n. 
To turn, revert, revolve, 
whirl, turn back. 2. to shift, 
as the wind. 3. to move, 
wander, travel about. ^^- 
to be giddy; to become proud. 
^o-Rf-Q ^^h^ to go for a walk, 
take a walk; cf. BoKfB. 
vBokJor^ tirntuni, see ^^o'^^. 
^Q'C^'F tirmbi, s. A kind of fern; 

also ^o8!)r7Joa 
vB^c)rJ tikani, see s^Fs. 

s/Bu^ tikk^, s. ^'tentanglement, 
intricacy, perplexity. 2/dif- 
ficulty, distress, trouble, ^.see 
feJ-S-^. _=5yo^^ to get entangled. 
^20j3^o^ to be entangled. 

/l=^^^> tikkatt^, s. A labyrinth, 
maze, intricacy. 

^^=^^0^ tikkatuni (^^e^), 'v. n. 

To be matted, as hair. 2. to 

be entangled; to be intricate. 

3=^d tikkale, adj. Short and 


/l^sjc^ tikkavuni, c. v. {of ^^^.. 
oi) To ensnare, entangle. 2. 
to fix. 3. to button. 

vl=S^«j, tikku 


via tidi 

^ ^^^P tikkuni (^^a), v.a.^To 

J rub, brush, polish, v. n.^To 

be ensnared, caught. 2/to 

be seized, apprehended. c.daL 

To find, get, obtain. 

vB^aJS)^ tikkote, see <S^jsr63. 

^n^i tig^te, s. A split, splinter, 
slip, piece, -^^o^^ to split, 
divide, saw. 

3r;^^^ tigi^puni, see S?\4^. 

vBti^c^j^ tig^^runi, see ^AO-dj^. 

vBri tiga, ^. A beehive. 2. honey. 
-^ t^e3o^ bees. -^ ^&3„ -^ 
3^^ a honeycomb. -^ ^oaon 
honey. -^ ^raorfj?^ bees' wax. 
~^ ^j32io&3 a small kind of 
Jvlria tigadi, ^. The Indian jalap, 
Ipomxa turpethum. 

hT\^'CjT\^ tigadibigadi, s. Con- 
fusion, tumult. 

3r{|, ^t\^ tigate, tigatti, see 

^r{6 tigale, ^. The breast, chest, 
heart. 2. courage. ^aoS a 
giant; a big, lazy fellow; a 
desparado. ~d ajsosB, _ci XjstI), 
-rf ^a^ the hollow of the 
breast; bravery. -def5 pain 
in the chest. ~^ u;d4 anger, 
wrath. ^??jabr^ to brave 
encounter with courage; to 
be bold. -S o??b^ to give in 
charge; to hold responsible. 
-^Csj?i the heart to palpitate. 
-Nj^r^ the heart to break; 
to labour hard. —E z^ji^iio^ to 

have charge. —Tidrid^^ to suf- 
fer from heart-burn. 
3Al tigite, see BKi. 

-'ahog)^, vBrio^^ tigipuni, tigu- 
puni (^'^, ^K), z'. <^. To split, 
slit, cut, saw, tear. 
^sBriodot^, vBriOj^, .Brio s;o^ tiguru- 
ni, tigruni, tiguluni (Saj5, 
^5j)i ^- ^. To sprout, shoot, 
germinate, ^.to split. 

3r^ tigte, ^^^ ^K<f. 

3e3 titti, .y. White spots on 
leaves; c/. sl&s^. 

vB^, titte, see aSa . 

vl^.^rv) tittesi, j". Interference, 
intermeddling. 2. annoyance, 
trouble; also zi^^^^. 
JvBcl tine, ^. A small open ve- 

3vB titi, see ^ B. 

vB^jjO tittiri, ^. Playing upon a 
pipe, ^/^. 2. a top. 3. a 
partridge, -^aio^^ to play at 

vB3^Dt:)3^D tittiribittiri, ^. An 
unfair dealing. 
^^^ tlthi, J. -A lunar day. 2. 
the annual ceremony per- 
formed to one's deceased an- 
VoC3^, vBa tidiji, tidi, adj. Small. 

3ci*^o^d tid^nkara, s. Sitting on 
the feet, -^o^o^^ to sit on 
the feet. 

3a tidi, see B5. 2. see ^^' 

J^^^ioT^ tidipanca, adj. Dwar- 
fish, short. 



^^dd timu 

^oC3i) 5^^ tiddavuni, ^. v. (^^rfo^S)) 
To get corrected, rectified, 
3a ri tiddige, ^. Correction, train- 
ing, renovation. — ^o^ an 
erect pillar. -20t^4 settled 

>i3do^ tidduni (^S), -c;. a. To 
correct, mend, reform, rectify, 
alter. ^^- /zV. to correct the 
hand ; to acquire a good pen- 
^zio sj^, vBdo oS-sei tiddupadi, tid- 
dupata, ^. Correction, amend- 
ment, modification. 2. refor- 
mation. — -^s^^Ov^^ to correct, 
amend, modify. 

vTad tiddya, adj. Junior, young- 
er. — ^ an aunt, t. e. mother's 
younger sister, or younger 
uncle's wife. — o^ an uncle, 
I. e. father's younger brother, 
or aunt's husband. 

v/3c3^oo3o tiddyaye, s. A young 
vBdo, tidpu, see S^r. 

s. A kind of fish. 
^^7^ tinasi^, see ^j^cj. 

ad tidma 

4 h'§i tine, see Sj6. 

>/ac3"g^4^ tinpavuni, c. v. (of ^^^)) 

To feed, nurse. 
4^'^ ^) tinpini (^cS), v. a. To eat, 

consume. 2. to destroy, waste. 

3. to receive, as bribes, blows, 

etc. ^^— to get blows. e;od_ 

to take bribes. 
J^fIsS tinpele, s. A glutton. 

oSJdtipale, s. The creeper Cly- 
pea Burmanni. 2. an appli- 
cation for the head, generally 
prepared of the leaves of this 

vB^^, v3Qg)s3 tipila, tipule, see 

33j tippa, adj. Small. 
/b^ tippi, s. A cocoanut shell. 
— =^J3?^ lit. a cocoanut shell 
and a stick; beggary. — ^w?;?^ 
3i§ 5 ?^yo,^ to come down to 
beggary. —^-5 a small breast, 
resembling a cocoanut shell. 
e??®— the lower half of a 
shell. 4'so^-— the upper half 
of a shell. ^^^- the skull. 
v/3^ S tippili, s. A kind of borer. 

3aj dQ=^G^, 3^0=^0^ tippivok- 
kelu, tipyokkeli^, ^- A poor 

vB^ tippu, ^^^ 8^4^. 

,B^ tippe, ^. A heap, pile. 2. a 

3?^^ tibila, ^. A hand-lamp, 

vBzoodj tiburu, s. A crack, split. 

32^, 323^tibbi,tibbe, J. Hemming. 

323^^0^ tibial^, s. Treble dis- 
tilled arrack. 

3sijd timare, s. The Pennywort, 
Hydrocotyle astatic a. 

3^Jon^o^ timin^i^l^, s. A whale. 

3s^JO^j^o^ timukuduni (S^oo 
«^oS), z'. <^. To jostle, push; 
to try to escape from a crowd. 

vidoo timu 


^^r tirkei 


v'3s:^oj=3rj^, vB^oodOci timukuni, ti- 
muruni (^^ix>^, ^^jo5), v. n. 
To throng, crowd. r^jj. 

3s3o=ctjs^^o timekolu, see <^?^ ^js? 
vBoJob tiyara, see <?j?^^. 
vBD^orij^ tiri^nguni, see ^oaof^. 
vid tira, ^^^ '^^• 
ht7^^ tiras^, see ^!3. 

«BdrJ3.d tiraskara, s. Contempt, 
disrespect, reproach, affront. 

vID tiri, s. A sprout, shoot, sprig, 

germ; the tender branch of a 

J palm. 2 Ahe wick of a lamp ; 

cf, ^Q. — srooso a harelip. — ^^ 

a thin body. — S5i§^^ to cease 

to sprout. ~^T^^j^. —2dhF^ 

to sprout, shoot. (f^Xo-dod— 
the point of the nail. 
^sO=s^ea^. tirikatti^, see ^^i="^- 

vBDoijd tiriyara, ^^^. Within 
reach of the hand; below, 
-/ oOo tiru, s. A bow string. 2. a 
short stick used to tighten, 
as the string of a bow, ek. 
—^s'Uj^^, —sjOcI^o?) to tie a bow- 
string, [church. 

^Oo tiru, adj. Holy. -?i£^ the holy 

od-o/io^ tirunguni, see ^oXor^. 

odorifl tirugane, j^^ SoX^^B. 

vSdjdra tirudana, see STJo^r©. 

Jsl:^03j, vSdJ33 tlrupa, tirup^, J. 
Alms, charity. 
3do3J3 tirupati, s. A celebrated 
place of pilgrimage in North 

sBdjog) tirupu, see ^^r. 
vBdJZOoZo tirubanji, see <S2oro3§. 
3dos^jodo tirumuru, ^. Property, 

wealth. 2. exchange. 
vB do 5JOJ5 3 F tirumurti, ^^^ 5^^i3jsBr. 
vBdosJ tiruva, see <§^r. 
^sBdo^CQ tiruvana, ^. A nitpick. 
vldod tiruve, ^6^^ S^-^f. 
3:5:^^ tiruli, ^. A kind of round 

chisel or gimlet. 
vSd, 36=^233g tire, tirekajipu, see 

vl^^r tirki^, ^. A band, tie made 
of the fibre taken from the flat 
side of the cocoanut branch; 

^ e/f^^r. -sTOTl:^ to fasten the 
cocoanut blossom with such 
a tie. 

«B=^r^^ tirkatt^, s. The slip-knot 
of a rope used for drawing 
water. 2. see ^%^^^ — 3:JD^oi 
to fasten a band, peg, ele. 

^'^Fd tirkade, s. The lower part 
of any thing. 

vB=5c)ro5:) tirkayi, see ^^^^• 
y^'SDF^^ tirkavuni, cv. (^^s^or 
^) To make lean, to weaken. 

^"dDFT^ tirkasyi, adj. Oblique, 
slant, sloping, adv. Obliquely, 
aslant. [garment. 

,B^Of="oyj tirkuntu, s. An under- 

^tS^f^ tirkuni (^^0' ^' ^- To 
be lean, weak; alsoJ^'^ciF^. 

^^F tirkhf s. A split, splinter ; 
also fj'^r. 

o=^,r tirkei, s. A water jar, pit- 
cher. 2. a handful. — 3i^_^ 

^"ij^^F tirko 

to join the hands for receiv- 
ing anything, ^i- a small 
^^=§J^>F^ tirkote, s. A lean or 
weak man. 
vB=^J5^r^o tirkolu, see ^^Jh<v. 
^ariFfl tirgane, see ^caf??. 
^TijF^ tirguni, see ^oaof^. 
^7ZF^ tirnane, see ^oaf?6. 
J ^3^F tirti^, e^^^i'. Dov^n, beneath, 
below, under, 'adj. Lower, 
subordinate. — ^^fo topsy- 
turvy. — 20^^"do^ to fall down. 
•^^'iFh\ tirtatti^, ^. Lower side or 
level. — ^ "^oii a lower field. 
^iFdo tirtadya, s. The thresh- 
old, lower step, under frame. 
•^^^F£^ tirtane, s. The lower part 
of a slope; c/. e9?8. 
3sFd tirtara, s. An inferior kind. 
adj. Lower, inferior. adv. 
Below, under. 
3q^Fe3^, tirthatt^, see ^^F^^' 
^sBc^JF^) tirduni (^Sf), ^. j^/To 
v" turn. 2. se^Szij ^. 
vI^jfcsI^ tirpanatre, ^. A place 
near Cochin ; the former resi- 
dence of the Cochin kings. 
osJFrS tirpani, s. A fund for the 

repairs of a temple. 
vBsJFo tirpati, see-B-dot,B. 
J3sJF0 tirpali, s. Long pepper. 
^z:>F^ tirpale, see St>6. 
3o3"Sf;S^ tirpavuni, c. v. (o/^4f 
^) To get made, settled. 
2. see 'S?3:df4^. s^ot^B— to 
make gold ornaments. 

•i^"^ tirpu, s. A swivel, -rf ^ 

a head-ornament. 
/3^F^ tirpuni (^^), v. a. To 

twirl round. 
vIzoFoto tirbanji, s. The abdomen, 

h'tF tirbe, ^. A piece, chip; of. 

^^zi^i^iFt^i tirmuru, s. Exchange. 
-i<Bo:JjFccl tiryande, s. A kind of 

V^oJOFd tiryara, adj. Low. (2^^. 

Below, downward, under. 
Vvlo^F tirl^, s. The core, heart of 
a tree, —"^jirid^ to come to 
age, to be full-grown. 

os5f tirle, s. A full-grown, strong 
man. [ivQQ. 

vBs^F tirva, ^. A kind of timber 

3?5f tirse, see ^^A 

3^r tirli, s. The bandage ^r 
crown of a stack of corn. 

3o^ tili^, s. The spleen, milt. 
2. 3"^<^ Si6. 

3e; tila, s. The gingely oil seed, 
Sesamum indicum. — ^o?io^ 
the sesamum flower. — ^^?^r®, 
^eSjse^^ sesamum seed and 
water, presented as an of- 
fering to the manes of the 
departed ancestors. —%^ 
gingely oil. — croj:^, SeJ^itro^j a 
gift of sesamum. 

3^=s^ tilaka, s. A sectarian or 
ornamental mark on the 
forehead. 2. a freckle, mole. 

«Bo^^ tilavuni, see iej^^. 

vl^d tira 

^?7e)r3 tilana, see ^^ r©. 2. see 

vBossJ tilavu, see ^o^. 
vldJS^d^s^ til6daik&, see under ^^. 

^o^do^ tilladuni {^^l,^), "o. a. 
To dissipate, disperse, scatter. 
J>BG«)r9 tillana, s. Humming a 

vl^e)?^^, «B;3e)?o tivas^, tivasi, s. 
A kind of carpet, a rug. 2. 
a cushion. 
73^ till, <2^'. Transparent, clear. 
2. distilled ; 9^. ^^, f^'^. -^eS 
clear, 6?r filtered water. 
J3^o^^=^, o^osd^ri tiluvalike, ti- 
luvalige, s. Understanding, 
intellect ; knowledge, infor- 

vl^^< tillapilla, see £^«^^^. 

o^, tille, ^^^ 8^«3. 

3^o^D, 3^o=aD, 3^0^, tinkiri, 
tlnkeri, tinkri, s. Preparing 
for the festival of the female 
demons ^"^J^ odtjt^. 2. see 

3^0=3^0 tinku, see 3?^. 
3eo=^o^ tinkelijL, see So-S-b. 
-/3^ck!o^ tintuni, .y^^ ^eowo^. 
3^o3e)eJ tintata, j^^ ^?o6rou. 

3^o3c)d, 3^oqr3d tintara, tintha- 
ra, s. Dispersion, dissipation. 
2. ruin, waste, ^^h^ to be- 
come dispersed; to be ruined. 
—^^0^^ to waste. 

3^03^6 tintare, s. A destitute 
or miserable man. 

3^03^5^^ tintavuni, c, v. (o/B^o 

^^) To cause to splash. 
3^o^o^ tintuni (^eo§), v. n. To 

splash; also ^10^^. 
3^0^ timpu, see eleo?^. 
-'3^0^^ timpuni (^ec), v. n. To 

snort, breathe heavily. 2. to 

snivel; cf. ^josoos^^. 
^^os3^ timpele, s. A sniveller; 

cf. ^oo3oo^e3. 
3^oyor^ tir^tuni, ^^^ iif"oBj^. 
J 3 ^=5^ tik^, «^'. Tasteful, savoury. 

J3^=3*d, 3^=^o^ tikara, tikeri^, adj\ 
Sweetish; not pungent, not 
properly seasoned. 

73^=^JScl tikode, ^. A kind of fish. 
3er^ tige, see .^e^. 

i3^c^o^ tiduni (^eS), v, a. To rub, 
press. 2. to irritate. 

^3^^S 3^c^ tin^, tini, ^. Food, 
meal, diet. 2. a glutton. 
3^ 3d §3 tipale, ^^^ ^^«3. 

-i 3^52 tipe, s. Sweetness, adj. 
Sweet, fresh. — ^c^ the liquo- 
rice. —^^oK sweet potato, Goa 
potato, Dioscorea aculeata. 
3^sJoo^o, timullu, s. A kind of 
touch-me-not, Cxsalpina nd- 

>/3^D^ tir^, s. ^A nit. ^2. the egg 
of a bug. 3. see Se^r. _ ^e^ 
a small louse. — ^eL^^, ^^^^ 3e 
"do^. ^Bj_ a crushed nit. 

^3^0 tira, <2<^. Entire, whole, adv. 
Wholly, entirely. 2. decided- 
ly, positively. 
3^doa tirandi, see under S^-do^. 

vB^d tira 


;^oo?i tun^s 

^^d^ tirate, see i^-rfofeS. 
vB^CDSjc^ tiravuni, see B^t>-^^^. 
3^0 tiri, see -S-eQ. 
Va^O# tirike, ^. Conclusion, end. 

oe0^^3^ tirinati^, ^^^ ^?-rfo^i. 
y^^O^j*)^^, 3?a?oo^ tirisavuni, 
tirisuni, c v, (^^?^o?)) To fi- 
nish, conclude, complete. 2, 
to settle, decide, determine. 
3. to pay off, as a debt. 
»B^dJc5'S3^ tirunat^, adv. As far 
as practicable, to the extent 
of one's ability. 
^/vB^do^ tiruni (^e^), v.n. To be 
finished, settled, c. dat. To 
be able, ^^-^o^ (neg. part.) 
incapable, infeasible, unset- 
tled ; endless, inexhaustible. 
Se'^oa 20^^ work beyond one's 
ability to perform. efodoK 
a?-do23 he is not well. ci-azSoS 
8e^o5 heit not able to do it. 
^?5o5 is is done. Ǥ?5^eb?), 
ge55 ^^h^ to end, expire, 
>J^^::!t:>t.:i^-^ tirumana, s. Conclu- 
sion, settlement, completion. 
adj. Complete, final, adv. Fin- 
ally. -^ 83«3, _=^odo the lowest 
price. ~^^^^^ to settle, re- 
solve, determine. 
v/3^dj^=^ tiruvike, see ^e^F^. 
vB^6 tire, see ^e'd. 

-/^^ds:^ tirel^, s. Termination, 

^vS^rlrd tirgade, s. Completion. 

2. see ^°afzI. 

3^^r, ^^^F tirta, tirtha, s. Pure 
water, sacred water in which 
an idol is bathed; a bathing 
place of pilgrimage. 2. a 
bathing place. ^odra^ pil- 
grimage to a sacred river. 
— ?fe^?^ bathing in sacred 
water. —^j^hF^ to administer 
sacred water, to give water to 
drink. '-2oE:r^ to spring forth,- 
as water from a fountain. 

^B^^r*^, tirnike, see eJe^r^. 
V«B^53^F^^ tlrpavuni, ^^^ ^e^ 

r tirpu, ^. Settlement, 
adjustment, decision, decree. 
~^h?i to be settled. -t5j^o^^ 
to decide, adjudge. 
v/3^o^r^ tirpuni, see Se5?ro^^. 
'/l^^F=^ tirvike, ^. Conclusion, 
settlement, adjustment. 

3^s3r tirve, .y. Land assessment, 

^B^rj'SFSS^ tirsavuni, see ^e^^ 

,B^?o tisa, see ^^7i. 

<B^=CTr3, vB^^s tikshana, tikshna, 
s. Haste^ hurry. 2. heat, 
warmth, pungency. adj. 
Sharp, quick ; hot, warm, pun- 

^00=^0^ tunkuni, see ^-«c^o^. 

^oli tunga, s. The river Tunga. 
2. height, loftiness. ^<^.High, 
lofty. — ^rf) the river formed 
by the junction of Tunga 
and Bhadra. 

^oorloSo tungaye, s. A tall man. 

^oori tung:a 


^ori tugra 

^oorioSj tungaye, s. A kind of 

JsoorrooSs) tungayi, s. A fragrant 
kind of grass, 
^oorio tungu, see ^oao. 

J^joy tunta, adj. Mischievous, 

J impudent, wicked, -^^c:^ impu- 
dence, wickedness. 

J^ooli, ^oo^a tunti, tuntedij s. 
A mischievous or impudent 

4^00^ tunte, s. A wicked or impu- 
dent man. 

J;^ooclo tundu, s. A piece, slice, 
bit. —"^ooks:) a rag. — aocjt^, 
—Aorf f^ a short cudgel. 
Tl3 pieces, fragments. —t>^ 
4^ to patch, join pieces, —^j^ 
^^ to fell a tree in blocks. 
—■^^0^^ to cut into pieces. 
^^od tunde, s. The cover of leaves 
round the loins, as worn by 
Koragar women. ~^% a 
black kind of the five-leaved 
^jor3 tunna, see ?l)or©. 
>/ ^jorsoA^, ^oocl> tunnang^, tun- 
nel, s. The scurf or mealy 
crust of the body. 
^oozj tumba, «^*. Full, complete. 

J^ozZii^^ tumbavuni, c. v. (of 

^ ^oo80j^)'^o cause to fill,''ioad, 
lade. 2. to accuse, impute, 

J;^oo^ tumbi, s. The blackbee. 

>/ 2. see^^o^. ef?3rf_, ^-^^ Trfjoa^. 

J ^jot^e;*^ tumbil^, .9. Sneezing. 

_20br^, -e^^s) to sneeze. 

7:^0020^^ tumbuni (^o^S), ^. ^5, 
"^0 bear, carry, as a load. ^. 
to fill. 3. to endure, suffer. 
Jv. 71. To be filled, full. essJ 
srosi— , 3::D^"d— to suffer from 
a false accusation, sj^^;^^— 
to be guilty. 4^- to carry a 
load. ?3ae;- to be in debt, ^o 
'i^^Ti:^ 20e3 2oE:r^ to carry an idol 
in procession, round its tem- 

;^oo20odj tumburu, see ^ozyd. 

^0 0200 do, ^oo2oo6 tumburu, tum- 
bure, s. A celestial chori- 
^<=> [7^0023 tumbe, s. The plant Pklo- 
mis indica. 

^ooe3fS-^o^ tumbenekkili^, s. Wild 
vegetation. -^^jaS^^^ wild vege- 
tation to grow; to fall in 
-r^oozSjarao^, ;^0o;3j?)r30^ tumbo- 
nuni, tummonuni, refl. v. {of 
<^jo80o^) To bear or suffer for 
one's self, to be patient. 

^ooEOjr turmbu, see ^TiioaDo. 

^0=3^^ tukadi, s. A piece, rag, 
fragment, bit. 2. the division 
of a district. 3. rank and 
file, -■rfo^^o^^ to divide, to 
put into files. 

:^o=3^o^ ^0=3^03 tukkutukku, ^. Skip- 
ping; strutting. 2. arrogance, 
haughtiness. — <£^Xoo^i to skip; 
to strut. 

^0 J tukre, sec ^o^. 

t:>T\^, ^?ioa tugadi, tugudi, see 

:io7i tuga 


^odo tudu 

x/;^orio^ tu^alu, s. The skin, bark, 
fc; rind. — ^s?ob^», — 9d^"0D^^, — d 
4^^ to skin, pare, peel. 

'dd2^ tucca, (^dj. Small, little, 
mean. 2. void, empty, desert- 
ed. — ^^ contempt, scorn, 
vileness. —^^^ low-minded- 
ness. -^^Ov^oi' to despise, 

;^o^3?)ei tuccata, s. Biting. 2. 
dispute, quarrel. —tSo^^^ to 
dispute or abuse mutually. 

;^oi5'3 5J)^ tuccavuni, c. v. (of ^ 
2^3 ^) To cause to bite, chase. 
2. to join, unite. 

;^02>^ tucci, see ^o^ . 

i^osidJ?^ tuccuni (^^'4^), 7'.^. To 
bite. 2. to be joined, united. 

i02§ o^ tuccelu, s. A vicious ani- 
mal; a biting animal. <3:<^". 
Vicious; biting. 

;^023 tujji, ^^^ ^J^C- 

;^je3, ;^oei tuti, tutti, s. Dearth, 
scarcity. . adj. Dear, scarce, 
v/:^od tuda, adj. Bored, scooped 
out ; cf. ^js?c$. —•dj'doso a 
trough made of a palm stump. 

siioc^D^, ^ocs'SD^ tudar^, tudariji, 
s. A light ; a lamp. ^5^=^^— an 
iron hand-lamp. — c5o?? lamp 
oil. — 2^e5 the lamp-light pro- 
cession of an idol, eU, — ^ 
s^4'oi to light a lamp. 
aoc^sS tudale, see ijsc^e?. 
i^oi^ tudi, see ^^. 
vf:^oc^j^^ tudupini, ^^^ 7ijrk)h^. 

^oo^ tude, ^. The thigh, shank, 
side piece; c/. ^ot^. — ^tjo 
^ the hip. — ^e;a3o a side 
plank. — 20<s<, _s3s^ a bubo, 
venereal ulcer; cf. ^-^"d^-^f. 

J^od^^ tudepuni, ^^^ i^^il^"^. 

^aocl tune, ^.-^The gummy juice 
exuding from the stalk, elc. 
of certain fruits. 2. arro- 
gance, pride. — ^wo^^) to be 
-i^OvB tuti, s.-^A sort of drone n 
y corresponding a bagpipe. 72. \ 

7:^03;^ tuttari, ^^^ 3j;^js^o. 
^ ^03^^^ tuttavunl, ^. ^. (o/ ^o 
^^) To cause to dress, clothe. 

v/^o^i. tu^^u^ ^' Dressing, -^ocyj 
clothes, raiment. ~^^d^ dress, 
clothing, covering. 

y^j^^^ tuttuni (^^5^), T'. ^. To 
dress, wear, clothe. 

J^d:iJ^O tutturi, s. A trumpet, 
horn, pipe. — crooSo a trum- 
peter, piper. — eA)D5^^ to blow 
a horn or trumpet. 

J:io^ tudi, i'. Point, end, extre- 
mity, top. — =^^ the arm from 
the elbow. — "^^ti complete- 
ly ; up to the top. -t^o^^ top 
and bottom. -t^ojM r^^^o^ 
aimless, purposeless. —20,^^0^ 
to be sufficient, convenient. 
—■^oyo^^ to finish, complete, ^l 
Srf— the point of a sword. 
^odoo=i^d tudunkara, see B5o^<i. 


;^jc3 tude 


:^odj turu 

J;^jd tude, j. A river, stream. 
— 2oa the bank of a river. — ^ 
7^4^, ~a;)okio^ to ford a river. 

^0(52:^0^ tudeculli, s. The holly- 
leaved acanthus, Dilivaria 
ilici folia. 

^ocSdoadoh tudemadirengi, s. 
The tree CratcEva nirvala. 

^f^o;do, 30?dj;^ tunusu, tunuse, ^. 
A kind of grass or nettle. 
Tragia involucrata. 

^0^ tune, see ^orS. 

^053«)5*, ^o?jc)^ tupak^, tupaki, 
s. A gun, musket. 

^jsj 13 tuppati, ^^^ rfo^i?. 
_i ;^os3 tuppe, i". A stack, heap 
of corn or rice. Ss?r_ a 
stack with a crown af twisted 
rope of straw and ears of 
paddy. ^5— the crown of a 
stack. — ^tSo?\ a kind of 
ydijai.Dioscorea atropurpurea. 
-■^a§ ^s'o^o,^ to sit in a coil, 
as a serpent. 

^o^D^^ tuphanii, s. A cyclone, 
storm. 2. calamity, misfor- 
tune. 3. a serious imputation. 

oOloo tubbu, see ?io20j^. 
J ^osoj. tubbu, s. Discovery, as of 
stolen property; detection, 
as of an offence. 

^osjjo'5'j tumuku, s. Pressure, 
-^^0^00=3^0^ tumukuni, see ^rfoog'j^. 
-/^ooQo tuyi, s. A feather, quill, 
the plume of birds. 

^ooSoo^^, ;^oo5Jo20JQi tuyimpuni, 

tuyimbuni (^oosoo, ooo3jo€5), 
z'. n. To hiss. 2. to grow 
angry. 3. to blow the nose : 
cf. ^jjosooeoo^. 

^ooSoosSdtuyimpele, s. A fretful 
person. 2. a sniveller. 
J^j05j23*^ tuyiliji, see ^^oosj^. 

^jdo?i turanga, ^^^^ lij^oK. 2. 

^jdrs turana, see ^^r®. 
sod^ turala, see ^j^-t3j?)'^o. 
;^odd turale, ^^^ ijsTjeH. 
;^jD^o5j turayi, ^. A crest-like 

head-ornament worn by males. 

2. a crest, plume of feathers. 
^oD turi,^. A cramp-iron, brace. 
^oD^ turita, ^^^ ^^?=". 

J^jOoj^, ^jDo^^ turipini, turipuni 
(^oO), 7'. a. To string, as 
beads. 2. to bore, perforate. 
^83- to bore the ears ; to wish- 
per; to backbite. 

vy;^jOaJoo^ turiyuni (^^), c'. 7i. To 
be stringed. 2. to be bored, 
perforated. ^^S eoj^-do^ to 
fall, as powder from decayed 
;^jOoturu, adv. Violently, strong- 
ly. — ^^4^> to pick flesh from 
a carcass, as a vulture, eh'.; 
to vie as puppies when suck- 
ing, eh:. 
;^jOoorij turungu, s. A prison, 

j^odoocoo turumbu, s. Chaff. — ^js 
^^ to winnow. 
i^jdolJj turutu, see t^Wor. 

^odj turu 


^0^^) tullu 

^oCoc9 turuna, see ^^f^- 
^io^Cii turuta, see ^o^r. 
M^^^&d^C) turuturu, ad7J. Swiftly, 
^^6^-^ turupu, s. Cavalry. 2. a 
trump or winning card. 
J^od.^^ turupuni, see ^o&L^^. 

;^odo^o5o turuvayi, see ^-o^osd, 
-l^jdwSj^ turuvuni, see ^oDocsoo?). 
^odos^rao?^ turuvonuni, v. refl. 

To embrace, take in. 
i^^ts^ti^ turudu, adv. Fast, 
tightly, —t^^^ to hold fast. 
7:^00 ture, 5. A water-gourd, pump- 
kin. — ^ ®oz§ a large calabash 
used by toddy-drawers for col- 
lecting toddy, or by mendi- 
cants as a vessel. — ^ 4^?^^ 
the shell of an over-grown 
gourd. — ^ a^js^^ the creeper 
of water-gourd. 
i>^^7^:^-i turkamata, s. Moham- 
■i^^7€) turkali, s. Distention, 
puffing. 2. pride, insolence. 
_^e^^ to be proud, insolent; 
to be troublesome. 
>/^j=s'r^oo?i turkalyuni (^os'r^), 
V. n. To be distended, as an 
overloaded stomach. 
■i>^^7 turke, s. A Turk, Mus- 
4;sO£ior turtu,,^. A female's hair 
tied into a knot. 
^jrar turna, see ^^^ 
J^j;^r, t:>t:i'7 turta, turtu, ^. 
Swiftness, haste, speed, adj. 

Quick, hasty, swift, -^o^^o^^ 
to hasten , accelerate, be quick. 
■i^^7 turli, s. Obeisance. 
^0^ tula, s. A balance. 2. simi- 
larity. ^,see ^oe;s. 
J^j^i^, ^o^^tulaci, tulasi, s. The 
holy basil, Ocimum sanctum ; 
also ^js><^^- -^^ the embank- 
ment round a basil plant. 
_48d worship paid to it. -^^ 
beads made of wood of the 
holy basil. ~^j^^, -t^tS a 
necklace of those beads, -"s^^ 
■do a kind of earring, ^oso— 
the wild basil, Ocimum aU 
to^D tula, s. The sign Libra. 

2. the seventh solar month. 
;^0S3d4^ tulavuni, -s:^-^ ?ioe;s4c^. 
;^jo^;^^ tulas^, see ^c3. 
^j© tuli,^^". Sweet, fresh, -^e^ 
fresh water. 
V^oO^c^, ^o©o;5jo^ tulipuni, tuli- 
yuni (^^?5), -z'. <2. To churn, 
make butter. 
^o©o:Jjo^ tuliyuni, .y<?^ t^osSoooj?). 
J^j^ tule, ^^^ ^^«3- 
^os3e3^d tulebara, ^. Weighing 
one's self against gold, etc. 
^^.2m>4c^ to get one's self 
weighed against gold and dis- 
tribute it in charity. 
^0^0 tulya, adj. Comparable, 

analogous, equal. 
^o^;^je; tullatuUa, see ^o^^o^^. 

en CO 

;^o0 tuUi, see &^o^. 
J^oe;o?^tulluni, see ^^^o^^. 

ro '' 




;^X 0=5^0 tunku 

^js3^, eos3^n^ tullela, tullyala, 

see ^^ 6 

^^d tuva, ^. Overflowing, run- 
ning over. 
^jD tuvvi, see ^ooso. 

^o?oo, tusku, adj. Useless, vain, 
unmeaning; also ^Ti:^^. 
-itci^k tulasi, see ^josI. 

.\^^VDh^, ^o^^^s^?) tulapinl, tula- 
vuni (^^), 7/. a. To row, 
paddle, steer; cf. tj^^jd^^. 

^0^ tuli, ^^^ Tiov. 
J ^^^^ tulipuni, ^^6' ?io^4^- 

^o^o:jjo^ tuliyuni, 5"<?^ tjosSo^jo^. 
j^j^j tulu, ^. Taki. ^^/. Of or 
belonging to Tulu. -&??:? the 
Tulu people. -c2e^ the Tulu 
country. ~2^A the Tulu 

^o"^o=3^j^ tulukuni, ^^^ jSjsOo^o^. 
^ ;^v)^03'5)o2o tulutaye, ^. A native 
of the Tulu country. 

^o^osS tuluve, s. Softness, as 
that of a variety in fruit, eU. 
adj. Soft, as a fruit, etc. — 3^05^0^ 
a soft kind of mango. 
J ^0^0^ tuluve, s. A Tu|u man. 
-oSoro an ox born and bred 
up in the Tulu country. 

^j^j^^ tulpuni, see ?io<95^^. 

^0^ tulpe, s. A shell, skin, rind. 

^os^o tulya, see ^^0. 

^o^^^tullatulla,^^^'. In an out- 
spoken manner, straightfor- 
Avaidly. 2. suddenly, hurried- 
ly, -^'^y^ to speak out or 

>/^^o,^ tulluni (^^%), V. n. To> 
roll, turn. 2. to leap, jump. 

^eo|,o^ tullel^, s. A marriage 
among Pariahs; also £A)<^^^. 

>/^J3 tu, s. Fire. <z^'. Fiery. 
2. bright. 3. ardent. -^ ^a 
matches. — ^ ^5 soot. — ^ ^e^ 
the scar of a burn. -^ ^^ a 
flint stone. -^ -S-^^, -^ -o-a, — ^ 
^00?^ a spark. — ^ ^ocii, _^ 
?rjsoz5, _;^ ^jsoc^ a fire pit. — ^ 
^J3^^ a firebrand. -^ ^cr^ 
burning coals. — ^ f3se;D03j 
flame. — ^ ^/^ smoke. — ^s3e3,:^ 
a box of matches. -^ ^'^?^a, 
_^^, -_;^ ^?^^ a burn, ^scald, 
blister. -^ -?j^ the heat of 
fire. — e5e;jr^ fire to burn. 
— £A)5^^ to blow fire. — 2o^Oj^ 
to poke fire. — 1?.?)<5^,^ fire to 
blaze. -7v)no^ fire to burn fit- 
fully. — i^^^^ to quench or 
extinguish fire. — ^s'o.^ fire to 
extinguish. — ^js^r^, —S^^o^^^^ 
to tread on fire; to smother. 
— D?^^, -sjstId^ to set fire. — ^■ 
s^^oi to light, kindle a fire. 
_iije)odjj^ fire to smoulder 

-i^JSo^ara tunkana, s. Swinging. 
2. dependence. \ 

^JSo^Cia^oj^ tunkaliyuni, i-r • ^^.^ 

-J^J^o-^ tunki, ^^^ ;^o?rr©. j 

^J5)o=g^j tunku, i\ Swinging. 2. | 
drowsiness. 3. reeling. 4^ 

iJSo^o tunku 


;^JS^J5 tutu 

- 3JSo=^o^)/sJSor!o^ tunkuni, tun- 
guni (^jsc^, ;^j3oK), V. a. To 
swing, toss. V. n. To reel. 
2. to doze, be drowsy. 3. to 
^^JSorio^ tungalii, adj. Awny, 
full of beard, as corn. — ecroS 
awny paddy. 
J;^JSor!o tungu, s. The beard of 
barley, etc. 
'is^o'ih tunci, adj. Thin, fine, 

small. 2. see ■d^o'^. 
:^J5oto tuDji, see c:^^. 
:^J3oe3 tunti, ^^^ t^o^. 
t^od^^ tundali^, s. A nest of red 
ants. 2. see ^joiI. 
y^JSodo^ tunduni (^jsoS), ^. ^. To 

aim, point at. 
J^j^odo^ tuiideliji, s. Pointing, 

J;^J3o20D^ tumbariz, ^. A big hole. 

2. see ^c20o. 
vi;^J3oeod tumbara, ^. The eye of 

a spade ; ^. ^ot?^. 
v/.;^J3oioo, :^JSo23 tumbu, tumbe, ^^^ 


-i^JSozSj^ tumbo, i"^^ ?jjao£5j3. 

vi;^JS=3' tuka, ^. Weight ; weighing. 

— rf Xoo-rfo a plummet ; weights. 

-^^h^ to ascertain the weight. 

—■^0^0^^ to weigh. 

^Syi tuka, {imperat. first pers. 

pi. o/ ^ji>h^y Let us see! 
■:^»Q^d tukara, s. Turbulence. 

~^^h^ to be turbulent. 
^^JS=ae; tukala, see ^j^^oe;. 
J^J55'©q;jjo^,4j5:^^j^^ tukaliyu- 

ni, tukalyuni (^^^), z'. ;2. To 
doze, be drowsy. 
^f^J5=s=e)^i^) tukavuni, c. v. {of sja 
^^v^) To cause to weigh. 2. to 
hang up. 
;^JS-o-a tukiri, see ^^ja^oeS. 
V^JS=5^j tuku, ^. Hanging. — ^ot^S 

a hanging lamp. 
^'^J5=aO^ tukuni (^-^^), z'. a. To 
weigh. 2. to hang suspend. 
3. to swing, rock, as a cradle; 
cf. ^j3=5^eDodoo?). 
J^JS^o^ tukula, i". A hanging 
^J5=5^o©, ;^J3-S\ tukuli, tukri, s. 
Annoyance, distraction. — ^? 
^^ to annoy, distract. 
Ji^JSri^ tugadi, s. Drowsiness, 

sleepiness. 2. see ^t5^a. 
v/;^jsr(^^^ tugadipuni (^jaXa), 

v.n. To be drowsy, sleepy. 
>('';^J3r{o^ tuguni, j"^^ ^j^'^o^. 
^j^yro* tutan^, ^. A mixture of 
rubbish and earth, burnt and 
used as manure. 
J^J^^ tute, s.^A torch, made of 
palm leaves, etc. 2. a fierce, 
quarrelsome woman; also 
Tiji,^. —ws^X, —:i-6 a mock-fight 
with torches. — -sSj^^D^^a a 
quarrelsome woman, 
;^JSe3o=^j?)^s;o tutukolu, s. A sol- 
dering rod. 
;^J3^ tudi, ^^^ ?ijsa. 
V^jsr3 tuna, ^^^ ^^^• 
;^J5vl tuti, s. xVppetite; desire. 
;^J3^JS tutu, int. Fie! shame! 

^J5;c^ tuna 


iod tende 

J^JS?^ tuna, s. A stake, post. 
— ^T?oK a kind of yam, Dios- 
corea alata. 
;^JS3Jrs tupana, s. A sign. 
y^oTOSj^) tupavuni, c. v, (of ^j!> 
L^ & ^^^)^To show, point 
out. 2. to cause to winnow. 
>J^S)h^ tupini (^js), 7\a. To see, 
look, observe. 2. to try, test, 
examine. 3. to visit. 4. to 
seek ; to consider, regard. 5. 
to take care. fo-rain. 

^J5^ tupu, s. Winnowing, as 
-^^JS^^ tupuni (^^), 1'. a. ^/'To 
winnow, fan. 2. to blame, 
abuse; see ^s'o^. 
U;^J523 tube, s. A bole. 
;^J3d tura, s. A contract, parti- 
cularly for toddy. -rf ^e3 
toddy supplied according to 
contract. -rf t2i6 sl toddy- 
drawer who has contracted 
to supply toddy. -3i ^€> -^l 
^N to consign toddy accord- 
ing to contract. 
^JSS turi, s. An earthen water- 
pot; c/. £ij35. -^-sB^ a man 
with a dropsical belly. 
sii^JS&djo^o, turimullu, ^. Ztzt- 
phiis ce no pita. — sdt^j^ to 
;^J?)dj turu, ^. A crack, chap, 
fissure. -eooc'^^ to crack, 
ts.^j"^ turuni (^&), v. n. To 
crack, as a vessel. 
J^JSdJ^v'j turolu, y. A kind of 

rattan. Calamus rotang\ cf. 
=d^T?j3<^o. _rf ^ctf the root of 
the same, -rf e^^ a thicket 
of the same. —^ sS^ a walking 
stick made of the same. 
:^J50Jjr turya, s. A musical in- 
^JS^ tula, {imperat. 2nd pers. 
sing, of^^h^) See ! 2. ^tv -.^2^. 
^JS^oA tulangi, J(?^ ?i.^e?o7^.. 
i^JSejssJ^ tulavuni, see 7^^^^. 
^siSS) tuli, see sljs?e. 
J^e^j^ tuluni (^js^), z'. n. To 
totter, reel; to nod, be drowsy. 
i^JSsSoh tulengi, see 7ij?>eo7\. 
-J;^JS^ tula, ^. Inspiration; en- 
thusiasm, ecstacy. 
:^j3^o tulam, s. A kind of cotton. 
^JS^j tulu, see 4^^o. 
;^N^^ tr^t^, s. An instant. 
^^t^ tr^na, s. Grass, hay, straw. 
2. a bit. adj. Light ^r trifling, 
as a straw. — s:^cdo contempti- 
ble ; short life. 
^N^ trijipti, s. Satisfaction, gra- 
tification, contentment. —^ 
h^ to be satisfied, —ti^zjii^r^ 
to satisfy. [desire. 

^>,3§ tr^she, s. Thirst. 2. wish, 
J Joi5e)0^ tenkayi, .r^^ ^^trooso. 
io'SD,^ tenkral^, s. A red kind 
of stone, 
-lion^ tengy, .y. ^The cocoanut 
tree. 2. a swelling. 
Jot3* tendi^, 5f?^ eSoS. 
ioti tende, ^^i- eSozl^-d. 

iod tende 


iejj tettu 

' iodcooO, iocl^jo^ tendemuli, 
tendemuli, s. A species of 
tliatch grass. 

iodz)^ tendeli^, s. A very young 
cocoanut just out of bud. 
— -^js??? a shrivelled or wan 
face. — ^yo^^ tlie face to 

io^^ tenn^, adTJ. Now. 

io^T^ tennasT^, see ^?^oj. 

;loejd, iosjo tembara, tembare, 
s. A small drum, -djaw^^^ to 

iot^ tembi, ^. The lower part of 
a cocoanut shell. 2. the back 
of the head. 

iot^iO, ioeSo tembiri, temberi, s, 
A burning sensation in the 
throat. 2. a raw taste, as of 
imperfect seasoning of food. 

iocSooJjj^ temberiyuni (^iodS), 
TJ. n. To feel a burning sensa- 
tion in the throat. 2. to taste 
raw, as imperfectly seasoned 

iozoo^i tembuda, adv. Yet, still, 
up to this time. 

JoiS tern be, ste sSoiS^ot^. 

ioEid tembere, see ^o^^-d. 

io:5ij^ tembeliji, see ^o^6. 
Jiodo temma, s. A cough, cold. 
"^A^— the whooping cough. 
=^jse^_ cough with dyspnoea, 
bronchitis, -d^^^— a catarrhal 
cough. — e;^^ to cough, 

i^ tekk^, see ^%. 

i^6 tekkare, s. A cucumber, 

Cucumis sativa. 
J=^sSor tekkarme, ^. A kind of 

ornament; also 'dxy^. 2. see 

i^^ tekkale, ^^^ ^^i^. 
J^'s^s^jc^ tekkavuni, c. v. {of ^ 

^Oj^)) To quench, put out, 

|-S\ tekki, s. Teakwood, Tectona 

grandis. —^ ■s^^otj the teak tree. 
i^j^^ tekkuni (i^^), v. n. To be 

extinguished. 2. to be calm, 

be pacified. ^ja ^^^oS the 

fire is quenched, ^jse^i— anger 

to be pacified. 
1=^ tekke, ^^^ ^\ 2. see ^\ 


J=^d tekkere, see 4^^-8. 
■jtrK^'O^ tegijli^, s. A sprout, bud. 
s/trf^:>^ te^^luni {^h^), v.n. To 

sprout, shoot, bud. 
Hj\^^ teg-uni ("^), ^-.^."^o take. 
V 2.-'to abuse, revile, ^i^^e making 

a threatening noise. 
tA^^'^ tegeluni, see SK^a^. 
^tA6 tegele, s. Abusing, reviling. 

— iiAo^ to abuse. 
Ji>kf. tetti^, adj. Bad, wicked. 2. 

rotten, decayed; also ^^^^ 
-/ib^^c^ tettavuni, ctj. (of iyj^ 

^) To cause to be damaged, 

corrupted or failed; also 

JiU-^^ tettuni (i^), c'.72. To rot, 
decay, be damaged. 2. to 
become corrupt. 3. to fail; 
also €wo,^. 



id tere 

/j^ tedi, see €a. 

4%^^^ tedilu, s. Thunder, thun- 
derbolt, thunderclap. ^L.-i^^o'^ 
a flash of lightening. — =?^j2t? 
j^^, — ^t5£;o^, _■doo■5;^^) to 
thunder. — ^4?^?^, — fSjse^d)^^, — i^ 
^0^ to be struck by lightening ; 
to be thunderstruck. 
irSrD^ tenasi^, see ^t>^. 

J J^ tetti, s. An Qg^^. 

Jaj^?i tettuni (i^^), ^'. ^. To 
throb or distend, as the kid- 
neys from accumulation of 

i^^ teni^, see ^o^. 

-iJcS^^'^oSo, i^-3.oSoteni;ikayi, ten- 
kayi, s. South, adj. Southern. 
2. the Malabar province. 
J ifCro* tenas^, s. Food, feeding. 
J^ teni, see ^^o. 
Jc§,6 tenkere, irregular gerund 
of ^^^i. 
Jj^ teppa, sAk float, raft. 2. a 
shoal of fish. adj. Dense; cf. 
£i^. — ^uj^^ to make a float. 
i^Dri tepparige, s. A cloth- 
like substance which wraps 
round the base of the cocoanut 
io^ teppu, s. The fibrous cover- 
ing of certain nuts. 2. see ^4v. 
tti teppe, j^^ ??^. 
izjeJo^ tebatuni, see ^2owo^. 
izo^ tebaU, s. A kind of fish. 
J Jm tebbu, .y. A bow string. 
izoam tebbubbu, ^<?^ ^^j^i- 

JsjOvBf^ tematige, ^e'^ '^e^oS;^. 
Jdo^temma, ^^^ oc^o. 

io5j, ioJOo teyi, teyya, s. Beating 

time in dancing. 
iojjn teyya, see :3odJo. 
;l0o^ terante, ^-^^ oe-do&s. 

Jc^^s'oSj terakayi, ^. Breadth. 2 
making way. adj. Broad, 
wide; also oTJ^aso. 
idc^o^ teraduni, see ix?c^oo). 
idr3 terana, ^^^ s^p®. 
-Jid^ terapu, ^. Space, room. 

idro^ terasiji, ^^^ ^oj. 
J J 07^ terige, s. Taxes. 
-iioss'ssj^ teripavuni, c. z\ {of ^^ 
cdoo^j To make known, com- 
municate, inform. 2. to ex- 
plain, expose. 
-^JDo^^ teripuni, see ii&ccioo^. 

JiOOJo teriya, s. k ciriilar pad of 
wicker or straw, placed under 
a vessel to make it steady. 

J D 0:^0 J teriyu, s. A circle. 
-/JOCXJJO^ teriyuni (^5), 7-. ;/. To 
be known, understood, com- 
prehended, e. dat. To under- 
stand. 2. to be able. 3. to 
feel, perceive, conceive. oS^io^ 
^^<:>i:^oii:i I know, or I can. 
eyocso?^ (iD^ he did not know, 
he could not. 

JdooLb^) teruntuni, see ^f oWj^. 

iuos5 teruve, Jt-^ Se^r. 

;I6 tere, ^tv ^^• 

Id^-^o^j terekayi, ^^- 

it tere 297 

Vjddo^ tereduni (i^S), ^'. n. To 
v/ be confounded, confused. 'v/2. 

to roll down. 
I^r^ terpuni (^^), '^'. ^. To 
separate. i¥r5 ^^tI^^ to 
make one sit in a cross line 
as an outcaste at dinner. 
i§r a?^^ to keep separate; 
to interdict, excommunicate. 
itr terpe, s. Sod thrown up by 

ploughing; c/. o?^r. 
idr terve, see >§?^r. 
-^io^oeJo^ telT^ntuni, ^^^^ ^f cwo^. 
1^5^, io^^i telavu, telavu, ^. A 
young or half grown cock. 
Ji^sJ)^, 1 0^4?^ telavuni, telavu- 
ni (^s;, ^<2/3), T'. ^. To go aside, 
make way. 2. to avoid, shun. 
ioDob^ telanti^, s. Coming 
^^i^ teli, s. Gruel, rice water. 

y/2,see ?3e3. 
Jj0=^ telike, s. A laugh, smile, 
laughter. 2. ridicule, de- 
rision. -dooAOTJo— a gentle 
■:^i€)^D^^ telipavuni, e. tj. {of is3 

5g'^) To make laugh. 
J i©^^ telipuni (^^3), v. n. To 
laugh, smile, v. a. To deride. 
i0o;^DS^?^ teliyavuni, see f^^x^^ 
JiOodoo^ teliyuni, see ^eo^o^^. 
1^0 telu, see ^e;o^. 

-iJs^Jorlo, i^orio telungu, telugu, 

s. Telugu. 
>/i^oon telunge,^. A Telugu man. 

i^ti teja 

s/i^ooLJo^^teluntuni, see ifcwo^. 
JJ^;0 telpu, 3". Thinness, ad/. 

Thin, lean. 2. few, little. 
Vi^o ^ telpuni, see ^§€4^. 

v.'^e;dj, io"5)d) tellavu, tellavu, s. 
A thin, flat kind of cake, 
made of rice flour, eU. 

yl^o^ telluni (^5,), r. a. To 
winnow, sift. 
i6 telle, see ?S^. 

/as3N tellena, adi. Thinnish; ef. 

Jj^23* teval^, s. Desire, wish. 

2. attachment. 
J i^^okh^ teli^ntuni (^foO), v.n. 
To contract, shrivel. 2. to 
wither, grow thiu. 
i^ tell, see ie3. 
i^odoj^ teliyuni, ^^^ ;6e5odoo^. 
1^0=^0^ tenkuni, see ?3? 0=5^0^. 
1^0^ tenke, see ^^c^. 
I^=5^^oo^*r, i^^s^oo^F tski;- 
murki^, tekamurka, s. Cloying, 
palling, satiation. 
i^=a teka, see ^?-5. 
>/i^=^ teke, (^^'. Brimful, up to 
the brim only. -^5 about 
three quarter seer of rice. 
—2)5^0) to mete up only to the 
brim of a measure. 
Ji^T^^ teg^, s. Belching. 
^J^r\j^ teguni (^?K), z: n. To 

i^t^r^, t8ja, tejassi^, s. 
Lustre, light, splendour. 2. 
glory, fame. 


J^z3 teji 


l^d tere 

iee3 teji, s. A gift; c/. ?3eai. 
Ife3 teji, ^. A horse of superior 

breed, adj. Swift, fast. 2. 

sharp, as a knife. 
J^b^ teti^, J. The beard of grass; 
J c/. ^jsoAo. t?^".^ure, clear;) 

glaring, downright. — crooSo 

a tall man. — oSoo?? pure oil. 

-Tjo^o^ a glaring lie. 
J^lie;, i^sJ tetila, tetla, s. A 

kind of vegetable, Caladium 

1^^ tete, see eS?^^. . ^^^ 

i^c^Ojj tedayi, s. A base woman, 

i^cSi)05J tedayi, j-^^ ^ei:^. 
J^^i tedi, see ?6?a. 

i^cej, J^d tedu, tede, s. A slice, 
piece, as of a jack fruit ; cf. 

leci tede, s. A kind of fish. 

6_, ^ocXoe5_ are its differ- 
ent species. 

i^rlsjoo^Oj tedemullu, ^. A kind 
of tree. --t^diiF the fruit of 
the same, 
jj^a tedi, s. A day of the solar 

ies^orrsoSij tepang^ayi, see ^^o 

i^siorio^ tepangely, s. Any 
article with an inclined sur- 

"^tltM^^ tepakallv, s. A polishing 
stone, whetstone. 

J i^^tj"^ tepane, s. Rubbing, polish- 
ing, as a precious stone. 

-ii^sjd tepale, s. A kind of trough 

or bucket used for watering 

trees, etc. 
-i 1^^ tepu, s. Rubbing, whetting, 

polishing, as a precious stone. 

— ^^ a polishing stone; a 

corundum. — a^t5 a polisher. 

_3ieJO30 a whetting board, -^i 

^4^) to polish, cut, as a 

precious stone. 
Ji^^^tepuni (^e), 7'. «. To throw 

water with a bucket or 
\ trough. 2. to 

rub, polish. 
I ^20^ tebate, see ^2oa 
l^sJo3ri tematige, see €e^a^. 

Ji^s^Or^, i^^j^^ temana, temana, 

s. Loss in assaying metals, 

waste caused by rubbing or 

polishing metals. 

l^^jOoj, 1^53 J temayi, teme, see 

t^oid teya, ^^^ ^c^^- 
Jl^D^ teri^, ^. An idol-car. 2. the 

car-festival. — ^j^a^o) to draw 

a car in procession. 
J^D* teriji, i". Bark, rind, peel. 

^oi to peel, bark, flay, ^^d- 
the peelings of cucumber. 
Jj^do^ terante, s. A centipede, 
i^D«)eJ terata, s. A car festi- 
i^^^^i teru, see ieS. 
i^d ter6, see ^e5. 
4 J^dddod tereda-mara, s. The 

i^Tir terga 


^jsri to^a 

marking-nut tree, Semecarpus 
^/J^/ir^ tergade, s. Settlement; 
conclusion ; acquittal. 2. 
passing, as an examination. 

t^fj'T terpe, s. Mire sticking to 
a plough. 

Mt^^'p^ terbidi, s. The street 
through which an idol-car is 
drawn; the car-street, 
-i J^:^;^ telij, see M^. 

i'^2;"s^?j telavuni, see ^^4^. 
-ii?-^j^ teluni (^?^), r. n. To 

J l?sg tevu, s. A kind of yam, 
Arum colocasia\ Calladium 
J J^^^ tel^, ^. A scorpion. — Xooa 
the hook of a chain, to which 
a coin etc. is suspended. — so^ 
^0?) a scorpion to sting. 

i^ tei, see ^y 

Jv^S teinati, ^. Being in one's 
charge or care. 2. a peon 
attending on a superior offi- 
cer; an orderly. 
-/iioj^ teipini, ^^^^ -^Ih^. 

J^Ofl teirane, ^^^ ?5j^-dE?. 

i)^Oo^ teiruni, ^£?^ ^Sodoo^. 

i^e^* teili^, s, A money bag, 

t^, i^ teila, telle, s. Oil, 

i^^?o teilasa, see ^^^^7i. 

1^© teili, ^^^ ^^^• 

ij?)o=^ tonke, ^. Void, vacuum. 

-iij?)or^, iJ5 oi^s3^ tonge, tong-el^, 
s, k cluster of blossoms; 
a bunch of fruits, etc. 
ijsoti tonde, see ^ood 2. see 


iJSod^a^o tondekalpu, ^. The 
northern frontier of the Tulu 
land. ijscil^eJOvc^j g>);d7^jsef^^ 
^i^^ ^ix>y. ;^j^j 6^^ the Tulu 
country extends from Tonde- 
kalpu down to the ford of 
tJt-QCi^'^ tondtini, see ^jac^^. 
JjSod^ tondappe, s. A tadpole. 

-VijSodd tondare, s. Entangle- 
ment, confusion. 2. perplex- 
ity, annoyance, trouble, vexa- 
tion. 3. misfortune, distress. 

-jiJScdOc^ tonduni (ijsoS), v. a. 
To work hard, labour; cf. 

Jj3odoOo, Jj3odJ3Co tonduru, 
tondoru, s. A baking pan; a 
copper vessel for baking cakes 
by steam. 

"^iJSocS tonde, ^.'^'. Big, distended. 
— sooeS a big belly, -^o a 
tadpole. -<3ts^ a kind of 

7 ijsozod tombara, ^^". Abundant, 
much. ad7!. Heartily, freely. 
—^s^t^^^i to eat heartily. 
iJ3ow«)=s^ tombak^, see ^oeas^. 

JIjsosSo tomme, s. The lobe of 

the ear. 
-iiJSriD, ijsrid togari, togare, 

s. The pigeon-pea, Cajanus 

ijsri tog: a 


^J^d^ toddu 


indicus. -s5e^, _ ?d£JsO50 doll, 
split pigeon-pea. 
Jjsris:^ togal^, see ^7(6. 
iJSriJSD togori, ^d?^ ^jsXb. 
iJ3t;io^* tojank^, ^^^ ^a^c^. 
iJ32si=^, ijstsi^^ tojake, tojakade, 
^. Malice. — s^Diiio^ to talk 
maliciously; to give vent to 
>/^iJSe3 tojji, s. 'itching, scratcli- 
ing. 2. the scum of water, 
collected into bubbles. 
VtJ^U toti, s. An old woman. 
V JJS^ tote, ^. An old man. 
JiJ^U. totti, s. A bucket, trough, 


-/isisli o^ tottil^, ^. A cradle, cot. 

— ^-S-^j a bat. —^Doi a large 

kind of butterfly, ^^o'^o^ 

to rock a cradle. 

-^ iJS^o, tottu, ^.-'The stem or 

J stalk of a leaf <9r fruit. >/2. 

the nipple of a breast. 
Vlj^yj-c^, iJS^J^c^o^ tottuni, tot- 
tonuni (^j»^i ^jsBjs^Fs), ^. ^. 
To embrace, hug, hold fast; 
cf. ^^js,r®o^. 
■^ Jjs^totte, ^.-^A basket made of 
cocoanut leaves, h. a honey- 

comb ; cf. 


kind of crane. [trough. 

ijsL3^o5j totrayi, s. A wooden 
iJ3^ d totlale, ^. A child in the 
cradle ; also Sji>^^2j^6. _^e 
^» a wife to return to her 
husband's house, with the 
new-born child. 

-^iJS:3*c:3 tod^mbe, s. A cluster 
of flowers. 
iJ3^o^^ todank^, s. A clasp, 

iJ3d^ todaki^, s. Entanglement; 
obstacle, hinderance. 
-'^jsdno^ todaguni (^js^K), 7'. n. 
To begin, commence. 2. to 
•''iJSdrio^ todagelii, ^. Beginning, 
Jjssidoci todamane, ^. Entertain- 
ing a son-in-law 6^^ a mother- 
in-law for the first time. 
VjjSo^D^, ijsdcJo todar^, todaru, 
s. Entanglement, obstacle. 
|j5dd todale, s. The funeral 
dinner. 2. hardship, trouble. 
^rf ^0^ food earned with 
Jj3(^ todi, see SjnTi^. 
•^tJz)Q>f\ todig:e, ^.'^ Clothes, dress. 
2:^ ornaments. 3. avidity, 
tj^zi:^, ijss^o^Se^^ todu, toduvely, 
s. Greediness. ij^Tio-^^ a 
greedy man. 
ijssi tode, see ^iS. 
-^iJS^og^ todepuni (^js^), 7-. a. 
To anoint. 2. to paint. 3. 
> to smear, rub. 
iJ^d^DV^ todeval^, s. A bubo, 
-i ^JSc^j ;:j todduve, j. -'A large bee. 
2.^a beehive, honeycomb. 3. 
a lump of musty flour, -^w^ 
^ to build a beehive; to be- 
come musty. ~-^^oi to ex- 
tract honey from a beehive. 

Jjszl todde 


JjS53, tolke 

-ii^d todde, s. A large kind of 
bee. 2. its hive; c/. ^j^ri^^. 
ij^d& toddel^, s. Greediness. 
><^ 2^a large bee. 
iJS^ © toddeli, see ^jh^^. 
iJS3ls3, iJt^^S toddele, todtele, 

s. A greedy man. 
Ijs^?^ todtini, s. A greedy 
J iJ3^j^ tottu, ^. A maid servant. 
>jij?)ds3 todale, ^. A stammerer. 
ViJSd^ todale, ^. Stammering. 

2. indistinct pronunciation. 

3. untruth. — sjsi-do^ to stam- 
mer; to lisp; c/. rfcdejJS). 

ij?)ds)o=^d todunkara, see B^o'^-d. 

tJ^zi^of\)p^ todungeiliji, s. Long- 
ing, eagerness. 

iJSdo^ todupu, s. A vain hope 
or desire. [odw^. 

Jjssj^^o3)c^ toppalipuni, see ^^o 

iJSoj, toppi, ^. A cap, hat. 

ij3o^ toppu, see ^^. 

Jjjso^j^ toyali, s. A washer- 

iJSO^Jog^ toyipuni, see ifjs^^^. 

iJSO^j^ toyila, see ijs^^. 
Aij3o2)o© toy Hi, ^^^ ^jsorfo^. 

ij3d tor a, ^^^ ?^^^. 

ijsdoTV^ torang^, ^^^ ^t^ooX. 

ij3G=^ torake, s. A large flat 
seafish, a skate, thornback. 
33^^-, h^- different species of 

Jjsbri tor age, see ;6jst5^. 

ijsdra torana, see ^ji^-d^. 

ViJSdo^)^ torapuni, v. a^To wash 
superficially.' 2. to flatter. 
3. to heal a disease by incan- 
tations, fumigation, eUr, also 

|jsd© torali, see e^-^'?. 
-/ijsdd torale, ^. The mucus of 
the nose. 
IjsOoS^) toripuni, see ija^r^i. 
-^iJ^6D^ torely, s. Abandonment. 
^'tj^6^^ torevuni (^jst5), v. a. To 
abandon, give up. 
Jj3=3*rC)OJoo^ torkaliyuni, see ?3js 

|j?)=g^jr^ torkuni (^js^r), ^. a. To 

play. 2. .y^^ ?6ja=5^or^. 
Jj3=^r^^ torkely, .y^<? ^;s=^f^. 
-'iJS^r torpu, .s*. A kick. 
J^Z^F^ torpuni (^js^), ^. a;. To 
kick. 2. to tread. 
iJ35;^o23 tolymbe, see ^jsoood. 
iJSe;or( tolanga, ^^^ ifjae^oK. 
JiJS^rio^ tolaguni (^Jse^K), z'. n. 
To depart, move away; to 
leave, forsake, desert. 
iJS ^Dzp) toladhari, ^. A weigher. 
Vijs©=^ tolike, .y. The skin, bark, 
iJ5) ^00=3^0 J) tolunkuni, see ^e)o 

iJ5ooo23 tolumbe, s. A bunch, 

-i Jjs^od toluve, s. A hole. — ^ja? 

rio^ to bore a hole. 
ij3s3 tole, .y. The weight of a 

rupee. 2:'a beam, log. 
ijsdo^ tolkelyi, see ;^.^t?r^. 


iJ3^0^ tolpu 


Jjs^Gc) toda 

-J fj^^d^P tolpuni (^js^), V. a. & n. 
~^To prick. 2. to open, as a 
boil. 3. to split, as a tender 
cashew nut. 

iJe)s;o tollu, s. Substance, pro- 
perty. -=5^01^0^^ to dissipate. 

iJ5e;Jc^ tolluni (^-^^), "o.a. To 
pluck out, as hair, feathers, 
-ijjS^z§ tolaci, see ^ejel. 

iJ5^o23, ijs^oo23toliinbe,toluin- 

be, see M^^^o"^. 
•liJS^O^ tolil|^, ^. Trade, business. 

J^JS^o tolu, s. A hole, adj. 
iJS^oo^o^ tolunkuni, ^^^ ^^o 

^J5S? tele, ^^^ ^J3e3. 

;iJ2 S?)tolke, ^^^ sSjseeS, ^jaeS^. 

^j?)^o,?i tolluni, ^^^ ^^e^ ^. 
J Jjs|, telle, see -&si>^c>^. 

J ^J^^^> toipuni (=^^j,), 2^. ^.^To 
J strike, beat. ^2. to wash, as 

ij?Ho20j toimbu, adj. Large, tall. 
2. fat, stout. 

tSi^p^ toil^, s. Plenty, abun- 

Jjs^otS'o tonku, see ^jse^o. 

;|js^o^o^ tonkuni, see i^eos'o^. 

JjS^o^ tonkfe, see eBjso^, ij3o^. 

;iJS^o=^s;'^ tonkel^, see ^e^?. 

Jjs^ori tonge, j^^ ^jho-R. 

iJS^ozS tomb^, ^^^ Tiaoax). 

^JS^oZOJF tormbu, .y^^ ^TijoaDo. 

iJS^T^o toku, s. Danger, risk. 
J J2. collision. 

^JS^^oe^j tokulu, see ijs^^^jseJo. 
Jij^^'g', iJ3^=^o^ toke, tokely, ^. 
A slope, declivity. ^^'. Se- 
cluded, retired. 
ij5^=^.?e;j tokolu, s. A kind of 

|JS^^15.^ tokkale, ^^^ ?3j3^re3. 
JiJS^23'353)2:) tojavuni, c. v. (of 

ijs?aio^) To show, point out. 
v/jjs^ido^ tojuni (^j?>?^), ?:'. ;2. To 
appear, be seen. c. dat. To 
seem, think. ^s^^'btoS^f^^ht^ 
to disappear, vanish; to 
-/iJ3^&i tota, s. A garden, orchard, 
plantation. — crooSo a garden- 
er, planter. ?R)^ a coffee 
plantation. ®D-5rf— a cocoa- 
nut garden. 
■^ivJSfli toti, s. A scavenger; 

a sweeper. 
-^iJS^Uri totige, ^. A class of 
Brahmins, working in planta- 
iJS^eJo totu, see eSjseWo. 
JjS^c^ toda, J. Faintness exhaus- 
tion. 2. see ^jaeTl). _ eoj^-do^ 
to be exhausted. 
>/JjS)^r^cris;^ todangel^, adj. Scoop- 
ed, burrowed. 
ij^^c^^odoSj todamarayi, s. A 
trough scooped out of a single 
log of wood. 
^J3^C3c)53c^ todavuni, c.v. {pf^^^ 
^n) To cause to dig, to have 

iJS^c^o todu 


^okl^ tountu 

i iJ^^zLi todu, s. A drain, sewer, 
gutter. 2. a brook, water- 
course, canal. 
Vijs^djc^ toduni (^^eS), ■:'.«. To 
dig, burrow, mine. Xo^^— to 
dig or sink a well. 

ij5^5^^ todtini, see ^j?>^^. 

ijti^£^ tona, see :^er®. 

ijt.^^ totra, ^^^ t.^^^. 

iJS^sjrs topana, j. A drain or 
opening on the border of a 
garden to let out rain water ; 
c/. A^^7:>^. 

iJ^^h topi, see ^js^^. 

J iJl^^ topu, s.^A grove, clump 

of trees. 2. a cannon, vs. a 

^ red coloured cloth. ^^y.4led. 

— ^?'5 a female's garment of 

red colour. 

iJ^^tiO^ topeli^, see i.^?t3. 

JjS^g, iJS^jOj topra, tobra, ^. A 
gram-bag for horses. 

ija^Eo toba, j. A fault, crime. 
-ijseEO e?ib^ to be harassed, 
or defeated. ~t,r^^ to plead 

iJse^S, isftezSo^ tobe, tobeli^, ^^*. 
Big, large. -soc^ a pot- 

^si^^zS^ toma, .y^^ jSis?^. 2 . ;6js^e^. 

ijs^sjod tomara, s. An iron crow. 
2. an arrow. 3. a javelin. 

ijs^o^j toya, ^. Water. 
-^ ^J?)^o5o^^ toyipuni, see ^j^I^^^. 
-^ Jjs^d tora, s. Stoutness, thick- 
ness, adj. Thick, stout, large. 

Jjj?)^;:5r3 torana, s. A festoon of 
leaves, flowers, efc. hung over 
a doorway or across the 
highway, a triumphal arch. 
— 5Bj^^ to put up a triumphal 

JiSi^O'i, ijS^OT^ torike, torig^, s. 
Appearance, show, exhibition. 

y^js^do toru, s. Leaking. 

yjjs^do^ toruni (^js?^), z'.n. To 
leak, ooze, run. 2. see i-seS^o?). 
ij^^^o tolu, see i-se^o. 
7iJ3^^o^^ tolpuni, ^^^ ?^^. 

iJS^STs^ tovale, ^. A cultivator, 

-/ivO^sS tove, J. Boiled pigeon- 

ij^^^ tosha, ^. Joy, delight, 

^js^^ia^c^, iJ5^?5"3 fS toshekhane, 
toskhane, ^. A treasury. 

IjS^^ toli^, ^^^ ii.^e^o. 

-^iJS^^ tolyi, .y.^he arm. 2.'^a 
^ wolf; also ^js^^^a. _80(*; 

strength of arm. ~^b-R an 

ornament worn on the arm. 

_83?aio^ to wave the arm. 
ijsr^on^ tolang-^, s. Shaking of 

the arm. 
ijse^o tolu, s. A beam. 
Ij?^^ tole, J^^ ^Jse^. 
IjSv- toi-, ^^^ ^/^^ ^J3^^. 

3^- tou-, ^^^ '^^- 

3^oL;j?i tountuni (s"^cO), ^. ^, 
To shake, wave. 


J^^o touku 


vB.S^JS trisu 

S^^j touku, see ^e^^. 
3^23 touji, ^^^ ^^^. 
s^d touda, see s"^t^o. 

3^:^or^ toudange, The creeper 

Asparagus sarmentosus 
.^'^^dotoudu,^. Bran, husk. — eoor® 

brown, ruddy colour. — ^o 

zSjsa a kind of viper. 
3^3^0/iJ3e^ toudugoli, ^. A kind 

of wild fig tree. 
3^3 touti, see t^^. 
s/s^l toute, s. A cucumber. 

^ 3^do^ touruni (^"^^), ^^ ^. To 

strip off, as the leaves of a 

tree etc.^ to remove. 
s^oior, ^do tourya, ^. Music. 
3^0, s^^ touli, touli, ^^^ 2^4e3. 
3^r3 trana, ^. Power, strength, 

ability. — tooSo a strong 

SD.r5€ tranike, ^. A strong man. 
s^o^ trasij, s. A balance, pair 

of scales. 
3^)^ trahi, imperat. Nourish, 

protect (poetic). 
A=5*dj trikadu, ^. A medicine 

composed of three ingredients 

3j=aC!r9 trikarana, s. Thought, 

w^ord and deed. 
^^yse; trikala, s. Morning, noon 

and night. 2. past, present, 

and future tenses. 
3j'^j^^r9 trikona, s. A triangle. 

adj. Triangular. 
priors triguna, s. The three 

qualities, i.e.^ truth, passion, 

and ignorance, adj. Three- 
fold, treble. 

^t3-305o trijayi, s. A third part. 

^jvS^oJo tritiya, adj. Third, -s 
2?^ the instrumental case. 

vl^asj tridiva, ^. Heaven. 

^c^^^o trinama, ^. The secta- 
rian mark worn on the fore- 
head by Vaishnavaits. 

vB^^^ triphala, s. Three kinds of 
fruits, i. e. e5e3 , ^eS , sdo>§^oso, 
used in medicine. 

;^2;jjdF^ tribhuvana, s. The three 
worlds, heaven, earth and 

^^od trimara, s. A holy tree; 
also ^'do^'d. 

^"^ShhT trimurti, s. The Hindu 
triad, Brahma Vishnu, and 

sB^oJ?;^ trimula, s. Three kinds 
of medicinal roots. 

Ao3j^^ triyeka, adj. Triune. 

sl.Oorl trilinga, ^. The three 
genders, namely : masculine 
feminine, and neuter. 

sB,53j5^=j^ triloka, sec ^j^ot^?^. 

^ 'd'AT trivarga, s. The three 
human objects, namely: love, 
duty, and wealth. 

^ t^i"^ sSo trivikrame, s. A name 
of Vishnu. 

3 ^qJ trividha, s. Three kinds, 
^c//'. Threefold. 

3 Sjd trivude, ^. A kind of metre. 

3 2iJ3^ trisula, s. The trident of 

ie^ tret a 


do=^«^ dankyu 

J^^odoori tretayuga, s. The 
second or silver age of the 

=3ro treilokya, see B^^^ 


;^=5S tvakk^, s. The skin; the 
rind, bark, as of fruits, trees, 

;^D^ tvarita, s. Haste, speed, 

q^ tha, The thirtieth letter of 
the alphabet. 

^7^d thagi^de, see ^K^. 

qS^^e; thatala, s. The sound of 
an unexpected slap. 

qS^ thattij, see ^0^. 

q^y fS thattane, see ^«^^. 

dei, thatti, ^^^ ^^.• 

q^kJo^ri thattuga, see ^uJjX. 

qS^^d^ thattetarak^, s. House- 
hold furniture. 

q^d thara, see ^tj. 

qj^ thala, see ^^. 


q^s^qS^ thalathala, see ^"s^^^. 
qTSoLb^ thantuni, ^^^ -^c^i:)^. 
qi^^j thatu, ^. Gaiety, mirth, 

qreyj?^ thatuni, see ^oyo^. 
qrs^ thate, ^^^ ^^. 
q38)do^ thaduni, see ^Tk)^. 
qss)^ thade, s. An ox that gores. 
q3e)cl thane, ^^^ ^r®. 
qje)?:^ thasa, ^. Heat, burning. 

2. inflammation, fever. 3. 

anguish, distress, 
jp^^ thedi, J^^ ?3ea. 


cj da, The thirty-first letter of 

the alphabet. 
c5o dam, see croSo. 
c^o=aDSj^ dankavuni, c, v. (of rfo 

^0^) To cause to kick, etc, 
do^o^oo^ dankiyuni, see s^o^on^. 
JCJo'S'j^i dankuni (^o^), ^. a^.VTo 

kick, or throw with the foot, 

as a ball. 2. to despise, treat 


with contempt. 3. to flaunt, 
strut. c^o^S sjD^T^Ooi to speak 
defiantly. sSd^r— to mock at 
fear. §o5aJj?)^os?^ rfo=^-5 e?do5 
elders should not be despised. 
do=aOo^ dankyuni (^o^), ^.?2. To 
crow lustily, as a cock. 2. 
mucus to discharge from the 
nose ; to suffer from catarrh. 

rfon* da,ng^ 


dio^ dandi 

dors^ dan^^, s. The arm. 

cjori danga, ^^^ z^o^. 

don«)aj^ dangapini, see under 

-idone)5j^ dangavuni, cv. (o/ ^o 
Ao^) To cause to bend, bow. 
doA dangi, see zio-R. 

-IrfoA, cJoAa dangi, dangidi, adj. 
Bent, inclined, -"s^'rf a bent 
tree, sj^odo— bent with age ; 
old, infirm; cf. ^07(0^. 
dortj dangu, see rfoK. 
adorio^ danguni (j^^K), v.n. To 
bend, incline, 
doridange,^. Rebellion, mutiny. 
-■^j<s<j^^, -ej?ri)j4^ to rebel. 

vl Ciorio* dangel^, adj. Bent, in- 
clined, s. Bending, inclina- 

-i do^ dant^, s. The stalk of cer- 
tain grains and vegetables. 
2. any pot-herb, i\, spinage, 

doe3c)53j^ dantavuni, c. v. (of t:^o 
w^^) To cause to stumble, 
trip. 2. to give offence. 
J do^^ dantuni (rfoO), v. n.Ho 
stumble, v. a. To throw with 
the foot, as a ball. rfoOS 
eojsTi^o^ to stumble ; to be of- 

Ado^ dant^, s. A walking staff, 


doC3* dandyi, s. A spring of water. 

-^2. an army. -Beqir a sacred 

bathing place near Udapi. 

— ctojSo a soldier. — jrocdo^ a 

general, ^)s5rf_ a spring of 
water. — ^Ho^^ to levy an 
army. .-7dD?\odoo^ to go to war. 
^doC5^ dand^, .y.^The stalk, as of 

J a plantain leaf. 2Van oar, 
paddle. — s3e"do^, — 13^^^ to row, 
Jdoc^ danda, ^.'^A staff, stick; also 
J rfoTS^js^eJo. 2.-J punishment, 
fine. 3. obeisance, salutation; 
also rfo-rf^§ . 4 /loss, waste. 
—'^^^ an ascetic's staff. — craoSo 
a worthless fellow. —^^B 
polity; ethics. ~^h^ to be- 
come worthless; to be wasted. 
—^ja^r^ to pay fine or dam- 
ages. —Tki^^^ to waste. 

dod=a dandaka, s. A sort of 
metre. 2. the name of a 
forest mentioned in the 

do:^^ dandane, i". Punishment, 
pain, torment. ^^^~ penance, 

z^oviT^ dandas^, s. A black- 
smith's tongs; a large pair of 

do^ dandi, s. A mace-bearer. 
2. an ascetic. 

do^T^ dandige, ^. A kind of open 
palanquin. 2. a palanquin 
pole. 3. a sunbeam. 
\ do^o^^, do(^Jdj^ dandipuni, 
dandisuni (3^0^), 7'. d;. To 
punish. 2. to mortify, as the 

do^oi3-e>4c^ dandiyavuni, c. v. (of 
uiocioiw^) To cause to stretch 

do^ dandi 


rfodoo dammu 

out the hand, as by offering 
to give something, to offer; 

also ziozs^n^^. 
do^oj.o^ dandiyuni (aoa), v. a. 
To put forth, stretch the hand 
to receive anything; also ^o 

dorl daude, s. Ornament worn 
on the arm. 2. a dam, mound, 
bank, bar. 3. the back of a 
pial. — -^"d a log of wood 
placed across the brink of a 
well to stand upon. 

do^o dandye, see ^oT^-R. 

cjo^ danta, s. A tooth, tusk. 2. 

do3^s^s?, cJovl dantavale, danti, 
s. An elephant. 

cio^o dantya, adj. Dental. 

diot,^ dampati, s. A married 
couple. 2. a household. -^^, 
see xs^otj^o. —^A adoration 
or honour paid to a married 

do2o damba, see 'do2^. 2. see rfo^. 

CJoioli dambati, see ^o2oy. 
v/do2o^f^ dambadige, s. Delight, 
pleasure. 2. love, good will. 
3. acquiescence. 4. persua- 
sion. — "sId^o^^, see rfosoa^^. 

;::oOq^ dambadipuni, dambadiyuni, 
dambadisunl (sioeoa), z'. ^. To 
please, delight. 2. to recon- 
cile, appease, bring to acquie- 
scence. 3. to persuade, con- 
diozctd dambade, see ^oeow. 

doEoc^Oo^ dambadyuni, see rfoso 

rfo20v|, dambatti, see rfozsa. 
u^oi^o dambila, see ^o^<^. 
do 200 dambu, see zio-^o. 
dozoj^ dambudi, s. A pie. 
cjosoo^, cJoeuJS^dambuli, dambo- 

li, s. A thunder bolt. 
ycJo25 dambe, s. The hollow slip 

of a palm ^r bamboo used 

as a drain. 
do^3o^ dambeli^, see ^o^6. 
rfoEjJ dambha, see ^o^. 
dodo damma, ^^^ qi^r. 
/do do damma, ^^'. Left. 2. ^^^ 

^o3o a left-handed man. 
dodooJ, dodoOJooJ dammante, 

dammayante, see crf^odooS. 
dodoo:jo dammaya, s. An humble 

mode of entreaty; craving 

mercy or indulgence ; also 


-3df^^ to crave 

mercy. —^j^Ti.^oi to entreat, 

importunate, dun. 
dodsrao"' dammar^, ^^^ c3d^5. 
dodJc)6 dammar e, ^^^ 2io^j?)T3. 
dodoo dammu, ^. Breath, hard 

breathing. —^p^tjI gymnastics. 

-^wo^^ to hold one's breath; 

to be silent, -^^o^^ to hold 

one's breath, —zi^-do^ to die. 

— goo^v^^ to breathe; to sigh. 

—Tixi'So^^ to breathe in. —"^l 

^^) breathe hard; to smoke. 
dodoj^ dammudi, see rfosooa. 



dri dagga 

do^ damshtra, ^. A tusk, fang, 
large canine tooth. — ^u;)^ 
a person having projecting 
teeth; a demon so called. 

do 2^ J do?^ dainsa, damsa, s. A 
gadfly. 2. a bee. 3. see ^^o7i. 

D^^a^ dakkudikka, adv. Soon, 

"^ • 11 

d^ dakka, ^. Trouble. -<S5^0J^) 
to get into trouble. 

d^,3 dakkati, i". Possession, con- 
trol. 2. appropriation. 3. di- 
gestion, —^h^ to be appro- 
priated; to be digested. 

du=^ dakka, s. Weight. 2. Diffi- 
culty. — a?^^ to place a weight 
upon anything; to press; to 

d^sJc^ dakkavuni, c. v. {o/t^'^^^ 
^) To cause to throw, expel. 
v. n. To place a weight upon 

CQOc^ dakkavonuni, refl. v. 
{of ^'s^^^^) To retain, digest 
anything eaten. 2. to mis- 
appropriate successfully. 3. 
to carry a load or burden. 
4. to take charge of. 

d^^ dakkita, see n^^^j^. 

d^s^j,^ dakkuni {^^^, v. a. To 
cast out, throw away, expel. 
2. to reject ; also ci^o^cl)^. v. n. 
see rfs'oj^. ci^^S^eb^ to be 
thrown away, lost. e3a_ to 


dt^ dakke, s. 


A quay, pier, 
2. see ci^.. 

d^sJ5,v^ dakkoti, see c^^^B. 

d=ff^^^ daksavuni, ^. ^. (o/^^^^ 
o)) To bring into another's 
possession, tj. a. To defend, 
retain, or appropriate to one's 
self what belongs to another; 
also ci^3^4/sr^o^. 

ty^^ daksuni (^^), ^'. n. To 
be retained, digested, as food 
medicine, etc. 2. To be mis- 
appropriated successfully. 

d?T^^ dag^di, s. A rogue, im- 
postor. 2. a termagant, vixen. 

tij\ daga, see ^:R. 

drlfl dagane, s. An amazon, 
masculine woman, adj. Bold, 
masculine. 2. ill-tempered. 
— srooso an aggressive or quar- 
relsome tongue or temper. 
-zSiirSri, drieorl dagadaga, dagaba- 
ga, adv. Brightly. -esejor^ 
to blaze. 

^6 dagare, s. A funeral drum; 
also dX-36jt^<sjo. 

drio^erosu dagal^baji, s. A rogue, 
cheat, impostor. 2. roguery, 
dishonesty, imposture. 

dr1e3 dagale, s. A coat; livery. 
-z:;tTio^ to put on a livery. 

u^riT^ dagasy, s. Corn, grain in 

r^A dage, s. Deceit, trickery, 
imposture. — t^t?, _3;)o3o a 
deceiver, impostor. —Tioo^^^to 
deceive, cheat; to disappoint. 
■^uSri, drlfS dagga, daggane, ad7J. 
Suddenly, -^^of^ to blaze 
up suddenly. 

tJ2^ dacca 


cJC5^ daddu 

cjz^ dacca, see zi^. 

de^ cl daccane, see ^^^. 

dtio^) dajjuni, see rf&for^. 

v/dy data, s. Thickness. 2. coarse- 
ness. 3. closeness. adj. 
Thick, stout, coarse. 2. close. 
d^-so^j^oo^ datayisuni (^^oao 
cJ), ^. ^. To fix, make firm. 

/dl3 datti, ^. A waist-band. 

^deioJoj^, cJ^o^^c^ dattiyuni, dat- 
tyuni (^^)i '^. <3;.^To rub out, 

^ obliterate, wash off. v. n^To 
be dense, crowded. 
dci^ dad^jL, see rfS 



dad^kiji, adj. Coarse. — ^ocuo 

a coarse cloth. 
dCo^^Ci^ dadi^Jaddi^, s. Callosity. 

adj\ Callous. 
dd dada, s. A shore, bank. 
Jd^=^ dadakka, adv. Suddenly. 

_aoj3-do^ to fall suddenly. 
vidddd dadadada, ^. The noise of 

fast walking or talking. — ^^ 

4^ to walk very fast. — sj^^ 

■do^ to speak or talk rapidly. 
dr^2od, d^i^j^ dadabada, dada- 

badi, ^. Rapidity, hurry ; c/. 
y/ zSddTi. 2/the noise of falling 

suddenly. —^^ hurry, haste. 

_c3dd3o a bouncer, blusterer. 

— 20js-do^ to fall suddenly. 
dc^o^ dadali^, adj. Talkative, 

loquacious, —erooso loquacity. 
4dd53 dadale, see rfa^. 
Jddsjci dadavante, ^. A strong, 

powerful or influential man. 

Jfecs^da dadadadi, adj. Quick, 
active, smart, adv. In hot 

d^ dadi, s. A speck in the eye. 
2. anger, rage. 3. see c^^. 
4. see o^. — 20js-do^ to have a 
speck in the eye. -s3jsWo^^ to 
stamp the ground with the 
Jzi^'i dadike, s. A kind of rash, 

d^^c^, daoJoo^ dadipuni, dadi- 
yuni (^^), ^'.^- To drive away. 
2. ^^^ s^ab^i. 
Jd^^ dadila, ^^^'. Suddenly, -"si^ 

aot3j^ to drop suddenly. 
Vddjzor^j dadubadu, see zizi^^^zi. 
<-^d dade, ^."^An obstacle, hinder- 
ance. 2A. screen, blind. 3. 
a charm. 4. a scaffold, plat- 
form. 5. a roller, lever. 6. a 
weight equal to seven pounds. 
—^yo^oi to charm a serpent; 
to hinder by witchcraft. — e3 
^^ho^ to postpone; to come 
to terms. — ^ s:^t^o?> to lift 
upon a scaffold. — ^«o^r^ to 

dc3^ dadd^, s. Short stubble left 
in the ground. 2. worthless 

/ paddy. ^ . callosity, hardness, 
as of the skin of the palm 
from manual work, etc.^adj. 
Dull, stupid, idle; void. -"^ 
S a blunt knife. -^^ stu- 
pidity, idleness. -^t5o7\ in- 
dolent syphilitic ulcers. -© 
a bad kind of rice, --siwozl 

d>d dadda 


d4, dapta 

oso a kind of wild screw-pine. 

_^^re5ociJo^ an indolent sore 

to suppurate. 
Jt^d dadda, cidv. Suddenly; c/. 

T^Th^^. --^Ajj^^to fall suddenly. 
I Czi o^ daddali^, s. The tree Ca- 

reya arborea. 
t^Ti e^-S", daddalakki, s. An inferior 

kind of rice. 
-/c5^ daddi, s.^k stupid woman. 

d^ oioo^ daddiyuni, see T^acdro^^. 
*^ * ' / 

>/cJj| dadde, ^. A stupid fellow. 

J 2^ a sow. 

cjclj? © daddoli, s. The American 


ddf^ dadmena, ^. Sluggishness, 

torpor. 2. indigestion. 

Jcjrso^ danal^^i, ^. The sound of 

a bell. 

dr? dani, ^^^ z;^^^. 2. see q^^^- 

Jdc?=^ danike, ^. Fatigue, weari- 
ness, exhaustion. — e?^^ to 
become weary, fatigued, tired. 

JrfrJoS's^^ danipavuni, c. v. (of 
rfrSodoo^) To fatigue, weary, 
drJoio daniya, adj. Heavy. 

Jdr^oJoo^ daniyuni {^A), v.n. To 
be fatigued, tired, exhausted. 

s: 2. satiated, satisfied; alsc^ti 

Jdrao danu, s. Fatigue, weari- 
ness, exhaustion. 
d3^ dattv, ^' The left side. 

J C5|g datta, adj. Left. -^^ the 
left hand. 

d^ datta, ^. Adoption. 2. a 
gift. «^'. Given, presented, 
made over. 2. adopted. —^ 
ij, — TiiT^ an adopted son. 
— ^^?^Ti adoption. si^^ee3 a 
deed of adoption. — t^^o), 
-■^o^s^o^^ to adopt. 

d 3;5^3J oQ-^d dattapahara, ^. Taking 
back a gift. 

dig datte, ^. An adopted son. 

dij^ee3 dattoji, see ^^^^^^ 

tits^^^ dattole, see under rf£^. 

dduJ^ dadaluni (c^j^^), v. a. To 
give, distribute. v. n. To 
tremble. 2. to boast. 3. to 

d:S^c^ dadevuni (j^^), v. n. To • 
become hard, get stiff. \ 

Jddo daddu, s. The ringworm, 
herpes. — -si^S^ the shrub 
cassia alata. 

d(^ dana, ^^^ w^^^- 

d^ dani, see ^^. 2. ^^^ 4^ti. 

d?^o danu, <y. A daughter of 
Daksha. 2, ^^<j ^^^. 

dsJF^ dapana, i. Burying. --^ 
s^Ov^^ito bury, commit to earth. 

dsS, d^ dape, daphe, s. A turn, 
time. — c5^ every time, again 
and again, frequently. 

d33c32)d dapedare, see c^j^ctot?. 

d^D*^, d33;^D'' daptary, daptari^, 
J. A bundle of papers tied 
together in a cloth; records. 
—^28 an annual ceremony 
observed by merchants on 
closing their old and opening 

rih, dapti 


rfdJ?) dama 

their new accounts on the 1st 
day of Vikramaditya's era. 

dih^ dapti, see d^S. 
^c^ij^ dappa, s. Thickness, adj. 
Thick, stout. — =5'ooWo a thick 
or coarse cloth. 

do3) dappu, s. Occasion, conveni- 
ence, opportunity ; making 
room or forming an open file 
in a gathering of people. 

/§. ploughing. 3. an umbrella 

stripped of its leafy covering. 

^/cj^ ^ dappuni (J^), 7^.<:?. To plough. 

d^^ daphana, see c^x;?^. 

d^^C3^d daphedare, s. A head 
JD2o^ dabakka, adv. Suddenly. 
2. headlong. — eojsTJoa to fall 
suddenly. — e/sAOooi to jump 
down suddenly. 

diZdd dabade, s. A capacious 
leathern bottle. 
•Ideodzo dabadaba, s. Palpitation 
of the heart. -ei^AOo?) to pal- 

cJeoF^ dabana, see rfe^r®. 

diZ^6 dabare, s. A kind of brazen 
pot. 2. confusion, disorder. 

dzjdr^)^ dabardasti, see d^^B 

diZ^DC^d7<)d^^ cjersi^o^ dabayisuni, 
dabasuni (c^23soa3c3), z>. a. To 
menace. 2. to force. 3. to 
chide, frighten. 4. to stop, 
detain. 5. to keep under, 
press down. 

d^^ dabi, s. Sense. — ^^oi to 

lose one's senses, become in- 

rf^0 dabili, see ^sj^o. 

cjzoov^ dabuti, see rf^^. 

d200d?j* daburasij, see ^^as^rS. 

d^ooa daburi, s. Division of pro- 
fit. 2. a writer. 3.^^^^20o&. 

dzOjjD^ dabtari^, see d^6. 

de^ dabti, see d^B. 

dZA du?S dabbadabbane, see c^a^. 
^id^J,^^ dabbana, s. A bodkin, a 
large packing needle. 

deo.d^ud dabbaradibbara, ad/. 
Disorderly, confusedly. — sro 
^0^ to put into confusion. — sj^ 
ir^o^ to spoak incoherently. 

dz^ dabbi, ^^.^ ^23^ 

dtO,© dabbili, i-£^^ ^83,e5. 
4d£co, dabbu, ^.^A crack, break. 
2. i-^^? '^'^\^' 

tii^:)J^ dabbudi, s. The wicker- 
work of a cart. 

dm^ dabbuli, ^^^ ^eoo^a 
^/dd^dabbe, s. A splinter, slip of 


adj. Cracked, 

^/cJ23,S3^ dabbel^, s. A split, cleft, 

chink. <^<^'. Cracked, split. 
ds^jojoo3 damayanti, ^. The 

name of Nala's wife. 
dsdjs^^ dainaii\i, s. The large 

sail of a boat. 
ddJs^o damami, s. The noise 

of a drum. 
dsjje)rj* damasi^, ^. A stamper, 

beater, large wooden block 

dsjjs) dama 


rfa dari 

with a handle, used to level 
the ground. 
ddj??o damasa, J". Damask cloth. 

dsJoo=s='5)53)?^ damukavuni, c, v. (of 
rf^oo^o^), To cause bluster, 
tumult, noise. 

d^.ois^o^ damukuni, v. n. To 
bluster, storm, swagger. 

cj^o.o^j dammaya, see c^o-doodo. 

cjodo daya, s. Kindness, favour; 
compassion, pity, goodness. 
— aeb^ to favour, condescend, 
oblige, --s^o-^o^^ to honour 
with a visit; to give; to 
come ; to sit down ; to go. 

do^o?;lo?^ dayasuni (rfodo^), v. n. 
To suit, be fit. 

CJOdOc)=s'o dayakara, adj. Kind, 

doi3e)^^ dayanidhi, s. The trea- 
sure of kindness, God. 

cioijsdoi dayavante, s. A kind 
or generous man. 

dai3e)?Dc)rid dayasagara, s. The 
ocean of kindness, God. 

do^JS^o dayalu, adj. Kind heart- 
ed, merciful, compassionate. 
-:5e^5 the merciful God. 

dd dara, s. Price, rate. 

do dara, s. Fear, terror. 2. a 
hole in the ground. 

dd=5=«)d darakara, s. Power, 
authority; right. 

dd^"c)?j^, dc^3'c)?u^darakas^,dara- 
kast^, see ri?rorc3 . 

Mt^ daragv, see da-dK. 

ddc3 daraji, see ci^r. 

dcrs darana, ^. Bursting, split- 
ting. 2. see q^r®. 

Jddd::;daradara,^. A noise, sound. 
— -^^^^ to drag with a noise. 

ddzoC darabara, ^^-6/. Greedily, 
voraciously. — B^^ to eat 
voraciously ; cf. ^<izy6. 

dczo-SD^ darabar^, see rferor^. 

ddro?^ darasige, s. A kind of 

dO?o darase, .y. The day of the 
new moon. 

do dari, s. Coloured border of 
a cloth; cf. a^o. 2. a window 
blind. 3. railing. — ^jcu the 
peg of a railing; a wooden 
post to fasten a racing buffalo. 

rfOd daridra, adj. Poor, indi- 
gent. J. Poverty. ~^^ the 
state of poverty. 

dOd^ daridre, ^. A poor, desti- 
tute man. 

dD^^ daripuni (c^&), '^'. ^. To 
shudder, shiver, tremble (as 
a demon priest) ; cf. 8jq^^. 

do 0:^0 dariya, s. Tlie sea. — ssd 
rfSXc^ a small island off the 
coast of Udapi, called the St. 
Mary's Island. 

dOoi3«)ajj, dariyapti, s. Enquiry, i 
investigation, trial, exami- 
nation. ^-^^^^ to make an 

dDoJoj^ dariyuni (^Q), v.n. To 
break, burst, spring open; 
also rftl5^e^^). 

dOsJfd darisana, s. A necklace 
of shells. 2. see zi^F^. 

Md daru 


di^ dava 

cJOo daru, s. A door. 2. see ^^. 
ddora daruni, see ^t^pS. 

v/ddododo daruduru, «4/. I^o^^g^i 
coarse. — ^^^) to speak eva- 

cjdozjodo daruburu, ^. Sipping. 

ddo2^^ darusana, see c^^r?^. 

dd dare, ^. A fence, parapet, 
wall ; c/. SOT?, —zj^tzi^ to fence, 
raise a wall. [whole. 

ddjs^zo^o^ darobast^, «^'. All, 

cJ§e)rD* darkarij, see ^^w^-d. 

diWSFT^j rfsjsr^j^darkast^, dar- 
khastij, s. A tender for the 
cultivation of land; an offer 
for liquor contract. — "s^^o^o^o) 
to bid for a farm, elc. 

drir dar^a, s. A tomb supposed 
to work miracles. 

d2^F darji, s. A tailor. 

r!iti:ir^ darjuni (c^^f), ^. ^. To 

cjrsr darna, see zixi^. 
Jt^iFO^ darteli^, s. Breakage, 

what is broken. 
Vdird dartele, s. A striker, break- 
er; also^^f->F6] of. '^^F^. 

dlJSrrsoc^ dartonuni, refl. v. (of 
c^s^r^) To beat one's self in 
sorrow, etc. §>7(6K— to beat 
the breast; to mourn. 

di^F darpa, s. Pride, arrogance. 
—cDoSoaproud, arrogant man. 

d3Jrc9 darpana, s. A mirror, 
looking glass. 

cjo^r darpu, s. Swelling, inflam- 

Jdi^F^ darpuni {^B), z'.ayTo 

thrash, beat, strike, break. ^ 

z\ n. To swell, inflame, ^e; 

^^— to curse, anathematise. 

dzJDF:^ darbari;, s. An audience. 

2. an audience hall, a court. 

3. grandeur, pomp, ostenta- 
tion, show. 

Jz^2^F, CJE^F darbe, darbhe, s. 

Sacrificial grass, Poa cyno- 

ds^jF darma, see ^^or. 
rfoi3a)rl^ daryapti, see rfaodji)^. 

titF'^, tiTiF-^ darsana, darsana, .y. 

A vision, sight. 2. a visit, 

do dala, adj. Stout, strong, 

robust, thick, 
dos'scs*', dosTsa dalavad^, dala- 

vadi, see rf^s;)oaj. 

cjo^a daladi, s. Depth, adj. Deep. 

— ?ieS deep water. 
d^"c)p^, de^e)© dalal\^, dalali, see 

d© dali, J^^ ^^^ 

de;^ dallij, ^^^ c^S. 

do^©, d23"c)^ dallali, dallali, s. 

ro ' 00 

A broker, agent. 2. agency, 
commission, brokerage. 
d© ojj dalliya, ^. A foot-cloth. 

V dgodoo^ dalliyuni (^^), v. a. To 
slap, beat. \ 2. to smear. J^jae 
zlK ^ofi— to smear a wall 
with mud; c/. i^'dS. 

N/'ddd davade, ^. The jaw, cheek. 

d^rJ, ddfl davani, davane, s. A 
fixed term of payment. — 7^i5 


c^d dava 


rf?o, dasta 

one who pays by installments. 

_8aeO a written agreement 

fixing installments. 
cJs^rliw'O^ davanebally, s. A long 

rope to which cattle are tied 

in rows. 
rfdsB davati, s. An inkstand; 

also n'SS. 
j:jsjc^ davana,^. A kind of fragrant 

cisJD^ davar^, s. The flapping 

selvedge of a garment. — ^ 

ejj^ hemming the selvedge 

of a garment. 
ds^do davaru, ^^'. Loose. -^% 

^ loose breeches. 
>id^?o davasa, s. Produce of the 

field; corn, grain in general. 
C5S3?© davali, s. A peon's belt. 
CJsJj^j davudu, i\ Expedition ; 

march, speed. 2. a gallop. 
C^^d davude, sre s^^d 
d5j3 davuti, see zi^B. 
dsgCoh davurangfi, s. A loose 

jacket, long coat. 
dsjco davuru, .y^^ zi^-do. 
z^S dasa, ^^^w. Ten. —"^ tenth. 

—^^ ten kinds or sorts. 
dSOo dasami, ^. The tenth day 

of the lunar fortnight. 
dsJ^ojiS dasamukhe, s. Ravana 

the ten-faced giant. 
C^^Zj^Stjz) dasamula, s. A medi- 
cine composed of ten ingredi- 
rf^d^ dasarathe, s. The father 

of Kama. 

ds'Sori dasang^a, s. A composition 
of ten fragrant substances, 
used as perfumery. 

d3;5oS dasamsa, s. The tenth 
part, tithe. 

dse);j3'«)d dasavatara, s. The 
ten incarnations of Vishnu. 
— ^u a dramatic performance 
exhibiting puranic episodes. 

C^i> dase, s. Condition, fortune, 
luck, influence of the planets; 
c/. ^^. 

d^rfj^, d^^o^jo^) dasevuni, da- 
siyuni (^^, rf<^), 7j.a. To tread 
down, press in. 

d<^ojJO^) dashtiyuni (^^), ^. <^. 
To clean, as a slate. 

d;^ dasa, see zi^- 

d>7<iZJ^ dasabasa, see 20?320?i. 

i^i<tO dasari, s. A kind of striped 
linen cloth worn by Brahmin 
females when cooking or du- 
ring meals. 2. see rf:^. 

di^6 dasare, see rf^. 

d?j"e)0^ dasal^, see a:);dD^. 

J dro dasi, s. A painted palmyra 

d?3 dase, ^^^ cs^i ^^• 
d;^OJS^.*^ daseminiji, j. A kind of 

d?d,3* daskat^, s. A signature. 

_3j;)t1)?), — ^^j^^ to sign. 
d-/^ dast^, ^. A parole. 
d^ dasta, ^. A quire of paper. 

2. a pack of cards. 
d^u* dastaky, s. A passport, 

permit. 2. a summons. 

cj^j?^ dastu 


UDz^ dandi 

c5?^sPjjQ dasturi, s. Custom, usage. 

2. likeness, similarity. 3. 

a signature. 4. fees, duty, w 

zj^€~ postage 
d^^^Co, d;^i?j^c^ dasteivaji, da- 

stoji, s. A legal paper, 

voucher, document, exhibit. 

d?oo dasya, see ci^?i^^. 

C^7s>2n dasyu, s. A demon. 2. an 
enemy. 3. a barbarian. 

d^, d^ dasra, dasre, s. A popu- 
lar festival observed in 
honour of Durga for the first 
nine days of the lunar month 

d^, dasri, see ^7i^. 

d3oN dahana, s. Fire. 2. burn- 
ing, especially of a corpse. 
3. digestion. -soeD a burnt 

d3o^^ dahipuni (^^2o), 7-. «. To 
burn, consume. 
4 d^ dala, ^."^An army.l 2. bottom. 

3. the shore of a river, eU. 

4. the petal of a flower. 5. a 
4 fragment. ^^V Thick, stout, 

robust; •<:/■. 35^. — ^^jsGs^^ to 
foam, bubble up. n^^ ^^rio 
rf^ e?4/37<o it must be thick 
and stout. 

d^o^^ dalanki^, see 6ji>^c^. 
^ di'^o'i dalanke, adj. Large. ^2. 
loose. — ?fD3§ a loose bracelet 
or bangle. 

d°^2o^ dalabala, «^/. Thin, clear, 
/ lucid. 2vloose. 

M^Dd dalavada, .y. Artizan's 

tools. 2. an assembly of 
7 people. 3.^ an army. 
Jd°^S3^o5j dalavayi, s. The general 
of an army. 

dv^i^D dalasari, s. Strength, thick- 
ness, robustness. 

d^ dali, s. A line of reepers or 
splits of bamboos. 2. wooden 
<?r iron railings; e/, c^S. — ^ s^ 
^a a travellers' inn. — ^yo,^ 
to erect a frame work of 

d^ojo daliya, .?. A mode of puri- 
fying clothes on account of 
pollution from birth or death 
of a relative ; also CA)cf . 

d^^?^ dalena, adj\ Torpid, in- 
active, as the stomach. 

d^?^ dalmena, see ^e?^?:^. 

diS-r? dakshina, s. South, ad/. 

d-o-Ds-goJj^ dakshinayana, s. The 
sun's course south of the 

d=^ dakshe, s. A son of Brahma. 
^, C3e) da, /^/^. pron. What? 
which? c/. S3D. vcjD^ what? cjd 
o3oK why? zroe^D anything. 
zW/. A sound for calling 
Jz^Doi^o^ dautuni (crooO), 7j. a. To 
cross, ford, pass by; also 

C3Do^ dandi, ^. A stone-mark on 

the seashore. 
n^c^fi dandige, s. A strong, 

stalwart man. 


:3"5)oa dandi 


cj-s^o danu 

Jz3c)o^^od dandimara, see -^oh 

w^oh danti, neg. part. What is 
not; destitute; less. 3^?:;- 
uninhabited. i^^— fruitless. 
800^— senseless, imprudent. 
croe's croo^?n)o3o a man without 
means. odj?)^ crooS s§p;^or 
during my absence. 

C3t)oi dante, 7ieg. ger. Without, 
except, not being. ^e&^— 
without fear, fearlessly. 

u^o'^D danna, intg. pron. 
Whether. 2. I know not what. 
efoSo ^^?ro— I doubt whether 
he will do or not. ^94 ^A^ 
Z3^— I doubt (^ir I cannot say) 
whether it will happen or not. 

csDosJ^o dampatya, ^. Married 

C3s)oeoo^ dambuni, see ^^o^. 

C3t)=5^ dak^, see z^^. 

C3?)^Fv dakina, see to^c®. 

Z3e)SJO^, :3fi)iD23^ dakhali^, dakhi- 
1^, .y. Arrival. 2. entry in a 
book <?r register, —^h^^ to 
arrive; to be registered or 
put on record, as a petition, 
^/6\ —-^^^^ to make an 
entry; to file, register; to 

C3c)ajs3, cy5)a3 dakhale, dakhle, s. 
Demonstration, proof, docu- 
mentary evidence. —'iji)hF^ 
to give proof. 

Zii>r\^ dagi^, s. A scar. 2. dis- 
grace, infamy. 

C3e)ridJ5;t3 dagaduji, s. Repairs. 
—Tio^^^ to repair. 

C3->?ioaj dagayi, s. The left hand. 
■izTd^ dadi, J. The beard. 

n'z)^ dadi, ^. Harm, risk. 

C3e)C^j^ daduni, see ^^rij^. 
■^ C3e)j| dade, s. A tusk, fang. 

C3^3^ dati^, see ^^^o. 

nD3D^ datari, s. Protection, 
support. 2. see cro^. 

C3'33=^, C3"e)3ri datike, datige, j. 

A strong, courageous man. 

2. a thriving, prosperous 

23 c):^ J datu, see qro^o. 
ne)^x^ datri^tva, s. Liberality, 

C3e)i date, s. A generous ^r 

liberal man. 
ne)3e) D datvari, see cross 5. 
JcssdsJ dadavu, z^^/^. /r^;^. 

Which, what? 
c3c)c^ dana, ^. A gift, donation. 

—j^s^jr liberality, charity. — 3i 

^ a deed of gift. —-^j^tS gifts 

and honours. — ^ee^ generous, 

liberal. ~^j^hF^, _^^o^^ to 

bestow alms. 
Z5D^^ danave, s. A demon, 

UD^ dani, see trojS. 
n5)ci dani, J. A giver, donor. 

2, an elephant. 
C3r>f^o^ danuni, de/. v. What is 

to be done? cro?^o^ what are 

you doing? 

ZJe>^ dane 


23c) 6 dare 

^-C3^?S dane, t'nfg; pron. What? 
—so^ what did you come for? 

.C3e)?2oC3*"o3^ daneiidi;inda, conj. {lit. 
If you say what), namely, 
thus, as follows, because, for. 

Z3"3^ dapu, see ss^. 

C3tt)2or?2JO^ dabaniballi^, see ^-^ 


C3c)2o^ dabali, ^. A kind of white 

C3«)WJ dabu, s. A child's girdle, 

a silver belt- 
£3^200^ dabudi, s. A joint-piece. 
C3^e3 dabe, s, A pigeon-loft. 2- 

bodily care. 
23e)SJo^dod^ damyidumi^, .y^^ 9^^^ 

..23e)SJoD^ damari^, ^^^ =^^5. 2. 

x3c)sdOro<^ damasi^, see rf^j^oJ. 

cjsdjsa damadi, ^^^ nsodocSg. 

.<:3'e)Sjvra3e)05o damasEyi, ^. Pro- 
portion, apportionment. 

c3^^o?^ damisi^, ^^'. Useless, 
worthless. 2. worn out. 

^C3c)s3JS^d6 damodare, ^. A name 
of Krishna. 

Z3e)OJo daya, ^. Heritage, inheri- 
tance. 2. a gift, present from 

231)0:^0=^ dayake, s. A giver, donor. 

Z3e)OJor3 dayana, j. Illusion. 

C3«)0^ocSo , c3-so^-5)a dayadye, daya- 
di, 3". A kinsman, relation, 

•ztsoSj daye, (-^ -e?o3o) ^-^^ ^t^^^^i^/- 

C3"3o3>), C33o3j7^ diye, ddyegyi, 
intg. pron. Why, for what 

C3c) o3 J ri o :3^oc^ dayegand^nda, conj. 
{lit. Why, if you say) Where- 
fore, because. 

C3'c)D^ dar^, see C3^"5. 

C3«)D^ CJJ3 do dar^duru, see ■oTi-d^Ti^:^-^:^^ 

>/c3c)d dara, ^.A thread, string. 

2. a wife. ~-zi;id^^ to stitch. 

C3a)dod daranda, ^. A door frame. 
-t.^, a lintel. 

C3c)07^ darage, s. The second of 
the female twin demons; cf. 

cjsdrl darane, ^. Price, value, 

charge; cf. ci^. 2. ^-^^ 9D-d?6. 

c3"i)doJj daraya, i. A star. 2. ^^^ 

-^tQ dari, s. Road, way, path. 

ersdododo daruduru, ^. A false 
accusation; slander. 

C3^6 dare, ^^^ ^'^' 

c3c)6 dare, ^ personal affix 
denoting an office bearer, 
holder, ^/^.; as^ ^so^^odt?, 3dd^ 

C3"3daj^6 darepire, s. The fruit 
of Cucumis acutangula^ a 
variety of ^^e"5. 
Jc3^do3)^ darepuli, ^. The caram- 
bola fruit, Averrhoa car am- 

cs'sd^jocl daremane, s. A seat 
occupied by bride and bride- 
groom during the marriage 

Z5d6^ dare 


aot3"5) dinja 

CTsd^'j^ darekalli, s. A kind of 
striped milk-hedge, Euphor- 
bia antiquoruni, 

C3«)rir darne, see c33tj?6. 

C3^23^rc5^ darbad^, see rfsrorS. 

Cjc)^2^^ dalacini, see n^g^^. 

C3c)^'s dala, s. Anything; of. cro. 
— f^^, nD25^ there is nothing. 

C32)2;"3£) dalali, j-^^ c^c^^ es. 

CT^Ooso, C3c)0o2:)daliinba,daliinbi, 

C35)C)eo dalijji, 5^^ under ctood. 


23^0 ^ dalcini, ^. Cinnamon. 
--'csB^ dava, J^^"^^, ^^, S3^. 2. ^^^ 

. « - L 00 

C3i)S3rS205D^ davanibally, see rf^?? 

C3c)^^ davati, s. Grief, sorrow, 
distress, suffering. 2. weari- 
ness, fatigue. 

C3e)s^'§> davali, see cto20<^. 

C3c)5S davu, s. Glare, lustre, heat, 

C3e)d dave, s. A suit, claim ; com- 
plaint. 2. enmity, spite. — ctot? 
a complainant. —-^^^^^ to 
claim; to complain. 

C3"5)^^ dasatva, ^. Slavery, bond- 
age, servitude. 

C3e)?dF^ dasana, ^. The shoe-flower 
plant, Hibiscus rosa sinensis ; 
also cto;^?^^. 

nB?o3iosl dasapanti, s. A kind of 
grass, used as a blister. 

C3c)?doio dasaya, see e9?:irodo. 

ct3?oo3j, n-?)?oo3j^ dasaye, dasayye, 
s. A Vishnuite mendicant. 

Jc3"3ro dasi, ^. A female slave, 

maid servant. 
C3i)rOc^ dasina, s. The colouring 

of the teeth. 2. a kind of 

grass. 3. see ca)c3;)?j. 
ui)fi dase, ^. A slave, servant. 

2. a mendicant; cf. c33?jd5o. 
cs'S^^Oj dasemi, s. Mustard. 

C3c)^?3, ntt)ro^c^<^dastana, dastan^, 

s. A store, storing. ^a?E)^ to 

store. --do^o^^ to collect, 

make ready. 
c3"s?on^ dasyatva, see odtjs^. 
CTSsd daha, ^. Burning. 2. thirst, 

ardent desire. — ^Bes^r^ to 

quench thirst. 
23e)^ dali, s. Marauding, plunder, 

sacking. [i^ate. 

Uzi^QU dalimba, s. The poraegra- 
C3D^ ra, UD^ Too dakshina, dakshi- 

nya, ^. Regard, respect, con- 

siderateness. 2. partiality. 

^jso— regard of person, 
a di, A feminine affix ofnouns\ 

as, ^-^^ a youth; ai^?5a, ai 

^oQ a maiden. odosi^ja?? a 

master; orfo3d^ji)^a a mistress, 
vlsorlor^jc^, aorij^ dinguduni, 

dinguni, see ^0X0^. 
aoti dinja, ^. Plenty, abundance. 

adj. Full, complete, replete. 

2. much. 3. violent, severe. 

adv. Very, often. — ai?^ plenty 

of people. — deE5 severe pain. 

— TiSr often, many times. 
-laots^sj^ dirijavuni, ^•. 7'. (oftiodio 

oj) To cause to till, load, heap. 

aotxiO dinju 


a=f, dikke 

-iao^dj^ dinjuni (ao^), v, n. To be 
filled, full, replete, v, a. To 
fill. 20c^- lit, to fill the 
belly ; to earn one's livelihood ; 
to be pleased. 

^ aozEs:^ dinjel^, s. Fullness. 2. 
aoC3^ dind^i, s. The festival of 
illumination, when the idol of 
a temple is carried in pro- 
cession. — 'S^wo^oi to decorate; 
to prepare for an illumina- 

4x^oT^ dind^, ^^'." Strong, stout. 

P 2. rash. — ^J^, see aors^l^y^. 
—BD^ crooSo a tyrant, bully. 

4aoG^ dindi^, s. The tender stalk 
inside a plantain tree. 

J £)od din da, adj. Proud, mischiev- 
ous, impudent; cf. aoif. 
aoC3«)e3?^ dindatige, s. Mischief, 
impudence. 2. stupidity. 

i-aoc^j dindu, see aoS. 

-^ Sod dinde, s. A strong, stout 
man; a mischievous fellow. 
— ^t5 a large cocoanut tree. 

N/aors dinna, see door©. 
aoari dlndige, see ^o^-R. 

J a ?S dinne, ^. A hillock, eminence. 
— ^K hill and dale, ups and 

/aosjj dimma, s. The sound of a 
small finger-drum. 
Dos^oj^ dimmane, adv. Quickly, 

£)osJj^^* dimmak^, see g^j«)^. 

Jaodj dimme, s. A wedge; a 
stopple, plug. 

a 0^0* ^-soSo dimmskayi, -s^^ ao 

at^S. dikk^, s. Direction, side, 
region or quarter of the 
world. 2. refuge, shelter, 
protection. ^6— four points 
of the compass. — crooS des- 
titute, helpless. — crDoSErooS^ 
a destitute man, an orphan. 
— croo^ without protection. 
_8^-5o giddiness, confusion ; 
roaming, wandering. —^^^ 
to miss the direction. 
J £)=^dikka, adv. Quickly, speedily. 

a^Dd)^ dikkaripuni (s^^^^), ^.^. 
To despise, condemn, censure, 
reproach. 2. to disdain, re- 

^^jV^ dikkal^, see Qt?j3,<^o. 

£)=5^5S'so^ dikkapalyi, s. Disper- 
sion, dissipation, rum. —^c> 
^^h^ to be dispersed, dissi- 
pated, ruined. 

a^^,53j€ dikkamalli, s. A kind 
of resin tree, Gardenia lucida. 

a^'^.d dikkara, ^. Disrespect, in- 
sult, contempt; disdainment, 

a^ dikki, see c3^^. 

a^td^od dikkijjyande, see a^^ 
c33oii under c^^^. 

a=^, dikke, ^. A Pariah. 


a^, D=^a^ dikke, dikkeli;i, s. A 

-rf ^^, the 
front of a hearth. d^^c5da6 

hearth, fireplace, 
front of a heart! 
the hearth-place. 




arf dina 


a=^JS)^ dikkol^ (/e^n. of a^^), 

s. A Pariali woman. 
a^^ 5;=^dikpalake, s. The guar- 
dian of one of the eight points 
of the compass. 

Dn*o^ di^^r^, s. Disregard, in- 
difference. 2. resentment. 
adj. Adverse, contrary. — sro 
<|TJ, _?j^^ an adverse state- 
ment or reply. — -rfo^Os^^ to 
resent; to disregard. 

ario^ dig^anta, s. The horizon. 

ariosd digantara, ^. A foreign 

arJoiod digambara, ^^'. Naked, 
uncovered. 0X0201? a nude 
man; a recluse, anchorite. 
J DAo^ digil^, s. Fear, alarm. 2. 

arltd diggaja, ^. One of the 
fabulous elephants support- 
ing the globe. 

a ^oCj^F^ digbandhana, s. A general 
charm to keep off all evils. 

tif\ ^0 digbhrama, s. Unsteadi- 

^TMitT digvarte, s. News from 
different directions. 

&A2cjoJo digvijaya, ^. Universal 

a^ dita, see c^^^. 

a^ ditta, adj. Confident, bold. 
~^t> boldness. 

ay, ditti, see ^^U^ j^^„ 

a^. ditte, ^. A bold, or clever 
4 az3*o2oo didymbu, adj. Corpulent. 

acs^ozSo* did]^inber\;i, s. A deified 

bull, an ox belonging to a 
Siva temple. 2. Siva's steed. 
J£)C3*"=CT did^ka, see aii^. 
^ac3^Dd didi^dida, ^^^. Quickly. 
ac3^s3j?^ did^mena, see rfz|^^. 
a 2^ dida, ^^<2 ^g)^. 
-^^^=3^ didika, see 01^^. 

s/^c^oosoj didumbu, ^.^ big drum. 
adj. see aSo20j. 
adjosSdo didumberu, see aSodS. 
Aadj didka, adv. Immediately, 

quickly; suddenly. 
Uacs^ diddi;i, ^.^An elevated ground, 
a mound. 2. rancidity. 
ad didde, ^^^ eS^- 
£)4?d didmena, see rfzf^?^. 
adosSo, acS^ didamme, didappe, 


O n 

o^j, ^d 



^"^rj^ din^sy, s. Likeness. 2. 

kind, sort. 
^^^7^^ din^sara, s. Different 

kinds or sorts, as of goods, elc. 
^^ dina, s. A day. -^w^s? daily 

routine. — ^jse5 daily wages. 

—zizi daily. —sib, — sro5 a 

diary, day-book, chronicle. 

— g^cdoF daily conduct. — a?3ja 

^0 daily. -^j«j^ the length 

of a day, a day in general ; 

the times, —^"rfre passing time. 

rsii^rf— the present time. 

—5?^?) to spend time, to live. 
^^0^^ dinamprati, ad7'. Daily, 

every day. 
^^7^ dinas^, see aS^oJ- 

^^D dina 


a^53's dipa 

a?5^F^^fddinanadina, s. A certain 

^^DZ)D dinala, aa^v. Daily. 
;^ Dzo rs dibbana, s. A bridal party, 
a marriage procession, —era 
^0^0, Qso^rS/^S persons belong- 
ing to a marriage party. 

a2Ci^S5^ dibrali^, ^^-^ aoeo^j^. 

asJ^^rj^oSiJ dim^skayi, 5^?^ ao 

adj5)=5^ dimak^, ^. Haughtiness, 
arrogance, pride, disdain. 

a^jei dimiti, ^. A kind of stout, 
white cotton cloth, ribbed or 
figured ; dimity. 
^aOoa^o dimidimi, s. Agility, 
dancing nimbly. 

aojjo, ag diyya, dirra, adv. Sud- 
denly, at once; c/. a^^. 

as5^ dil^, ^. The mind, heart. 

a^, ^^^ diva, divasa, see ^^. 

as3c)=5*6 divakare, s. The sun. 

asT^c^S as3-Sc^ divany, divane, ^. 
The minister or secretary of a 
native state. 2. an idiot, fool. 

t^zzDDDi^ divaratre, s. Day and 
night, adv. By day and night. 

£iS3^6JS^2dra divarohana, ^. As- 

a^'S^ divali, ^. Bankruptcy. 
2. see ae3j3<^. —sSjs?^ a bank- 
rupt; a spendthrift. -e?E3^, 
— rSs^^ to become insolvent. 

ao divi, s. Heaven, the sky. 

DOeJ diviti, see 2§e&37^. 

vidivi tree, CcEsalpma coriara. 

a^o divya, adj. Divine, celestial. 
2. beautiful, agreeable, excel- 
lent, supernatural. _ao?^9 
excellent disposition. — &^ j^ 
divine knowledge, --dojagr the 
Divine Being, God. --d^. a 
rare gem. --rf^d quicksilver; 
(3;/^^ s>)rfT:??j. — eSjse^ heaven. 
-■^^ an excellent substance; 
a holy being. 

a3^o;^d disantara, see 6^-5i>otd. 

as^)^^ disataue, ^^^ j3e^y^. 

a^ disc, 5-. Direction, side, space, 
region; cf. d^^, 6^. 

£)^ dishta, s. Fate, destiny, 

a^ dishti, ^^^ rf^^^. --^iD^^ glass 
beads put on the neck of 
an infant to ward off the 
effect of evil eyes. 

a;^ dise, s. Fortune, luck, —^^o^^ 
to be lucky. o3oz? _ good luck. 
3rfat?_ bad luck. 

^^UA ditige, see sSe&^T?. 

a^^^?^ din^si;, see ^^qS. 

Q^^ dina, adj. Poor, indigent, 
needy, 2. modest, humble, 

a^F^ dine, ^. A poor or weak 
man. 2. an humble man. 

a^sj dipa, s. A lamp; a light. 
— ^^ lighting lamps in a 
temple as an act of devo- 

a^sj^ dipana, s. Hunger. 

aes3?)^, a^o^-^s^^dipali, dipavali, 
s. {lit. A row of lights), a 

a^53"5 dipa- 


CJooSJO dumbu 

festival with nocturnal illu- 
minations in honour of a 
./ ae^j)^c^ dipavuni, c.v. {of t^^h^) 
To cause to place, keep, put, 
-^a^S5c)5Ss£^^c^ dipavonuni, rejl. v. 
[of D?s^^^) To keep, etc. for 
one's self. 2. to keep a con- 
cubine, vlg. 

ti^h^ dipike, see t^esi. 

a^5^ dipti, s. Light, lustre. 2. 
fire. 3. a lamp kept burning 
near an idol. 

a^^^ dipini {^i)^v.a. To place, 
keep, put, reserve, lay by. 

a^aj^ diya, see aodog. 

a^6 dire, see ^e^. 

£)^^r dirgha, adf. Long. j. The 
long form of a vowel, the 
letter ?. -e?odoo^o a long life. 
— c^^r a prophet, seer. — ^odo^ 
death. — b^oS long suffering, 

t^^TR>'F^ dirsale, s. A superior 
kind of rice. 

a^sJli divati, see ^eW^?. 

a^s^^ divali, see Qe3ro<9. 

a^O, a^sj divijdivu,^. An island. 
-rf 7<o|^ the bread fruit, Arto- 
carpus inctsa. 

t^^^ ot dikshanta, s. The fulfil- 
ment of a vow or austerities. 

a?=^ diksh^, s. The initiatory 
ceremony of a sacrifice, etc. 
2. a vow, resolve to accom- 
plish anything. 3. under- 

taking a service, austerities, 
etc. — ^^^i to take a vow; 
to undertake any pious work. 

doo^o^ dunkuni, see djao^o^. 

C3oo2^ dunci, s. Shag, nap, as of 
a cloth. — ^s'uo^^ to hem a 
garment, -ej^o^^ to become 
woolly or shaggy. 

CJOoS§Q* duncel^, adf. Shaggy, 
woolly, as a cloth. 
Jcjjoc^o dundu, ^c//". Round, globu- 
lar. -~20^ a kind of bracelet 
worn by females. — i^jeD^ 
a kind of round jasmine, 
Jasniinum sambac. 

2±)orl dunde, see jSjsocS. 

/cJjoCc) dunna, j. Heaviness. <2^". 

7cjoodo dundu, adf. Prodigal, 
wasteful. —7^5^, ~~^-^ prodi- 
gality, waste. >^7\st3 a prodi- 
gal, squanderer. 
cjoodo^ dundubhi, s. The fifty- 
sixth year of the Hindu cycle 
of sixty. 2. a kettle-drum. 
CJJo?^ dunna, see ciior®. 

c5jo?SjSoZ& dunnonci, s. A kind 

of earring. 
CJJoojOl)j^ dumpiyuni (rfooL), 

7'.^. To stumble. 

cioozon^ dumbagv, ^^^'' I^ future, 
next year ; cf. Ti>:io'i;^^. |-£ 

doozo^ dumbatta, adv. First, at 

dJo^c3c)^ dumbinani, adv. The 
day before, previous day. 

doosoo dumbu, s. Front. 2. past 
time. 3. futurity, adv. In 

doo;^j«) dumma 


cio^ duppa 

front. 2. early, beforehand. 

3. at first, in the beginning. 

4. formerly. 5. in future, 
hereafter; also^o's:>K. — trooSo 
the first man, firstborn. — ^e 
t^) to go in advance, —t^^ 
before and behind, front and 
rear. [sorrow. 

cjo o^j^c^ dummana, ^. Grief, 
CJoooSj dumyi, s. The sound of 

a mosquito. 
cjoos^, doo?o duoisa, duSsa, see 

do 8 duh, see ^B. 

do8iu duhkha, s. Sorrow, grief, 

aflliction. — ??ja^r^ to afflict, 

grieve, tease. ^-^"^^^ to 

mourn, lament. 
C3o8£)o:^oo^ duhkhiyuni (c^=a)), 

z'.n. To mourn, lament, ^oi) 

ci^sa)5 5f)^r^ to sob, weep 

^082^=^0^ duhsakuna, s. A bad 

c^^'5'^'^^ dukani^, s. A shop. 
d>Ci=^. dukka, adv. Suddenly, at 

once, quickly; c/. t^^^. — e^^o, 

?) to get up at once. 
CJJSJ dukkha, see c^jsso. 

dorlcl, djn^c? dugane, dug^ga- 

ni, s. Two pie. 
doLi, dutta, see c^^ . 
ido^ dudi, ^. The lip. 
i dj^s, di^i^i dudita, dudite, s. 
Gain, acquisition. 2. proper- 
ty. — "^^Ok^^ ^^^ cl)aodoj^. 
-i dooloJoo^, cjj^lj^dudiyunijdudi- 

pini (ci>^Si), ^. a. To acquire, 
gain, earn, obtain. 
Cjodooioo^ dudumbuni (rfoi^oo^), 
^. a. To drive. 

>/cJjJ^o=5^o, cJouso=^j;^?^ duduku, du- 
dukutana, s. Hurry, rashness. 
2. violence, injustice. 3. pride, 

^zSdd^i'^j^ dudukuni (:^Tid^), v.n. 

To be rash or hasty. 2. to 

be violent, haughty, v, a. To 


cSjj^o^ duduta, see ^c^^. 

cijGi^ei duddata, s. The game of 

dj?3s)^duddase, s. Covetousness. 

•^::!i:)ii:> duddu, s. k copper coin 
worth four pie. 2. copper 
coin in general. 3. money, 
cash. ^f3_, X^_ a thick 
copper coin that was current 
in former days. 

s/djc^oSt^ dunipuni {^^), v. n. 
To struggle, strive. 2. to 
flutter, flap the wings in agi- 
tation, as a bird. 3. to bustle, 
be in a hurry. 

^ciJcJsSo^ dunipel^, adj. Strug- 
gling, striving, fluttering. 2. 

^cJorJs5d dunipele, s. A bustler, 

Vdors dunna, see socr®. 
CJo^j^ duttu, see c^jpI^. 
do^ duppa, adv. Suddenly; 

dj^ei, do^^ duppati, duppate, 
J. A laced or other cloth 

ciosS duppe 


djrior durg^u 

loosely thrown over the body. 

2. a sheet, tablecloth. 
do^ duppe, see ^^. 
dosjD^e;^ dubarali^, see Ti>:>'iz^j^. 
doejOe)=5*'" dubalak^, adj. Twice 

distilled; double. 
doea^D dubari, adj. Double. 2. 
needless, useless. — ^slr 
double or needless expense. 

3. see c502OT)6. 

x^:^Vii)'k diibasi, s. An interpreter. 
2. a broker, agent, etc. 

do^3^s;^ dubraly, s. Twice dis- 
tilled arrack. 
Jdodoo^o^ dumukuni (cl^^o^), 
V. a. To jump down; to alight 

X^:^'^:>:>'f^:^ dumusu see ao^o?jo. 

dooSj^o^ duyam^, adj. Second- 
ary, subordinate. 2. middling, 

CJOD^, do?v^ dur, dus, Prejixes 
denotmg Bad, ill, wicked. 
2. difficult. 3. inferior, vile. 

dodoh durangi, adj. Differently 
coloured on both sides, as 
some cloths. 

dodsp^cTo durabhyasa, s. A bad 
habit or practice. 

dodojj duraya, see ^^o. 

rfoD"si5e)d duracara, s. A bad 
custom or usage. 2. wicked 

djD^ J, duratme, s. An evil spirit. 
2. a wicked man. 

cJ0Da)53jS)^2;aN duralocane, s. Wick- 
ed thoughts. 

doDD^ durase, s. Covetousness. 

2. a vain or forlorn hope, 
unattainable desire. 

doD;^ durita, s. Sin, transgres- 

dodo23 duruji, .y^^ Ti^i^^f. 

dodoc^ duruda, ^^^ c^^v^. 

ti^^T^:^'^ durubi, adj. Inebriating. 
2. surfeiting. —^-^ inebria- 
tion; surfeit. 

dorfoe:)^ durubini, see c^83r^. 

do dot^^z^i durubija, see cljeSer&f. 

ti^it^ir^:^ durusu, see cl3?i)r. 

T^t:)^^^ durustu, s. Kepairs, im- 
provement, adj. Proper, well, 
right, -^'^o^?^ to repair, mend, 
put in order. 

djdo^durula, adj. Wicked. —^^ 

djC)0«? durule, s. A wicked man. 

T^:ii\T durga, s. A castle, hill-fort. 
2. see rfo7\r. 

doriroi^ durg^andha, s. A stench, 
fetid smell. 

dorl rej, do^rei durgata, dur- 
ghata, adj. Difficult of attain- 
ment, insurmountable. —53 
cxi>r an object difficult to ac- 

do/lr Jj durgati, s. A bad destiny, 
misery. 2. hell. 

T^ t:^ ^ oj J durgalaya, .y. A tern pie 
of Durgi. 

doriF durgi, s. A name of Parvati. 
2. the name of a female. 

dortorc9 durguna, s. A bad dis- 
position or temper, corrupt 
nature, adj. Ill-natured. 

CJOT^F durge 


c^0(^^ dushki 

z:^^f\F durge, see zid'hF. 

dJ2^r durci, s. A sheet of paper. 

2. see j3j3s3r. 
cJJt^r^durJana, ^.Wicked people. 

doss^FsS durjati, s. A disreput- 
able caste. 

CJ023r durji, see AoaSr. 2. ^^^ ^SjaaSr. 

doe;jro^ durjil^, see ^SjsaSr. 

docJr^ durdase, s. Misfortune, 

did^Fdi durnadate, s. Bad con- 

dOc^F^ durnudi, s. A bad word. 

z:^:iZ^F^ durbala, s. Weakness, 
impotency. adj. Weak, im- 
potent; helpless. 

dJ2:)F?i durbini, s. A telescope. 

d02:)^F2d durbija, s. lit. A bad 

seed. adj. Of bad family, of 

disreputable descent. 

cl)20jr£) durbuddhi, s, A wicked 
mind, bad disposition. 2. folly, 

want of sense. 

dozSjS^Fq^fS durbodhane, s. Bad 

CJo^F^ durbhikshe, s. Scarcity, 

ti^i-^^^Th durmati, s. The fifty-fifth 
year of the Hindu cycle of 
sixty. 2. an evil mind. 

dodoF^?^* durmanasiji, s. A bad 

ti^it^^Tt^ durmarana, ^. An un- 
timely death, death by acci- 

dos^j^FriF durmlrga, s. Wicked- 
ness, vice. 

do DoF J durmitre, .'^. A bad friend. 

dosJJOFSJ durmukha, s. An angry 

doSjOOF^) durmukhi, s. The thir- 
tieth year in the Hindu cycle 

of sixty. 
doo3j3^Fd^ duryodane, s. The 

elder of the Kuru princes. 
do^FS^j durlabha, adj. Dilficult 

of attainment, scarce, rare. 
doss'SFiF durvarte, s. Bad news. 
djSTSF?;)?^ durvasane, s. A stink, 

dos^oFo:^o durvyaya, see c^o^rodo. 
dos^oFi^c^ durvyasana, s. A bad 

habit, evil practice. 
dj^Fo;jj durvraya, ^. A useless 

expense, squandering, waste. 
dOniOF dursu, .s-. Kockets; also 

cl3?ior8OTr-3. 2. see c5o"rfo?jo . _80o 

c^o) to fire rockets. 
T^^^ShOi dullodi, s. A kind of 

dosra^F^ dusmane, s. An enemy, 

opponent. rfo^^^j^ enmity, 

do^^^ dussila, s. A bad dispo- 
sition or practice. 
dj^doF dushkarma, s. An evil 

deed, crime, sin. rfo^i^^^ a 

wicked man. 
do^s? dushkale, s. A great thief. 

dj3s;"^^ dushkala, s. 

do^S^^^F dushkirti, s. Infamy. 

bad name. 


An evil 
2. famine, scarcity. 

cjjs^, dusta 


cJJ3dj duru 

rfj^ dushta, adj. Bad, wicked, 
depraved. 2. low, vile. -Xor©, 
—2(33^ a bad disposition. ~^^ 
wickedness, depravity. -20j 
a an evil mind; a minister 
so called. — ^j«)Ar wicked 
conduct. --^^A a wild beast, 
mischievous animal. . 

dt:)'^, dushte, s. A wicked or bad 

cjo^d dustara, adj. Difficult, 
trying, hard. 
' do^d dustale, s. An unhappy 
man; a bad man. 

do4i> dustu, ^. A suit of clothes. 

di^^To.zp'B^ dusvabhava, s. An evil 
disposition, ill-nature. 

rfj?oor1 dussanga, s. Bad compa- 
ny or intercourse; evil com- 

ciJSceJ dunta, see Xjsow. 

cJJSod dunde, ^^^ zSjsozf. 

ciJ3oe3, rfJS)oE3e3^ dumbe, dumbely, 

see Ti/soeoo. 
JrfJS23 duji, ^. A needle, pin. 

-=5^^ a magnet, --^o-d the 

tinian pine. 
Jds/sr^o^ duduni, see N>j3?ro^. 
CJJSvB duti, ^. A pimp, procuress. 

2. a female messenger. 
dtJ^i dute, ^. A messenger, spy. 

j2e^^ an angel, oi:^!)— the 

messenger of death. 
dJ3CJjdudu,^^6'2ijs2S. 2.see'^Jiido. 
dJSsJ, dJ5)3Jf^ dupa, dupana, see 

-^rfJS)s3 dupe, s. Food laid out for 

the dead; a mound marking 
the burial place of a Stidra. 
2. a temporary shed, covered 
with awnings, for offering 
oblations to the manes of 
deceased Stidra. — rf ^o"rf a 
field in which such a mound 
or shed has been raised, -rf 
J^^s^ oblations of boiled rice 
offered to the manes of a 
deceased Stidra. —K -sij^Ov^to 
prepare such food. —K ^^ ^ 
to serve such food; to serve 
a person with a large quanti- 
ty of food. 
dJSz^f^ dubina, s. A comb. 
C^JSd diira, s. Distance, adj'. 
Distant, remote. cljs^jsXo— 
very far. -cjdoSo a low-caste 
man; a man come from a 
distance, -nuf a female in 
her menses; a low-caste wo- 
man. -^^ foresight ; long- 
sighted. — "djeJAr, — ?J5a a long 
way. -o\)o;^^ to stand at a 
distance. — ^°L^^ to go far, 
move further. — 20ja-do^ to 
be deferred, delayed. ~-Ti:>'^\ 
^ to separate ; to shun. 

JdJ5D"3y diirata, s. Aspersing, 
calumniating ; complaining. 

JdJSdo diiru, s. Aspersion, blame, 
reproach. 2- a complaint. 
_??j3Sjr^, _;jif^^ to complain. 
— srozli^ to accuse, blame, 

JciJSdOc3c)o3j durunaye, i". An ac- 
cuser, censurer, complainant. 

cSj^ do duru 


d^ dekka 

JdJSuO^ duruni (^&), i'. a. To 
accuse, complain ; to blame, 
reproach, censure. 

lliS)6s5 diirele, see rfjsx^of^^oSo. 

Z^S)^F:i^ durtatana, s. Crafti- 

CJJSir durte, s. A deceiver. 

dJS^=^ dushake, s. A blasphem- 

CJJS^cl dushane, s. Cursing. 2. 
censure, reproach. :2?^— blas- 

dJS(^^^) dushipuni (c^js^), z'. (3;. 
To blaspheme. 2. to blame, 
censure, reproach. 

CJJ5?;jo dusu, s. Fine powder; 

Jrfjs;^o^ dusuni (^j^oj), ^. ^. To 
spill, sprinkle. 
dJS?525^ dusel^, s. Powder, dust. 
adj. Powdered, dusty. 

v^CJJS^ dull, see-'-^^'^o. 2 /a dis- 
picable person. 3. a high num- 
ber. —t>il, -.tjT^ unreliable. 

>/dJS^o dulu, see s^js^o. 

cl?^ dri^ki^, .?. The eye. 2. sight, 

c^xS^ dri^dha, 6\ Firmness, sta- 
bility. 2. certainty. <3;^'. Firm, 
stable. -^^ firmness; truth- 
fulness. -Tio^o^^ to affirm, 
declare; to fix, make certain. 

cl^^=5^dra dri^dhikarana, s. Con- 

dx^ drushta, adj. Visible, appa- 

Co^S"3,o^ dr^shtanta, s. An ex- 

' ample, illustration, evidence. 
-=^js^r^ to exemplify, illus- 

cl<^ drushti, s. Sight, seeing. 
2. an eye. 

doA^ deng:^, J. A hiding place. 

donD^^ dengavuni, c. v. {of-&o 
Ao^) To cause to be hidden, 
concealed; hide, conceal. 
^dorlo^ denguni (c3oK), v. n. To 
be hidden, concealed, lie in 

dorid dengele, s. One who hides, 

a refugee. 

>/dcE3 denji, s. A crab, -kjd^ an 

abscess between the thumb 

and the forefinger, ^c^e;— , 

i::^oo^Oj'do_, ^:^^ _, ^ts^sFr?— , are 
some of the species of crab. 

do^S denjeli, s. A kind of um- 
brella made of palm leaves. 

dob^ dent\jL, ^^^ cicO. 

doF^ra dennana, ^^^ stot^?^. 

do 200 dembu, see disosoo. 

dods^^ dembel^, ^^^ Ascd^. 

d^eJo^^ dekkattuni (^^e^)' ^•^• 
To shuffle, or move in a slo- 
venly manner, as a person in 
a tight dress or when the foot 
is entangled in anything. 

d^j\ dekkatti, s. A kind of nut- 
cracker used for cutting the 
areca-nut into pieces. 

d^oSo dekkayi, ^. The betrothal 
badge, —^wo^^ to put the same 
on the person of a bride. 


d^ dekka 


desj devg 

c3^6, d^D*^, d^do dekkare, 
J dekkar^, dekkaru, s. The space 

between the legs, when they 

are apart. adv. Between 

the legs. 
d^^e3 dekkaji, s. A kind of 

d'5"S5fl dekkane, adv. Tightly. 
d^'s^s^ir^ dekkavuni, c. v. (of ^ 

^0J^>) To cause to wash, 
d-^dekki, ^. Space, room, place. 
dxS'sX^ dekkuni (^^^), v. a. To wash 

(anything except clothes), 

lave, cleanse. 
d^vi^o dekkulu, see ^-^^fj^^js^^o. 
d =3^0)0 dekkuli, s. Irregular 

teeth, projecting teeth. 
d=^ dekke, see jSjso^. 
dsj|^5j^ deppavuni, c, v. (pf^A^^^ 

To cause to take, 
dc^ deppu, see M^. 2. see 

d^^ deppuni (^), v. a. To take, 
receive; of. -Rs^^. 6^E s:s 
^^ to abolish, take away, put 
aside; to pull out; to remove, 
/dd debbe, see rfsS.. 

doSod deyiva, j^^ ^5^^. 
ddorioSo derangayi, .y^^ /^eStysoso. 
dogr^ derpuni (c2^), j;. /j. To 

lift, raise. 
Jd4 devva, j. A demon, evil 


d^, d?3 dese, dese, s. Condition, 
state. 2. fortune, luck. 

d^G^ desedd^, />^^//. From, by, 
on account of, for. 

d^-^ deki, s. Nicety. 2. manage- 
ment or foresight, adj. Nice, 

d^n^ deg^, see odoSo. 

d^ti deja, ^^^ i?3^. 

d^d debe, 5. A quarrelsome 
' d^D-^eJ derata, s. Driving. 
Jd^dj^ deruni (j3e&), 7/. a. To 
drive, drive away. 
d^^ dela, .y. A small temple, 
2. God. — Aoo-rf the idol's 
apartment in a temple. sroe3 
;6^Sfroo3o jjoe; rfjs'do'^ a man 
bereft of his child blasphemes 
against God. 
d^^oljsejo, delantottu, s. A 

Brahmin's house. 
d^^odo^d, d^e^ogrfdelandapuda, 
delapuda, s. A temple pigeon. 
d^zi deva see ^3?^. 2. the male 

d^^od devanda, adj. Pertaining 
to temples. — 4«?t^o a small 
kind of tiles. 
d^s^§- devaki, s. Krishna's 

d^drlra devagana, s. The race 

of gods. 
des^^=^, d^si^a?^ devadike, de- 
vadige, ^. One of the caste of 
d^d3c)2^r?2 devatarcane, s. Wor- 
ship of a god. 

d^d deva 


d^s^ desa 

d^dJ devate, s. A demi-god. 
d^;J4 devatva, s. Divinity; 

d^s^Co^ devadatta, adj. Given 

by God. 
d^dcs^D^, d^dc3D6devadar^, de- 

vadare, s, A cedar. 
d^ddJSi devadute, s. An angel. 
d^s^dA^36 devadroha, s. Aposta- 

cy, heresy. 
d^^^^sjj devanama, s. The 

name of God, [phemy. 

d^^^od devaninde, s. Blas- 
d^d^eS devapuje, s. Adoration 

of God, divine worship. 
d^^3i3^ devapratishthe, s. The 

consecration of an idol. 
d^sieo^d devabare, s. A superior 

kind of plantains. [votion. 
d^ds^^ devabhakti, s. Piety, de- 
d^s^sjj^ devabhakte, s. A pious 

man, a devotee. 
d^s^^ooC3E)d devamandara, s. A 

kind of flower. 
d^^^jsrir devamarga, s. God's 

ways. 2. pious behaviour, 
d^^jdoridevaranga, s. The centre 

of a temple. 
d^s^ase£ devaraje, s. Indra. 
d^s^dJS^^ devaloka, s. Heaven. 
d^s^Oc^ devalya, see ^^^-^xsjcoo. 

d^drCl devasa, s. Temple-lands 

or property. 
d^^rjdodorl devasamaranga, s. 

Presence; God's presence. 
d^si^iudosJrfl devasamarpane, s. 

Offering to God. 

d^d^j-S) cSdevasthana, s. A temple. 
d^S3^o'ri devanga, s. A Lingayat 

class of weavers. 2. an ape. 

_c3Do3o one of the weaver 

d^S3Dp^^ devadhina, s. Death. 

adv. In God's disposal. -^ 

h^ to die. 
d^S3^Di)q5c^devaradhane,i". Divine 

d^SjD^oJjdevalaya, s. A church; 

a temple. 
d^^ devi, s. A goddess. 2. Par- 

vati. 3. a queen. -^^^ the 

Sakti worship. 
d^^O, d^^c)a deviri, devari, s. 

A Brahmin's dress. 
d^^D^ dever^, ^. God. 2. an 

honorific title, applied to 

persons of rank. ^^^^ ^aocijr 

a sacred work or undertaking. 
d^d^od^ devendre, s. Indra. 
d^S desa, s. A country, land, 

territory, district, region. — /^e 

a one who has left his 

country, an exile. —BoXof^ 

to travel. 
d^SzpD^ desabhashe, s. The 

language of a country. 

dp^E^,3^, desabbrashta, s. Trans- 
it ej ' . 
portation, expatriation. 

d^^^ desasthe, s. A native, 

inhabitant. 2. a class of 

Brahmins. [country. 

de^soA desantra, s. A foreign 

d^3^o^desantri, s. A foreigner: 

a traveller. 

d^Sc) desa 


dJSo^o donku 

c3^25e)25"sd desacara, s. The custom 

of a country, local usage. 
^^3^y^ desatana, s. Travels; 

cS^sf-s^^^a, c3^3t)5)3J3 desadhi- 

kari, desadhipati, s. A sovereign 

c3^3D02)0 desayi, s. A chief man 

among the Lingayats. 
d^srsdd, des^;3^d desavara, de- 

savara, adj. Foreign, exotic. 

s, A present, gift, alms. 
c3^^ dese, see ^^. 
6^So desya, adj. Local, of or 

belonging to a country. -epD^^,, 

d^3d deha, s. The body. — rfo^^?? 
corporal punishment, pe- 
nance, mortification. 

deSo dehi, adj. Having a body, 
Jc3\dei, s. A plant, young tree. 

cS-io^ deindi, s. The name of a 
tree. 2. a staff, stick. 

d^d deinde, see Qoof. 

Apd deinde, see zio^r:. 

c|^^Q, dio deitya, deitye, ^. A 
titan, demon, giant. — ^^r 
a giant's deed ; a wicked act. 

c3>;^, t3)No deina, deinya, s. Mean- 
ness, humility, servility. 2. 
poverty, adj. Mean, humble, 
lowly. 2. cringing, servile. 
— 2p^^ humble disposition. 

A^^ deipuni, j^?^ ^^^^. 

d)OJj deiya, ^^t cSj^^. ^v^^i^ a 
gift ^r offering to demons. 

Tioi^^ divine 

^•djo^s^ treasure devoted to a 
dj^oJo 0=5^^1 deiyankade, <^^z'. To- 
wards god or a demon, s. An 
inclosure of an idol. 2. the 
name of a village. 
Co\Cdo^6 deiyare, s. The name of 

a demon. 
do^.F, c3)do deirya, ^^^ s^^oiior. 
N/d;j deiva, ^. A deity; God. 2. 
an evil spirit, a demon. 3. 
destiny, fate. adj. Divine, ce- 
lestial, —r^^^^—^o^ a divine 
act. -^a^j5, 
origin, God's will, 
ordained by God. -X3, -odo^^, 
— oSjseA fate, God's decree. 
— Aor® divine nature. — ^U<f3, 
— rioijioWES God's help. -20e; 
divine strength. — "siwso the 
face of God ; divine grace. 
d)Zy?)^^^ deivadhlna, adj. Sub- 
ject to God's will. s. Fate, 
God's decree; death. 
d)p^=^ deivika, adj. Divine. 
d^pjj^ deisuni, see ^i^Tio^. 2. see 

d^o^ donka, see &jto^. 

c3jSo=3' donka, adj. Tall. — eos;*^^) 

to grow tall. 
dJSo^^^Sc^ donkdvuni, c. v. {of 

;3jao3^o^) To cause to tread, 

dJSo^SD?;*^ donkas\;i, see d®o?r. 
>/dJSo=3'jc^ donkuni (cSj^c^), 7'. tz. 

To tread, trample. •si^os;^ — 

a Pariah woman to become 

pubescent, vlg. 

c3j3o^ donke 


c3J3=f, dokke 


dJ3o€, c3jSo=ac^ donke, donkeli^, 

see ^o^. 
c5j3o^o^ donkeliji, s. What has 
^ been trodden, adj. Trodden, 
P trampled. 
c3J5o/io^ donguni, see rfoAj^. 
dJSo^ donte, see ^Sjseoa 
cSjSo^ dondi, ^^^ <::ic>ozk>. 
-^cSj3orl donde, j. The throat. 
_?j^4^ (/^V. to wet the throat) 
to drink, allay thirst. 
c3Je)or3 donna, s. Self-confidence. 
— T^T? a man carrying a club ; 
a self-confident man. 
dj?)oras3^ donnappe, s. A self- 
confident or conceited man. 
si'cSJScrl donne, s. A cudgel, club,, 
dJSodsS^ dondappe, s. A com- 
4di3oa dondi, s. A small torch 
made of a rag. 
CoJScrfj dondu, ^. A couple, pair. 

2. ^^^ d®os^^. 
dJ?)oc5^D dondepuri, see ^jscd^D 
under ^jsod. 
IcSjSo^ donne, i". A cup made of 
plantain leaves, etc. — ^yj^^i 
to make such a cup. 
cSjSodi dompa, s. Apandal, shed, 
temporary covering of matted 
palm leaves, etc. ; cf. ei^TJ. 2. 
a frame-work of bamboos, etc. 
erected for training a creeper. 
—T^ 55eot5 Cynamopsts psora- 
lotdes, a kind of bean, -ziz^o 
the annual festival of a demon 

celebrated under a pandal. 
-zd sojaT^o the succulent creeper 
purslane, Basella rubra; cf. 

dJSoojodoj^ dompiyuni {^si>clS)^ 
v.n. To stumble. 
-/dJSo?^ dombi, ^. A mob, rabble. 

/ 2. a riot, uproar, ^tto^ a 
rioter, turbulent man. 

c5J5o^JO dombu, s. Sunshine, heat 
of the sun. — ^oi;^jt5 mirage. 
—^£p:i4^ the heat to decrease. 
— Ao zjt>r^^ to expose to the 
sun. — 20js-do?) the sun to 
shine. — ss^o^ the sun to 
strike. =^ciD— very hot. ^?j5— 
the morning sun. ^ocsoo— ,the 
evening sun. ^i^^ twilight. 

cSJSoSooa dombudi, see ^o'd6. 
JdJ3o23 dombe, ^. A tumbler, 
rope-dancer. — ^w tumbling, 
rope-dancing. -"^ eSo^ a 
female tumbler. 

do's 22 o^, dJSozSjs© dombel^, 
domboli, ^. A chap, cleft in 
the surface of the earth. 
JdJ3osJo6 dommare, see cSjsod. 

dj?)o?o domsa, see qi^o?j. 

dJS^c^^^o-^o, dJ3^j,^J dokkina- 
kulu, dokkulu, s. A mode of 
addressing high caste people 
by Pariahs. 

dJ5=^ dokke, s. Breath; breath- 
ing. ~^h^^ — ^S'jsT^J^, --2^hF^ 

—^ zyb^ to revive. — 'Sraodoo^, 
_s:;)TJo^ to cease to breathe; 
to expire. — oSo^o,^, _^o^^ to 

djsri dogga 


c3jsd dori 

dJSr^s:^ doggal^, ^. Kneeling. 

— stotI)^, -20.^Tio^ to kneel. 
dJSri^ dog'gu, adj. Kneeling. 

^tj^do lit. saluting on one's 

knees; submission, yielding. 

—li^y^o zji>iki^ to submit, yield. 
JdJSTij ^ dogg^uni (^^^^), "'• ^. To 

djsr^p© sjd^ doggoli padpe, s. 

A short kind of the vegetable 

Amarantiis oleraceus. 2. the 

dJStiO^ dojjal^, s. Uncleanli- 

ness; rubbish. - 

JdJtt;iJ^ dojjuni (^-^^), v.?i.To 

stammer]/ to hesitate. 
c3j5^ dojje, s. A stammerer. 
dj?)^, dotte, ^^^ j:^o4 . 
CjvJ3c^=ct'*' dodak^, ^^Z/". Perplexed, 

confused. 2. broken, damaged. 
dsissi dode, s. A greedy man; 

^. ^jhTid. 2. ^^^ j3j3etf. 3. see 

^jS. —j^^ greediness. 
J dJS(i dodda, «^*. Great, large. 

z3jsc6ocI doddanne, s. An elder 

djacaOvB doddanti, s. Birthday. 

dJSra rsc3Do3j doddanadaye, ^. A 

powerful man. 
dJSi^^oSo, J^jsz^ o3o doddappaye, 

doddaye, s. A father's elder 

CoJSCad doddare, s. A kind of 


JdS)ii6, dJid doddale, dodle, s. 
A wild orange, Atalantta 

JdJ3drv^?^, doddastige, s. Great- 
ness, loftiness. 2. riches, 
power. 3. ostentation, pride. 
dj^c^o doddu, see zioT^ . 2. see 

dJ3rl dodde, see ^^. 
~^dj^£^^^ donelyi, s. A club. 

djsrs doniia, see ^jsoc©. 
^dJ3d dodde, ^^^ ^js^. 

dJS^o^ donel^, ^^<? :3jsj66. 

dJSsS, doppe, ^. A kind of grass. 

z3j52J30 dobari, see rfo2a;)5. 

dJ^iX dobbi, see t^83^. ..^ 

JcSjszoo^ dobbu, s. Pushing, shov- 

/dJSicA^ dobbuni (^^^), 7'. 72. To 
push, shove, put off. 

dJ30o=g^ dorank^, .y^^ cSjaT^K. 
>/dJSdo=ajQ^ dorankuni, ^^^ cSjs-dg^o^. 

coJSdo/Y dorang^, ^^^ :3ja-dK. 

djsdorf^T^, dJsdocSjsOr^ do- 
randalige, dorandolige, s. Self- 
praise, egotism, elation. 

v/dJSd^^sJ^ dorakavuni, c. 7\ (of 
dmd'^o^'j To cause to obtain ; 
to procure. 

JdJ^^'^op dorakuni (d^T^F), v.n, 
& e. dat. To be got, obtained, 
procured, found. 
dJSC^=^ dorake, see ^J3"d^. 

€iS)tT\^ dorag]^, adj. Coarse, 

dJSd?^ dorasty, see c^T^o?io^. 

cSjsD dori, adj. Poured, as corn, 

etc.\ cf. dft5odoo?). 
cSjso?3'ss3^ doripavuni, c. v. {of 

cSjsb^^) To cause to flow down, 

dJ3D dori 


cSJS^do dodu 

run out, or run over as corn, 

v^JSOog^ doripuni (^js^), v. a. 
To shoot out as corn, etc., 
from a sack or bundle. 
'^dJSDOJoo^ doriyuni (^^S), 'V. n. 
"To flow down, run out, or 
run over as corn, etc., from 
a sack ^r bundle. 2.'^to 
fall, as rain, to shower, s/to 
feel a limb heavy. 
N^jsd dore, ^^^ sp^'^- 
t^T^T, dJStSro^ dorjji, dorjili^, ^. 

A kind of rafter. 
c^jslr^^ dorteli^, adj. Partially 
empty or loose, as a bundle 
of rice. 
dJS^r^, coJ^^ooF^ dorpuni, dor- 
buni, see i^js&s^o). 
^cSj?)^c=3^o^ d^lankuni (d^<^c^), 
^. ^. To relax, loosen. 
dJ5^3 dollu, t?^'. Useless, un- 
profitable, vain. 2. empty, 
void. 3. see zSjs^^.^. 
J^jsd dolle, s. Saliva, spittle. 

—tj^-do^ to cough hard. 
/dJS^o^, cSjs^oo^o^j dolank^, do- 
lunku, «^'. Loose, lax. .9. 
Looseness; also d©s^oo=^^. 
—^133 a to tie loose ; to 
>/cSjS^oo=ao^ dolunkuni (As'^oo^), 
z'. ;2. *To be loose, lax;' be 
dJ?)'^ dole, see ^sie>. 
dJS^o^c^ dolpuni, see -^.^^^j^. 2. 

dJS^a dollu, ^^6^ ^^"^i- 
/dJS^ dolle, see rS^f^. 
dJS^o^?^^ dontasu, s. A tall 
man; ^. iSjs^oa 
idJ?)eol3 donti, J. A long pole 
with a hook to pluck fruit. 
dJ?)^o'o3donte,^.Tallness, length. 
2. a tall man. adj. Tall, long. 
-?fDS long legs. -^5 a long 
cSJS^od^ dondala, see :^?cd^^^. 

dJ5^=^j doku, ^^^ ■^^^^^. 
7dJSer1 doga, ^. Crawling. 
YdJS^rio^ doguni (^^eK), -.'.^?. To 
crawl on hands and knees or 
in a sitting posture. I 2. to 
grub up grass. 

dx^y data, see ^j5?w. 

dJS^^ dote, see ^^o^. 

i^^^^xi^ dodane, :?. Furniture, etc. 

dJS^^oJoo^ dodiyuni (^?a), v.n'. 
To arrange. 2. to collect, 
gather, provide, store; cf. ^ 

dJ?.^<^ dode, ^. A talkative 
^dJS^r^ doni, ^. ^A boat. 2. a 
spirited or quarrelsome wo- 

dJ^^cl done, see c2jso?6. 

dJSe J dotra, ^. A Hindu's lower 
garment, the cloth wrapped 
round the loins. -^ ^o23 the 
colored borders of such a 

dJSecSj dodu, adj. Thin, watery. 

dJS^c3 dode 


Zj^.i^ draksha 

dJt^cSo^ dodel^i, s. Thinness. 

djs^e^ dobi, s. A washerman. 

dJS^d dora, see to^t^. 

cSJS^d^CT doraka, see uD^'dg'. 

dJS^dcl dorane, see ^j^e^^ 

c3j5eO dori, J-. A rope. 

dS!^T5 dore, ^. A kind of gold 
bracelet. 2. the thread used 
for fastening a knife to 
the legs of a cock in cock- 

dJ5^6^^o5o dorekayi, s. A ripe 

dJS^rtroc:^ dorg^anda, see rfoXry. 

dJ3^e;o^, djs^^rio^ dolante, do- 
lagante, s. A drum and bell, 
JdJ^^O doll, see ^.«es5. 

dJS^^o dolu, s. A drum. — eoo^ 
a pot-belly, -rf ^tj the hollow 
cylinder or hemisphere of a 

dJS^?3 dole, s. A man with a pot- 

dJS^^, cSjs^Psj dosha, dosa, ^. 
Fault, defect, blemish. 2. sin, 
offence, crime. 3. error, mis- 
take. — "dSoii a man of unble- 
mished character. 
-/cjsQ^?3 dose, s. A cake of rice 

rSxeQi, dosti, s. Friendship, inti- 
macy. 2. a friend. 

cSj?^^"^ dola, s. Desire. 2. the 
lin plant. 

cSjs^^ doli, see zSja?«5., 

dJS^v^o dolu, see daecw. 

cSjS^^ dolki, s. A small drum. 

d^oaj dou'fjsa, see z^^cTi. 

d^do doudu, s. A gallop. 2. a 

quick motion. 3. arrogance. 

4. speed, haste. cj^cs^cfsa 

great haste. 
■s/z^d doude, s. The jaw, cheek. 

~K €j?>hF^ to slap the cheek. 
z^^ douta, .?. Loss, destruction. 

-■^0^0^?) to destroy. 
(:f^«B douti, ^. An ink-stand. 

d^c5oh, d^^oh dourangi, dou- 
langi, s. A long coat 

23^5^3^, z^6j^^o doulatu, doulo- 
tu, s. Eule, government. 2. 
pomp, ostentation. 

C3^^o doulu, ^^^ ^ex). 

C3^sS douve, ac/y. Toothless. 

^^zi dravida, see zs^^ri. 

gs^n dravya, s. Wealth, proper- 
ty, substance. 2. elementary 
substance, namely: earth, 
water, fire, air, ether, time, 
space, soul, intellect. 

^^S"?^^ dravyase, j*. Love of 
gold, avarice. 

C3^^c^ dravida, adj. Dravidian 
or Tamil. ~^^^ properly the 
country from Madras to Cape 
Comorin. — so^j^^r® a Brahmin, 
native of the South of the 
' Vindya mountains. — epMone 
of the Dravidian languages. 

z^M . zz'?.'§ draksha, drakshe, s. 
Grapes. — ^jaeU a vineyard. 
—zxa-ri^ the grape vine, -"did 

dA^so droha 


i^d dhara 

ds^.eza droha, i". Treason, treach- 
ery, rebellion, revolt. ^^^^ 
apostasy. ?Js^so_ treason. 
j3^e^ an apostate, traitor, 

d od dvandva, ^. A couple, pair. 
2. strife, dispute. — orfoorf 
single combat. -?d^:ra?j a form 
of grammatical combination 
of words. 

C3-? d dvara, s. A door. — =^, — s:^ 
e^^ a doorkeeper. 

£3^,^^ dvaraka, s. The city where 
Krushna, reigned. 

a dvi, ^^'. Two 

atsj dvija, «^'. Twice born. 
s. The oviparous class of 
animals, as birds, snakes, 
fish, eU'., which are first born 
in the shell or egg and then 
produced from it. 

ats-SsI dvijati, s. One of the 
twice born castes. 

DeE dvije, s. A Brahmin, whose 
investiture with the sacred 
thread is supposed to con- 
stitute a second birth. 

a^^ojo dvitlya, adj. Second. 
^^^^ the accusative case. 

^^^d dvipade, s. A metrical 
composition in couplets. 

asj-^a dvipadi, s. A biped. 

a^ds^c^ dvivacana, s. The dual 

number, ^ram. 
a^^ dvividha, adj. Twofold. 
a^d dvipa, .v. An island. 
d e^ dvesha, s. Hatred, enmity. 

~Tk>^^^ to hate, detest. 
d)i dveita, s. Dualism. —-^^ 

a sect that regards God and 

matter as distinct. ^3^^^ one 

of this sect. 

z^ dha, The thirty-second letter 

of the alphabet. 
d^ dhakka, see ^^^. —-^^-^ 

a peremptory demand. 
qS=^ dhakke, see ^'^^. 
:^d dhade, see ^^. 2. see ^zf. 
q^es dhani, ^^^ ^oi. 
q^cl dhane, ^^^ ^?2. 
qj^ dhana, ^. Riches, wealth, 

property. — siS, q^^sD^siS Ku- 

bera; a wealthy person. — ^o 

;^ a rich man. 


qS^ dhani, s. A proprietor 
master, lord. 2. a wealthy 
man. 3. see 4^0^- 

j^^=§ dhanike, s. A wealthy 

2^^:). q$c^j?o-^ dhanu, dhanussu, s. 
A bow. 2. the ninth solar 
month. — ^^ the sign Sagit- 
tarius. z^^oq!i>Fb an archer. 

q^^^3^(;ijsJ3^ dham^dhumi^i, see h^ 

qjd dhara, see c^^.' 

q^d dhara 


(^1)6 dhare 

z^^co^ dharan^, s. An old coin 
equivalent to one Rupee. 

q^des dharana, see t?3T^?6. 

q5dr3, t^O^, q^ddharani, dharitri, 
dhare, s. The earth. rj^rS^B a 

qi&:^o^, q^Oij?)r?o^ dharisuni, 
dharitonuni (v^), ^. ^. To 
wear, dress, put on, assume a 
form. 2. to retain in mind, 
hold. ©^3DTi— to become in- 
carnate. A^F— to become 
pregnant. ^■^^- to be silent. 

qJdcF dharma, s. Justice. 2. 
charity, liberality. 3. duty, 
obligation. 4. usage, practice, 
5. fitness, propriety. 6. vir- 
tue, merit. -^^^ a wedding 
in which the bridegroom in- 
curs no expense. — ^^^ a 
wedded wife. — -odoSo the 
oldest of the Pandu princes ; 
Yama. — a^^, a code of laws. 
-^jsbF^, -Tio^^^ to give alms. 
^-do^^^ to do justice. 

q$sJJ5)r?l)^ dharmanuje, s. A 
charitable man. 

q^^^jSFer, q^s^jsrq^F dharmarta, 
dharmartha, adj. Gratuitous, 
charitable, free. z^^j^fs^f 
5, :;i;^j?)rijsrXo gratuitously, 
freely, gratis. 

qS^vj?rqi;:jr dharmadharma, ^. 
Right and wrong. [judge. 

qjSjJi)r^§c>Ddharmadhikari, s. A 

qJiDor, qJ0jr3| dharmi, dharmi- 
slithe, s. A charitable or liber- 
al man. 

q^Sj^ dhavala, adj. White, fair. 
—•^^F white colour, 

q^d^ dhavali, j. A white cow. 

cp'^^^, 9^^o dhaty, dhatu, s. The 
pulse. 2. any constituent 
part of the body, as flesh, 
blood, elc. 3. a primary or 
elementary substance, as 
earth, air, efc. 4. the proper- 
ty of a primary element, as 
odour, colour, eU. 5. a gram- 
matical root. 6. a fossil or 
mineral. 7. the tenth year 
in the Hindu cycle of sixty. 
~^^ spermatorrhoea, emis- 
sio seminis. —4^, full pulse ; 

zp)^(^ dhanya, s. Grain, corn in 

qsDd^q^osjy dhami^dhum^, s. 
Prodigality, dissipation. 2. 
the noise of a drum or a 

q5i)d dhara, see tro-d. 

qradcl dharane, s. Price, charge. 
2. holding, having, maintain- 
ing, wearing. 3. keeping the 
mind collected, breath sus- 
pended, and all natural wants 

zp)Uz)di^ dharadatta, adj. Given 
bypouring water on the hand. 
-•di^j^^ to give by pouring 
water on the hand. 
J q]c)6 dhare, .y.-^Sharpness, as of 
a knife, elc. 2. the stream of 
a jet of water poured. 3. a 
wedding ceremony. ~^i;^^) 

UD^ dhava 


sJ^cdjF dheirya 

to pour water efc. in a 
stream. —-Bol^^ to solemnise 
a wedding by pouring water 
on the hands of the bride 
and bridegroom- 

^dvB dhavati, s. Thirst, desire, 
ardour, heat, hotness. 

zpe)53 dhavu, s. Heat, warmth. 

2. purse-pride, pride of wealth. 

3. being care-worn from ex- 
cessive love of money. 

zp-5^ dhave, sec ^^^. 

p^sio3, ^^s^oi dhimati, dhlmate, 
s. A wise or intelligent man. 

^e^ dhira, cidj. Brave. 2. firm, 
steady, —^^bravery, boldness, 

^^6 dhire, s. A hero. 

-Zj^jsS dhukku, see ^"^^^ 2. see 

Z^)^d dhuttu, ^c;lj. Reproached, 
reviled. 2. abandoned, de- 

q^o^ dhuni, s. A river. 

2^^0200 do 200 dhubudubu, i"^^ "rfo 200^^. 

j^jd dhura, s. War. 

^ocJoqiO dhurandhara, adj. Pow- 
erful, able. z^dT^oz^-6 a strong 
or powerful man. 

q^oD, q^oS=^ dhuri, dhurike, s. A 

^oO^ra dhurina, s. A bad disposi- 
tion or mind. 

q^odo dhuru, s. A yoke. 

do =5^0 dhukshu, ad/. Elevated. 

^jS3i dhupa, s. Incense. — rf "^^Ti, 
--3oy.6 a censer. -:^ -^-^ the 

dammer tree Valeria indica ; 
cf. ^oc2js<^}^. —^ ^jsodoFj its 
resin. — ?:^o."^^ to burn in- 
q^JS3joEOo«|g dhupambutti, see ^S) 

^JSo3c)d3, CjSjSaJe)vlr, SJ^i^og^^ 

dhuparati, dhuparti, dhupundi, 
.y. A censer. 

qjJS^^^ dhupipuni (q^^^-), v. a. 
To offer incense, burn in- 

q^JSsJo dhuma, ^. Smoke. — =?f?^o 
a comet. 

q^JSsJo^ dhumala, see ij^js^oj. 

q^J5s:^Js^vB dhumivati, see a^o 

q^JSs^o dhumra, s. A sort of 
purple colour compounded of 
black and red. — ^^ tobacco. 

q^JSsSo^ dhumre, s. The name of 
a demon. 

qSJS^r dhtirta, ^4/. Fraudulent, 
crafty. — ^e^, — <^^^3 crafti- 
ness; dissimulation. x^.-^-i.'F a 
deceitful man. 

q$J5)?oo dhusu, ^^^ ^^-o. 

q^js;5s3^ dhuselij, see cij5?6^. 
'^q^JSi^o dhulu, -y. Dust. -^r? 
mildew; ^/. ^^^'^• 

j^^^o dhenu, i". A milch cow. 

^^F^o=5^D, 2pc?^o=^ dhenukari, dhe- 
nuke, s. A name of Krushna. 

^>pJor dheirya, s. Courage, 
bravery. 2. firmness, steadi- 
ness. — j^oSo a courageous 
man, adventurer. — 3o?^ a 


djsd dhode 


^oa^ nandy 

timid man, coward. — -rfos^Ov 

^ to take courage. 
c^jJt'd dhode, see di^'S. 
c^JSdodDri, (^JSdodST^dhoranda- 

rige, dhorandalig-e, see d'a-dosi 

J^JSd dhore, s. A master, lord, 
king, ruler. 2. a European. 
—^^ sovereignty, lordship, 
mastership. — ?iso) a lady, 

^JS^^s'j dhoku, see rfjse^o. 

:^JS^d dhode, 5-£^^ d-se^. 

c^JS^OcI dhorane, ^. Manner, way, 
mode. 2. display. 3. prowess. 
4. ability. 

zp3 dhouta, adj. Washed, 
cleansed, white. — sjoe^o 
washed cloth. 

zpih^ dhyana, s. Meditation, 
reflection. ~t^:>^^^ to medi- 

2ji3^^^^ dhyanipuni (v^^^), 7-. ;/. 
To meditate, reflect. 

q^^c^ dhvamsa, s. Loss, de- 
" struction, extinction. ~tS:>^\ 
a to destroy, desolate, anni- 

rf ti dhvaja, s. A flag, standard, 

ri ^ dhvani, s. Sound, voice, 
noise, report. 


?^ na, The thirty-third letter of 

the alphabet. 
^0^^ nanku, (pron. dat. plur. 

of N^o) To us. 
Jc^oA^ nang^, s. A kind of fish. 

— s3d5 useless paddy. 

ic^orioS c^orlo^ nangar^, nangaly, 
.y. An anchor. 

J?iot3,r^o2^nanji,nanju,^. Poison. 
2. puerperal convulsions. 3. 
impurity in the blood, scro- 
fulous tendency. 4. the af- 
ter-birth. 5. envy, jealousy. 
6. see t^oti. adj. Poisonous, 
impure, unwholesome. -w) 
O90 Menispermum cocculus; 
any unwholesome fruit, -cro 


o?o a man with a scrofulous 
constitution ; a malicious 
man. -.-^^6 a poisonous tree. 
— ■rfoo<^o^ a poisonous thorn. 
— T5j2eA a scrofulous disease. 
— xiTO^^r, — -s^^i^o anything tend- 
ing to deteriorate the quality 
of blood. — i^-do^, — ^jt)-djr'i to 
have puerperal convulsions. 
rjo^iood nanjunde, s. A name of 

Jc^o^jfioyAi.^i f^3^^ nant^, nan- 
tastigfe, nantu, s. Kin, rela- 

fiocs^ nandy* ^^j- Chronic, viru- 

-i lent, festering. -^^2. shrunken, 

shrivelled; also ?^crf. _ ^;3 

^o;:^ nanda 


dampness. —4^ a festering 
sore. —^ji'So a shrivelled 
nose. — -sS^jS a slender spring 
or fountain. ~^iioj^ to be- 
come shrunken or shrivelled. 
— K 20.^-do^ to become indu- 

^od> nanda, s. The foster-father 
of Krishna; also ^jos^tRjs?^, ?io 
dTj3c5o. _7;.^e3^oe; Krishna's 

^ocif^ nandana, ^. Delight, joy. 
2. the twenty-sixth year in the 
Hindu cycle of sixty. 3. 
Indra's garden; a pleasure 
garden; also ^o-u^^-^^. 

F^oCJn nandane, s. A son. 

fdodS=^ nandarike, s. A class of 

(dod^ nandala, ^. A lamp-post 
in front of a temple. 

cdocs^a^sj nandadlpa, s. A lamp 
always kept burning before 
an idol. 

^cD nandi, s, Ji bull. 2. one of 
Siva's principal attendants; 
also ^oti^^t^-3. 3. joy, plea- 
sure. 4. the name of a man. 
—■Rjt^^ the name of a demon; 
the statue of a bull. — 2oy^€ 
a kind of white flower. 

cooS:^ nandini, ^. A daughter. 
2. a celestial cow. 

?^o2«:C)3j nambaye, .y^^ J^oe!). 

cdosoo^ nambar^, s. A number. 2. 
a suit, case. 3. any criminal 
proceedings. 4. an imputa- 
tion, charge. 

cdoSOD's^ nambarapu, see sscec 

c^oeo^s^^ nambavuni, c.v. {of t^o 
20o^j To make believe, in- 
spire with confidence. 2. to 
hoax, deceive. 
/(dot^ nambi, s. A Vaishnava 
priest; also ?io8!)odje)o3o, ?^o8!) 

l-^otjfs nambige, s. Fidelity, 
faithfulness, honesty, loyalty. 
2. trust, confidence, belief, 
faith. -trooSo a confidential 
or trustworthy man. 
?doeoo^ nambudi, s^e ?^c20js5. 
^/(^o^oo^ nambuni (?:o^^), t. a. 
To believe, trust, rely upon, 
place confidence or faith in. 
Jc^o2JJ?)0 namburi, s. A Brahmin 
of Malabar. 
c^oZoJSOr^ nambolige, sec •^o'^-R. 
^osjosj nammavu, see t^-^. 
^)o^J^^ nammike, i-^^ t^o^T(. 
-^c^a^jjo^ nammuni, ^^<? ?^o20o^. 

^^ naka, ^. The shell of a fish. 

cf. "^1^6^1)^020. 2. see ^so. 

— AOcji a kind of perfume. 
^^DoJoo^) nakariyuni, see ^€tjo^. 

co=s^2:^ nakal^, s. A copy, tran- 
script. —6^^, —2Z-6l.^to copy, 
transcribe; to take a copy. 
~-^:>^o^^ to make a rough 
J^^C* nakali, s. Ridicule, satire, 
caricature; imitation, adj. 
Spurious, counterfeit. — asofj 
a buffoon, satirist. — -sIj^j.^ 


^^D naka- 340 ^^ nacca 


to ridicule, caricature; to 

c^s="5)& nakari, (2dj. Useless, worth- 
less, adj. Inferior. 

f^^o^ nakula, s. A mungoose. 
2. the fourth of the five 
Pandu princes. 

^^^ nakera, s. A nail, claw. 
adj. Claw-like 

(d^C)j?i nakeruni (?^^^), ^. n. 
J To neigh. -^. to titter, giggle. 

c^=d"3)SjooI3, nakkamutti, s. A sort 
of gambling. 

^^sj^ nakkavuni, c. v. (of ^^Oj 
n) To cause to lick. 
Jc^^o.^ nakkuni (^^^), 2:'. «. To 

lick, lap. 
i?^=3*o^dj nakkuru, s. An earth- 
worm. 33^^— a red worm. 

^=^do^ nakkeruni, see ^€-do^. 

F^^.^o nakkelu, see 

6 Q' 

c^^d nakkele, s. 

A man who 

licks, especially the plate in 

which food had been served. 

2. a greedy man. 

r^^,€) nakkeldi, s. An abandoned 

woman. I.thefem.oftr^^^. 
^■^. nakra, s. A crocodile. 
=3\e34^ nakrajittu, s. Vishnu's 




N^CT.rfodpCi nakramaddoli, J. A 

?j=^jj nakru, ^tv 


oJ^ nakli, .y^?^ ?^?re5. 

fgSj nakha, ^. A nail, talon, 
claw. 2. a fragrant suhstance 
resembling a nail. 

cdsjrlo^ nakhaguti, s. A market 

n^'SSj^ nakhavali, ^. A row, as 
of nails. 

?^^ nakhi, s. A perfume. ^^*. 
Having claws. 

(dr»^^^ nagiipuni, see oif\^^. 
Jc^rl nag^a, i". ^Jewels, ornaments- 
2.N/goods, property. 3. a ' 
mountain. 4. a sailing vessel 
or craft, -v^ Vishnu. 

^rics^ nagad^, adj. Fibrous; nap- 
py. 2. overgrown. 

f^r1c3^, ^rla nagadiji, nagadi, s. 
Ready money, cash. — ^as^r^ 
to pay in cash. 
^fdriD% oJrid nagari^, nagara, ^. A j 
city, town. 2. the name of a 
town. ~^T)^ a citizen, towns- 

c^rio, c^ns)D, Fsn^sdnagari, nagari, 
nagare, .y. A large kettle- 

^fi nage, s. Mouldiness, rotten- 
ness. -^^2s>^ to moulder, 
become mouldy; to be rot- 

f^ri^^ nagepuni (n:^), v. n. To 
mould, get rusty, 
s/f^n^ naggi^, adj. Stunted, not 
fully developed. — a:^5 stunt- 
ed paddy, 
f^n* f^jfijnaggijinuggu, adj. Stunt- 
ed, diminutive. 

i^'ds nacca, ^. Pricking, 
int?. 3. .yfc'^ c^^. 

prick, peck. 

2. peck- 

-s3^^ to 

^2^ nacca 



^d nada 

7i'0 ^ naccatra, see ?:! J>^^- 
^2i nacce, ^'^^^ ^^. 

r^tiD^ najarii, ^. Sight, seeing. 
2. estimate, value- 3. a pre- 
sent to a superior. — 3DcaS 
tie^^i to keep in surveillance. 

^U nata, ^^^ ^^^• 

t^^F^y natanata, adc\ Briskly, 
J nimbly. -/2.with a crackling 
noise. —^€^^ to frisk, 

^z^^ jnatane, s. A dance, danc- 
ing. 2. sham respect or 
^^e);3 natavu, see ^^^4- 
Jt^yo^s'o, natuku, s. Cracking the 

>^^^,, -^kX natt^, natta, ad/. Beg- 
ging; beggarly. ~4^ sores 
about the underlip, believed 
to be curable only by partak- 
ing of food earned by beg- 

td^ natta, see ^^,. 

' / 

J-t^y, natta, <2^;? Middle, central. 

2. trifling. — F^ci?5 midnight. 

-^^ a trifling, bit. --^qroo^i 

-i-c^^^, F^^'s.sS natta, nattavu, s. 

A loan, lending. ^^6^4X0 

^j^hF^ to lend. 
Jt^to.s^Q:inattavuni,^.'6'. (0/^^^^^) 

To cause to beg; to send for 

>L^13, natti, s. Planting, trans- 

planting. ~r^-R-6 a kind of 

tobacco grown in Soutli- 

c^eJj.o5^o3j, n£3 s5 nattunaye, nat- 

tele, s. A beggar; a beggarly 

n/^^j^ nattiini (^^), "^'-a. Tobeg, 

request, apply, pray. 
c^^J5.r1o=^J2^r^ nattogukorpini, 

see under e^&d,. 


cdcs^^^ nadupini, .y£^^ ?:^^^. 

/f^c^=^ nadake, .s-. Walking. 2. 
pace, gait. ^^^- travelling 
on foot. 
^dtt nadatara, see ^rio^^. 

y-^di nadate, .y. behaviour, con- 
duct. 2. intercourse, fami- 
liarity. ^^o^K ^xii Qsjs! 
they have no intercourse with 
each other. 

>/o}diJ5r?o^ nadatonuni, refl. v. 
{of t>'d^tS) To behave, con- 
duct one's self. 

v>^d^^y nadapata, jt. Walking, 
exercise. 2. behaviour, con- 

7?^c^53"s^^, f:;d^do2^ nadapavuni, 
nadapudnni, c. v. {of -^rir^^) To 
cause to Avalk. 2. to manage, 
direct, guide, lead. 
■^dt^ nadapu, see ^riz^D'd. 

J^d-^)^ nadapuni (^<^), I'.'^i. To 
walk, proceed, go on. 2. to 

^dzicid nadamada, s. Noise, cry- 

^dO nadari, s. The periodical 
feast of a temple. 

^ui nada 


)fl nane 

^zit nadare, ^. A native heartli. 
c^^sJO nadavari, see ^zit. 

^dz^^=§ nadavalike, s. Inter- 
course, familiarity. 2. ma- 
nagement, control. 

(^:3e)s:j^ nadavali, s. A grand festi- 
val occurring once in 1 2 years 
at Dharmasthala. 

oS^ nadi, s. Behaviour, conduct, 
walk. ?jj^— , see under cviS. 

(^<^=^, Ncl?^ nadike, nadige, see 

Af^^Cojo^ nadiyuni {^^^), I'.n. To 
be planted, or transplanted. 
"^^Tf nadir^, see -^T^^h. 

^^23^ nadilli;i, s. The middle 
room of a house. 

r^^^D^, -^^^-d"F nadiri^, nadirl^, 
s. Midnight. 
n/^:^o nadu, s. Centre, middle. 
2, the waist, loins, adj. Cen- 
tral, middle. — 7^j3?i§ a middle 
<?r cross wall. -3=t)^ the court- 
yard before a house. -^-^^ 
-^£, the crown of the head. 
— sso3o one who is in the 
middle ; an intermediate son 
or brother. -;^ct1) a middle 
piece. -xidK the middle arm. 
— :2j3080o the midday-sun. 
-^os?o^ the backbone. -^^ 
midnight. ~^€ the middle 
row. -=jyj^^ to gird up the 
loins, -^rcf^ic'i to have pain in 
the loins. --tj^^T^ to hold by 
the waist. ^ ^^ 

N:i:o2oo«s^o nadumbulu, see ^-^^^ts 

y^ic^j.iw^ naduguni (?:'ooK), v. ii. 
To tremble, shake, shiver, 
quake, totter. 

c^dorio^j^'^ri naduguroga, s. The 
palsy, tremor. 

V^c^jaC nadutara, adj. Middling 
c3j:^0o^^ nadupuni, see •^t:>t^^. 

>/nC^o^^o nadupulu, s. The waist, 

N(:^o^os^^ naduvantadi, s. The 
residence of a priest. 
V^dod^ naduvadi, s. Conduct. 
2. a customary observance. 

F^djs^cl naduvane, adj. Central, 
middle. ^toc2j the inter- 
mediate brother. 

?^3^o^r? naduvandi, s. The inter- 
mediate daughter or sister. 

^::3od naduve, ^^^ ?:^"0. 
>/ncI nade, ^'.-AValk, step, gait.-^2. 
conduct, behaviour. 3. a 
closet, side-room. 4. the lower 
space between the two veran- 
das of a house or temple. 
-:is?oSo a cloth spread on the 
road for a procession to pass 
over. -jJo^i conduct and 
speech, or word and deed. 

?:>do3^a naddantadi, see ?:^:1j^o 

A^.|^^ nadpini ("5), v. a. To 

'^^•dt nanavare, see e^jt-s^s^. 
f^rJ^*, ?jr5s3 nanil^, nanile, see 

if^pf nan^, adj. Wet, moist. 



jd^jo namu 

/?^5^, f^s^, ?^i-r natti^, nattu, 

nartu, .^. A female's ornament 

for the nose. 
1^3^07^ nattin^e, s.JAu owlet. 

2. a man who is partially 

F^uJ^D^, fodc' naduru, nadaru, see 

^S) nadi, ^\ A river. 
i Fjc^, r^r^^'s nana, nanala, adz'. Yet, 
still, once more, farther on. 
CA)c:2cS ^^ ^j<^o5o I shall no 
more do this. ^^^^^ ^^^ he 
has not yet come. 

^F2^^ nanapini, see ^^^^. 

fi^idD^ nanavarike, see ^^^5^. 

^^=^ nanike, s. A brother-in- 

N?5i3'5)4?j nanepavuni, c. 7-. (^o/^^ 
°-^) To make wet, to moisten, 

nanapini, nanepuni, naneyuni, 
nanevuni (^^), t-. n. To be 
moist, wet, damp. -"^ ^^cri 
i.^ou^T) ^fj^ lit. if the hand 
be wet, the throat also will 
be wet; if you work, you will 
Jf^^S naneri (?^^«5&), s. Wet rice. 

^^■5)?v^ napasi^, see ?3d^cj. 

^^oX^o' napumsaka, «^". Neuter. 
— ^^ impotency. —Oca the 
neuter gender. n^c?j?? a 

i^fj nape, ^^^ f^v- 

^^d nappada, ^^^ f^^^- 

~;^^ nappu, ^. Injury, degrada- 
■^t,^ nappe, see ^^css^^ 2. see ^#. 
?^^ naphe, ^. Profit, gain, ad- 
vantage; also ^^• 
^::i23s;e^ nababu, see ^^"5. 
^23 nabe, see ^^. 
c^e^j, ^i^rf nabha, nabhassi^, ^. 
The sky, atmosphere. 2. a 
cloud. ^t^.??^o-rfej the firma- 
Jc^^do nama, pro7z. {pi. of co.-^^) 
We, including the person or 
persons addressed \ cf. oSoo^o 
^0. ;jo^4 ours. ^o^ijsoSo 
one of us, one of our party. 
^do^ namana, s. The act of 

cj^o^le:', ^v:^"^-^ namanatyi, na- 
manama, s. Union. — (^^oi to 
J c^^oD^ namaru, see n^. 

r^dj?o,D4>^ namaskaripuni {J^-^ 
\ 7i;5), 7'. n. To bow, make 
' obeisance. 

fJsjja:?;.0, ^^0^0 namaskara, na- 
i masya, s. Salutation, prostra- 
! tion, obeisance; also ^s^^^^. 
' _33D:^o?ito prostrate, fall down. 
—■^'^jk^ to salute, bow, do 
^O.^^, N^J?io^ namipuni, na- 
misuni (^^^c3), v. a. To bow, 
reverence, do obeisance. 
^^ojfS, f^^ojs^ namune, namune, 
s. A pattern, sample, model, 

?:;joj? camu 


f^d nara 

Fj ^ojj £) ?o j ^ namudisuni (^i^j^si^) , 
7', a. To mark; to mention, 
state, show. 
^^':>s^ti:i namudu, ^. Appearance, 
mark. 2. mentioning, stating, 
showing, ^-^h^ to appear, 
be mentioned. — -^So^o^^ to 
mention, show. 
^s5o^^ namepuni, see ?^sos^^. 
Jc^sSjojoOq^ nameyuni (^^o), v.n. 
To wear away. 2. to become 
^sSj^j^ nameluni, see a^c^oo^. 
f^s:^j, namma, see eo^o. 
k;^ namra, ^^'. Humble, sub- 
missive, gentle, -s^, ~^^ hu- 
mility, submissiveness, gentle- 
J-^oio naya, i". ^Gentleness, meek- 
ness. 2:^ kindness. sV fine- 
ness, polish, softness, delicacy. 
4fu bait to catch alligators, 
^.''cheapness. 6. see f3Dnodo. 
Y2^'. Fine, soft, smooth, glossy. 
2.gentle, meek. S.'^dnd. ^4. 

or gentle disposition. — ?^ja, 
~^zi^:iTi an elegant expression 
^r kind word. 
fv"D5j=aJoiOJ nayikumbu, adj. Half 
cotton and half woollen. 2. 
see sSjsotSo. 3. see ?5js <^oo20o. 

^oSj^jsC) nayikuli, .y. The tree 

Wrightia tinctoria. 
tdo^j^ nay ike, see c^odo^. 2. j^^ 

r^D*"NOd:)nar^iiuru, ^. see ^::^JAO-da. ' 
-i (^iZ/'.-^Bruised. 
if^d nara, ^. A vein, nerve, ten- 
c^d nara, s. A man. «^y. Human. 
_ai?^, -3i(5^ human existence. 
I — SiuS mankind. — 20s5 human 
sacrifice. — e3j3o^ the earth, 
nether world. — ^^^o murder. 
-/F^doTio^ naranguni (^^oK), 7'. //. 
To waver, hesitate, be reluc- 
c^docs^ narandu, see ^^^. 
Jf^doEoo narambu, s. A sinew, 
nerve, pulse, —'^y:^^ sinews - 
to contract, to feel cramped. 
?^d=5^ naraka, s. Hell, hades. 2. 
dirt, filth. -^ #jsoc^ the abyss 
of hell. -3i ^.5 the hell-fire. 
— ■^es^cS hell-torments. 
?^d^"3o^=^ narakantake, s. A 
name of Yishnu. \m2i.. 

c^d^"393i3narakadhipati, .v. Ya- 
c^d^ naraki, adj. Hell-worthy. 
2. dirty, filthy. 

cheap. -Xof^.-'^oc; an amiable >1 r^d^o^ narakuni (?^^^), r. rz. To 



^o^JojO nay ip ill, .y^^- ^o^:>h 

sigh, groan, moan, grumble. 

J (dd'^d narakele, ^. A grumbler. 

Vc^Crij^j^ naraofuduni (n^aoS), 
7'. a. To bruise, crush ; to tor- 
c^orlj^i naraguni, see fSri^o^. 

y?ddr(jD naraguri, s. A sheepish 
man, coward. 
Fjdrij?^^ naraofoli, see 3^1i7^;se^. 
Jr^oUj^ naratuni (J^O), r-. 77,. To 
grumble; 9^. ^^0^. 

^d nara 


fS^r narta 

J f^dca* naradu, ^.^Roiigliness.^2. 
a wart, protuberence. n/3. 
stuntedness. 4. false preg- 
nancy. ^^WRough, craggy, 
Ip "Stunted. 

r^dd^d, ^6t>^ naradeva, narapa- 
ti, s. A human ruler. 

^C^^ naranara, «^'. Slow, gentle. 
— £2?^ slow labour. 

nCo5)D narapuri, s. A mortal. 

f^ddj?)^, F^d^.j^F^, ^ddj3?3^ na- 
ramani, naramane, naramanye, s. 
Man; a mortal, 
i r^doSj naraye, ^.^A kind of crane, 
y/ ^. a grey-haired man. -^. a 
white-spotted ox. adj. Grey. 
Jfdd^o^ naraluni, see ^^^^o). 
(dds^ naravu, see ^-d. 
(ddn)o3o narasiMa, ^. The fourth 
incarnation of Vishnu. 
J r^d^o^ naraluni, ^^^ ?i-d^o^. 
ND^Cj^^onaradhame, s. The mean- 
est of mankind. 
?^Da)p^vl naradhipati, s. The 
ruler of men. 
J fdD nari, s. A jackal, fox. 
f^D=^ narike, ^£^6' ?3^r. 
f^D5g naripu, see ^^f. 

i cidor»odj,f^dofd:)do naruguru, na- 
runuru, s. A crack, crash. 
2. a sound produced while 
eating anything crisp. 

J^doS^s^o naruvolu, s. A kind of 
aromatic tree of which the 
leaves are used for curry or 
medicine, Saccharnni Mimja. 

■^t nare, see ^. 
v^^6 nare, s. Greyness, hoariness- 
adj. Grey, hoary. —'&odd6^ 
—^■6 grey hair. — ^c5o a grey- 
haired man. —zoLf^ to be- 
come grey. 
^6ot\ narengi, see ^eT5o7\. 
c^dorio^ narenguni (nt5cK), z'.a. 
To hesitate; c/. ^tS^o^. 
s/^6oA6 narengele, s. A dull, 
tardy, slow, hesitating man. 
J^63> nareti, s. A white-spotted 
c^d^^^ nareluni, see ?;M^'o^. 
v/^jd^S^ narevuni (?2^), t'. n. Hair 
to become grey, grow white. 
c^d^og^ narendrsj s. A king. 
cd=ar narka, ^^^ ^^^ 
>ic^=aor^ narkuni, .y^^ jii^^o^. 
f^^F narke, i". The skin, hide, 
7cdn-sreJ nargata, ^. Bruising. 
v/c^n-srsj^ nargavuni, 6-. z'. (0/ ^ 

AOF^) To bruise, crush. 
T^rioF^ narguni (^^0' "'• ^•''To 
be bruised, crushed. 2yto be 
close, as a cluster of fruits. 
c^rioFdo narguru, see e^tjoaotjo. 
. -^A'f6 nargele, .?. A grumbler. 
co3^F?^j^oFnartunurtu, adv. For- 
cibly ; by dint of perseverance. 
^^F narta, adj. Soft, pure. 

F^3Ff\ nartage, s. A dancer, 

^iF^ nartana, s. Dancing, act- 
ing. -rfo^Ox^^ to dance. 

^|r narte 


N^ nava 

]^ir narte, s. A bivalved shell- 
fish, mollusk. 

c^^rd narnara, see ^TjoA^-do. 

ri^^Fir^c^ narnurtely, ac/j. Half 

^^r narpu, s. Deserting, for- 
saking. 2. disgust, dislike. 

fd^r^ narpuni (?^^), 7\ a. To 
desert, forsake. 2. see ^hr^. 
7J. n. To be disgusted. 

^!do^ narma, ^. Sport, amuse- 
ment, pleasure. 

rd^oFCJ narmada, s. The river 

c^^jF^ narluni (^^^^), ^'. /2. To 
rattle, as phlegm in the 
J throat. -i2. see fjtj^o^. 

F^^Fc^ narvante, ^. A small uni- 
valved shell-fish, mullusk. 

f^^'^F^o narvolu, see f^t^o^qc^j. 

*/c^o% fJ^ naliji, nala, adj. Good. 
2. cheap. 

■^^j nala, ^"^6' ?^^. 

c^orio^^ nalaguni (?^<^^), "'. ^. To 
J grumble, murmur. 2.>/to 
fade, wither. 3>/to be pro- 
strated, reduced from sick- 
ness; Cf. ^Tii^O^i. 

J^O nali, s. Dent, dimple, as of 
a metallic vessel. — ^■^^i to 
remove the dimple of such a 
vessel. — eojs-^^ofi to be indented. 
J r^0=c? nalike, s. Dancing, jump- 
ing. —crooS: a dancer ; one of 
the class of demon-dancers. 
FjOt^ nab>e, see ^«9. 
cj^N nalina, s. The lotus. 

JtiO^^ nalipuni (^s^), ^'. t^.-^o 
dance, leap; to turn round. 
■u. a. To let falL as a vessel. 
-t -^ indent, bruise. 
^N©oJoo^ naliyuni (^s^), v.?i. To 
be indented, dimpled, as a 
metallic vessel. 
F^SioSo naliye, see ^^^H. 
c^6 nale, see j^^. 
F^doz^ nalenci, .y^?^ ^e3o&l. 
^d, F^m nalke, nalpu, see ^c^. 
^^^^ nalpuni, see ^^sij^. 

^c^d nalme, s. Goodness, friend- 


■i^o^ nalliji, ^.^A kind of flea 
which infests poultry, cats. 
elc. * 2. a sprain. 
■J ^g nalli, .y.-^The bone of the leg 
below the knee, shinbone. 
2. see ^^ . 

f^© ?^, F^s3 , ^d^ nalli^e, nalle, 
naliye, s. A weed, tare, Pas- 
■J palum pilosum. -i 2. a hollow. 
-sojat^j^ to be dimpled, de- 

co^ nava, adj. New, fresh, ^^^^y^. 

c^^r^3o navag^raha, s. The nine 
planets, 7'is., the Sun, Moon, 
Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Ve- 
nus, Saturn, Raliu {Caput 
draconis).^ and Ketu {Cauda 

fisJC3c)d, r^sic3^d navadara, nava- 
dvara, s, lit. The nine doors. 
2. the human body which lias 

^zj nava 


^7^ nasa 

nine inlets or outlets, as the 
nostrils, ears, mouth, eU. 

fj^.gD^o navadhanya, s. Nine 
kinds of corn, as s3d^ paddy, 
T^jset? wheat, ^^e3 Bengal gram, 
^jsXa dholl, ^oc^^ gram, oj??^ 
gingely seed, ^^^^ country 
beans, ^'^^of black gram, and 
7idG7\ green gram. 

Fo^iF^JSsN navanutana, «^//. Very 
beautiful, handsome; singu- 

f^^-t^E^ navapattu, .9. Fungosity. 
2. music accompanied with 
beating of drums, (zdj. Fun- 
gous, excrescent. 

f^sjsjj navama, num. Ninth. 

^ziz^j?)'^ navamasa, s. Nine 
months, the period of preg- 

^dCo navami, s. The ninth 
lunar day of either fortnight, 
f ^^"6 navara, s. A kind of grain ; 
c/, ^^■^. 

^;3d^, navaratna, s. Nine kinds 
of precious stones or gems, 
z'iz.^ tjoo^^o pearl, ^05^ ruby, 
^^ diamond, ^It^j^q^of cat's 
eye or beryl, :j^.'3?:Soeqi^ onyx, 
r^^oG7)X topaz, oie^ sapphire, 
and 3i^ emerald. 

N^D^^ navaratri, s. A festival 
observed for the first nine 
days of the seventh lunar 
month in honour of the god- 
dess Durga. 
1 f^sJD navare, s. A kind of rice. 

c^^nr3r(d,?^sj?j«)dnavas%ara, na- 

vasara, s. The salt Sal am- 

oiS3^23 navabe, 

A Nabob, 


?^S3e^o5ol navayite, s. A Konkani 
speaking class of Mohamme- 
dan cloth-merchants. 

F5^^o^, ^;3-sD^d5JU navaru, na- 
var^ida-patti, s. Tape, band, 

^O^^sj^navili^pakki, s. A pea- 
cock; also '^^^■ 

^r^^^dra navikarana, s. Renewal, 
renovation. -"^j^-^Os^^ to renew. 

c^^^N navlna, adj. New, fresh, 
yc^sjoej navunta,^. Itching, irrita- 
tion in the throat. -si^^o^' 
t^Q.'^^^^ see -^os^^. 

^4o^c^ navumpuni, see ^"^c^^. 

^d nave, see ^7(. 

^h^^ nasipuni (?^^), 7'.^. To 
destroy, ruin. z'. n. To perish, 
decay. 2. to work hard, 
exert one's self beyond one's 

^i>^^\ F^s^zoo nasib^, nasibu, s. 
Fate, destiny. 

^^nase, s. Snuff, medicinal snuff. 
— c^23^ a snuff box. 

^^, nashta, s. Loss, damage, 
injury, adj. Lost, destroyed, 
damaged, -^h^ to be lost; 
c.dat. to lose. 

'^Tf'Q^ nasijik^, see ^^^. 

c^i^sjc)??), F^J^D-sra, F^;sJ2jel; nasapa- 
ni, nasarani, nasrani, ^. A Naza- 

c^ro nasi 


c33oa nandi 

. rene or Syrian Christian. 
2. a nasty, base, mean, or 
worthless fellow. 
ti'k nasi, see ^?3. 
J^^odjo^ nasiyuni if^^)^ v.n. To 
submit, subdue. 
N^^cdis^ nasiyat^, s. Punish- 
?j3oo=3^o nasuku, see ^^^. 
J ?^;:;)j^ nasudi, s. The forehead, 
-i ^?5 nase, rt;^". Soft, gentle. /2. 
'Z moist, damp, humid. .y^Moist- 
ness. 2r softness. — a^-jS a 
man in good circumstances. 
J?^?^ naski;i, s. Twilight, dawn, 
early morning. 
^^j^'^ naskyatra, see J^^xi- 
^^c? nasya, see ^^. 

•^^ nala, ^. The fiftieth year of 

the Hindu cycle of sixty. 

2. see ^^. ~zji)^ superior 

Ti^'^o^ nalakambha, s. A pole 

planted in the middle of a 

stack of straw. 
^^ nali, see f^c. 
^^, ^^f\ nali, nalio^e, s. A tube, 

pipe. 2. the barrel of a gun. 
?^<^^ nalina, see J^e5j^. 
c^S?^^ nalipuni, ^^^ c:ie5^^. 
f^^Oooo^ naliyuni, see ciOcxjoo?). 

F;;'^ nale, ^. A celebrated king, 
the husband of Damayanti. 
jd^^ nalme, see ^(S^. 
7i^^ nalye, see ^^^Ti- 

' J^^, nallu, see ^6 . 

^^ nalli, s. A spool 

to spool. 

^T^ , ^^ naksha, nakshe, s. A 
map, plan, chart. 2. a paint- 
ing, picture, photograph, tjo 
E^^u'^ a genealogical table, 

^^ ^ nakshatra, 5". A star, planet. 
2. a constellation or lunar 
mansion. — ■djc"rf<2;, _e3.^e^ the 
planetary system. j^^§£j?jo 
^-^.(^ favourable conjunction 
of natal stars. 

^i) na, Aninterrogative particle 
affixed to nouns, pronouns 
adjectives^ verbs and adverbs ; 
as^ TTO^jTO is it Rama? e?o3j^ 
is it he? oSoz|^?:s is it good? 
^esjcTO are you going? ^jse^j^o 
was it yesterday? 

c5"So2^j^ nancuni (f^c^S"), i\ n. 
To dance. 

c3"Soyv)c^ nantuni, see ?3dWo^. 

c^'Sod nande, s. A measure of 
grain, equal to one-sixteenth 
or one-twentieth of a seer. 

Ne)or?o nannya, see ?rop®^. 

^o;^ nanta, see ^^^. 

c3"3oa nandi, s. Benedictory 
verses recited at the com- 
mencement of an auspicious 
ceremony. 2. a ceremony per- 
formed to preserve a marri- 
age party from the pollution 
of birth or death in the 

cSBcZOj nctmbu 


o3-sri na^e 

-I:t3e)o200 nambu, sse e;;)oe:o. 

^"S'S* naka, s. Heaven, paradise, 
sky^ atmosphere. 2. see ns^j. 
— s^e5 a sacrifice to all the 
gods on the fifth day of a 

^c)5^0 nakari, see ?i^&. 
•i<3£)=3^o naku, ^. A female calf. 

tS'sri naga, s. A snake, serpent. 
2. a class of demi-gods. 3. the 
image of a serpent. -^^^ a 
class of demi-goddesses. —=3^^ 
the stone image of a serpent. 
— =o^o-do^, --^^^ the young of a 
serpent. — aooc^c; an ear-orna- 
ment in the form of a serpent's 
hood. -sBcl the hood of a 
serpent. -eSjseg^ the infernal 

oSairi naga, see ^7(. 

tS'srl^o^ nagakushta, s. A kind 
of leprosy. 

x5"3ricods3/3 nagajidepu, s. A head 
ornament like the extended 
hood of a serpent. 

?3^rt3D^ nagatali, s. The cactus 
Trichosanthes anguina. 

^"srldou^ nagadandijL, s. Stag- 
nant water of yellowish color. 

^"sri^rlo naganagari, s. A kind 
of drum. 

t3e)risjU nagapatta, s. A kind of 

t5e)/i2jt's, ^^riz^^^nagabana, niga- 
bana, s. A grove haunted by, 
or sacred to, serpents. 

t3e)r(2::^a Mgabldi, s. A locality, 
affecting the health of those 

dwelling there, or the purity 

of any thing, as water, etc. 
c3"3r1e3^ nagabetta, s. A species 

of cane with black spots 

about the joints. 
oS'srisioS?^ nagamallige, s. The 

flower Jtisticia nasuta. 
crar(D^?io% nagarijLsuttu, s. A 

gold or silver thread. 
^Drid nagara, s. Dry ginger. 

2. the cobra. 3. see ^7(-d. -3io 
2i^o a feast on the fifth day 
of the fifth lunar month, —so 
^4 the Nagari or Sanskrit 
character. jS?^— the Bengal 
Nagari character, ^ot^ the 
Peninsula Nagari character. 

o5e)riO=g^ nagarika, ad/'. Civilized, 
refined, cultured. 2. elegant. 

3. prudent. -^^ civilization ; 
elegance; prudence. ^7\b=^ 
a civilized, neat, or prudent 

c3e)ris^oari nagavandige, s. A shelf. 

(3^r(d|^ nagavalli, s. A very pun- 
gent species of betel leaf, 
piper betel. 

cSDrli^ooooT^, ^■5)ri?^cs3> nagasam- 
pige, nagasampei, s. The flower 
Mesua speciosa. 

c3i9ri?^d, ^■5)r!;^d nagasara, naga- 
svara, s. A pipe answering to 
the drone of the bagpipe; a 
snake pipe with two holes. 

■^•^t\ nage, s. A serpent. 2. the 
image of a serpent, ^e?— a 
spotted serpent. •s^ooj2_, o3je3— , 
see <^(3^T)-R. 


^rl nage 


^Dr^^ nan^ 

oS«)i^D^ nager^, s. Native Ko- 
man Catholics, so called by 

^^rieog^ nagendre, s. The chief 
of the serpents. 2. the name 
of a man. 

^«!riwQ^e3 nagole, s. The conclud- 
ing ceremony of a marriage 
among Brahmins. 

?^-5)t3* nacijL, s. Dancing, a naiitch. 

•J^D'^'i^ c5c)2^ri nacike, nacige, s. 

Shame, modesty, blushing. 

— 7^?S shameless, impudent. 

_e?^^ to be ashamed, modest ; 

to blush. 
^e)2^#c?i, ^iDear^d nacikedei, na- 

cigedei, s. The sensitive plant 

Mimosa pudica. 
J^e)2;^o^ nacuni {p-^'^), v. n. To 

blush, be ashamed, 
^DtciD^, i^'^'i^t najar^^i, najare, s. 

A sheriff. 
^"5)23 naji, s. A kind of dance. 

c5c)t;jJ?)=3^j najuku, ^^'. Delicate, 
fine, soft. -T^e;;^ delicate 

^e)^ najre, ^^^ ?:^ai5. 

i^-s^ nata, s, A pole used for a 

hedge. 2. a pole used for 

supporting a plantain tree, 

or for training up a creeper. 

^«)ej=5^, Nc)yr1 nataka, nataga, s. 
A play, drama. 2. a theatri- 
cal performance. — cj^cSo, jro 
ts?^ an actor. --^se3 a theatre. 

^i^)eJ nati, s. Fixing, pitching, 

^^loosri natiraga, s. A prelude. 
^Jc)£J.^ natuni (?roO), v. a. To 
affect, impress, move. 2. to 
operate, act upon, as a medi- 
cine. ^^^ csD<2;s ^;)Wj3;;d v^riH 
nothing move you? or will 
all the telling be lost upon 
you ? 
?I5)^ nate, see ?rau. 
KjD^o natya, s. Dancing, acting. 
-'?3«)C5^ nad^, s. A district, village. 
J^'?)cs^sJ^ nadavuni, c.v. {of-^Tk> 

^) To cause to search. 
Ic3c)^ nadi, s. The pulse. 2. a 
blood-vessel, artery, or vein. 
3. vital air or breath. 4. an 
astrological term connect- 
ed with natal stars. -^--sU 
the planetary conjunction 
consulted by astrologers when 
matrimonial alliances are to 
be formed. — z;&?^ exami- 
nation of the pulse. — croo^^ 
the pulse to cease. — gjslb^ 
to feel the pulse. — ^jr^sg^, 
— zjo::io^ the pulse to beat, 
i F)"5)^ri nadige, s. One of the 
cultivating classes in the 
northern part of Canara, 
1 c2e)::^J nadu, see ?ro5. 
J^-e)do^ naduni (nt^S), v. a. To 
search, seek. 

^s)bi)4t^ natavuni, c v. {of jcs ^^-d^ nade, s. A cord, rope. 
u^S)) To cause to affect or J?3^ra^ ;-:-^:? nlnu, nana, .?. Naked- 
operate. ncss, nudity. 2. the buttocks. 

t3-)r3 nana 


^■3^0^ name 

parvesi, nanapravesi, see ^^ 

c3"5)r$s:^ naniliji, s. A species of 
olive. — ^ o3oo?6 oil prepared 
from its fruit. 

>J?3!)C?o nanya, s. Money, coin. 
<^o7\~ a counterfeit coin. 

f, c3c)cf, nanme, s. Manipulation. 

-\ ^^;^ nita, s. Smell, odour. 2. 
stink, stench; also ^^^ c3d^, 
— ^oe^ a base family. 
c3c)^^ natapu, s. The plant 

Lantaiia aculeata. 
^^j natu, see j^d^; of. ^sdji^j^. 

^D^ nathe, s. A husband, master, 

lord, protector. 
^■5)CJ nada, s. A sound, report, 

noise or note, "^e^o— thunder. 
I ^o2o— the roar of a lion ; a 
war cry. 
^e)C3"3^ nadani, adj. Stupid, 

^^^"30, c^^^^D nadari, nadhari, 

s. Poverty, pauperism. 2. 

bankruptcy, insolvency, adj. 

Indigent, poor. 2. bankrupt. 
Jc3"5)dj^ naduni (f^S), v.n. To 

smell, stink. 
^3^d nadre, see ?^^?5. 

c3"5)Fa5Jc3sj«^r nanaparavarshl, j. 
A pension, gratuity ; superan- 

^"3 ^"5) nana, adj. Various, diverse, 
different. —^'^ different sorts. 
— -rfpsr diverse colours. —^-^ 
various ways. 

^^o^) nanuni (?^^), v. n. To 

shrink; cf. ^:ioTio^. 
^c)^^ nanya, i". Likeness. 2. kind. 

^"^cJjf^ , '^ (l) GO'S ?j , ^"^'dj, ^"Soor^** 

napasu, napasi^, nape, napesu, 
adj. Worthless, useless. 2. 
powerless, helpless. 3. stingy, 

^Dh'^ napike, s. A barber. , 

■^Di^ nabhi, s. The navel. 2. 
the holes in the leaves of a 
palm book, to string them 

^e>Sjj nama, s. A name, appel- 
lation. 2. a sectarian mark 
on the forehead. — ^tjr® the 
ceremony of naming a child 
after birth. —35 ^aS a kind 
of bangles. — ^^£^^ a noun. 
— ?^"^f§ invoking ^r repeating 
the name of God. ~^h^, — eoja 
^or'i to fail, be defeated. ~zj;> 
T^o^ to put on the sectarian 
mark; to cheat, deceive. 

c5'5)dJdc3^D* namadab9r^,.y. Coun- 
try sarsaparilla, Hemidcsrmis 

^4)^0 Ccj* namarad^, adj. Peevish. 
2. impotent. 

c3e:dodr namarde, s. A eunuch, 
impotent man. 2. a sneak, 

c59dJ5o-S-a namankita,^. Aname. 
adj. Dedicated, as a work to 
a person. 

cS^^oj?^^ namusii, 

s. Disgrace, 

2. shame. 
^■^d.^^j namesa, s. Nothing, a 


^HQiid nay a 


^DO^ nal^ 

J ^;DO^J naya, see ?33^odo. 
c3c)0^o=^ nayake, s. A guide, lead- 
er. 2. a chief, head, general. 
3. an honorary title given to 
a Koman Catholic or a Kon- 
J^c)OJ-d nayare, see froosoT^jsT?. 
>y^c)05j nayi, s. A dog. -zjt5o7\ 
an acute form of syphilis. 
^^5~ an otter. 
r3-5)05j-o-^ nayikini, s. A mistress. 
FS'so^o'^ nayike, i"^^ jroodo^. 

c3-305o|j5)^2^ nayitolaci, ^. The 
white basil or country tea, 
Oeiinuni albwm. 

c3«)05o3J53 nayipalle, s. A kind 
of tree. 

c3"5)oajoj2 nayipili, s. A hyena. 

f:-^OuJ23^>:^dj^ nayibadam^, ^. The 

wild almonds. 
'^■5)0Sj5Jj«)d nayimare, s. ANayar 

of Malabar. 
^■^o^ooooo^ nayiyulli, see djaXo <^. 

c3c)03o?oJ5r3on^ nayisonang^^, ^. 

The plant Mucuna pruriens. 

^ c3'So3jo* nayer^, s, ^k plough. 

2. see ndosj-sjj?):?. —s'S , ^^^ jtotj 
5^5 . — cj Xj!:^ 6, _rf XocSjs ^0 a 

-0 CD ' O 

worn out plough. 
J c3^D^ nar^, ^. The hemp of 
plants, fibrous bark of trees, 
etc.\ linen. — rf ts'oowj, —-rfoa 
a linen cloth. — cJ 2of a 
hempen rope, -^wo^^i to be- 
come stringy or tough. — Sb 
35^^ to twist hemp or fibre 
into ropes. 

c3i)C5onc)0&>) narang^ayi, ^^^ •^■^o'k 
cS'sdoF^ narange, .y^^ jtot5o?\. 

c5"e)d=a|j^, ^c)d|g narakatti, n&~ 
ratti, s. A kind of sword used 
by the Nayars. 

^"Sdd narade, s. A celebrated 
sage and legislator, the son of 
Brahma, and inventor of the 
lute. 2. a tell-tale, slanderer. 

"^-^tft naras^, s. A very thin 
wire. 2. the hook of a 
native woman's nose-ring. 
adj. Thin, lean, emaciated.. 
2. stingy, miserly. "S^f^— a 
rod with which the measure 
of a (^e;?6) kalase is struck. 

c3e)drOo3o narasi'iiha, see ^^kio^. 

c3e)DSCdjrs, c5'SD'i)0^ocl narayana, 
narayane, s. A name of Vishnu. 
2. the name of a man. —^^e^ 
a kind of amulet. 

c3c)Dc)3:'or^ narayani, s. The wife 
of Vishnu and goddess of 
prosperity. 2. the wife of 
Siva and goddess of de- 
struction. 3. the river Ganges. 

^■sO nari, s. A woman. 
Jc5c)do naru, see c^S. 

^■scioA narengi, s. A kind of 

^5■^C)?^;^ nares^, s. An instrument 

to make either gold or silver 

wire. 2. see ?3sdc3. 
c3c)zlr narde, ^^^ ^ezSr. 
J c3c)^* n^l^, wwz?/. Four, -capt^j, 

c:d£;jst^o ///. four towns; some 

countries or parts of the 

^^2:« naliji 


c3"c)d^. nashta 

world. ^^ eAn"dj ^ot^j^fi^o 
one should travel abroad. 
—"ir^cSo the name of a 
demon. ~^% the four points 

y of the compass. ^—■^ji>:6o^J^7> 
e;j3^rfo four hundred. — -rfojseS 
four corners, a square.* — "^e^ 
the four Vedas. 
^e)0* nal^, ^. A horse-shoe; c/. 
e/s^. ^80oS a farrier, shoe- 
smith; farriery. — ^wo^^, — s^ 
^0^ to shoe a horse, elc. 
^D^or{ nalan^a, s. The hands, 
legs, eyes, and ears. 

J"^^^ nalane, adj. Fourth. 

Jt5^e;oao, ^^o-5)0Sj nalayi, nalayi, 
s. The tongue. —^ s3d^ faith- 
fulness to a promise. €5^— 
speaking faintly, as a sick 
person. ^^— lit. double 
tongued; hoarseness; dupli- 
city, equivocation. ^o^— , 
■§■&__ the uvula. —tiOTi^^ to 
be able to speak. -b^TJo^ ///. 
to retract one's tongue, to 
break a promise. — sojs-dj?) 
to falter, cease to speak, as 
a dying person; to pledge 
one's word. — -^OA-do^ to speak 
fluently; to break a promise. 
crao'3So«BF nalavarti, s. The four 

seasons, adv. Four times. 
^"S© nail, s. The throat, wind- 
pipe. 2. a pipe, tube. 3. the 
stalk of a lotus. 4. see c^sci. 
c5e)0rj^nalisi;, ^. Disparagement, 
detraction, censure. 2. dis- 
honour, disgrace. — ^o'-^^o.^^ to 

disparage, censure; to dis- 

^^d nale, s. A sewer, drain. 2. 
a pipe. 
7c5'3q3j'?,^o nalkolu, adv. Four 
times; also^ci^j^^'^o. 

c5"3s3%^oyo nalkontu, .y. Four 
v/c5-s^ nalpa, num. Forty. 

c5c)0^;rfod nalpamara, s. The 
bark, ^/^. of four kinds of 
milky trees used in medicine, 
namely: ^Ji>r^, ^^'^^^ «5^r, 
and <^^/^j3?e3- 

^OD naila, s. A fourfold 
ploughing. 2. ^^^ nd^s^. 

Ki^s3 nalle, see ^^. 
J-^d6 d^ nalver^, ^. Four persons. 

c5-3sjcl navade, ^. A man belong- 
ing to a tribe so called. 2. 
the claw of cattle, beasts or 

■^Dzi^ navala, see ^^'^. 

c52)D=^, c3e)^ri navike, navige, ^. 
A sailor. 

c5^d nave, ^. A ship, vessel. 
J (S-ssS^^ navola, s. Four seers. 

^2)2^, "^dS^ nasa, nasana, ^^ De- 
struction, ruin, loss. 2. 
annihilation, death. —^ a 
destroyer. ^"dSo^ God, the 
immortal. ~^h^, ^^5 ^^^h^ 
to be destroyed; to fail in 
ruins ; to die. ~^^^^^ to de- 
stroy, ruin. 

f3«)5^., ^"S)^, nashta, nashte, s. 
Breakfast. 2. luncheon. 

^nj^ nasu 


^Ti niga 

^i)n? nas^, s. Snuff. 

^^;^ft)r^ nasagra, s. The top of 
the nose. 2. i"<?^ ?^^?dDAd 

^^^^ nasika, ^. The nose. 

^r^ nasti, ^. Denial, refusal. 

^nj^=3^ nastika, ^^//' Infidel, he- 
retical, -o^ infidelity, athe- 
ism, heresy. 

^d"^^ nastike, s. An atheist, 

infidel, heretic. 
^DV^ nal^, see ^6. 2. .r.?^ e^^. 
c5^^, c5^^ nala, nali, 3*^6^ ^^<d. 

cS'S^^^d nalikera, ^. A cocoanut 

cio=3^j^ ninkuni, j-^^ ^o:>^^. 
J^)or(o» ningal^, ^. Broken rice, 
grit, ^js^o— very fine grit, 
i^orijc^j^, ^orlo^ ninguduni, nin- 
gUni (^oTsoS, ^cK), ?;. ^. To 
J ^of\Ji)^o ningolu, see o^oX6. 
^oti ninni, see ^o^. 

^oa^^, ^oa;^j^, ^oda^ nindi- 
puni, nindisuni, ninduni (^o5, 
^oa^), 7/. ^. To abuse, re- 
proach. 2. to blame, censure. 
3. to mock, ridicule. 4. to 

^od ninde, s. Abuse, blame, cen- 
sure, reproach. 2. mockery, 
ridicule. 3. blasphemy. -ast5, 
-vs^cSd an abuser, censurer, 
scoffer, blasphemer. 

r^o?i, ^z^^ ninna, ninnavu, ^^^ 

?io^ ninni, ^. An echo, rever- 


beration. 2. mimicry 

the sound of an echo, —s:^^ 

^^^ to mimic. 

c^o^^^^i ninnevuni (o^o^?), ■;:•. n. 
To echo. 
J^)o^3 nimbe, ^-^^ eScd. 

^=3^ nika, i". A marriage among 
Mohammedans. — -sSo^Ov^ to 
marry a Mohammedan wo- 
Jq^^o^o nikulu, pro-n. (pi. o/^) 

^i)^, ^i)^ nikhila, nikhila, adj. 
All, the whole, entire, com- 

^n^a nig^di, s. Instalment. 2. 
a fixed period or sum for 
payment, as the assessment 
on land. 3. fixing, settlement. 
7j'S7}f5~ government assess- 
ment. -^^-0^^ to resolve, 

^n*cg)^ nigi^puni, see ^Tns^^. 
J^ri2:^o^ nigacuni (^asS"), 7'.n. To 

^rid nigada, see ^Xzi. 

^ria, ^rtd nigadi, nigade, see 

^r(a nigadi, ^^^ ^Kn. 
^ri«3)^ nigapuni, ^^^ ^X^^^. 

^r(dJ nigama, i\ The Vedas. 

2. a fair. 
^r(o2)JN^r^*' nigayineni^L, s. A cord 

or rope for fastening a buoy. 
^ri& nigariji, sec ?3X5. 
^r>D7^ nigarig^, j^^ ^7<b-R. 
^rtc^j^ nigaruni, ^<?^ ^7(-d^^, 

^ri niga 


^k!o^ nittu 

^ri^r nigarvi, s. An unassum- 
ing, modest person. adj. 
Unassuming, modest. 
! ^t\^ ni^avu, s. A buoy. 
^r,r^ ni^asijL, s. Food, victuals. 

2. disregard, disdain. 
^riv^ ni^aly, ^^^ ^a?. 
vi ?in^?5^ nigasiji, ^. Glitter, shining. 

^.^h53e)5S?j nigipavuni, ^. ^. (^^'^ 
5d)oi) To cause to level. 

J^h^^ nigipuni (^^), -j^'. ^.^To 
level. 2. see ^)0?\s^^. 

-^^rkOJoo?i nigiyuni (^*^), z'.7i. To 
be levelled. 2. to be filled 
up, as a pit. 
^?iodo^ niguruni, see ^X-do^. 
^Fixcsd nigri^ha, see ^)Xj^. 

^ ^n^ , ^A d nigg^, niggira, ^. In- 
elegance. 2. filthiness, nasti- 
ness. 3. disgust, adj. Un- 
pleasant, filthy. —CTDoSo a filthy 
man. --^d^^^ to make foul, 
render filthy. 

-i^A^?v^ niggis^, s. An unclean 



also ^J"- "dc^oSo. 

^^^A-S' ^A^5 ^i^§:y!;i» niggya, jr. 
Fullness, completeness, adj. 
Full, complete. 
^?i nigra, see ^7\-d. 

^r^sd nigraha, s. Punishment. 
2. killing; also o^T^-d^. _-da 
■^i^^ to punish; to kill. 

^r^^ nigruni, see ^Xdo^. 

^^oe3^ , ?:i4j^o£jj nighant^, nighan- 
tvL,.s. A dictionary, vocabu- 
lary, glossary. 

^^J nieca, ^^^ ^^^„o- 

^e^ cdo niccaya, ^^^ ^^ ^^- 

^)2;^ ^ niccala, see o^^ e;. 

^Zi nija, s. Condition, circum- 
stances in life. adj. Own. 
—"djs^ one's own or natural 
form. ^/aQojj ^di B^o^^ to un- 
derstand a man's disposition 
or character. 
^^Zd nija, s. Truth, veracity, cer- 
tainty, reality. adj. True, 
certain, sure, real. — 1?5, ^ 
ai^S truly, certainly. ~^^ 
certainty. —u;)oB uncertain, 
unreliable. —^^ixi a true 
word or statement, a fact. 
^Bt^o^^ to ascertain the truth. 
— idD^o^^ to prove. 

nijikatruni, nijikavuni, nijkavu- 
ni, (^)2S^^, ^^^a, ^3iJ)j), 7'. ;z. 
To grin; ^/^<? s'jsOsoocX^). 
Q^tu^o'o^ nijikuni (^sS^), ^. i^. To 
appear, seem. 
J^tS nijji, s. The gums, -^ja?^ 
a toothless mouth. 
^ei^ nitila, ^. The forehead. 
J^^ nitta, J". "^Pleasure, ""'adj'. 

J Pleasant. 

2:^see ^:^. 

^h3.£^f\ nittanige, s. A ladder. 


2. a pile, heap. 3. a row, line. 
4. the name of a village. 

^'dxu, ?i2Jj^d nittura, nittura, 

see ^M^^TJ. 

'c^L^o,^oc* nittusuri^i, s. A deep 
sigh; loud sobbing. 

^'d nitte 


^d iiidre 

^^ nitte, see ^^.- 2, see ^o&3. 
J ^^ ^^ nitteli^i, s. The hip, loins, 
waist. 2. the bosom. 
.^(3o=a0^ nidankuni (^^c^), z',7i. 
To incline; c/. do^o^. 
J^a nidi, adj. Straight, high, 
lofty. -^5, a lofty stone, 
an erect stone. — odob (e9&) 
rice not broken by pounding. 
^Q>6i nidipa, see o)^^. 
-l^^odoo^, ^^h^ nidiyuni, nidi- 
pini (^^), ^- a. To wash. 
^js???— to wash the face. 
J ^do nidu, adj. Long, tall, high. 

^;:^oo2od nidumbare, ^. Barracks ; 

also c^Tioo^^oTi. 
i^dosj^ niduppa, s. Tallness, 
length. 2. see ^^. 

^zs^ui^dj, ^)^(^0J, c^clo^ nidda- 
ditaru, nidyaru, nidyedi, s. A 
kind of small fish. 
J^^ nidpa, see o^^. 
J^cl nine, see ^^. 

^^o2o nitamba, s. The buttocks. 
2. a mountain side. 

^hoii nitin^a, adj. Strong, hard. 
2. serious, dangerous. — ?jo^rf 
a serious illness. 

^.Bot^j nitirija, see ^?Bo3i. 

^|^^<^ nittelv, see o^^^€. 

^£« nitya, ^^*. Eternal, con- 
stant, perpetual, everlasting. 
2. daily, regular, —^'alr daily 
expenses. — 5^r daily cere- 
monies. -^^^^ daily obser- 
vance. -2S?7S eternal life. -^^ 
^§g^ daily and occasional. 

^;so4 nityatva, ^. Eternity. 
5)3?oi^ nityatme, ^. The eter- 
nal Spirit, God. 

ci3'3o?god nityananda, s. Ever- 
lasting happiness. 

^^■3o?j^o nityanitya, s. Eternal 

and temporal. 
^32jr3 nitrana, s. Weakness, 

debility, adj. Weak, faint. 

^^ti a weak man. 
^zf^ nidipa, see o)^. 
^cs^^dJ^i nidupuduni, see ^;:^^ 

^dsir^ nidarsana, s. An ex- 
ample, illustration, evidence, 

^HDTi nidana, s. Ascertaining 
the cause; the study of symp- 
toms with a view to trace the 
remote or proximate causes, 
as of a disease. 2. a work 
on pathology. 3. see o^r?;>^. 

^a nidi, see ^t?. 

^^ niddhi,^. Abundance, plenty. 
L-z^hF^ to prosper. 
J^d^ nidpa, adj. Straight, up- 
right, erect, adv. Straightly, 
erectly. -eA)c^^ to stand 

^rfo^c^o^ nidpuduni (^^^S), ?'. a. 
To erect, set up, stay. 2. see 

^d nidre, s. Sleep, drowsiness. 

sleepy man. 3i;^j^^, —zohF^ to 
become drowsy. — "s^j^'O^^ to 

^d nidre 



^oJo niya 

' c^gj^c^ nidredpini (^^S), "o. n. 
To sleep, be asleep; to go to 
^i^D-^ nidhana, s. Caution, deli- 
' beration, calmness, quietness. 
2. slowness, dilatoriness. adj. 
Cautious, deliberate. 2. calm, 
quiet. 3. slow, dilatory. — ^ 
e3jse£^^ a careful considera- 
tion, deliberate judgment. 
-AOfs quiet disposition. ^^Ti^ 
slow motion, o^^d^jst^o care- 
fully, quietly, slowly. 
^^^^^^ nidlianipuni(^!?^^),'^.«. 
To consider, examine care- 
^95)d nidhara, see o^^^f-6. 
^pnidhi, s. Concealed or buried 
treasure. 2. a receptacle, 
place of accumulation. —^ 
"d^A an opulent man. 

Jjif^ nina, s. The serum of the 
flesh. 2. the marrow of the 

J ^^ nina, pro. {gen. of ^) Thy. 
^f^^A by or of thyself. o)?^4. 
oio^^ thine. 

J ^^ nine, ^.^A wick. 2. a very 
young fruit. 
^^^ ninepu, see ^^3?^. 

^c^J52^ ninosa (^^ ^^), Thy care 
or charge. 

^53^3^ nipati^, s. Ruin. 

^Sj^i nipata, s. Falling, coming 
down, alighting, adj. Irre- 
gularly formed, gram, ^zjd^d 
T^oodj interjection. 

^^3^9 nip una, adj. Clever, skill- 
ful, conversant. — ^^ skill, 
proficiency in any art, efc 

^^cl nipune, s. A clever man. 

^33) J niputre, s. A sonless man. 

^20oq^^ nibandhane, s. Order, 
mandate. 2. appointment, 

nibasuni, nibhasuni, nibhayisu- 
ni, v. a. (oi23^co, o^ep^cJ, o)2p^ 
osocJ), To bear, endure. 2. to 
manage, sustain. 

^^^ ra nibbana, see ae^^r®. 

^2;:ii)^cl nibbavane, s. Endu- 
rance, toleration. 2. under- 
taking, sustaining. 

^dj^to nimaji,^. A Mussulman's 
ritual or form of prayer. 

^Do^, ^Oo^, ^^0^^ nimita, ni- 
mitta, nimitya, s. Cause, rea- 
son. 2. object, motive, pur- 
pose. 3. consulting stars, an 
omen, or fate-book. postp. 
For, on account of. — ^js^a 
result of soothsaying. — cjdoSo 
an astrologer, soothsayer. 
_^j3lb^ to consult stars or a 

^^0^ nimislia, s. The twinkling 
of an eye, a second, instant, 
s/^sjoodo^ nimuruni (o^^i^oS), v.n. 
To become straight. 

^ojjs^ niyatiji, s. Restraining 
the natural appetites and 
passions; good morals or 

^ojj niya 


^UD Eird 

toid^ niyata, adj. Checked, 
restrained, as the natural 
appetites and passions. 

^oi^^d niyama, s. An agreement, 
contract, engagement. 2. a 
religious observance in gene- 
ral; voluntary penance. 3. a 
rule, law; c/. ^e^. 

^ojjo^ niyukta, adj. Appointed, 
ordered. 2. attached to. 

^oSjS^r! niyog^a, s. An order, 
command. 2. authority, ap- 
pointment. 3. occupation, 

^oSjs^h^^ niyogipuni (rjoSjseT.), 
V. a. To order, command. 2. 
to authorize, appoint. 

^D^, ^7:f nir^, nis^, prefixes 
implying Certainty; 2. nega- 
tion, want. 3. out, without; 
as: ^■^-■TOz^ innocence ; ^S^^'ptX 
blamelessness; ^i;^o^^i child- 
less; ^:^o:2e^ undoubted. 

^dotiF^ niranjana, adj\ Immacu- 
late, pure, spotless. 2. ab- 
sorbed in. — ■s5?i3^, ^-dosd^ 
God, the immaculate one. 

^doad nirantara, <2:^/. Continued, 
continuous, perpetual. 2. 
unimpeded, constant, adv. 
Ever, always, generally, fre- 

^d=s*^ nirak^, s. Current or fixed 
price. 2. assize or tariff. 

^d^ niradi, see S)e"c^w. 

^d?^D^qj niraparddha, i". Inno- 

^d3:?75)9 niraparidhi, s. An 
innocent person, adj. Inno- 
cent, not guilty. 

^c!^ nirapu, s. A frame of 

boards, fitted with planks, as 

a shutter or a door. r^. 

J^dsJ niravu, s. The anus; cf. ^ 

^0;^ nirasa, s. Want of flavour 
or passion. 2. dryness, want 
of juice, adj. Insipid, tasteless. 

^d3do=5^d nirahankara, s. Ab- 
sence of pride, humility, 
modesty. o)^soo53& a modest 
person, one without egotism. 

^DD=3^&^^, ^cd=i^:d:^o^ nirakari- 
puni, nirakarisuni (^t:^^&, ^t:^ 
^^oj), 7'. a. To transgress, 
disobey, disregard. 2. to re- 
ject, set aside, refuse, decline. 

ciD'3^c)C5 nirakara, s. Shapeless- 
ness, absence of form. 2. 
censure. 3. denial, negation. 
adj. Shapeless, formless, ^^i) 
^■c? God, who has no mate- 
rial form. 

^D^^^ nirakhyi, see ^^^. 

^0?)co niraji, s. A kind of cloth 
with gold borders. 

^os^o^niratanka, adj. Uninter- 
rupted, unmolested. 

^)D«)9c)d niradhara, adj. Unsup- 
ported, unsustained. 2. poor, 
destitute. ^jto^toS a destitute 

^De)^ nirani, s. A kind of erup- 
tion on the skin, eczema. 

^D'33Jo-5)9 niraparadhi, see ?iTi-^ 

^D^ nira 


^lidF nirgu 

^De)doo;io niramaya, adj. Well, 
hale, free from sickness. 

^D^o:ij^;^ nirayasa, adj\ Easy, 

^D"30Jjoqj nirayudha, adj. Unarm- 
ed, defenceless. 

^D^d nirara, see ^Tjzm7>-d. 

^D^4 uiravu, see o^d^i: 2. see ^^4- 

^cr^^ nirase, s. Despair, des- 
pondency. 2. disappointment. 
— t?^^ to be disappointed. 
—■^^o^ok^ to despair. 

;fjDe)^ o^j nirasraya, adj. Without 
refuge, asylum or support; 
helpless, destitute. 

'^D^k nirasi, see o)us^. 

^D-3aoDd nirahara, s. Fasting. 

Tju^=§^t>-'^oi>'i^t>£^ nirakshepa, 
nirakshepane, aaj. U n question- 
able, unobjectionable. 

^D niri, see ^a. 

^Dp^^,^) nirikshipuni (^^etx^), 
:'. a. To hope, desire, look for, 

^De=^ nirikshe, ^. Hope, expec- 
tation, waiting. 

^CjdJ?o^h nirudyogi, s. A man 

without employment, a lazy 


J^OjCj niruddha, ^^/. Obstructed. 
^ 9 _ 

^dJS3i nirupa, ^. A letter, epistle, 
representation in writing. 
'J ^6 nire, s. Neighbourhood ; also 
^^5-5. adj. Neighbouring, 
adjoining. — ^ec^o/^ a bad 
neighbour. — ^o3o a neigh- 

^6^ nirepu, see o^t^^. 
^^do* nirely, i". A shadow, resem- 
blance. 2. shade, shelter. 
J^dsJ^ nirevuni (^^^), v.n. To 
be ready; ^. ^^^o). 

^dJS^A nirogi, ^. A man who is 
free from sickness, a healthy 

^dJS^c^nirodha, ^. Loss, destruc- 

^^Fcd nirkande, s. A soft root. 

^^F^O) nirkakke, .y. The sea-gull. 

^=5rcl nirkane, s. A small branch 
of bamboo. 

^^ctF^o nirkanya, s. A water- 

^=3^jro£J nirkunta, s. A post 
fixed in water. 

^^a.FoeJj nirkuntu, see ^^^orowo. 

^=s'jF^e;o^ nirkujeluni (o)^or^6), 
V. n. To curdle, coagulate. 

^^0F|^ nirkutta, s. Dropsy. 

'^'=6:^7 h^ nirkutti, s. The post of a 

^^JSF^ nirkuve, s. A kind of 

'^T^'F nirgiji, ^^^ F^Aor^. 

^rlFocJ nirgandha, ^^^'. Inodo- 
rous, without smell. 

^rlFSJo nirgama, ^. Setting out, 
exit. 2. total loss or depar- 

^rioFra nirguna, adj. Void of all 
properties. 2. destitute of the 
qualities incident to humani- 
ty. 3. having no good quali- 
ties, bad, worthless. 

^nr nirja 


c^^OJSF nirmu 

^UFf^ nirjana, ^dj. Lonely, un- 
inhabited. — ^^3?^, — 8[5j^so a 
deserted country. 

^tciF^ nirjala, ad/. "Waterless. 

^iSo^rsJ nirjiva, adj. Lifeless, 
inanimate. 2. weak, help- 
less. 3. inactive, lazy. ^)C^?f^ 
a dead body. 

^rsFCdj nirnaya, s. Resolution, 
determination. 2. certainty, 
positive conclusion. 3. settle- 
ment, final arrangement. 
_iio<^j^^ to resolve, settle, 

^rarcOo?:!^^) nirnayisuni (oir®ro3o 
cJ), v.a. To resolve, decide, 

^;^r nirta, see ^^r. 

^c5rOjo nirdaya, s. Unkindness. 

^C3c)r^r?o nirdakshinya, s. Dis- 
regard, want of attention. 
" 2. severity, strictness. 

^z3js^r5S[ nirdosha, ^. Blameless- 
ness, innocence. 2. freedom 
from blemish, adj. Innocent, 
sinless. 2. unblemished. 

^)Zp'srd nirdhara, s. Certainty, 
ascertainment. 2. determina- 
tion, resolution. 

^cS'srdjnirnama, s. Extirpation, 

^c3e)roao nirnayi, s. An otter. 

^c3«)r^ nirnala, s. The sixth 
Tulu month between Sep- 
tember and October. 

cic5e>F© nirnali, s. A water-spout. 

c^c^rds^* nirnirel^, see ?)e5^T5^. 

^3JreoJ nirpatt^, adj. Moist, wet. 
2. diluted. -^?5 diluted milk. 

c^2oroq5, c^zoFoqif^ nirbandha, nir- 
bandhana, s. Violence, oppres- 
sion, force, constraint, —"s^o 
^^oi to constrain, or oppress. 

^ZdoF^ nirbuddhi, s. Foolish- 

^efr, ^E^r nirbe, nirbhe, .?. A 
kind of oblation given to a 
priest. ~-t>^2s^ to prepare. 

^e^jro^j, ^tp^Fvl nirbhaya, nir- 
bhiti, s. Fearlessness. adj. 
Fearless, undaunted. 

^doFcSnirmade,^^". Uncovered. 

^doFe;nirniala, s. Purity, clean- 
liness, ad/. Pure, transpa- 
rent, pellucid, clear. 

^^je)Fr3 nirmana, s. Creation, 
manufacture, production, in- 
vention. —T^^^?^ to create, 
produce* invent. 

^Ojf^ nirmita, adj. Made, in- 
vented. 2. fabricated. 3. 
artificial, —d^^i to produce, 

^Dj*^?jO^ nirmisuni {^^r^^i'.a. 
To create, produce. 2. to 
manufacture, invent. 3. to 

^SJooFfS nirmune, s. An appa- 
ratus for watering a field. 
adj. Blunt. 

^^ioordoori^ nirmuruno^ele, .v. An 
arrogant man. 

QidoJSFe^nirmula,^. Extirpation, 
eradication. — ^os?j^oi to ex- 
tirpate, eradicate. 

?:)s5j^^r nirmo 



^dx^Fod nirmoha, s. Want of 
affection or love. 

^Da3e)rr3 niryana, s. Death, 
demise; final beatitude. 

^OF'S> nirlajje, s. Impudence, 

^6^ph nirlepi, adj. Un defiled, 
untainted. 2. innocent, 


^^FC'J ^ nirvancane, s. Sincerity, 

^dr2o;^j^ nirvahisuni (^^r&^), 
z>. a. To manage, transact, 
sustain, effect. 

^^34)^=5^, ^s3e)rso nirvaka, nirva- 
ha, s. Management, power or 
ability to perform, execute, 
sustain, ^Z^-.; also ?)^^r. _too^ 
without power to manage, 
etc.\ unavoidably. 

^STSFrQ nirvana, s. Nakedness. 
2. reunion of the soul with 
the deity, final beatitude. 

^S3^rcj, ^^FS3i)d nirvada, nirvi- 
vada, adj. Undisputed, un- 
questionable, unobjection- 

;i^F^ nirvisha, s. An antidote 
for poison. 2. the plant Cur- 
cuma fertc7nbet. 

^sSf nirve, see ^tSr. 

^^^rd nirveda, s. Humility. 2. 
despair. 3. weariness. 4:. see 

^rj"SFcl) nirsani, see ^as?i. 
^^ nila, see f^^- 

^^0 nilam, s. Ballast. 2. the 
bottom of a vessel. 

^^o=5^d nilankara, .s-. Disfigure- 
ment. 2. ruin. 
^^^d nllakara, see ^^^-d. 
^O'uDZ^ nilakari^, s. Stretching. 
—^^4^ to stretch out the 
forelegs, to scrape along the 
y^i^ri:! nilagade, s. Settlement, 
adjustment, conclusion, de- 
termination. 2. cessation, 
/^^sj, p^D^ nilavu, nilavu, see 
V^e3^. 2. see <30£jd^. 

i®^, ^0^=^ nilike, nilike, adj. 
Full, replete. 
y^Oo^P nilipuni, see ^a^^. 
^^jdohniluvangi, ^. Along coat. 
^^3 nile, s. The bottom, as of a 
well, eU.; depth, profundity. 
2. a secret, mystery, adj. 
VFirm, fast, abiding. 2. quiet, 
still, calm, — e?rfj3|^^ to be 
firm, steadfast, -^h^ to be 
^s3c2^ nilenci, see ??e3oel. 
>y^s3Q§ nileppu, s. State. 2. pos- 
ture, station. 
>/^23d) nilevu, s. Balance, arrears. 

2. standing, residence. 
v^dsj^i nilevuni (^«3), z: n. To 
be steadfast. 
^s;^,s^Qi nilkavuni, c.v. {of ^^\ 
c^) To cause to peep. 2. to 
cause to reach. 
>^'^e;o,^ nilkuni (^^i), >^'. ^. To 
peep, look slily, get a glimpse 
of. 2. to reach. 


^d nilke 


^3l nishka 

^d nilke, see ^e5^. 

ys^^zl nilg-ade, see ?)<2JazS. 

^^s->o nilpu, ^. A pause, stop, 
interruption. 2. stay, dura- 

J'^^^^'^ nilpuduni, c.v. (of a 

*^ii^) '^^ P^^ ^ stop, cause 

to stop, make stand. 
V^e;j^^ nilpuni (^^), v. n. To 

stay. 2. to cease; to become 

^s:-3Sj^ nillavuni, see t:<!^^^^. 
^d^r^ nivartane, s. Cessation. 

2. remission, forgiveness. 
^53«)t3, ^^33^ nivaji, nivadi, see 

^S3e)dfl nivarane, s. A remedy. 

2. averting. 3. deliverance. 

4. prevention. 
^S3^^ nivasa, s. A habitation, 

dwelling. [tant. 

^Sj-5)A) nivasi, ^. A citizen, inhabi- 
^^^^ nivali, s. Taking away 

the effects of evil eyes. 

^S3^^sS^, ^^-s^^^lo^) nivalipuni, 
nivalisuni (o^s^d^, ?)tos?oj), v. a. 
To take away the effects of 
evil eyes. 

^Sjn^ nivr^tti, s. Cessation. 2. 
abandoning. 3. repose, rest. 

c^sS^df^ nivedana, s. An offering. 
2. an address. 3. informing. 

^s! nisa, s. Inebriation, intoxi- 
cation. — sSjse'S an inebriate 

5Se)dd nisacare, s. A fiend, 
goblin. 2. a night-walker. 

^SD^i, ^3e)cS nisani, nisane, j-. 

A mark, sign. 2. a flag, 

standard, banner. 
^h nisi, see ^^. 

'^h^o nisin, ^^z'. Together with, 

^)2^JSa nisudi, s. A bill of acquit- 

^^ nise, s. Night, midnight. 

^^^F niskarsha, see ^jm^^f. 

^2^ ozJo niscaya, s. Certainty, as- 
certainment, positive conclu- 
sion. 2. resolution, determi- 
nation, ^saoeojse) a present of 
betel, etc., at the settlement of 
a marriage, -aso^ uncertain. 
_^j^-<o^^, ^i^oso;^^ to resolve, 
settle, determine; to ascer- 
tain. ~T^^f^^ji>hF^ to prove. 

"^^ ^ niscala, s. Firmness stabi- 
lity. adj. Firm, steady, fixed. 

^boi niscinte, s. Ease, freedom 
from care or anxiety. 

^h^ niscita, ad/. Determined, 

^^^^ nistika, see ^Ti^"^. 

^^20 nissabda, adj. Noiseless, 
stilL, quiet. 

^<2^rf nishiddha, adj. Prohibited, 

^3§^q5 nishedha, s. Negation, 
prohibition. 2. the negative 
mood, gram. 

c^slsjy nishkapata, s. Sincerity. 
adj. Frank, sincere. 

^^dor? nishkaruna, adj. Pitiless, 
cruel, harsh. 

^3l nishka 



^^y nit a 

^^^r, ^^^r nishkarsha, ni- 
shkarshe, s. Determination, 
settlement. 2. certainty. 

^^^e^o^^, c^^i-^o^^ nishkalankij, 

nishkalank^, adj. Irreproach- 
able, spotless, unblemished. 

^^j.c^, ^^jp d nishtura, nishtura, 
adj. Cruel, harsh, severe, s. 
Harshness, severit}^ 

^^ o3J3^t^^ nishprayojana, s. 
IJselessness. adj. Useless, 
vain, bootless. 

^sl^^ nishphala, adj. Fruitless, 

^T^T^F nisarga, s 

^?:jc)^ nisani, see ^^^. 

^^D^^ nistaripuni (^i&), v. a. 

To endure, bear, sustain. 2. 

to cross or pass over. 
^T^J^'d nistuka, adj. Critical, 

serious, as the turn of a 

^jioTi nissanga, s. Separation. 

2. seclusion, retirement. 3. 

^7^or\ nissang-i, s. A man who 

mortifies himself to the world, 

a recluse. 
^^o3'3?^ nissantana, adj. Child- 
less, issueless, heirless. —^ 

t^^ to die childless; to be 

ruined, annihilated. 
^;<od^3o, ^;^o2^o:^o nissandeha, 

nissamsaya, ^. Confidence, adj. 

^?ji^ d nissara, s. Worthlessness. 

adj. Sapless, pithless, dry; 

worthless. ~^j^^o unfertile, 

barren land. 
^r^^"^ nissuni, see Ti^^'b^^. 
^^ ojo nikshaya, see ^)g_cdo. 

^=^^sj nikshepa, s. Hidden or 

buried treasure. 2. a deposit. 
•/^^oC3e)ei nindata, s. Swimming. 

2. floating. 
J^^o23^d)^ nindavuni, e. v. {of ^eo 

^^) To set afloat. 2. to 

cause to swim. 
i^^oi:Jj^ ninduni (o)?c5), v.n. To 

swim. 2. to float. 

. The natural P^^®°^^^"*'"y""'('''^*>' ''•''■ 
To peep. 

X ^^=a"3^^ nikavuni, c. v. {of ^)?^o^) 

To grin. ^jae3— to show the 

teeth, as dogs, monkeys. 
^^^0^ nikuni (^?^), i'. n. To 

appear, as the projecting 

^^rio^ niguni, see eSat^o^. 
^^3^ nica, adj. Mean, low, base, 

vile, abject. — s^dB low caste. 

-^^t>^ — ^^ meanness, baseness, 

vulgarity. — ^"rf^js^i a mean 

man. —z^i^t-d a mean, vulgar 

^e2i3c)C^?S nicatadane, s. A kind 

of beating. 
^^e;^o^ nicuni (^e^), v. n. To go 

through, pierce. 2>4o extend ; 

cf. o^eorioo). 
^^2;§ nice, s. A mean fellow. 2. 

a demon so called. 
-i^^ei nita, adj. Long, extended, 
2 > straight* 

high, upright. 


^eeot) nita 


^^D^ nir^ 

direct. ^Ti~- lengthwise and 
crosswise, zigzag; confound- 

J ^^tofi^l3 nitaniti, advT^traight- 

J ly. J2. lengthwise. 

Jc^^b^^^) nitavuni, ctj. (o/^^^ 
^) To cause to stretch, length- 
en, eU.; also ^iezsDiio). 

J ^^sJo nitu, see ?)eW. 

J ^^'t^o^, ^^do^nituni,niduni(^?^, 
oieS), z>. a. To stretch out or 
forth, hold out, lengthen, t?^— 
to stretch out the hand. 
^^3 niti, s. Morality; righteous- 
ness, justice, equity. -=^eS 
injustice, iniquity. —r^-^or 
morals. — cdoSj, ~-^o^ a just 
man. — ^psrojo justification. 
—zji>ir:i a just word, moral 
saying. — £3.^?:^^ moral teach- 
ing. — ^jsXr the way of 
righteousness, upright con- 
duct. —'^^L] ^^^^^ philosophy, 
ethics. —-^Ti essence of mora- 
lity; a treatise on ethics. 
-^^^^ immoral. 
^^^oTi nitin^a, see ?iBoX. |-oj^g, 
^^Jozj nitinja, see ^^.B^^^ under 

J^^c* nir^, s. Water, -^zi^ a 
water jar. — e?^ a whale. 
— croi^r a water bubble. — So^o, 
^e^js?^-^ furrows between a row 
of plants, etc.^ for watering 
them. —^oc3jj)ci a water snake. 
-^^^ a sea-gull, shag. ~??j3?5 
a water-fowl. -^<y 4 a kind 


of cake. — ^?4 a species of 
yam. ~9J)t5 a falling stream 

of water. — c3do?o a water- 
carrier. ~-^c^ poison in 
water, miasma. — ftooso an 
otter. — ^t56, _^o5 perspira- 
tion ; fatigue. — ^irf a drop of 
water. — s:^^, o^esj^r^ fixed 
hire for watering rice fields. 
e)^o_ a mode of watering rice 
fields. CA)^- salt water. <oc|^— 
fresh water. ^or®— tears. 
^of^eS ^s^^ to weep, shed 
tears. ^^2;- sea water. ^o&— 
yellow water. ei^^~ cold 
water, tj^^o— brackish water. 
^e9_, ^j«^— sweet water. 
ie?-, i^_ clear 6?;- filtered 
water. ^"5— rain water fall- 
ing down from a roof, ^^o 
'^jdo- muddy water. ^^— 
hot water. ^^oS6— putrid 
water. ■^05o_ sweat ; urine. 

— S55oc500^i, _aV)3iO^, ^h^TJOn^ 

to leak, ooze. ~^h^ to melt, 
dissolve. — §j<2;o^ to Avater a 
rice field, -^wo^^ to turn the 
course of water on a land. 
_=^^j^o), _^j3D5$^ water to boil. 
— =^o2)?e;o^i to water. — ^or^o^) 
water to be very hot. -'^t^ 
orfjsii^ to squirt, spirt. — Xo 
c^ ?> water to run down. — ^eS 
^» to sprinkle water. — ^^ 
orfoo^, ^;6^ajoos) water to be- 
come clear, —^^^c^ to water. 
— DeSb^ Hi. to lay water; 
^. daL to involve one in diffi- 
culties; to ruin. -3ii^^^ 
water to flow. -^ouo?i water 

^^d nira 


^^Ti nuga 

to wring out. — 202^0 ^ water 
to dry up. -2:>:>l^^ to irrigate 
or water, as a field. —■^0X4?^, 
— -sija^.^, —^14^ to draw water 
from a well or tank. —^0^4 
o) to pour w^ater. Fringe. 

^e^o^ nirande, s. A small sy- 

Q^^d=CTJ5^oz3 nirakolambe, s. The 
damp t7r swampy ground. 

^^rfrio^ niragulle, s. A bubble. 

^^6zi niraja, ^. A lotus. 

^^dsJ, ^^d^ nirata, niradi, s. A 
water plant, Pistia straHo- 
tes ; also ^ot^7\cT\. 

^e.d?o:>^ nirasuli, s. A whirlpool. 

^^d^ nirale, ^. Butter-milk dilut- 
ed with water. 

^^Di)L^ nirata, s. Bathing for 
sport. 2. see o^eTJy. 

^^dj^cs^ niruppadiji, ^. Green 
fruits pickled in salt-water. 

'^^t:^^ nirulli, s. Onions. 

^^^^jFceJ nirkunta, see ^'^^^o'^. 

^^^OFoeio nirkuntu, s. Water- 
proof cloth. 2. a small piece 
of cloth put on in mourning. 

^^=s^OF^ nirkutta, s. Dropsy. 
— crooSo a man suffering from 

^^F^rds;^ nlrnireli^, s. Water 
poured on a corpse, a funeral 
ceremony. [thin. 

^^sjr^« nirpati^, adj. Watery, 

^^Sj'sro*'' nirpal^, see under ?)?&. 

^^si^OF^^ nirmuttu s. An in- 
ferior kind of pearl. 

.^^^ nila, s. Blue colour. 2. the 

sapphire; also ^^^'^^^- 3. see 
^iee5. adj. Blue, dark blue. 
_20or©, —-^^F blue colour. 

^^^"uot nilakauthe, s. The blue 
necked Siva. 2. a peacock. 

^^^AS nilagiri, s. A blue 
mountain ; the Nilagiris. 

^^o^o^^id nilanjana, s. Blue vit- 
riol. 2. a small lamp. 

^^C) nili, s. The indigo plant. 
2. blue colour. ~^r^^ to mock 
at. — 7j:^_o^^) to become blue. 

^^^ nile, s. One of the monkey 
chiefs. 2. the planet Saturn. 
— t^jseb a dark or black fowl. 

cl)or( nunga, see ?^ooao. 

^oA-c)5S^> nungavuni, ^. 1^. (of 
^do7\o^^ To get dried, cause 
to dry. 

fliorionungu,^. A species of mite, 
tick, which infests cattle. 

fl^oFio^ nunguni (^^of\), 7j.a.&n. 
To dry up, become dried; 
also ^ooAOjij^^^hoi. 

^of\^^ nungelijL, s. Drying, adj. 
Dry, dried, —^ooiii^ a dry 
cloth. — sjs^ dry fish, salted 
fish. —^^ dry ground. 

fl)=^o3^o^ nukuduni, see ^o7(ono^. 
'^0%?^ nukkuni i^^^^), v.a.^^^o 
bruise ; c/. ^o^4o^. 'U. n. To 
decay, rot. 

f^jr^a nugi^di, see ^^Ka. 
■~i ^r( nuga, s. A yoke. 

■^iM nugate, see ?^oao^. 

fljrisrlci nugapane, s. The joint- 
piece of a watering machine. 

^zr\ nugi 


f^o6 nure 

J^r\^^ nu^ipuni (^^'?), "c'.a. To 

fill up, as a pit, 
J c^ono^jo^ nug^iyuni {^^^), v. n. 
To be filled up. 
f^orlodv)^ nuguduni (noaoS), v. n. 
To labour. 2. to become 
rich; cf. ^oXo-do^. 
c^orioi nugute, s. A clot over a 
letter, as in Persian. 2. 
?^r(j^^ nugupuni (?:^oao), 7;. a. 
To throng, press. 2. to ac- 
cumulate. 3; to loosen. >/4. 

to fill up; cf. ^oi\s^^. 

Jc^orljdJ^ nuguruni (?:^oao5), v. a. 

To loosen, slacken, make 


NoAcJoo^ nuggiyuni (^o?^), ^. ^. 

7 To press. z'.n.^To be filled 

Jc^jri.) nuggu, ac/j. Small, little; 
also ^OAO. 


i fdoT^ o^ nuggel^, ^. Smallness. 
^^T^'^ nuggru, see ^oacj^. 
^'i^ , Noe^j nucci, nuccu, see ^jasl . 

^ N0t3 , r^ J^o nuj ji, nujju, s. A 
contusion, bruise. 

Jf^j^ nudi, ,$•. A word, speech, 
saying. -^0^ an oracle, 
as uttered by a demon-dancer. 
oi>cli-dj-- the counter-part of 
a deed or document, ^"d— 
conduct and speech. 

-^f^oa53c)5S^ nudipavuni, c.v. {of 
c^o2i^^) To cause to speak, 
speak through another. 2. to 
play on a musical instrument. 

-i^o^ob^ nudipini (?^^^), "o. a. To 

speak, talk. 
Jf^o^oj.o^ nudiyuni {^^'^), ^'. n. 

To pronounce, utter. 
«y^Ooji nuppu, .y. Boiled rice. 
J(^og) ^ nuppuni (?^^^), ^. ^. To 

-^jm nubbu, ^^'. Mouldy, 


musty. — ^j3aD ?j(iioso 

split dholl. 
J ^oDri nurige, s. The drum-stick 

tree, Hyperanthera moringa. 
-/c^oOio^ nuritel^, s. Bruising. 

2. chips. 
f^oOsa^^^ nuripavuni, c. v, {of 
J ?:^o54^) Tocausetocrush^^.to 

press into a hole. 
J^oD^^ nuripuni (?^^&), i\ a. To 

break, powder, granulate, 

7?^obo:^oj^ nuriyuui (?^^5), ik n. To 

break, go to pieces. 2. to 

decay; also ?^o&5^?b?i. jioDD 

sc^s^obo a broken heart. 
^odooyj nuruntu, see ^jot^ocWj. 
c^odJo^o^ nuruntuni, see T^jo-doo 

slc^odoosS nurumpe, .y. A hole; cf. 
7(:ioitF. —^ji^Ti:)^ to make a 

^fdoCooeoo nurumbu, .y.^A.lluvium ; 

>/ wood-dust; ^iron-rust. r^. 
?^jCoo20j^ nurumbuni, see "dooeoj 
fiidj^obj nurunuru, s. A crack- 
ing noise; cf j^x^oXot^o. 

J ^djd nure, .y. Foam, froth, scum. 
— 20cXoz§ a small kind of fish, 

^j 6 nure 


f5^, nekki 

— ^si^o^ to vomit froth. — i^oo 
200^ to foam, froth. 
Njd^^o5j nurekayi, s. The soap- 
nut, Sapindiis anarginatus. 
^o=g^F nurka, adv. Suddenly. 
Jt^d'S^o^ nurkalliji, ^. A kind of 
pebbles found in rice. 
?^o=s^or^ nurkuni (.^o^r), v. a. To 
press on. 2. to elbow, push, 
make way. 
xr^^ri^Fp nurguni (-^^Kf)^ v.?i.i^To 
pass over. 2. to sprain. 3. 
'^ to^^ecay; also ?)OAorrfo^'8eE:^. 
i^jjF^r nurge, see ?o5^. ^ 

^^^Fof\ nurtinge, ^. A malicious 

or spiteful man. 
f^oIfoA nurtengi, s. A climb- 
ing shrub, Bryo7iia scahrella. 
^OsP-^^ nurtel^i, see ^obM. 
-J:^:)-^^^, f^osjrc^j^'^nurpuiii, nur- 

puduni, see ^ob^?). 
M?io^j5r^ nurluni (J^o^r), v. a. To 

wind up, fold, shrink. 
v/'^jO null, s. A bit, fragment. 
vif^j^oijo^ nuliyuni (^^^5), ^'. n. 

To be broken, shattered. 
v/?^j?o0^o nusulu, ^^^^ CA) ;doe;o. 
^JSorlo nungu, see ^ooao. 
NJ5^3^=a nukataka, s. Fighting. 
J^Sj'dd^ nukuni (?^j3^), v. a. To 

thrust, push. 2. to reject. 
-i^-'^^^c^ nutavuni (f^js^jd), t'. ^. 
To show. 
f^jSafS nutana, adj. Fresh, new, 
recent, s. Newness, freshness. 
J oShA nutra, adj. All. -/ 2. a 

7c^J3CJ^ nudane, 72 2/ 7/^. adj. The 

4'^Shti^ nudu, ;22^;;^. A hundred. 
F^JS?^a nunate, see ^-to>^. 

Tc^J?)^^ nupuni (?^^^), v. a. To 
spin, twist, string. 

^JS^O nupura, s. An ornament 
of the leg, foot-ring. 

I'F^JSdj^ nuruni (?^-^^), ^'. 7^. To 
creep in, enter with diffi- 
s/nJS^o ntilu, s. Thread, yarn. 
j^ozio— fine thread. Tto^^— thin 
or short thread. — LsBs^^ to 
spin. —^:iOTi^^ to spool. — ?jo 
^^^ to twist thread. 
y^JSdJSuaO nulodu, s. A spindle. 

^ns2 nrijipe, s. A king, sovereign. 
?^^3:]D:d?j a royal throne. 

^e)^' ^^-^ nr^tta, nri^itya, i". A 
dance; dancing. 

fioK (-(Oori) nenge (-enge), 
postp. Till, until, as long 
as. '^^~ till one comes. 
^^^- till it is done. 
J^oeJ^^'^ nentastige, s. Relation- 
J?So^3 nente, s. A relation. 

cSo^ nempu, .^t^*? ?5?^^- 

cS^g', ?S^^^ neka, nekki^, [contrac- 
tion of f^c^^) To (9r for this. 

cS=CT,d, ?S=5=^D^ nekkare, nekkar^, 
s. The plant Melastovia 

of grass. 

^e;- a kind 

J ^^ nekki, ^. Five leaved chaste 
tree, Vitex trifolia. ^Q— Vitex 

N^, nekki 


^\ netti 

negimdo. ^o^— , ^o5— Clero- 
de7idrmn inerme. ~^^\ its 
leaves, used by Koragar 
women for clothing, and by 
some other castes for certain 

^■^o^s^ji) nekkil^padpe, s. A 
variety of Amarantus. 

<5rld negada, adv. Near. 

-\cSri»^, fSricI negadi, negade, s. 
Cold in the head, catarrh. 
-33;^^ to catch cold. 
cSris^ negatt^, s. Overflowing, 
running over. 
-^fSrl^^ negapuni (?5a), ?7. ^. To 
overflow, run over. 2. to 
ooze. 3. to perspire. 
•^f\'Q^ negaru, s. Loitering, 
lingering, as a sick person. 
J 2:^a sea-animal, the vehicle of 
Varuna. 3. a whirlpool, ed- 
dy, —-i^y^^ to be caught in 
a current. 
■^j\<>t\ negarige, s. Lingering. 
fj/idj^ negaruni (^7\5), v. n. To 
linger, loiter. 2. to procrasti- 
?3r1sS negavu, see ^)X4 
^/ ^i'S'* negal^, s. \(Au alligator, 

crocodile. 2. see ?5X5. 
VcjA negi, see^^'r^^. 2. ^^^ "At^o^. 
ifSh^^ negipuni (^'a), e'. ^. To 
leap, jump, spring up. 2. see 
^)•^^^SSi. ^7^5 ^2;o^^ to sew 
JcSr^oJooc^ nogiyuni (?3'^•), 7'.n. To 
rise, come up. 

?Srio^s3oj'^o, negili^mullu, ^£'£? f5e7\ 


J^r\ neggi, J. Shyness; shame, 

^^^' ^A-S °^^^^^ neggya, adj. 
Full, complete. 

^So^ netti^, {adbr. of ^oiM) In 
this, herein. 
■^ ^y?^ nettage, adj. Straight, up- 
right, adv. Straightly; pro- 

cSy.^ri nettalige, s. The ground- 
floor of a storied house. 

?2el netti, see ^^. 

cSLJo. netlu, s. A deep breath. 

rSSo^ nettely, see ^s^^. 

^do=a^ nedank^, .9^^ ^jst^o^. 

^c^o^o^ nedankuni, see ^zio'^j^, 

i ^^ nedi, ^d//'. Long ; cf. ^ia. 

— ^.^?£;o a long stick, pole. 

?S(^oj^, ?S:^5j)^ nedipinl, nedipuni, 
see ^)ao:5oo^. ,2.^^^ ^i.X^i. 

^^^S5^ nedil^, s. A kind of bush. 
^:^ nedd^ (^-z^^r. o/ ^o^3S), 
From this, herefrom. 

i cSj:^^ r^ nedpuni, ^^^ n^X^). 

JfSfl nene, see ^^. 2.^ee ^n. 
cS|^ netta, (addr. o/^o^^ Of this. 

Jc^vBj, netti, J.^he forehead; the 
crown of the head. -^2. the 
front, vertex. 3. a whirlpool. 
/4 . cracking the fingers. 5 . the 
tender stalk of fragrant screw- 
pine, nt^j— top, vertex. —7( 
^^ to crack the fingers. — ?^o 
^r^ to make the 


^i^ netti 


fSo neri 

f.^^od nettiliaiide, j. Dysen- 

, cS|j, nette, see ^o£^; c/. ^§^. 

J?S|,D^ netter^, s. Blood. ^^f^5 
clotted blood. —^ ^ja'^CJ, — d 
^e^o^ a stream of blood. — ^o 
socqi consanguinity. — S5&odoo^ 
to bleed, -ao,^^ to shed blood. 
—8^4^?) blood to run out. -^^o 
ejooi to menstruate, —^"^^h^ to 
have bloody stools. 
fScs^si ned^pa, ^^^ ^i^. 
^d nede, ^^^ o)^. 
c5^^ nenapu, see ^^4- • 
^^^0=^ nenavarike, see ^^^a>^. 
fS?5iJ?r?o^, ?S?2?o^ nenetonuni, 
nenepini, see ^^4^- 

v/fSfS^ nenepu, s. Thought, inten- 
tion. 2. remembrance, recol- 
lection, memory. o3oc^ ^^4 
^^ I do not remember. ~4 
^4^ to remind, bring to re- 
collection. — ^'^o^o) to remem- 
ber, recollect. 

>/ fSfSog^ nenepuni (^^), ^. n. To 
think, imagine, mind, reflect, 
intend. 2. to recollect, re- 

^ c^fSsJDf^ nenevarige, s. Kemem- 
brance, recollection; recogni- 

JfSsj nepa, see ^n^. 
^cdo^o neyama, see o)odo-do. 2. 
see ?2e^o. 

JfSoSo neyi, s. Clarified butter^ 
ghee; grease, fat. 

>i^o5on?)6 neyigare, s. A weaver. 

n.'^o5j7^ neyige, s. Weaving. 2. 

^cSoSOoj^ neyipini (^odj«), ^r. ^. Xo 

weave, plait, braid- 
JfSoSjT^ovl nayipanti, s. A smooth 

kind of grass, soft straw. 
7fSo5osdjj© neyimuli, s. Soft grass. 

/c^oSo^j neyime, ^4^'. ^i^®- -^^^^ 

a fine cloth. 
s/fSoSog^ neyili^, i'. A peacock. 
>^''cSo^j^o^ neyiluni (^c^so), -^z. n;To 
fade, as a bunch of cocoa- 
nut. 2. see e5?£;o^. 
fSo^j^ neyisre, .y. A cloth used 
for cleaning an oilmill. 
J^oSjd^ neyuni (^-^j^), 7-. «. To 
weave, as a spider. 
FScrfjg neyya, see f^^^o. ^^^^^^ 
sJcSoSjSo ^neyyoli, s. A tender palm- 
cSd nera, .y^^ ^^• 

c5d:l nerade, s. Abuse, bad 
language; nickname. — d s:t> 
^"d abusive language. 
fSdsg nerapu, see c^^s^. 
fSd^rS?^ neravanige, see -^o-d^^-R. 
n/^C^ neravu, ^y. The privities of 

the male sex. 
JfSO neri, s. A fold or gather in 
clothes, wrinkle, crease ; also 
^^t):R. _crooB?rao3o an upright 
man. —tj^o^^ to gather into 
folds. • 


2"/to assemble, v^.to be at 
tached. ^.to be t'n coitu. 

^^•^0^0) to fold; , to 

>^SoJoo^, (Sd^c^ neriwJ, nere- 
^ vuni (^5, 5?^), -.'. /2/T0 be full. 




t€> nelli 

J ^6 nere, see ^^. j-^^^^ 

?$uo^, fS6^^ nerelijL, nereli^, ^^^ 
J\ ^^F nerta, «^". Straight. 2. true. 
^^/t'. Straightly. 2. truly. 

^cSsrdo nertama, 3*. Straight 

f^^o^r^ nertruni, see ^hr^. 

^6^Fd, ?SsJrr?, ?S53c)re3 nerpade, 
nerpani, nerpata, see ^"dif. 

^^DFZ^^ nerpavuni, c. z\ (o/^tF 
o)) To cause to abuse. 

^hF^ nerpini (^^), '^. a. To 
abuse, revile. 2. to give nick- 
names, [reviler. 

^t>F6 nerpele, s. An abuser, 

cSsSr nerbe, ^^^ ^£5r. 
i rS^OF^ nerluni, ^^^ ^t5^o^. 
J ^s5r nerve, ^^^ ^^-^of. 

(So^oeio^ nel^ntuni, ^^^ ifowo^. 
y^v nela, ^. v/Earth, soil, floor, 
ground. 2. bottom. — ^^ 
the foundation of a building. 
— Ac§, j-^^ ^ejAzf. —Shjdu an 
earthquake; e/. ^js^ozJ. —-dj^ 
^^ a ground floor, cellar, 
— TOoo bottomless. —^Id^F^ 
to curse, im- precate. — sj^ 
■^iS^i to bury. 

N^j=^c2^ nelakanci, s. The plant 
Narep^amia alata. 


J^^=g'(:^e3 nelakadale, s. The |j^^j^^ nelpuni (?2^) 

ground-nut, Arachis hypo- 

f^^^d nelakara, s. Fertility of 

^^^'<j nelakale, .^. A mark on 

tlic iri'oiincl. 'l.src ^"-£^Xc?. 

"^^J^i^xf nelakari^, see ^^^-^B. ■ 

^^=a'sd nelakale, s. Palsy affec- 
ting on one side of the body. 

cSs;=5'ooEJjd nelakumbuda, s. The 
vegetable Batatas paniculata. 

(3^ rid nelagade, see ^sjaz?. 

^e^^D^r^ nelanalig^e, s. A medi- 
cinal plant. 
^e^^^d nelanekkare, see ^'^^. 
fS^c^O Helanelli, s. Phyllanthiis 


maderaspatensis ^ P. niruri. 

^e;s3"3d nelapale, s. A kind of 

^e;Eo?^s5 nelabasale,^. The spread- 
ing hog weed, Boerhavia dif~ 

fus^' [gentian. 

?2i>c3^^ nelabevu, s. A sort of 

?S^;^jOcd nelamunda, s. A kind 

of fern, Curcidigo orcliioides, 

cSejdooe^o^ nelamuccili;i, s. A 

kind of medicinal plant. 
^^?oo3Jo5jnelasainpayi,^. Kavip- 
feria rotunda. 
J ^6 nele, see ^°3. 
^6o'i& nelenci, s. Dysentery. 

~^^h^ to have dysentery. 
N^oL^o^ nelentuni, see ifcyo^. 
^€"^6 nelakale, see ^<sj^6. 
J^v^dd^ nelpuduni, c. t-. (o/ ^ 
e^o^^) To hang. 

■'. n. To 
be hung, suspended. 
JcSO nelli, s. The emblic myro- 
balan, country gooseberry, 
Phylantliics euihlica, c?s3 oS 
|)i(lvl(^ made of (Mul)lir, myro- 
dri rd fruit. 

-t:50, it: 

^£) nelli 


?S^Q neri 

^"t) 3Drc3j nellirtaye, s. A demon 


so called. 

vi^sj?5 nevana, s. Pretence, pre- 
text, trick. — ^^^ to make 
excuses ; to pretend. 

^i^Zjv, n^v' nevala, nevala, see 

^^^zS^ nevedya, see ^^^e^g- 
^ N-/ 0^ nes^rijL, adj. Morning, -disc 
200 the morning sun. 

^^^c^, N^s;* nesar^, nesalu, s. 

Seasoning. — "^jsbr^, —sj^t^o^ 

to season. 
^^?j'i;* nesalu,^. The forehead; c/. 

^Tib. —20^4 fate, fortune. 
^Xd, ?5?d^ nesale, nesale, s. A 

silly fellow. 2. a large, broad, 

frying pan; also ^7i6. 
•^^k^^ nesipuni (^^), "O-a. To 

press down, make tight. 
J^^o^w-sd nendrabare, s. The 

Malabar plantain. 
4 ^^/i nega, s. Beauty, nicety. 

adj. Beautiful, nice, fair. 
■^c^^he:^ negil^, s. Small caltrops, 

Tribiilus lanuginosus. — ■rfoo 

^\ its thorn. 
J ^^23 neji, s. A nursling, young 

plant of rice, etc. —-^ ts^cti, 

— rf ^'^ a nursery. -?i^?) to 

transplant. — sDcli^to sow in 

a nursery. 
^^ei neti, see ^£j. 

-/f^^ra, F^^rsonena, nenu, s. A cord, 

rope; a bow-string. 
JrS^3c)£J netata, .y.-i Hanging: 

swinging. 2. entanglement. 

cS^3e)c:3j^ netaduni (^p^S), v. n, 
J -"To be pendent, to hang, swing; 

to depend. 2. to be involved 

in difi&culties. 
^^^^ netra, s. An eye. -^js^a 

?2p:^,^j=5'o,%^ netramukkuli, ^. A 

demon so called. 
fS^3^s:J3 netravati, s. A river 

so called. 
^^dg nedya, i"^^ ^^^ec^^. 
^^?^o nenu, see ^?r^. 

fS^ss"3^e!^D^ nepalaber^, s. The 
root of swallow-wort, Ascle- 
pias asthmattca. 

^(j^^ nepini, see jSosoE:^. 

cS^^o nema, s. The annual fes- 
tival of a demon. 2. ^^^ oi 
ojoii). —zSeJ^S a priest seized 
with a demon. 
'c5^^o=3^ nemaka, s. Regulation, 
rule, law; ^determination, 
choice. 3. -appointment, no- 
mination to a post. — -sii^^o^?) 
to appoint, fix. 

cS^^J?oo^) nemisuni (^e^^^oJ), v. a. 
To determine. 2. to appoint. 

^^cdo neya, ^^^ ^^o^>^- 
-/fS^oSo neyi, ^^^ ^o^o- 

?3^o5o?^ neyige, see f^c^o-R. 
J^^^^^ neyuni, see nOsoI:^. 

c^^oaogj neyisre, ^^^ ^oao^. 

^^0 neri, ^^^ ^5. 

c^eSo^c^lJ^, f5^0o€s3)?^d nerinke- 
natti, nerinkepuo^ere, s. A varie- 
ty of country tobacco. 

fv^c I16r6 

372 ^S)^ nocca 

J (^^dnere, j. Straightness. 2. jus- 
tice, truth. 3. agreement. 
^^WStraight; just, true;] 

7 even, like; >ftliin, delicate. 
cS^cIon nsrengi, The name of a 
village, —^^f ^^^ ?3?5o???^&o^. 

J(5^6j3q*, f2?6js<w^o neroliz, nerolu, 
s. The newel fruit, Syzigi 
ja7nbolanum. 3io80o— the rose 
apple, Jambosa vulgaris. 

J ^^dr nerde, adv. Early in the 

J c^^d^r nerme, adj. Fine, thin, 
delicate. — crooSo a delicate 

JcS^s^, N^5jo/T nela, nelangyi, ^.'^A 
hanging rope. 2. a square 
piece of white cloth tied over 
a cradle, to divert or amuse 
the baby in it. -si^t^o^ to 
hang a rope for drying 
clothes upon W.fig. to make 
frequent visits. 
^^e^oh nelangi, see under ^ee;^. 

Jc3?2:"34^^n6lavuni,^.7/. {oft^^^^) 
To hang, suspend. 
^^S neli, see ?3ec;^. 

-Jf2^C'=CT nelike, ^. Hanging, swing- 

Jc3?'^>Jc^ neluni (^e^), v. n. To 
hang, be suspended; to swing, 
vibrate. 2. to hang on, stick. 
^^e3 nel6, .y^^ ^ee^. 

mother's elder sister. —A 
aunt, wife of father's elder 
brother, mother's elder sister. 
JfS^^Oog)^ nevaripuni (^e^a), v. a. 

To fondle, caress. 
JfSfsJ^ nevala, s. A silver or gold 
girdle worn round the loins. 
^^sjD nevuri, s. A kind of cake, 
•^c^^^j nesa, s. Asthma. 
■^%^ nele, see ^e<y. 
^)^ nei, see ^oso. 

coj(3*JS© neikuli, s. The tree 

2. ^^6- 


Wrightia tinctoria. 
-^A^^ neidile, s. The water-lily. 


neipunya, s. Cleverness, 

J^^Vf^ nelya, adj. Great, large, ex- 

. tensive. ~e>o?x, c5ec3o?v a loos: ^^^ 


coat. ~^)^ uncle, father's 
elder brother, husband of 


^/cS)^ojJ neiya, adj. Soft. -:3j3020o 
the evening sun. 

^.sS^cJo neivedya, s. Food pre- 
sented to an idol, an oblation 
to a deity. 

^yi^on^ neisarang^, see ^os>o 

JcSjsoCc), c^JSorsT^ nonna, nonnage, 
adj. Soft, nice. 

?Sj?)=^vX^ nokkuni (^-^^a), v. a. To 
stroll about. 

cSj?)=^ nokke, s. Sweepings, rub- 
bish. 2. the name of a woman. 
— cSjaTJ^ all rubbish. 

fSjs^^d nokkele, ^. A trifling 
or destitute man. 

noga, see ^7\. 

cSj^2i nocca, sec ^^. 

2. see ^o 

^s,'!^ nocci 373 

nocci, s. Rice cooked with 

c3^oto nounta 


ghee, cocoanut, eU. 2. ^^^ 
jS-Oj. — f^-6 a leaf used for 
various ceremonies. 
-irSjss^o, fSjseI noccu, nocce, adj. 
Minute. 2. light. 3. beneath 
notice, paltry. 
J?SJSr^ nonna, see ^jaor«. 
t^JSOSoD"" noyiri^, s. Whiting, lady- 
fish; cf. 'SZ^. 
^JSdG^ norad^, s. Rubbish.' 
^js6 nore, see ?^ot5. 
^j3^o noUu, s. A kind of water- 
J^JS^o^ nompu, s, Any meritori- 
ous act of devotion. 2. a 
festival, especially the one 
observed on the 14th day of 
the 6th lunar month in honor 
of Ananta. 
-> cSj^^oSOonombu, s. Fasting among 
the Mohammedans; fast, pe- 
J nance. >t ^j?>o20o^ to fast. 
?Sjs^^^, f5js^=^J5^ nokate, noko- 

te, s. The name of a tree. 
^J?)^=ao, ^J^^T'\d noku, nogu, adj. 
Small; inferior. 2. bad. 
Jc^JS^Ll nota, s. Sight, 


view. 2. aim. —7^-5 a for- 
tune-teller; one who hits 
the mark. — ^<so^o fortune- 
telling; guess, surmise. —7i6 
aiming, -a?^^, ^^_3^^ to aim; 
to hit. —531)1^0?) to watch, 
look after. 
tSj3^l3?%^ notice, s. Notice, inti- 

fSjS^yo notu, s. A bill of ex- 
change; a promissory note; 
a currency note. 
J^Jt^dd^"^, ?SJS^C3s)sS^''nodadru- 
nij'^odavuni, v. a.^o point at, 
/ show. 2.''to rake up, stir. 

?Sj5^^o^ nodilu, s. ^^€. 

^?2jS^fl none, s. Saliva, spittle. 

c^J^i^Sj'SsS^ nopavuni, c. v. (o/^j^? 

^o^) To cause to beat or strike. 

>/cSj3^^^, ^js^^^ nopini, nopuni 

(^jse), v. a. To beat, strike, 

flog, knock. 2. see ^jsecxsjE^^. 

^Jw^^^doSj, ^J5^s2q3 nopunaye, 

nopele, ^. A beater, striker. 
N^^oSo noyi, see ^jseco. 
s/c5J5^o5o^^noyipini (?Sj?)?oci:«), z'. n. 
To ache, pain. 
^JS^c^o noru, s. Freight, fare, 
hire. % see njsosjS. — sjoz^osj 
fixed hire. 
f^js^d nore, s. A kind of water- 
plant. 2. a kind of tare. 
— z34^?i to root out the tares. 
J?Sj3^6 nore, s. A kind of crane. 
?Sjs^O noli, see f^jaeeS. 
c2js^®?;!d nolisara, s. A species 

of aloe. Aloe lit or alls. 
rSJS^^o nolu, see ^jse'do. 
f2j?)^23 nole, adj. Very sour. 
V^JS^sS novu, s. Pain, ache. 2. 

Jc2jS)^2o nohi, ^. A meritorious 
act or vow. 
^ nou, adj. Naval. 
c5^o^-3s2)^ nountavuni, c. v. (of 
?fi)owo?)) To cause to pinch. 


^olio nountu 


cSJi)n^^ nyuna 

^olio nountu, s. Pinching. 
Jt^oUj^ nountuni (^oS), 7'. a. 

To pinch. 
J??^o^o nountu, s. Squeezing, 
pinching, crushing. 2. chew- 
ing. — ^§j^ to masticate, 
ruminate. — aetc^i to loosen 

^o^o^) nountuni (n^o^j, v. a. 
To chew. 

^0^ noumpu, see t^^o-^. 
J ^oog^) noumpuni (^^), 7-. ^.^To 
chew. 2. to entangle. 

^^ nouka, s. A ship. 

^^6, ^u^d noukare, noukare, 
^. A servant. 2. a lascar. 

^e3 nouji, ^. A spear, lance. 

^e3* nout^ see ?3^owo. 

N^too/T^ noutang-i^, .y. A weight 
equal to ahout three Rupees 
or one-eighth of a seer. 

^Uo noutu, see ^cu^. 

^a noudi, s. Kubera's nine 
gems; also ?i^^)0 . —•rfj^rSs'n 
the imaginary gem on the 
head of a serpent. 

^Oo noumi, see ?J^^. 
s/fT^^j^ nouluni (?J^^), 7^. w.^'To 
itch, be irritated. 2. to be 

distressed, r. a. To covet, 
desire eagerly. 

"^^0 noulu, s. Longing, hope; 
cj". ^i^^o. 

co^ocd nyande, s. One-sixth of a 

^DoZ^ nyad^, s. Pain, aching. 
J^^^c'OJo nyaya, s. Justice, equity, 
propriety, fitness. 2. law. 
3. logic. 4. morality. 5. 
quarrel. adj. Right, just, 
proper, reasonable. —7^-6 a 
logician; a lawyer; a quar- 
relsome man. — ^Se^^, — s?^r 
a judgment, decision, verdict. 
— aD^ logic; a work on law. 
— ^s ?5 a court of justice, 
judgment seat. — ^ci^^, — "^^ 
•^^^ to quarrel, fight, dispute. 

^o03o^^3J3 nyayadhipati, s. A 
judge, tribunal. 

c3e)oSJ'T;^ nyavala, see ^e^^s^. 

^■5)0^ nyasa, s. xYbandonment. 
2. a deposit, pledge. 3. mental 
appropriation, accompanied 
with certain prayers and 

cdjSoc^ nyuna, adj. Blamable. 
2. less, deficient, defective. 

c3J?-?oi nyunate, s. Defect, defi- 
ciency; omission. 



3Joe^ penca 

t> pa, The thirty-fourth letter of 
the alphabet. 

sJo=a^ pank^, s. The hair about 
the privities. 

sjo^ panka, s. A fan, pankah. 
2. mud, mire. 3. evil, sin. 

sJo=s^^ pankaja, s. The lotus. 

sJo=aa)rj*' pankasi^ s. Sprinkling. 

3io^^ pankila, adj. Muddy. 

t>o^ pankti, see ^o^. 

t,z!SLi pankha, see ^o^. 

sjort panga, see ^c^. 
>/sJoric^ pan^ada, ad/.^ Bistmct, 
apart, s. A division, part, 
portion. 2. a group, 
^siorl^sg^ pang^adipuni (s^oXS), 
z'. <2. To straddle; to place 

sjor^d?^ pang-idana, see ^o7.-d^. 

sJorlopan^u, adj. Lame, cripple. 
s. A cripple. 

sJorio^ pangula, s. A horse of 
a silvery white colour. 2. a 

siorioS; panguli, adj. Soft, slip- 
pery. 2. see ?^o7(o€>. — sj^iTJa 
soft word. 
^ sjos^ panca, s. A rice field. 2. 
a breed, sort, kind. oSoiS — 
a good breed. <§si- a small 

sics:^ panca, adj. Five, consist- 
ing of five. — ^ five,, made 
of five; a pack of five, as of 

3Jo2^^td od^ pancakajjaya, i". An 
aggregate of five articles: 
dholl, gingely seed, jaggory, 
cocoanut and cardamoms, 
as an offering to Ganesa. 

t>ozi^o^F pancakurve,^. A wick- 
er basket or box. 

3JoecM^o5o paucagajjeyi, see ^czi 


Sjcs^rl^i^o pancagavya, s. Five ar- 
ticles derived from the cow: 
viz., milk, curds, ghee, urine, 
and dung, mixed together 
and drunk as a means of 

sjod^o^, pancatantra, s. A popu- 
lar book of fables in five 
chapters, containing stories 
illustrative of five qualities 
necessary to kings and great 

tic^^^ pancatatva, see t>o^2^j^^. 

^07^^ pancani, s. A variegated 

3JoE^?5^6, 3Joe^^^ pancanekkare, 
pancanekri, s. A nettle creeper. 

sJo2;^sJ^^6 pancapakire, s. A 
pauper, vagabond. 

3Jo2:^sJi,paDcapatre, s. The worm- 
wood plant. 

3Jo2:^5Te)cc^^D^ pancapandaveryi, 
s. The five Pandu princes. 

sjos^^'s^^ pancapataka, see 7io?i 





3Jot3t) panca 

3jo2^53^i^ pancapatre, s. A small 

metal tumbler, cup. 
t>oZ^oZDh pancapapi, see under 

sjos^osj^rs pancaprana, s. The 
five vital airs in the body. 

sJce^2o©pancabali, s. An offering 
to the five elements. 

sJoZa2^J5^pancabhuta, s. The five 
elements: earth, air, fire, 
water, and ether. 

sjo2;^sjo pancama, adj. Fifth. 

sjos^s±)Sq"9^ 4)^=5 pancamahapa- 
taka, s. The five most heinous 
sins: murdering a Brah- 
man, stealing gold, drinking 
spirits, seducing the wife of 
one's spiritual preceptor, and 
associating with a person who 
has committed such sins, ^o 
£:^Ti3oo^3jD:^^, ^ic^isj^?: one guilty 
of these sins. 

sJos^^JS^^ pancamali^, s. The 
local market of a town. 

3^02^ ^j pancami, s. The fifth day 
of a lunar fortnight. 

sJoe^doj^S pancamukhe, s. Siva 
with five faces. 

sJcScs:^jJSej pancamiila, J. A medi- 
cine of five ingredients. 

Sjo^^dorlpancaranga,^^^ Tiosirfrer. 

tjoi^T^i^ paricaratna, s. A poem 
of five verses. 2. five princi- 
pal gems: diamond, emerald, 
pearl, ruby, and sapphire. 

5Jo^Oo3jD* pancariyeryi, see srfo 

sjoe^doh paricarengi, see zJ?|^t5oYn. 

5io2^s3jS^5o pancaloha, J. The five 
chief metals: gold, silver, 
copper, iron, and lead; or 
copper, brass, tin, led, and 
iron. 2. a metallic composi- 
tion, bell-metal. 

sJoe^sJrir pancavarga, s. The five 
classes of letters in the al- 
phabet from ^ to ^. 

SJo^^sJrsF pancavarna, s. Five 
colours: white, black, red, 
yellow, and green. 

tiO'^'^^z^pJs 6 pancavalibaccire, see 

sJos^ST^do pancavadya, s. Five 
principal musical instru- 
ments: the lute, cymbals, 
drum, trumpet, and a kind 
of hautboy. 

3JoE5e)ori pancanga, s. An alma- 
nac. 2. the foundation of a 

3iot5DvBri pancatige, see 3:iot^a3oa. 

3Jo25«)4 pancatma, s. The con- j 
science. *i!i 

sJot5"353c)C3^ pancapadi;, s. Dis- 
persion, scattering. 2. waste, 

sj 025^ 5^0%;^ pancamr^ta, ^. The 
aggregate of five articles, 
used in bathing an idol : milk, 
curds, butter, honey, and 

s^oesDoSOsB, 3JoS5DoSo.^ri pancayi- 
ti, pancayitige, s. Arbitration. 
2. an assembly composed of 
fivc<::'r more poisons to settle 
a matter by aibitration. sic 

)ZBD panca 




z^os>d^5 arbitrators. 

to settle by arbitration. 
^o:^d€) panelli, see ^o&^^. 
s:lotoFs)S202^u pancalibaccire, see 

sjos^-sdo^ panciler^, see zJo^^d^S. 

tio:^!)^^ pancasati, s. Pentecost. 

3Jot5"i)^ pancali, s. A braggart, 
talkative man. 

sJotJ^^D^ pancalerij, s. The five 
classes of artificers: gold- 
smiths, blacksmiths, carpen- 
ters, braziers, and masons. 
2. the name of a warrior 

^o^S^oa^oJj pancendriya, s. The 
five organs of sense : the eye, 
ear, nose, tongue, and skin. 

3Joz§^D^ pancer^, s. One-eighth 
of a maund, 3J pounds. 

3Jos§\dD^ panceiveri^, see ^jcsjdoso 
iS under ^oe-jsoao^. 

3JoS§J3^ pancoli, s. A very pun- 
gent kind of betel leaf. 

\ot^ panja, 

s. The hand with 

fingers extended. 2. a repre- 
sentation of the same carried 
in procession at the Moharam, 
supposed to represent the 

3. the tuft of a 
Scarcity. 2. 

hand of Ali. 
J'sioti panja, s. 
T^oud panjara, s. A cage. 

..^ot^^d panjara, s. A fritter, 
a kind of amulet. 


2. a 

^3:^023 panji, s.^A pig, hog. 2A 
torch. — &355 a male bamboo, 
Bamhusa stricta. — ^ooc^o, see 
tiO'^. —•rfooczf osj, see ziiSs?, ^. 
iDOSj— , ^?6_, -doo^o^— a porcu- 
pine, "^ri^— a porpoise, ^j^— 
a hand-lamp, ^e— the country 

isjotij panju, J. A torch. 

sjotio©r panjurli, ^. The name 

of a demon. 
3:jc^ panje, s. A kind of towel 
sjob^ pant^, ^^^ ^^^• 

pandi^dyi korpini, pandi^korpini, 
see under ^dr^o). 

3jor^ panda, s. Discernment, learn- 
ing, wisdom, understanding. 
2. articles or things in gene- 

sjo^Jpandite, ^. A learned man. 
2. a teacher. 3. a doctor, 

sJo^S) pandili, ^. A musk-rat. 

sjo^ljsraj^ pandonuni, ^^^ t,^^^. 

sjorasj pannavu («^3r. ^/ s^oa 
cj4), ^^^ under xif^^. 2. i"^^ 

3JorS panni, see ^o^. 

sjcfi panne, ^. A bunch of plan- 

sjorijs^ri pannolige, s. A basket 
or wooden trough for draw- 
ing water. 
«/3jor9o pannya, s. A comb. 

3Jo3^ pantu, s. A trap. 

sjo^ panta, ^. A purpose, vow, 

3Jo>B panti 


3Jo20^ pambu 

^o) to bet. 

^ resolution. 2Ya bet or wager. 
^s^o-^^^t:^— a manly resolution. 
?i to be resolute. —'^ 
fisii^^^^ to lose a 
wager. sjo^jsaj resolutely, 
positively, purposely. 

tioh panti, s. Grass. 2. a 
dauble nail. 

:sto^toT\ pantirengi, see t^^^^o-h. 

sjo^od pantura, see ^o&tj. 
J tiot pante,^. Aline, row, range. 
—^0^3^^ to sit in a line. -^^ 
■^— the succeeding line of 
guests at a meal. 

sjoJjs^eo pantoji, .y. A school- 
master, teacher. 

sJoio pantye, s. A small lamp. 
<^^— mud lamps used at an 
illumination ((L'^a^si). 

tio^ pantha, see tio4. 

oJodd pandade, ^. Fructification, 
productiveness of a tree. adj. 

3ioC3^5S^ pandavuni, c.v. (o/^o 
^^) To rock, swing, move, 
wave, shake, oscillate. 

/^oa pandi, dz^: Reserved, cau- f «^/Small. 2. worn-out. -^^ 

??js65) a worn-out spade. 

tious. —^Ti-^j^^ a reserved 

sioDOpandili, ^. Akind of mouse; 

also ^^ o : cf. t>oi^€). 
Jt>oci^^ panduni (■^o5)^ v. n. To 

shake, be loose, wave, move, 

be agitated, oscillate, vibrate. 
^ioCoSjO pandrali, s. A very 

talkative man. 
Soo^j-D^'s^DDri pndhuraliraga, s. 

The name of a tune. 

JsJON panna, see ^c^. 

sjo^^oejd, 3JoNoto:)dpannambara, 
pannambura, ^. Ambergris. 2. 
affectation, ado. 3. mystery, 
mystification. — ■siJ'£<o^^)to make 
a mystery of anything. 

3c!o^ri pannaga, s. A serpent. 
J 3jo^ panni, s. Bragging, boasting. 
2. egotism, self-conceit. 3. see 
e£)Sr. — do^ profession and 
practice, exhortation and ex- 
ample; advice, admonition. 
^•do^ ^^r-sj^ he cares neither 
for exhortation nor for exam- 
ple. —rf^J3e&3 a braggart, an 
idler, —"iTi\^, — ^jseio ^, —zi^-^ 
■do^, -eS^or^ to boast, brag. 

sJo^^D^ pannir^/^. Rose water. 
_^<^iS^ to sprinkle rose water. 

3c!o^^d pannira, adj. Rose-scent- 
ed. — Aczji rose-cented sandal 

sjc^ panne, see t>oA 

3Joc2 panne, s. The cheek. 2. 
tonsure at the forehead in the 
form of a comb. 3. see 


— ^^ a parasol, —^^t^o^ the 
cheeks to fall in. — Srfjr^ to 
ornament the beard or the 
hair about the face with 
tweezers. — ^^cdoo^ to be- 
come proud. 

3J0^jcS pambade, s. A devil- 
dancer belonging to a low 
class of Sudrfis. 

sjoico pambu, sre xir^^. 

5o^o pamma 


t>-^y pakki 

v/'sjodo pamma, s. Fraud, trick. 
n/sjo^of^) parnkuni (^c^r), z'. a. 
To pluck out, scratch with 
nails. [nut. 

sJoT^JSr^ parngotte, s. A cashew- 
^QS^jF^ parncuni (^iosFr), v. a. 
To trouble. [some man. 

tjzi%'Fi> parncele, ^. A trouble- 
v/sJoC3^F parnd^, s. Ripeness. 2. a 
ripe fruit. 3. ripe plantains. 
adj. Ripe. 2. gray. 
«/ 3JoC3^Fs3)^ parndHvuni, 6-. 7'. (^ 
3:jorfor^)<ro ripen. 2. to per- 
^/3joCjoF^ parnduni (^o5r), «z/. /2. 
To be ripe, mature. 2. the 
hair to turn gray. 
3^0200^^ parmbuni, see ^20or^. 
tr5^^ paki^di, s. A long, narrow 
turban. [ino*. 

tj=6T^^ pakadiji, s. Seizure; fetch- 
si =ct 3* pakat^, ^^2:'. Only, merely, 
simply. 2. entirely, wholly. 
_?jO"^o^ a daring lie. 
-isc^s:^ pakapaka, ^^7'. ^Quickly; 
much, excessively, —^Jt^is^^ 
to palpitate, as the heart ; to 
pant; to leap, hop. 
^ ti^t pakara, ^>^Sap, juice. [2. use, 
profit. c33e;i) ^g'-d f^aS it is 
good for nothing. 
Jti^'o, Zj^'4 pakala, pakala, s. 
Coral. ?^^e; ^6 5 ^^e; ^c?xo5o 
/zV. having learned everything, 
he swallowed a coral (bead); 
he is a jack of all trades and 
master of none. 
SJ^'SO pakali,^. A leathern water 

bag carried on a bullock, etc. 

2. one who supplies water 
in such a manner; a water 

si=s=e)?o^ pakas^, sec ^^^c3. v^^^^^ 
•^h^t pakire, s. A fakir, mendi- 
sJ=^odo pakuru, s. A rascal. 
Vsj^, sj^f5 pakka, pakkane, adv. 

Suddenly, unexpectedly. 2. 

3J=CT, pakka, adj. Foreign, of 

another country, t.see'^^^- 

3. see ^^9^. 4. see s^^ -craoSo 
a foreigner. 

sj^?3 pakkale, ^. A glutton. 2. a 
small net. 3.^^^ 3i;^?5; (;/:3i=^^d 

sj^ro^ pakkas^, ^. A rafter. 

ti'^'ik pakka, adj. Ripe, mature. 
2. fit, proper. 3. substantial, 
solid. 4. exceeding, perfect, 
complete. —^^0 a consummate 
falsehood. —^^0^ a downright 
rogue. — =?^£J?j a clever stroke 
of business; excellent work- 
manship. — ?iTJ^je>oi a clever 
man. — s:^^^ a proper word; 
an apt reply. — ?)SjDa3o a 
valiant soldier. 

sd^^© pakkali, see ^^e5. 

sj^ pakki, s. A bird. ?^eo^oro— 
a kind of partridge. ^^Jdd"^, 
— ^J3^ kinds of fish. — cao3o 
a fortune-teller. ^^e;a3o a 
lintel, headpiece of a door 
frame. — t^js^a croup, bron- 
chitis, peculiar to children. 
— ?je3 a hawk. 

'rd, pakku 


332^ paca 

sj^j, pakku, see ^^^. 
si^pakke, s. A rogue, rascal, 

cunning fellow. 2. a clever 

s/3J=^ pakke, ^.^he side; of. ^^. 

2. a banner. —^^ a rib. 
sj^ pakta, see ^^^. 

3j^ pakva, adj. Mature, ripe, 
fit, suitable, proper; cooked. 
— e?^^ to ripen. 

^7^^ pag^di, see t>^^. 

sjn^s^o^* pagi^mali^, see ^X^f . 

sJn^D^ pagijri^, s. Cleverness, 
skill. 2. trickery, cunning. 

3. see 7^7(5. 

Jsiiid parade, s. An ace, one in 
games, dice. — :^j320o^^to play 
at dice. 

J^Tii pagate, s. Exchange, re- 
turn; revenge. ~K in ex- 
change, instead of. — K tjX^ 
like for like. [custom. 

-^3:r(£) pagadi, s. Tribute, tax, 

isirl^c^ pagapuni (^Tv), z'. a. To 

change, exchange, substitute. 

h sirio^ pagary, ^.^Time, turn. 2. 

making signs with the hand. 

3. hire, rent, wages. 

Jsjrid pagara, s. Exchange. 2. 
sj/iossj pagarata, s. Changing, 

Jl^rlO pagari, s. An arrow, dart. 
^rldj^i pagaruni (^^tCS), v. n. To 

\ be infected. 2:to shift, change 
place. t3j3?X— to take the 

^fs'i%7 pagarce, see ^aJ. 
tij\^ pagal^, see Ti-R^. 
sjrio, t,r\^ pagala, pagala, see 

sjrid pagala, see ^^e3. 
JsJh pagi, s. A rent, splint, split. 

^r\^ pagidi, ^^^ ^^a. 
J sjn^^ pagipuni (-?^), -6/. ^. To 
rend, split. 

^r\t^^ pagipelu, see ^^^. 

J sjhojjj^ pagiyuni (^^0' ""■'' ^- To 
split, rend; to crumble, fall 
in pieces; to give way. 

^3jfi page, s. Hatred, enmity, 
malice, hostility. _ ?3so3o a 
foe, adversary. — 3ja5 anti- 
pathy, spite. -^^0^^ to en- 
tertain hatred. --s^js^o^^ to 
hate. — 20jsyj^, — i^aodoo^) to 
seek revenge. 

j^fie:^ pagel^, ^. The day-time. 
-^^ a blue light. 
t)A^ pagele, s. A kind of harm- 
less snake, 
sjrij paggu, s. The first Tulu 
month ; the sign Aries in the 

i3Jr|j,o^ pagtel^ji, s, A rent, slit. 

-^t>'^'^. pacakka, s. Plash, splash. 
_20j3-do^ to fall with a splash- 
ing noise. 
3:J2^r5 pacana, s. Cooking. 2. 
digestion, —^h^ to be di- 
gested. -liD^j^^ to dress 
food; to digest. 

-^^•^ztz^ pacapaca, ^.Licking. 2. 
a clacking noise, adj. Little, 

t^zsD paca 


3j23 pajji 


scanty. — o^e^ scanty water. 
~8^^ to lick, eat with a clack- 
ing noise. 

^"^D^ pacara, s. Punishment, 
castigation. 2. a fine, penalty. 
—•^"^•^^ to fine; to reverence. 

3jZad pacile, s. A kind of oyster. 

sJ2^^3 paciti, ^. Plight, predi- 
cament ; trouble, distress. 
2. disgrace. 
sl^Za pacca, ^^ An emerald, adj. 
Green. 2. fresh, -si^^ broad 

sie^ohj paccangri, ^^^ 7^d;So7\. 

^''i^ o^fi paccandige,^^^ t^o^oso^. 

sJ2^=s^^rd paccakarpura, s. A 
superior kind of camphor. 

sjei b^ paccatiji, see ^^^B. 

sjz^^ paccadi, s. Minced vege- 


tables, salad. 
^sjz^d paccade, s. A silk cloth 

worn by males; a shawl. 
t>Zc ^ paccana, see ^isi?^. 
sjz^ c^-^6 paccanekkire, see ^^ 

t)2^^ paccala, s. The buttocks. 
sJe5^ 0?^ paccarige, see sie^^T^. 
3J2^D^, siSzad pacciri;, paccire, s. 

The pulp enclosing the seed 

of a jackfruit. '^o^^— a small 

layer of it. 
t2^6oT\ paccirengi, see 7i^So%. 
6^1^^ paccila, s. A medicinal 

^'^^7^ pacclsiji, s. A kind of 

game with dice or cowries. 

J ^2^ pacce, s. Greenness, fresh- 


"zdj. Green; fresh; c/. 
-soor® green colour. 
i^§=^J^d23^ paccekorali^, s. A 

kind of fragrant flower. 
;Z§ 6oA paccerengi, s. A kind 
of nettle, Tragia involucrata. 

'ts P^^^y^^ -"'^ ""gr- [mat. 

\'i^'5^ pajaki^, s. A bag made of 

Jti^e)oaj pajakayi, see sSgd^oso. 
2. .y^^ e^^jSro^. 

JsJeS paji, rt;^'. Wet, damp. 2. 
full of sap. 3. green, fresh. 
-.=^j2a green grass, tender 
shoot, sprout. —^25 quite raw, 
green. —-^"^ a tree or timber 
in a fresh state. — ^o5 a green 
whip-snake. — "^ a green leaf. 
-^•do^ to revive, as a faded 
plant. —3^^^, -^yj^^ to 
grow green, become stout. 

JsJ23d^ pajir^, s. Grass. 
3je36 pajire, {abbrev. of ^^ ^S) 

A green or fresh leaf. 
scJeo^vB pajiti, see ^isi?©. 

Jti'S, paje, ^. A mat. f^^jr^- 
a mat plaited with double 
leaves, aj^r-^— a mat plaited 
with single leaves. ^^^r®— 
a very small mat. —tjZ^^^ a 
worn-out mat. "doosi^croTSc^— 
a fine mat. -^^o^^i to be 
confined to bed from sick- 
ness; to be very sick. 
ld^o^^s3 pajemadipele, s. A 

large kind of bee. 
:t2 pajji, see ^^. 



see ©s 


t.kt^ pati^, adj. Sharp, skilful, 
clever; strong, —"^c^ sl dodge. 
sJeJ pata, see ^^. 
. sdeiorl patanga, see ^y^oX. 
J sJli^ patakka, see t>^^. 

sjlici, sjei?^ patane, patane, ^. 
Reading, perusal, recitation. 
J sj^sj^^ patapatane, s. A flap- 
ping or rattling sound. 

sjejs; patala, see ^w . 

3jyos)^3* patalamii, ^. A regi- 
ment, army, battalion, —ess 
o3o a soldier, sepoy. 

^jydJ^^^^^o patalkodu, see ^y 

3JeJ5i?do^o^ patavasuttu, s. A kind 
of drum. 

t^bi!)^ pataki, s. A squib, crack- 
er, —z^ot^^ to let off a 
cracker, to crack up ; to tell 

?j^-S-o patakila, see siu ^osj. 

3Jte^ patate, see 8o6ro63. 

3Jbc)?§ patani, s. A class of 
Mohammedans. 2. ^^^ eodrorS. 

r;b^^<^c3^o3j patan^daye, s. A 

382 3jy, patta 

Jsjli pati, s. A rafter. sDSsi- a 
palmyra rafter. 

3Jeio(1 patin^a, <2^//'. Roguish, 
knavish. —^^ roguery, kna- 
very; prodigality. 

t.l^of\ patinge, s. A rogue, rascal, 
knave, scoundrel. 2. a pro- 

43:i^'«)^ patala, ad-v. 

to strike 


3o^e)^o patalam, see 3iUe;»So. 

3i^"5)0 patali, see ^&ro^. 
Js;^?)sS patavu, see i^iu^oX. 

sjbc)'^ patali, s. A buffalo with 
wide-spread horns. 2. a palan- 
quin bearer. 

3i!3^e)d patikara, s. Alum. 
3je3=^, ^UA patike, patige, s. 

Urine. [^oso. 

3Je3o^ 0-30^0 patilijLkayi, ^6'£? ^^^ 

sJ^eo°, si^^d patel^, patele, ^. 
The headman of a village. 

3J^^, patt^, s. A nest. 2. abun- 
dance. -K ^^sjdt^Jc'o ///. to 
thrust hand into a nest; to 
divulge a secret. ■djo^j^:::^ 
abounding in thorns. — ^iio^^ 
to build a nest. —%z:^^ a 
nest to be pulled down; to be 
dispersed; a secret to be di- 

fsjH patta, s. A metal plate 
with astrological inscriptions, 
fastened on the forehead of 
a Brahman, to avert the 
consequences of having been 
born under an unlucky star. 
2. crowning, anointing, instal- 
lation, ordination. 3. a 
throne, office, rank. 4. title 
or appointment of office. 5. 
a deed of lease or gift, a 
grant. — rf "d^^ a royal seal. 
t>^r^^^^ anointing a king, 
or priest, coronation, ordina- 
tion. — ?:to«3, see sirf^id ~^^:>^ 

sjLj, patta 


;^ patte 

to reign, rule. — ^w«^^), — =5'js 
hr^ to crown; to ordain. 

J3:;ej, patta, ^i/:'.''Sudclcnly. 2. j-^^6^ 
sici . _^lJ^ a vow suddenly 
made when in trouble. —^ 
zss^^to break suddenly. 

sfsiy.oeG, ^kjon pattanna,pattanga, 
Bragging, boasting. — siDii^o^, 
— jZD^'or':) to talk idly and 
rA}.of\ pattange, s. A braggart. 

oJ-'JcEj:: pattambara, s. A robe 

of state. [lace. 

^oCl^a pattadi, ^. A kind of neck- 

sjsj^d pattade, .s^:^ ^g^^- 

sJeJ ra pattana, .y. A city, town. 

sic^^co^^ pattadane, s. A royal 

rA^.C^^ pattadevi, s. A queen. 


^£j,^ pattane, see ^w^. 

5:;ej.eooq^ pattabandha, ^. Coro- 


rM.o:Sd pattaya, see ^^ . 
s^C'i^^^ pattavali, s. A striped 

silk cloth. 
^'H^ pattavu, ^^^ 3iy^. 


s:e3i).or1 pattanga, see s^WjCa. 

3:£3D,c^ pattani, ^^^ 206^?^. 

5J^3-3flo pattanye, see si&ro^a^oSo. 

s:e3'^/cj^^^ pattabhisheka, see 
under siw 


s:e3|,oSj^j© pattayipili, ^. A royal 

s^eoD.D pattari, s. Ruin. -^eL^^ 

to go to ruin. 

sjsj^^^ pattala, see t^ks^^. 

3ie3|.sS pattavu, see ^w^oa. 

sJe3|^55^ pattavuni, c, v. (^ziwj^^) 
To cause to be distributed, etc. 

siej patti, s. A list, catalogue, 
voucher. 2. a note, short 
letter. 3. the fastenings of a 
^ box, etc.\ cf. ^^^ 4. a strip 
of cloth, collar of a coat. 5. 
a lathe. 6. a kind of tonsure. 
7. a bundle of betel leaves; 
also ^^,20bIt5. —53^ a kind of 
glass bangles. — 5W^^ to 
apply a bandage or ligature. 
— T^^^^Fc^ to appoint, —j.^-^t^ 
to shave the head in stripes. 
—20-55^ to write a list, note, 

3Jl3.o/i, ^Ijoripattinga, pattinge, 
see ^eoCA. 

t:^J\ pattige, ^^^ ^^^■ 

sjlj.^ojdo pattimuru, s. A kind 
01 earring. 

sjeJo. pattu, ^^^ -^. 
J/sJ£Jo^^ pattuni (^^), '^. ^. To 
divide, distribute, apportion. 
:^3i^ patte, s. A stripj-H^tripe. >/2. 
silk. 3. a document specify- 
ing a grant of land, etc\ cf. 
tj'&^ 4. a slip or strip of a 
palm tree. 5/a piece of cloth ; 
a tape. — ^c2a a silk border. 
— Tv)'^ a silk merchant; a 
dealer in silk. — ?jj3<^o raw 
silk, silk thread. — ^e^ a 
female's silk garment. ^5 
coo— a black stripe. screw- 
a black or yellow coloured 

;^j^ patto 


\^ padi 

3J^J?.rc)j^ pattonuni, re/l. z\ {of 

3:iwo^^) To share, divide, etc. 
si^^^r pattye, see 3i&|^. "i.see ^^• 
sjkJ patna, sec ^y.r®. 

^s:;^ =5-^0^0, siei^js^c^j patlakayi, 
patlakodu, s. The snake-gourd, 
Tricliosanthes anguina. 

sJd patha, ^. A picture, drawing. 
2. a boy's kite. adv. Much. 
— zii^o^^ -to fear much, —z^ifu^ 
^^ to let fly a kite. 

sics^s^, tjU.^'ih pad^ca, pad^ci, see 

sJG^^j^, 3::cs^3^ pad^pvL, pad^pu, 

see ^Ti^. 
sJJ3^s3 padi^pe, ^^^ ^'^'^^ 
^d pada, ^^'. Not sufficiently 
J sloping. J 2. placing^;' laying. 
— ^js)S a flat roof. — eojaTJo^i 
to fall or lie at *length. 
-Isi^ pada, s. A boat. 

sJdoFi padanga, see ^T>Tio7<. 
>/ 3J2^ozoj padambu, s. A rough 
canvas cloth. 
t)Zio^Ji>^ padamboli, ^. A liar. 

2. see ci^js o. 
sric^e.-! padaca, ^^^ ^^. 
J sjc^sjc^ padapada, ^^^ ^iyziw. 
Ji sJc^oS^) padapuni, ^^^-'^i^T^osi. J2, 
see Tjiihc^. 3. j^^ eoT^jgi^. 
J 3Jr^33 padape, j. A whore ; a 
sJc^sSdcj* padaperad^, s. A kind 

of grass. 
sjc^^^^j* padapos^, adj. Superfi- 
cial, shallow, not profound. 
-c33o3o a flatterer. 

^dt,^ padappe, see ^ri:^. 

r^oJo padaya, adz'. One upon 

another. — eojs-do^ to fall one 

upon another. 
t>d<^ padari (jj^^^),see under tjti. 
Jsiddj^ padaruni (^^riB), i\n. To 

■^XjJ^^ padavu, s.^k vessel. 2. see 

tjdT^ padas^, see ^t^oj. 

sjdrjsei) padasale, s. A veranda, 

reception hall. 
sJcs-^oSo padayi, s. Trouble. 2. 

see 3icA osj. 
sJz^-ssS padavu,^. An imputation, 

Sti^ padi, ^. ^ daily allowance 
of food, extra pay to servants 
when travelling. ^ 2. alms in 
kind. S.^a small weight. 

J 4.-^ thrashing frame ; also xsa 
^oo£i^. 5.^a door or shutter 
made of slips of bamboos 
tied together. -S5& rice for 
charity. — s^'^ a building over 
a gateway, a porter's lodge. 
— ^WJ.S) to be reduced. — =^j» 
Ibr^, — eJi^^ to pay allowance 
to labourers, ctc\ to distri- 
bute alms. —0 cis^r^ to 

-^3i^=^ padike, .y. Wickedness, 
corruption, depravity; also 
—^^. adj. Bad, corrupt. 

^ si^'^o^ padikenti, a^". Bad, 
wicked, corrupt. 
3i^=??J9oCj^o3jpadikondaye, s. The 
name of a demon. 

!^ padi 


'>£^ pana 

t>^''J, 3J^t^ padica, padici, see 


^az5^6, sj^t3'3d=^padicare,padi- 
carake, s. A peon, attendant. 
v/sj^^ padita, s. A stripe, streak. 
2. a wale, mark of a whip, ek.^ 
as on a bullock. 
^ zi^^^ padipuni (^^-), -6'. ^.^To 
v/ learn. 2.^to plunge. 3. to 
swell, i.see ^'dh?^. sjd^-- to 
learn a lesson, exercise. 
^^ej^yj padibatlu, s. Straits, 


difficulty, trouble. 
\ft>^^^ padil^i, J^'Waste land. adj. 

Waste, barren, unfruitful,] 

fallow. 2. fallen in ruins. 
sjc^j padu, adj. Pure. 2. see 

3jT^o3o. ~-^c pure palm wine. 
sic^ocsoo padumbu, see ^ridcz^o. 
sjj^o^ padupu, see ^Ti^. 
-^^d pade, s. A multitude, mob, 

rabble. 2. an army. — ^a^ 

the general of an army. 

— fTOOso a stray dog, adus. 

— ?rj3Z3^^^ to raise an army. 

-^zfodoo^ an army to halt. 
-^ z^dot) ^B.detgi, adj. Old. -oSo^of 

a very old she-buffalo. 
5J2^^s3 padetale, ^. The helix or 

border of the ear. 
5i2lc3D§ padenali, s. Leanness. 

_=5^yo^^ to become lean, or 

45J^ls3•^53^)padepavuIli, c.v. (o/t>-d 

cxJoo^) To cause, occasion. 2. 

to inflict. rfosso- to inflict 

pain, cause sorrow. Tjoifjse 

sa- to make glad. 

J sjrl^^ padepini (3^^), v. a. To 
get, attain, acquire, obtain. 
2. to possess, have. 3. to 
beget, bear, bring forth. 

Vsjclojoo^, sjsl^c^ padeyuni, pade- 
vuni (3^^), V. n. To suffer, 
feel, experience, enjoy, zidiso— 
to suffer grief. ?jo:ij8?^— to 
enjoy pleasure. 
3Jclr33'3o3o padkanataye, see ^c^ 

r!iZi padca, s. Settlement, ar- 
rangement. 2. determination, 
disposing. 3. clearance, con- 
sumption. —O"^^ to be settled 
or disposed of. -•sSo<^o^?i to 
settle; to dispose. 

3Jd fl paddane, adj. Sloping, flat. 
JsJ^oSo, 3JC3-?o5opaddayi, paddayi, 

.y. The west. 
J sjc^o , s:!c^ padya, paddya, s. A 
spittoon, especially an earthen 

tiTi^ padta, see ^Ti>^. 
/sj^o nadpu, ^. A plain. 2ywaste 

sjd padpe, ^^^ ^ii^^. 

t^dJ^ri, sjsIj*)^^ padposi, padpoli, 
see ^zfj|^?oJ- 

oo^lo^ padyele, ^. An honorific 
title among the Jains. 

3:Jc9 pana, s. Senselessness. 

sir^^ panake, s. Pairing together 
with a rope, as cattle. 

tj^ti panaja, s. A kind of 


3Jr3 pana 


IvB pati 

JsJra^sJS^panatuka,^. The weight 
of a gold fanain. 

-isic^sj, ztmid^ panavu, panavu, 
s. A quarter rupee. 2. money 
in general. 3. wealth, riches 
in specie. 

^3jr? pani, i'-^Dew, fog, mist, snow. 
2. see ^f^. — ^aodoo^ to be 
moist. ^^^^ dew to fall. 
sJrJ^ panita, s. Praise, adj. 
Praiseworthy. —^:>^^^ to 
praise, eulogise. 

^sJrS^^ panipuni (^^\ v. a. To 
give a shape. 7/. :7^7To drizzle. 
^^- to shape a vessel. 
3ic^oi3"5)d paniyara, see 3i^odje)-d. 

Jsjfl pane, ^. The forked stem of a 
water-lift; also -^^^o^.-^^^oii. 
sjdI pane ^^'. Proper, due. adv. 
Duly. — ;^^ due weight. 

j3ifluc)0Sj panekayi, s. The fruit 
of palmyra. 
sjcl^* paneli^, ^. A kind of tree. 
sJclJSdo panoru, s. A plough- 

J 3JclJS© panoli, ^.*^A kind of pal- 
myra tree. 2. a kind of um- 
brella made of palmyra 
3Jfl panne, see 3joj?. 

sjj^^4^ panpavuni, c.v. {o/Tir^ 
^i) To cause to say, let say, in- 
Jttd^^ panpini (si^), v. a. To say, 
tell, inform, narrate, relate, 
recite. 2. to teach, instruct. 
-:^ to recite a verse, sing a 

song. 3jc55??jsL^r?i to teach, 
advise, instigate; to back- 
bite. ^o^^f^, Tjofd^ what was 
said. ziozfjsreo^ to talk to 
one's self; to address, repre- 
sent, announce. T^oES^zi^ 
^^^ to send word. 

sjrlc^ panye, see ^o?6. 

3Js* pat^, see t>^. 

tt^ pata, s. Maintenance, sup- 
port, alimony. 2. see t,T^. 
—^Ti^Tki^ to maintain. 

sjsori patanga, s. A bird; a 
winged moth. 

ti^ofi^^ patangel^, ^.^^ Harmony, 
fitness. [2. adherence, —^h^ 
to fit. 

t>:ioZd€) patanjali, s. The name 
of a celebrated teacher of the 
Yoga philosophy. 

^:i^ patana, adj. Falling, liable 
to fall. [flag. 

sJ3c)^ pataki, jt. A standard, 

3J3'3C0j patayi, s. A large chest, 

z!>6 pati, s. A husband, master, 
owner. 2. a match, equal. 
— ^^z^^jF faithfulness to a 
husband, ^t^^tj^, —-^^ a vir- 
tuous wife. ^0— husband and 

si 3 pati, .y. Similarity, equality; 
c/. ^3. —K 7jB equal to. 

3i3^ patita, adj. Fallen, over- 
thrown, defeated. 3. wicked. 

3J3i patite, s. A sinner. 2. an 
outcast, a heretic. 

3J3^ patini, see TiB^- 

:i pate 


lijs, patro 

sjlori^; patengala, see j^^o-R6. 

sJl^j^D^ patemlri^, see ^£^^j?>a. 
>^ sjs^ pattyi, nu7n. ^Ten. s. A 
nail, peg, pin, particularly 
used for a plough. 

sjsj, patta, «^^. Quite, fully, 
entirely wholly, eiOfectually ; 
at all. -eyaio^ to be quite 
dry. — d?si)4oi to boil fully. 
— £;d r^^ there is nothing at 

^^of\^^ pattangeli^, s. Tight- 
ness; cf. 7j^C-R6. 

3J^:^2§, sJ^NCJo , r;£^^ii)e2 patta- 
naje, pattanadya, pattanaji, s. 
The tenth day of the Tulu 
month Besya. 2. a feast 
celebrated at Dharmasthala. 

sj^^ pattane, ^4/*. Tenth. 

^^Q>Sd, sJ3;^oJo, 3j5;3j,0o0 patta- 
ya, pattaya, pattayi, see ^sroso. 

sJ3^ patta, ^^^ ^^• 

3Js;3jj^^, sia^s? pattavale, patta- 
11, 5-. Bribery ; c/. ^^-^c. 

^3-^^^ pattavuni, c.v. (o/^^^ 
^) To cause to join, stick, 
attach, adhere, affix. 2. to 
cause to hold, seize, catch. 

t>3'^7;i^ pattasi^, s. A kind of 
sweetmeat. 2. see si^Doao. 

t>^ patti, s. A trace. 

z^^f\ pattige, see ^^. 
vJ t>^d^^ pattuni (^i,), ^'. ^. To 
hold, catch, v, n. To adhere, 
stick, be joined, united. -R^o 
<§— to contract a habit, "^o 
6f— to turn mad. 

3j J , patte, s. A patch. 2. trace, 
discovery. 3.^^^^^^- — ei?t^^ 
to patch. 

sji^^j^o pattemari, ^. A pat- 
temar, sailing vessel with one 

t>iJ^Q'^ pattonji, mc77i. Eleven. 

^iJ^cS^^ pattonjene, adj. 

SJ|J^0 pattoli, see sisro^^^. 

3J3, patni, s. A wife. 

sj^r patya, s. Regimen, diet. 2. 
see ^Jj. adj. Suitable, agree- 
ing with, —zyh^ to suit, agree 
with. — •^o'^o^^ to observe diet. 

sjl^ patye, see ^£^. 

t>'^ patra, 5". The leaf of a tree 
or book. 2. a written bond. 
3. see ^^=#. 4. a passport. 

to execute a bond. 
3^3^23 patraji, s. Bragging, 

^3;^zS0, 3^3^^ patra vali, patra- 

li, s. A plate formed of leaves 

stitched together. 
sjj^ patri, see ^^. 
ti^'i patrike, ^. An epistle, 

letter. 2. a memorandum of 

some important event. ■s^o-dcvs_ 

a testament, will. 
sjj patre, ^\ A twig with the 

leaves on. 2. mace. 
3j|^^, sjjjs^^d patrotte, patro- 

de, ^. A kind of cake made 

of the leaves of yam or 

other pot-herbs. 


3jq^ patha 


\zjz) pada 

3jq5 patha, s. A patli, road, way. 

3jq^^ pathya, see t>^^. 
J tiZj^u^ padyir^, i\ A fold, layer, 
stratum. 2. a plait. 

sj^^D^eJ, 3ic5D"3C2^ pad^rata, pa- 
daradi^, s. Flight, retreat. siS 
u^U^zio^ to run away, de- 

3JC3*D-)C3^ pad^rad^^, ?22^w. Twelve. 
TiB-uDzi^ twelfth. 

crfn^do^ pad^runi, ^^^ x;?3-do^. 

sjci pada, i". A foot, step. 2. a 
foot-mark. 3. a word; a con- 
nected sentence. 4. a verse, 
song. ~7j£^^ to sing a song. 
^/ sJd pada, 3". Abatement, subsi- 
dence ; tranquillity, —^h^ to 
abate, as storm or rain. 

s:;rio^ padanka, ^. see x;^^. ,7^*. 

3JCoo^d padankara, ^^^. In a 
stooping posture. 2. see ^^ 
T^Ti. _=5^o^jj^ to cower, crouch, 

3JcJo2S?S padannane, s. A lazy 

3Jdoz3 padanji, see t>6c'r^. 
JsJcioSS^ padampuni (sido^), v.n. 
To become wet. 

sJd^CT padaka, j. An ornamental 
breast-plate. 2. meditation. 
3. see 33t35'. —^s'jvs^;^?) to set 
a breast-plate with precious 

3Jc:^o* padakary, s. Breadth. 
— rf ^jar}o20o a kind of concave 
umbrella made of leaves. 

sJd^g'C) padakara, adj. Dense, 

thick. adiL Densely, thickly, 

closely. — 20jsT^o?i to fall 

Jsjcjcqoq), srlrfrfo^ padanuni, pada- 

nuni (^ssf^, zici^), v. n:^ To 
^ become soft. > get wet, 

be chilly. 
^wd^, sJdfi^ padana, padanappa, 

adz'. Well, nicely. -^^s^^^^ 

to smear well. 

sjci^ojjj^ padaniyuni, see ^^' 

'^^' [man. 

sJci^oSj padaniye, s. A wealthy 

sJCjSJrfo padapadya, s. Singing; 
c/. ^d. 

sJd^^ padappu, .9. The temples. 
2. see '^^^. 
J sJdc^ padar^, s. Ambiguity, 
vagueness, adj. Ambiguous, 
vague, ^zj^i^-d an ambiguous 
statement; speaking vaguely. 

3Jdd padara, see ^55. 

sJdD-seo padaraji, see t,^^. 

sJdO padavi, s. Wealth, property,, 
possession. 2. rank, degree, 
grade. 3. road, path. 4. 
fortune, luck. 

sjcjsj. padavu, s. A plateau, table- 

sjd^ padaste, s. A moderate 

sjcysort padanga, s. A syllable. 

sin«)l3ri padatig^, see otctoISt?. 

sJCTSC^ padana, see ^^^. 

3jCto3, sjuraa padati, padadi, s, 
A foot-soldier. 



]d^ pad 


rln^s^FcS padarcane, 3". Homage 
paid by falling at one's feet. 

sJ£3^3r padarti, s. A class of 
drummers, attached to the 
service of a temple. 

3JC3"3qjF padartha, s, A thing, 
article. 2. vegetable curry, 
sauce. 3. the meaning of a 
word or sentence. 

dja padi, s. A basket. 
J.sja padi, num. Ten, esp. used 
in comp.\ as^ — ?ro^ sixteen. 
— ?n)^ fourteen. —^^^ eigh- 
teen. — ?3ef seventeen. ~t^ 
fifteen. — ^jaoeor nineteen, 
^■dojs^ thirteen. 

sjc^jsjj paduma, see ^rf^. 

sjcjjdoosj padumukha, ^. A kind 
of medicine, 
v/^dori, sicSoto padengi, padenji, 
s. Green gram, Phaseolus 
mungo. ^os)— , ^?^^, ^^~' 
;5e5— are varieties of it. 

-SjcS^ padeka, s. Collection; re- 

^de^o^ padeccili^, see ^odo^^. 

to- a _ 

sicSo padeti, 5. A midwife. 

sidsJcS padepade, see ^^S^sjd 

titih'^ padepini {^^), v, a. To 
collect, recover. 

sjd^ padepu, s. The crown of 
the head. 
j3:Jdodoj^ padeyuni (^^3), v,n. To 
sink down. 2. to become in- 

sJCj^^Jd padepade, adv. Fre- 
quently, again and again. 

sidJS©, sJcSj?)^ padoli, padoli, s. 
The principal hall of a house. 
— t^jsw^ an out-house. 

sjc^cliz^, sJcJovSr^, sjrfsB paddan- 
tige, paddantige, paddati, see 
■^Tih\ cf. 5:^35. 

,^do^ padduni p^J, ^. ^.^To 
sneak, crouch, hide, lurk.f 
2. to be afraid, perplexed, 

sJd^oSo paddeyi, s. Ornaments, 

sJdJS paddoli, see ^cSjsO. 

sjrf 3 paddhati, s. Custom, prac- 
tice, habit, rule. 

sJdJv padpu, ^. A particle, atom; 
a very small quantity. 2. a 
dot, clotted blood on the skin. 
— <^23 nothinoj at all. 

sjd padpe, ^. The common herb 
Amaranthus oleraceus. tfo^^- 
a red kind of the same. £5;s^o^— 
a white kind of the same. 

^cj^ padma, s. A lotus, Nelum- 
bium speciosum. 2. the 
Egyptian (?r Pythagorian 
bean. 3. coloured marks 
on the throat of ' a serpent 
or on the face and trunk of 
an elephant. — =^e?iQ the fila- 
ment of a lotus. — f:^^ a 
name of Vishnu. — ^da a 
ruby. — ?^s3 a weaver, ^ci^ 
^ the seed of a lotus. 

;q^ padmi 390 

loSo payi 

sja^^ padmini, ^. One of the four 

classes of females. 
sjdo padya, s. A verse, metre. 
3ji^, 3J^^"3^ pana, panapana, see 

s. Pappadam, a very thin 
kind of cake made of pulse, 
salt, efc. 

^t,^^ pappu, s. A carcass, carrion. 

Jsju pabba, see x52or. 

c^ozjd panambara, s. Amber- ^^.^jj paya, ^."^An ear of rice. 

gris. 2. boasting, making a 
mountain of a mole-hill. 
-■do<^o^?i to boast, make a 
great ado about trifles. 
Jsj^ pani, j". ^Drizzling rain. -'2. 
see 3ir5. adj. Little, small. 
3. few; c/. h^. -^^ a small 
kind of frog. -^^ a small 
umbrella. ~6ji>o7j a tempo- 
rary shed. -20?jr drizzling 
rain. — sojs-do^ to drizzle, -^c^ 
ocJoj^ to abate, as a drizzle. 
J crf^^?i panipuni (s:^^), v. n. To 
drizzle, shower. 

3J^05J'9dpaniyara, s. An offering 
to a god, eU., consisting of 
preparations of fruits and 

sif^jsdo, sjj^jsc^o, srl^js^do panu- 
ru, panoru, panoru, see Ti^jt-do. 

srf^, 3J^^o^ pane, panekutti, see 

3j?SdJScl panemade, s. A demon 

so called. 
sJc3vJ3^ panoli, ^^^ sid^^. 
3JcSj?5?0 pankori, s. A kind of 

sJc^^panni, see t>o^. 
sj?l pannfe, see t'jo^. 
^^ panpu, see 2>^^^- 
J ^t>zi, 5J3j^ pappada, pappala, 

J etc. J2. gum, resm. 3. see 
s;)odo. — e^L^ an ear of rice 
to shoot. 

JSJOJJ^O', 3iOJ02^2>% sJo:S.25e/ 
payakel^, payaceli^, payaccely, 
s. The time of shooting of 
the ears of corn. 
sJoJjrQ payana, see ^odji)r0. 

J 3:lojj3"i)o3o payataye, ^. A thriving 

3Jo;Jodo:3^3«)o3j payarand^taye, s. 

A demon so called. 
Jsjojjsj^), sioi3i)sS^ payavuni, pa- 

yavuni (^odo, siodj?)), ^'. ?2. To 

shoot, as an ear of corn. 
ti^^Tf payasy, s. Water 2. 

^3:Jo5o payi, i". An ear of corn; 

cf. ^odo. 

i -t^yih^ pay icily, s. A bag 
made of palm-leaves. 
sJoSo2>^ s:^ payiccily, ^^^ siodo^^. 


3Jo5Jt3«)c5^, rlobo'sr^cS*^ payijany, 
payinany, s. A kind of silver 

^a)«? payiriali, payinalayi, payi- 
nali, see i^ors^e. 
sJoSjIic^^^^d payitinysire, sec -t^ 

;o5o payi 


id para 

;oSoJ^^y payitota, s. A young 
garden or plantation. 
Jo^jo^ payili^, see sioSjs^^. 
;o5jo^s^j^^r^ payil^manige, see 

;o3o2Ss;^ payecel^, s. Subscrip- 
tion, contribution. 2. see ^cdo 

joSoeSs;^ payebeliji, ^^^ ^^od^. 
io3J30 payoli, ^^^ ^^o3j^^-. 
JoJo^, 3io3j^ payya, payye, ^^^ 

iojo.^ payyana, ^^. Gently, 
softly, quietly; c/. 3:;cdor-3. 
_do7^^^ to conceal quietly. 
—33^)1^0^ to put gently. 

:!o3:(^D^ payyeri^i, s. A horse. 2. 

o5j?gO payyol^, pa- 
yyoli, s. A horse. 2. riding, 
galloping. — oDcJ^4^ to gallop. 
tiC para, <2;^". Distant, remote. 
2. subsequent, after, follow- 
ing. 3. other, different. 4. 
more, exceeding. 5. before. 
-^ADTJo a strange place, fo- 
reign country. 
\!M para, adj. Old, worn out. 
-^^o^ worn out clothes. . 
3jd para, ^. Regard, respect. 
_crooc§?:Do3o a careless man 

see 33^o3q_QD. 

Id 0=^0^ parankuni, ^^<? sio^or^. 
x/sJdor^ parangi^, see t>T5o-R6. 
sjdori parangi, see ^t5o7^.. 
sidorio^ paranguni (^^oa), v, n. 
To become stale, musty; to 
decay; also t^T^oK^^^h^. 
J 6^6oA^^ parangelijL, ^. Staleness, 
decay, adj. Stale, decayed, 
decrepit. Tjxio-R^ a decrepit 
sjdo2^o?i parancuni, see ^tSoe^o^. 

VsJdo-s;!?^, sJdo2§2;^ parancena, pa- 
rancel^, s. Prattling. 2. 
grumbling, murmuring. 

dc^§d parancele, ^. A prattler, 
babbler. 2. a grumbler. 

idoZo paranji, ^^^ si^osB. 

ldo2§JSo^«B paranjyoti, s. The 
Supreme Being, Light of 
x/sidcb^ paranti^, s. A bull frog. 

idoy paranta, s. Murmuring, 
grumbling, -^^"do?) to grum- 
ble, talk nonsense. 

jdoeis?^, sjdo^^ri parantal^, pa- 
rantalige, s. A kind of creeper. 

jdo^o^ para^tuni (^doO), v. a. 
To gripe, grasp, seize, lay 
hold of. ! 2. see ^T^oeio^. 
Vrldo^ parante, ^. An old buffalo. 

pect. — 3rf&3g^ to lose respect. 
—■^■d^^ be careless, regard- 
less. ^■sSj's^j^?) to regard, give 
attention. ^^, cdo;) ^d r^3i^, 
have you no regard? do you 
not care? 

^^^ to have regard or res- ^^Jdo^^ parantele, s. A prattler, 

^djdoc^ paranda, s. Murmuring, 

dodj^ paranduni, see ^d-rfj^. 
do^p^^vi parandhama, s. Vish- 
nu's paradise. 

3Jd para 


Id para 

sjdosjdparampare,^. Succession; 
race, lineage, descent, adj. 
Successive, proceeding from 
one to another, hereditary. 
Jsjdozoj^ parambuni, see i^^'^^^t^. 

sJds^ parak\;i, see ^i^^. 

sjrfx^^^ parakati^, see -^^^tV^^ 

sjd=a^, 3Jdx5-3^parakale,parakali, 
s, A long cloth. 

sJd=5=«)o;^o parakaya, s. Another 
body, —^^e^ transmigration. 
s/sid^ paraki, see ^^r. 
-^sjd^ parake, ^.-JA vow made in 
troiible; beseeching. ( 2. see 
:jjto^. — ^rd^^ to vow, make a 
vow. —s:^T^o^,_^j3br^ to fulfil 
a vow. — ?jotTO4^ to do a 
vy- ork carelessly. ?joc1:^ a vow 
to be fulfilled. 

:sjd=^)^parakei, s. Depositing with 
another, as the stake of a 
wager, -^wo^^ to deposit in 
this way. 

3Jur(oJ paragante, see ^s'rO^. 

^0ri3 paragati, s. Future des- 

sjd:^?^ parajana, s. Strangers. 

3Jd239^ parajata, adj. Adopted, 
fostered by a stranger. 

3Jd23e)3 parajati, s. A foreign 
tribe or caste. 

3id23 paraji, ^^^ si^So^. 

^da paradi, see si^JjaS. 

sjddo^ paraduni (xIt^S), v,n.k.a. 
^"^ JTo grope. ^2. to spread. 

sJdd^i paradele, j. One who 

gropes about. 2. a lazy man, 


JsJds^ parallel, <3!^". Old, worn 
out. — e?b^ to become old. 
sJd^o^ paratantra, <3;^'. Depend- 
ent, obedient, subservient. 

J3Jd:^do^, sJd^odo^ parataruni, 
paraturuni (^^^^, ^tji^jS),^./^. 
To spread, extend, diffuse. 
2. to creep, as an ant, etc. 
sJdvB parati, see ^Sr. 

sjda, sjdd paradi, parade, .y. A 
curtain, blind, screen. —^ 
yo^^, _s:^T^o^ to put up a 

sjdd^di paradevate, s. A fo- 
reign deity. 

sddd^a^ paradesa, s. A foreign 

^Od^^ paradesi, s. A foreigner. 

2. a vagrant, vagabond. 
3Jdd?o^ paradeis^, s. Paradise. 

sJd^'sO paranari, s. Another's 

sJdc^od paraninde, ^. Abusing 

3Jd^^D* paranlry, s. lit. Old 

water. 2. flowing water. 3. a 

perennial fountain. 4. water 

stored the preceding day. 
3Jd3Jo2^ parapanca, see ^^oei. 
3Jd3:5=^ parapasha, s. Partiality. 

—■do^o^^ to show partiality, 

be biased. 
JsJdsJd parapara, s. The noise of 

rending cloth. 

Id para 


Id para 

^ sjd^ parapu, ^. A sand bed. -^adj. 

^ flowing, running. 

-isjd^^ parapuni (^^), v, nAl^ 

vi flow, as water. 2r^to creep, 
crawl on hands and legs. J 3. 
to spread, as a creeper. 
sJde^-sD parabari, s. Assignment. 
adv. Separately. 2. indi- 
rectly. — oro^"do^ to speak in- 
directly, —t^^h^ to avoid, 
as a place in a journey, and 
go another way. --^s^o^?) to 
transfer, deliver over to an- 
?Jdzoo parabu, s. An old woman. 
^dz3 parabe, s. An old man. 

-^^T^-^, parabrahma, s. The Su- 
preme Being. 

'tit'^^i parama, adj. Best, most 
excellent. 2. principal, chief, 
supreme. — a§ a blessed con- 
dition, salvation. ^Xor® an 
excellent disposition. —7\c>Ti:i 
a supreme, religious guide. 
^i:^je>^7(^ —^A. a very wicked 
man. ~^^^ superior under- 
standing. — xirf-s heavenly 

sjddooc^^ paramandala, s. Hea- 
ven, the sky. 

sjddo;^ paramata, s. A strange 
religion. 2. another's inten- 

^d5:iJe)o^, 3Jddji)odo-(dparamanna, 
paramayana, s. Eice or wheat 
boiled in milk with sugar, eU. 

t)^^5^i> paramatme, s. The Su- 
preme Being. 

3Jds^j?)?dod paramananda, >y. Great 
happiness, heavenly bliss. 

^dd3^^ paramapte, ^. A best 
friend, intimate friend. 

sJd^sTc^qJr paramartha, s. Chief 
object ^r intention. 2. truth, 

sjds^JS^F paramarthi, s. A truth- 
full, honest man. 

sid^JscpF paramarthe, s. God. 

3Jd^j?)ro^ paramasi^, adj. Best, 

sJddJSro paramasi, s. Command, 
mandate, order; will, plea- 
Jsjd^o parame, s. A clever man. 

2. a cunning, tricky fellow. 
3Jds5o^6 paramssvare, s. The 

Supreme Lord. 2. a name 

of Siva. 
3Jd^o^<5^i, parameshti, s. The 

Creator. 2. a name of Brahma. 
3:Jdo3j par aye, see ^e;oSo. 

sidoD^o pararajya, s. A foreign 

^de:^ parali^, see ^-^6. 
sJddJ3^=^ paraloka, s. The next 

world, heaven. 
JsJds:^ parava, s. Concern, care, 

regard, respect; c/. ^^r. 
sjdsjoe:^ paravanca, see ^^oei. 
sjds^dd paravadave, i-. Another's 

property or thing. 
3Jd3J2> paravasa, s. Subservi- , 

ence, dependence. 2. ecstacy. 

3. absence of mind. 
3Jds3-s?^ paravasa, s. Residence 

in a foreign land, exile. 

3Jd para 


^Ui) para 

3JrfO paravi, see t>T52;^o. 
4 sJd53 parave, s. A man belong- 
ing to a low class of devil- 

sJdsS^^ paravesha, s. Persona- 
tion. 2. see ^^e^. 

sjdsij parasu, s. A hatchet, an 
axe. 2. the philosopher's 
stone: also ^"^"^^^^ . — -ro^othe 
sixth incarnation of Vishnu, 
who is said to have peopled 
the coast of Malabar. 

ood^ parase, s. Pilgrims going 
to or assembled at any sa- 
cred place or festival of an 
i^:i^^ paras^, s. Benediction. 

sJd;^s)qj^ parasadhaka, ^. Means 
of obtaining heaven. 

sJd?o parase, s. The perforations 
of a small machine for mak- 
ing a kind of vermicelli (€? 
■s^osjrf S9i5), 2. see ^id^. 

3Jd;^^^ paraseve, s. Serving 

sjd^s;^ parasthala, s. A strange 
place, foreign country. 

t,c\^ parastri, s. The wife of 

3Jd;^C paraspara, adj. Mutual, 
reciprocal, -^^^i mutual ha- 
tred. -;5^e^ mutual friend- 

3Jd;^ parasva, s. Another's pro- 

sJw?j^9^f^ parasvadhina, see ^ 

^^?^- [tion. 

ojdooorS parahims^, j. Persecu- 

Mh'i parahita, s. Kindness to 
strangers, benevolence. 

3Jd^J3^ paraloppa, adv. Wholly, 
totally, fully. 

sJD^ para, pre/, implying Su- 
premacy. 2. liberation. 3. 
invested order. 4. pride. 
5. excess. 6. encounter. 7. 
overcoming. 8. going. 9. 

sjddo2Cj,sj parannmukha, s. An 
averted face. 

sJC"9or^ paranna s. Living on 
others; food supplied by 
^^sJD'SosoD'^ parambarike, ^r Care, 
protection.\ 2. enquiry, in- 
i sJDe)o2oa^)^ parambaripuni {t^u^io 
20&), z'. (3;. 'To take care of, 
watch over, nurse.) 2. to in- 
vestigate, consider. 

ooDft)^ parak^, see sroj^. 

sJOe)=^ parake, intj. Attention! 
2. calling attention while ad- 
dressing a superior. 

sjo^^^ parakrama, s. Power, 
valour. 2. exertion. — crooSo, 
—■^€> a powerful man, hero. 

3JDc)SJ3^ parakhaty, see ^t^ssd^. 

siJoD^iOJo parajaya, s. Conquest, 

3JDc)rc)o,SJ, paranmukha, see -t^-u^o 

830. £0. 

tjxy^tt paratpare, J. The Su- 
preme Being, God. 

3JDe)§^?^paradhma, s. Possession 
by another, alienation, adj. 

t,DD para 


sjS pari 

Dependant on, subject to 
another. — ■^'^ok^^ to alienate, 
as property. 

^D?^paranna, see ^too?j. 

^DDSJdd^^jOj, paraparavastu, see 

sJDDcdd parabhava, s. The forti- 
eth year of the Hindu cycle 
of sixty. 2. discomfiture. 
3. destruction. 

sricsEoD parabari, see liT^zn^t). 

6iDD^:>t)=§, ^QDd^^F paramarl- 
ke, paramarsa, see ^osoeos^. 

^DD05o parayi, adj. Strange, 
foreign. —^^^ foreign people. 
^^?jo^ another's things. 

s^ddQ parari, see ^tJsS. 

sJD^q^r parartba, s. The property 
of another. 2. another mean- 
ing, adv. On account of an- 

sJD^^oJo parasraya, s. Taking 
refuge with another. 

SJD pari, s. A path, way. 2-^an 
^ opening, gap j a vacant space. 
■dxi-RBzi- a rabbit's path. — =5^ 
«^^, -^07^4?^ to repair, as a 
gap in a hedge, —^j^h^ to seek 
a way; to track the path. 
—tj^o^^ to go one's way; to 
escape. —^jstI)^ to plant again 
where the previous plants 
have perished; to repair a 
hedge, —-dd^^^ to take care. 
_Ti3o;^^, .-Tljo&cdoo^ a path 
to be out of repair. 
3JD pari, pre/, implying Ubi- 

quity. 2. part, portion. 3. 
abandonment. 4. end, term- 
5. sickness, infirmity. 6. 
stress. 7. separateness, dis- 
tribution. 8. encircling. 9. 
depreciation, exposure of 
faults. 10. respect. 11. re- 
jection, turning off or away. 
12. ornament. 13. diff'usion. 
14. sign. 15. sorrow. 16. 
cessation; impediment. 17. 
truth. 18. an exclamation of 
pleasure or satisfaction. 

siQc-o-rl^ parinkigadde, s. The 
Telinga potato. Arum cam- 

sJSo=^o^ parinkuni, see lio'^oF^. 

^DoriJS^ paringotte, see j^c-Rj^riS^. 

tfOWi)^ parikale, see ^-d^^. 

sdO^ pariki, see ^-^f. 

3J0=^ parike, see siTJ^. 2. see 

sJ0S3?gvl parikhyati, see ^sjt^^B. 
djcri pariga, s. An iron club. 

2^ J paricaya, paricarya, parici- 
ti, paricite, s. Acquaintance, 
knowledge; intimacy. 

3JDt5"9C^ paricarake, s. An at- 
tendant, servant. 

S3S^ed?5 ■paricchedane, ^. Divi- 
sion, section, as of a book. 
2. circumcision. 

sJ02i?^ parijana, s. Dependence. 
2. retinue. 

sJ02o>B, sjOzE parijiti, parije, see 

3:JD pari 


sJD pari 

3::10d3«)SJo, sJOfS^sJo parinama, pa- 
rinema, see 3jf3^F^o. 

sJOs^r r( parityag^a, s. Separation, 

sJDsp^O paridhavi, s. The forty- 
sixth year of the Hindu cycle 
of sixty. 

5JO^'95Jo parinama, see s^ndf^j. 

sJDsJ^ paripaksha, see ^i^^^. 

sJDs^D paripari, adj. Diverse, 

sJOsj"^^;^ paripalane, s. Protec- 
tion, care, fostering. 
7sJOo^^ paripuni (^Q), ^. ^. To 
tear, rend. 

sJO^rar paripiirna, ^^*. Com- 
plete, full. 

SJDS^^F paripiirti, s. Fulness, 
completion, satisfaction. 

sclDzjoq^ paribandha, s. Eelation- 
ship. — crooSo a kinsman. 

sJD^si) paribhrame, s. Turning 
round, flurry. 

sJD^o^ parimala, s. Fragrance, 
perfume, —-^tj^ perfumery. 
— ^)eS^ fragrant water. 

sJOrfje^rs parimana, s. Measure, 
amount, quantity. 

3J0^j^S^ parimal^, s. An honori- 
fic title amongst Bants. 

SJO^^ parimita, adj. Measured, 
meted, s. Estimate, value. 

ojOs^jorS parimunci, s. Country 

3j055ooa parimudi, s. Perishing. 
\t> DOJo pariya, adj. PI enty, exceed- 
ing, much. 

iDoJJo^dpariyantara, adv. Till, 

iSoi35eJNpariyatane,^. Wander- 
ing, roaming; revolution. 
— ■s^o'K^o^?) to wander, roam; to 

iSo:3o'30Jj pariyaya, s. Order, 
arrangement, succession. 2. 
opportunity, occasion. 3. a 
grand festival once in two 
years at Udipi, celebrating 
the occasion of a Svami's 
succession to the management 
of Krishna's temple there. 
^srlDoJoo^ pariyuni (^a), v. n.^o 
-J run, flow. ^. to rend. 

3JOo3j?)^o pariyolu, s. A kind of 

sJDss'sci parivara, s. Followers, 
retinue; army. 

sJOs^oc^ parisuddha, adj. Sacred, 
holy, pure. — c3^o3o, —Tio^, 
739^0^ a holy man. -■rfo^o^^^ to 

3;i02^jC3-3 i^parisudhatme, s. The 
Holy' Ghost, Holy Spirit. 

3JD^ parise, see -^?3. 

3JQ^J3^qiN parisodhane, s. Ex- 
amination, investigation. 2. 
temptation. — i^i^s^^o^^i, sj&^jaep 
^^ to investigate; to tempt. 

3JD25 s^o parisrama, s. Fatigue, 
difficulty, exhaustion. 2. 
practice, exercise. 

oJOrTc)?^ parisana, s. Death. 

3JD3o033)^ pariharipuni (si&s^O), 
V. a. To forgive, absolve, 
pardon. 2. to clear, as a debt. 

3^0 pari 


;^ pare 

^DooDrf parihara, s. Removal. 
2. healing, relief. 3. absolu- 
tion, pardon. — -d^^o^^i to 
heal, relieve ; to pardon, ab- 
solve; to propitiate, as an 
evil spirit, eU. 

5iDo5s)?s), 3JSSo'i)?oo parihasa, pa- 
rihasya, s. Jeer, mocking, 
raillery, sport. — ■do'y^o.^ to 
jeer; to sport. 

sJOQOdj pariya, see siSodo. 

.5JD^=^ parikshe, s. Trial, experi- 
ment, investigation, exami- 
nation, test, discrimination. 
^crooSo, iit)o^'§ an experi- 
menter; examiner; a tempter. 
— ^jsb^, —-^^jv^, 3j&e^?i^^i to 
examine, test, try. 
-J si do paru, s. The teeth, as of 
a beast, saw, file, e^c. — =3^r6 
a tooth-pick. — sszS^oi to set 
teeth on edge. — eA)rfji^j^, 
— ?^:2a^^ the teeth to fall out. 
— CA)sioF^ to file the teeth of 
a saw. —'^'Sb^, — ^cSoiDOo) to 
gnash the teeth. —zj^rk>^ to 
furnish a saw, ^/^., with 
teeth. —z^hF^ to teeth. 

^^0=3^3^ parukatti, see s:^^^^. 

5:Jdo=3^o paruku, see si^r. 

scJdos^ paruva, ^^^ ^^?^. 

sfsjdo^ej^ paruveli^, j. Food, meal, 

as of a Pariah. 2. see ^-do-^^. 

3JdJ2^, ^djs^o parusa, parusu, see 

JsJd pare, s. ^A cataract ^r 
web on the eye. 2. see sd-!?. 

iJ6oA pareng-i, ^. A Frank or 
Portuguese. 2. an Euro- 
pean, adj. European; foreign. 
—^(L-^fDOSo ananas, pine-apple. 
-•door5^ Spanish pepper. Capsi- 
cum ajtniLuni. —^j^^X syphi- 
lis. AoO— , ij^2S_, ^o3j_, ^y_ 
are some of the different 
kinds of venereal diseases. 

rfdoT^sS parengele,^. A syphilitic 
man. 2. see 7i-3c-36. 

cJdoz^rs), scJ^o^ic)^ parencana, pa- 
rencata, i". Prattle. 2. twaddle. 
Jt>6o'^d^ parencuni (^^oeS"), z'.7z. 
To prate, prattle. 2. to find 
fault with, censure. 
sJ6o2;§d parencele, s. A prattler, 
tattler. 2. one given to fault- 
3jdo23, sJdSo parenji, pareji, s. A 
scaffold, temporary platform. 
— ^uo^^ to erect a scaffold. 
sisJde^^ pareli^, s. A grain of sand, 
grit, gravel; a bit of glass, 
eU, 2. a grain of corn, eU. 
— ^^ a pebble. tS^^- small 
shot, -^if^'i a washerman- 
barber of low class. 
sjd^o^i pareluni, see t^^of^. 
Jt>66o^ pareldenne, s. Castor oil. 
j6s?^ parel^, see -^-^6. 
Jd^e3, z!>6^u:> pareji, pareju, adj. 
Equal, corresponding with; 
c/. 7i-6oc^. 
Jt>6^t parete, s. Crawling on 
hands and feet. 
td^i parese, see ^T?e^. 


!dJ3 paro 


sj^r parpu 

sJdJS^ parodi, s. Dissimulation, 
hypocrisy. 2. skill, craft, 
scheme. — a^t? a hypocrite. 
-■djs;<o^^ to simulate, pretend ; 
to play tricks. 

3j6js^di©i?)d paropakara, s. Kind- 
ness to strangers, benevo- 
lence. 3iT3js?3i?Fsa a philanthro- 

s^D^oSo parraye, ^\ A stranger, 


Jsj^^r, sj^r^^, sj^r^, sj^r^ 

parki^, parkatti^, parkate, parkat- 

te, adj. Old, worn out, ragged. 

3J^rcs^, sj^s'rcl parkadiji, parkade, 
adj. Grinding or gnashing of 
teeth, -^tip ^ to grind or 
gnash teeth, 
xf^^ri^, ^3^F^ parkadi, parkaddi, 
s. A tooth-pick. 

zit'^F^, ^"^Fi^ parkatti, parkat- 
te, s. A scythe, sickle. 

-^vDF^^ parkavuni (^?n)r), 7J.a. 
To draw in, call in. 2. to 
confiscate. 3. c. v. of jj'^o^^. 
JsJ^F, ^^^FT^j^ sj^ro^ parkijpar- 
kisyi, parkel^, adj. Destitute, 
>/sJ=^OF^ parkunl, see ;rfo=^or^. 

3J^ parke, j^^ ^^tj??. 
AoJ^r parke, s. Bedding. 2. sleep, 
rest. —^^ the mat under a 
bed, elc. 

3j=^jsr^, sJ=^JSr^parkote, par- 
kott^, see ^^^yj. 

3J=^JSrcloJJ0^ parkodeyuni (j^^j^f 
<5), ^'. «. To grin, gnash. 

sjr<rfl pargan6, ^^^ ^^f. 

sje^rodo^, sJzSri parcarya, par- 
cita, see ^&dajo. 

sJz^F parji, see t^^o^. 

sirar parna, 3"^^ "^^f. 
JsiSr parti, ^. Cotton, Gossypium 

tiiiF parte, j". Sharpness, edge. 
adj. Sharp, quick, keen. — "sl) 
^^^^ to whet, sharpen. 
^"^iiF .^ sjIfo^ parte, partel^, s. 
A rent, tear, as in clothes, 
etc. adj. Torn, tattered, old. 
JtitF^ partele, s. A man in rags. 

sJrfFvl^ pardatti, see ^j^rS^. 

3:1 a F pardi, see t^o. 

sjSf, sjcSf pardi, parde, see ^tjo. 

sid^F^ pardesi, see t;^^^^. 

sJ^F parna, ^. A leaf. 2. a feather. 

3j^F25"3s3 parnasale, s. A hut 
made of leaves, hermitage. 
2. a booth. 3. a bower. 
3J^^F5:jj parnama, s. Health, 
welfare. 2. prosperity, adj'. 
Thriving, prosperous. 
'>^3J53«)Fy parpata, s. Drinking. 
3J53c)Fei=a parpataka, s. The shrub 

Mullugo cermana. 
/3J;3c)Fs5^ parpavuni, c. v. {of t> 
l)?^ or ■tj^'F^^A'Y.o cause to 
J drink. >/2. to have pulled out, 

cause to pluck or pull. 
U^obF^ parpini (s^^), -v. a. To 
drink, sip. 2. to take food, 
as a Pariah. 
i^F parpu, see ^t^^. 
J3J^F^ parpuni (^S), 7'. a. To 



\dd pala 

pluck, pull out, as roots, 
grass, eU.; cf. ■^^'^^. 
v/sJsSr^ parpele, .9. A drunkard. 
"itji^T parba, s. A festival, feast, 

3:!eT?)r^^ parbavuni, c v. [of ^ 
z^c^T^) To cause to spread, 
extend, diffuse. 

^wor parbu, see ^^o. 
Jsi20or^ parbuni (^^^r), v.n. To 
spread, multiply, diffuse; to 

ti^^T'^ parmana, see ^tj^j^o?^. 

SJ^JFD parmari, see ^^r&. 

srlsjj^r^^ parmani^, ^9. A pole at- 
tached to a boat's sail. 

sJsJ35F?j^ parmas^, ^^^ rin^^j*)^. 

s:-5^jsrs?parmale, s. The name of 
a hill. 

sJoioF parya, ^^^ ^Oodo. 

sJo^sJF^cl paryatane, ^^^ ^aodj?) 

sJcdj'SFO^^o paryaya, ^^^ 3:5&odj3odj. 

^JoJJOF^ paryuni, see ^bodoo^. 

sJs^OF^ parluni (-^"), '^'. ^2. To 

be washed, as a dam or re- 

\/ servoir. z'.^: To cut sharply, 

as a knife. 
v/^dF parva, ^. Awe, fear, rever- 
ence, respect, regard; cf. ^"rf. 

sJdF parva, s. A knot, joint of a 
cane. 2. a name given to 
certain days in the lunar 
month, as the full and change 
of the moon. 3. division of 
a year, as the equinox, sol- 
stice, etc\ cf. zieor. 4. a 

section, division, chapter. 5. 
stage or degree of ripeness 
in fruits. —^2^ a holy day. 

sJs^Fod parvanda, adf. Honor- 
ary. — 3rfg^c§ a robe of honor. 

ti'^'Ft parvata, s. A mountain, 

3J^FO^, sj^fC) parvely, parveli, 
s. A feast or meal among 
Pariahs. 2. ^^^ ^5o3j3s;^o. 

3J^F parse, see ^"d^. 

sj^f^ parleppu, see ^t^s^js^. 

3J^ pala, see -4^. 

^^0"^^ palankena, adiJ. Early. 

2. see ^r®^. 
sJooA^ palan^y, see 7i^c7(. 

sJs^osod palambara, s. Fulness. 
2. see 3:i?^c20-d. 

3j^o2odo^ palambaruni (^ejoeo^), 
V. n. To be full. 2. .y^^ 3^or©o 

j3Js;o200Qi palambuni (3:i<yo^), ^. ^. 

To lament. 
rf^eio^ palatuni (^e;l3), v.n. To 

be altered, changed. 
l)s;^ palapu, ^. A boundary, 

JaJe;o5o palayi, ^. A plank, board. 

— sra^ the Indian cod. 
scJ^oSopalaye, s. An elder brother. 
ti^"^ palavu, see ^c^d^. 
6t>^i>'^ palana, see ^^j^'§>. 

3Js:"e)OJ0cd palayana, s. Flight, 
retreat. ^■^:i^:i^^ to retreat, 
JsrJo-so^j palayi, see si e; 050. 



1^ pava 

3:Je:c)o3j palaye, see ^e?o3o. 

3JOe)d palara, see ^^li. 

^^D^ palasa, s. The tree Butea 

3J0 pali, s. An elder sister. 

3J0 pali, see ^&. 2. see ^^. 
>i3iS=^ palike, ^. A valley, decli- 
vity. 2. a pond, ditch. 

3J©^ palita, see :^e3^. 

3J®^, crf®^ palita, palipu, s. 
Effect, virtue, efficacy, as of 
a hand, medicine, etc, 2. 
durability, survivance 

3J0^^ palipuni, see ^e5^^. 
-^3J^ palu, 5.4tipening, as of fruit. 
2. see 3ie5^. <^^".4lalf ripe. 

3J«3 pale, ^^^ 3ie;o3o. 
>/3Cle^j,^ palkuni (^^a), ^. ^. To 
be very soft, as an over- 
ripe fruit. 2. to be pliant, 

3J^ ^ palgsedi, see ^^Jj^,. 

sjsii^i^ palgedi, ^. A base, mean 

^0 paldi, see 3rfO. 
t^^j^Tf palniryi, see ^o^^^. 
t,o^ pall^, see ^e^o^. 
3J^ palla, s. A small enclosure 


of wicker work for keeping 
cooked food during an enter- 
-j tainraent. 2. see ^^. 

si^orl pallang^a, s. A canopy 
over a couch or bedstead. 

^t>-S- pallaki, s. si^c-S-. 

sj^y pallata, adj. Overwhelmed. 
2. altered. 3. misplaced. -^ 

Jd)^ to be altered. ^-^^^^ to 
sje;^ pallana, s. Rags. 2. patch- 
work of a garment. — stodd^^^ 
to wear patched garments. 
JsJe^o^j pallayi, s. An earthen 
i^ ;^ pallava, ^. A sprout, shoot. 
■IsJOe) palla, J. A port. 2.'^see 


iD-^do^ palladuni (^^^), ^.^^ 
To be unsteady. 
>jsj£) palli, ^. A house lizard. 
2. a fork. 3. a rake. —t>^^^ 
to grasp one's hands in a 
children's game. 

Sjsjj pallu, ^^^'. Stupid, simple. 
2. timid, spiritless, wanting 
boldness; c/. £i^. 3. J^^ 
^Q£)o. — ^oc<o^a mad ^^^^ howl- 
ing jackal. —^-d-^j?>^ a weak 
fellow; a stupid man. 
J^S palle, ^.^he spleen. 2. the 
large bean of Entada mona- 
stachya\ also — Tfsoao. -^-dc^ 
c^ the knee-cap. — rf ^^^iwa 
a bundle of the said beans. 
— 20ja-do the creeper of Ejitada 
monastachia. —7^200^?) to play 
with Entada seeds. 

3Js3c-3- pallenki, s. A palankeen. 


3Js3^dJ3^/1 pallekkiroga, s. 

sjsj^^ pavani^, J. A gold coin 

equal to twenty shillings. 
3Jd^ pavana, s. A sieve, strainer, 
sjsjfi, 3J^j:^J7)f^ pavana, pavama- 

na, s. Air, wind. 

\^ pava 



^zizjv, sid^ pavala, pavala, see 

t>^i pavitra, adj. Clean, pure, 
purified, s. Sacrificial (or 
kusa) grass, Poa cynosuroi- 
des. 2. a ring of kusa grass 
put on the fourth finger by 
a Brahman while performing 
a ceremony. 

3^5^02^ pavunci, s. A bracelet of 
gold beads. 

sJsgotS pavunji, s. The Dasara 

^sSot3Ae)6 pavunjigare, s. A fop, 
dandiprat; a vain 6?;- proud 

^sgtB pavuji, ^^^ ^^^. 

s:!^^^ pavoli, ^^^ sjd^/ss?. 

-^i)tji pasapasa, see ■t^'d-t^-d. 

-SJsJo pasu, ^. An animal in 
general. 2. a beast. 3. horned 
J^i^ pase, see ^^. 

^3e)3c)si, ^3D3^si pascatapa, 
pascattapa, i-. Contrition, re- 
pentance, remorse, sorrow. 

sJ?jo^,sJ?^orfj pasantra, pasandra, 
s. Vicinity, neighbourhood. 


— -sSo^j^^ to repent. 
^3j?^o23, ^?^oe3pas^mbe,pasambe, 
s. A sack or bag made of 
3J?oorlD pasangari, ^. A kind of 

^ ^1^03^, s:i?ooC3^ pasant^, pasandiji, 
adj. Comely, handsome, well, 
pleasing, nice. 




3J?gOoJoo^:i pasariyuni, see ^;6do^. 

sJ?:io^ pasal^, s. The share of a 

sj?^© pasali, ^^^ v=^«5- 

oJrj^^ pasadi, ^^^ s^?3sa. 

ti7^i^i:f pasad^, s. Transpiring, 
becoming public. 

3:5rTe)Q^ pasar^, see t,7i^. 

sJ?jc)D pasari, s. A druggist. 

sjro pasi, ^. A boy. 2. a child. 
-/,-^'ko^ti pasinkara, ^.^Dampness, 
J wetness. 2.v5^ielding, softness. 

sjroriei, sJ^T^^ pasi^etti, pasiget- 
te, see -^A^^.. 

sj?:j0 pasu, see ^^. 
J z!>^ pase, j.^/Moisture, wetness, 
dampness. 2. greasiness, 
oiliness. 3. essence, sub- 
stance, strength. ^eSrf— 
dampness. ^o3d^~ greasi- 
ness of ghee. 4^^*^— the 
strength of tobacco. 

2. pity, compassion, -e?^^ /^j^ . ,^^^. 

to be penitent. ~3drs^r©o^, m . i i-«. j 

^. To extend, dinuse, spread. 

7^. paskijL, s. Collection, fee. 

-:;^^:>^^ to collect a fee. 
3J;^ei, sj^ei paskatti, pasketti, 

s. Turf, sod, sward, removed 

from the earth for covering 

a wall, etc.^ with it. 
3Jro'9,D^ paskar^, see t^i^ri. 
sJrN), paski, ^. Punishing a boy 

t>?<id. pasku 


^Dor\ pangi 

by making him to stand and 
sit alternately with both 
ears seized by his fingers 

^^^£o paskutta, s. Sickliness. 
— ctooSj a sickly man, invalid. 

^A^ paskedi, see ^^^^.. 

"O" * I 

I sj?j0, paspu, «^". Clear. 2Twet; 
c/. ^?6. 3. see ^:^^. 

Sj^C' passari;, .s-. Clipping, cut- 
ting asunder. 2. killing, mur- 

si^j ^ passuni, see t^^^o^. 

3j^o^*', sJ'^o/T^ palank^, palang^, 
see 7jQ ca. 

3j^o=5rf palankena, see ^£Jo=#e^. 

siJ^OvBt^ palantige, s. Declivity. 

z^^dio paladya, s. Sauce or pep- 
per-water with or without 

^'^^^ palapala, s. The rippling 
noise of water. adv.^ see 

3J^e)?S palane, see ^e^s^. 

it^ pali, s. A long rice-field. 2. 

see ^s3. 
3j^# palike, .y^^ ^e5^. 
JsJ^o'??^^ palenkuni (^^o^), 7'. «. 

To upset, overturn. 
J^^xV^ palkuni, see s^e^^^,^. 
J sjc' palla, ^. A shallow stream, 
pond, ditch. 2. a hollow, low 
spot. 3. a hole, pit. -TJoaiJSi 
to roll in a pond; to fill up 
a hollow. 
Jsj^ palli, s. A mosque. 2. see 



SJ°^A pallu, see t'j^^. 

sj|^ palle, .y.'^ ^^. 
-i3J|^F^ pallena, ^.^Light, shine. 
2. .s-6^^ ^^r^s^- -^^^^ to become 
light; to shine. 

sj^s' paksha, s. The dark (9^' 
bright half of the lunar 
month. 2. a side, flank. 3. a 
party. 4. partiality. 5. an 

. argument; a position ad- 
vanced or to be maintained. 
— TOo3o a partisan, adherent. 
— sjd;^, T'j-d— partiality. —zjdB 
a partial person. ~-ud4, — sro^ 
paralysis. — s^s^crooSo a para- 
lytic. '^^— the dark lunar 
fortnight. ^^%f~ the bright 
lunar fortnight. ^i^^Xo^e^^, 
^^>g^Ao €?uo^ to take a side. 

oj^s's^c)^, 3:;=3^ 53c)OJjo pakshavata, 
pakshaviyu, ^. Paralysis. 

siu^ oad pakshantara, s. Another 
side or part. 2. the opinion 
of a party. 

sJ^S- pakshi, see ^-S-,. 

3J^53e)2;^ pakshival^, .y^^ ^tx'^ 

o3o under ^^. 
ss'^o^e^ pank^, j. A kind of 

musical instrument. 
53"3o=?^ panka, ^t'^ ^c^. 
Y?3^oriv^ pang^ala, ^. A portion, 

share. — jsds'o^ to divide; to 


cQDch^N, o5c)Ond?i, o3c)OriC3j)c^ 

pang^itana, pangidana, pangida- 
na,^. Scorn, mockery, jeering, 

33-30 A pangi 


Sjj)=a paka 


53e)oAoiJ-5)4c^ pangiyavuni, c. v. 
(<?/'s:Dc?.cdoos)) To despise, jeer, 

S3-3oAo:^jo^, S3a)orl0o^ pangiyuni, 
pangyuni {j:^'::'^^, z'. n. To be 
despised, jeered, mocked. 

53r)or\^^;pangila, adj. Precious. 

Sj-^orij pangu, s. Sickness. 2. a 
share. sYproportion. 

S3^ct5"3dD^ pancaler^, see 3:3c£jds?5. 

53e)oz^ panja, adj. Oblique, slop- 

^^ctid, ^ 4)0233 d parijara, panja- 
ra,^. A den, cave, cavern.- 2. 
a cage. 
n/ 551)0^, 53 s) olio pant^, pantu, s. 
Fatigue, weariness. — ^s'yo^oi 
to get wearj. 

S3'Soe3 pante,^. A spool. fman. 

^"30^ pante, s. A stiff, stunted 

^T^o^v pautela, s. Stiffness; 

^"Sod panda, see sjdcS. 

^Dozi:5 pandara, s. Pale or 
yellowish white. 

SJ«)o:^d^-^ o5j pandava bajjei, s. 
A large kind of areca nut. 

53^od^, sj3o3^s3pandavu,panda- 
ve, s. A pigeon, dove. 

53c)o^dD^ pandavery, s. The five 
Pandu princes. 

53s)c^ pandi, s. A country in 
the south of India, compre- 
hending part of the modern 
Tamil provinces. — ^oi^o, 
—•^zctciio a male's garment 
manufactured there. — -do-d, 
see sj^ccj^. 

|V33'soao^, o35)c(l^^ pandilij, pan- 
del^, s. A kind of tree; c/. 
aroosSo^. _^2!) large ears. 

oS'Sodo pandu, ^. The father of 
the five Pandu princes and 
sovereign of ancient Delhi. 
adj. Pale, yellowish white, 
piebald. —L^^ liver complaint. 
—^ji^A the white leprosy. 

53Do^o pandya, see zjtcLi,. 

o3'e)orld pannere, see 53Dt|^T5 under 

53e)o^ panta, adj. Linear, regu- 
lar, methodical. 
ss'^oso^ pantuni {^o^^ v. n. To 
be eager, impatient. 2. to 
vie, compete. 5roo§s:^c§5 
eagerly, ardently. s3Dogs3^oi 
5 T^^a to purchase eagerly. 
Vs3c)oi pante, .y. A butterfly. 
y53c)oc^sJ, ss^sodsS pandava, pan- 
davu, s. A thin strip of a 
cocoanut branch ^r of other 
fibrous trees, generally used 
as a band or tie. -^ s^f^ a 
string or cord made of such 
^c)oas;^, SJDodo^ pandil^i, pan- 

del\i, s. A kind of bush. 
oSeJD^ pampu, ^^^ ^^4- 
753"5)oz3jso^ pambol^, s.'^k kind of 
flat, long fish. adj. Long, 
slender. V— ^e"5 a rat-snake. 
53i)=a^' pakii, adv. Once a day. 
_^j.tdo^ to cut once ; to tap, 
as a palm-tree. 
S3-s^ paka, adj. Some, several, 

^i)'d paka 


^tt)^ padi 

a few. —^^ a few persons. 
_?d^ja5o some time. 

55^^ paka, s. Maturity, the state 
of being boiled or ripened. 
~^b^ to be fully ripe; to 
be properly prepared, as food, 
eU. —-^0^^^ to cook, boil. 

53"3=5^o paku, see z:^^- 

\5S^^ol3, pakutti, s. A knife for 

cutting betel-nuts, 
slsssrld, sj^n^d pagara, pagara, s. 
An inclosure, fence; a ram- 

^Df\ page, s. A kind of tree. 

55«)2^ paca, s. The lungs of fish. 
2. the skin of the leg. 

o3*S)2^ paci, s. A sponge. 2. see 

53?zar^, 53i)^^o pacige, pacu, s. A 

kind of pill. 
^D'^D^, ^-32^53 pacil^, pacile, s. 

A bivalve shell, Mythilus. 
53^21 pace, 5"^^ s:^2^- 2. see ^j^'^. 

55^^-g^o3o, 53De3^^ paccaye, pa- 
Javii, s. A pasha, sovereign, 
ruler. -e5T^;^fi royalty of a 

o3«)c3 paji, ^. A servant, menial. 
?ys2S ^«es^j ^^ e?^ even a Kazi 
may become a menial; mis- 
fortune may reduce a great 
man to obscurity. 
J53c)22, 53c)2Eo5j paje, pajeyi, s. 
Algae, lichen, ^zi^^ algae 
to grow. 

53e52!oaJ, 33s)^^SS PW^J P^jevU, 

s. The tree Ficus cov'^lonic- 
rata\ also 7(Xf^ ^r^. 

^Db^ pat^, see s-d5. 

Sj"5)y pata, see ^^. 

Sjdsj^ patala, s. Pale red, rose 
colour. 2. the trumpet flower 
plant; also sj^WsS. — ^-s the 
trumpet flower. 

Sj's^'S^ patali, s. The manager 
d?/- warden of a temple. 

53e)li pati, s. A gang of work- 
men, particularly working 
on roads. 2. road-w^ork ; also 
s3D&3d ded 3. a party, set of 

^Dd patha, s. A lesson, task. 
2. reading. -sDe3 a school. 
— ^e;js^^ to commit to memory. 
— ^jsLf^ to deliver a lesson. 
—•^0^0^^ to learn or commit 
to memory, as a lesson; to 
practise, do frequently; to 
; contract a habit. 
iJ ^DUf pad^, ■S". Likeness, simila- 
rity, mode, form, order. 
J^-sd pada, .y.-^An oil vessel. 
2. a liquid measure equal to 
i about one maund. 
U^DCSri padaga, s. An anklet. 

STSC^e;^ padal\i, see ^a^. 

ojeJG'sa padari, aJj. Destitute, 
poor. 2. extravagant, reck- 
less, ruinous. 

33c)C5t)SJ^ padavalli, see Szid 

S5-3J3^sS^ padavuni, r. v. {of ^ 
<^o^)To cause to throw, place, 

S5'5o^ padij s. An under-wood, 

small forest; a/so ojdcj. 

53«)dj padu 


S3e)i pate 

-^ S3c)dori paduga, see zj^ziX. 
sa"c)ci)rJo5o6 paduniyere, see under 

v^Sj^do^ paduni (sjsS), v.a.^'Yo 
throw, cast, fling; to dis- 
charge, as a missile weapon 
or fire-arm. 2. to place, put. 
3. to put on, dress. 4. to 
pour, ^c^.— to put on a coat. 
AocT^j— to shoot. 5rfjrf5— to 
name. ^i^^S— to pour into a 
pot. Xo^65— to throw into 
a well. :^&o^7^S- to put into 
a box. sroa thrown, dis- 
charged; worn; poured, srfoa 
dee3 oj^a ?^os5^ lit. the task 
set and the food doled out; 
slavery which exacts the 
largest quantity of labour 
for the least pay. sjDT^jrSoSoT?, 
5j^c§tS, 3j3of6T5 lit. put for eat- 
ing; any thing serving as 
sauce or pepper-water. 

53e)cli5^o5j padenayi, see ts&-^os>:i. 

SjDclJSrao^ padonuni, refl. v. (of 
sj^tI^^) To wear, dress; to put 
on a mask. 

oTi)^ 6 padnere, see U7tder sjdt^o^. 

53'3c^ ^ paddana, s. A legendary 
account of the demons and 
heroes of the Tulu country in 
verse. a^o^.^D- the tale of 
the demon Jumadi. — sird^^ 
to recite such verses. 
Js3"3dp padya, s. The first lunar 
day of either fortnight. 

soDr^^ padruni, see s:dt1)^. 

35«)r2 pani, ^. The hand. -Aj^r® 

a marriage. 
JSQe)?? pani, s. A large w^ater- 

S3"e;rJ^ panini, s. A celebrated 

Sanskrit grammarian. 
Jsj15cI pane, s. A large earthen 

o^'scl d pannere, ^^^ under sjdtI^?). 
55 e)^, sjd;^^ pata, pat ana, see 

55«)^=o^, SG^sri pataka, pataga, j. 
Sin, crime, s3^s-o-, s::;);^^, sto^t^ 
a sinner. 

S5t)3^^ patala, ^. The infernal 
regions, hell. — X-dor^. _ X-dozf 
a drag to catch things under 
water; c/. A-doi^s::;)3D^ under 
A-doc^. — Xoe5^ a demon so 
called. — Aj^r© an eclipse 
below the horizon, —^l^'^ a 
demon so called. 

o3D>B^pati, s.^ A small boat. .2. 

J a trough ^r bathing tub. J 3. 
a spout, drain, sluice, tube. 
4.^a nursery for plants. 

SjDvB^o patitya, ^. A lapse, fall. 
2. loss of caste. 

s:3d3D patiri, s. A priest. 2. a 
demon priest. 

Sj-s^g^o pativratya, ^. Chastity. 

S3«)^o patu, adj. Bent. — 4'3e^^> 
to bend, be curved. 

Sj^:^j^ patuni, see 5:ss:d4^. 

oj'sid patera, ^. A word, speech, 
saying. 2. language. 3. a 
promise. — ^.^^r^ to promise. 

^■si pate 


o3-253j papa 

oSoc^ 2oz^ s:]^iTJ CA)or^o I have 
something to say. 

SjdId-5s3)^, ^Di^^F^^ patera- 
vuni, paterpavuni, c. v. (of ^j^i 
■do^)) To cause to speak. 2. 
to make reproach. 

S3«)iD pateri, see s^dSQ. 

^Di:5d^ pateruni (^^^), v. n. 
To speak, say, converse, talk. 
V, a. To reproach, scold, 

S3D£j patra, adj. Worthy, fit, 
suitable, s. Worth. 

S3c)^,, S3-3i patra, patre, s. A 
vessel in general; a plate, 
cup, jar. —^0^ a round kind 
of water-gourd. 

S3"i)^, patri, see ^B&. 

53e)d pada, s. A foot. 2. the 
foot or line of a stanza. — ^e 
q^r water in which a spiritual 
guide has washed his feet; 
a foot-bath, —h^^ a foot-stool. 
— ^sS worshipping the feet, 
as of a guru, —"d^ a sandal, 
shoe. -?3e^ prostration; per- 
sonal service. 

S3e)dl37^ padattige, s. The pe- 


destal of a column. 
53e)dd?d padarasa, s. Quicksilver, 

^ S3-sdD padari, j.^ahe tree Big- 

nonia clielojtoides. 2. see s^^Qj- 
o3e)nj)!37^ padatige, see z:^^^J<. 
S3e)C3i)d padara, s. A pair. 
?3"3dj=^, ^i)CJori paduke, padug^e, 

.s. Wooden sandals. 

Js3«>cS pade, ^. A rock. -^^ a 
flower growing on rocks. 
— -doj^o^ Polycorpaea corymho- 
sa\ cf. e^Ujs'd. 

S3"i)C^o padya, s. Water for wash- 
ing the feet. 

Sj«)a^, 53Dd padri, padre, s. An 
European clergyman. 2. a 
Christian missionary, mini- 

53^^^ panu, s. A page. 

s^c)^ pana, ^. Drinking. liirfo— 
drinking spirituous liquors. 

55^?^^ panaka, s. The cooling 
drink made from jaggory, 
pepper, and water mixed 
together, lemonade. -^^ 
offering such a drink to a 

S3c)c^53D J panapatra, s. A drink- 
ing vessel, cup. 

ss's^^j^, S3^^■s?^}* panasu, panasyi, 

s. A lantern. 
^i)^ pani, s. Water. 

v/53«)f5 pane, .y. A kind of brass 
vessel. Zitt— a vessel made 
of palmyra leaves. — si^o^^ 
to make a small basket of 

53 1)^ panka, see zj;)^^. 

^D^ papa, s. Sin, fault, trans- 
gression, iniquity, crime, 
guilt, wickedness, evil. 2. 
pity. adj. Vile, mischievous. 
2. pitiable. ©gItio?— alas! 
what a sin ! what a pity ! — ^ 
^r a wicked act. —7(ot^ a 

6Z^t> papa 


sjso^D pay a 

depraved nature, —t^o-^^^f^^ 
— dD^ confession of sin. — c3d 
Ti^, —so-dr© -~t)^^v6 pardon, 
atonement of sin, absolution 
from sin. —Tjo'^zi distress 
occasioned by sin. -^p©o 
vice and virtue. — =^yo ?) to 


commit evil; to incur guilt. 
_;^ej3,p9j^ to be hardened in 


sin. — ■do'^^Os^^ to sin. 
/55-ssJ^ papate, s. The parting 
of the hair on a female's 
559SJ3J papatu, see s:^^'^^- 
ss'i)^^ papari, s. Pauperism, des- 
titution. 2. a pauper, adj. 
Insolvent. [pers. 

^1)6^7^ papas^, s. Shoes, slip- 
53e)5:!sSc^ papavuni, see zj;^^^^. 
5J33J3ri paparig:e, ^. Insolvency. 

53c)53'i)i^ papatme, ^. A sinner, 

53^53^53 papavu, adj. Bent. 

53e)53c)^^ papavuni (^^), v. a. 
To bow, bend. v. n. To be 
sufficient, enough. 

ss'Sojc)?^^ papas^, see sj^^oJ. 

55c)lj, S3-5ou^ papi, papishte, s. 
A sinner. 2. a destitute man. 

o5e)^ papu, s. A small bridge; 
a stone or log of wood, etc.^ 
serving for a bridge. 

33-3Sg) papu, adj. Enough. 
^53-3s2 pape, ^.^An image, statue, 
puppet, doll. adj. Bent, in- 
clined, --rfo-d a bent tree. 
—Deb^, —sj^iio?) to offer a re- 

presentation of one's self as 
a thank-offering to a deity. 

SSD^'^^^A P^PO^^iu, ^^'. Suffering 
innocently. — ^d^ja?) an in- 
nocent sufferer. 

o3"5^0o5^ pamacij, ^. A small 
wooden bridge. 

53s)^o^ pamacca, s. A kind of 
VoGD^oto, 5jDs:^oe^o pamaji, pamaju, 
s. Moss. 2. a green substance 
floating on stagnant water. 
—Tj^o^^ to become mossy. 

55c);jjd pamara, adj. Ignorant, 
stupid, foolish. 2. wicked, 
vile, base, rude. ~^^ low, 
ignorant people. — ^?^ igno- 
rance, rudeness. 

S5c)S^oD pamari, adj. Vile. 2. scab- 
by. —-dsd^Ti scabbiness; itch, 

/S3e)0;i) paya, s. Foundation, y 2. 
gain, profit; c/. ^Odod. -^ja 
h^ to look to one's own 
advantage. — ijaeil:^, — :34^?) 
to dig a foundation, -^zj^ri^^ 
to lay a foundation. —-^^"^^ 
^ to gain. 
^i's5c)oij paya, s. Coming into ex- 
istence, or being delivered 
of a child, as among Pariahs, 
efc. 2. see ^oio. _e?t)^, sjsodjs 
f!^oi to be born, delivered of 
a child. 

ssaiOJOro payasa, ^. A preparation 
consisting of rice, milk, and 
sugar. [csodo. 

o5c)OiJ3^Qi payapini, see tc7ider 

33^0^ c) paya 


53c)D2) para 

^3^q;Szd^^ payavuni, c. v. {of 
s:»odoj^) To ripple, agitate 
the surface of water. 
Js3j)05j payi, s. A sail- 2. a mat. 
3. see si^oiD. —=5^130,^, _ -sSocisrf)^ 
to take the sails in; to de- 
camp, run away. —^jsL^f^, 
— -ddtId^, — 20oc^^ to set sail. 

S3£)05j^c)?3, 55"3oaJS3c)?5 payikane^ 
payikhane, s. A privy. 

Sj^o5orf, ^-5)05^:5 payida, payide, 
.y. Profit, advantage, gain. 
2. ready money. 

S3e)05jd°^ payidala, .$•. Infantry. 

5j-so5J^D^ payinali, ^^^ siosoosp^e?. 

53e)05jo*sj>3e)c5 payil^mane, ^^^ ^^ 

Sj'305:):=;^ payisiji, adj. Public, 
published, known. 2. see 53^ 
od<:?i. 3. .Jd^^ ^j.c3. — -^^o^o) to 
publish, advertise, notify, 
make known. 

o3c)05j?;i payisa, see zi;>^:>^. 

S3^o^oj^) payuni (s^doso), v. n. To 

ripple, be agitated, as the 

J surface of water. ^ 2. to be 

diffused, as molten metal, 

etc.^ in a mould. 

^"so3j=^o* payekkelv, .y^^^odo^^. 

53e)o3o^^ payes^, sec -t^- 

53e)o:l3^c^ payyana, .y^^ siodog^, 

S3"3D^ par^, .y. An islet. 

Sje)D^ par^, J. The opposite 
bank of a river. 2. end, 
extremity. —^h^ to pass, 
ford, cross over; to get 
through or over a difficulty. 

—■rfo^j^^ to make pass or 
cross over; to deliver from 
a difficulty. 
S5-SD^s5je)^<^^ par^popini, see sro 

Jo3c)d para, .y. Guard, custody, 
keeping. — ^^^i, _do«?j^^ to 
guard. -^o'^o,^ to guard, 
watch. —a??:?), —sjdtI)^ to 
place a guard. — crooSo a 
sentry, guard. zj^-^s>Tki aet)?) 
to put in a lockup. 
■^53^d para, .y. Brooding, hatch- 
ing, incubation. sj^jtSjstI^ ^o<s<d^ 
^ to brood, sit on eggs. -^ 
t5j3ao a??Jo) to place the eggs 
for brooding or. incubation. 
s:;)-5jaA0 8o!:f^ to prepare to 
sit on eggs after a fowl has 
finished laying them. 

^«)C^o3:j6, 53"c)doojO;^oF parampare, 
paramparya, .y. Continuous 
order or succession. 2. tra- 

53e)dt3e);^ pEraJata, see ^ba^^^. 

o5^dc3So3j paradaye, .y. A guard, 
sentry, or watchman. 
I 33e)ddJ?)^'^=5parainarthika,.y.One 
intent upon another world. 
adj. Real, true, sincere, 
i 53e)Oc)y parata, s. Running, ;i 

S3c)D"30;i:c^ parayana, s. Reading 

from a sacred book the lesson 

for the day. 

Js3e)D-3^^ paravuni, c.v. {ofzi^i^^i 

^) To cause to run ; to drive. 

S3c)0 pari 


OS'S 5-) pala 

53^ D pari, s. A milk pot. 2. 

water. 3. ^^^ ^^^, 
S3«)0?^ parige, i"^^ 3:^rrow. 
53c)D23i)a parijata, ^. One of the 

trees of paradise, Nydanthes 

arbor tristis. 2. the tree 

yielding every wish. 
o5^D2^ parisa, see ^^l-r. 
53"sdo paru, see ^&. 2. ^^^ ^"rf. 

vfs^-sdo^ paruni i^"^), 'v. n. To 
run. 2. to fly. 3. to escape. 
^e^^ to expire. sj^tjo^jdoSo, j-^^ 
Ti^-^e. [-j-ain. 

^Ddjs:!^? parupani, ^. A drizzling 
53a)dj3J^o parupatya, ^. Manage- 
ment, superintendence. — ad-S 
a manager, superintendent. 
o3"5)dj^j parulu, .s"^^ s:^6-^^o. 2. 

y53c)6 pare, ^.^The hip, haunch. 

J 2. the shoulder. 3ythe scom- 
ber, a kind of fish; also o^dtSsjs^. 
4. 5^^ SJDi^. 5. sec ^^f6. 
— SiD-do^ the hip or shoulder 
to be dislocated. 

J^j^6oT\ parengi, s. An iron 
crowbar, used for digging. 
2. a lever. 
S3'c)6oto parenji, see ^^^. 

Sj^do^ pareliji, .y. A fugitive 
animal. 2. see stotSjss^o. 
Js3e)6s3 parele, ^. A runner; a 
run-away, truant ; a fugitive. 
-is3'5)6J3^o parolu, ^. A young she- 
S3'e)=^r?l parkane, s. Paying in- 
to a government treasury 

the revenue collected by a 
village officer. 2. examina- 
tion of coins, assaying. 

sS5)ir parte, see ^©r. 

^D^F partha, s. A name of 
Arjuna. — ;ds-dq) Kruslma. 

S3e)drc^ pardana, see s:^^^. 

^D^F^o^ parpadil^, adj. Empty. 

Sj^^rrs parvana, s. A particular 
funeral ceremony. 2. a cake 
used at a funeral ceremony. 

S3s)^rvB parvati, ^. The wife of 

Sjc)^r parsi, s. A Parsee. 2. the 
Persian language. — ^?^, 
— ?da ^ the kinojdom of Persia. 

S3^^F plrsva, ^. A side. 2. a 
part. 2oe;_ the right side. 
odoi^— the left side. 
Jo5e)0^ pal\;i, ^. A share, portion, 
part, division. -7^t5, — tooSo 
a partner, a^^^j— on all sides ; 
dispersion, -^h^ to be di- 
vided. ^^JsbF^togiveapart, 
portion or share. —^4Fo^ to 
apportion. — t^?^^, —-^'^^^ to 
divide. ^'^^ is sometimes 
added to cardinal numbers 
for the purpose of /or?ning 
?nultiplicatives ; as^ ?ro^- qua- 

S3^^^ palaki, see ^g^c^. 

^D'D'^ palake, .?. A keeper, guar- 
dian ; a protector, preserver. ► 
cro^T^_ a doorkeeper, porter. 
a^a^S the regents of the 
eight points of the compass. 

^■e)v pala 


ss^s^j pasu 


S3a>s;^palane, ^.Cherishing, pro- 
tecting, nourishing, nursing ; 

see 7jt>zj7)0^. 
o3^^?o, ^D^D^ palasa, palase, see 

^s)C) pall, s. Invoking, address- 
ing in prayer. 2. a vow. 
—t>^^ to implore ; to make a 

?j2)0^^, 5jd0o:5j:-^, s3^0;=oo^ 
palipuni, paliyuni, palisuni (^ 
€), sroe5oJ), ^. <3;. To nourish, 
cherish, protect, keep. 2. to 
bestow, give, grant, distri- 
bute, vouchsafe. 

^d6, s3^s3o£oo pale, palembu, s. 

JriiQ spatha of palm-blossoms 

or of an areca branch. 2. a 

cap made of areca spatha. 

i 3. the 'sole of the foot. J 4. 
the tree AlsiomJ scholari^. 
^o8a_ the stalk of a spatha. 
— QeE:^ to put on a cap ; to be 
in servitude. — ^^j o) to hold 
a spatha ; to beg. —o^o^^ the 
spatha of an areca branch to 
fall off. ^e;_ a kind of grass. 

S3e)e3sS palevu, s. A large tor- 

S3e)OJ 03 palguna, see ^ejo r®. 

^c)^o palya, s. A grant. 2. see 

STc)^^ pavatfe, s. A step or stair. 
_=5'uo^S) to erect steps. 
A^TjDSJ^ pavatfe, s. The bush 
Pavetta hidica. 
oiswcl pavad^, i. A foot-cloth; 

cloth spread on the floor at a 
wedding for the bride and 
bridegroom to tread upon. 

2. a girl's garment, skirt. 

3. a cover. 4. the cloth put 
on the back of a buffalo. 
^?j— a petticoat. 

S3"$)5Jc'S^ pavani^, see ^^^. 

sj-^^nifl, 53iD^^cl pavane, pavane, 
s. A quarter anna, three pie. 

53c) ^vB pavati, s. An acknowledg- 
ment. 2. payment, --d^eo a 

S5'3SJ^ pavana, ^. Purification. 
2. penance, adj. Pure, puri- 

S3"«)sj© p avail, see sjd^s?. 

o3c)S§ pavu, s. A quarter seer. 
2. curing, as tobacco, etc.\ 
see ^^s:Dii. — =5?js^r^ to cure, 
as tobacco, etc. 

'^li'^-t^^^ pavupeicil^, s. A sub- 
scription given to a demon. 

Sjtd^'^Q pavori, s. A leech. oSo 
^or— a larger kind of leech. 

Sjc)^0 pavoli, .S-. A quarter 

S3-32^ pasa, s. A fetter, chain, 
bond, tie. 2. a noose, snare. 

■^Dh pasi, .y. Hanging by the 

^ neck. 27'algae. 3. a kind of 

glass beads. 4. bleeding of 

the nose or the gums, —^o-^ 

gallows. — K ^jsSbr^ to hang. 

S3"32lo pasu, s. A mattress. 

S3"5)2>j3J^ pasupata, J. A Sivite 
sect. 3j;)^o3i3;)^ a kind of 

53 e) 4 PaSVa 



charmed weapon; Siva's tri- 
^^4 pasva, see ^^9^r. 

Sj'^^oC^ pashanda, ^. xleresy, 

^■i)^o^ pashande, s. A heretic, 
impostor. 2. a bigot, en- 

S3e)^i^ra pashana, i". A stone in 
general. 2. arsenic. — 2^?a 
the plant Frianthema pen- 
tantra. oDsS— white arsenic. 
7f35_, ;;jo=s^— are some of its 

S3^?? pasu, ^. The warp of a 
loom. 2. see sj^^o. _ ^B a 
border. — ai^^ to prepare 
the warp, —zi^rki^ to fix the 
warp in a loom. 

SGe)?:^ pas^, s. Passing, as an 
examination or test. — e?^^, 
sjD^b^ to pass, as an exa- 

^■3rJ^3iO=^, Sj^?j^sJ§=^pasi,iparike, 
pas^paliks, s. A mattress, etc. 
2. sound sleep. 3. cohabita- 
tion, conjugal harmony. 

SJ5)?j pasa, s. Fasting; cf. cros3s?j. 
2. the eleventh lunar day of 
either fortnight. 

S3c)^^o^ pasantra, s. Neighbour- 
hood, vicinity, suburbs. 

S3D--"e)a pasadi, postp. With, a 
sign of the social case ; as^ ^ 
odo sjSTteci E§i?>?<*; go with him. 
—csDoSo a companion, associate. 
— E§PeE)^ to accompany. 

S3e)r7c)r9 pasana, ^^^ ■^■^^. 

'^'hT^h'^ pasapini, see under s:^!3. 

55i)rO pasi, ^^^ sj^^- 

S3'5)?5 pase, ^. A kind of grass. 

Sj-3?:oO paspu, ^^^ TO^og^. 

J S3«)^ pali, ^.^A rag, shred. ) 2. 

w sj-3^, sj-s^ pali, pale, ^. The tip 

of the ear. 
-^S3e)^ pale, see S3^s3. 
Js5e)^^, S3D^^ palya, palye, j. An 
army. 2. a halting place, ^o 
z^033d^o7v)t5 a petty chieftain. 
hoT\ pinga, ^^^ ^oAc;. 
^o/ir?), ^orlr? pingana, pingani, 

ojorlu, ooor(6 pingara, pingare, ^. 

The blossom of the areca tree. 
^oriD'pingari, s. Dissipation. 
hoi\^, hoM pingala, pingala, s. 

The fifty-first year of the 

Hindu cycle of sixty. 2. 

tawny colour; gold colour. 
hoi\^ pingale, s. A demi-god, 

called Yaksha. 2. fire. 
ojo/Tsd) pingani, s. A small plate; 

porcelain, China ware. 
ojon^d pingara, see hcX-d. 

^o^r3, oooec^^rl pinnana, pin- 
nani, see to7s:z>£^. 
Jho2^ pinci, s. Parsimony, stingi- 
ness, adj. Parsimonious, stin- 
gy, miserly. -^-ssoJ a miser, 
ajo2;;id, ^oEod, pinjara, pinjira, s. 
A bird's cage. 2. the body. 


hou pmja 


hT^ pija 

^02^0 pinj'ari, adj. Dejected, 
spiritless. 2. timorous*; timid. 

^oll, ^ol^orisD^ pinta, pintangeliji, 
see ^eoO. 

hozi pinda, s. A lump, heap, 
quantity. 2. a ball, globe. 
3. a mouthful. 4. an oblation 
to the manes, as a ball or 
lump of rice mixed with 
milk, elc. 5. the foetus or 
embryo, in the early period 

. of gestation. 6. the body. 
boz^^^b a man entitled to 
make oblations to the manes 
of his deceased relations, t^o 
^■®°4)5o ^^® formation of the 

^oC3i9od pindanda, s. The body. 

^o^ piiidi, s. A bundle, parcel, 
burden. 2. what is squeezed 
or ground, -^.sce ^©a. _ -sSo 
c^rji harassing, dunning, teas- 
ing. =5^00130^— a bundle of 

208aT5rf_ a bundle of 
betel leaves, -^'yo^^ to tie 
into a parcel or bundle. 

^odo pindu, see 4^Tio. 

hod pinde, see ^oa. 

hoUj pinda, see t:^^. 

ho^^4], ^oacSDoSo, ^odjsraoc^ 
pindinavu, pindinaye, pindonu- 
ni, see under h^s^^. 
i^o^i pinni, see h^. 

obofS pinnfe, s. A hole. 2. the 
eye of a needle, ek. -^^odoo 
^i the eye of a needle to 

ho^^O pimbili, see ^c^^. 

-^ojooioosj pinyanvu, adj. Small, 

oo^D^ pikiri^, see ^^^S. 

.^■S-Oe)y, aj^e)^ pikilata, piklata^ 
s. Cheating; wheedling, dis- 
honest dealing. — ■^^o.^ to 
cheat, deal dishonestly. 

00=^ pikka, adj. Fast, as colour. 

^=^?^^, aj=g=^?o^ pikkasy, pikkasyi, 
s. A pickaxe. 

h=5D ^ pikdani, ^^^ L^?^c3^^. 
-^ aj2;&<^2>& picipici, rt!^'.^Miry, mud- 
dy. | 2yoozing, trickling. -^e5 
oozing water. 

h'^ picca, adj. Left. -=^^ left 

^2^15 ^ picccanda, piccand.^-v pic- 
cadi^ piccandi, piccadi, ^.~~^The 
hind part. |2. fetters. —2^^ 
a rope to tie a horse's hind 
legs. ~=2rB^?) to pinion, tie 
the hands behind. 
h'^ €) piccali, see *^ e5. 
o h'i^ picci, s. <^Mammon ; also 
^ t^ cSe^^. V2. the testicles of 
^ animals. /3. a nut, especially 
the cashew nut ; also — ^FjaiJoO. 
—•^J^5 a nursery field. — ^ 
^i^ to play with cashew nuts. 
-j3^^ to castrate, 
i obei piccfe, adj. Left, -^j^ left 
^elJS © piccoli, see t>iie. 
hti pija, ^^^ 33!^. 

^&i pija 


h^ pita 

^t^=^^ piiakre, see £33d^. 
^e3 piji, ^. A twist. 
^2^0=^ pijinke, see h^"^. 
h2^ok;f pijintu, s. Twisting, 

hT^ob^^^ pijintavuni, cv. {of 

Ib^oyo^) To twist, writhe. 
o^z^o^o^ pijintuni (^2Sol3), v. n. 

To be twisted, writhed. 2. to 

be distorted, deformed. ^es§- 

the face to be distorted; to 

make a wry face. 
^t^o^d pijintele, s. A man 

whose features are distorted, 

a deformed man. 
^t3# pijike, s. A kind of tree. 

2. a twist. 
^t3# pijikre, see eSsi^. 
J h'^-^^ pijini^, -y. An ant. =^?-, 

are some kinds of ants. 

^t3^^ pijipuni (t^2SI3), -y. ^. To 
twist, as a rope, yarn, etc. 

^e3D^ pijir^, s. A thin ear-ring. 

h'!^^f{ pijirige, s. The matrix 
of a screw. 
^^e3do^ pijiruni (^2§^), v.n. To 
turn, return. 2. to abate, 
subside; as rain, fever, etc. 

h'& pijji, s. A great grand- 

ob^^ pijje, i-. A great grand- 

^23 pijri, s. The corner end of 
a female's cloth. 

^^d6 pitare, s. A chest d?;?' 
trunk of rattan. 

IM piJi, s. Fear. 2. regard. 

^liojli pitipiti,^. A small noise, 
—■^■d^^ to walk with short, 
rapid steps, as a child. 
-e^DAOn^ to hop, skip, jump. 

^eia^ pitiliji, s. A fiddle. 


h\^. pittu, pitta, ^. 


tartar of the teeth. -^^o^?i 
the teeth to be incrusted 
with tartar. 

h\^7f, hh^7;f pittas^, pittas^, 
adj. Brittle, fragile. 2. not 
properly baked or burnt. 3. 
delicate, frail, thin. 5. sordid, 
stingy, mean. -^^ a half bak- 
ed earthen vessel. — ^rraosj 
a thin-shelled cocoanut. —'^'^ 
"^^^^ a man of delicate consti- 
tution; a mean person. — ?fe 
^:ra^ brittle ware. 

h^.6 pittele, s. A miser, stingy 
Jh^i, h^^, hd^ pidita, piditta, 
pidta, s. Discrimination, judg- 
ment; det. coc^Lc^. 

h^t pidite, see t>7(5. j-j-azor. 

^^w^^ pidibal^, s. A kind of 

hu' pidki^, ^' Indisposition, 

^^, h^^ pita, pitr^, ^. A father. 
2. the manes or deceased 
progenitors of mankind. — ^ 
•^ciF, —^ocior worship of the 
manes by oblation of water, 
food, etc. -^^ the day on 
which offerings are made to 
the manes of an ancestor. 

^3^ pita 




— e3j3?^ the peculiar region 
or habitation of departed 
ancestors. —'^^ sl cemetery. 
~^^^ like a father; a father's 
^3c)o2si pitambra, see l3e^o20TJ. 

^3^dj2o, h^DOci pitamahi, pita- 
mi, s. A paternal grand- 

^sr^dosc, ojs^dj pitamahe, pita- 
me, s. A paternal grand- 
father. 2. Brahma, the great 

h^^i^D:^ pitulat^, see h-^^Dki. 

^^J3D pitiiri, see ^^jsO. 

^i pite, 5"^^ ^^. 
-; ^3^ pitt^, .y.-^ije. 2. shifting, 
changing position; fickleness. 
^aebs) to shift, change posi- 
Jh'i^ pitta, adj. Bilious, choleric. 
^?f3^oe5 a jaundice producing 

. salivation. —&i^ bilious fever. 
— ^be'rf a bilious constitution 
or temperament, -^^o^?), ^=# 
rfTJo^, _o3oe-do^ to be bilious; 
to be irritated. 
^^4)^ pittappe, s. A man of 
bilious or irritable temper; 
a crack-brained man. 

^^d pittara, see h<::iT5. 

i oj^s3 pittale, ^. Brass. 2. tinsel. 

— =??8!)a3o3o one who listens to 

tales. ^?5_ pure brass, the 

mixture of copper and zink. 

^^J^t) pitturi, see ^^5. 

0^ J pitre, J^^ tb^. 

J ^d pida, ^^WOuter. 2. lucky ; 
c/. Lrfoso. _=^^ allurement, a 
lucky hand. —^l-^^x^ to 
allure, entice. — ^^ outside, 

^do=5 pidanke, see ^3io^. 

^dorid pidang-ara, see ^^oat^. 

ojdosoo pidambu, .y^^ 33rfo20o. 

ajd=#ipidakei, 5". A water-vessel; 
cf. ^3^oATJ. 2. ^6^^ under t^^. 

^ddJ5i23 pidamale, ^^^ sSrf^d 
i^doSo pidayi, ^/^z-. Out, outside, 
abroad, adj. Outer. — c^ s'o 
^ a covetous eye. — nsoSo an 
outsider, stranger, outcaste, 
heathen. — caf" a strange 
woman; a woman in men- 
struation. ~^b^ to be in 
monthly course, —^^^h^ to 
go to stool. 

^dd pidara, s. The tie-beam of 
a roof, a beam resting on the 
pillars of a veranda. 

ojde^j^ pidaluni (^s^^), v. n. 
To stumble, be sprained, in- 
J ajC3i)C3"ss3)^ pidadavuni, c, v. {of 
Sjctoi^o^) To cause to start, 

i6^C3"5)C^o^ pidaduni (L^toS), v.n. 
To start, depart. 

ajcje)d pidara, see ^rf^. 

^dJ'^JSCQj^ pidukonuni (S-u^??j3), 
e^. r^. To know, understand, 
comprehend, ascertain, for 
one's self. 

^^"sD pinari, see ^ec^t). 

h-^ pma 


^jD pin 

h'^ii pinasi, s. A cold affecting 
the nose. 2. a disease of the 
nasal membrane. 

n/^^ pini, adj. Little, small, 
slight, trifling. -^^ very 
slight ; as, --^^ ^TiF a very 
slight drizzle. 
^^i^^pinkati^, s. An atom, mite, 

^h^-^^^ pinpavuni, c v. {of ^^ 
o)) To make known, commu- 
nicate, inform, report, reveal. 

i^§ ^ pinpini (-^), v. a. To know, 
understand, comprehend, ^o 
a^^ what is known ; know- 
ledge, acquaintance, infor- 
mation. bcs^cSo a man who 
is informed ; a learned or wise 
man, scholar. b?^ca?3Dc3o an 
ignorant man, a simpleton. 
^cdoreo^ to know for one's 
self. ^F^ojo (you) don't know, 
(you) don't understand. 
^^© pippali, s. Long pepper. 

Piper longum. 
hh^ pippi, see ^^. 
ojoioo piyya, see ^eo3j?g. 

J ojd pira, adz'. Behind, after, as 
to either situation, or time\ 
cf. t-d^. 2. again, back. 
-^l support, help; as, -^^ 
=^ji>hr^ to support, help, -soo 
a an after-thought. -epsX 
the hind part. —^^^s:> abate- 
ment. c^o20o_ front and rear, 
—efj^^ to abate, subside. — ?^^^ 
^r^ to give back. — ?r;D:Jo^ 

to backslide; to with-draw. 
—a?!:?) to place behind, lay 
aside; to postpone, put off, 
defer. —zifdj^ to throw or 
put behind; to defeat, van- 
quish, -^eb^ to go back, 
return. — sofbr^ to come 
back. -sojsi^o^ to lag be- 
hind; to fall back; to be 
defeated, vanquished; to be 
put off, deferred. —Tid^^^ to 
do again; to delay, dilate. 
e?o3o h-6 &D-do3o he will not 
shrink back; he can be 
relied on. 
t}^o'S^ pirank^, see h-doE. 

oj^oT) pirangi, ^. A cannon. 2. 
see ^t5o?\. 

^dob% h^o^ pirantu, piranti^, 
see eS'dc©. 

^^^ piraka, see sj^j^. 

^dc^j^ piraduni, see ■^■^'do^. 

^drs pirana, see s^^r®. 

^d^ pirata, see ^d^. 

^da pirati, see ^B. 

IjddcS piradane, see sStjs^^. 
V^dr; pirapa, ii^^'. Back; again. 
Jh^Z^ piravu, adz>. Behind, in the 
rear. —^^ a kind of brace- 
let. -20^r^ to follow. ~^^^h^ 
to go back, retreat, return. 
y^D piri, ^.^A twist. 2yihe spiral 
thread, as of a screw. 3. cure, 
healing. 4. abatement, re- 
moval, adj. Curing, healing. 
—tSo^f an antidote. 

ojO pin 


;€ pilli 

h^'dk^, pirikatt^, s. Cancel- 
lation, revocation, repealing, 
as an interdict, oath, elc. 
-^h^^ pirike, s. Twisting; wind- 
ing. 2. the state of being 
shaped like the spiral thread 
of a screw. 

^SsB^ piritini, s. A ceremony 
at Dharmasthala. 
J^Oss's^^ piripavuni, c.v. (o/hb 
5d)^) To turn, twist. 

htihp piripini, see ^Sodoo^. 

^O^D piripiri, adv. In a con- 
tinuous drizzle. 2.pratingly, 
loquaciously. —zy^^-dd^ to 
prattle, prate. — 80?dr z^hr^ 
to rain, drizzlfe continuously. 

.^D^ piripu, .9. Abatement, re- 
moval; cessation. 2. anti- 
JhO"^^ piripuni {^5), v. a.^To 
twist, as a rope. 2. to cancel, 
repeal, revoke, as an inter- 
dict, oath, ^/^. 3. to counter- 
act; to abate, remove. 

^OOJj piriya, see t^ocio. 2. see bD. 

^Dojjfta piriyadi, see ^odrara. 

ojDo^oo^ piriyuni (^5), v.n. To 
be sober, sane, or lucid, as 
after being drunk or insane. 
2. to be cancelled, repealed, 
as an interdict or oath. ^ 
^F7( SjoeS h^F7\ Zio^ indicates 
a changeable character. 

oL>0^«B piriti, see hj^^. 

obd^o^ pireduni, see ^^zio^. 2. 
see ^TjTio^. 

^6^^ pirepuni, see hSTid^. 

h6o6o:i^, h6z^^ pireyuni, pire- 
vuni (^^), iJ.n, To ache, gripe, 
as the belly or bowels. 
J^di^oOc^ piresuni (^^oJ), v. a. To 
peel, scrape or pare off, as the 
outer coatings of certain 
nuts; to grate, as a nutmeg 
or cocoanut. 

oj^F pirpu, see ^^r. 

ojdord pirmara, see d^rd. 

hzi:iFt) pirmari, see ^^r&. 

lj0i:,"3Fa piryadi,^^^ ^Qodjaa. 
\h^ pila, see ^£J. 

>/aj0 pili, s. A tiger. — ^s^od^jS a 
big viper. — ^s'jsozf^, _=5^j50cSj3 
eJo a large kind of wasp. 
_^j3-dt? a spotted thornback. 
jrooso— a hyena. 

^002^, 000023 pilimbi, pilimbe, ^. 
A low ground. [-fish. 

^©^02^ pilikucci, s. A kind of 

^0=3*0^ pilikutta, J. Swelling of 
the head. 

h€)7^ pilis^, ^. A span. 
Jh6 pile, ^. Impurity from birth. 
2. the menstrual. 3. humili- 
ty. _=2ryo^^ to humiliate. 
esiSo— defilement, especially 
on account of birth or death 
in a family. 

h^ oa pilcandi, s. A demon so 
Jo!jg, h^ pilli, pill6, s. A silver- 
ring worn on the toes, -^o 
^7( the same ornament con- 
sisting of four silver rings 

ho pilli 


i^o^ pint a 

informer, spy, calumniator. 
J^r/D^ pisi^r^, s. Displeasure, 
anger. 2. self-conceit, ar- 
rogance. —^5|^^ to humiliate. 



humble, -eo^r?), - 
be angry, offended. 
-^'^?;jo^^ pisanti^, s. Fretfulness, 
peevishness. 2. anger, dis- 
pleasure. — =^yj^?i to be fret- 

^?oo^, ^?^o^53pisante,pisantele, 
s. A fretful or peevish man. 

h7<)od pisande, s. A kind of 

h%xf pisar^, see t^^B. 

hko^ pisinte, see b^joa 

^?j^L) piskari, s. A syringe. 

h^^^^ piskavuni, c.v. {of hii^^ 
^) To take by force, extort. 
2. to compel payment. 
^ ht^^_^ piskuni (^oJ^), ^- a- 
^To squeeze, press. 2. to pay 
on compulsion, pay in ready 

ojPs'^.D pisnari, see ^?^&. 

. ^^^^, h^h^ pilapila, pilipili, 
adj. Sparkling, twinkling, 
glittering. — ^cf^ sparkling 
4lj^ pille, s. A child, baby. 

o-ogO^^S^^, h^ ^^'^ pilliyavu- -Jh^ pi, s. The ordure, excrements 
ni, pillyavuni C^^^^^^), ^-'.^. To of human beings, dogs, pigs, 

despise, scorn, slight. ^ic- 

)SD^^ pisaci, s. A demon, h^^^^\ h^o^-^^ pinkanij, pin- 
evil spirit. kanyi, s. The buttocks. 
hi^^ pisune, s. A talebearer, |vy|j^o=5c)ciojt^, ^^o=5D5j^ pinkadru- 

ni, pinkavuni, c. v. {of ?:?o^o 
cl3?))^To cause to slip, move 
or fly out. %1. to press out, as 
tamarind seeds or the testi- 
cles of animals. 3. to get 
on the sly. 
^ db^o'S'oc^o^, ^^0=^0^ pinkuduni, 
pinkuni (^'?c^, l:eo^oS), ij. n. 
To escape, slip out. 
lj^o=5^ b^ pinkratij, see fj?^!3. 
I oj^oiio^o^ pinguluni, ^^^ beo^o 

aj^o^^=5'5)05J pincikayi, ^^^ ^oXt?. 
y^^ot^o^ pincili^, ^4^ Thin, slen- 
der. / 2. bent ^/' crooked. 
— 3T)5 thin ^r bandy legs. 

^^c^§S3^ pincelT^, ^^^■. Without a 
handle. — *®o a knife with- 
out a handle. 

^^o23'5)C^ pinjari^, see ho'iA-^. 

oj^ctoO^ pinjil^j ^^^ L^ecEa^. 

^^ob^ pint^, ^. A twist; distor- 

^^oeJoF^o^, ^^o^o^ pintangeli;, 
pIntelijL, ^^". Twisted, dis- 

^eo^sS^ pintavuni, ^. -v. {of 
h^c'e>:>t^^ To cause to twist or 
distort, -^j?)???— to make gri- 

ojeoeJo pintu 


^0=5^ punk^ 

y^^oeJo^ pintuni (^?cO), v. a. To 

twist, turn, wring. 
h^o^^^iT^ pintel^tana, s. The 

state of being twisted or 

distorted. 2. perverseness, 

crossness, wryness. 
h^otiO, oo^ozoo© pimbili, pimbu- 

li, see 83 c 800 €3. 
oj^=aCj'5)^ pikadani, s. A spittoon. 
^^^£3^ pikratu, ^^^ ^?^^^. 

^r^cjdju piriadamara, ^. The 

pine tree. 
h^i6 pitha, ^. A seat ; a throne ; 

a pulpit. ■^^^~ the seat of 

Udipi Svamis. 
h^^^ pithike, s. A preface, 

preamble, introduction. 
oj^dcl, ^^ca^ pidane, pidane, s. 

Vexation, pain, suffering, 

anguish; cf. ^ezf. 

oj^^^og^, aj^?^o^ pidipuni, pidi- 

suni i}:^^, Le^oJ), ^;. a. To vex, 

annoy, molest. 
^^^OjOO^ pidiynni (^?^), ^. /2. 

To be vexed, annoyed; to 

oo^d pide, see h^ri^. 
h^i) pita, adj. Yellow\ 

h^txj^t>^t^ pitar^mani, s. A kind 
of medicine, Veratram album. 
2. antimony. 

oj^S"9o2.:iJ pitambara, s. A yellow 
silk cloth. -^'^ Krushna, as 
wearing such a garment. 

^?N?^^ plnas^, see ^csd^. 

h^"^^ pinari, adj. Stinking, 
emitting a disagreable odour. 

_?JTi^j3^ a miser, niggard. 

-■rfoTJ the poon tree, Sterculia 

foetida^ Ailanthus. — T?.'5eX, 

see ^?ro?). 
^j^sj, ^esj^o^j pipa, pipayi, ^. A 

cask, tub. 
h^h pipi, ^. A kind of pipe. 
^^^5* pipuni, see ^aSsg^. 
^^eOe)d pibale, s. A little child. 
^^dooc'a^ pimannu, s. Miry earth. 

J^^ojo^ piyavu, s. A small 
^^oSj?^ piyyo, ^'«^y. Ah expres- 
sion of ridicule, mockery, 
generally accompanied with 
clapping of hands. 
oj^DO^oo^, ^^do^ piriyuni, piru- 
ni (^?5, -?S), ^'. /2. To ooze, 
percolate. 2. .y^^ ^?-do^. 
J^^6 pire, j". A potherb. Luff a 
acutangula, '^c-^Tt—, ^,'soeJ6_, 
tot5— are varieties of the 
h^6or\ pirengi, see Li^cTn. 
l>^0 pili, s. Pith, a kind of 
J rush used as corks. ^2. a 
^ peacock's feather. | adjJDrj, 
thin, light. — ^cif the soft 
part of a bird's tail. — e5«9 
odoo^ to die out. — i::^ ^ofi 
the star in a peacock's 
feather. — ^wo,^ to be stunt- 
ed, to grow lean. 
^^si^ pis^, .s-^^ ^?0J. 
^^rdO^ii pisuni, see h^i^^^. 
^cs^ o3)o=aO punk^, punku, srr 

^0=5* punka 


^ora punna 

cg)o^ro^ punkanu, see -dojsc^fi. 
^ori^ pungave, s. An excellent 

^r pre-eminent man. -sSoo?)— 

the chief of sages. 
^oA, ^orij pungi, pungu, ^. A 

sort of drone or bagpipe, 
vi ^orlo pungu, s. v/The Indian 

beech, Pongamia glabra. 

Jog)orij^ punguni (^^^), ^'. ^. To 
rock, toss, as a boat, etc. 

J^oA, ^oA^3 punge, pungele, s. 
A fickle-minded man. 
^o2Ce3^ punnati^, adj. Tender, 

'>J^oZ^ punca, s.^A. white-ant-hill. 
2.^, snake's hole. 3. a kind 

^ of poison. ^— ^c"rf a very 
good rice-field. — ^ -ddo^ the 
termite soil used for chemi- 
cal processes. — 4's a kind of 
^ct^23^ puncal^, see 4'^o?i. 
^oe^^ puncala, s. A kind of 
fly-brush, held by a devil- 
^otd punja, s. A heap, collec- 
tion. 2. property consisting 
of ready money. 
^o^DSj^ puntavuni, c. v. {of 
^owo^) To cause to wring, 
press or express. 

>i^cL]o?^ puntuni (4o0), v. a. To 
wring, as a wet garment. 2. 
to press or express, as juice 
from fruits, etc. 

-X'^od punda, adj. Mischievous, 

quarrelsome, wicked. — ^^ 

ogot^d pundade, s. A kind of 

^o^iaD pundari, see under 4oa. 

s3)0(:3e)y, ^oZJseJT^ pundata, pun- 
datige, s, Mischievousness, 
/^o^ pundi, ^.'"^The fist. ^. a 

v/ handful. 3>/the refuse of 
expressed cocoanut, etc..^ oil- 
cake. —59a, ^ci^D spare rice. 
^t^^ the dung of an ele- 
phant. — ^^, see ssrf3^6^. =^js?&— 
f6wl curry and rice balls 
boiled in steam, and served 
on particular occasions. 

ogo^s^ punditt^, see 4oa8!)g^. 

^0^^^ punditappu, s. The red 
sorrel, Hibiscus sabdariffa. 

Q5o^^e)0^ pundlnaru, ^. Jute. 

0^)0^^:^ 3^ pundibitt^, s. lit. A 

handful of seed. 2. a mode 

of sowing seed in the third 

rice crop (^js^?^). 

>logo^ol)0^ pundiyuni, see ^oyo^. 

oj)o3^o pundu, ^. A crowd, herd, 
flock, swarm. 

sjos^onc)©?^, ^0^0^^ punduga- 
rige, pundutana, see ^o^aw. 
Vc^od punde, ^. A bush, thicket. 
—d ^^,. see ^oT^d e555'cl- a 
thicket of bamboos. 

0^)0 els/ pundeli^, see ^ozl^. 

o^orasSo punname, s. The day 
of full moon. 

0^0 i punte 


^rl puge 

ogoi punte, see ^o^. 
ogoa pundi,^c^'. Sapless. 
^o^r^^ purnkati^, s. Storing, 

keeping. 2. see s^oafB. 
Sgo^or purnku, see ^"^of. 

JogortF^ purngati^, s. Fermenta- 
tion. 2. decomposition, decay. 
adj. Fermented. 2. decom- 

>J3g)on^r5S^) purngavuni, c. v. {of 
^cAor^) To cause or allow to 
ferment or decompose. 

-^ ogorior^ purnguni (4o?^f^), ^. ^. 
To ferment, undergo fermen- 
tation. 2. to decomp&se, 

-i^ofiro^ purngel^ji, adj. Fer- 
mented. 2. decomposed, de- 
cayed, mouldy. 
5So7^rs5 purngele, s. A dirty 

Ji3^o2^or^ purncuni {^o'Sf^., v. a. 
To squeeze, as a lemon, etc. 

J ^odF purnde, s. AAhorny bush ; 
c/. ^czf. adj. Shaped like a 
bush. 2. distended, enlarged. 
— =^wj ?) to be shaped like a 
bush. 20c^ 4ozfr 3^wo^^ the 
belly to distend. 
Sjorjpumsa,^. Manhood, virility. 
o3)'^e3'S02):?^j^ pukalayisuni, see 

sg^^d, ^=5^0 pukara, pukari, ^. 
Rumour, report. 2. alarm, 
noise, -•si^^'o^^, — e^^ro^^^ to 
raise an uproar. 

55)=^o?7c)^ pukusate, adj. Vain, 

useless. 2. false, untrue. 
«^^'. For nothing, in vain; c/. 

v/^=3'o^ pukuli, «y. The anus. 
^^ pukk\i, ^^^ 4"^^^- 
^=3^,^ pukkate, ^<:?^ ^s'osfea 


^=^d^?j^r4^ pukkalersavuni, 


J ^=^^0^00^ pukkaliyuni, ^^^ ^^ 

4^=5^0, pukku, ^. Fear, timidity. 
adj. Timid. ^e^^s^— being 
easily overcome by fear; a 
frightened goose. —^^ co- 

is5=^, ^=^^ pukke, pukkele, s. A 

timid man, coward, sneak. 

^=o=c) o5o?jO^) puklayisuni, i'^^ ^Ti 


^=#^roe)r55^ puklersavuni, c. z'. 
To instigate, incite. 

J sgni, o3)r(Dri pugarige, ^. Praise, 
eulogium, flattery. 

j^rido^, ^r(^j^ pugaruni, puga- 
luni (5^a5, j^a?), ^'. a. To 
praise, laud, eulogise, flatter. 

i^A puge, 5. Smoke, vapour, 
fume. — •5Sje>:5od — ^ ^^^ ^i 
steamer. — ^ t^^ a railway 
train, —^h^ to wish for 
one's ruin, —tj^j^^ to be 
affected with smoke. — sie/soso 
a shelf in the kitchen. —0 
aelb^, _si)ci3?) to expose to 
smoke; to fumigate. 

•^53)?^5S^ pugepuni (^^), z'.a. To 
expose to smoke; to fumi- 

^fi pu^e 


^d puda 

•^^f^ocJoo^ pugeyuni (sS^), 'v. n. 
To smoke, reek. 
-^M pugere, s. Tobacco. ^\-, 
80^020—, ?i?jorci-. are some 
kinds of tobacco. 
J^r^oS ^(^2;^ pugel^, puggeli^, 
s. The shoulder. -^-^^^ to 
give shoulder; to help, assist. 
si oS^^J^o, pucukku, s. The force, 
as of spitting. -SA)83^odoor^ to 
spit out with force. 
3j)2^«5^ puccadi, s. The hind 

SgeS pucce, ^. Braiding or plait- 
ing hair. 2. braided hair. 
_£poA^5 ornaments worn in 
the braids of hair. -^e^?i 
to plait, braid. 
^ ^3'i§ pucce, s. k cat. ©r^- a wild 
cat. ^013— a male cat. ^r©>3o 
Ao— a civet cat. — sj?)^ a 
cat-fish, -^oowj^ a kind of 
Sje^^JS© puccekuli, ^. A tooth 
growing after the eightieth 
oJ^sJocs^F pucceparndi^, ^. The 

fruit of Pavetta Indica. 
Sj)^ puta, s. A page of a book. 
2. folding or doubling. 3. a 
pair. 4. the purifying or 
calcining of metals, etc.^ by 
fire. ^■^— the hands joined, as 
in supplication, etc. ?ro?^D_ 
both nostrils. 8;5oad5 ^^jaXo 
t5el:?i ^?' 33DT^o?i to subject 
gold to the process of purifi- 

cg)bD^ putani, see -t^^. 
jSjy. putta, adj. Small, little, 
diminutive. — ^jac^c:^ a small 
kind of earring. 
c3)^p^^ puttanyi, s. A kind of 

^y^ puttana, s. A thistle. 
Vo2)bi?),5j^ puttavuni, c v. (of 4 
yo^^) To produce, originate, 
give birth to, cause to be 
born, cause to take place, 
v/ 33)13. putti, s. A small round 
basket. -^^^ a wickered 
o^yo puttu, s. Cowries; also 
_?f?a3o. 2. .y^(^ ^owo,. — ^ 


200^?) to play with cowries. 
'■^yo^^ puttuni (4^), ^. :^. To 

be born, come into existence. 

2. to arise, originate, spring 

up or from, be produced. 

^TJor©— to feel pity, rfjso— 

to be sorry. so^eS— a child 

to be born. ^^^- a report 

to be afloat. 
v/s^^, putte, s. A fox, jackal. 
;^y putla, ^. A bubble, blister, 

pustule. -eJS'Oj?) a blister to 

^^ putha, see ^w. 
4 ^;^ puda, see 4'^- 
J^di^^ pudateli^, s. A bruise, 

crack, adj. Bruised, broken, 

-J-^zi^^ pudapuni (4^), v. a. To 

break, burst. 
>J o^doSj pudayi, s. A basket. 


^zi puda 


33)ra puna 

S3)3a?j^ pudas^, sec ^ri^. 

o3)C3«)do^ pudaduni (^gi^^S), v. a. 
To prostrate, bow, salute. 
Js3):3"soaj pudiyi, see ^rfo3o. 
J ojcss)^^ pudavuni (s^^), v. -In, 
To break, burst. 2. to ache, 
smart. ts'ofi— /^V. the eye 
to break, smart; to lose one's 
sight, abus. ?ro&_ a boil 
to open. ^^— to have head- 
ache, daci?— to have sore 
throat; to become hoarse. 
J 5^^ pudi, s.^k sore, ulcer, abs- 
cess. I.see ^ci. 
vl q3)^ pudi, s. A handle, haft, hilt; 
cf. 4'^^- 

3^)^=^ pudike, ^. A small basket. 

35)^3^ pudipu, s. Covering, cloth- 
ing. 2. see ^5sd)- 

^asg)c^ pudipuni (^2i), ^. ^. To 
V offend, provoke. 2/to quar- 
rel, fight; cf, o^j^S). ^aija 
r©05> to be offended; to quar- 
rel with each other. 
J;Jr^o pudu, ^. Holding, grasp- 
ing, handling. — =^^ the shaft 
of a plough. —20^ a rope 
attached to the yoke of a 
plough, to serve as the 

o3)C^o=^j puduku, s. Slight, dis- 
paragement, depreciating. 2. 
insult, indignity. 

35):^j'?^Jc^ pudukuni (^^^), v. n. 
To be afflicted, grieved. 

^c^j^ puduta, adj. Foolish. 

o3)Ci)35)^ pudupuni, see ^^4?^. 

^d pude,^. Border, edge, brink, 
margin, brim. 2. interval, 
space. ^oT^cL- the border of 
a field. =5^ofirf_ the eye-lid. 
Xo^^rf- the brink of a well. 
T^ezfcL- the side of a wall. 
^^4^^ to trim the borders, 
as of a field, ^-^joei up to 
the brim. 

^cl^o^ pudekuni, see ^^3^o^. 

4^^!^^ pudepuni (^^), v,a. To 

winnow, fan. 
^^ddj^ puderuni (^^S), z'. w. To 
suppurate,ML)reak, burst.^ 2. 
to be haughty. 
■^^cl pudke, adj. Plump, fat. 

-20De3 a plump child. 
-^cl pudke, ^. A stout man. 
^c^j^^ pudpuni, .y^6' ^a^a^. 
^ri 6 pudpele,i". A quarrelsome 

^G^oC^o?:) pudyaduni, ^^^ ^^ 

-iQ^)?^) puna, .J. A dead body, corpse. 
adj. Dead. 2. inactive. — ^ 
W3^?> to grow stiff. — 5*30^^ to 
bury a corpse. 
^r^=3^b^, pnnakatty, adj. Emaci- 
ated, slender, reduced to 
skin and bone. 
^ra=^ punake, see ^r®^. 
o3)r3ds^^ punarapuli, s. The 
mate mangosteen, Garcinia 
J ^rao^ punal^j -y- Floating. 
P o3)^^^c^ punaluni, see ^v^i^^. 

irJ puni 


^rf puda 

^rJ puni, s. The border of a 
^ field. ' 

^rl)=CTO^ punikall^ s. lit. A 
hand-stone (^c^^^). 2. a 
small pestle for grinding 
turmeric, etc. 
^ '^'^^ punike, s. Tamarind. 
— -doTJ the tamarind tree. 
o2)r?)=^JS^. punikotte, s. A tama- 


rind seed. 
J^raoorlo, ^raorio punungu, pu- 

nug^u, s. Civet. —^ ^^ a civet 

J«3)cl pune, s. Security, bail. 

_3do3j a surety. 

ni, punepuni, punevuni (^^), 
V. a. To persevere till one has 
avenged himself; to contest 
to the last, as a suit. 2. to 
compete, vie. 
vl^jicls^ punevu, s. Resoluteness. 

s3)r9o punya, s. Religious merit, 
virtue. 2. a good action. 3. 
purity, purification, adj. Vir- 
tuous, good, meritorious. 2. 
pure. — ^^jr a virtuous deed; 
a meritorious act. — ^sc; an 
auspicious occasion, —h^^r 
a sacred river. — a^ a sacred 
day. -^e^ the fruit of one's 
merits. — e3js?^ heaven, —"^o 
^ a virtuous man. — ?i ^, 
— ^?^ a sacred place of 
pilgrimage. — "^o^c^^^ to per- 
form holy or virtuous acts. 

o3)D§"Soi), ^c'S'ScSiri punyatjne, 

punyadige, ^. A virtue u smau , 
a fortunate man. 

^re^^af^ pui^i^yadige, s. Good- 
ness; well being; good for- 
tune, prosperity. 

^c^'Soco punyaha, s. A lucky 
day. 2. purifying. — sD^iE? 
purifying a house, etc.^ after 
accouchement, etc. 

putte, i". A darling. adj. 
Darling, beloved. 

^^©, ^|J?j,^ puttali, puttoli, s. 
A gold coin. —T^s^o'd an image, 
puppet. -^oTst^Z gold of 12 
carats, —t^'^ a string of such 
coins, worn by females. 

^1 putre, s. A son. rf^~ an 
adopted son. j^^?do3»?i hav- 
ing a family. 4^^^?^j)t^ adop- 
tion of a son. 
V^cj puda, s. A dove, pigeon. 

^dorid, ^d=^c^d pudangara, pu- 

dakadale, see -^^oiK-d. 
z^Cj^ pudake, see ^«c^^. 2. .y^^ 

^ci^^pudakei, .y. A kind of game 
by making alternate motions 
and mutually clapping each 
other's hands. — sd^'o?), — t^j*. 
200^^ to play at such a game. 

^dea^6 pudabare, s. A demon 
so called. 
J^dQ^ pudari^, s. A name, ap- 
pellation, designation. 2. 
fame, celebrity, reputation. 
~e?L^^, —o^Oj^i to become 
known. ~:R^^ to utter a 


S^^Sc) puda 


^d pura 

person's name; to bring 
one's reputation into discre- 
dit. —zjiiTio^ to name. — ^^e 
^oi to be celebrated. 

^S^S'S^^ pudapini, see tj^do &h?i 
under ^^Ti^. 

5ja^ pudina, s. A kind of mint. 

^do^'o puduku, s. Boasting. 

SSci^'S'^ pudukku, adv. Sudden- 
ly, at once. — cSjsQorfoo^ to 
pour suddenly, as a bag of 
rice. [paddy. 

7o3)irfow"3D^ pudubar^, s. New 
.isgcS pude, s. A load, burden. 
J c^cS^^ pudepuni, see ^j3^^. 
J^de:^ pudeli;, s. A bush, shrub. 
J «gc5'9 D^ puddar^, s. The harvest 
feast; a ceremony observed 
in partaking of new produce 
for the first time. 
5g):3 pudde, see ^^^. 
^^8 punah, adv. Again, once 

5Sr^d^^ punarapuli, see ^^•^^'^. 

«g)c^dj3^(^ punarutthana, s. Re- 

flg^tdF?^^, ^N^re;^ punarjanma, 
punarjalma, s. Being born 
again; regeneration. 2. trans- 
migration of the soul. 

oJ^dsJF;^ punarvasu, s. The 
seventh of the lunar man- 
sions. , 

c3)c:JCjr^3e)dfl punarvicarane, s. 
Reconsideration, review. 

^c3^r^-s3o punarvivaha, s. Re- 

Jog^^o^ punaluni, see ^^j^^?^. 
ogF^s^dcl punascarane, s. Repeti- 
tion of mystic formulas or 
^r^rj"9 3JFS punasthapane, s. Re- 
og^^ punaha, see ^-^i. 
-/eg ^=3^ punike, see ^r5^. 
SJ)^^^ punita, adj. Free from 
sin, purified. -^os;<o^?i to ab- 
solve, purify; to justify. 
Jo3)^s)r(o punugu, see ^osooaj. 
^^^ puppala, see ^^^i. 

A Sg^, sj^ puppi, puppu, s. De-^ 
cay, rottenness. 
c2)OSjole3^ puyintely, s. The 

tenth Tulu month. 
^d pura, s. A city, town. 2?^ 
^ house I or any receptacle. 

— sro^ a citizen, 
^cgd pura, see ^"do. 

^dodd purandare, ^. A name 
of Indra. ^Ti^cdiics;)?? a cele- 
brated Canarese poet. 

S^d^ purake, s. A bad smell. 

5jd3^ purat^, ^. A dowry. 

ogddodr^ puramardane, s. Rub- 
bing of the body with an 

'^t'^:^ purame, see ^or«^. 

^ddoo5j purameyi, s. A mucous 
body. Sfis^^. 

?3)d©*, sSds3 purali^, purale, sd 

^d?;^ purasy, ^^^ ^^^. 

ogdrj^d puraskara, ^. Reverence, 

^D«> pur a 


ogido puru 

^Dc)^x^ purakr^ta, see ^i^^- 
ogD^ra purana, ^. A sacred and 
political work comprising the 
Hindu theology, adj. Old; 
ancient. — ^z? an old story. 
-^s^Tjo^ God. There are 
eighteen acknowledged Pura- 
nas, namely, 20|^_, 3ici_, 

80^55^ OC^, 55?^—, ^^0 ~, ATJOZl-, 

^De)rJ=^ puranike, s. One who 
reads or narrates sacred his- 

^C"3:^f^ puratana, adj. Ancient, 

32)0 puri, see J^'d. 

^?g)^ W^h -y.^worm, mite, moth. 

y 2i^skin parasite. 3>/wining, 
twisting, as threads. 4.'^coir 
yarn. — ^^ mulberry leaves. 
—20^ coir, -"^y^^ to twine 
coir yarn. --^^^^^ to prepare 
a rope from cocoanut fibre. 
-•^0??:^ to suffer from ring- 
^Dorlo^ puringuni, see 4oAor^. 

JcgOrlob^ purigant^^i, ^.Anything 
eaten or perforated by worms. 
^^>Worm-eaten. 2. envious, 
jealous. 3. obstinate, stub- 
born. — E^x^^js)^, 40Aofe3 an 
envious or obstinate fellow. 
«g)02;^oj purijantra, s. Malice, 
envy. 2. mischief. 3. obsti- 

nacy, self-will. -s]D<irJo^ to 
talk maliciously. 
y^O^ puripu, s. The twist, as of 
a rope or cord. — rf eoi^o a 
bullock-driver's whip ^^^ rod 
with its handle twisted with 

^Oo3j3^o puriyolu, s. An eel. 
>/^dopuru,.y.>/A snail, adj. Small, 
tender. 2. snail-like. -^)^5 a 
tender fruit, bud. ^zj^6 a 
suckling. — siDTJo^ to be very 
slippery; to glide like a 

^ do 0=^0^ purunkuni, see 4°^^f^. 
V33)Ooor(o^ purunguni, ^^^ 4oA0F?i. 

^doori^ purungele, see ^o>^re5. 
2. a sickly person. 3. a reluc- 
tant worker. 4. a stingy 

og) do orl purunde, see ^oi^f. 

^do=s^o puruku, see ^'^of. 

^do^o^rs, ^do=aoi purukucca- 
pa, purukutse, see ^oTJo^og^^. 

Qd02oo purubu, see ^^of. 

o3)do^4 purushatva, ^. Manhood, 

^do^ d^purusharatna, J. A kind 

of medicinal plant, lonidium 

^djoSc)q$r purushartha, s. Hu- 
man desire, object of life. 

2. benefit, use. 
S^do^ purushe, s. A man, male. 

2. a husband. 
cgdo^JS^^do purushottame, ^. 

The best of mankind. 2. a 

Sg)do puru 


^v pula 

name of Vishnu. 3. the name 
of a man. 

^^o;d^_3g purusattu, see ^?dr§. 
Jcgd pure, s. A roof, ceiling. 
•^oq€- the upper part of a 
roof; pL s^-Ss'o^o materials 
of a roof. 

c^^oz^o^, ^de^o^^ purencuni, pu- 
recuni, see 40^^'!^^. 
^[^6^^ purepuni (^^), z'. a. To 
roll, turn over. 2. to retract, 
recant. 3. to impute, attri- 
J o3)^^>^c^5 ^6ojjo^ pureluni, pure- 
yuni (4^), ^. n. To roll, turn. 
•3-os>— to come out, as a young 
bird from the egg-shell, 
i og)6?oO^, s^d^o^ puresuni, purei- 
suni (4^cJ, s^^^oJ), ^. n. To 
complete, fulfil. 2. to afford. 
3. to be satisfied. <oc^ 5^6?j025 
I cannot afford. 

Q3)6jS^2oi purohite, s. A family- 

og^s'r purka, s. Remains, residue, 
saving. 2. frugality, econo- 
my, [eyes. 

Sj^f^oTO^ purkann^, s. Purulent 

^T^Fh^, og^F^ purkat^, pur- 
kate, adj. Diminutive, small. 

o^S'sr^^ purkavuni, c. v. {of 
1 4^or^)JTo bake in embers, 
half bake. 2. to save, lay 
up, rake, hoard. 4?fDr5 Qe^^i 
to spare, save, reserve; to 
lay out frugally. 

o3)^e5^^^ purkasyi, s. A very 
small thing. 

J^^s'jr purki, s. The rheum of 

the eye. 
J ^=CTjr^ purkuni (s^^or), v. n^o 
be half baked. 2. to become 
-/ soft. Y3. to rot, decay, become 

^liF purga, s. Sour gruel or 

o^rtrej^ purgat^, j^£? ^SaoO. 
Jo3)'^^^c^ P^rguni (4^F), v.n. To 
be well boiled, as rice. 

S3)2^^F"^ purcuni, see ^o^oF?i. 

^t^ro^d purjantara, see 4^dio^. 

^3JF purpa, s. The tender areca 
blossoms. 2. see 4m^. 

^200F purbu, s. The eye-brows. 

^oSjsfoj puryolu, see 4^c^ox 

^0F purli, s. The wild hog- 
plum. 2. ^^^ TOr«4«3F. 

^?:oFsS ^^Fs{j^ pursaty, pur- 
sattu, s. Leisure, opportunity, 
occasion, time. 2. relief, rest; 
also s^i^jaeFrfo. ^^^^) to be at 
leisure. —-Riji^o^ to take 
time. -•^:i^^^ to find an op- 

^7o«)F{:J pursada, see ^?terf. 

^^ pula, J. -^Pasturage, graz- 
ing ground. I2. reminiscences, 
recollection of old associa- 
tions. — »^o^«J^) cattle to low 
for their old pasturage; to 
call to mind old associations. 

^vo^^ pulankena, see 4%^- 
Sz^vo^^ pulampuni (^^o)^ v. a. 
To set afloat; c/. j^e^4^- 

^v pula 


sJOe) pulla 

^^=3^ pulaka, s. Horripilation, 
erection of the hair from 
ecstasy. 2. rejoicing, festi- 
vity. -55£p4?^, ^<^2ro'cp4e3'bath- 
ing an idol in scented water 
on a festive occasion. 
^oS^53e)5S^ pulapavuni, c. r. (o/^ 
e^4ri) To cause to float. 
zj)^z:o, z^^So pulabu, pulame, 
see ^e)aoo. 

^^j^DU^', ^^-^i^ pulavadyijpula- 
di, s. Pasturage, grazing- 

-/ ^Oe)s3^) pulavuni (^e^s), v. n. To 

7^® pull, .y.'^.cidity. 2. a sour 
fruit. 3.M:amarind. 4:leaven. 
5. pride, arrogance, ^^'."feour, 
acid. — =#js&3 a tamarind seed. 


— orfj, — ^cO, — Aoe3, —"dV) any- 
thing very sour. ~'€^%-d^^ 
sauce, condiments, etc. mixed 
with acids, boiled and sea- 
soned. — ^js?;? a wry face. 
_^jje3iD4^ to be arrogant. 
-5^cwa?i to squeeze a lemon 
or other sour fruit ; to check 
one's arrogance, to humiliate 

or 20T^— , 5^p5^— , 8!)o20oeD— 

^jSf— , Cot2~ are varieties of 

sour fruits. 
^0 puli, ^^^ 4S. 
^Ouot pulijantra, see j^&a^o^. 
^053-34^ pulipavuni, c. ?-. (<?/" 

4e5o:ioo^) To make sour; to 

^®^, ^^-ioS pulipu, pulupu, s. 

o^©og)c^ pulipuni (^«5), 7'. a. To 
irritate, itch. 
^^£)^^, ^©oJoo^ pulipuni, puli- 
yuni (^«5), v.n. To become 
sour; to be leavened. 
y^O^?^ pulippena, ndj. Sour. 
^* pulisy, 5. Police. 2. 
money, cash. 
Vsgdo^j puleyi, s. A skin. c'^ot? 
^- a deer's skin. 

o3)23oJoj^, 3^s35i^puleyuni, pule- 
vuni (^^), z'. n. To smart, 
feel sharp pain. 
!^6^ pulevu, ^.^A crack. 2. a 
patch. 3. a crook, bend, 
curve. — ^^?) to remove the 

^^ pulka, see ^e;^. 

^O)^ pulkadi, s. A handful of 
grass given by a vendor to 
the purchaser of cattle in 
token of striking the bargain. 

^s3>%^, pulkotte, s. Tamarind 

^s;o pulpu, adj. Tepid, luke- 
warm; also ^e^o^sSg^, eroAO-do 

^v^ pulya, see 4%^. 
^sj^ pulladi, s. A place over- 
grown with rushes. 
^s^oSo pullayi, s. A kind of 

^ CO 

^^^5^^) puUavuni, see 4£^4^). 

^© pulli 


Sg)^ puli 

3^£) pulli, s. A sheet of paper. 
2. i"^^ s^*?^. 

^0 or( puUinga, ^. The mascu- 
line gender, gram. 
.l-«3)^j pullu, J. A rush. 2. a 
kind of grass. — xa, see ^ 
ej^a. ^^e^ grass and water, 
cattle fodder. ~-^'& a mat 
made of rush. ~.^^€ a bush 
of rushes, bulrush. -Soz^o^^ 
to pluck out a grass blade; 
to twist the ear. — ai^uD^^ 
to pluck the feathers. 
J ^s3 pulle, s. An off-shoot. ^2, 

J a split, splint, ^rse^^ ^%'R' 
— -do^A a kind of deer. ~4zst 
4S), — Qefb?), — (2;^0j^ to sprout, 

^?3o2j pulleyi, s. A kind of 

o3)s3o^ pullel\x, s. Abundance, 
increase. 2. gluttony. 

J^^^, ^%-S^^' ^^^=^^^ P^- 

lya, pulyakela, pulyakole, s. 

Morning, day-break. adv. 

Early in the morning. 
J o3)5js;^o, ^^^0 puvalu,puvolu,^. 

The navel. 
^5^e3^ pushkaty, see ^tj^E. 
^3^^ pushkala, adj. Copious, 

full, complete. 2. much, 

many. 3. excellent, eminent, 

o5)5|. pushta, adj. Nourished, 

fed. 2. strong, stout. 
o3)«^ pushti, s. Increase, thriving. 

2. stoutness, strength. 
og)5S[, pushpa, s. A flower, blossom. 

cg)^^ pushya, s. The tenth lunar 

' month. 

^^^Dc)r( pushyaraga, s. The to- 
paz, chrysolite. 

og^^ pushye, s. The eighth of 
the lunar mansions. 

s3)?^s:-3oSo;:oO^, ^7<i^^^:^7i:>r) pusa- 
layisuni, pusalyasuni, (^?de;s 
030^3, ^7i^7)^^^ zf.a. To coax, 
cajole, persuade, fawn. 

^^^, og^oo, pusk^, pusku, see 

5d)^^S ^?l^ puskati;i, puskate, 
adj. Vain, useless, feigned. 
2. empty, adv. In vain, for 

o3)^^ pustaka, s. A book, volume. 

o^rOj, pusti, s. Instigation, abet- 
ment, incitement. 2. help, 
support. 3. a portfolio for 
keeping loose papers in or 
for placing under a paper 
while writing on it. — ?fj3^r^ 
to instigate, back up. 

^r3^, ^^^ puss^, pussu, s. The 
hissing sound of a flash in 
the pan, when the gun does 
not go off. 2, unsuccessful 
termination of an undertak- 
ing, coming to nothing, de- 

sg)V^ pula, see ^t). 

^^"^ pulaka, see s^^^. 

^^2ji pulabbu, see ^©200. 

•^ "^^ puli, see 4^). 2. see ^^' 

J 33)^0^3 pulinde, s. A hunter, for- 
ester, savage. 

SS« puli 


^23 puje 

og)^=5^o^^ pulikantyi, see mtder 

sS^25^o^ pulicar^, s. A sour 

kind of sauce. 
/og)^o3) pnlipu, ^. Acidity. 
^^oi3^:^o^ puliyarali^, s. The 

yellow wood-sorrel, Oxalis 

•^33)^0=3^0 puluku, s. Slipping out, 

anything soft or greasy. 
og)S?4^ pulevuni, see ^^^^. 
S3)^0) pulku, see ^^^t. 
cg)^j^^, pulkotte, see ^^&^^. 

XT £^i 

Sj^ pulla, ^^^ ^^■ 

v/^^ pulli, ^. A grand-child. 

• -^'4^ pullu, .y^^ ^<^;^. 
'^%^ pullena, ^^^ ^%^. 

J^ pu, ^. A flower, blossom. 2. 
a cataract in the eye. — e? 
Aj a sore mouth. — ■a^cxso a 
very young fruit. — ^ ^:ji>e3 a 
garland of flowers. — ^J3"9ce3 
a bunch of flowers, nosegay. 
—■slDjaa a disagreable smell of 
flowers. — 5£)-de;3^, — ^°b^, _20 
^!^^ to flower, bloom, blossom. 
-■dooci^^ to wear flowers. 

J ^2^0=^ punke, s. Mould, mildew. 
— =^j3ci4^, —tj^o ^ to become 
^orio^ punguni (^oK), v.n. To 

J ^0^2 purije, s. ik cock. 2. a 
family-name among Bants. 
~J^64^ a cock to crow. 
^oUoc^ puntuni, see 4oBo^. 

"^^o^l^^pundely, s.^-k thicket, 

y clump, as of bamboos. /2. 

matter from a sore. 
Sjeioi punte, adj. Light, very 

light, not heavy. 
N/^o23 pumbe, s. The flower bud 

of a plantain. 
S3fe)=a6 pukare, ^. An ornamental 

structure, as the stake of a 

bullock race, —zj^ri^^ to fix 

a post of such a structure; 

to ornament the ridge of a 

racing field. 
4"^^ puki, s, A fart. 

0^5=^-^^ pukute, adj. Empty, 
void. s. An empty mouth. 

^=3^0 do, ^^Oj pukuru, pukru, 
^^■. Tender, young, little. 
2. sallow. 

"^^ pukre, .y. A sickly man. 

^r1 puga, 3". A betel-nut. 

^23"?)Q pujari, s. A demon priest. 
2. a Billavar ^r toddy-drawer. 

S^sta^^F pujarme, s. The ofiice 
of a priest, fca^— , cias^— a 
demon priest who is also the 

^23-5);J)^ pujavuni, c.v. (o/ ^^^ 
oi) To cause to smear or 

^e3^ pujita, adj. AVorshipped^ 
7^2^J^ pujuni (4s^), z'. a. To 
smear, rub, daub, apply. 

S3(3E§ puje, s. Worship, adora- 
tion; prayer, ^os^— princi- 
pal worship in a temple. 
-ts'Ss^^, _^o^j^^ to worship. 

^^^ pujya 


ttS«>S39r purva 

^9^;i<^ puJya, adj. Worshipful, 
adorable, venerable. 2. 
blank, void. s. A ciplier. 
— ^ dignity, nobleness. 
J ^!3 puti, s. Membrum mulie- 

S^JeiC^o pudu, see ^^o. 

^i puta, a. Of or belonging 
toaflower. 2. purified, cleans- 
ed. 3. see ^oi. 

^^^ ptitani, s. A giantess kill- 
ed by Krishna. ^^?ro& 

^'^^ punine, s. A very tender 

S^Sc^^D^ punir^, s. Flower and 
water placed in a demon 
shrine, —"^^h^ to place flower 
and water before a demon. 
J sS^^^ pupuni (^), ^. n. To 
break wind, fart, vlg. 

Z^ti^ pupele, s. One who farts 
frequently, vlg. 
Jo3f82J5)6 pubare, s. A kind of 

cgpsjos^, s2|9dJa)0=CT pumale, pu- 
malike, see under ^. 

^^:;9^^ puminv, s. A trout. 

Sgjad pura, see ^rer. 2. J^iJD^f^; 

of. ^^F. 

^^oi:^ puranda, «^'. Vindictive. 

2.implaccable, unappeasable. 

— 3i^ implaccable hatred. 
o2jt)^^0 purattara, ^^^ ^;S3?f='^"^. 
oj'eids^d purappara, adj. Clear 

^r full understanding. 
0^5 Dc) pura, J^^ t^^T. 

s2|30^ purita, «i//'. Filled, com- 

Jo^fS^i^^io^ pureisuni, see sS-5?jo^. 
SjpdJS^^O purottara, ^^^ ^4»eF 


^rsr purna, ^^' Full, filled, 
complete. 2. all, entire. 3. 
able, powerful, adv. Wholly, 
completely. -^, -^^ fulness; 
the whole; ability. 

sSs^F-Do, s2i?)C9rs3o purnami, pu- 
rname, see 4or©^^. 

T^hT purti, s. Fulness, com- 
pletion. —^^0^^ to complete, 

SjeisJF purva, adj. Former, prior, 
first, before, in front of. 2. 
east, eastern. s. Ancient 
times, days of old; the east. 
—^■^v former actions. — "ff^e^ 
former time. —^5 progeni- 
tors, ancestors. — sid the first " 
member of a compound word, 
sentence or verse, gram. ^ 
4«^^^ in olden times. 

c^drsj^ purvapaksha, 5. A 
proposition, assertion, the 
first part of an argument. 

s2l3SJ5)F3Jd purvapara, s. Past 
and future, former and lat- 
ter. — ?jcaS past and future 

S2psj3rspe)g^ purvabhadre, s. The 
twenty-fifth lunar mansion. 

s2j3S3e)rss"Sc^ purvashadha, s. The 
twentieth lunar mansion. 

;2|5S3e)r33^purvahna, s. The early 
part of the day, forenoon. 

Z^f^^T- purvi 


!c3^ ped^ 

S3j3^r=^ purvike, s. An ancestor, 

S^4'5^r£jjd purvottara, s. Cir- 
cumstaDces, particulars of a 
person or event. 

S^s^O puvari, s. Rice used at 
the worship of a demon. 
—rfs'oj^ to throw rice on a 
demon priest. 

Z^:^ puve, s. The day preceding 

the full moon. 

>J s3j34'5°^^^ piivolu, ^.^The navel. 

2. a thin film between the 

pulp and seed of a jack fruit. 

^sd piisara, s. A kind of gar- 

sjs^rs, ^^cl piishana, pushane, 
see ^'ses:ir®. 

^?co^ pusuni, see ^a^o^j. 

so called. 
slz^^o puln, s. A chip, small 
piece of anything. 2. a piece 
of betel Qut. —^22^ a vegetable 
curry. — ^^o small pieces. 
^O3ost- a piece of a fruit, ^oo 
^^— a piece of dry betel nut. 
ei^oso^i- a piece of fresh or 
preserved betel-nut. — s:)?t:^, 
_^«o^^ to slice, chip, cut. 

si^^O, si^^ . pri^thivi, pri^thvi, s. 
The earth. 

t>^^ pri^shtha, s. The back. 2. 
the rear, last. 3. the back 
or hind part of anything. 

^oflorl penganne, ^^^ ^-'^• 

s3orisF^ pengatana, s. Silliness, 
stupidity, foolishness. 

t>o7i6, s5orrad pengare, pengara, 

see bcAT^. 
sSor^o pengu, adj. Blackish. 
Js5ori, s5o2g3 penge, penne, s. A 
fool, stupid fellow, simpleton. 
^2^ pecca, ^^^ e3g^. 
^sSt^i peja, ^. The wild jack, -^^^ 
Artocarpus pubescens. — ^ jkrA< 
O30 its fruit. 
^tio=^o^, ti'i^^:^'^ pejankuni, pe- 
jakuni, see ^dic^o^. 
ysStj^^, ttiC)^^ pejipini, pajjuni 
(^23, ^2|), z'. a. To select, 
choose. 2. to pick up. 3. to 
pick or remove stones or 
paddy from rice, etc. 
sSto^^DoSo pejirenaye, s. A demon 

so called. 
sS^ pejje, s. Gruel, rice water, 
porridge. — ^ ^, see &do83^. 
4o2^, pett^^ ^. A blow, slap, cuff. 
-=^j8bF^ to beat, slap, cuff. 
—3^?) to receive blows, be 
beaten. — srar$o^ to eat 
Jtki^Tx^ pett^gi^, adv. Immedi- 
ately, directly. 
35sJ,o=5^ pettank^, see ^&!c^. 
i^eJ 7^ pettige, s. A box, chest. 
i — ^jos^ a square pillar or 

psfieir^ pettige, see ;3I3^K. 
sSeJ petla, see ^ew^. 
sSsJo s^ petlnpu, ^^^ ^^^• 
Js2s petta, J. A cow. -^^zio^ a 
kind of Cassia tora\ of. ^a^c^. 
^r3^s3oa pedyijnedi, see -t^^. 

Id peda 


s3o peri 

33do=^ pedanke, s. Stumbling, 
tripping. 2. sprain, -sojs-do 
?i to be sprained. 
i^cion^ pedang^, adv. Behind 
the back. — ^wo^?) to pinion 
behind, as the hands. „ 

^rfor(d, ^doA^o3o, tcjoA pe- 
dangara, pedan^Eyi, pedangei, 
s. A water-pot placed out- 
side a house for washing 

^c5o2Jjpedainbu, adv. Obliquely, 
not directly. — ^oci^^?) to cut, 
shave, eU., obliquely. 

^cj=5c)d pedakale, s. A demon so 

^dsJJe)dpedainale,^^^ hd-^e. 

^c3j5€) peddoldi, see 335^0. 
J^cjg^^^ pedpavuni, c. v. {of ^ 
^^) To assist a woman in 
child-birth, serve as a mid- 
I sSa ^, ^d3 ^ pedpini, pedduni (^ 
5), V. a. To bear, bring forth, 
as a child. 
y^da pedmedi, s. A woman in 
child-bed, lying-in woman. 

fji^^^ pensiji, s. The lungs. 

■f^ s;^ pensil^, s. A slate or led 

^Sj , 33s5 peppu,peppe, s. Dumb- 
foundedness, speechlessness, 
as from amazement, etc. —zji> 
^0^ to stammer; to speak 

■tt^ pebbe, s. A dolt. pq^^ 

sSdoHDO^j perangayi, see t^-^oT^ 

s5dob* peranti^, see e^doO. 
s3do3* perantyi, ^^^ di^ol. 
sSod perade, .y. A hen. — ^-S^?), 

— -S-TSi^^). _=^^ii^ to. cluck. 
titii perata, s. A ceremony per- 
formed in behalf of females 
I who have become pubescent. 
I 2. see ^je^. 

sSdvB perati, see ^S. 
JsSdd^, sSddocI peradane, pera- 
mane, s. A grater, scraper. 
— ^ a kind of moss. 
33 dd perade, j^^ ^^^• 
^d^c^ perastana, ^^^ ^odo^^^. 
^Ds)lr perarte, ^^^ ^^^• 
s3D«)dr perarde, s. The ninth 
Tulu month. 
VdD peri, ^5^ ^5cdo. 
dD=^ perike, ^. A bullock's load. 
2. any burden. --s:Dtl3^ to 
load. — 20js-dj^, .9^^ ^ocior. 
/^OO^o periya, «4^'. Large, great, 
J high, superior. 7— ^oso honey. 
-;c;)0 a highway. 
^OOJoodo periyamme, s. A 
father's elder brother, or a 
I mother's elder sister's hus- 
sSDoJo^ periyappe, s. A mother's 
elder sister, or a father's j 
elder brother's wife. 
U^0o3o periye, ^. A heap, pile. 
33do3j3s;^o periyolu, s. An eel. 
dD?j^ peristal, s. The contents j 
of a book, library, ^/<;. -s^^ 
Sb^ to write such contents. 

33dj peru 


1^0^ pente 

sSdo^oD perumari, see ^^or&. 
v/sSdc^o^ pereduni (^^S), v.n.-^l^o 
V roll, move, wallowJ ^2. to 

scrape, shave. 
v/sSd^^ perepini (^^), v, a./Po 
J grate, scrape. 2/ to bore, 
^ds^ocl peremane, see ^i^rf^. 
^/^dsj^ perevuni (^^), z'.^^.'To be 
J grated, scraped. ^2. to be 
bored, perforated. 
53d?uJ^ peresuni (^^c^), 5^^ ^T5;do^. 
53 '^r, sSrir perke, perge, see ^^^. 
J^T^F perga, s. Winnings naade 
in a game of eio^^orS. 2. 
profit, gain. ^^ efodoK ^af 
he had a good meal to-day. 
£r{Fd perg^ade, s. A chieftain, 
headman. 2. an honorary 
.'^^Fior^perg'ude, s. A bandicoot, 
large rat. -<2^so80o a kind of 
sSrir perge, .y. A kind of bag. 
2. see ^o7(f€. 
- s5e5r perci, s. Shying, starting 
suddenly. —^^^ to shy, as 
a horse, eU. 
^^eioF^ percuni (^^?"), z'. /^."^o 
shy, start aside suddenly. 
>/ 2. to rise, increase. 
^eS^rd perjiva, s. Life, spirit. 

J^tiCiF^ perjuni (^^f^), v. n. To 

^^e)rsdo pernama, see i^-^f-^. 
33c5«)FO^, sS^F^^ pernaliji, per- 

nal^, -y. A festival on the 

conclusion of fasting among 
the Mussulmans. 
>/fe^F perpu, s. Anything put 
into milk in order to curdle 
it. ■ -cyb^, see ^s^^?). -=5^o'=>Wj 
^), — 3:dt^o^ to put in milk any 
thing to curdle or turn it sour. 
Jts^'T^ perpuni (^5), v,n. To be 
curdled, as milk. 

sSdj^D permari, s. A boa ^r large 
serpent. 2. sheaves of straw 
placed in the form of a ring 
to serve as a granary. -^^-^ 
^ to make such a granary. 

/^^wF perjne, s. Sluggishness, 

. laziness. 2: haughtiness. 
Vs^odoF perya, s.^k large bee. 2. 
v^^^ sSQocio. — o^ ^&3. a beehive, 
honey-comb. — sojstjj^ to be- 
come dense; to fall densely. 

^o^"e)Fa peryadi, s. A highway, 
public road. 

^o3oF perye, s. The toadstool, 
mushroom. 2. a rush. 
>/s3o pela, ^. The jack, Artocarpus 
integrifoUa . — ^d oso th e j a ck- 
fruit. -^& the seed of the 
jackfruit. —"s^^i^ the jack-tree, 
jack-wood. ^o%-^o^— , so^r— ,-^:,:>o 
^— are varieties of jackfruit 

sS^otJO pelambu, ^^^ ofoacsoo. 

fjt) pell, ^^^ -e5. 

^d^rio pelegu, adj. Rude, mean. 
'Js2^o2>^p3nci, s. Filth, dirt. 

s2^oe3 penti, s. A good meal. 
J^S^o^ pente, ^\ The mercantile 
part of a town, bazaar, 


sS^tys peca 


sS^orf peimda 

^^23"ski pecata, s. Effort, exer- 
tion. 2. affliction, distress, 
sitt^ZBDdd^ pecaduni (^e^^^S), v.n. 
To try, exert, strive. 2. to 
be in distress, trouble. 
sS^e^o*^ peciliji, see ^^2^6. 
J ^^2^0^ pecuni, see ^??)oc!oj^. 
^^y, ^^y^, t^^ peta, petla, pe- 
tle, s. A pop-gun. — 20oc^^ 
to shoot a pop-gun. 
Js5e^ pete, ^^^ ^eo&3. [bush. 

sS^cl pede, ^. A kind of thorn- 
J^^3*, sSc^o petijL, pstu, i.-^Partu- 
J rition, child-bed. 2."^fear. 
t^^6 petals, i\ A greedy man. 
tz^,, fj^^^"^^ petri, petrikalli^, 

s. A large stone. 
t^d pede, ^. A peon; also ^^^5. 
JsSerS^ penij, ^.''A louse. 2. a pen. 
^j3^_, &^jsO30— a very large 
louse. ^^— a small louse. 
dja^^— a white-nit found on 
dirty clothes; see s3j3e5^. 



see ^^o5j 


t^^j psme, see ^&cdoo^. 

J s^eojo peyi, s. A demon. 

J oS^D^ per^j •^- Milk. 2. cocoanut- 
juice. 3. the milky juice of 
plants. — crooio a milkman. 
^zTi?^7i6 a milk-pail. 

\^Oor\DQ^j perangayi, s. 


guava fruit, Psidium pomi- 

sS^dfl perane, see ^?-rfrf. 

55^D5eJ perata, s. Lading, freight- 
ing, shipping. 

sSi^OD^cl peravade, s. A kind of 

Phaseolus trilobus, 
^ s5^D-5^^ perdvuni, c. v. (^sSeiio^) 

To lade, load, burden. 
ti^ot perita, see ^?&^. 
JsS^do^ peruni (^?^), v. a. To 

load, burden. 
tj^^of\^^ perengel^, s. A kind 

of creeper. 
^^6^5:cl psrepane, see ^$-5e3i?6. 
tj^t>S:'i^7^ peronasi^, s. The meal 

just preceding the celebration 

of a vi^edding. 
sSerJr perga, see ■£>7(f. 
t,^f{F perge, see -^tIf. 
t)^l^F perci, see ^^l^. 
isiJ^ei^or^ percuni, ^^^ ^^c>f^. 
^t,^^jF perme, ^.-^ame, glory. 

2. i"*?^ ^sSor. 
32^Sj5^perve,^^'. Outside. — ^joo 

Q^ an outer court. 
(t,^^f\ pesige, s. Disgust, loath- 
ing. 2. dirt, filth. -Tki^^^ 

to be disgusted. 
v/^e^oioj^ pesiyuni (^?^), "'•«'. To 

loathe, be disgusted. 
t^^yo^, 35^33-9^6 peshkary, pe- 

shkare, s. A subordinate re- 
venue officer. 
-/^^-jfl pesige, see ^?2)7?. 
3^^ pei, s. A pie, one-twelfth of 

an anna, 
^lorij peingu, s. Pegu. 
^)^o2§^* peincelv, s. Ten pairs. 
33^0 Cjc^ peindani, see ^0302^^^. 
sSicd^, 33\^c3 peindal^, peindle, s. 

A notch, nick. 

^)pz^ peimba 



^.020^ peimbala, s. Ten seers. 

s3)^o2o^ peimbale, s. A flatterer. 
2. a potbelly. 3. a glutton. 
n/^jO^ peimbe, ^. A bag. 
-^s2i=a^, s5^^ peik^, peika, s. A 
pouch, scrip made of rushes 
or palm leaves. 

s3)^ peiki, /-^.y//. Of, out of. 2. 
concerning, respecting. '^— 
out of it. ■Sjs^^o^— of or re- 
specting these persons. 

t>^o^ peikuni {%^), 'v. n. To 
contract, shrivel. 

ti^-^^^ peikori, .v. A kind of fowl; 
game fowl. 

s3>2^0* peicil^, see tj<sS:r§6. 

s5)Z3^D3^ t^ii'^ peijarn;, peijani, 
see 7Los>dd-.7)^. 

ti-^i)'Q^ peijar^, ^. Shoes, slippers. 

s3f5C^^C) peinali, s. Bragging, 
boasting. 2. hoaxing, deceiv- 
ing. — ^T^o^r), — s^^iTi^o^ to brag. 

tiM'^ peitini, .$". A country so 
called. —^e"5 a female's cloth 
made of silk and cotton. 

ti^, ti^^ peita, peitya, s. Bilious- 
ness, adj. Bilious. — 7v)tS a 
man of irritable temper; a 
lunatic, fool. 

■ii)^\ peitri;, see ^^^. 

Ad, 35)d peida,peide,^^^sj^Q9orf. 

ii^i^T^ peidasti^, s. Produce, 
crop. -e?L^ to grow, pro- 
duce, --dd^^^^ to grow, raise 
a crop. 

ti-(^ peina, see zjo^jsjos. 

s5i^s5 peinale, ^^^ ^^cj:ie3. 

■ii\pD€) peinali, see ^j^^-^c 
sS^?o^D' peiniru, ^. Turbid water 

of a river. 
t^^^ peipuni (^j^), T.a. To cut, 

reap; cf. e2j^^^. 
ti^5^6 peimale, see ^^f^^^es. 
sS^^j?)^, ^.^JSro peimasi, peima- 

si, ^. Measurement of land, 

s5)^doo^ peimudi, see binder ^^. 

>/33^o5oD^, s3^o3ogD^ peiyerijL, peiyye- 

ry:, see ^j^o!^:^. 
V^^ojo<^ peiyya, .s-. A child. -^ ^^5 

a small cloud. 
J s3v03o^o ^ peiyyane, :?. A kind of 

medicinal tree, Bignonia 

/35)^o3jo peiyye, s.^k child, boy; a 
4 Pariahs child. 2.akindof fish. 
n/s2,d* peiru, ^ /Standing ^z- grow- 

ing corn. 2. goods or cattle 

imported from the ghauts. 
t,^^ peil^, see ^^6. 

35>o*5T5)^ri peili^vanige, s. Tumb- 
ling, rope-dancing, gymnas- 

s5^s:^ST3^peili^vane,^. A tumbler, 
acrobat, gymnast. 

ti^pDo^ peilandi, s. Brag, boast. 
—ojD^-do^ to brag. 

^1^-/^, 4^^peivasti^,peivaste, 
s. Endorsement of a letter, 
specifying the date of its 
receipt. — si^^o^, —■^o<^o^^ to 

^^x/ peisi^, adj. Distant, remote. 
i?zlj. Get away, make way. 


^)7si peisa 


^320 pomba 


jv^ peisa, s. Four pie. 2. money. 

3|^?o^^, s5>^?3, f>^d^^ peisali^, 
peisale, peisul^, s. Settlement, 
adjustment. 2. decision, de- 
cree, [pretty. 
^c^ ponka, adj. Handsome, 
^c^d ponkara, see ^eo^-d. 

•i ^0=5^0 ponku, s. A kind of boil 
or sore; c/. ^oazS. 
^o^jdo ponkuru, see ^eo^o-do. 
^0^ ponke, see ^o^r. 
^on^ pongi^, see sSjaoK. 
J^orld pon^ade, i\ Proud flesh. 
^bqo^o^ proud flesh to form. 
i^orid pono^are, s. The Indian 
coral tree, Erythrina indica. 
J^on^Ooo pon^ayi, s. A canoe. 
J ^on-sd pongara, J. Borax. -/2. 

s5je>on^^^) pono^avuni, c. v, (of 
^CAO^) To cause to rock 07' 
tumble, as a boat. 

^orij pongu, see djsoXo. 
i ^c?io^ pono^uni (^o^), 7;. /2. 
To rock, reel, tumble, toss, 
as a boat. [man. 

^cri ponge, s. An unsteady 
A5§;so?^^* pongeli^, :r. Tumbling, 
rocking. 2. unsteadiness. 
^07^6 a fickle man, dolt. 

3§j3oeCro^ ponnan^, .y^^ sgpoAzS. 
>y^oc^ ponna, adj. Female, 
feminine. 2. bridal. — t^js?;!^ 
a bride's parental home. — sd 
^o^j a bridal cartege. —^%^ 
a female's conduct or dis- 

^or^ozood ponnambura, see ^o 

^^oreo ponnu, s. A girl, female, 
maid. -Xa the upper half 
of a cocoanut. — &t)S the 
female sex. — 2JDe3 a female 

^ocl ponne, .y^^ ^o^. 

^crlJS^ri ponnolige, see ^o-^ 

^ored) ponnjavu, see ^r®^. 

^ozxij ponju, s. A purse or 
bundle of money. 
J^o^^ pontana, s. Favourable- 
ness, auspiciousness. 
J^oCJj^ ponduni, see ^^orfj^. 
^oc^rJ ponnani, s. A kind of 
, ^oc^^ri ponnalige, s. A kind of 
jungle tree. — ^^ leaves of 
this tree used as medicine. 
sjpo^'^o^s'or? ponnankanni, s. A 
kind of vegetable, Altern- 
ant her a ses silts. 
J^oF^ij ponnu, ^.^Gold. 2. see 

Js^J^ocS ponne, ^.-"The tree Rot- 

I tier a tinctoria. ^&— Bos7vel- 

■^ Ha thurifera ; ' Calophyllum 

^o20^ pombatte, s. A yellow 

^owd pombade, see t^oz^vi. 
^otoOOl^oj^ pombariyuni (^oz^ 

5), V. n. To start, wince, 

shudder; to be startled, 

amazed, astounded. 

-^0=5^ F pornk^ 


^t3 poji 

^o^^r, ^o^s'orpornkyjpornku, 

adj. Slovenly, dirty, filthy. 
^o^^r^^ pornkavuni, c.7'. {of 
sgpo^or^) To cause to roll. 
2. see j§po7\^r^^. 
-i^o^or^ pornkuiii(^o^^), v. a. 
To roll, run over. 2. to make 
fun. 3. see ^oaof^. 

^o=^r, ^o^f6 pornke, porn- 
kele, s. A dirty man. 

^o^^ro^pornkel^o s. Dirtiness, 

^on-srs^jc^ porngavuni, c.z>. {of 
^oAor^) To make stiff, har- 

^orior^ pornguni {t^olxT-^^ v.n. 
To become stiff or hard. 

^orfPF^ porndana, s. A Pariah 

^o20c)ry pormbata, s. Strife, 
struggle. 2. wrestling. 3. 
^^oEOOF^ pormbuni (^o-sSr), v. a. 
To wrestle, strive. 

^oeSfsS pormbele, s. A wrest- 
ler, wrangler. 2. a quarrel- 
some man. 

3§|e) =3^0=5^0^ pokankuni (^^o^), 
V. a. To learn by looking on 

^^d pokkade, adv. Without 
cause, reason, or meaning. 
2. for nothing. 3. gratis, 
gratuitously. 4. for pastime. 
5. without success, adj. False, 
vain, mere, empty. 

.:s5j5)^o^ pokku, s. A game of 
throwing pebbles in the air 

and catching them as they 
fall down. —^ ^^ pebbles 
used in this game. — :^js20o^^i 
to play at such a game. 
7^=^ pokke, s. A sore, ulcer; a 
blister, pustule. -^^ ^^ the 
scar of a sore. ~<^^^^t^ a ve- 
sicle or blister to form. 

^^^3 pokkele, see ^^j. 

^rlj pogate, see ^a^. 

:s§[e)r{do^, ^ri^o?^ pogaruni, po- 

galuni, see ^atjo^. 
^rio.B poguti, s. A shameless 

^rio^j pogulu, s. Praise, eu- 
logium. 2. renown. 
V^ri poge, see ^t<. 
'^T^^c^ pogepuni, see t^i^A^- 
yi'^T\-^ ^^ poggavuni, c. v. {of tp> 
Ao^o)) To cause to enter, pene- 
2. to 

trate or interfere, 


Ji^Tiy^ pogguni (^^^), z'.a.-^To 
enter, penetrate. 2. to inter- 

J-^n-^zi)^ pogpavuni, see ^a^^?^. 
^^^0=3*0^, ^t^^o^ pojankuni, 

pojakuni, see ^^o'^o^. 
^ti^^ poJakijL, see ^3i^. 
^ti^^oxraj^ pojakonuni, i'. reft. 
To be grieved. 2. to be distort- 
ed, as from pain. 3. to rub the 
face, as in grief or shame. 

J ^z^o^ pojil\^, s. A germ, sprout, 
bud. — ©Q rice made of 
germinated paddy. — =#j5"doO 
a germinated cashew-nut. 

35)323 poje 


^a podi 

—83^ malt, grain steeped in 
^2^0^-5)^^ pojenkavuni, c, 7\ 
{of ^^0^0^) To strangulate. 

2. to cause to knead. 

4^^ot5^j^, ^^^j^ pojenkuni, 
pojekuni (sgp^o^), v, a. To 
knead. 2. to shampoo, rub. 

3. to squeeze. 4. to strangle, 
#^^^_ to strangle. 

^zi 0=5^3 pojenkele, s. lit. A 
squeezer. 2. a sycophant, a 
man seeking to please. 

^^^i)^^ pojekavuni, see ^'^'&o 

^2^ pojja, see £5j3^. 
^li^d potira, see ^"^^i^- 
n/ ^y.ori^^ pottangeli^, s. Any- 
thing useless. 
^y,cln pottadye, s. A kind of 
cake made without jaggory. 
v/ ^li potti, s. A dumb or taci- 
turn woman. 2. a silly woman. 
v/^yj. pottu, .y.^'Husk, chaff. 2/a 
fruit or seed without kernel. 
3.^ blighted ear of corn, etc. 
y -/ Wa crack, hurt, adp^mv^i. 
2. empty, useless. 3"/stupid. 

4. injured. -Ao^^adry well. 
— 35UD05:) an empty cocoanut. 
~t,o^ vain bragging. -scroS 
blighted paddy. — =5*0^^ a 
blind eye. —=^0?? a blind 

^yJji^ pottugatti,5^^^Wj^^. 

oSiaUo^sJ^, ^l]j,d:3* pottutatte, 

pottudaddi^, s. Blighted corn. 

Uj^^fe?^ ^j3^ SoOoS he sold the 
grain and kept the chaff. 

« i^^ potte, ^. 7A dumb man. 
2. a demon so called. 
^^ potte, s. The calf of the 

-/ leg ; also ?ro-d^^. -J 2. a tender 

^ ear of corn. s/the hollow 

J of a stalk or tree. -^4. preg- 
nancy, vlg. 5. thickness, as 
that of a blade of a knife. 
-^;6odJo^ to whet the thick 
part of a knife. 
^^cs^s?'^ pottedal^ji, s. A preg- 
nant Pariah woman. 

\ ^^.2Joe3 pottebanji, s. A pot 
belly. 2. a corpulent man. 

J^y potla, J. A pustule, blister. 
2. swelling of the gums. 3. 
see ^?w. 

■As§j3C3^|jsr?o^ podijitonuni, v.refl. 
To struggle, strive. 2. to 
flutter, flap the wings, as a 
bird. 3. to bustle, be in a 

y^c^^d podatare, s. The side- 
bone of the scull. 
^dO podavi, s. The earth; of. 

H)^^- [fish. 

' podasi^i, i". The scales of 

J ^^ podi, s. Powder, dust, 
crumbs. 2. flour. 3. snuff. 
— '^^ gravel. -^o??j a miser, 
ahus. -^ ^^j^ to sow in 

— o 

dry land. -^xp6^^, -dUJ^^ 
dust to rise up or be dis- 
persed. —^^0^^ to pulverize, 

^^ podi 


s5j3do podu 

^^3^53)^ podittavuni, see ^^^ 

^ ^aoJoo^ podiyuni (^^), t'. a. 

To powder, pulverize. 
^::^ooEOJ podumbu, adj. Stupid, 

stolid. 2. cowardly. 3. 

sneakisb. s. Cowardliness. 
4'3'^Joe3 podumbe, s. A stupid, 

or spiritless man. 
^:l pode, see ^^^^^ 
'^d^:)^ podekuni {^^^),7j.a. 

To regret, repent. 2. to be 

-^ ^^^^ podepuni, see 4-^4^- 
i^zi podda, adj. Foolish. 
■^d 6 podpele, see,^n:>oi3. 
^ra=^ ponake, see ^r®^- 
^22^. ponakke, s. A scab, 

^'srQ^o^ ponaluni, ^^^^ 4^^^. 

^rl pone, ^^^ ^^• 
y^ra ^j, :^fl^ponjavu, ponjevu, 
.y.'^A female in general; a 
grown up woman. —Z?h^ to 
become pubescent. Four clas- 
ses of females are enmner- 
ated by Hindus; namely: 
tj;).Ss)^, ^jaeco^, ^o^^, 3j!i^, or 

■6-^, ejciS-^i, ;^o-S-^, zia^^. 
^ ^is potta, adj. Hot, burning. 
^3^0 pottari, s. A burnt co- 

coanut tree. 
J ^33^dj^, ^3^£^;) pottavuni, 

pottadruni, c, v. {of fs^^^?:^) To 

light, kindle, barn- ;gorf5— 

to light a ]amp. 

J^^^^ pottnni {p^, ^'.^. To 

J^so^dj^, ^^c^ potturuni, po- 
truni (^^_^&, ^5j)' "^'^ ^- '^^ 
kindle, set fire. 2. to incite 
to a quarrel. 
^lfl°Ji? pottengri, J. Burnt 

-i^ljjSJ* pottel^, ^. The testicles. 
— ^je)0 scrotal eczema. — /<o 
rfo^ to castrate. ®^- a 
vulgar name for sSjacc^j^e;:). 
— ^T?oK wild kind of yam. 
^C3^=^J5^2;* podi^koly, J^^ ^^-^ 

^d=apodake, ^. The eye lashes. 
J^ci^o^ podaluni (^s^^), 7'. tz. 

To come out, rise up. 
^a=^ podike, s. Stale food, 

food prepared for a journey. 

2. hoarded money, savings. 

_=5yo^?) to put up food for a 

journey; to hoard money. 
7o§f«)a^^ podipuni, see ^:3^^. 
^acd:o^ podiyuni, see ^^^ 

>y^dj podu, ^. Relationship or 
connection by marriage. —"^^ 
^0^ to propose an alliance 
by marriage. 

^cjj^o podunkulu, podunklu, 
poduku, poduklu, i". A tuft; 
a handful of grass, etc. 
^djo2oe3^. podumbatti^, see sSj^ 


^doozoo podumbu, see ^j^^i^oaoo. 

^do podu 


^d pora 

^rfj=^J3^0' podukoly., s. A 

small broom for broiling ^0. 
^Cuo^^ podupuni (#), z'.a. To 

broil, parch. ^rfo^iJ, ^z±>b 

^■^ a broiling pan. 
^dJsSo*" podupeli^, ^. Parching. 

^^*. Parched, broiled. — 2js5 

parched paddy. 
j^dsji)^^^ podepavuni, c. 7-. (^ 

^do^oi) To cause to put on 

clothes, to dress. 
a ^d^ podepu, s. Wearing 

apparel; also ^j^o^^6^. 
vl^cS^^ podepuni (^^), v. a. To 

put on clothes. 2. to brood, 

as a hen her chickens. 
^03^ F^ poddana, s. A distant 

relationship; also ^'^csd^^sjo. 
^a=^ poddike, see ^^64. 
J^^aodoj^, ^dj^, poddiyuni, 

podduni, (^^^), '^. ^- To roll, 

cover, wrap. 2. to encircle, 

wind, twine. 
^dj poddu, ^<?^ ^^^. 
J^d podde, s. A relative, kin- 
dred. —54,^ relations and 

^cSjac*^, ^c3j?)^jpoddoly,pod- 

dolu, s. Broiled grain ; c/. ^&. 
^nj^sj^) podpavuni, c. v. (of 

^c^^) To roast, broil, toast, 

^cjj^c^ podpuni, see ^cl:4^. 
^d^b* podbatty, see £5js::ioo2ol3^. 
^dO'^cJ podyuni, see ^a^odoo?). 
^C3^ c4cJ poddyavuni, c. v. {of 

^a^odojr^) To cause to roll, 
cover, encircle. 
^^€, ^^ ponike, ponke, see 

^^^ poppala, see t^-tu^. 

^^ poppi, see ^^. 

^o^j^s'or^^ poyikanny, s. A veil 
(??' mask. adj. Short-sighted. 
Js§je)03jaj^ poyipini (^oso), v. a. 
To twist, as a rope, j 2. to 
tap with a horn, as the tender 
blossoms of a cocoanut tree 
for toddy-drawing. 
J^oSj^jsd^ poyimar^, s. Vio- 
lence, force. 2. extortion, 
pillage. — S?jSo an anarchical 

^o3jdoo?do^o poyimusulu, ^^^ 

^oSos3* poyil^, ^. An abscess. 
2. tapping. — sjdt^o^ to tap 
the tender blossoms of a palm- 
bud in toddy-drawing. 

^OSj?oO^ poyisali^, see ^cx3o?i^. 

^Oo>sJo^ poyyamane, see ^^ 

^ojoo^;:) poyyuni (^053-^)) v> n. 
To sit cross-legged; bet. 5563^ 
jgpodoon^. 2. see sj^odoo^. 

^o:JoOo;^o^o poyyusulu, ^^^ "^^ 


J^o3> poyye, ^. Sand. ^^- 

coarse sand, -o^^'o^?) to be 

afflicted with small measles. 

^dot3e)53* porarijaly., see ^t^^. 

^Oo^* poranty, see n^^oO. 2. see 

^d pora 


'^^:>F porlu 

^d^^Oc^) porakaluni, see ^^r 

^d2^5^ porajana, see -^cSj^^di^. 
^deE poraje, see ^^. 
-i^ds;^ porali^, s. A fife, flute. 

^do^, ^d^^ poral^, poralyi, ^. 
Fishy smell. 
J ^Dpori,^. A harrow. 2. a spark. 

3. see ^^j^ ^. -^ozf the 
whole root of a tree. — ts^wo.^i 
to harrow, —^h^ to lose in 
the game of siN^-sSo??. ~^^h^ 
to get broiled, as grain. 
— do^o^^ to broil grain. 

Ni^S^^ poripuni (^5), v. a. To 
broil, parch. 

J ^Dojoo^ poriyuni (sS)?>a), z/. n. 
To be broiled, parched. 
c^dj 0=3^0 porunku, ^^^ ^o^r. 
^sJjsdjsS poruve, see ^^r. 

^'' ^dj^o^ poruveli^, ^.'^The under 
part of a fowl's wings./ 
2. the side, flank. 

vi^d pore, see 4^. 
^Sc'^o^ porencuni, see 4ozior^. 

J'^dzi^^ poreduni, see s^^e^o^. 

-^ ^633)^) porepuni, see ^S^^. 

^ ^6^^ poreli^, s. Reeling. 

J ^6^0^ poreluni, see 4'^ejo^. 

-i ^6s;o ^ porelpuni, see 4'^4?^. 
^6?;jo^ poresuni, see ^i^Tio^. 
^T^rF^Oo^), ^=^r^jo^ porkal- 
yuni, porkeluni {^^f6, ^€f 
^), 7.'. n. A boil to form or 

^=^ro^ porkeliji, ^^^ ^c^f6. 
^=^Fs3 porkele, ^^t? 9§pc^r. 
^2:^jr^ porcuni, see ^d^r^. 

^3ro7^J5)^o portingolu, see ^ 


V^^JF portu, s. Time, daylight; 
the sun. —^o^bo^oo^ the sun 
about to set. — s'oi^j^ the sun 
to set. ~^qh^ time to pass, 
to be late. — ■s:^jsc?o^ the sun 
to rise. 
"^iFo^, ^|j?oFs;^o portal^, por- 
tyolu, s. The month or time 
of birth. 

J^C3-?F5j^ pordavuni, <;. 7'. (of 
^dJF^) To bring together, 
make friends; to familiarize; 
to reconcile. 

J'^didF pordu, ^.^Inclination, 

y leaning of the mind. v^. battle, 

n/^l^of^ porduni (^Sr), 7'. 72. To 
approach, draw near; to be 
attached, adhered. 2. to be 
accessible, sociable, familiar. 
3. to be in harmony; to be 
reconciled. <oc^ e?odO(^ ^rfor 
^ I cannot cope with him. 
^aioK B^^ ^s:ijro-rfo the curse 
cleaves to him. 
^c^F^ pornana, see ^^o:iF^. 

vi^^F^ porpuni (^S), 7f.a. To 
pull, pluck off, root up or 

s/^'i)OF porlu, ^. Beauty, comeli- 
ness, adj. Beautiful, hand- 
some, fair, pleasant, fine. 

^55r porle 


-^6 polle 

—^f^ a handsome boy. — sj^^ 
■d a pleasant word. — =s^ol3 
very beautiful. 
J; ^5^5^ porle, ^. A handsome man. 
;s5|e>^r porve, s. A wild duck. 
^^F'^^ porveli^, see ^tj^^6. 
J ^^o^^ polampuni(^'^eJo), v. a. 
^To clean, wash, rinse. 2. see 

^'s^20j polabu, s. Acquaintance. 
2. familiarity, friendship. 3. 
exercise, practice. 4. ability. 
5. the outline or plan of a 
^i^^?;*^ polasijL, rt^.-^Dirty, un- 
clean ; c/. ^jse;fo. s. see ^ 

J^£) poll, .y. Interest in tkind. 
2. increase, abundance. — 2j 
zjs 4^ a farmer to brinor home 
a sheaf of the first crop, shout- 
ing ^cts^ ^z^^^ (increase! 
multiply ! ~~T\ "^j^hF^ to lend 
rice before the harvest and 
receive it 6ack with 25 per 
cent after the season. — sro 

Zli^, — e3s^^ to shout ^^^€) 

So2;|3 e;, while gathering corn 

in a barn. —soLr^ to increase. 
^O'S', ^Ori polike, polige, see 

^O-R. 2. see sgp^ctf. 
J^0o5>^ polipuni (i^e5), V. ^.-^To 

break. 2. ^6^^ ^tc;j^?i. 
«2|e)®^ocl polimane, j. A wooden 

instrument for levelling and 

smoothening the flooring of 

a building, ek. 

J^OooJO^ poliyuni {^^), v, n. 
To break, be broken. 
^0?-/ polisi^, see 4^oJ. 
^^as3 poluve, see ^^J<. 
^^o?cO polusu, see ^^^^. 
J^s3 pole, s. Pollution, defile- 
^d polke, see j§o^o^. 

^^0^^ polpuni (^^), v.a. To 
level and smoothen, as the 
flooring of a building, etc.^ 
with a wooden instrument. 
cf. ^^^t^. &d€_ to level a 
courtyard so. 

^^^bf, pollakattu, s. Mending 
upon mending, patch upon 

4^o?)5^^ pollavuni, cv. {of f^ 
<s;j ^) To cause to sew or 

'^^f\ poUige, s. Sewing, stitch- 
ing, needle-work. 
J ^Sojjo^, ^^0 ^ polliyuni, pol- 
luni (^^), 7.'. a, JTo sew, i 
stitch, knit. 1 2. to slander, ] 
J ^^0 pollu, adj. Devoid of pulp, 


or kernel, as a fruit. 2. empty, 
void. 3. timid, spiritless. 
^t^j^rS^oSj, ^^icDoSj polluna- 
ye, polvedaye, ^.^A tailor. 2. 
a slanderer. 
^^J s3 polluv6, see ^^^. 

j^t;o^;^o pollusu, s. Interest, i 

gain, profit. 2. luck, good 

fortune. 3. money in reserve. 

/ ^-3 pom, see ^^. 2. see^^c^ii. 

^q3 polle 


^{z^^ potu 

J ^'3 polle, s. Slander, talebear- 
ing. -3i 4s^ a slanderer, 

^§3, polve, ^^6' f§P°^7^. 
J-^Vd polsu, ^"^ fi'sejo^^io. 
Jsjp^ posa, ^^/y. New, novel. 2. 
fresh, recent. 3. strange, 
wonderful, unheard of. -^ 
•rfceoci?? the New Testament, 
Ch7'. _e9& rice of the new 
crop. — ^ooyo a new cloth. 
-^rJ^je)^ a stranger. -^Snew 
kind; a new path. -Qsrosi a 
new custom, an innovation. 
—Tirl^f a new year. — ^^ 
strange or wonderful news. 

^?:oo£o posante, see ^7iBT>c3o. 
J ^1^:3^ posatu, s. That which is 
new, fresh, eh-, adv. Newly. 
— erofd^^to observe the harvest 
J^?03"3o3j, ^fe)^t3 posataye, po- 
sabe, s. A new man, novice. 

^;^^r\^oposagaine, see ^jst^sX^o. 

^^odo^ posuruni, see ^^^j3^-do^. 

^;5^ poske, ^^^ ^'ss?^- 

^^o=3^j^ polankuni (^^o^), 7-. ??. 
To be in distrt'ss. 2. to have 

^^ poli, see ^^^ 

^^0=^, ^^=^ polinke, polike, s. 
A present in cash to an actor. 

^ 2. bark, skin, peel, crust. 

^^^^ polipuni, see ^€^^. 

Z^^j^ poltu, see ^^c>F. 
J ^^, ^^0^ polla, pollu, see ^oo^. 

^^0=5*^ ponkara, adj. Dirty. 

:s2jS)eo^odj, ^^cT^^ponkuru, pon- 
kru, s. Slough, mire. adj. 
Miry. 2. dirty. -2^?^ nasty 
people. — oieS muddy water. 
— -do^se a dirty smell. — ^^c:^ ' 
^^, — 7j^^ to be covered 
with mire. 
^^o€, ponkre, ^^<? ^■»?§. 
■J^^u^D pokuri, ^^^ ^?^&. 
J^e^o' po^a, <7^//". Profligate, de- 
baucherous. 2. mischievous, 
turbulent. 3. jocose, droll. 
—^^ profligate, or debauche- 
rous people. 
^^^^?^, ^^s^lir^ pokatana, 
pokatige, s. Profligacy, de- 
bauchery. 2. mischief. 3. 
waggery, drollery. 
^^=51)^ pokala, s. Perdition, 
J^^-S-D pokiri, s. Diminutive 

of f^S' adj. see ^e^- 
7 ^^^j poku, s. Means; end. ^2. 
passing off. 
^^^oo^ pokul^, see ^^. 
J^e^ poke, ^. A profligate, de- 
bauchee. 2. a mischievous 
person. 3. see s^^^. 4. a wag, 
wit; of. ^e-S^s. 
^^4)^ poktana, see ^^^^^. 
J^eejiD^^li, v^^ei potapoti, 
poti, s. Rivalry, emulation, 
^ee3, ^^^ poti, pote, s. A 

woman with a beard. 
^^eJo^ potuni (^eO), v. a. To 
embrace sexually, vl^. 

^'se^ podi 


^^^ pole 

^ ^e^ri podige, s. Fear, fright, 
terror. — ^6jd^4^), — 4^^oi 
to frighten, intimidate, threa- 

yavuni, podipavuni, c. v. {of 
j^oL^cdooc-i) To frighten, threa- 
ten, terrify. 

i^^cScdoo^ podiyuni (^e^^), v.n. 
To fear, be afraid. ^e^S^? 
^^ to be alarmed, frightened, 
"S^^z potra, s. Coincidence 
in measurement, agreement, 
likeness, adj. Right, correct, 
equal, uniform; cf. ^eS^. 

4^^^^ popini (^e), v. 71. To go, 
go off or away. 2. to be lost, 
disappear. 3. to pass, depart, 
start. ^%;- a house to be 
ruined, "^t— to pass time; 
to support one's self or his 
family. ^-s^^e when going. 
^esia ajsirb when going and 
coming. ^ec^j ecsSr let me 
take leave. ^e^oQeSs'^ not to 
go, so as not to be lost. Sj 
zf ^ ^e^ where had you been ? 
^??^A^ejust when going. ^ 
^e^T? 20^ you cannot go. ^ 
^e^Tli you must go. 

•j^^O, ^^d pora, pore, s.k lad. 

J«Sl5?0 pori, ^.-^A lass. 2. ^^^ 

^^Of^ porige, J. Full or cor- 
rect measurement of grain, 
etc, -^Jh^ to measure cor- 
rectly, measurement to be 

correct. — -rfos^Ok^ to give a 
correct measure of grain, 
efc, as a seller to a pur- 

^^Ocdoo^ poriyuni (^?&), 7'. a. 
To give a correct measure of 
grain, etc. 2. to tease, 
v/ trouble, annoy. 3vto wrestle, 
quarrel, ©cdja^— to wrestle 
from insolence. 

^^6j5i]o porotu, s. The side 
slips of a piece of timber. 

^^D3o sj^) poryavuni, c. v. (of ^e 
• 5cx5oo^) To cause to measure 
correctly, as grain. 

^^0 poll, s. Speaking irrele- 
vently. 2. plunder, extor- 
tion. ^^'. Irrel event, imperti- 
nent. 2. plundering, extor- 
tionate. -^=^0^?) to plunder. 

^e^ pole, see ^e^. 

^^s3o polye, ^. A small kind of 

^^5^, "sJ^s^^rQ, ^^^cl posha, 
poshana, poshane, s. Nourish- 
ment, maintenance, feeding. 

^^Jo posa, s. Sunset, evening. 
— rf -^^T evening time. — C3s 
o3o one who observes the cus- 
tom of taking his supper be- 
fore sunset, as a Jain. 2. see 

^e^ posra, s. Urine. 

^e^;^^^^^ posraladaye, s. A 
demon so called. 

^5^ pol^, s. A cake of rice 
flour, etc.^ baked on a pot- 
sherd or iron plate. 

"^^^ pole 




^^^=5D^:> polekayi, s. Writing 
a large, crooked hand, as 
children do. 

^ pou, see S3D^. 2. see ^. 

^J^o^& pounci, see ^^osJ. 

tJ^o'^, sp23 pounji, pouji, see 

S3^z3, sJ52;;iO poujl, pouju, see 

^^^rallo ,5j5^yo^ pounattu,pouna- 
ttu, ^. Doing things by halves. 
—^<sJ7i a work done by half. 

5j^ A poutri, s. A grand daughter. 

sd^Cj^ pourusha, ^. Heroism, 
manliness. 2. boast, brag. 

^Dod pyade, .y^^ ^?^. 

pra, ^ AS^ji/zi". prefix implying 
Progressive motion. 2. ex- 
•cess. 3. excellence. 
=5^y prakata, ^c//'. Displayed, 
unfolded, revealed, manifest, 
public. -^o<^0s^^ to proclaim, 
make public 

g^^^eirl prakatane, s. Revelation, 

sJyS^dra prakarana, s. A chapter, 
section. 2. an introduction, 
prologue, prelude. 

^=a^0 prakara, s. Manner, 
method, mode. adv. Accord- 
ing to, conformably with. 

^l^^)^ prakasa, s. Sunshine, 
lustre, light, splendour. 2. 
expansion, diffusion, mani- 
festation. ^"Sh^ to shine. 
-eross.-'i to have lustre, -^i-^e 
&!0r^ light or splendour to 
appear, —f^^l^^ light to fade 
away; light to shed forth. 




^^x;^ prakr^ta, i". The present, 

this time. — Xo for the present. 

tjj^x^ prakrijLti, s. Nature. 2. 

the natural state of anything. 

3. the root. 4. cause, origin. 

■^.sj^^-i prakhyata, «^'. Celebrat- 

ed, famous; notorious. 
^iae)o'^ prakhyati, s. Publicity, 
fame, notoriety. 
i^cTi pracanda, adj. Intolera- 
ble, insupportable. 2. bold 
confident, presumptuous. 3. 
violent, fierce. -^j?>s? tempest, 
storm, —•^■^■^y^^ a bold, vali- 
ant or fierce man. 
tj.^^t pracara, 5. Precept, ob- 

t3^3jvB prajapati, ^. Brahma, 
the creator. 2. a king. 3. a 
decent term for the memb- 
rum virile, 
g^ praje, .'f. People, subjects. 

2. oft'spring, progeny. 
■i^S)^-^^ prajotpatti, s. The 
fifth year in the Hindu cycle 
of sixty. 
g^gO^oj'^ prajvalisuni (5j^^«5^), 
v.n. To shine, glitter. 2. to 
blaze, be inflamed. 
g^23^Q3 prajvdle, ^. Shining, glit- 
ter, blaze. [affection. 
gjCSCdo pranaya, s. Friendship, 
gj3i5SJ pratapa, s. Dignity, ma- 
jesty. 2. valour, prowess. 
^.3^^ pratapu, s. An old Indian 
coin equivalent to one rupee. 



3 prati, A Sans, prefix im- 
//j^m^ Substitution. 2.seve- 





sj qj pratha 



ral, in order. 3. direction, 
designation. 4. belonging to. 
5. exchange, return. 5. A 
substitute ; a copy. adj. Each, 
every. ~^^ every day. — r^*"^ 
^J3?) each man. —^^v^ to 
take a copy. 

3i^=5^d pratikara, ^. A remedy, 
antidote. 2. a return of 
offices either good or bad. 
_:;Sj^o^?) to revenge, retaliate. 

^^"^Jzio pratikula, s. Oppo- 
sition, clashing, disagree- 
ment, adj. Adverse, contrary. 

g^32§ pratijne, s. Promise, as- 
sent. 2. resolution, vow. 

g^Sd^pratidhvani, s- An echo. 
vS^p pratinidhi, s. A resem- 
blance of a real figure, image, 
picture. 2. a representative, 
proxy. 3. a surety. 

g^3?S^sJo pratinema, s. Daily 
religious observance. 

3J,3sJ^ pratipaksha, s. The op- 
posite side ^r party. 

g.«B^p; pratiphala, s. Eeward; 
return, requital. 

g32*)oj;Spratibandha,^. Obstacle, 

3i3^:cqJF2 pratibandhane, s. A 
demoniacal possession. 2. 

^3::^o2o pratibimba, s. A reflec- 
tion, resemblance or coun- 
terpart of a real form, as a 
picture, image, shadow. 

^3SjJ pratime, s. An image, 
idol, puppet. 

^3dJS^ pratirupu, ^. A picture, 
image, counterpart. 

^vBu^L^ pratilabha, s. Twofold 
gain, profit. 

^3sje^^, ga^^^o prativacana, 
prativakya, s. A reply, answer. 

3J,s353e)£) prativadi, s. A defend- 
ant, respondent. 

gjss^ pratishthe, s. Fame, cele- 
brity. 2. consecration. 3. 
endowment. 4. staying, stand- 
ing, fixation, —Z^h^ to be 
consecrated. —T^a"^^^ to con- 

g3^=5-5)d pratikara, see ^S^-d. 

gvle^ pratikshe, ^. Hope, ex- 

g^oOJo pratyaya, 3". An affix. ^ 

^^0^ pratyaksha, ^^'. Percep- 
tible, perceivable, present. 
— ^ appearance, advent. 

d pratyuttara, ^. An 
answer, reply. 

^oosri^'sd pratyupakara, s. Re- 
ciprocated favour, return of 
good offices. 

^io^^ pratyeka, adj. Separate, 
distinct. ^^^^ one by one. 

g^l^e^^^, gjig^-^^io^ pratyeki- 
puni, pratyekisuni ('^^^^'^^ ^ 
^o?-&cJ), -c'.a. To separate. 
q^^o prathama, adj. First, 
prior. 2. chief, principal. 
—sgtT^osi the third person, 
grain. —^"^^ the nomina- 
tive case. — ^ at first. 
qS^fo prathama, s. The first 
lunar day. 





rf prada 


■^ r^ 

cd,do^ prame 

gcJs^FN pradarsana, s. Showing. 
2. explaining. 

tt.cj'^rs, 5:;,d^fl, sj.d-c-e^ pra- 
dakshana, pradakshane pradak- 
shina, ^. Reverential circum- 
ambulation around an object 
of worship. [tion. 

gjC3e)f^ pradana, s. A gift, dona- 

gd^2» pradesa, s. A place in 
general. 2. a country, dis- 

gdJS^^ pradosha, s. The first 
part of the night. 

g9"3=d pradhana, adj. Principal, 
chief, superior. — odj?)3i^ a 
high priest. 

g^9^^ pradhani, s. A prime 

gsJo^CT prapanca, s. The world, 
universe. 2. illusion, delu- 
sion. 3. partiality. adj. 
Worldly, secular. -^o<^o^^ 
to be partial. sjo^S xliijsdoei 
f^^ there is no distinction at ' 
a dinner table. 
Sj«)^ prapata, s. A cliff, preci- 
pice. 2. a water-fall. 3. a 
bank, shore. 

g^20oq^ prabandha, s. An essay, 
literary composition, con- 
nected discourse. 

3l2j^ prabala, adj. Strong, 
powerful. 2. abounding, pre- 
vailing. ~z?h^ to become 
powerful ; to prevail ; to 
spread widely. 

6iz^^ prabhava, ^. The first year 
in the Hindu cycle of sixty. 


g^:pc)rf prabhava, -s-. Majesty, 
dignity. 2. power, energy. 

gzp^d^ prabhavale, s. The shrine 
of an idol, 

tuZ^j prabhu, s. A lord, master, 
prince. — ^^ power, author- 
ity, government. 

g^E^ prabhe, s. Light, splendour, 

^Sjo^ pramatta, adj. Intoxicat- 
ed. 2. infatuated, proud. 

^^0^ pramathe, s. An attend- 
ant on Siva. 

^sJot^ pramada, sec ^^jserf. 

g^JsrQ pramana, s. Measure, 
size, dimension, quantity. 
2. proof, testimony. 3. an 
oath. 4. limit. — -dooai c=^ a 
document containing the 
terms of an oath, ^-do^o^^^ 
to take an oath. 

^dj^r? pramani, s. A head-man, 
chief. [-pj^. 

g^s^jscjia pramanika, see s^^^j?) 

g^^JsS^d pramada, s. Mistake, in- 
accuracy. 2. carelessness. 

6i,^j^^ pramadi, s. The thir- 
teenth year in the Hindu 
cycle of sixty. 

gdjsa^e^ pramadlca, s. The 
forty-seventh year in the 
Hindu cycle of sixty. 

^^:i0sc> pramukha, adj. Chief, 
principal, first. 2. excellent, 

gjSSo^oJj prameya, s. Opportu- 
nity, occasion. 2. the subject 
or topic of a conversation. 

gpSSo^ prame 


gs35) prava 


3J,do^rO,^j?)^eio pramesrinotu, s. 
A promissory note. 

g;5o^3d praineha,^'. The venereal 

g,s3J5^d pramoda, s. Joy, glad- 
ness, happiness, delight. 

^^JS^djS^ pramoduta, s. The 
fourth year in the Hindu 
cycle of sixty. 

g^o;^o^ prayatna, s. Endeavour, 
effort. 2. act, action, -^o 
^^^ to try, endeavour. 
oi^-^rl prayaga, s. Sacrifice, 
oblation. 2. the confluence 
of the Ganges and Yamuna 
at Allahabad. 

a33e)r9 prayana, s. Journey, 
march. — too2o, — ^ a passen- 
ger, traveller. ~tSo^^^ to 
travel, journey. 
Q^^DT^ prayasa, s. Labour, 
trouble, fatigue 2. difficulty, 
embarrassment. 3. pain. 

g^oJoo^ prayukta, adj. Endowed 
with, possessing, as an attri- 
bute, postpo. For, on ac- 
count of. 

g^a3js^?i prayoga, s. Conse- 
quence, result. 2. the opera- 
tion or effect of magical or 
mysterious rites. 3. effort, 
exertion. 4. act, action. 5. 
use of a word. 6. the admi- 
nistration or prescription of 
medicine. _CA)5g^^ to be in 
use, as a word. -^:>^o^Si, ^oSja? 
^^^> to perform any magical 
rites, etc. ; to administer, as 


medicine, poison, etc.\ to use, 
make use of. 

go3j3^2^^ prayojake, s. A clever 
man. ©-, ^)i3;- a worthless 

^oSjs^ti^ prayojana, s. Cause. 
2. motive. 3. result. 4. oc- 
cupation, business. 5. profit, 
use, advantage. ~^h^ to be 
of use. c3^^- of what use is 
it? — cTOoS useless, worthless. 

^^odo pralaya, s. A general 
deluge, the world's destruc- 
tion. 8i£^- the deluge. 

^Oc)3j pralapa, s. Sorrow, lamen- 

gj sj ^ F =5* pravartake, ^. An author. 
2. an arbiter, judge. 

ti^-^'iF-^ pravartana, s. Action, 
business. 2. conduct, be- 

g^d>Br?oj^pravartisuiii (^^Sr^), 
V. n. To be going on, to be 
in a state of action- 2. to 
behave, conduct one's self. 

^s:^q^^f2pravardhane, s. Increas- 
ing, thriving. 

gjSd^r?go^ pravardhisuni (^^pf 
oJ), V. n. To increase, pros- 
per, thrive. 

^S3^J^ pravada, s. Report, ru- 

g^^c)Ci?2 pravadane, s. Prophecy, 
prediction, -t^^^^^ ^ssa?i)^ 
to prophesy, foretell. 

gj^"3a pravadi, s. A prophet. 

gjS3^?o pravasa, see t^i^^DTi. 

gj^-e)3dpravaha, s. A stream cur- 

gj^s) prava 


tr^T^-^ prasta 

rent; the flowing or course 
of any thing. 

^S3D^ pravala, s. Coral. -^?i^ 
calcination of coral. 

^^^CQ pravina, adj. Skilful, 
clever. — ^ cleverness, skill. 

^^^cl pravine, i". A skilful man, 
a clever man. 

^^\^ pravr^tti, s. Activity, 

5J,s^xd pravruddha, adj. Full 
grown, expanded, spread 
abroad, dispersed, increased, 

^d^2^ pravesa, s. Entrance. 2. 
arrival. 3. commencement, as 
of learning. -e?b^ to inter- 
fere. —Tid^x^. •^■^^^76^^ to 
enter; to commence. 

^^o7<i prasamsa, s. Praise, flat- 
tery. 2. subject, matter. — c2 
^^ to refer to a matter. 
—T^o^^^ to praise, flatter; to 
speak on a matter. 

gsJ^ prasasta, adj. Good, com- 
mendable, excellent, illustri- 
ous, famous. 2. convenient, 

^i prasne, s. A question, inter- 
rogation. 2. soothsaying. 
— QeL>^ to consult stars on a 
matter or event; to make 
an astrological calculation. 
-•do-^o^^ to ask, question. 

-gj^JS^io^d prasnottara, s. A 
dialogue, catechism. 

g?dor( prasanga, s. A sermon, 
preaching. 2. a discourse. 

lecture. 3. a Hindu drama. 
^^TioJx a preacher. — -^^o^^ 
to preach, discourse. 

gj^do^ prasanna, adj. Pleased, 
delighted, gracious, favour- 
able, auspicious, -^t^ to 
be pleased, favourable. — "^^ 
f :R^.^ reo?> to win over. 

g^?^sj prasava, ^. Bringing forth 
or bearing young. 2. birth, 
production. -^?3^^ the travail 
of childbirth. 

g;^^d prasada, s. Favour, kind- 
ness, propitiousness. 2. food, 
eU., offered to a deity or to 
a guru. ;5e^^- God's favour; 
what is offered or conse- 
crated to God. Trice. 
s/sj.^"adc^ prasadana, s. Cooked 
?^J■s^5^^ prasadhane, s. Dress, 

tukt^ prasiddha, adj. Famous, 
celebrated, public, notorious. 
—^hoi to become famous or 
notorious. — •sSjs;<o^r^ to publish. 

g^S prasiddhi,^. Fame, notorie- 
ty, celebrity. 

?oJ3vl prasuti, s. Bringing forth 
as young. 2. birth. 

gj^ prasta, ^. Any auspicious 
ceremony. 2. marriage, ^--s? 
£{5^_ consummation of a 

3J,?5»).^prastapa,^. Opportunity. 

\_J — n 

2. incidental reference to a 
person or thing, --rfo^s^j^^, 
^rfs hii:)^ to speak on an af- 
fair; to seize an opportunity. 



gTo^ prasta 


sq^oJo pray a 

3J,?3^„^c5 prastavane, s. Com- 
mencement, introduction. 

^^:^ prahara, s. A watch, or 
the eighth part of an entire 
day and night. 2. a weapon. 
3. a blow. 

^So^d prahlade, s, A pious son 
of Hiranyakasipu. 

gj^ojj pralaya, see ^<sjcoo. 

^^e)^^ prakshalane, s. Wash- 
ing, cleaning. 

o3e)jO^, sj^^o^o pranta, prantya, 



^. Edge, border, frontier, part, 
neighbourhood, adj. Near, 

Sj^u^ prak^, adj. Before, prior, 
old, preceding. 2. past. — ^ 
■rf^^from past time. —^^^ an 
old account. — S formerly. 

sq^^iax^ prakruta, ^^'. Natural. 
2. low, vulgar, s. A peculiar 
dialect of Sanskrit. 

53^2^^ F^ pracina, adj. Former, 
prior, ancient, old. 

SSsXtd prajria, adj. Clever, intel- 
ligent, -^-dzij?,^^ oTO)^ a clever 

33^^C9prana,^. Life, vitality. 2. air' 
inhaled, breath. — osjtI, — tS^? 
2c^, sj^?to-£^ an intimate friend. 
—^je)^^ a murderer. — ^Ss5 
consecration of an idol, —tjo 
^Ti dangerous illness, —^e 
^oi to die. — £3o8j5jsr€)o^ to be 
weary of life; to consume 
one's self. zJods^fijs^j the 
five vital airs, or modes of 
inspiration and respiration. 


oS^eJ prani, s. A living being, 
an animal. 

oCg)^'§^^^, sj^aro"3,^ pratah- 
kala, prataskala, vV. The dawn, 

prapta, adf. Obtained, 
gained, received. 2. profi- 
cient, efficient. — e?c^05^^ to 
be competent. 

sjjj^ prapti, s. Gain, profit. 2. 
acquiring, obtaining. 3. suc- 
cess, improvement. 4. power 
or faculty of acquiring. 5. 
luck, fate, fortune, ^^l^ to 
happen ; to be obtained. — ^ 
j^?) to be able or lucky. 

S5"3>^j^r?=3*prainanika, ^^". True, 
of great force, credit, or 

35-3, ojj praya, s. A state or con- 
dition of life, as age, youth, 
elc. — o3oe§ how old are 
you? ^lio— middle age, prime 
of life. -5d ^ yo^i^g man. 
-^l^i to be old; to come 
to age. There is a saying 
about the different stages of 
human life; namely: — ^f^S 

©Si^, e5d©.cl) EOOCJO??, oD^uT^^T^O 

odoj^, ?ijsc2S 3io:i:r^s) childish- 
ness at ten (years), beauty 
at twenty, youth at thirty, 
manhood at forty, dotage at 
fifty, longing at sixty, a stick 
at seventy, cripple at eighty, 

o^jjOdj praya 


sjsj plava 

prostration at ninety, and 
departure at hundred. 

Sj^cxJo^ &^ prayascitta, s. Punish- 
ment. 2. expiation, penance, 
atonement. —"^^tF^ to pay 
a fine. — -rfo^oN^^ to punish, 
fine; to atone, expiate. 

50^ do 9 prarambha, s. Com- 
mencement, beginning. 

^^rctp^^o^ prarambhisuni (^ 
TJo^^j), V, a. To begin, com- 

552;d2J , sq^e^zj prarabdha, pra- 

labdha, ^. Destiny, fortune, 
fate, luck. 

^DX^'F-^ prarthane, s. Prayer, 
supplication, asking. 2. di- 
vine service. — "sij^o^^, sj^^f 
?iOr*:i to pray. 

oCJ^^jF^ prasana, ^. Feeding, eat- 
ing. -^0^0^^ to eat; to drink. 

^^^ prasa, s. Alliteration, 

sq^^ praste, s. A prime minister. 

^cdj priya, adj. Dear, beloved, 
desired. 2. dear, high in 
price. 3. see sSScoo. ^?jjj5 a 
beloved companion. 

ox^h priti, ^. Love, affection, 
regard. 2. delight, pleasure. 
3. the second of the twenty- 
seven astronomical yogas. 

-m>-6^ _2pD^ an affectionate 
disposition. —^jn^ZiX)^^ _^o 
^^^^ to love, -aeto) to be 

g^^ preta, s. A corpse. 2. a 
ghost, goblin. 

■^ ^dj prema, i\ Affection, kind- 
ness. 2. pleasure, sport, pas- 
time, joy. — TOrf a friendly 

,^c;=^ prerake, s. An inciter, 
mover, instigator. 
pdfl, 35.^d^3Jfl prerane, prere- 




pane, i". Sending, direction, 
passion or operation of the 
organs of sense. 2. incite- 
ment, instigation. 3. inspi- 
ration. —-^^^Kc^, ^eT5?E:?jo^ to 
inspire; to incite, induce. 

g^D^ prerita, adj. Sent, di- 
rected; inspired. 

^(:2:^F^, ^'^j^^r^ procana, prok- 
shana,^. Sprinkling. — -s^o^o^^, 
^o-§^7io^ to sprinkle. 

s:?^^proudha,^^'. Skilful, clever. 

sq^s^ proudhe, s. A skilful or 

. clever man. 

t> sj plava, ^. The thirty-fifth year 


in the Hindu cycle of sixty. 
6t^oT{ plavanga, s. The forty- 


first year in the Hindu cycle 
of sixty. 



0^^315 phala 

^ pha, The thirty-fifth letter of 
the alphabet. 

^^^6 phakire, s. A dervise, 
Mussulman mendicant. 2. a 
destitute man. 3. a solitary 

4J^?S phakkane, adz'. Suddenly, 

^t3^v^ phajiti, see t>zi^^. 

^eJori phatinga, ^dj. Rude, ill- 
behaved,unsteady, dissipated. 
2. dishonest. ~^^ dissipa- 
tion; dishonesty. 

^^UoA phatinge, s. A rake, pro- 
fligate. 2. a dishonest man. 

^^2^, ^d phadica, phadca, s. 
Settlement, adjustment. 2. 
determination, decision. —^ 
tc^ to be settled; to be de- 
cided. ^-^0^0^^ to settle; to 

^;^p.^e?;3^, sjjd-^^ro phadpos^, 
phadposi, s. Carelessness, per- 
functoriness. 2. answering 
without thinking. 3. getting 
through a business by hook 
or by crook, adj. Superficial, 
careless ; also t>iSj^^. — ^c^tj a 
work done anyhow. —F^-d-^z^^ 
a superficial man. -sdd^tjj^ 
to say more than one knows; 
to speak at random. 

^C3e)05j phadayi, s. Difficulty, 
great distress. 


^rJ phani, s. A serpent, cobra. 
—■rfjoc^o a festive ceremony 
in the name of the serpent- 
god; also ^AsSocTi^. 

^dI phane, see ^B. 

^1^ phatte, see t^^. 

^oSjXo' phayisal^, see ^^7i6. 

^d=s^ pharak^, s. Discrimina- 
tion, distinction. 2. recogni- 
tion, identification; e/. ^a?^. 
—^o'-^o^^ to discriminate. — srf 
^_^^ to recognise, identify ; to 

4jDe)aJ3^ pharakhaty, ad/. Free, 
unrestricted, well off. 

^c^D pharari, ^. Running away. 
_e?L^ to abscond, desert. 

^^JSF?^ pharmane, s. A mandate, 

^v phala, s. A fruit in general, 
the fruit of any plant. 2. 
result, produce, consequence. 
3. prosperity, thriving. 4. 
gain, profit, advantage. ~^ 
^ fruits, -^h^ to be fruit- 
ful. — ^jaSbr^ to yield fruit. 
-^je)?3io^ to see the conse- 
quence of an act. 

^^^^ phalane, pron. Such a 
one, such and such. —"^fTi 
such a work. 

SfjOeJd phalara, s, A slight re- 
past of fruits or sweets, col- 
lation. 2. any food except 

^0 phali 


Uofi banffe 

rice. — -^o^j^^ to take some 
light food. 

^03 phalita, adj. Fruitful. 2. 
profitable. 3. prosperous, 
thriving. 4. effectual. 

^0^^, ^0?co^ phalipuni, phali- 
suni (^e5j, z\ n. To yield fruit, 
be productive. 2. to be suc- 
cessful, profitable. 3. to come 
to pass, fulfill, as a prediction. 

^jiO, ^n) phasali, phasli, s. The 
current revenue year, (from 
July to June). 

^4^3 phavuji, s. An army, 
troops, host. 

^■5)03ocS phayide, see s^DOsorf. 

^^Qsos^ pharikhati^, s. Receipt, 
.acquittance, divorce. 2. pay- 
ment of a debt. 

^2)^0 ra phalguna, J. The twelfth 
lunar month. 

^^JSO phituri, s. Any secret, 
deceitful or underhand pro- 
ceeding, intrigue, conspiracy. 
2. instigation, incitement. 
— ^jsLr^ to incite. — -rfo^o^^ 
to intrigue; to betray. 

^dor^ phirangi, see iT^Ch. 

^DO^^a, ^o532)ra phiriyadi, 
phiryadi, s. A complaint, an 
accusation in law. 

^^7^ phisi^, s. Fees, remunera- 

^6j5^=aOg phuroktu, s. Sale, 
particularly of stamps. 

^.o^ pheil^, s. A register, file. 

^\T^^^ plieisal^, see ^^7i6. 


to ba, The thirty-sixth letter of 

the alphabet. 
too-S- banki, see sroc^. 
20o^c3"3^'^'5' bankinayake, s. A 

honorific title amongst Billa- 

toorl, zoo^ banga, banna, see ^ca. 
z^ofi6 bangale, see ^o:R^. 
toorray bangata, see sjJct^u. 
Jeoon2)D^, ^oo^a)^ bangari^, banga- 

ra, see 2^c7^5. 
2oorT"5)b=ae)03o bangaiakayi, s. 

The Indian acalypha, ^6y?- 

lyp/ia Indie a. 


eooHD^ bangala, s. Bengal. 

EOon«)^ bangali, ^. Jugglery, 
legerdemain, trickery, impos- 
ture. 2. an impostor, cheat. 

2ooA bangi, ^. Hemp, Ca^mabis 
sativa. — 23?t5 one addicted 
to hemp smoking. -^^^ to 
becomeintoxicated withhemp. 
^•S>1^^ to smoke hemp. 

eooriorl bangude, s. The mac- 

zooriod bangura, ^^^ 85o?,&. 

toorio^ bangule, see ^o-R. 

zoorio^ bangeri;, s. A title of 

' ^oA bangra 


20oZo banji 

certain old chieftains. 2. a 
family name amongst the 
Bants and Billavars. 
20ori^, eoorL bangra, bangri, see 

20c7^ bangle, s. A bangalow, 
residence of an European. 

too^, eoo^eJ^^c^ banghi, ban- 
ghitappal^, s. Parcel or pac- 
ket post. 

aoo^ banna, see b^oa. 

2ootiF^3«)o5j baiijanataye, s. A 
demon so called. 

2002;^^ bancane, see -^o^i^. 

2002^0^ bancuni, see ^cel^^. 

20ot;id banjara, see sdogiTJ. 
JsjotciCJ barijara, cidj. Sterile, bar- 
ren, -^l-s-so uncultivated land; 
waste land. — eo^^TJo^ to re- 
main uncultivated. 

20oS3e)d banjara, adv. Heartily 
freely, largely. — £?b^ to 
have a hearty meal. — eA)r^^ 
to eat heartily. —zj^xio^ to 
serve food profusely. 
J 20o2o banJi, ^s-.-The stomach. -^ 2. 
the belly. 3: the womb. -^4. 
the interior or inner part, as 
of a tree, e^c. 5. the thinner 
portion of the shell of a cocoa- 
nut, ^the mind, heart. "sSoe^ 
80o^croo2j a corpulent or clum- 
sy man. — t^& a long worm 
infectinff the bowel. — -rfoe? 
voracious, eager; patient, 
long suffering. ~f\ ^^ there 
is nothing to eat. -d?f5 colic, 
gripes; yf^. envy. -c5 ^t^ the 

stomach. — 3i ^jsUeB want o 
food, starvation. ~^^or^ to 
be hungry; to be distressed. 
i^jsD— a big belly, potbelly. ^ 
^— pregnancy by illicit inter- 
course. ^o?<5"— an early stage 
of pregnancy, -^h^ to be 
pregnant, —^^or^ the belly 
to subside. — pa&cxjoj^, — o%)e5^ 
■do^, -oSo^or^ the belly to 
distend. — ^"d^^ to miscarry, 
cause an abortion. — ^to^^> 
to digest. -^ot54^, _ ^^^^ 
to feel a griping pain in the 
bowels. -ao3do^ to fill the 
belly, to have a hearty meal, 
hunger to be appeased. — ^ 
^o^oi to be aggrieved. — eo^r^), 
—^'^js^oso^ to become preg- 
nant through illicit inter- 
course. —T<oh^^, —Tio^^^ to 
retch, to have nausea, qualm. 
— -do^o^^ to cause pregnancy 
through illicit intercourse. 
— S ^<ih^ to have looseness 
in the bowels, to purge. 
Jz^o'd^, 20oe;jf^^ barijina, banjina- 
vu, s. Pregnancy. 2. stools. 
adj. Pregnant. -=5^o^o^^), eoo 
^?^iSK ^e^o) to go to stool. 

ZOotof^a banjinadi, s. The belly 
of a beast or fish. 

2oo23r3"ss?^ banjinaly, s. A preg- 
nant woman. . 

zooe3;^^6 banjibeire, ^. A glutton. 

eoowdo^ banjiruni (eoc^S), z>. a. 
The (distended) belly to-^j 

tooeS banje 


20 od banda 

J 200^ banje, s. A barren woman. 

adj. Barren, sterile. 
>/20oeE23 banjele, s. A glutton. 

200^2^?^ banjeltana, s. Gluttony. 

2Jo2£jS^o^ banjottu, see 20c3i-d. 

20 ob^ bant^, s. Pride, vanity. 
2. bragging, boasting. 

eoo^'^eJ, 20 be) 23 r^ bant at a, ban- 
tatige, see ^ozrou. 

200^0 bantu, i-^^ a^olJ. 2. heroic, 
courageous. 3. glutinous. — ^ 
^> courage, pride. 

20o^ bante, s. A man belonging 
to the principal class of culti- 
vators, called Bants. 2. a 
servant. 3. a demon so called. 
^1^;^^U a demon priest. 

20ocs^ bandi^, see ^cS. 

20oCa?o^ bandasi^, ^. A kind of fish. 

2ooc^?j'3d bandasale, s. A store- 
house, warehouse, granary. 

200:2;^ bendase, see sococj. 

2ooG^eJ, 20o(:s'3l3r(bandata,banda- 
tige, .y^^ ^co3D&37^. 

20oC5D05o bandayi, ^. Conspiracy. 

20oC3^d bandara, see s^oz^tj. 

2ooG'$)D bandari, see s^oz^b. 
J 20 0^ bandi, .9^^ ^oa. 

2oodo, 2ooi:^o;^^ bandu, banduta- 
na, see 2^cE. 

20 od bande, see 2^oii. 
J 200^3 banna, s. ^Colour, paint, 
dye. 2. exaggeration. 3. a 
degree of fineness, touch in 
metallurgy, -t^^ a painter, 
dyer; yf^. a man given to 
exaggeration. — tfjsbr^, — ^S^v 

^, -sjDv^o^ to colour, paint, 
dye; to exaggerate, —^fi^h^ 
colour to fade. 

2oorQcnc)OSobannangayi, s. A half 
grown cocoanut. 

20or3!3f^, 200^531)137^ bannatige, 
bannatige, s. A piece of wood 
driven through rafters to 
keep them fast. 2. carving, 

20or^^7l bannanige, see ^cz<^^. 

20or3?od bannasara, s. A coral 

20cr?7^ bannige, .s*. A painter. 

2ooC5^ bandi^, s. Shutting, closing. 
2. stoppage, suspension, ceas- 
ing. 3. prohibition^ forbid- 
ding, -^t^ to be shut; to 
cease, stop. ~^B^^ see ^c-do'^B. 
-TSd^d^^ to shut, close; to 
secure; to prohibit; to cease. 

20oCJ banda, s. Dough. —^^ leav- 
en. -^e)iSoi, ^T^^^^ to knead 
flour to dough. 

20 od bauda, see sooq^. 

2002:^:1 P bandaddye, .y. Half bak- 
ed or boiled cake. 

20odrf zi^^j bandada-mara, s. The 
wild mangosteen tree, Dios- 
pyros enihroypteris. 

20odh bandagi, s. Slavery, ser- 

20od^, 20od?2 bandana, bandane, 
see "^04, [plant. 

200^0^7^ bandanige, .s". A parasitic 

20odD^ bandar^, s. A port, har- 
bour. — ■s^os^^o^^ to make a 
port, to anchor. 

200 a bandi 


20=?^ baka 

20oa bandi, s. A kind of neck- 
ornament of gold. 

20 o£) bandi, s. Imprisonment, con- 
finement. ^di5~ temporary 
confinement. -^^, — sjs^ a 
prison, jail, imprisonment, 

20oa=^J5^^o bandikolu, s. A pair 
of cudgels used by a gymnast. 

20oa^^FS bandivane, ^. A pri- 
soner. 2. a criminal, culprit. 

20orfj, 200^3 bandu, bande, see 

20odo5^ banduki^, socrfjs^. 

2oocJJ=3'^ bandukati^,^. Securing, 
making fast. 2. compactness, 
union. 3. fineness, nicety. 
adj. Secure, fast. 2. compact. 
3. fine, nice. 

20ocJJ?)«^ banduk^, s. A gun. 

20ocSe:^ bandel^, s. A residence, 

20odJS^2j?o^ bandobasty, .y. Set- 
tlement, arrangement, ma- 
nagement. 2. safety, security. 
—■;5o^o^^ to settle; to secure. 

20oq^, 200^?^, 2Joq^rS bandha, 
bandhana, bandhane, s. Bind- 
ing, tying. 2. imprisonment, 

eooqij bandhu. J. A kinsman, 
relation. —z^^X relations 
in the aggregate. — ;5^e3o love 
of relatives. 

20or^N bannana, s. Trouble, ca- 
lamity, affliction, torment. 
2. see soozji. _croo3j a tor- 
mcnter. ~^^^, — :^zS4c&, ^o'^ 

! ^jac^o 20js-dj^ to be afflicted. 
' _2oLr^ to be involved in 

troubles, --^^y^o^ to afflict, 

torment, trouble. 
20oc3c)!3?^ bannatige, see zoo^d^;^. 
2oo?d^ri bannanige, see 80o3^^^. 
2^o?5c)^''' bannalii, ^^^ ■^:ioTi^<zj. 2. 

a family name. 3. lineage. 
2joci53od, 20Q^.^od bannimara, 

bannemara, s. The tree yiimosa 

v^ofj^^ bampeli^, see aroo^^. 
20020050 bambayi, ^. The thorny 

part of a palmyra branch. 
J2JO200 bambu, ^. ^Layers of the 

fibrous coverings of a plantain 

tree. 2:' the bamboo. 
2oo200Dbamburi, s, A small kind 

of oyster. 
^20023 bambe, ^.^' The core or 

inside stalk of a plantain 
J tree, j 2.^attery,falsepraise. 

3.^ prattling, -^js^ the rind 

of a lolantain. -^(5oi>3^ to 

work for nothing or in vain. 
-/20oS^0N bammana, ^. Slander, 

backbiting, -sir^^, -^#dj?) 

—•sii'^Ao), 2^c-rfo^?j^ to backbite, 
soodo^oioo^ bammaniyuni, see 

20=3* baka, s. A crane. -^ sotoso 
a loud talking person. — -rfjsO 
a glutton. 

2j^2o=3* bakabaka, flf/c'. Voracious- 
ly, eagerly. ~^^^ to swallow 
J20=^e; bakala, s. A gash, deep 
incision. -ej'L^ to be gashed. 

eo^ baka 


20 ri ba.2:a 

20^e;s^od bakalamara, s. The tree 
Mimusops elengi\ also So'SB 

EO^D^ood bakasure, s. A monster 
so called. 2. a glutton. 

20^6 bakire, see ^^e^. 

20^^13 bakiti, see eo???a. 

so^^s:^ bakil^, ^. A glutton. 

20=3^0, zo^os^j^O, 20 € baku, baku- 
mari, bake, see z^^TioS. 

20=^^^ bakedi, s. Loss from bad 
debts, insolvency. 2. diffi- 
culty, distress. 3. necessity, 
want. — ^-d^TO^ a needy 
man; an insolvent. 

tj=a^ bakka, see ^^^. 

tox^^^^, 2o=^?i)o^ bakkanipuni, 
bakkanyuni (s^^^^, 20^^^)^ ^•^• 
To ask repeatedly. 

20=3^,0^ bakkar^, s. A stride. 

20=^75^ bakkasi^, ^^^ djss^^xi. 

20=a^?oO^ bakkasuni (so^^^icj), v. a. 

To devour. 
to^js^rao^ bakkonuni, ^^^ 20ajo^os). 

^eo^pJ, 2on^^53 baktale, bagi^tale, 
.S-. Parting the hair in the 
middle of the head by com- 
bing. 2. combing the hair 
into curls. 3. the crown of 
the head. 4. a chaplet. 

20^ bakra, s. A sheep, jungle 

20A^vB bugijiti, see 2^^. 

zor^ej^ bagijil^, see 20 a ^. 2. see 


2oriodc^, 2or1orf^ bag-andara, ba- 
gandala, s. A carbuncle, 

malignant abscess on the 
Jz^T^'z^o'^ bagatuni (soaO), v. n. 
To straddle, stand astride. 

eoridlj, bagadatte, i". The name 
of a giant. 
j2ori2or(bagabaga, s. The crackling 
noise of conflagration. — esoor 
oi fire to blaze with a noise. 
2j3a3oS 80<y ^7^, ^:)o^§S soa 
207^ (he says) "come son", 
while inwardly regards you 
with jealousy. 

20?iD^ bagari^, see 20^^ 5. 

2or\d bagara, s. A bow. 

2orlo^ bagal^, s. The armpit, 
the side from the armpit to 
the hip. — K srotl)^ to put or 
keep under the arm ; to mis- 

2j?1^o^ bagaluni, see 20a<??j^. 

2or1d bagale, s. An Arabian 
ship. — STOO30 a large mouth; 
a glutton. 
/'eo/i^^eJ bagalata, s. Barking. 
2. clamouring, vociferation. 
— -do^Jv^, see 20 a ^0^. 
>/2or(^obagalu, ^. Raving, wander- 
ing in mind, talking irra- 
tionally. — ?jo^ delirium, in- 

^/^o^(^o^ bagaluni (^7(§)"v.n. To 
bark, clamour, vociferate. 
2. to rave, talk irrationally. 

2ori^bagaie,i". Distress, anguish, 
sorrow. 2. trouble, difficul- 
ties. — crocSo a man in trouble. 

20 n^ 



aonc)U^ bagar^, s. Seasoning. 
j2orre?uO^ ba^asuni (20asoj) tj. a. 
To desire. 
z::,r\:^ bag^u, see eoK . 
zorlo^d bagutale, see "vs^e,. 
Jzjrlo^o^, eorio^^j^ baguluni, ba- 

y;guluni, see z^X^o^. 
\z^f{ bage, s. Kind, manner, way, 
species. 2. means, resource, 
income, -ca)^^ to have pro- 
perty, stock, means, or sub- 
stance. — -dj^Ov^^ to acquire 
wealth; to pay off; to do a 
favour; to commit mischief. 
2J7^2ori bagebage, s. Rank, grade, 
class, adj. Diverse, various. 
—ids^je)^ a variety of goods. 
Jzoriodoo^, 2ori4^ bageyuni, bage- 
vuni (2^^), ^'. ^. To think, 
suppose, guess, imagine. ■^^— 
to deceive, intend evil, play 
the traitor. o3oc^ -dS 80;^o3o 
he intended to ruin me. 

^n^' ^^'r\ ^^^^^' baggu, s. Flat- 
tery, praise. 2. backbiting, 
tale-bearing. — sjd^o^ to flat- 
ter; to bear tales. 

Jz^TT^^^ baggavuni, c v. (of 20X0^ 
^) To cause to stoop, make 
bend, cower. 
ZjfN baggi, s. An iron hook 
pointed at its both ends. 

Jejrto c^ bagguni (a:^), v. n. To 
bend, bow, stoop. 2. to yield, 

>/W7^^ baggele, s. A bending 6?r 
crouching man. 
wrl^ bagtal^, ^^^ 20^^. 

2o^ bagte, ^^^ ^f^. 

2o?^o bagye, postp. For, 'on ac- 
count of. 

z*i25"353) bacavu, s. Protection, 
deliverance, escape. ~eylb^ 
to escape. — ^jsb^ to seek pro- 
tection. — -dj^^Ov^^ to protect, 

20Sa bacca, s. A fault, mistake. 
2. a young, as of an animal. 
^.see ^ix% -3^cc2 a calf of 
not more than a year. — s:^ 
c^o^ to pay a fine. 

202:^ oH'so^o baccangayi, ^. The 
water-melon, Cucumis cit- 
>/2je^orio^ baccangelu, i\ Tired- 
ness, fatigue. 

Vi'd ^ baccane, see eoeir^. 

2o2^ d, ud ^ baccale, baccale, see 

Vzoe^sJ^ baccavuni, ^. ^. {0/ so 
2^0 ^) To cause to dry, fade, 
stunt. • 2. to tire, fatigue. 

-Jeo2§6 baccire, s. The betel leaf. 
— rf eow^^ a betel salver. — s^ 
oSoS a venomous insect found 
on betel leaves. — ^ ^jsci a 
bundle of about one hundred 
betel leaves. — §^?) to chew 
betel leaves; to make peace. 

^Uod^— or ^•5j3e5— , ?jdX^^_ ^;' 

Ti^jooT^d^— <?r ^oootSia^— are 
varieties of betel leaves. 
Jeo2cj^> baccuni (20^), 7;. «. To 
become lean, thin. 2. to 




)ei bata 

dry up, evaporate. 3. to be 
weary, tired, fatigued. "^^^ 
5- the hands and legs to be 
tired. ^<^t>O30— to falter in 
speaking; to be thirsty, eo^ 
E^^oh^ to get tired ; to grow 
lean; to be dried up, as a 

J 202§ o^ baccel^, s. Fatigue, weari- 
ness, tiredness. 2. leanness. 
3. ebb; c/. ^A,^. -cSs^a to 
take rest, refresh one's self. 

^Z^'^ 6 baccele, s. A thin man. 
eoti baja, see eos^^^- 

2oti^^, t^ti^, z^z^^ bajan^, baja- 
na, bajane, see ^3^?^. 

2otd2oi5 bajabaja, adj. Moist, 
moderately wet ^r softened 
with water. — -^-seS cattle- 
fodder soaked in water. 

2oti^ bajavu, see so&d^. 

E022^r2), 2023^ r?r^ bajani, bajanige, 
s. A broom, besom. 2. clean- 
liness, freedom from dirt, elc. 
3. a plain, open ground; c/. 
^oj^cTO^. — -^j^o^o) to sweep, 
JzotsDCSJo^ bajanyutti (soa^D^), z'.(2. 
To long, wish; be greedy. 

^o^3■^o5o?;JJ^), 2025^?dj^ bajayisuni, 
bajasuni (^s^-^oso^, eo&D^J), ^. ^, 
To beat, strike. 2. to eat 
heartily. 3. to do anything 
freely, without restraint. 

CoZ3^D bajari, s, A harlot, whore, 
prostitute. 2. an immodest 
or indecent woman. 

u:e3e)53) Ijajavu, s. Dried leaves 
^/<;., used as fuel. 2. beating 
s/toZo baji, adj. Empty, mere, only. 
2. vain, useless, false. — ^^ 
an empty hand. — ?:;os?o^ an ut- 
ter falsehood; an unfounded 
report, etc. 

z^Zoog^ bajipuni, see ^^?ii^. 

isi t3 2^^ bajil^,^. Paddy, moistened, 
dried, broiled, and beaten 
into wafers in a mortar. 
— ^oS a kind of grass. — ^"^ 
a kind of wreath made of 
similar wafers of gold. 
^IJ2§ baje, s. Sweet-flag, Acorus 
calamus. ~^^ a mixture 


of sweet-flag and butter, so 

^^ ^i<Sjr;)02:^K ^?f;)j4o^ to apply 
the paste of sweet-flag to the 
tongue (of children to im- 
prove articulation). 
eoe^c^i^ bajjanige, see a:3d^f^. 

^J^o bajji, s. A mode of prepar- 
ing certain vegetables by 
baking them in embers, a 
kind of condiment. — ^&^o^, 
—■si3<^o^^to prepare the above. 

eo^^oSj bajjeyi, s. The areca- 
nut, betel-nut. 

eog) bajra, see aro 3^1)5. 

2oea^S34)cl, 20 £3^31)^ bati^vade, ba- 
tavade, s. Distribution of 
money, etc. 
Veo^, uhD bata, bata, adj. Open, 
wide. —^L^ an open plain. 
— -^jsAF a highway. 


)b'^ bat a 


20 a badi 

20^^^ batate, s. A potato. 
• i so^'5)rJ batani, s. A kind of pease, 
Pisum sativum. — des? — ?j£;d 
050 split pease. 
zoUjs^^ batuvadi, see eiOsroil. 
-^EoUod batuve, s. A bag,* purse, 
satchel ; cf. ^e3 g . 
20£jj?)s;^o batolu, s. A sack, bag. 


20^^, batt^, s. The foreskiu. -^o 
-^^t^ to circumcise. 
J^o^ batta, s. A globe, sphere. 
^^^* Circular, round. 2. ^^^ 
?J^' —'^'^^ an ox with cir- 
cular horns. —^tS a bald 
izoei.a^ battal^, i-. A plate, esp. 

of bell-metal. 
•^ 20^ batti, J.^A ratan basket. 
I 2:ia still, kiln, distillery. 3. 
distillation. 4. a kind of sco- 
lopendra. -^yo^o) to distill. 
j2oS batte, s. \ cloth in general, 
>y garment.] ^. a road, path. 
-^^, batte, see ^^,. 
zo^JS.s^o battolu, see soy^. 
20 ^"3, (I batvade, ^^£? 8^)0 sro^. 
2oB batve, ^^^ 2ouo^. 
2v:o^^cio^:), 2oc3«;^odoci, '201^^^, 
20^3^55 ^) badi^taruni, badi^ituru- 
ni, badi^truni, badi^puni (s^S 

To ascend, climb, mount. 
i<ct-dj\- to ascend a hill. ^ 
^^- to climb a tree. 
•^ 20ci bada, adj. Poor, indigent. 
2. lean, thin, -^c:^, -^^o^ -^^ 

poverty, indigence, leanness, 
v/-^ a poor man, pauper. 
203^ 0^ do ^ badantaruni, ^^^ soS;^ 

-i20(^^-505j badakayi, i". The North, 
^^*. North, northern. — ^^^ 
the north point. 

2od=a, badakka, ^^". Sudden, ab- 

ZjTi'i^ badatana, s. A marriage, 
wedding among Pariahs; cf. 


2oc^;^dj^, 2od^^ badataruni, ba- 
dapuni, see eoS^iio^. 

-i 2or^2od badabada, s. The noise of 
a drum. 2. babbling gar- 
rulity. — s3D^T^o^ to babble. 
J203^s^] badavu, s. Hunger, ap- 
petite. — e?^^ to be hungry. 

2oc^s5, 2oc^^?^adave, badastana, 
see under sot^. 
>J2oJ3^oSo badayi, s. Boasting, 
bragging. ^s:]D^-do?) to boast, 

20C3t)O3o?;lo^, 2oc3-3?oo^, badayisu- 
ni, badasuni (20z3^a3ocJ, sorro^), 
z/. ^. To augment, increase, 
enlarge, v. n. To increase,, 
thrive, prosper. 

20 G^^ badala, see a^iis^^. 

20C3"e)5j badavu, ^^^ sot^^- 

20^ badi, ^. The fold of a gar- 
ment, adj. Folded. ^~ 
double, two-fold. 

20^=5^6^ badikall^, s. A stone 
slab on which a washerman 
washes his clothes. 2. an 

to^ badi 


so^. batti 

Zd^fi badige, s. Carpentry. 2. 

a carpenter; aho so^t^tooSo. 
*J 20^^e^, so^ojoo^ badipuni, badi- 

yuni (2*^^), "v. a. To strike, 

beat, thrash. 
20^S3c)d badivara, see eozs^oao. 

^zodo badu, ^. A stick, cudgel. 
— sroi^o^, _0 5oD?ro^ to beat, 
2odjo5^ budupuni(2^^o),^;. ^. To 
climb; cf. so 5 ©do ^. 
^/eos^jsS baduve, s^^ A pimp, pro- 
v/ curer. 2 /see eoii^. 
•^Eosl bade, adj. Thin, lean. — ^ 
w^^5 to become thin. 
zjcI=5'5)n badekane, s. A large 

coffer, cash-box. 
zocI?3js^^ badesopu, s. Sweet- 
fennel, Anisum foeniculum. 
z^T^^ badd^, adj. Blunt, edgeless. 
2. dull, stupid, obtuse. ' s. 
Bluntness, dulness, stupidity. 
~^5p a blunt knife. — e?a:^ 
to become blunt. — =5^yo,^ to 


get dull or obtuse. 
tO(^^^ baddi^puli, see ^^©■ds^'^. 
20 c^ bdda, see sot^^^. 
20^ baddi, s. Interest on money. 

e9?j^_ principal and interest. 

— ^ ^^^ compound interest. 

— =^j3l:F^ to pay interest. — K 

=^j3^r^ to lend on interest. 
.eoao;^jo^ baddiyuni (2^S), ^. ^. 

To fly, run away. 
20cl badde, i*. A stupid man, 

dunce. 2. a refractory man. 
2o^do^ badtaruni, see z^E^-do?^. 

zodoo^i badyuni, see soa^odoo^. 
•Jz^fo^o^ banumpu, s. A kind of 

timber tree, Termmah'a cori- 

20 rs bana, see ^^. [7^:5030 

zorso/TsoSo banangayi, see 20or©o 
20^32^7^ banajige, s. A Lingait 

merchant. 2. a Lingait. 
20^323 banabe, adj. Light, not 

heavy. 2. weak, imbecile. 
J ^:'A stack. 
^20^53 banale, see eoj^eS. 
20c^'30 banari, s. A tear, sob. 
2or? bani, i-. Colour, hue; cf. 

200^3. 2. breed, kind. 3. 

2or30^, ^orso banupu, banpu, see 


20 ra banna, s-ee so or®, 
•i 203^ batti^, s. A gander, duck. 
^o4^rf_ well boiled rice; a 
glutton. ~^^c7\^5 all kinds of 

20^ batta, see ^^£^. 2. ^^^ <^ti. 

20^d battada, see 20^. 
v/20^e3 battale, ^^'. Naked, un- 
covered, without clothes- ~^^ 

2o^^ri battalige s. A quiver. 

20 3;^ 0^0 battayi, s. An inferior 
kind of tobacco. 

203^?j^ battasi^, s. A kind of 
sweet emat. 

20^ batti, s. A wick, candle, 

J match. 2"^4 cigar, cheroot. 

^jsodoo'Sd— a wax-candle. — ^ 

^oo„ batti 


20 a badi 

y^^SJ to make a cigar. -"^^Os^ 
c^ to twist the wick of a lamp. 
—■^l^^ to smoke a cigar. 
20;|j,=ct2^ battikajja, ^. Thebusiness 

on which one has come. 
20v|g^3S^^ battimin^, s. A kind 
of fish; also §oyj2o£^. 

yzo^Ojj^ battuni, see 20£io^^. 
20 i batte, see ^i^. 

n/zoI^sq^ battelijL, .y^^^ ^f^^- 

n/2jc3^=5^ bad^k^, ^. Living, liveli- 
hood. 2. estate, wealth, pro- 
perty. -ep^A^ a comfortable 
living. — ^jscjXo?) to be im- 
poverished, reduced to pover- 
ty. —■^'^J^^) to acquire wealth. 

yeon^^t)^^ bad^kavuni, c. v. (of 
soSs'o^) To cause to live, 
to save, protect.* 2. to heal, 

>/ 2023^^0^ bad^kuni(2o5^),Tolive, 

exist, subsist. 2. to survive, 

recover, be saved. 

20 cj bada, see eo^iii. 

2odorio badangala, s. A large 

sore. 2. a carbuncle; cf. 

2odo2o, 2ocJo20^ badamba, ba- 

dambatte, adj. Flabby, not 

20 d ^-5)^0 badaname, see z^^i^-^A 
J socj^badane,^. The brinjal plant, 

Solarium esculenlum^ or S. 

mclongona\ cf,7\o^. -sioo^o — 

the love-apple. 
2od2od badabada, adj. Loosely, 

not tightly, -^o^o^^ to dress 
20 do badari, see eSjs^jsD. 

20dO, 2oda^c)^s:;o badari, badari- 
kasrama, s. The residence of 

2odO=^ badarike, see sj^Qj^. 

2odD^^ badaritana, s. Dishonour, 

2odo^ badal^, s. Exchange, com- 
pensation; cf. e9rf^20rf^. pro. 
Other, another, adj. Substi- 
tuted, acting for another. 
adv. Instead of. — K in lieu of, 
instead of. 202:^6^ 20^^^ tit 
for tat, retaliation. — sjd^tj 
a contradiction. —•^^\^^, see 

Cvrf^sJo^, 2ods:-3S^oj badalamu, 
badalamu, s. Disrepute, igno- 
miny. 2. responsibility, risk. 
3. a false accusation. 

2ods5e)03o;soOci badalayisuni {pri^ 
osooJ), v.a. To change, alter. 
2. to exchange, substitute, 

2vd© badali, s. A substitute; cf 
20rf^. adj. Acting. -=^e^?i an 
acting appointment. 

2ocredoo badamu, s. Almonds. 

2jn-30^ badal^, see 20^^. 

20 a badi, s. A dowry. 
i2oa badi, see eob. 

2oao3o^<^ badiyelyi, s. A side-bone, 

2oad badire, adj. Deaf. eoaiJ^^i 

2^a badi 


cvOJo baya 

EoadoA badirengi, see ^dtSo-k. 
2odj badu, «.^". Thin, Wcatery; 

also 80lu20rf. 

s/^2odo^c)d)c^ badukavuni, see 2065;) 

/eodj^o'o^ badukuni, see &:5^o^.. 
!il eodo=3^o^) badenkuni (eo^So^), ^. ^2. 
To dangle, as a weak limb. 
zjdorio badengala, see eorfcXa. 
2od , badda, adj. True, certain. 

2. bound. 
20 gj badra, ^^^ ^5- 
eogjdoo^ badramusbti, ^^^ 8[5^ 

20 gj badri, ^^^ a^^^. 

eoa,=^, 2oa,7^badrike, badrige, ^^^ 

20c^ baddha, adj. Tied, bound. 

'2. astringent. 
20C3^ sJG^ badlamu, ^^^ 20u^e;5o. 


20^ bana, ^. A grove, pleasure 
garden. n^a— a thicket 
haunted by serpents. 
JioF^o^ banampu, ^^^ eoFsos^. 
v/zoc^d banale, ^."^ kind of frying 
pan. adj. Thin, —"^^^o'e^^^ a 
thin kind of cloth. 

20 ^i) 3^ banatu, ^. Woollen cloth, 
broad cloth. 

2o^-5)03o?^o^ banayisuni (so^osofo), 
V. a. To invent, forge, fabri- 
cate, as a false document, etc. 
2. to prepare, as a dish. 

20c3Da banari, s. Saliva ^r juice 
of fruits drivelling about the 
corners of the mouth, etc. 

20^«)dcl, 20^4)^^ banavane, ba- 

navani, s. Invention, forgery, 
fabrication, adj. Forged, fab- 
ricated, false, fictitious. — "sii 
^\^ to forge, fabricate. 

«20crasS banavu, s. Agreement, 

20^ bani, see sorS.